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1.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 563-572, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318050

RESUMO

Sepsis is a severe clinical disease, which is resulted from the excessive host inflammation response to the infection. Growing evidence indicates that Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia is a significant cause of sepsis, which can lead to intestinal injury, inflammation, and apoptosis. Studies have shown that miR-182-5p can serve as a tumor oncogene or a tumor suppressive microRNA in various cancers, however, its biological role in sepsis is still uninvestigated. Here, we reported that miR-182-5p was obviously increased in S. aureus pneumonia mice models. Loss of miR-182-5p inhibited intestinal damage and intestinal apoptosis as indicated by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay. In addition, we observed the lack of miR-182-5p altered the local inflammatory response to pneumonia in the intestine. Elevated tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were observed in intestinal tissue of pneumonia groups compared with the shams. Furthermore, miR-182-5p knockout (KO) pneumonia group demonstrated decreased levels of intestinal TNF-α and IL-6. Primary murine intestinal epithelial cells were isolated and cultured in our investigation. We exhibited downregulation of miR-182-5p repressed intestinal epithelial cells apoptosis and rescued the cell viability. Meanwhile, miR-182-5p caused elevated cell apoptosis and reduced cell proliferation. Moreover, the surfactant protein D (SP-D) binds with the bacterial pathogens and remove the pathogens and apoptotic bodies, which exhibits important roles in modulating immune responses. It was displayed in our study that SP-D was greatly decreased in pneumonia mice models. SP-D was predicted as a downstream target of miR-182-5p. These data concluded that miR-182-5p promoted intestinal injury in S. aureus pneumonia-induced sepsis via targeting SP-D.

2.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 18: 1533033819877977, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578133

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our aim of the study was to investigate the expression level and methylation status of the secreted frizzled-related protein 2 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and to evaluate the clinical utility of the marker. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We first used Immunohistochemistry (ICH) to explore the expression level of secreted frizzled-related protein 2 protein in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissues and adjacent normal tissues and then used methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction and bisulfite sequencing polymerase chain reaction to detect methylation status of secreted frizzled-related protein 2. RESULTS: Secreted frizzled-related protein 2 expression was notably reduced in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, whereas methylation of secreted frizzled-related protein 2 was increased in the majority of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma specimens. CONCLUSION: Sum up, we have demonstrated the abnormal DNA hypermethylation, causing reduced or absent gene expression. Methylation testing of secreted frizzled-related protein 2 using epigenetic marker may be a significative screening method for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

3.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(10): 1063-6, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621258

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of pre-acupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) on exercise-induced fatigue. METHODS: A total of 50 subjects were divided into an observation group and a control group by random number table method, 25 cases in each one. In the observation group, acupuncture was applied at Neiguan (PC 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) before exercise, once a day, consecutive 5-day treatment was required. In the control group, there was no intervention. The subjective fatigue perception score, serum levels of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase, heart rate and oxygen saturation before and after exercise were observed in the two groups. RESULTS: Compared before exercise, the subjective fatigue perception scores, serum levels of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase and heart rates after exercise were increased in the two groups (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the subjective fatigue perception score, serum levels of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase and heart rate after exercise in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in oxygen saturation before and after exercise in the two groups,there was no significant difference in oxygen saturation after exercise between the two groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Pre-acupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) can effectively reduce the subjective fatigue perception score,serum levels of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase and heart rate to improve exercise-induced fatigue.

4.
Curr Eye Res ; : 1-7, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576759

RESUMO

Purpose: The disruption of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) barrier may perform a crucial role in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR). AMPK exerts several salutary effects on photoreceptors and the RPE function and improves retina abnormalities. The current study aimed to determine whether sodium tanshinone IIA silate (STS) has an inhibitory effect on ARPE-19 cell monolayer permeability under high glucose conditions, and establish the underlying mechanism. Methods: We used a model of high glucose (25 mmol glucose, HG) condition mimicking diabetes in ARPE-19 cells, to assess the protective effects of STS. The barrier function of RPE cells were measured by Transepithelial Electrical Resistance (TEER) and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran permeability. The interaction of NF-κB p65 and p300 were tested using immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence assay. Protein levels were assayed using Western blot. Results: We found STS promoted the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) at T172 in RPE cells, and STS treatment thus inhibited ARPE-19 cell monolayer permeability under HG condition, similar to the permeability under normal glucose (5.5 mmol glucose, NG). Moreover, we found that STS obviously prevented the colocalization of NF-κB and p300, and significantly inhibited their binding, subsequent decreased ARPE-19 cell monolayer permeability. Notably, Compound C (CC), a specific inhibitor of AMPK, blocked STS-mediated inhibition of ARPE-19 cell monolayer permeability. Conclusions: STS inhibited HG-induced RPE permeability possibly through the reduction of NF-κB activation via the AMPK/p300 pathway. The protective effects of STS were attained through the suppression of p300-mediated NF-κB acetylation and STS might be utilized for treatment of DR, in terms of preventing inflammation.

5.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(11): e955, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the most severe cardiovascular diseases. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2B antisense RNA 1 (CDKN2B-AS1) is a significant susceptibility locus for cardiovascular disease by regulating inflammation response and cell cycle. The aim of this study was to assess whether CDKN2B-AS1 polymorphisms are associated with CHD risk in the Chinese Han population. METHODS: A total of 501 CHD patients and 496 healthy controls were recruited from Central South University Xiangya School of Medicine Affiliated Haikou Hospital, five CDKN2B-AS1 polymorphisms (rs10115049, rs75227345, rs2383205, rs10738606, and rs1333049) were analyzed by the Agena MassARRAY platform. The association of CDKN2B-AS1 polymorphisms and CHD risk was determined by odd ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using logistic regression. RESULTS: CDKN2B-AS1 rs10738606 was significantly associated with CHD under codominant (p = .03), dominant (p = .019), recessive (p = .010), additive (p = .003), and allele (p = .003) models. Gender-based subgroup tests showed that four polymorphisms (rs75227345, rs2383205, rs10738606 and rs1333049) were associated with CHD in males (p < .05). And age-based subgroup tests indicated that rs2383205 and rs10738606 were associated with CHD among individuals, respectively (p < .05). For CHD patients, rs1333049 decreased the risk of diabetes under heterozygote (p = .014) and dominant (p = .024) models. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, CDKN2B-AS1 polymorphisms were associated with CHD risk in the combined or subgroup tests, suggesting an important role of CDKN2B-AS1 in CHD susceptibility.

6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3582, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395884

RESUMO

Iron and light are recognized as limiting factors controlling Southern Ocean phytoplankton growth. Recent field-based evidence suggests, however, that manganese availability may also play a role. Here we examine the influence of iron and manganese on protein expression and physiology in Phaeocystis antarctica, a key Antarctic primary producer. We provide taxon-specific proteomic evidence to show that in-situ Southern Ocean Phaeocystis populations regularly experience stress due to combined low manganese and iron availability. In culture, combined low iron and manganese induce large-scale changes in the Phaeocystis proteome and result in reorganization of the photosynthetic apparatus. Natural Phaeocystis populations produce protein signatures indicating late-season manganese and iron stress, consistent with concurrently observed stimulation of chlorophyll production upon additions of manganese or iron. These results implicate manganese as an important driver of Southern Ocean productivity and demonstrate the utility of peptide mass spectrometry for identifying drivers of incomplete macronutrient consumption.

7.
Cancer Med ; 8(11): 5068-5078, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the combination of fasting blood glucose (FBG) with squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) assessments in the prediction of tumor responses to chemotherapy and pretreatment prognostication among patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) for locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC). METHODS: Data of 347 LACC patients were retrospectively reviewed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed, and areas under the curves (AUCs) were compared to evaluate the ability to predict complete response (CR) following NACT. Patients were stratified into groups with low and high levels of SCCA and FBG and combined into low- or high-SCCA and low- or high-FBG groups. Cox regression analysis was performed to identify determinants of recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: The AUCs were 0.70, 0.68, and 0.66 for SCCA, FBG, and a combination of SCCA and FBG for predicting CR following NACT, respectively; however, the differences among AUCs were not significant (P = .496). Pretreatment SCCA and FBG levels were identified as independent predictors of RFS and OS. The high-SCCA/high-FBG group showed significantly worse prognosis than the low-SCCA/low-FBG group. After adjusting for other variables, high-SCCA/high-FBG remained independently associated with an increased risk of tumor recurrence and death. CONCLUSION: SCCA, FBG, and a combination of SCCA and FBG could acceptably predict CR following NACT. Pretreatment SCCA and FBG levels were independent prognostic factors. The combination of SCCA and FBG levels refined the prognostic stratification of LACC patients, which allowed the group of patients with the highest risk of recurrence and death to be identified.

8.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 74(2): 98-104, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31356544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytochrome P450 17A1 (CYP17A1) catalyzes the formation and metabolism of steroid hormones and is required for cortisol and androgens. There is increasing evidence that CYP17A1 plays an important role in the development of coronary heart disease (CHD). However, the association of CYP17A1 polymorphisms and CHD susceptibility is still not clear. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study with 396 CHD cases and 461 healthy controls from Hainan province, China. Using the Agena MassARRAY platform, we genotyped 4 genetic variants (rs3740397, rs1004467, rs4919687, and rs3781286) in CYP17A1. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association of CYP17A1 polymorphisms with CHD risk by odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: It showed that A allele of CYP17A1 rs4919687 carried with a 1.59-fold increased risk of CHD (OR = 1.59; 95% CI = 1.26-1.99; P < 0.001). Also, rs4919687 was significantly associated with CHD risk under various models (homozygote: OR = 3.60; 95% CI = 1.64-7.83; P = 0.001; dominant: OR = 1.51; 95% CI = 1.06-2.13; P = 0.021; recessive: OR = 3.28; 95% CI = 1.51-7.14; P = 0.003; additive: OR = 1.56; 95% CI = 1.17-2.07; P = 0.002). Moreover, analysis showed that Ars1004467 Ars4919687 haplotype was a protective factor of CHD (OR = 0.64; 95% CI = 0.48-0.86; P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that CYP17A1 polymorphisms are associated with CHD susceptibility in the Hainan Han Chinese population.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 688: 380-388, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31233918

RESUMO

In freshwater aquaculture ponds, cyanobacterial blooms and microcystins (MCs) pollution have attracted considerable attention due to their toxic effects. To provide an insight into cyanobacterial problems in aquaculture ponds, MCs distribution, bioaccumulation, and Microcystis genotype succession in a fishpond were investigated from May 2017 to November 2017. The distribution of MCs in filtered water, seston, and sediment varied considerably among months. MCs concentrations in filtered water, seston, and sediment ranged from 1.16 to 3.66 µg/L, 0.64 to 13.98 µg/g DW, and 1.34 to 5.90 µg/g DW, respectively. In addition, chemical oxygen demand was positively correlated with sestonic MCs concentrations. MCs concentrations accumulated in different tissues of market-size fish were in the order of liver > kidney > intestine > muscle. MCs content in muscle was 4.3 times higher than the WHO recommended tolerable daily intake level. Twenty-four ITS genotypes of Microcystis were identified from a total of 653 sequences. During the survey period, considerable genotype variation and rapid genotype succession were observed and dominant genotype was absent. A redundancy analysis revealed that Microcystis genotypes could significantly influence the variations in the proportions of the potentially toxic Microcystis, which could in turn influence the MCs concentrations in seston.


Assuntos
Aquicultura , Monitoramento Ambiental , Microcistinas/análise , Microcystis/genética , Animais , Peixes , Microcystis/crescimento & desenvolvimento
10.
Clin Rehabil ; 33(9): 1479-1491, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081365

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate a novel pictorial-based Longshi Scale for evaluating a patient's disability by healthcare professionals and non-professionals. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Rehabilitation departments from a grade A, class 3 public hospital, a grade B, class 2 public hospital, and a private hospital and seven community rehabilitation centers. SUBJECTS: A total of 618 patients and 251 patients with functional disabilities were recruited in a two-phase study, respectively. MAIN MEASURES: Outcome measure: pictorial scale of activities of daily living (ADLs, Longshi Scale). Reference measure: Barthel Index. The Spearman correlation coefficient was used to analyze the validity of Longshi Scale against Barthel Index. RESULTS: In phase 1 study, from March 2016 to August 2016, the results demonstrated that the Longshi Scale was both reliable and valid (intraclass correlation coefficient based on two-way random effect (ICC2,1) = 0.877-0.974 for intra-rater reliability; ICC2,1 = 0.928-0.979; κ = 0.679-1.000 for inter-rater reliability; intraclass correlation coefficient based on one-way random effect (ICC1,1) = 0.921-0.984 for test-retest reliability and Spearman correlation coefficient = 0.836-0.899). In the second phase, in March 2018, results further demonstrated that the Longshi Scale had good inter-rater and intra-rater reliability among healthcare professionals and non-professionals including therapists, interns, and personal care aids (ICC1,1 = 0.822-0.882 on Day 1; ICC1,1 = 0.842-0.899 on Day 7 for inter-rater reliability). In addition, the Longshi Scale decreased assessment time significantly, compared with the Barthel Index assessment (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The Longshi Scale could potentially provide an efficient way for healthcare professionals and non-professionals who may have minimal training to assess the ADLs of functionally disabled patients.

11.
Neural Plast ; 2019: 6856327, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093272

RESUMO

Tau hyperphosphorylation is a typical pathological change in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is involved in the early onset and progression of AD. Epigenetic modification refers to heritable alterations in gene expression that are not caused by direct changes in the DNA sequence of the gene. Epigenetic modifications, such as noncoding RNA regulation, DNA methylation, and histone modification, can directly or indirectly affect the regulation of tau phosphorylation, thereby participating in AD development and progression. This review summarizes the current research progress on the mechanisms of epigenetic modification associated with tau phosphorylation.

12.
Thorac Cancer ; 10(4): 715-727, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30806032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although cigarette smoking is considered one of the key risk factors for lung cancer, 15% of male patients and 53% of female patients with lung cancer are non-smokers. Metabolic changes are critical features of cancer. Therapeutic target identification from a metabolic perspective in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissue of female non-smokers has long been ignored. RESULTS: Based on microarray data retrieved from Affymetrix expression arrays E-GEOD-19804, we found that the downregulated genes in non-smoking female NSCLC patients tended to participate in protein/amino acid and lipid metabolism, while upregulated genes were more involved in protein/amino acid and carbohydrate metabolism. Combining nutrient metabolic co-expression, protein-protein interaction network construction and overall survival assessment, we identified NR4A1 and TIE1 as potential therapeutic targets for NSCLC in female non-smokers. To accelerate the drug development for non-smoking female NSCLC patients, we identified nilotinib as a potential agonist targeting NR4A1 encoded protein by molecular docking and molecular dynamic stimulation. We also show that nilotinib inhibited proliferation and induced senescence of cells in non-smoking female NSCLC patients in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: These results not only uncover nutrient metabolic characteristics in non-smoking female NSCLC patients, but also provide a new paradigm for identifying new targets and drugs for novel therapy for such patients.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(1)2019 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30626082

RESUMO

The pine wood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, is the pathogen of pine wilt disease (PWD), resulting in huge losses in pine forests. However, its pathogenic mechanism remains unclear. The cathepsin L-like cysteine proteinase (CPL) genes are multifunctional genes related to the parasitic abilities of plant-parasitic nematodes, but their functions in PWN remain unclear. We cloned three cpl genes of PWN (Bx-cpls) by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) and analyzed their characteristics using bioinformatic methods. The tissue specificity of cpl gene of PWN (Bx-cpl) was studied using in situ mRNA hybridization (ISH). The functions of Bx-cpls in development and pathogenicity were investigated using real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) and RNA interference (RNAi). The results showed that the full-length cDNAs of Bx-cpl-1, Bx-cpl-2, and Bx-cpl-3 were 1163 bp, 1305 bp, and 1302 bp, respectively. Bx-cpls could accumulate specifically in the egg, intestine, and genital system of PWN. During different developmental stages of PWN, the expression of Bx-cpls in the egg stage was highest. After infection, the expression levels of Bx-cpls increased and reached their highest at the initial stage of PWD, then declined gradually. The silencing of Bx-cpl could reduce the feeding, reproduction, and pathogenicity of PWN. These results revealed that Bx-cpls play multiple roles in the development and pathogenic processes of PWN.


Assuntos
Catepsina L/genética , Pinus/parasitologia , Tylenchida/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Tylenchida/patogenicidade , Animais , Catepsina L/metabolismo , Comportamento Alimentar , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Filogenia , Doenças das Plantas/parasitologia , Interferência de RNA , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reprodução/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tylenchida/enzimologia , Tylenchida/genética
14.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(3): e550, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30623606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Regulator of telomere elongation helicase 1 (RTEL1), a telomere length-related gene, is closely linked to cancer and age-related diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms in the RTEL1 gene and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. METHODS: In this case-control study, which includes samples from 596 CHD patients and 603 healthy controls, five SNPs in RTEL1 were selected. The genotypes were studied using the Agena MassARRAY platform, and the statistical analyses were performed using the chi-square and Fisher's exact tests, genetic model analysis, and haplotype analysis. RESULTS: In the allele model, using the chi-square test, we found that the patients with the "G" allele of rs6010620 and the "C" allele of rs4809324 in the RTEL1 gene showed a decreased risk of CHD once the results were adjusted for age and gender. In the genetic model, logistic regression analyses revealed that the rs6010620 polymorphism conferred a decreased risk of CHD in the codominant model (OR = 0.52, 95% CI: 0.31-0.88, p = 0.007 for the "G/G" genotype) and the recessive model (OR = 0.49, 95% CI: 0.30-0.80, p = 0.004 for the "G/G" genotype). In addition, the haplotype "Grs6010620 Trs6010621 Trs4809324 " of RTEL1 was associated with a 0.03-fold decreased risk of CHD once the results were adjusted for age and gender (OR = 0.03, 95% CI: 0.01-0.12, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Our findings have demonstrated that the genetic variants of RTEL1 may have a protective role against CHD risk.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/genética , DNA Helicases/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
15.
Carbohydr Polym ; 206: 319-327, 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30553328

RESUMO

Inspired by the hierarchical structure of natural nacre, a binary artificial nacre with excellent mechanical performance, tensile strength and toughness was successfully constructed based on water-soluble cellulose acetate (WSCA) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO). The tensile strength and toughness of the hybrid films were markedly improved by the introduction of rGO, and the tensile strength and toughness of the rGO/WSCA composite films reached 499.3 MPa and 9.6 MJ/m3 (rGO-WSCA-III), respectively, which are approximately 5.0 and 5.3 times that of natural nacre. In addition, the hybrid rGO/WSCA films showed better flame retardancy and stability in water, and high electrical conductivity. In this study, we provide a strategy to design and fabricate exceptionally strong and tough artificial nacre, which has potential application in tissue engineering and as a humidity sensor.

16.
Food Chem ; 270: 573-578, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30174088

RESUMO

A novel simple, sensitive and reliable sensor based on S1 nuclease, FAM-labeled ssDNA (DNA-F) and graphene oxide (GO) was developed for detecting adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and evaluating the freshness of meat (beef) samples. With S1 nuclease as the cleaver of DNA-F and ATP as the inhibitor of S1 nuclease, the fluorescence of DNA-F could be obviously quenched by GO, which exhibits the fluorescence of system gradually decrease as the increasing ATP concentration. Under the optimal conditions, a linear correlation between the fluorescence and the ATP concentration from 20 µM to 3500 µM is obtained with a detection limit of 3.2 µM. Furthermore, the proposed ATP detection method was applied to the ATP detection in microorganisms in meat samples, which acquired the satisfying results, respectively.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina/análise , Carne/análise , Carne/normas , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes , Grafite , Limite de Detecção , Óxidos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
17.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 89(11): 115102, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30501286

RESUMO

In the in-motion alignment of a strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS), the unscented Kalman filter (UKF) is usually used to solve non-linear problems. The measurement noise covariance R has a direct influence on the filtering results of the alignment of the SINS. The measurement noise is assumed to follow Gaussian distribution with a constant covariance R . However, these assumptions are often not realistic, neither the Gaussianity nor the constant covariance. This will degrade the performance of the UKF. To solve this problem, this paper proposes a novel adaptive robust UKF (NARUKF). In the NARUKF, a sliding window is used in estimating the covariance R in real-time. The NARUKF is divided into three main steps, the first step is to use the Mahalanobis distance algorithm to robustify the UKF. The second step is to use the projection statistics algorithm to reweight the abnormal stored innovations. Finally, the covariance R is adaptively estimated. The simulation and experimental results for the problem of the body frame velocity aided SINS in-motion alignment under heavier-tail distribution and/or outlier conditions demonstrate the superiority of the proposed method over the traditional ones.

18.
Biosci Rep ; 38(6)2018 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30341239

RESUMO

Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the most common gynecologic malignancies in the world. The incidence and mortality keep high in some remote and poor medical condition regions in China. In order to improve the current situation and promote the pathologists' diagnostic accuracy of CC in such regions, we tried to propose an intelligent and efficient classification model for CC based on convolutional neural network (CNN) with relatively simple architecture compared with others. The model was trained and tested by two groups of image datasets, respectively, which were original image group with a volume of 3012 datasets and augmented image group with a volume of 108432 datasets. Each group has a number of fixed-size RGB images (227*227) of keratinizing squamous, non-keratinizing squamous, and basaloid squamous. The method of three-folder cross-validation was applied to the model. And the classification accuracy of the models, overall, 93.33% for original image group and 89.48% for augmented image group. The improvement of 3.85% has been achieved by using augmented images as input data for the model. The results got from paired-samples ttest indicated that two models' classification accuracy has a significant difference (P<0.05). The developed scheme we proposed was useful for classifying CCs from cytological images and the model can be served as a pathologist assistance to improve the doctor's diagnostic level of CC, which has a great meaning and huge potential application in poor medical condition areas in China.

19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(10)2018 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30274167

RESUMO

Exosomes released by cells can serve as vehicles for delivery of biological materials and signals. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are non-coding RNAs longer than 200 nt, which roles are increasingly appreciated in various biological content. Tumor-derived exosomal lncRNAs have been implicated as signaling mediators to orchestrate cell function among neighbor tumor cells. However, the role of tumor-derived lncRNAs in cross-talk with environmental macrophages has yet to be explored. In this paper, we demonstrated that hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells⁻derived exosomes contain elevated levels of lncRNA TUC339 and that HCC-derived exosomes could be taken up by THP-1 cells. In seeking to dissect the biological function of tumor secreting TUC339 in macrophages, we applied loss-of-function and gain-of-function strategies. We observed increased pro-inflammatory cytokine production, increased co-stimulatory molecule expression, and enhanced phagocytosis upon suppression of TUC339 by siRNA in THP-1 cells, and the opposite effect upon over-expression of this lncRNA, which indicates that TUC339 was involved in the regulation of macrophage activation. Moreover, we detected an elevated level of TUC339 in M(IL-4) macrophages as compared to M(IFN-γ + LPS) macrophages and a down-regulation of TUC339 expression during M(IL-4)-to-M(IFN-γ + LPS) repolarization and vice versa. Furthermore, suppression of TUC339 in macrophages diminished the expression of M(IL-4) markers upon IL-4 treatment while overexpression of TUC339 in macrophages enhanced M(IL-4) markers upon IFN-γ + LPS treatment, which suggests a critical function of TUC339 in the regulation of macrophage M1/M2 polarization. Lastly, using microarray analysis, we identified cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, CXCR chemokine receptor binding, Toll-like receptor signaling, FcγR-mediated phagocytosis, regulation of the actin cytoskeleton, and cell proliferation are related with TUC339 function in macrophages. Our results provide evidence for a novel regulatory function of tumor-derived exosomal lncRNA TUC339 in environmental macrophages and shed light on the complicated interactions between tumor and immune cells through exosomal lncRNAs.

20.
Pathol Res Pract ; 214(11): 1818-1824, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30228024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Homeobox C6 (HOXC6) is one of several HOXC genes and is frequently overexpressed in multiple cancers. However, the function and mechanism of HOXC6 in glioma remain unclear. METHODS: The expression level of HOXC6 and its relationship with prognosis in glioma were determined through the TCGA database. The expressions of HOXC6 mRNA in glioblastoma tissues and normal brain tissues were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. To explore the role of HOXC6 in glioma, a lentiviral vector that expressed HOXC6-shRNA was constructed and transfected into glioma U87 cells. The expression levels of HOXC6 and WNT inhibitory factor 1 (WIF-1) in the glioma U87 cells after transfection with HOXC6-shRNA were measured by real-time PCR and Western blot. CCK-8, colony formation and EdU assays were used to measure the effects of HOXC6 on U87 cell proliferation, and flow cytometry was used to monitor the changes in the cell cycle and cell apoptosis after transfection with HOXC6-shRNA. Xenograft tumors were examined in vivo for the carcinogenic effects and prognostic value of HOXC6 in glioma tissues. RESULTS: In this study, HOXC6 was highly expressed in human glioma tissues, and a high expression of HOXC6 was associated with poor prognosis in GBM patients. We demonstrated that HOXC6 was highly expressed in human GBM tissues and three glioma cell lines. The knockdown of HOXC6 expression significantly inhibited the proliferation and colony formation ability of U87 cells by blocking cell cycle progression in the G0/G1 phase and induced apoptosis. In addition, we found that the mRNA and protein levels of WIF-1 were substantially increased after transfection with HOXC6-shRNA compared with Ctrl-shRNA in vitro. Consistent with the results of the in vitro assays, the xenograft assay and immunohistochemistry also demonstrated that in response to HOXC6 inhibition, the tumor growth and Ki-67 expression level were inhibited and the WIF-1 expression was increased in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the results of the current study indicate that HOXC6 promotes glioma U87 cell growth through the WIF-1/Wnt signaling pathway and HOXC6 might be a novel target in clinical treatment for gliomas.

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