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Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(17): 4344-4359, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581037


The Solanaceae plants distributed in China belong to 105 species and 35 varietas of 24 genera. Some medicinal plants of Solanaceae are rich in tropane alkaloids(TAs), which have significant pharmacological activities. In this paper, the geographical distribution, chemical components, traditional therapeutic effect, pharmacological activities, and biosynthetic pathways of TAs in Solanaceous plants were summarized. Besides, the phylogeny of medicinal plants belonging to Solanaceae was visualized by network diagram. Fourteen genera of Solanaceae plants in China contain TAs and have medical records. TAs mainly exist in Datura, Anisodus, Atropa, Physochlaina, and Hyoscyamus. The TAs-containing species were mainly concentrated in Southwest China, and the content of TAs was closely related to plant distribution area and altitude. The Solanaceae plants containing TAs mainly have antispasmodic, analgesic, antiasthmatic, and antitussive effects. Modern pharmacological studies have proved the central sedative, pupil dilating, glandular secretion-inhibiting, and anti-asthma activities of TAs. These pharmacological activities provide a reasonable explanation for the traditional therapeutic efficacy of tropane drugs. In this paper, the geographical distribution, chemical components, traditional therapeutic effect, and modern pharmacological activities of TAs-containing species in Solanaceae were analyzed for the first time. Based on these data, the genetic relationship of TAs-containing Solanaceae species was preliminarily discussed, which provided a scientific basis for the basic research on TAs-containing solanaceous species and was of great significance for the development of natural medicinal plant resources containing TAs.

Plantas Medicinais , Solanaceae , Vias Biossintéticas , Filogenia , Solanaceae/genética , Tropanos
Genetica ; 119(1): 93-7, 2003 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12903751


Although common carp is the major fish species in Asian and European aquaculture and many domestic varieties have occurred, there is a controversy about the origination of European domestic common carp. Some scientists affirmed that the ancestor of European domestic common carp was Danube River wild common carp, but others considered it might be Asian common carp. For elucidating origination of European domestic common carp, we chose two representative European domestic common carp strains (German mirror carp and Russian scattered scaled mirror carp) and one wild common carp strain of Cyprinus carpio carpio subspecies (Volga River wild common carp) and two Asian common carp strains, the Yangtze River wild common carp (Cyprinus carpio haematopterus) and traditionally domestic Xingguo red common carp, as experimental materials. ND5-ND6 and D-loop segments of mitochondrial DNA were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and analyzed through restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and sequencing respectively. The results revealed that HaeIII and DdeI digestion patterns of ND5-ND6 segment and sequences of control region were different between European subspecies C. carpio carpio and Asian subspecies C. carpio haematopterus. Phylogenetic analysis showed that German mirror carp and Russian scattered scaled mirror carp belonged to two subspecies, C. carpio carpio and C. carpio haematopterus, respectively. Therefore, there were different ancestors for domestic carp in Europe: German mirror carp was domesticated from European subspecies C. carpio carpio and Russian scattered scaled mirror carp originated from Asian subspecies C. carpio haematopterus.

Carpas/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Filogenia , Animais , Sequência de Bases , China , Alemanha , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Federação Russa
Yi Chuan Xue Bao ; 29(9): 787-90, 2002 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12561225


Chinese sucker, Myxocyprinus asiaticus, is an endemic species of China and also the only representatives of family Catostomidae in Asia. The fish was naturally distributed in Yangtze River and Mingjiang River and now few could be captured because of pollution and overexploitation. The fish has been listed in the second class of preserved animal in China. Studying and assessing its population structure is an imperative and fundamental work for making effective protection strategies. We amplified and sequenced the D-loop region of mtDNA of 8 samples. The size of the D-loop region is about 958 bp. A total of 32 variation loci were detected and the mutation rate was 0.033. All the mutation came from nucleotide substitution except one nucleotide deletion. Most of the nucleotide variations were found between the 55-365 bp region. The individual mutation rate varied from 0-1.36%, which exhibited nucleotide polymorphism to some extent among 8 samples. Compared with RAPD and other PCR-based methods, the directily sequencing of mtDNA D-loop region revealed much more genetic diversity. Meanwhile, the D-loop region of Moxostoma robustum derived from GenBank was aligned with that of Chinese sucker through CLUSTAL software. By comparison, we found that the mutation rate (0.033) of D-loop of Chinese sucker is higher than that of Moxostoma robustum (0.016).

Cipriniformes/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , DNA Mitocondrial/química , Variação Genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação , Polimorfismo Genético , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico