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2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(22)2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34830217

RESUMO

Oligomannuronic acid (MOS) from seaweed has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, MOS was activated at the terminal to obtain three different graft complexes modified with sialic acid moiety (MOS-Sia). The results show that MOS-Sia addition can reduce the ß-structure formation of Aß42, and the binding effect of MOS-Sia3 is more obvious. MOS-Sia conjugates also have a better complexing effect with Ca2+ while reducing the formation of Aß42 oligomers in solutions. MOS-Sia3 (25-50 µg/mL) can effectively inhibit the activation state of BV-2 cells stimulated by Aß42, whereas a higher dose of MOS-Sia3 (>50 µg/mL) can inhibit the proliferation of BV-2 cells to a certain extent. A lower dose of MOS-Sia3 can also inhibit the expression of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, and other proinflammatory factors in BV-2 cells induced by Aß42 activation. In the future, the MOS-Sia3 conjugate can be used to treat Alzheimer's disease.

3.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 767-771, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622590

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the status of depression and its influencing factors in the middle-aged and older adult populations aged 45 and above in China on the basis of data from the 2018 China Family Panel Studies (CFPS), and to provide empirical evidence for the improvement of the mental health of the middle-aged and older adults and the alleviation of their depressive symptoms. Methods: The source of the research data was the 2018 CFPS. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was used to assess the prevalence of depression. A two-level two-category unconditional logistics regression method was used to analyze the influencing factors of the prevalence of depressive symptoms. Results: The 80th percentile interval score of depression score was used as the critical value, and the detection rate of depressive symptoms was 23.61%. It was more likely for women to suffer from depressive symptoms than it was for men. Widowed individuals were at an even higher risk for having depression. The more education one had, the lower the possibility of developing depression. Middle-aged and older adults in rural areas were more likely to suffer from depression. Middle-aged and older adults with chronic diseases and self-rated poor health were at higher risk of depression. Sleep time is a protective factor that suppressed symptoms. After controlling the above-mentioned individual-level factors, middle-aged and older adults in coastal and economically developed areas were less likely to suffer from depression than those from inland and economically underdeveloped areas did. Conclusion: The health departments concerned should focus on the depressive symptoms of women, widowed individuals, and middle-aged and older adults with chronic diseases. In rural areas and underdeveloped inland regions, the state should invest more health resources in the prevention and improvement of depression among middle-aged and older adults.


Assuntos
Depressão , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência
4.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 778-782, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622592

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the influence of social capital on the quality of life of patients with chronic non-communicable diseases. Methods: A multi-phase stratified cluster sampling method was adopted to select the survey respondents. Professionally trained surveyors made home visits in order to conduct face-to-face questionnaire surveys in person. European Quality of Life Five Dimension Five Level Scale (EQ-5D-5L) and a self-developed social capital scale were used to investigate the quality of life and social capital of the respondents. Factor analysis and Cronbach's α coefficient test were done to verify the reliability and validity of the self-developed social capital scale. The χ 2 test and robust Tobit regression model were used to analyze the impact of social capital on the quality of life of patients with chronic non-communicable diseases. Results: The self-developed social capital scale showed excellent performance. The Cronbach's α coefficient was 0.728, the KMO value was 0.716, and the result of Bartlett's test of sphericity was statistically significant ( P<0.001), indicating that the data were well suited for factor analysis. The four common factors cumulatively explained 68.27% of the total variation. The health utility value of the survey respondents was 0.869±0.181. Those who could walk around, shower and dress themselves, and perform usual activities without any problem accounted for 75.70%, 80.10%, and 74.1% of the respondents, respectively. Those who had pain or discomfort and anxiety or depression, with no self-perceived problem were 43.40% and 58.90%, respectively. In the EQ-5D-5L scale, the self-rated health influencing factors of the physical health dimension were community safety and interpersonal network relationships. The influencing factors of social function health was community safety and mental health was affected by community safety, community trust and interpersonal network relationships. When community safety improved by one level, the health utility value of patients with chronic non-communicable diseases increased by 0.046, and when interpersonal network relationships improved by an additional level, their health utility value increased by 0.037. Conclusion: The main problem of the quality of life of patients with chronic non-communicable diseases was found in the mental health dimension. In the process of treating chronic non-communicable diseases, attention should also be given to psychological counseling. Community safety and interpersonal network relationships are the protective factors for self-rated health status. Providing a safe community environment and expanding interpersonal networks help improve the health of patients.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Capital Social , Doença Crônica , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
5.
J Immunol ; 207(2): 534-541, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193601

