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1.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(10): 3067-3069, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604530

RESUMO

The complete chloroplast genome of Lonicera similis Hemsl. has been characterized by reference-based assembly using Illumina paired-end data. The circular complete cp genome is 155,463 bp in length, containing a large single copy (LSC) region of 89,282 bp, a small single copy (SSC) region of 18,661 bp, which are separated by a pair of inverted repeat (IR) regions of 23,760 bp. A total of 129 genes were predicted from the cp genome, including 83 protein-coding genes, 37 tRNA genes, and eight rRNA genes. Phylogenetic analysis reveals that L. similis is more closely related to Lonicera japonica Thunb. and Lonicera dasystyla Rehd. Our result will provide a reference for the phylogenetic relationship, plant identification and resource development and utilization of Lonicera species.

2.
Org Lett ; 23(20): 7986-7991, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606282

RESUMO

A family of directly ß,γ-linked BODIPY oligomers up to pentamers were regioselectively prepared via Pd(II)-catalyzed oxidative C-H cross-coupling. The structural integrity of ß,γ-linked dimers was unambiguously confirmed by X-ray crystallography. These structurally unprecedented oligomers showed red-shifted absorptions and near-infrared emissions along with efficient intersystem crossing, giving ΦΔ in the range of 12-43%, for potential use as heavy-atom-free photosensitizers.

3.
Org Lett ; 23(19): 7661-7665, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546062

RESUMO

We describe a straightforward, postmodification synthesis for a family of thiophene-fused BODIPY dimers and tetramers through transforming flexible sulfur bridges into coplanar thiophene fusions. FeCl3 was used as a bifunctional oxidant for both intramolecular and intermolecular oxidative aromatic coupling reactions. Oxidative fusion and dimerization gave strong red-shift absorptions from 509 nm for a BODIPY monomer to 830 nm for a tetramer.

4.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(19): 2333-2339, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A deep learning model (DLM) that enables non-invasive hypokalemia screening from an electrocardiogram (ECG) may improve the detection of this life-threatening condition. This study aimed to develop and evaluate the performance of a DLM for the detection of hypokalemia from the ECGs of emergency patients. METHODS: We used a total of 9908 ECG data from emergency patients who were admitted at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Jiangxi, China, from September 2017 to October 2020. The DLM was trained using 12 ECG leads (lead I, II, III, aVR, aVL, aVF, and V1-6) to detect patients with serum potassium concentrations <3.5 mmol/L and was validated using retrospective data from the Jiangling branch of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. The blood draw was completed within 10 min before and after the ECG examination, and there was no new or ongoing infusion during this period. RESULTS: We used 6904 ECGs and 1726 ECGs as development and internal validation data sets, respectively. In addition, 1278 ECGs from the Jiangling branch of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University were used as external validation data sets. Using 12 ECG leads (leads I, II, III, aVR, aVL, aVF, and V1-6), the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the DLM was 0.80 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.77-0.82) for the internal validation data set. Using an optimal operating point yielded a sensitivity of 71.4% and a specificity of 77.1%. Using the same 12 ECG leads, the external validation data set resulted in an AUC for the DLM of 0.77 (95% CI: 0.75-0.79). Using an optimal operating point yielded a sensitivity of 70.0% and a specificity of 69.1%. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, using 12 ECG leads, a DLM detected hypokalemia in emergency patients with an AUC of 0.77 to 0.80. Artificial intelligence could be used to analyze an ECG to quickly screen for hypokalemia.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Hipopotassemia , Inteligência Artificial , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Hipopotassemia/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(77): 9886-9889, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494065

RESUMO

The direct 3,3'-dimerization of BODIPYs lacking substituent groups in the 1,2,6, and 7 positions was developed by oxidative coupling with FeCl3. This regioselective dimerization was achieved for BODIPYs substituted only in the 5-position with Cl or aryl groups. Further functionalization of the 5,5'-dichloride dimer gave the corresponding pyrrole or 4-(2-aminoethyl)morpholine disubstituted dimers 2f and 2g, respectively. While dimer 2f exhibited intense NIR absorption/emission maxima at 773/827 nm in toluene, dimer 2g showed favorable lysosome-targeting NIR fluorescence in living cells.

6.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590860

RESUMO

A Cu(I)-promoted oxidative dimerization of BODIPY dyes was developed to give a series of α,α- ethylene-bridged BODIPY dimers and trimers for the first time. This methodology does not need harsh conditions but relies on the singlet-electron-transfer process between alkylated BODIPYs and Cu(I) salt to generate BODIPY-based radical species, which undergo a selective radical homocoupling reaction. Moreover, these resultant dimers and trimers showed high attenuation coefficients, small line widths of the absorption and emission, and intense fluorescence.

7.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 712038, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381487

RESUMO

Safflower is widely used in dying and in traditional medicine, and C-glucosylquinochalcones are the main metabolic species in the red color of safflower. Various safflower cultivars have flowers with different colors. However, the metabolic and transcriptional differences among safflower cultivars with different-colored flowers and the genes participating in C-glucosylquinochalcone biosynthesis are largely unknown. To provide insights on this issue, we performed integrated metabolomics and transcriptome analyses on the flavonoid biosynthesis of flowers of different colors in safflower (white-W, yellow-Y, light red-LR, and deep red-DR). The metabolic analysis showed that flavonoid metabolites showed great differences among the different colors of safflower. More flavonoid metabolic species were detected in Y and W, while C-glucosylquinochalcones were not detected in W. The content of C-glucosylquinochalcones increased with increasing color. Transcriptional analysis showed that most of the annotated flavonoid biosynthesis genes were significantly increased in W. The expression of genes related to flavonoid biosynthesis decreased with increasing color. We analyzed the candidate genes associated with C-glucosylquinochalcones, and an integration of the metabolic and transcriptional analyses indicated that the differential expression of the chalcone synthase (CHS) gene is one of the main reasons for the difference in flavonoid species and content among the different colors of safflower. Combined with the expression pattern analysis, these results indicated that HH_035319, HH_032689, and HH_018025 are likely involved in C-glucosylquinochalcones biosynthesis. In addition, we found that their expression showed greatly increased after the methyl jasmonate (MeJA) treatment. Therefore, HH_035319, HH_032689, and HH_018025 might participate in C-glucosylquinochalcone biosynthesis, which ultimately leads to the red color in safflower.

8.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 5521058, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337018

RESUMO

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is the most common type of cancer. It is highly malignant and is characterized by rapid and uncontrolled growth. The antitumour activity of Baicalin was studied in multiple cancers. However, its mechanism of action has not been fully elucidated. We provided a systematic understanding of the mechanism of action of baicalin against GC using a transcriptome analysis of RNA-seq. Methods: Human GC cells (SGC-7901) were exposed to 200 µg/ml baicalin for 24 h. RNA-seq with a transcriptome, Gene Ontology (GO), and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses were used to identify the antitumour effects of baicalin on SGC-7901 cells in vitro. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was constructed. A competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network was constructed and further analysed after validation using qRT-PCR. Results: A total of 68 lncRNAs, 20 miRNAs, and 1648 mRNAs were differentially expressed in baicalin-treated SGC-7901 GC cells. Three lncRNAs, 6 miRNAs, and 7 mRNAs were included in the ceRNA regulatory network. GO analysis revealed that the main DEGs were involved in the biological processes of the cell cycle and cell death. KEGG pathway analysis further suggested that the p53 signalling pathway was involved in the baicalin-induced antitumour effect on SGC-7901 cells. Further confirmation using qPCR indicated that baicalin induced an antitumour effect on SGC-7901 cells, which is consistent with the results of the sequencing data. Conclusions: In summary, the mechanism of baicalin against GC involves multiple targets and signalling pathways. These results provide new insight into the antitumour mechanism of baicalin and help the development of new strategies to cure GC.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 5210-5219, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414852

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in human diseases. However, the detailed role of lncRNAs in hypertrophic scar fibroblasts (HSFs) is inadequately understood. This study aimed to investigate the potential role of lncRNA nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) in hypertrophic scarring. Expression of lncRNAs, miRNAs, and genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction; protein expression was evaluated using western blotting. Cellular function was determined using the CCK-8 assay. The interaction between microRNA (miR)-29-3p and NEAT1 or fibroblast growth factor receptor substrate 2 (FRS2) was verified by luciferase and RNA pull-down assays. The results showed that NEAT1 was overexpressed in the hypertrophic dermis and in HSFs. However, knockdown of NEAT1 suppressed the proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM) production of HSFs. Moreover, NEAT1 functioned as a competing endogenous RNA to upregulate FRS2 by sponging miR-29-3p. Downregulation of miR-29-3p or overexpression of FRS2 antagonized the effects of NEAT1 knockdown and promoted HSF proliferation and ECM release. In conclusion, NEAT1 knockdown protected against hypertrophic scarring by modulating the miR-29-3p/FRS2 axis, which is a viable target in scar treatment.

10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9984112, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337069

RESUMO

Background: Baicalin is an extract from the traditional Chinese herb Scutellaria baicalensis and has the potential to treat osteosarcoma (OS). However, the transcriptome-level mechanism of baicalin-mediated antitumor effects in OS has not yet been investigated. The aim of this study was to analyze the competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory network involved in baicalin-induced apoptosis of OS cells. Methods: In this study, CCK-8 and flow cytometry assays were used to detect the antitumor effects of baicalin on human OS MG63 cells. Furthermore, transcriptome sequencing was employed to establish the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), microRNA (miRNA), and mRNA profiles. Results: Baicalin inhibited MG63 cell proliferation and induced apoptosis. Totals of 58 lncRNAs, 31 miRNAs, and 2136 mRNAs in the baicalin-treated MG63 cells were identified as differentially expressed RNAs compared to those in control cells. Of these, 2 lncRNAs, 3 miRNAs, and 18 mRNAs were included in the ceRNA regulatory network. The differentially expressed RNAs were confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Conclusions: By identifying the ceRNA network, our results provide new information about the possible molecular basis of baicalin, which has potential applications in OS treatment.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Osteossarcoma/genética , Osteossarcoma/patologia , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Neoplásico/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
J Org Chem ; 86(17): 11492-11501, 2021 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342463

RESUMO

Organic small-molecule fluorescent chromophores have become essential to modern chemical, biological, and materials related investigations. Herein, a straightforward synthesis and subsequent borylation were presented to form a novel family of bisBF2-anchoring acyl-pyridinylhydrazine, which we named BOAPH. The chromophore enjoys outstanding structural diversities owing to varied acyl chlorides and N-heteroarenylhydrazides. These resultant BOAPH dyes are confirmed by NMR, HRMS, and single-crystal X-ray structure analysis. Their spectroscopic properties were studied, and most of the strong absorbance and bright fluorescence with maximum wavelengths centered in the range of 400 and 650 nm. More importantly, they exhibit promising fluorescence quantum yields up to 0.79 in solution and solid states, good photostability, and large Stokes shifts. Furthermore, a respective BOAPH dye with a para-dimethylaminophenyl group exhibited the interesting ability of ultrafast staining and two-photon imaging, which can specifically label lipid droplets of living cells immediately without the need for incubation.

12.
Pharmacol Ther ; : 107969, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450232

RESUMO

The underlying mechanism of tumor immune evasion is a highly concerning subject for researchers. Increasing evidences reveal that the over-activated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a crucial molecular hub in malignant tumors. STAT3 controls autophagy molecules that impair CTL-mediated tumor cell lysis, inhibiting natural killer cells and inducing apoptosis in T lymphocytes to create an immunosuppressive environment. STAT3 signaling regulates the expression of immune factors and recruits immunosuppressive cells to establish a tolerant tumor microenvironment (TME). STAT3 signaling regulates the expression of immune factors and recruits immunosuppressive cells to create an immunosuppressive environment. All this aid tumor cells in escaping from immune surveillance. In this review, we outlined the STAT3-mediated mechanisms involved in tumor immune evasion and their potential regulatory functions in the TME. We discussed the impact of STAT3 signaling on PD-L1, HIF-1α, exosome, lncRNA, and autophagy in the promotion of tumor immune evasion and highlighted the recent research on STAT3 signaling and tumor immune evasion that may assist in developing effective STAT3-targeted drugs for advancing immunotherapy.

