Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 195
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23281, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157743

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Detection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is vital for the diagnosis of hepatitis B infection. A novel test loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) has been successfully applied to detect various pathogens. However, the accuracy of LAMP in diagnosing HBV remains unclear. Therefore, in the present study, the accuracy of LAMP for HBV detection was evaluated systematically. METHODS: Embase, Cochrane Library, and PubMed databases were searched for studies using LAMP to detect HBV. Then, two researchers extracted data and assessed the quality of literature using the QUADAS-2 tool independently. I2 statistic and chi-square test were analyzed to investigate the heterogeneity, and Deek's funnel plot assessed the publication bias. The pooled sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE), positive LR (PLR), negative LR (NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and 95% confidence intervals were displayed in forest plots. We calculated the area under the curve (AUC) to assess the overall efficiency of LAMP for HBV detection. RESULTS: A total of nine studies with 1298 samples were finally included in this evaluation. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of HBV detection were 0.91 (95% CI: 0.89 ~ 0.92) and 0.97 (95% CI: 0.94 ~ 0.99), respectively. The PLR, NLR, and DOR were 16.93 (95% CI: 6.15 ~ 46.55), 0.08 (95% CI: 0.05 ~ 0.14), and 397.57 (95% CI: 145.41 ~ 1087.07). Besides, the AUC was 0.9872, and Deek's plot suggested that there existed publication bias in the studies. CONCLUSION: Compared with PCR, LAMP is a simple, rapid, and effective assay to diagnose HBV. However, additional evidence is essential to confirm that LAMP can replace other methods in diagnosing HBV infection.

2.
J Clin Pharm Ther ; 2020 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32170986

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Combination regimens of six-month duration may increase the incidence of anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury (ATLI), which is clinically characterized by mild cholestasis and hepatocanalicular lesions. UGT2B4 is a predominant UDP-glucuronosyltransferase enzyme in the human liver that plays an important role in the detoxification of bile acids, which yields water-soluble inactive compounds that can easily be excreted in the bile or urine. This study aimed to investigate the potential association between UGT2B4 variants and the susceptibility to ATLI. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood sample of each patient, and all SNPs were genotyped using an improved multiplex ligation detection reaction method. Clinical symptoms and laboratory results were recorded regularly. Five genetic variants at UGT2B4 (rs1131878, rs1966151, rs28361541, rs4557343 and rs79407331) were identified in a prospective study of 118 ATLI cases and 628 non-ATLI controls. All participants were treated by first-line anti-TB drugs in Western China Hospital. The potential association between SNPs, ATLI risk and clinical phenotypes were determined based on the distribution of allelic frequencies and different genetic models. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Statistical comparisons of cases and controls after correction for multiple testing did not yield any significant association between genetic variants at UGT2B4 and risk of ATLI via the analyses of single locus and subgroup differences. WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: This is the first study aimed to investigate the association of UGT2B4 polymorphisms with ATLI risk. Our results revealed that UGT2B4 genetic variants are unlikely to confer susceptibility to ATLI in the Western Chinese Han population.

3.
Bioorg Chem ; 97: 103696, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135360

RESUMO

Xanthatin, a natural sesquiterpene lactone, occurs as one of the major constituents of Xanthium plants (Compositae) and exhibits many important biological properties. To discover natural products-based pesticides, forty-nine Michael-type thiol/amino adducts of xanthatin were synthesized and characterized, while their pesticidal activities were investigated. Among them, compounds 2c, 2h, 2i, and 2t exhibited more potent antifungal activity against Botrytis cinerea (IC50 = 0.96, 0.38, 6.33, and 7.21 µg/mL, respectively) than xanthatin and the two commercial fungicides. Compounds 2t and 2u displayed broad-spectrum and excellent antifungal effects against all tested phytopathogenic fungi, while their IC50 values ranged from 7.21 to 75.88 µg/mL. Compounds 2a, 2f, 2l, 2m, 2v, 7c, 7e, 7h, 7i, and 7j showed moderate larvicidal activity against Plutella xylostella Linnaeus. Furthermore, compounds 2b, 7g, and 7h demonstrated significant ovicidal activity against P. xylostella with the LC50 values of 14.04, 10.00, and 11.95 mg/L, respectively. These findings suggest that thiol/amino appended in the C-13 position of xanthatin may improve antifungal and ovicidal activities for the derivatives. It was also noticed that the exocyclic double bond of xanthatin is crucial for its larvicidal activity. This work also provides some important hints for further design, synthesis, and structural modification of the xanthanolides sesquiterpene lactones toward development of the new environmentally friendly pesticides for sustainable agricultural production.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 254: 112717, 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114166

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Amygdalin is commonly distributed in plants of the Rosaceae, such as peach, plum, loquat, apple and bayberry, but most notably in the seeds (kernels) of apricot almonds. As a naturally aromatic cyanogenic compound, it has long been used in Asia, Europe and other regions for the treatment of various diseases including cough, asthma, nausea, leprosy and leukoderma. Importantly, in recent years, an increasing attention has been paid to its antitumor effect. AIM OF THE STUDY: The paper aims to review the pharmacological activities and toxicological effects of amygdalin and provide a reference and perspective for its further investigation. METHODS: Electronic databases including the Web of Science, Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, the Chinese Biological Medicine Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang database and VIP information database were searched up to November 2019 to identify eligible studies. A meticulous review was performed, an in-depth analysis on the pharmacological activity and toxicology of amygdalin was conducted, and perspectives for future research were also discussed. RESULTS: A total of 110 papers about in vitro/in vivo studies on amygdalin have been reviewed. Analysis on the data suggested that this compound presented pharmacological activities of anti-tumor, anti-fibrotic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, immunomodulatory, anti-atherosclerosis, ameliorating digestive system and reproductive system, improving neurodegeneration and myocardial hypertrophy, as well as reducing blood glucose. In addition, studies revealed that amygdalin's toxicity was caused by its poisonous decomposite product of benzaldehyde and hydrogen cyanide after oral ingestion, toxicity of intravenous administration route was far less than the oral route, and it can be avoidable with an oral dose ranging from 0.6 to 1 g per day. CONCLUSION: This paper has systematically reviewed the pharmacology and toxicology of amygdalin and provided comprehensive information on this compound. We hope this review highlights some perspectives for the future research and development of amygdalin.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054980

RESUMO

Studies have assessed early population-level impact of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programs for preventing cervical cancer. Through a case study in Hong Kong we examined stakeholder engagement and interactions to promote a universal HPV vaccination program using the Health Policy Triangle framework for structured health policy analysis. Using data from a document review and semi-structured in-depth interviews, we used thematic and stakeholder analyses to describe the process of policy formation. Given Hong Kong's political and health system, and a mix of Chinese and Western values, stakeholders judged legitimacy of the process differently. We discuss their varied ethical stances and the role of research evidence for informing policy-making. For effective HPV vaccination policy and promotion of universal free HPV vaccination among adolescent girls, new strategies are needed to broaden acceptance of the process, to frame policies in terms of facts and values, and to connect research to policy-making and improve coalition-building.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 705: 135878, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972926

RESUMO

The treatments of peroxydisulfate (PDS) activated with different iron forms (zero-valent iron (ZVI), ferrous iron (Fe2+) and nano zero-valent iron (NZVI)) all contributed to the generation of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) during waste activated sludge (WAS) anaerobic fermentation. The maximal VFAs generation was 3036, 5537 and 3533 mg COD/L in the PDS/ZVI, PDS/Fe2+ and PDS/NZVI reactors, respectively, while it was only 702 mg COD/L in the control. The enhancing effects followed the order of PDS/Fe2+ > PDS/NZVI > PDS/ZVI. ZVI and NZVI showed no dual promoting effects with PDS on the VFAs production. Mechanisms exploration indicated that the simultaneous improvement of WAS solubilization and hydrolysis (high concentrations of soluble proteins and carbohydrates) and enrichment of fermentative bacteria (i.e. Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fonticella, and etc.) involved in VFAs generation were the main causes of VFAs promotion in the PDS treated systems. However, the reductive ZVI and NZVI partially consumed the generated free radicals (i.e. SO4- and/or OH), which possess strong oxidative potentials and are the main contributors to extracellular polymeric substances disintegration in WAS. This consumption of free radicals accounted for the lower efficiency of solubilization and hydrolysis and consequently reduced VFAs production in the PDS/NZVI and PDS/ZVI reactors compared with that in PDS/Fe2+ reactor. Moreover, the treatment of PDS activated by different forms of iron improved the VSS reduction extent and dewaterability of fermented sludge compared with that of the control, which is advantageous to the ultimate disposal of WAS.

