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1.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 185-193, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190335

RESUMO

Cervical cancer (CC) is a prevalent malignancy in women, with the feature of metastasis and easy recurrence is responsible for a large proportion of global cancer deaths. Radiotherapy is one of the common treatment tools for CC patients with unresectable tumors. However, radio-resistance in patients could be a major reason for recurrence. Therefore, it is of significance to tunnel the molecular mechanism of radio-resistance in CC. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are increasingly reported in the regulation of cancer progression and cellular response to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. miR-4429 is a newly discovered miRNA acting as a tumor-suppressor gene in multiple cancers, but its function in CC has never been explored yet. The current study tried to explore the role of miR-4429 in cell radio-sensitivity in CC. First, we validated the downregulation of miR-4429 in CC cells. Importantly, the association of miR-4429 with radio-resistance was validated by identifying the downregulation of miR-4429 in radio-resistant CC cells. Gain- and loss-of-function assays validated that miR-4429 sensitized CC cells to irradiation. Through bioinformatics tools, RAD51 recombinase (RAD51) was identified to be a target for miR-4429. RAD51 is known to be a crucial regulator for DNA damage repair and has been reported to influence cell radio-resistance in cancers, including in CC. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed the interaction between miR-4429 and RAD51. Finally, rescue assays indicated that miR-4429 promoted CC cell radio-sensitivity through RAD51. Consequently, our study showed that miR-4429 sensitized CC cells to irradiation by targeting RAD51, providing a potential therapeutic target for CC patients.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596294

RESUMO

Based on systematic DFT calculations, silaborane-based superhalogen anions, which obey the Wade-Mingos rule, are shown to be capable of giving rise to superacids via their combination with protons. Compared to previous carborane-based systems, the acidities of the composites here are stronger in both the gas phase and solution phase. Thus, the potential of candidates based on silaborane could be greater than those based on carborane in the search for ultra-strong acidic systems. Within a given group, a higher superhalogen anion vertical electron detachment energy (VDE) generally leads to stronger acidity. This consistency arises from the dominant role of the VDE, as established through the decomposition of the gas-phase acidity into different contributions. Thus, constructing superacids from superhalogens is a rational route whose future should be positive. Besides the VDE, other effects, i.e., the deformation energy (DE) and bond dissociation energy (BDE), could also be crucial, especially in terms of the differences between the acidities of composites belonging to different groups. A comparison between the results in the gas phase and solution phase indicates that complete calculations of both gas-phase ΔGacid and solution-phase pKa values are necessary to obtain an unbiased description of the acidity. The solvation free energies of the participants in the deprotonation process, especially the conjugate acid, are responsible for the discrepancies between gas phase and solution phase behavior.

3.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576752

RESUMO

Ammonia (NH3) emission inventories are an essential input in chemical transport models and are helpful for policy-makers to refine mitigation strategies. However, current estimates of Chinese NH3 emissions still have large uncertainties. In this study, an improved inversion estimation of NH3 emissions in China has been made using an ensemble Kalman filter and the Nested Air Quality Prediction Modeling System. By first assimilating the surface NH3 observations from the Ammonia Monitoring Network in China at a high resolution of 15 km, our inversion results have provided new insights into the spatial and temporal patterns of Chinese NH3 emissions. More enhanced NH3 emission hotspots, likely associated with industrial or agricultural sources, were captured in northwest China, where the a posteriori NH3 emissions were more than twice the a priori emissions. Monthly variations of NH3 emissions were optimized in different regions of China and exhibited a more distinct seasonality, with the emissions in summer being twice those in winter. The inversion results were well-validated by several independent datasets that traced gaseous NH3 and related atmospheric processes. These findings highlighted that the improved inversion estimation can be used to advance our understanding of NH3 emissions in China and their environmental impacts.

4.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621157

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare debilitating autoimmune disease of the connective tissue. This study aimed to assess the recent prevalence and incidence of SSc across the world. METHODS: Using a systematic search strategy, PubMed/MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched to identify relevant studies published between 2006 and 2016. Two reviewers independently evaluated studies for inclusion based on inclusion/exclusion criteria and performed data extraction. The review was conducted and reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement. The pooled prevalence of SSc was calculated by meta-analysis using a random-effects model. RESULTS: There were 1364 references retrieved using the initial searching strategy, and 20 epidemiological publications were selected for data extraction. The identified studies reported prevalence ranging from 3.8 per 100 000 in Taiwan to 50 per 100 000 in the USA. The prevalence was 23 per 100 000 (95% CI: 16-29 per 100 000; 18 studies) in a pooled sample of 11 574 individuals. Incidence rate of SSc ranges from 0.77 per 100 000 person-years in the Netherlands to 5.6 per 100 000 person-years in the USA. SSc predominates in females with higher prevalence and incidence rates. It is important to note that different methodologies were used to derive these numbers so comparisons were made with caution. CONCLUSION: This review provides an assessment of the current estimates of disease prevalence and incidence of SSc. The epidemiological burdens of SSc vary among different regions of the world. The epidemiological data need to be interpreted with caution considering the methodological differences in deriving these estimates.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660632

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) plays antidepressant-like roles in diabetic rats. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF), a neurotrophic factor, plays important regulatory roles in depression by its high-affinity tropomysin-related kinase B (TrkB) receptor. Autophagy also is implicated in modulation of depression. Previous work confirmed the modulatory roles of H2 S in BDNF protein expression and autophagy. Thus, in this study, we explored whether BDNF-TrkB pathway mediates the antidepressant-like effects of H2 S in diabetic rats and whether this process is achieved via promoting hippocampal autophagy. We demonstrated that H2 S upregulated the expressions of BDNF and p-TrkB proteins in the hippocampus of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. K252a (an inhibitor of BDNF-TrkB pathway) reversed the antidepressant-like roles of H2 S, as evidenced by the tail suspension, forced swimming, novelty suppressed feeding, and elevated plus-maze tests. Furthermore, K252a abolised H2 S-promoted hippocampal autophagy in diabetic rats, as evidenced by decrease in the number of autolysosome, downregulation of Beclin-1 (a regulator of autophagy in the early stage of the formation of autophagosomal membranes and its level is positively related with autophagic activity) expression, and upregulation of P62 (a substrate of autophagic degradation and its level is inversely correlated with autophagic activity) expression, in the hippocampus of rats co-treated with NaHS and STZ. Taken together, these data indicated that BDNF-TrkB pathway mediates the antidepressant-like roles of H2 S in diabetic rats by enhancing hippocampal autophagy.

6.
J Hum Genet ; 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636325

RESUMO

Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare disorder that affects the biogenesis or function of motile cilia resulting in chronic airway disease. PCD is genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous, with causative mutations identified in over 40 genes; however, the genetic basis of many cases is unknown. Using whole-exome sequencing, we identified three affected siblings with clinical symptoms of PCD but normal ciliary structure, carrying compound heterozygous loss-of-function variants in CFAP221. Computational analysis suggests that these variants are the most damaging alleles shared by all three siblings. Nasal epithelial cells from one of the subjects demonstrated slightly reduced beat frequency (16.5 Hz vs 17.7 Hz, p = 0.16); however, waveform analysis revealed that the CFAP221 defective cilia beat in an aberrant circular pattern. These results show that genetic variants in CFAP221 cause PCD and that CFAP221 should be considered a candidate gene in cases where PCD is suspected but cilia structure and beat frequency appear normal.

7.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(3): 328-333, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631598

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression of miRNA-148b-3p and its target gene in the placenta between normal pregnant women and pregnant women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) and to explore the possible mechanism of glucose metabolism of offspring with maternal cholestasis. Methods: There were 30 cases of normal pregnant women and 30 cases of pregnant women with ICP recruited in the study, all of whom underwent cesarean delivery from Mar. 2017 to Jan. 2018. Placenta tissues, maternal blood and cord blood were collected in each case. Maternal blood and cord blood were sent for biochemical detection. miRNA of placenta tissues was extracted and qRT-PCR was used to measure the expression of miR-148b-3p in the placenta. Normal HTR-8 cells were transfected with miR-148b-3p inhibitor/mimics wrapped with lipofectaine3000. qRT-PCR was used to measure the expression of miR-148b-3p, and Western blot was used to measure the expression of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) after transfection. Results: Maternal fasting blood glucose (FPG) and its fetal cord blood insulin levels in the ICP group were significantly higher than those of control. The expression of miR-148b-3p in the placenta of ICP group was lower than that of control group ( P<0.05). Compared with inhibitor control group, the expression of miR-148b-3p was decreased in HTR-8 cells transfected with miR-148b-3p inhibitor ( P<0.05), while the expression of GLUT1 was increased ( P<0.05). Compared with mimics control group, the expression of miR-148b-3p was increased in HTR-8 cells transfected with miR-148b-3p mimics ( P<0.05), while the expression of GLUT1 was decreased ( P<0.05). Conclusion: miR-148b-3p might participate in glucose metabolism of offspring with maternal cholestasis through the negative regulation of GLUT1 expression in placental trophoblast cells.

9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4635, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604928

RESUMO

The filamentous bacteriophage fd bind a cell target with exquisite specificity through its few copies of display peptides, whereas nanoparticles functionalized with hundreds to thousands of synthetically generated phage display peptides exhibit variable and often-weak target binding. We hypothesise that some phage peptides in a hierarchical structure rather than in monomeric form recognise and bind their target. Here we show hierarchial forms of a brain-specific phage-derived peptide (herein as NanoLigand Carriers, NLCs) target cerebral endothelial cells through transferrin receptor and the receptor for advanced glycation-end products, cross the blood-brain-barrier and reach neurons and microglial cells. Through intravenous delivery of NLC-ß-secretase 1 (BACE1) siRNA complexes we show effective BACE1 down-regulation in the brain without toxicity and inflammation. Therefore, NLCs act as safe multifunctional nanocarriers, overcome efficacy and specificity limitations in active targeting with nanoparticles bearing phage display peptides or cell-penetrating peptides and expand the receptor repertoire of the display peptide.

10.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(10): 3509-3517, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621238

RESUMO

Rehmannia glutinosa, a perennial herbaceous species, belongs to the family Scrophularia-ceae. As a staple medicinal material, its tuberous roots are highly valued in traditional Chinese medicine. However, R. glutinosa suffers from serious consecutive monoculture problems in production, which leads to a decline in both productivity and quality. Phyllosphere bacteria, the most abundant component of phyllosphere microorganisms, play crucial roles in plant growth and health. Characterization of phyllosphere bacteria could provide new insights into the mechanisms of consecutive monoculture problems and their control measures. Meanwhile, the varied taxa could be served as an important indicator of consecutive monoculture problems. The barcoded pyrosequencing of 16S rDNA genes combined with a culture-dependent approach was applied to characterize the shifts of bacterial community structure and diversity in the phyllosphere under consecutive monoculture of R. glutinosa. The results showed that consecutive monoculture clearly affected bacterial community structure in the phyllosphere. The phyllosphere bacterial communities of the two-year monocultured (TY) and the diseased plants (DP) were more similar, and different from the one-year monocultured (OY). The evenness, Shannon and Simpson diversity indices were significantly lower in TY and DP than in OY. Species annotation showed that bacterial community in R. glutinosa phyllosphere mainly consisted of Proteobacteria (91.2%), Firmicutes (5.1%) and Actinobacteria (3.7%). There was no significant difference in the number of detected bacterial taxa. However, Proteobacteria was significantly increased while Firmicutes and Actinobacteria were significantly decreased under consecutive monoculture. At the genus level, the relative abundances of genera Exiguobacterium, Bacillus and Arthrobacter, potentially beneficial microorganisms, were significantly higher in OY than that in TY and DP, but it was opposite for the genus Pseudomonas. The results from the culture-dependent approach and pathogenicity test showed that Pseudomonas plecoglossicida D9, widely isolated from the diseased leaves, was highly pathogenic to leaves. In conclusion, R. glutinosa monoculture resulted in distinct phyllosphere bacterial community variation with the accumulation of pathogen loads at the expense of beneficial microorganisms, which could contribute to the occurrence of leaf disease symptoms,and aggravate R. glutinosa replant disease in a monoculture regime.


Assuntos
Rehmannia , Bactérias , DNA Ribossômico , Raízes de Plantas , Pseudomonas
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658172

RESUMO

Oxidative low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induces endothelium senescence and promotes atherosclerosis. Ginsenoside Rb1 (gRb1) has been proved to protect HUVECs, but its effect on ox-LDL induced endothelium senescence and underlying mechanism remains unknown. This study is to explore the involvement of the SIRT1/Beclin-1/autophagy axis in the effect of gRb1 on protecting endothelium against ox-LDL induced senescence. Hyperlipidemia of Sprague Dawley rats was induced by high fat diet and gRb1 was intraperitoneal injected. Senescence model of HUVECs induced by ox-LDL was also established. The results showed that gRb1 alleviated hyperlipidemia-induced endothelium senescence and ox-LDL-induced HUVECs senescence. GRb1 also restored the reductions in SIRT1 and autophagy, which were involved in the anti-senescence effects. Beclin-1 acetylation was reduced, and the correlation between SIRT1 and Beclin-1 was increased by gRb1. Results of our study demonstrated the anti-senescence function of gRb1 against hyperlipidemia in the endothelium, and the underlying mechanism involves the SIRT1/Beclin-1/autophagy axis.

12.
J Ovarian Res ; 12(1): 90, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554511

RESUMO

Phospholipase C (PLC) can participate in cell proliferation, differentiation and aging. However, whether it has a function in apoptosis in porcine primary granulosa cells is largely uncertain. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of PLC on apoptosis of porcine primary granulosa cells cultured in vitro. The mRNA expression of BAK, BAX and CASP3, were upregulated in the cells treated with U73122 (the PLC inhibitor). The abundance of BCL2 mRNA, was upregulated, while BAX and CASP3 mRNA expression was decreased after treatment with m-3M3FBS (the PLC activator). Both the early and late apoptosis rate were maximized with 0.5 µM U73122 for 4 h. The rate of early apoptosis was the highest at 4 h and the rate of late apoptosis was the highest at 12 h in the m-3M3FBS group. The protein abundance of PLCß1, protein kinase C ß (PKCß), calmodulin-dependent protein kinaseII α (CAMKIIα) and calcineurinA (CalnA) were decreased by U73122, and CAMKIIα protein abundance was increased by m-3M3FBS. The mRNA expression of several downstream genes (CDC42, NFATc1, and NFκB) was upregulated by PLC. Our results demonstrated that apoptosis can be inhibited by altering PLC signaling in porcine primary granulosa cells cultured in vitro, and several calcium-sensitive targets and several downstream genes might take part in the processes.

13.
Cardiol Young ; 29(10): 1297-1299, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475639

RESUMO

There has been great concern with the use of radiofrequency ablation in infants since radiofrequency ablation lesions were shown to have a progressing nature in immature myocardium of animals. In this report, we present a 2-month-old infant with life-threatening medically refractory supraventricular tachycardia. Radiofrequency ablation successfully cured arrhythmia; however, late effects of radiofrequency ablation lesions resulted in a progressive mitral valve perforation requiring surgical repair.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535998

RESUMO

Video-based person re-identification (re-ID) refers to matching people across camera views from arbitrary unaligned video footages. Existing methods rely on supervision signals to optimise a projected space under which the distances between inter/intra-videos are maximised/minimised. However, this demands exhaustively labelling people across camera views, rendering them unable to be scaled in large networked cameras. Also, it is noticed that learning effective video representations with view invariance is not explicitly addressed for which features exhibit different distributions otherwise. Thus, matching videos for person re-ID demands flexible models to capture the dynamics in time-series observations and learn view-invariant representations with access to limited labeled training samples. In this paper, we propose a novel few-shot deep learning approach to videobased person re-ID, to learn comparable representations that are discriminative and view-invariant. The proposed method is developed on the variational recurrent neural networks (VRNNs) and trained adversarially to produce latent variables with temporal dependencies that are highly discriminative yet view-invariant in matching persons. Through extensive experiments conducted on three benchmark datasets, we empirically show the capability of our method in creating view-invariant temporal features and state-of-the-art performance achieved by our method.