RESUMO

Complement activation is an important mediator of kidney injury in glomerulonephritis. Complement factor H (FH) and FH-related protein 5 (FHR-5) influence complement activation in C3 glomerulopathy and IgA nephropathy by differentially regulating glomerular complement. FH is a negative regulator of complement C3 activation. Conversely, FHR-5 in vitro promotes C3 activation either directly or by competing with FH for binding to complement C3b. The FH-C3b interaction is enhanced by surface glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and the FH-GAG interaction is well-characterized. In contrast, the contributions of carbohydrates to the interaction of FHR-5 and C3b are unknown. Using plate-based and microarray technologies we demonstrate that FHR-5 interacts with sulfated GAGs and that this interaction is influenced by the pattern and degree of GAG sulfation. The FHR-5-GAG interaction that we identified has functional relevance as we could show that the ability of FHR-5 to prevent binding of FH to surface C3b is enhanced by surface kidney heparan sulfate. Our findings are important in understanding the molecular basis of the binding of FHR-5 to glomerular complement and the role of FHR-5 in complement-mediated glomerular disease.


Assuntos
Fator H do Complemento , Glomerulonefrite por IGA , Ativação do Complemento , Complemento C3b , Glicosaminoglicanos , Humanos
6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(21): 25461-25471, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34019374

RESUMO

The constructure of a heterostructured interface is an effective way to design highly durable and efficient water oxidation electrocatalysts. Herein, Cu/CuCN with heterointerfaces is the first synthesized case through a simple epitaxial-like growth method, displaying superior activity and stability under pH-universal media. Associated with high electron transport and transfer of the epitaxial interfacial area, the Cu/CuCN pre-catalyst is applied to deliver the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) with lower overpotentials of 250 mV (forward scan) and 380 mV (backward scan) at 10 mA cm-2 and demonstrates better intrinsic activity (jECSA of 1.0 mA cm-2 at 420 mV) and impressive stability (136 h) in 1.0 M KOH, which exceeds most previous catalysts. Even using a nominal voltage of 1.5 V of a AA battery can drive the overall water-splitting setup. Experiments combined with theoretical simulations further uncover the existence of CuO species at the heterointerface during basic OER, which is evidence of better OER performance with abundant active sites that accelerate the conversion kinetics.

7.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 586767, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791291

RESUMO

Whether or not the process of somitogenesis and myogenesis is affected by excessive caffeine intake still remains ambiguous. In this study, we first showed that caffeine treatment results in chest wall deformities and simultaneously reduced mRNA expressions of genes involved in myogenesis in the developing chicken embryos. We then used embryo cultures to assess in further detail how caffeine exposure affects the earliest steps of myogenesis, and we demonstrated that the caffeine treatment suppressed somitogenesis of chicken embryos by interfering with the expressions of crucial genes modulating apoptosis, proliferation, and differentiation of myogenic progenitors in differentiating somites. These phenotypes were abrogated by a retinoic acid (RA) antagonist in embryo cultures, even at low caffeine doses in C2C12 cells, implying that excess RA levels are responsible for these phenotypes in cells and possibly in vivo. These findings highlight that excessive caffeine exposure is negatively involved in regulating the development of myogenic progenitors through interfering with RA signaling. The RA somitogenesis/myogenesis pathway might be directly impacted by caffeine signaling rather than reflecting an indirect effect of the toxicity of excess caffeine dosage.