7.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(2): 1837-1847, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808612

RESUMO

Suboptimal health status (SHS), a physical state between health and disease, is a subclinical and reversible stage of chronic disease. Previous studies have shown alterations in the intestinal microbiota in patients with some chronic diseases. This study aimed to investigate the association between SHS and intestinal microbiota in a case-control study with 50 SHS individuals and 50 matched healthy controls. Intestinal microbiota was analysed by MiSeq 250PE. Alpha diversity of intestinal microbiota in SHS individuals was higher compared with that of healthy controls (Simpson index, W = 2238, P = .048). Beta diversity was different between SHS and healthy controls (P = .018). At the phylum level, the relative abundance of Verrucomicrobia was higher in the SHS group than that in the controls (W = 2201, P = .049). Compared with that of the control group, nine genera were significantly higher and five genera were lower in abundance in the SHS group (all P < .05). The intestinal microbiota, analysed by a random forest model, was able to distinguish individuals with SHS from the controls, with an area under the curve of 0.79 (95% confidence interval: 0.77-0.81). We demonstrated that the alteration of intestinal microbiota occurs with SHS, an early stage of disease, which might shed light on the importance of intestinal microbiota in the primary prevention of noncommunicable chronic diseases.

8.
J Virol ; 94(4)2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776271

RESUMO

Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) late expression factor 5 (LEF5) is highly conserved in all sequenced baculovirus genomes and plays an important role in production of infectious viral progeny. In this study, nucleolar localization of AcMNPV LEF5 was characterized. Through transcriptome analysis, we identified two putative nucleolar proteins, Spodoptera frugiperda nucleostemin (SfNS) and fibrillarin (SfFBL), from Sf9 cells. Immunofluorescence analysis demonstrated that SfNS and SfFBL were localized to the nucleolus. AcMNPV infection resulted in reorganization of the nucleoli of infected cells. Colocalization of LEF5 and SfNS showed that AcMNPV LEF5 was localized to the nucleolus in Sf9 cells. Bioinformatic analysis revealed that basic amino acids of LEF5 are enriched at residues 184 to 213 and may contain a nucleolar localization signal (NoLS). Green fluorescent protein (GFP) fused to NoLS of AcMNPV LEF5 localized to the nucleoli of transfected cells. Multiple-point mutation analysis demonstrated that amino acid residues 197 to 204 are important for nucleolar localization of LEF5. To identify whether the NoLS in AcMNPV LEF5 is important for production of viral progeny, a lef5-null AcMNPV bacmid was constructed; several NoLS-mutated LEF5 proteins were reinserted into the lef5-null AcMNPV bacmid with a GFP reporter. The constructs containing point mutations at residues 185 to 189 or 197 to 204 in AcMNPV LEF5 resulted in reduction in production of infectious viral progeny and occlusion body yield in bacmid-transfected cells. Together, these data suggested that AcMNPV LEF5 contains an NoLS, which is important for nucleolar localization of LEF5, progeny production, and occlusion body production.IMPORTANCE Many viruses, including human and plant viruses, target nucleolar functions as part of their infection strategy. However, nucleolar localization for baculovirus proteins has not yet been characterized. In this study, two nucleolar proteins, SfNS and SfFBL, were identified in Sf9 cells. Our results showed that Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) infection resulted in redistribution of the nucleoli of infected cells. We demonstrated that AcMNPV late expression factor 5 (LEF5) could localize to the nucleolus and contains a nucleolar localization signal (NoLS), which is important for nucleolar localization of AcMNPV LEF5 and for production of viral progeny and yield of occlusion bodies.