16.
J Diabetes Complications ; 33(11): 107419, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473080

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although diabetic kidney disease (DKD) has been considered as a glomerulocentric disease in the past few decades, growing evidence demonstrated that tubular damage was indispensable in its pathogenesis and progression. This study was designed to investigate the association of urinary acidification dysfunction with the progression of DKD in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: Here the urinary acidification functions were measured from 80 participants with renal biopsy-proven DKD. The different kinds of renal tubular transportation dysfunction were analyzed, including the dysfunction of bicarbonate reabsorption, titratable acid secretion, and ammonium secretion. In addition, patients were followed up for 17 (interquartile range, 11-32) months to evaluate the effect of urinary acidification dysfunction in the progression of DKD. RESULTS: The most common urinary acidification dysfunction was the disorder of ammonium secretion, accounting for 53.75%. The more proteinuria excretion and the lower glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were observed in the urinary titratable acid disorder group than the normal group, and the same results were obtained for ammonium secretion disorder. Urine titratable acid was positively correlated with eGFR whereas it was inversely correlated with proteinuria, serum creatinine, and BUN. Moreover, 24 h urine protein, serum creatinine, BUN and cystatin C increased from DKD stage II to stage IV, whereas the eGFR and urine titratable acid decreased in the same way. Furthermore, Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression showed that the disorder of titratable acid was an independent risk factor for DKD progression. CONCLUSIONS: The dysfunction of urinary titratable acid is a potential biomarker for the severity of proteinuria, eGFR and glomerular lesions in patients with DKD. Moreover, the titratable acid disorder is an independent risk factor of the DKD progression.

17.
J Proteome Res ; 18(9): 3235-3244, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364357

RESUMO

Database searches of MS/MS spectra are the main approach to peptide/protein identification in proteomics. Since most database search engines only utilize a small portion of the original MS/MS signals for peptide detection, how to improve the quality of MS/MS signals is a primary concern for enhancement of the peptide/protein identification rate. A fundamental issue is that some noise MS signals, informative or uninformative, have to be filtered out prior to database searching. Herein, an integrative preprocessing algorithm was designed, termed pClean, which incorporates three modules to preprocess MS/MS spectra, such as the removal of isobaric-labeling related ions, the reduction in isotopic peaks, the deconvolution of ions with higher charges, and the clearance of uninformative MS/MS signals. In contrast to the currently available approaches to MS/MS data preprocessing, pClean enables treatment of MS/MS spectra with high mass accuracy and favors filtering for the labeling or nonlabeling of peptides. Data sets at various scales gained from mass spectrometers with high resolution were used to assess the quality of peptides identified after pClean treatment and to compare the pClean improvement with those of other software programs. On the basis of the analysis of peptides identified and the Mascot ion score, pClean was proven to be effective in the removal of mass spectral noise and the reduction of random matching. Compared with other software programs, pClean appeared to be beneficial in terms of preprocessing performances for the enhancement of confidence scores and the increase in peptides identified. pClean is available at https://github.com/AimeeD90/pClean_release .

18.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(35): 19104-19114, 2019 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432847

RESUMO

A series of complexes (HNgMX3), formed from superhalogen MX3 (M = Be-Ca, X = F-Br) noble gas (Ar-Rn) and the hydrogen atom, were investigated via combined high-level ab initio and DFT calculations. The high vertical electron detachment energy (VDE) of the superhalogen part will lead to charge transfer from the noble gas hydride to it. This charge transfer gives rise to attractive ionic interaction between the two components and to the existence of these complexes as local minima on the potential energy surface eventually. However, the VDE value of the superhalogen part is not always monotonically correlated with the thermodynamic/kinetic stability of the whole complexes. Therefore the superhalogen itself might not be enough to provide information for the correct prediction of the properties of the whole composites. Although there are exothermic channels of dissociation, the existence of energy barrier might ensure the existence of these Ng hydrides under certain conditions. Our analysis indicates the existence of two important factors, functioning in opposite directions, for the energy barriers along the exothermic channel. To achieve a high energy barrier, the attractive interaction between superhalogen and the H atom in the TS, which lowers the barrier, needs to be suppressed effectively. An understanding of the superhalogen-based composites will provide valuable information on the functional properties and potential application of superhalogens. The details of the interaction between different parts of these composites should be one of the areas of focus in these studies.

19.
Cell Commun Signal ; 17(1): 92, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to confirm that blocking RasGRP4 can effectively slow down the growth of DLBCL both in vitro and in vivo and ascertain the role of RasGRP4 in the prognosis of DLBCL clinically. METHODS: RasGRP4 expression levels were examined in benign tissues and lymphomas. In order to verify somatic mutation in RasGRP4 gene, cDNA sequencing was performed in DLBCL patients. RasGRP4-dependent cell proliferation, mitochondrial membrane potential, oxidative stress levels and signaling pathway changes were measured by knockdown of RasGRP4. Tumor growth was monitored in xenografted lymphoma model. Clinical data were collected to confirm the role of RasGRP4 in DLBCL. RESULTS: RasGRP4 expression was significantly elevated in DLBCL while no somatic mutations were detected of this gene in DLBCL patients. Decreased RasGRP4 significantly inhibited cell proliferation by simultaneously reducing mitosis and promoting apoptosis and increased the oxidative stress levels. Mechanistically, reduced expression of RasGRP4 decreased ERK while increased JNK expression in SUDHL-4 cells. Knockdown of RasGRP4 also significantly inhibited tumor formation in vivo. Furthermore, RasGRP4 expression levels were significantly higher in patients with larger DLBCL lesions (P = 0.0004), high-risk international prognostic index score groups (P = 0.0042), and its expression was positively correlated with maximum standardized uptake value in DLBCL (P = 0.0004). CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate the oncogenic role of RasGRP4 in DLBCL, suggesting it as a prognostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target in DLBCL.

20.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 75(Pt 8): 1073-1083, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31380790

RESUMO

Two CoII-based coordination polymers, namely poly[(µ4-biphenyl-2,2',5,5'-tetracarboxylato){µ2-1,3-bis[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl]benzene}dicobalt(II)], [Co2(C16H6O8)(C14H14N4)2]n or [Co2(o,m-bpta)(1,3-bimb)2]n (I), and poly[[aqua(µ4-biphenyl-2,2',5,5'-tetracarboxylato){1,4-bis[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl]benzene}dicobalt(II)] dihydrate], {[Co2(C16H6O8)(C14H14N4)2(H2O)2]·4H2O}n or {[Co2(o,m-bpta)(1,4-bimb)2(H2O)2]·4H2O}n (II), were synthesized from a mixture of biphenyl-2,2',5,5'-tetracarboxylic acid, i.e. [H4(o,m-bpta)], CoCl2·6H2O and N-donor ligands under solvothermal conditions. The complexes were characterized by IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction and powder X-ray diffraction analysis. The bridging (o,m-bpta)4- ligands combine with CoII ions in different µ4-coordination modes, leading to the formation of one-dimensional chains. The central CoII atoms display tetrahedral [CoN2O2] and octahedral [CoN2O4] geometries in I and II, respectively. The bis[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl]benzene (bimb) ligands adopt trans or cis conformations to connect CoII ions, thus forming two three-dimensional (3D) networks. Complex I shows a (2,4)-connected 3D network with left- and right-handed helical chains constructed by (o,m-bpta)4- ligands. Complex II is a (4,4)-connected 3D novel network with ribbon-like chains formed by (o,m-bpta)4- linkers. Magnetic studies indicate an orbital contribution to the magnetic moment of I and II due to the longer Co...Co distances. An attempt has been made to fit the χMT results to the magnetic formulae for mononuclear CoII complexes, the fitting indicating the presence of weak antiferromagnetic interactions between the CoII ions.

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