8.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 165, 2021 04 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33895786

RESUMO

The global spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) requires an urgent need to find effective therapeutics for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In this study, we developed an integrative drug repositioning framework, which fully takes advantage of machine learning and statistical analysis approaches to systematically integrate and mine large-scale knowledge graph, literature and transcriptome data to discover the potential drug candidates against SARS-CoV-2. Our in silico screening followed by wet-lab validation indicated that a poly-ADP-ribose polymerase 1 (PARP1) inhibitor, CVL218, currently in Phase I clinical trial, may be repurposed to treat COVID-19. Our in vitro assays revealed that CVL218 can exhibit effective inhibitory activity against SARS-CoV-2 replication without obvious cytopathic effect. In addition, we showed that CVL218 can interact with the nucleocapsid (N) protein of SARS-CoV-2 and is able to suppress the LPS-induced production of several inflammatory cytokines that are highly relevant to the prevention of immunopathology induced by SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/metabolismo , Simulação por Computador , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Modelos Biológicos , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Humanos
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 1): 142488, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022461

RESUMO

Excessive nutrient discharges and changes in nutrient ratios caused by global change and anthropogenic activities have been reported in global rivers; however, the actual alterations occurring in the Yellow River environment is too fast to catch up with. From 2001 to 2018, dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN), dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP) and dissolved silicon (DSi) concentrations showed decreasing trends in the lower Yellow River throughout the study period. Dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) concentrations increased since 2009, reaching up to 95% of the total dissolved phosphorus. Annual minimum dissolved organic nitrogen concentrations increased with time. We observed extremely low nutrient concentration events since 2014 in response to the retention effect of large reservoirs; this significantly reduced the downstream water discharge and sediment load and increased phytoplankton uptake. To further analyze the variability of nutrient fluxes, we quantified the fluxes to the Yellow River from natural (runoff, precipitation deposition, and sediment load from the Loess Plateau), anthropogenic (recharged water, fertilizer application, and vegetation coverage), social and industrial (population urbanization, GDP, and sewage effluents) sources. The highest contributions of total nutrient fluxes emptied into the Yellow River was fertilizer losing (44-48%) for DIN, sewage effluents (85-88%) for DIP, and runoff (35-65%) for DSi, respectively. Strictly controlling the amount of fertilizer and improving the application methods, improving sewage treatment technology, and vigorously promoting "green travel" might reduce nutrients emptied into the Yellow River based on the main sources of nutrients. Our study may help policy makers formulate strategies and it is possible to own a better water quality in the Yellow River.


Assuntos
Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Fertilizantes , Nitrogênio/análise , Nutrientes , Fósforo/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
12.
J Virol ; 94(24)2020 11 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999033

RESUMO

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arthritogenic alphavirus that causes debilitating musculoskeletal disease. CHIKV displays broad cell, tissue, and species tropism, which may correlate with the attachment factors and entry receptors used by the virus. Cell surface glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) have been identified as CHIKV attachment factors. However, the specific types of GAGs and potentially other glycans to which CHIKV binds and whether there are strain-specific differences in GAG binding are not fully understood. To identify the types of glycans bound by CHIKV, we conducted glycan microarray analyses and discovered that CHIKV preferentially binds GAGs. Microarray results also indicate that sulfate groups on GAGs are essential for CHIKV binding and that CHIKV binds most strongly to longer GAG chains of heparin and heparan sulfate. To determine whether GAG binding capacity varies among CHIKV strains, a representative strain from each genetic clade was tested. While all strains directly bound to heparin and chondroitin sulfate in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) and depended on heparan sulfate for efficient cell binding and infection, we observed some variation by strain. Enzymatic removal of cell surface GAGs and genetic ablation that diminishes GAG expression reduced CHIKV binding and infectivity of all strains. Collectively, these data demonstrate that GAGs are the preferred glycan bound by CHIKV, enhance our understanding of the specific GAG moieties required for CHIKV binding, define strain differences in GAG engagement, and provide further evidence for a critical function of GAGs in CHIKV cell attachment and infection.IMPORTANCE Alphavirus infections are a global health threat, contributing to outbreaks of disease in many parts of the world. Recent epidemics caused by CHIKV, an arthritogenic alphavirus, resulted in more than 8.5 million cases as the virus has spread into new geographic regions, including the Western Hemisphere. CHIKV causes disease in the majority of people infected, leading to severe and debilitating arthritis. Despite the severity of CHIKV disease, there are no licensed therapeutics. Since attachment factors and receptors are determinants of viral tropism and pathogenesis, understanding these virus-host interactions can enhance our knowledge of CHIKV infection. We analyzed over 670 glycans and identified GAGs as the main glycan bound by CHIKV. We defined specific GAG components required for CHIKV binding and assessed strain-specific differences in GAG binding capacity. These studies provide insight about cell surface molecules that CHIKV binds, which could facilitate the development of antiviral therapeutics targeting the CHIKV attachment step.