9.
Int Ophthalmol ; 40(1): 213-225, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571091

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the predictive factors of postoperative myopic regression among subjects who have undergone laser-assisted subepithelial keratomileusis (LASEK), laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flap created with a mechanical microkeratome (MM), and LASIK flap created with a femtosecond laser (FS). All recruited patients had a manifest spherical equivalence (SE) from - 6.0D to - 10.0D myopia. METHODS: This retrospective, observational case series study analyzed outcomes of refraction at 1 day, 1 week, and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Predictors affecting myopic regression and other covariates were estimated with the Cox proportional hazards model for the three types of surgeries. RESULTS: The study enrolled 496 eyes in the LASEK group, 1054 eyes in the FS-LASIK group, and 910 eyes in the MM-LASIK group. At 12 months, from - 6.0D to - 10.0D myopia showed that the survival rates (no myopic regression) were 52.19%, 59.12%, and 58.79% in the MM-LASIK, FS-LASIK, and LASEK groups, respectively. Risk factors for myopic regression included thicker postoperative central corneal thickness (P ≦ 0.01), older age (P ≦ 0.01), aspherical ablation (P = 0.02), and larger transitional zone (TZ) (P = 0.03). Steeper corneal curvature (Kmax) (P = 0.01), thicker preoperative central corneal thickness (P < 0.01), smaller preoperative myopia (P < 0.01), longer duration of myopia (P = 0.02), with contact lens (P < 0.01), and larger optical zone (OZ) (P = 0.02) were protective factors. Among the three groups, the MM-LASIK had the highest risk of postoperative myopic regression (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The MM-LASIK group experienced the highest myopic regression, followed by the FS-LASIK and LASEK groups. Older age, aspheric ablation used, thicker postoperative central corneal thickness, and enlarging TZ contribute to myopic regression; steeper preoperative corneal curvature (Kmax), longer duration of myopia, with contact lens, thicker preoperative central corneal thickness, lower manifest refraction SE, and enlarging OZ prevent postoperative myopic regression in myopia from - 6.0D to - 10.0D.

10.
Pharmacol Res ; 151: 104488, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734344

RESUMO

The incidence of ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) is increasing yearly, which seriously endangers human health. There is rarely any remarkable progress in the treatment of ICM from the available drugs. Recent research shows that natural herbal medicine may have beneficial effects in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. The effective extracts of the herbs may improve myocardial ischemia through various actions, such as hemodynamic, hemorheological, and vascular actions, and on various cell biology aspects, such as intracellular calcium balance, mitochondria function, cell apoptosis, and scavenging free radicals. Here, we review the animal research progress and potential mechanisms in the treatment of ICM using extracts of well-known traditional Chinese herbal medicines.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; 383: 121176, 2020 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525683

RESUMO

Anaerobic digestion is a promising approach for waste activated sludge (WAS) disposal. However, a wide range of exogenous pollutants (e.g. heavy metals, nanoparticles) exists in WAS and their influences on anaerobic digestion are neglected. This study investigates the correlations between exogenous pollutants and anaerobic digestion performance. The results indicate that exogenous pollutants exhibit dose-dependent influences on WAS digestion. Most of the pollutants improve the performance of anaerobic digestion by partially or wholly promoting the hydrolysis, acidification and methanogenesis processes at low dose, but exhibit negative effects at high levels due to their toxicity. Generally, methanogens are more vulnerable than those hydrolytic and acidogenic bacteria. Poly-aluminum chloride and polyacrylamide show strong inhibition on WAS digestion, which are primarily attributed to their physical enmeshments of organic matters in WAS. The synergistic effects of different mixed pollutants and the mitigating strategies for typical pollutants inhibition deserve more attention in light of WAS anaerobic digestion.

12.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol ; 27(3): 177-185, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878825

RESUMO

Purpose: To determine the predictive factors of postoperative myopic regression in subjects who have undergone laser-assisted subepithelial keratomileusis (LASEK), laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with flaps created using a mechanical microkeratome (MM) or LASIK with flaps created using a femtosecond (FS) laser for -0.50 D to -6.0 D myopia.Materials and Methods: This study was designed as a retrospective comparison. We included 236 eyes in the LASEK group, 1,178 eyes in the MM-LASIK group and 1,333 eyes in the FS-LASIK group. Refractive outcomes were recorded at one day; one week; and one, three, six and 12 months postoperatively. Predictors affecting myopic regression and other covariates were estimated using a Cox proportional hazards model for the three methods of surgery.Results: At 12 months, the survival rates (no myopic regression) were 63.36%, 74% and 77% in the MM-LASIK, LASEK, and FS-LASIK groups, respectively. Risk factors for myopic regression were indicated for patients with greater preoperative central corneal thicknesses (CCT) (P = .02), female patients (P < .01), patients with aspherical ablations (P = .01) and those with larger transitional zones (TZ) (P < .01). Among the three surgeries, MM-LASIK had a significantly higher probability of postoperative myopic regression (P < .01). Longer durations of myopia (P = .03), steeper corneal curvatures (Kmax) (P < .01) and larger optical zones (OZ) (P < .01) were protective factors.Conclusion: MM-LASIK had the highest risk for myopic regression. OZ, TZ, aspherical ablations, preoperative corneal curvatures and being a female patient had significant influence on myopic regression in -0.50 D to -6.0 D myopia.

13.
J Infect Chemother ; 26(1): 63-68, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405785

RESUMO

Antituberculosis drug-induced adverse drug reactions (ADRs) has been attached the increasing attention currently. And many host genetic determinants of ADRs have been identified. However, the possible relationship between long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and ADRs is little investigated in tuberculosis (TB). We conducted a prospective survey and comprehensively collected the information of diverse ADRs during antituberculosis therapy. Next, we analyzed whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within lncRNA AC079767.4 gene are associated with ADRs development of patients with TB. Our results showed that the overall occurrence rate of ADRs due to TB treatment was 16.39% (70/427), of which the anti-tuberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity (ATDH) constituted the most common adverse events with prevalence rate of 12.88% (55/427). Notably, TB patients carrying T allele-containing genotypes in rs1055229 locus potentially presented a greater risk (1.85-fold, 95%CI = 1.04-3.28) for developing ATDH when compared with those CC genotype carriers, 17.28% versus. 10.19%, respectively, with the age- and gender -adjusted p-value of 0.035. Our data suggest that the ADRs exhibit serious morbidity in TB patients in West China, and for the first time we show that the AC079767.4 rs1055229 is a potential genetic risk component for ATDH development. Further studies on larger population and other ethnic groups are needed to confirm our results.

14.
BMC Pulm Med ; 19(1): 237, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818300

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in awake, spontaneously breathing and non-intubated patients (awake ECMO) may be a novel therapeutic strategy for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients. The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility and safety of awake ECMO in severe ARDS patients receiving prolonged ECMO (> 14 days). METHODS: We describe our experience with 12 consecutive severe ARDS patients (age, 39.1 ± 16.4 years) supported with awake ECMO to wait for native lung recovery during prolonged ECMO treatment from July 2013 to January 2018. Outcomes are reported including the hospital mortality, ECMO-related complications and physiological data on weaning from invasive ventilation. RESULTS: The patients received median 26.0 (15.5, 64.8) days of total ECMO duration in the cohort. The longest ECMO support duration was 121 days. Awake ECMO and extubation was implemented after median 10.2(5.0, 42.9) days of ECMO. Awake ECMO was not associated with increased morbidity. The total invasive ventilation duration, lengths of stay in the ICU and hospital in the cohort were 14.0(12.0, 37.3) days, 33.0(22.3, 56.5) days and 46.5(27.3, 84.8) days, respectively. The hospital mortality rate was 33.3% (4/12) in the cohort. Survivors had more stable respiratory rate and heart rate after extubation when compared to the non-survivors. CONCLUSIONS: With carefully selected patients, awake ECMO is a feasible and safe strategy for severe pulmonary ARDS patients receiving prolonged ECMO support to wait for native lung recovery.

15.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(6): 872-877, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between the copy numbers of repetitive units at variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) loci of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) with its diversity of protein profiles. METHODS: The MTBC strains were subjected to genotyping using multiple locus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA). Also, the principal component analysis (PCA) was performed for bacterial protein profiles of MTBC using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The relationship between the polymorphism of VNTR loci and PCA clustering was analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 157 MTBC strains were collected. 146 MTBC strains (MS identification score values ≥1.700) were performed PCA and three clusters, clusterⅠ(61 strains), clusterⅡ(26 strains) and cluster Ⅲ(59 strains), were generated. Polymorphic diversities were observed in 24 VNTR loci, among them, 7 were highly various, 7 were moderately, and 10 were low various. The polymorphism of Mtub39, QUB26 and QUB4156 loci were correlated with the results of MALDI-TOF MS clustering (P=0.000, P=0.035, P=0.017). CONCLUSION: The polymorphism of Mtub39, QUB26 and QUB4156 loci in MTBC was correlated with the difference of MALDI-TOF MS protein profiles, suggesting that these loci may play a role in regulating the composition of protein profiles of MTBC strains.


Assuntos
Repetições Minissatélites , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Genótipo , Polimorfismo Genético , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz
16.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1219, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736745

RESUMO

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a leading cause of mortality in patients with diabetes. DCM is a leading cause of mortality in patients with diabetes. We used both in vitro and in vivo experiments to investigate the hypothesis that sophocarpine (SPC), a natural quinolizidine alkaloid derived from a Chinese herb, could protect against DCM. We used hyperglycemic myocardial cells and a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetes mellitus mouse model. SPC protected myocardial cells from hyperglycemia-induced injury by improving mitochondrial function, suppressing inflammation, and inhibiting cardiac apoptosis. The SPC treatment significantly inhibited the activation of nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) signaling in high-glucose-stimulated inflammatory responses. Moreover, SPC significantly slowed the development and progression of DCM in STZ-induced diabetic mice. These results show that SPC suppresses NF-κB-mediated inflammation both in vitro and in vivo and may be used to treat DCM.

18.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0222033, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnane X receptor (PXR) regulates the expression of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transport enzymes. NF-κB not only plays a role in liver homeostasis and injury-healing processes by regulating inflammatory responses but may also regulate the transcription of PXR. Currently, genetic polymorphisms in PXR are associated with adverse drug effects. Because little is known about the association between NF-κB1 genetic polymorphisms and adverse drug reactions, we explored the association between PXR and NF-κB1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and susceptibility to anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury (ATDILI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 746 tuberculosis patients (118 with ATDILI and 628 without ATDILI) were prospectively enrolled at West China Hospital between December 2014 and April 2018. Nine selected SNPs (rs3814055, rs13059232, rs7643645 and rs3732360 in PXR and rs78872571, rs4647992, rs60371688, rs1598861 and rs3774959 in NF-κB1) were genotyped with a custom-designed 2x48-plex SNP Scan TM Kit. The frequencies of the alleles, genotypes and genetic models of the variants were compared between patients with or without ATDILI, while joint effect analysis of the SNP-SNP interactions was performed using multiplicative and additive models. The odds ratios (ORs) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. RESULTS: The T allele of rs3814055 in PXR was associated with a decreased risk for ATDILI (OR 0.61; 95% CI: 0.42-0.89, p = 0.0098). The T alleles of rs78872571 and rs4647992 in NF-κB1 were significantly associated with an increased risk for ATDILI (OR 1.91; 95% CI: 1.06-3.43, p = 0.028 and OR 1.81; 1.06-3.10, p = 0.029, respectively). The allele, genotype and genetic model frequencies were similar in the two groups for the other six SNPs (all P>0.05). There were no multiplicative or additive interactions between the SNPs. CONCLUSION: Our study is the first to reveal that rs3814055 variants in PXR and rs78872571 and rs4647992 variants in NF-κB1 are associated with susceptibility to ATDILI caused by first-line anti-tuberculosis combination treatment in the Han Chinese population.