13.
Exp Cell Res ; 406(1): 112761, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339675

RESUMO

Stresses, such as neurohumoral activation, induced pathological cardiac hypertrophy is the main risk factor for heart failure. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) plays a key role in maintaining protein homeostasis and cardiac function. However, research on the role and mechanism of deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) in cardiac hypertrophy is limited. Here, we observe that the deubiquitinating enzyme ubiquitin-specific protease 12(USP12) is upregulated in Ang II-induced hypertrophic hearts and primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs). Inhibition of USP12 ameliorate Ang II-induced myocardial hypertrophy, while overexpression of USP12 have the opposite effect. USP12 deficiency also significantly attenuate the phenotype of Ang II-induced cardiac hypertrophy in vivo. Moreover, we demonstrate that USP12 aggravate Ang II-induced cardiac hypertrophy by enhancing METTL3, a methyltransferase which catalyze N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification on messenger RNA and acts as a harmful factor in pathological cardiac hypertrophy. Upregulation of METTL3 reverse the reduction of myocardial hypertrophy induced by USP12 silencing in NRCMs. In contrast, knockdown of METTL3 attenuate the aggravation of myocardial hypertrophy in USP12-overexpressing NRCMs. Furthermore, we discover that USP12 promote the expression of METTL3 via upregulating p300. Mechanistically, USP12 binds and stabilizes p300, thereby activating the transcription of its downstream gene METTL3. Finally, our data show that USP12 is partially dependent on the stabilization of p300 to activate METTL3 expression and promote myocardial hypertrophy. Taken together, our results demonstrate that USP12 acts as a pro-hypertrophic deubiquitinating enzyme via enhancing p300/METTL3 axis, indicating that targeting USP12 could be a potential treatment strategy for pathological cardiac hypertrophy.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia/genética , Proteína p300 Associada a E1A/genética , Metiltransferases/genética , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/genética , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Adenosina/metabolismo , Angiotensina II/administração & dosagem , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Cardiomegalia/induzido quimicamente , Cardiomegalia/metabolismo , Cardiomegalia/patologia , Proteína p300 Associada a E1A/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Masculino , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Cultura Primária de Células , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação
15.
Org Lett ; 23(18): 7220-7225, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34463517

RESUMO

An efficient strategy for building sulfur-bridged oligo-BODIPYs based on the SNAr reaction is described. These oligo-BODIPYs showed broadband and strong visible-near-infrared (NIR) light absorption, strong intramolecular exciton coupling, and efficient intersystem crossing (ISC). Generation of 1O2 as well as O2•- under irradiation was found to give high reactive oxygen species generation efficiencies for those oligomers.

16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9921012, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250093

RESUMO

Objectives: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by lung inflammation and remodeling. Macrophage polarization is associated with inflammation and tissue remodeling, as well as immunity. Therefore, this study attempts to investigate the diagnostic value and regulatory mechanism of macrophage polarization-related genes for COPD by bioinformatics analysis and to provide a new theoretical basis for experimental research. Methods: The raw gene expression profile dataset (GSE124180) was collected from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Next, a weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) was conducted to screen macrophage polarization-related genes. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the COPD and normal samples were generated using DESeq2 v3.11 and overlapped with the macrophage polarization-related genes. Moreover, functional annotations of overlapped genes were conducted by Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) Bioinformatics Resource. The immune-related genes were selected, and their correlation with the differential immune cells was analyzed by Pearson. Finally, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to verify the diagnostic value of genes. Results: A total of 4922 coexpressed genes related to macrophage polarization were overlapped with the 203 DEGs between the COPD and normal samples, obtaining 25 genes related to COPD and macrophage polarization. GEM, S100B, and GZMA of them participated in the immune response, which were considered the candidate biomarkers. GEM and S100B were significantly correlated with marker genes of B cells which had a significant difference between the COPD and normal samples. Moreover, GEM was highly associated with the genes in the PI3K/Akt/GSK3ß signaling pathway, regulation of actin cytoskeleton, and calcium signaling pathway based on a Pearson correlation analysis of the candidate genes and the genes in the B cell receptor signaling pathway. PPI network analysis also indicated that GEM might participate in the regulation of the PI3K/Akt/GSK3ß signaling pathway. The ROC curve showed that GEM possessed an excellent accuracy in distinguishing COPD from normal samples. Conclusions: The data provide a transcriptome-based evidence that GEM is related to COPD and macrophage polarization likely contributes to COPD diagnosis. At the same time, it is hoped that in-depth functional mining can provide new ideas for exploring the COPD pathogenesis.

17.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 7(7): 2880-2899, 2021 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275293

RESUMO

Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is the predominant material used for organ-on-a-chip devices and microphysiological systems (MPSs) due to its ease-of-use, elasticity, optical transparency, and inexpensive microfabrication. However, the absorption of small hydrophobic molecules by PDMS and the limited capacity for high-throughput manufacturing of PDMS-laden devices severely limit the application of these systems in personalized medicine, drug discovery, in vitro pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modeling, and the investigation of cellular responses to drugs. Consequently, the relatively young field of organ-on-a-chip devices and MPSs is gradually beginning to make the transition to alternative, nonabsorptive materials for these crucial applications. This review examines some of the first steps that have been made in the development of organ-on-a-chip devices and MPSs composed of such alternative materials, including elastomers, hydrogels, thermoplastic polymers, and inorganic materials. It also provides an outlook on where PDMS-alternative devices are trending and the obstacles that must be overcome in the development of versatile devices based on alternative materials to PDMS.


Assuntos
Dimetilpolisiloxanos , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Elastômeros , Microtecnologia , Polímeros
18.
Toxins (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199278

RESUMO

A host's immune system can be invaded by mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) poisoning and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infections, which affect the host's natural immune function. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, IL-1ß and IL-6, are important regulators in the process of natural immune response, which participate in inflammatory response and enhance immune-mediated tissue damage. Preliminary studies have shown that DON promotes PCV2 infection by activating the MAPK signaling pathway. Here, we explored whether the mRNA expression of IL-1ß and IL-6, induced by the combination of DON and PCV2, would depend on the MAPK signaling pathway. Specific pharmacological antagonists U0126, SP600125 and SB203580, were used to inhibit the activities of ERK, JNK and p38 in the MAPK signaling pathway, respectively. Then, the mRNA expression of IL-1ß and IL-6 in PK-15 cells was detected to explore the effect of the MAPK signaling pathway on IL-1ß and IL-6 mRNA induced by DON and PCV2. The results showed that PK-15 cells treated with DON or PCV2 induced the mRNA expression of IL-1ß and IL-6 in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The combination of DON and PCV2 has an additive effect on inducing the mRNA expression of IL-1ß and IL-6. Additionally, both DON and PCV2 could induce the mRNA expression of IL-1ß and IL-6 via the ERK and the p38 MAPK signal pathways, while PCV2 could induce it via the JNK signal pathway. Taken together, our results suggest that MAPKs play a contributory role in IL-1ß and IL-6 mRNA expression when induced by both DON and PCV2.

19.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 155: 112397, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34246706

RESUMO

The molecular target of mycotoxins is not fully understood. Extensive data derived from cell and animal experimental studies demonstrate that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in mycotoxin-induced toxicities. Mycotoxins stimulate the upregulation/downregulation of lncRNA expression, which further promote apoptosis, is related to the mTOR/FoxO signaling pathway, and contributes to tumor cell growth, death, and liver and chondrocyte damage. Moreover, lncRNA can establish interactions with NF-κB and cause immune evasion. These preliminary data suggest that lncRNAs are involved in potential upstream regulatory events and further regulate downstream apoptosis, oxidative stress, and anti-apoptotic events that affect cell death and survival. Therefore, we hypothesize that lncRNAs are potential targets of mycotoxins. Investigation of the expression of the potential target lncRNAs by mycotoxin-mediated stimulation, and exploration of the upstream and downstream relationship between lncRNA and the key proteins involved in mycotoxin toxicity, should be performed. This Hypothesis provides clues for further understanding of the molecular mechanisms of mycotoxins.

20.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 155: 112436, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293425

RESUMO

The special issue "Mycotoxins in Food: New Determination Methods, Toxic Mechanisms, and Control Strategies" in Food and Chemical Toxicology contains 28 articles on current hot topics in mycotoxins, including deoxynivalenol, T-2 toxin, and fumonisins. Intestinal toxicity, immune toxicity, and oxidative stress are especially concerned by researchers in this special issue; moreover, mycotoxin detoxification and exposure and assessments in humans are reported in this context. All the new results in this special issue will help to further understand the toxic mechanisms of mycotoxins and cast new light for the control of mycotoxin contamination.

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