Assuntos
Vírus Chikungunya/fisiologia , Glicosaminoglicanos/metabolismo , Heparina/metabolismo , Ligação Viral , Animais , Artrite , Linhagem Celular , Febre de Chikungunya/virologia , Glucuronosiltransferase/genética , Heparitina Sulfato/metabolismo , Humanos , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Tropismo Viral
13.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(5): 691-694, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975086

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the reliability and validity of the EQ-5D-5L scale in the population of southwest China. Methods: The internal consistency reliability is measured by Cronbach's α coefficient and the structural validity is measured by factor analysis. The difference in health utility value of different characteristic populations is compared by t test and analysis of variance. Results: Cronbach's α coefficient was 0.857. Exploratory factor analysis extracts two common factors whose cumulative contribution rate is 77.311%. The first common factor represents mobility, self-care and uaual activities. The second common factor represents pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression. The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that the correlation of the two common factors was 0.659, the average variance of the first common factor was 0.862 and the combination reliability was 0.949, and the average variance extracted of the second common factor was 0.587 and the composite reliability was 0.739. The factor loadings for mobility, self-care and uaual activities on the first common factor were 0.871, 0.945 and 0.967, respectively. The loadings for pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression on the second common factor were 0.708 and 0.820, respectively. Conclusion: EQ-5D-5L has good reliability and validity when it is applied to the measurement of healthy life quality of residents in Southwest China.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Depressão , Qualidade de Vida , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , China , Depressão/diagnóstico , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Biomed Opt Express ; 11(6): 2964-2975, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32637235

RESUMO

Cerebral subdural hematomas due to trauma can easily worsen suddenly due to the rupture of blood vessels in the brain after the condition is stabilized. Therefore, continuous monitoring of the size of cerebral subdural hematomas has important clinical significance. To achieve fast, real-time, noninvasive, and accurate monitoring of subdural hematomas, a cerebral subdural hematoma monitoring method combining brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) image guidance, diffusion optical tomography technology, and deep learning is proposed in this manuscript. First, an MRI brain image is segmented to obtain a three-dimensional multi-layer brain model with structures and parameters matching a real brain. Then, a near-infrared light source and detectors (source-detector separations ranging from 0.5 to 6.5 cm) were placed on the model to achieve fast, real-time and noninvasive acquisition of intracranial hematoma information. Finally, a deep learning method is used to obtain accurate reconstructed images of cerebral subdural hematomas. The experimental results show that the reconstruction effect of stacked auto-encoder with the mean volume error of 0.1 ml is better than the result reconstructed by algebraic reconstruction techniques with the mean volume error of 0.9 ml. Under different signal-to-noise ratios, the curve fitting R2 between the actual blood volume of a simulated hematoma and a reconstructed hematoma is more than 0.95. We conclude that the proposed monitoring method can realize fast, noninvasive, real-time, and accurate monitoring of subdural hematomas, and can provide a technical basis for continuous wearable subdural hematoma monitoring equipment.

15.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 11296, 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32647348

RESUMO

With the application of fiber-reinforcement technology, the mechanical properties of silty clay are improved with fiber reinforcement. However, the variation of permeability coefficient and other parameters of flax-fiber reinforced silty clay have not been sufficiently studied. In this study, the permeability of flax-fiber reinforced silty clay soaked with zinc-contaminated solution under different osmotic pressure was tested by a flexible-wall permeameter, and the effects of zinc-ion concentration and confining pressure on the permeability of flax-fiber reinforced silty clay were studied. Genius XRF was employed to detect the types and quantity of metal elements in the specimens, thereafter, the reasons for the change of permeability were explained from chemical and microscopic perspective. The results showed that the permeability coefficient of flax-fiber reinforced silty clay decreased significantly with the increase of zinc-ion concentration in a low concentration (about 1-10 mg L-1). While in a high concentration (about 100 mg L-1), the permeability coefficient of flax-fiber reinforced silty clay changed little with the increase of zinc-ion concentration. While the flax-fiber reinforced silty clay was not soaked with zinc-ion solution, the permeability coefficient of the specimen increased with the increase of confining pressure. However, when the flax-fiber reinforced silty clay was soaked with zinc-contaminated solution, the permeability coefficient first decreased and then tended to be constant with the increase of confining pressure. With the increase of confining pressure, the porosity of flax-fiber reinforced silty clay decreased, and with the increase of zinc-ion concentration, the porosity of flax-fiber reinforced silty clay first increased and then decreased.

16.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(13): 7353-7369, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558224

RESUMO

Emerging evidence has reported that dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) participated in the development of diverse types of cancers. Our initial microarray-based analysis identified differentially expressed NEK2 related to breast cancer and predicted the regulatory microRNA-128-3p (miR-128-3p). Herein, this study aimed to characterize the tumour-suppressive role of miR-128-3p in regulating the biological characteristics of breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs). CD44+ CD24-/low cells were selected for subsequent experiments. After verification of the target relationship between miR-128-3p and NEK2, the relationship among miR-128-3p, NEK2 and BCSCs was further investigated with the involvement of the Wnt signalling pathway. The regulatory effects of miR-128-3p on proliferation, migration, invasion and self-renewal in vitro as well as tumorigenicity in vivo of BCSCs were examined via gain- and loss-of-function approaches. Highly expressed NEK2 was found in breast cancer based on GSE61304 expression profile. Breast cancer stem cells and breast cancer cells showed a down-regulation of miR-128-3p. Overexpression of miR-128-3p was found to inhibit proliferation, migration, invasion, self-renewal in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo of BCSCs, which was further validated to be achieved through inhibition of Wnt signalling pathway by down-regulating NEK2. In summary, this study indicates that miR-128-3p inhibits the stem-like cell features of BCSCs via inhibition of the Wnt signalling pathway by down-regulating NEK2, which provides a new target for breast cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Quinases Relacionadas a NIMA/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Autorrenovação Celular/genética , Feminino , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Biológicos , Quinases Relacionadas a NIMA/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Esferoides Celulares/metabolismo , Esferoides Celulares/patologia , Regulação para Cima/genética
17.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(4): 561-565, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642236

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the effects of social capital on depressive symptoms of elderly patients with chronic diseases in urbanized communities, and to explore preventive measures to promote their mental health. METHODS: A multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to extract 740 elderly patients with chronic diseases in the urbanized communities in Chengdu and Kunming. The questionnaire survey was conducted by using the center of depression rating scale (CES-D) and the self-made social capital scale. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression was used to analyze the impact of urbanized residents' social capital on depressive symptoms. RESULTS: The self-made social capital scale has good reliability and validity. The incidence of depressive symptoms in this study was 24.9%. The incidence of depressive symptoms in elderly females with chronic diseases was higher (P < 0.05); the residents with high "sense of social trust and security" had lower risk of incidence of depressive symptoms 〔odds ratio (OR)=0.489〕; the residents with higher "community belonging" had a lower risk of incidence of depressive symptoms (OR=0.570), and the residents with higher "social support" scores had a lower risk of incidence of depressive symptoms (OR=0.233). CONCLUSION: Targeted measures should be taken to intervene in the social capital factors affecting the depressive symptoms of elderly patients with chronic diseases in urbanized communities to improve their mental health.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Capital Social , Idoso , China , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana
18.
Mol Cell Proteomics ; 18(10): 1981-2002, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308253

RESUMO

Glycan antigens recognized by monoclonal antibodies have served as stem cell markers. To understand regulation of their biosynthesis and their roles in stem cell behavior precise assignments are required. We have applied state-of-the-art glycan array technologies to compare the glycans bound by five antibodies that recognize carbohydrates on human stem cells. These are: FC10.2, TRA-1-60, TRA-1-81, anti-i and R-10G. Microarray analyses with a panel of sequence-defined glycans corroborate that FC10.2, TRA-1-60, TRA-1-81 recognize the type 1-(Galß-3GlcNAc)-terminating backbone sequence, Galß-3GlcNAcß-3Galß-4GlcNAcß-3Galß-4GlcNAc, and anti-i, the type 2-(Galß-4GlcNAc) analog, Galß-4GlcNAcß-3Galß-4GlcNAcß-3Galß-4GlcNAc, and we determine substituents they can accommodate. They differ from R-10G, which requires sulfate. By Beam Search approach, starting with an antigen-positive keratan sulfate polysaccharide, followed by targeted iterative microarray analyses of glycan populations released with keratanases and mass spectrometric monitoring, R-10G is assigned as a mono-sulfated type 2 chain with 6-sulfation at the penultimate N-acetylglucosamine, Galß-4GlcNAc(6S)ß-3Galß-4GlcNAcß-3Galß-4GlcNAc. Microarray analyses using newly synthesized glycans corroborate the assignment of this unique determinant raising questions regarding involvement as a ligand in the stem cell niche.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/análise , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/análise , Antígenos de Superfície/metabolismo , Sequência de Carboidratos , Células Cultivadas , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/citologia , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Polissacarídeos/imunologia , Análise Serial de Proteínas , Proteoglicanas/metabolismo
19.
Clin Biochem ; 71: 52-57, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the function of microRNA-21 and microRNA-206 in breast cancer cells have been investigated in vitro, their association with estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) are not reported. METHODS: ER, PR, HER2, and Ki-67 staining pattern were utilized to classify 75 breast cancer patients recruited. The malignancy was predicted with tumor nodes metastases (TNM) classification. RT-qPCR was performed to detect the relative expression of ER, PR, and HER2 in tumor samples and microRNA-21 and microRNA-206 in the serum. Spearman's correlation analysis was used to determine the association between different molecules. According to the staining pattern, the breast cancer patients were classified into five types. RESULTS: microRNA-21 was up-regulated in HER2 positive and Basal-like breast cancer types, while microRNA-206 was up-regulated in Luminal A and B types of breast cancer. microRNA-21 expression negatively correlated with the level of ER and PR but positively correlated with HER2 expression and tumor malignancy, while microRNA-206 showed the opposite trend. Neither microRNA-21 nor microRNA-206 showed any significant correlation with the age of the patients. CONCLUSION: Both microRNA-21 and microRNA-206 closely correlate with ER, PR, and HER2 expression, which can be considered as clinical biomarkers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos
20.
Int J Oncol ; 55(2): 547, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268160

RESUMO

Subsequently to the publication of the above paper, the authors have realized that the images presented in Fig. 1A were selected erroneously (essentially, the images for group 'AdBMP9 +++' were chosen to represent the group 'AdGFP'). A corrected version of Fig. 1, including the correct data for the experiments depicted in Fig. 1A, is shown opposite. Note that this change does not affect the results or the conclusions reported in this paper, and all the authors agree to this correction. The authors apologize to the Editor and to the readership of the Journal for any inconvenience caused. [the original article was published in International Journal of Oncology 50: 1363­1371, 2017; DOI: 10.3892/ijo.2017.3910].

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