19.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 60(12): 4033-4040, 2019 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560768

RESUMO

Purpose: To determine the prevalence of fundus tessellation and associations with ocular and systemic parameters among junior students from Greater Beijing. Methods: The school-based study included 1443 individuals with a mean age of 12.4 ± 0.5 years (range: 9-16 years). All participants underwent a comprehensive ophthalmic examination and an interview. Fundus tessellation, defined as variation in the visibility of large choroidal vessels, was differentiated into three grades. Results: The prevalence and degree of fundus tessellation were 688/1430 (48.1%; 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 45.5%, 50.7%) and 0.54 ± 0.61 (median, 0.00; range, 0-3), respectively. In multivariable regression analysis, a higher degree of fundus tessellation was associated with reduced subfoveal choroidal thickness (P < 0.001; beta, -0.02; odds ratio [OR], 0.98; 95% CI: 0.98, 0.99) and longer axial length (P < 0.001; beta, 0.23; OR, 1.25; 95% CI: 1.10, 1.43). Subfoveal choroidal thickness decreased from 299 ± 61 µm (95% CI: 293, 304) in eyes without fundus tessellation to 246 ± 57 µm (95% CI: 241, 251), 197 ± 43 µm (95% CI: 187, 207), and 131 ± 30 µm (95% CI: 93, 168) in eyes with grade 1, 2, and 3 fundus tessellation, respectively. A higher degree of peripapillary fundus tessellation was associated with reduced subfoveal choroidal thickness (P < 0.001; beta, -0.02; OR, 0.98; 95% CI: 0.98, 0.99) and younger age at myopia onset (P = 0.008; beta, 0.41; OR, 1.51; 95% CI: 1.11, 2.04). Conclusions: The prevalence of fundus tessellation is relatively high in Chinese teenagers. As in adults, the degree of fundus tessellation is a surrogate for choroidal thickness in teenagers. Marked fundus tessellation indicates a leptochoroid and is associated with earlier myopia onset.


Assuntos
Doenças da Coroide/epidemiologia , Corioide/irrigação sanguínea , Fundo de Olho , Miopia/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/etnologia , Pequim/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Acuidade Visual
20.
OMICS ; 23(12): 640-648, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393219

RESUMO

Aberrant immunoglobulin G (IgG) N-glycosylation offers new prospects to detect changes in cell metabolism and by extension, for biomarker discovery in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, past studies did not analyze the individual IgG subclasses in relation to T2DM pathophysiology. We report here original findings through a comparison of the IgG subclass-specific fragment crystallizable (Fc) glycan biosignatures in 115 T2DM patients with 122 healthy controls within the Uyghur population in China. IgG Fc glycosylation profiles were analyzed using nano-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to exclude changes attributed to fragment antigen binding N-glycosylation. After correction for clinical covariates, 27 directly measured and 4 derived glycan traits of the IgG subclass-specific N-glycopeptides were significantly associated with T2DM. Furthermore, we observed in T2DM a decrease in bisecting N-acetylglucosamine of IgG2 and agalactosylation of IgG4, and an increase in sialylation of IgG4 and digalactosylation of IgG2. Classification model based on IgG subclass-specific N-glycan traits was able to distinguish patients with T2DM from controls with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.927 (95% confidence interval 0.894-0.960, p < 0.001). In conclusion, a robust association between the IgG subclass-specific Fc N-glycomes and T2DM was observed in the Uyghur population sample in China, suggesting a potential for the IgG Fc glycosylation as a biomarker candidate for type 2 diabetes. The integration of glycomics with other system science biomarkers might offer further hope for innovation in diagnosis and treatment of T2DM in the future. Finally, it is noteworthy that "Population Glycomics" is an emerging approach to biomarker discovery for common complex diseases.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA