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1.
FEMS Microbiol Ecol ; 98(6)2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35488869

RESUMO

Unveiling the rules of bacterioplankton community assembly in anthropogenically disturbed lakes is a crucial issue in aquatic ecology. However, it is unclear how the ecological processes underlying the seasonally driven bacterioplankton community structure respond to varying degrees of lake eutrophication. We, therefore, collected water samples from three subtropical freshwater lakes with various trophic states (i.e. oligo-mesotrophic, mesotrophic, and eutrophic states) on a quarterly basis between 2017 and 2018. To innovatively increase our understanding of bacterioplankton community assembly along the trophic state gradient, the total bacterioplankton community dissimilarity was subdivided into balanced variation in abundances and abundance gradients. The results indicated that balanced-variation component rather than abundance-gradient component dominated the total temporal ß-diversity of bacterioplankton communities across all trophic categories. Ecological stochasticity contributed more to the overall bacterioplankton community assembly in the oligo-mesotrophic and mesotrophic lakes than in the eutrophic lake. The reduced bacterioplankton network complexity at the eutrophic level was closely associated with the enhancement of environmental filtering, showing that bacterioplankton communities in eutrophic lakes are likely to be less stable and more vulnerable to water quality degradation. Together, this study offers essential clues for biodiversity conservation in subtropical lakes under future intensified eutrophication.

2.
Water Res ; 216: 118298, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35316678

RESUMO

Thermal effluents from coastal nuclear power plants have led to undesirable pollution and subsequent ecological impacts on local marine ecosystems. However, despite the ecological importance, we know little about the impacts on functionality of bacterioplankton subjected in systems with long-term thermal pollution. We used metagenomic sequencing to study of the effect of thermal pollution on bacterioplankton community metagenomics in summer in a subtropical bay located on the northern coast of the South China Sea. Thermal pollution (>15 y), which resulted in an increase in the summer seawater temperature around 8°C and caused seawater temperature up to approximate 39°C, significantly decreased bacterioplankton metabolic potentials in photosynthesis, organic carbon synthesis, and energy production. The bacterioplankton community metagenomics underwent a significant change in its structure from Synechococcus-dominant autotrophy to Alteromonas, Vibrio, and Pseudoalteromonas-dominated heterotrophy, and significantly up-regulated genes involved in organic compound degradation and dissimilatory nitrate reduction for the matter and energy acquisition under thermal pollution. Moreover, the bacterioplankton community metagenomics showed an up-regulation with heating of genes involved in DNA repair systems, heat shock responsive chaperones and proteins, and proteins involved in other biological processes, such as biofilm formation and the biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids and glycan, to adapt to the thermal environment. Collectively, it indicates a functional regulation of bacterioplankton adaptation to high-temperature stress, which might advance the understanding of the molecular mechanisms of community adaptation to global extreme warming in aquatic ecosystems.


Assuntos
Metagenômica , Plâncton , Organismos Aquáticos , Bactérias/genética , Baías , Ecossistema , Água do Mar
3.
Environ Microbiol ; 2022 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35099108

RESUMO

Aquaculture would change the environmental condition in the lake ecosystem, affecting the structure and function of the aquatic ecosystem. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms controlling the distribution patterns of bacterial community respond to aquaculture in water column and sediment. Here, we investigated the composition, co-occurrence patterns, and assembly processes of planktonic and sedimentary bacterial communities (PBC vs. SBC) from an aquaculture-influenced zone of the Eastern Lake Taihu, China. We found that aquaculture activity greatly influenced the diversity and composition of SBC by inducing excess nitrogen into the sediments. Meanwhile, network analysis revealed that aquaculture activity strengthened species interactions within the SBC network but weakened the species interactions within the PBC network. Aquaculture activity also increased the importance of deterministic processes governing the assembly of SBC by heightening the importance of environmental filtering, whereas it decreased the relative importance of deterministic processes within the assembly of PBC. In addition, ecological restoration with macrophytes increased the diversity of PBC and formed a more stable PBC network by increasing the number of network keystones. Overall, our results indicated that aquaculture drove distinct co-occurrence patterns and assembly mechanisms of PBC and SBC. This study has fundamental implications in the lake ecosystem for evaluating the microbially mediated ecological consequences of aquaculture.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35076362

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, rod-shaped and non-motile strains (LM13ST and JZCK2T) were isolated from hypersaline lakes in China. The colonies of both strains were yellow-pigmented and convex. Both strains could grow at 4-34 °C, pH 6.5-9.0 and with 1.0-13.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Comparisons based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains LM13ST and JZCK2T share less than 98.3 % similarity with species of the genus Salegentibacter. The phylogenetic tree reconstructed based on 16S rRNA gene sequences also showed that Salegentibacter species are the most closely related neighbours of strains LM13ST and JZCK2T. The sequenced draft genome sizes of strains LM13ST and JZCK2T are 4.06 and 4.22 Mbp with G+C contents of 37.0 and 37.8 mol%, respectively. The phylogenomic tree reconstructed using the Up-to-date Bacterial Core Gene set pipeline also demonstrated that both strains belong to the genus Salegentibacter. The calculated pairwise average nucleotide identity values and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains LM13ST and JZCK2T and Salegentibacter species were less than 86.4 and 32.0 %, respectively. The respiratory quinone in both strains was MK-6. Their major fatty acids were iso-C12 : 0, iso-C14 : 0, C15 : 1 ω10c, iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and C17 : 1 ω10c. Their major polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified lipid and one unidentified aminolipid, but strain LM13ST also contained one more unidentified aminolipid, one more unidentified lipid and one unidentified phospholipid. Combining the above descriptions, strains LM13ST and JZCK2T should represent two independent novel species of the genus Salegentibacter, for which the names Salegentibacter lacus sp. nov. (type strain LM13ST=GDMCC 1.2643T=KCTC 82861T) and Salegentibacter tibetensis sp. nov. (type strain JZCK2T=GDMCC 1.2621T=KCTC 82862T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Lagos , Filogenia , Águas Salinas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tibet
5.
Mol Ecol ; 31(4): 1180-1195, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846091

RESUMO

Comparison of the spatial distribution and assembly processes between bulk and rhizosphere bacterial communities at multiple spatial scales is vital for understanding the generation and maintenance of microbial diversity under the influence of plants. However, biogeographical patterns and the underlying mechanisms of microbial communities in bulk and rhizosphere sediments of aquatic ecosystems remain unclear. Here, we collected 140 bulk and rhizosphere sediment samples of Phragmites australis from 14 lakeshore zones across a 510-km transect in the Middle-Lower Yangtze plain. We performed high-throughput sequencing to investigate the bacterial diversity, composition, spatial distribution and assembly processes of these samples. Bacterial communities in the rhizosphere sediment exhibited higher alpha diversity but lower beta diversity than those in the bulk sediment. Both bulk and rhizosphere sediment bacterial communities had significant distance-decay relationships, but spatial turnover of the rhizosphere sediment bacterial community was strikingly lower than that of bulk sediment. Despite variable selection dominating the assembly processes of bacterial communities in bulk sediment, the rhizosphere of P. australis enhanced the role of dispersal limitation in governing bacterial communities. The relative importance of different ecological processes in determining bacterial assembly presented distinct patterns of increasing or decreasing linearly with an increase of scale. This investigation highlights the convergent selection of the aquatic plant rhizosphere for surrounding bacterial communities and emphasizes the importance of different ecological processes on bacterial community assembly in sediment environments over different scales. Furthermore, we provide a preliminary framework for exploring the scale dependence of microbial community assembly in aquatic ecosystems.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Rizosfera , Bactérias/genética , Microbiota/genética , Poaceae/microbiologia
6.
Microb Ecol ; 83(2): 314-327, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33956174

RESUMO

Rhizosphere microbes play a key role in maintaining plant health and regulating biogeochemical cycles. The active bacterial community (ABC) in rhizosphere, as a small fraction of the rhizosphere resident bacterial community (RBC), has the potential to actively participate in nutrient cycling processes at the root-sediment interface. Here, we investigated the ABC and RBC within the rhizosphere of Phragmites australis (P. australis) subjected to different environmental conditions (i.e., seasons and flooding conditions) in Lake Taihu, China. Our results indicated that RBC exhibited significantly higher alpha diversity as well as lower beta diversity than ABC. The active ratios of 16S rRNA to 16S rDNA (also RNA/DNA) of the bacterial communities in summer and winter suggested a lower proportion of potential active taxa in the rhizosphere bacterial community during summer. Network analysis showed that negative correlations in each network were observed to dominate the species correlations between the rhizosphere and bulk sediment bacterial communities. Our results revealed that niche differentiation and seasonal variation played crucial roles in driving the assembly of ABC and RBC associated with the rhizospheres of P. australis. These findings broaden our knowledge about how rhizosphere bacterial communities respond to environmental variations through changing their diversity and composition.


Assuntos
Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Bactérias/genética , Poaceae/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
7.
Water Res ; 202: 117460, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343871

RESUMO

Understanding microbial metacommunity assembly and the underlying methanisms are fundamental objectives of aquatic ecology. However, little is known about how eutrophication, the primary water quality issue of aquatic ecosystems, regulates bacterioplankton metacommunity assembly at a regional scale in reservoirs. In this study, we applied a metacommunity framework to study bacterioplankton communities in 210 samples collected from 42 tropical coastal reservoirs in the wet summer season. We found that the spatial pattern of bacterioplankton community compositions (BCCs) at a regional scale was shaped mainly by species sorting. The reservoir trophic state index (TSI) was the key determinant of bacterioplankton metacommunity assembly. BCC turnover increased significantly with the TSI differences between sites (∆TSI) when ∆TSI was < 20, but remained at a level of about 80% when ∆TSI was > 20. Compared to oligo-mesotrophic and mesotrophic reservoirs, increased heterogeneity of co-occurrence bacterioplankton networks and bacterioplankton ß-diversity were observed across eutrophic reservoirs. We propose that larger variation in phytoplankton community assembly may play directly or indirectly deterministic processes in controlling the bacterioplankton metacommunity assembly and became the potential mechanisms behind the observed higher BCC heterogeneity across the eutrophic reservoirs. Our research contributes to a broader understanding of the ecological effects of eutrophication on reservoir ecosystems and provides clues to the management of the tropical coastal reservoirs.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Eutrofização , Organismos Aquáticos , China , Fitoplâncton , Qualidade da Água
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 792: 148410, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146816

RESUMO

In natural ecosystems, large amounts of epiphytic bacteria live on the surfaces of submerged plants or non-biological substrates. Although it contributes greatly to host plant health or ecological functions in waters, little is known about the temporal dynamics and assembly mechanisms of epiphytic bacteria. To test whether host plant chemistry leads to divergent community dynamics, we investigated the fine scale temporal community successions of both epiphytic bacteria and the bacterioplankton of the surrounding water in two submerged plants and one non-biological artificial substance. We first observed differentiated epiphytic or surrounding water bacterial communities for different substrates in small spaces (approximately 1 m × 1 m). Selection played dominant roles in affecting the assembly of epiphytic bacteria in the high-phenolic plant Hydrilla verticillata, while for the artificial substance and the low-phenolic plant Vallisneria natans, drift and dispersal drove the assembly of both epiphytic bacteria and bacterioplankton. The higher selection may also contribute to higher turnover rates in both bacterioplankton and epiphytic communities of H. verticillata, with the latter changing drastically in approximately one week. Epiphytic bacteria in H. verticillata developed more complex networks with a higher proportion of positive links, suggesting that more intense interactions such as mutualism or facilitation may exist within epiphytic bacterial communities of the high-phenolic plant. Our results also implied that for the submerged macrophytes used in biological purification, the dynamics of epiphytic biofilm in the purification-related functional capacities might also be considered.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Hydrocharitaceae , Organismos Aquáticos , Bactérias , Biofilmes
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 785: 147286, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932676

RESUMO

Epibiotic bacterial community colonized on the plant leaf plays important roles in promoting plant growth and nutrient absorption, but is sensitive to environmental changes. As one of the most important environmental factors affecting the growth of plants and photosynthetic microorganisms, light may affect the diversity, composition, and interactions of the epibiotic bacterial community. Submerged plants in the aquatic ecosystem may be more sensitive to light intensity variations compared to the terrestrial plants since they usually receive less light. However, the effects of light on the interactions between the submerged plants and their epibiotic microbial communities remain uncertain. Here we used the 16S rRNA gene high-throughput sequencing to investigate the diversity and composition of the bacterioplankton and epibiotic bacterial communities of the Cabomba caroliniana under four different shading levels. A total of 24 water and leaf samples were collected from the experimental microcosms near Lake Taihu. We found the epibiotic bacterial community possessed a higher diversity than that of the bacterioplankton community, although the alpha diversity of the bacterioplankton community was more susceptible to different levels of shading. SourceTracker analysis revealed that with the increase of shading, the colonization of bacterioplankton to epibiotic bacteria decreased. Network analysis showed that the bacterial community network at 50% shading level had the lowest modularity and highest clustering coefficient compared to the bacterial community networks of other shading levels. Our findings provided new understandings of the effects of different light intensities on the epibiotic bacterial communities of submerged macrophytes.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Microbiota , Organismos Aquáticos , Bactérias/genética , Lagos , Plâncton , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
10.
Water Res ; 196: 117003, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730544

RESUMO

In this study, we evaluated the biotransformation mechanisms of lincomycin (LIN) and three fluoroquinolone antibiotics (FQs), ciprofloxacin (CFX), norfloxacin (NFX), and ofloxacin (OFX), which regularly enter aquatic environments through human activities, by different ammonia-oxidizing microorganisms (AOM). The organisms included a pure culture of the complete ammonia oxidizer (comammox) Nitrospira inopinata, an ammonia oxidizing archaeon (AOA) Nitrososphaera gargensis, and an ammonia-oxidizing bacterium (AOB) Nitrosomonas nitrosa Nm90. The removal of these antibiotics by the pure microbial cultures and the protein-normalized biotransformation rate constants indicated that LIN was significantly co-metabolically biotransformed by AOA and comammox, but not by AOB. CFX and NFX were significantly co-metabolized by AOA and AOB, but not by comammox. None of the tested cultures transformed OFX effectively. Generally, AOA showed the best biotransformation capability for LIN and FQs, followed by comammox and AOB. The transformation products and their related biotransformation mechanisms were also elucidated. i) The AOA performed hydroxylation, S-oxidation, and demethylation of LIN, as well as nitrosation and cleavage of the piperazine moiety of CFX and NFX; ii) the AOB utilized nitrosation to biotransform CFX and NFX; and iii) the comammox carried out hydroxylation, demethylation, and demethylthioation of LIN. Hydroxylamine, an intermediate of ammonia oxidation, chemically reacted with LIN and the selected FQs, with removals exceeding 90%. Collectively, these findings provide important fundamental insights into the roles of different ammonia oxidizers and their intermediates on LIN and FQ biotransformation in nitrifying environments including wastewater treatment systems.


Assuntos
Amônia , Nitrificação , Antibacterianos , Archaea , Biotransformação , Fluoroquinolonas , Humanos , Lincomicina , Nitrosomonas , Oxirredução , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo
11.
Environ Microbiol ; 23(2): 1130-1144, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015932

RESUMO

Microbes play an important role in decomposition of macrophytes in shallow lakes, and the process can be greatly affected by bacteria-fungi interactions in response to material composition and environmental conditions. In this study, microbes involved in the decomposition of leaf litter from three macrophyte species, Zizania latifolia, Hydrilla verticillata and Nymphoides peltata, were analysed at temperatures of 5, 15 and 25 °C. Results indicate that the decomposition rate was affected by temperature. Bacterial alpha diversity increased significantly along the time, while both temperature and plant species had a significant impact on the bacterial community, and plant type was shown to be the most important driving factor for the fungal community. The cosmopolitan bacterial taxa affiliated with Gammaproteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Deltaproteobacteria, Firmicutes and Spirochaetes were key species in the investigated ecological networks, demonstrating significant co-occurrence or co-exclusion relationships with Basidiomycota and Ascomycota, according to different macrophyte species. This study indicates that bacteria involved in the decomposition of macrophyte leaf litter are more sensitive to temperature variance, and that fungi have a higher specificity to the composition of plant materials. The nutrient content of Hydrilla verticillata promoted a positive bacteria-fungi interaction, thereby accelerating the decomposition and re-circulation of leaf litter.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Fungos/metabolismo , Magnoliopsida/microbiologia , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Biodegradação Ambiental , Fungos/classificação , Fungos/isolamento & purificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Magnoliopsida/química , Magnoliopsida/classificação , Interações Microbianas , Microbiota , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/classificação , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , Temperatura
12.
Environ Pollut ; 272: 116002, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33246758

RESUMO

Black bloom has become an increasingly severe environmental and ecological problem in lots of lakes. Ferrous monosulfide (FeS), which is closely related to chemical iron reduction (CIR), is considered the major cause for black water in shallow lakes, but few studies focus on the effect of organic matters (OM) content on iron and sulfate reduction and its contribution to the black bloom in deep lakes. Here, in Lake Fuxian, a Chinese deep lake which has also suffered from black bloom, FeS was identified responsible for the surface water blackness by using multiple microscopy and element analyses. Dissolved oxygen (DO) penetrated 1.6-4.2 mm in all sediment sites, further indicating FeS formed in the sediments instead of the permanently oxic water column. Geochemical characteristics revealed by diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) showed that DGT-Fe2+ concentration was 57.6-1919.4 times higher than the DGT-S2- concentration and both were positively correlated with DGT-PO43-. Combining DGT profiles and anaerobic OM remineralization rate according to bag incubation, iron reduction is more effective than sulfate reduction although the two processes coexisted. Moreover, correlation of DGT-Fe2+ and DGT-PO43- was better than that of DGT-PO43- and DGT-S2- at OM-depleted sites but opposite at OM-rich sites. In addition, total organic carbon (TOC) was significantly positively related to acid volatile sulfide (AVS). We therefore conclude that abundant OM potentially exacerbate chemical iron reduction and further lead to surface water blackness. Our study revealed the mechanisms behind the black bloom and gives credence to the management strategy of reducing OM loading to protect water quality in deep lakes.


Assuntos
Lagos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Afro-Americanos , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Humanos , Ferro/análise , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5217-5225, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816656

RESUMO

Two novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and non-motile rods bacteria, designated TQ8ST and ZH2ST, were isolated from salt marsh sediment collected from the Tibetan Plateau. Strain TQ8ST was found to grow at 10-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 6.0-11.0 (optimum, pH 8.0-9.0) and in the presence of 2-12 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 6-8 %). Strain ZH2ST was found to grow at 15-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 7.0-10.0 (optimum pH 9.0) and in the presence of 2-10 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 4-6 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains TQ8ST and ZH2ST shared 99.07 % sequence similarity between each other and were affiliated with the genus Halomonas, sharing 97.48 % and 97.41 % of sequence similarity to their closest neighbour Halomonas sulfidaeris Esulfide1T, respectively. DNA-DNA hybridization analyses showed 61.0 % relatedness between strains TQ8ST and ZH2ST. The average nucleotide identity and the average amino acid identity values between the two genomes were 92.33 and 92.84 %, respectively. The values between the two strains and their close phylogenetic relatives were all below 95 %. The major respiratory quinones of strain TQ8ST were Q-9 and Q-8, while that of ZH2ST was Q-9. The main fatty acids shared by the two strains were C18 : 1 ω6c and/or C18 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 1 ω6c and/or C16 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0 and C12 : 0 3-OH. Strain ZH2ST can be distinguished from TQ8ST by a higher proportion of C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strains TQ8ST and ZH2ST were 57.20 and 57.14 mol%, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic distinctiveness and phylogenetic divergence, the two isolates are considered to represent two novel species of the genus Halomonas, for which the names Halomonas rituensis sp. nov (type strain TQ8ST=KCTC 62530T=CICC 24572T) and Halomonas zhuhanensis sp. nov (type strain ZH2ST=KCTC 62531T=CICC 24505T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Halomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Áreas Alagadas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Halomonas/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Quinonas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tibet
14.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 86(14)2020 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385080

RESUMO

The common reed (Phragmites australis), a cosmopolitan aquatic macrophyte, plays an important role in the structure and function of aquatic ecosystems. We compared bacterial community compositions (BCCs) and their assembly processes in the root-associated compartments (i.e., rhizosphere and endosphere) of reed and bulk sediment between summer and winter. The BCCs were analyzed using high-throughput sequencing of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene; meanwhile, null-model analysis was employed to characterize their assembly mechanisms. The sources of the endosphere BCCs were quantitatively examined using SourceTracker from bulk sediment, rhizosphere, and seed. We observed the highest α-diversity and the lowest ß-diversity of BCCs in the rhizosphere in both seasons. We also found a significant increase in α- and ß-diversity in summer compared to that in winter among the three compartments. It was demonstrated that rhizosphere sediments were the main source (∼70%) of root endosphere bacteria during both seasons. Null-model tests indicated that stochastic processes primarily affected endosphere BCCs, whereas both deterministic and stochastic processes dictated bacterial assemblages of the rhizosphere, with the relative importance of stochastic versus deterministic processes depending on the season. This study suggests that multiple mechanisms of bacterial selection and community assembly exist both inside and outside P. australis roots in different seasons.IMPORTANCE Understanding the composition and assembly mechanisms of root-associated microbial communities of plants is crucial for understanding the interactions between plants and soil. Most previous studies of the plant root-associated microbiome focused on model and economic plants, with fewer temporal or seasonal investigations. The assembly mechanisms of root-associated bacterial communities in different seasons remain poorly known, especially for the aquatic macrophytes. In this study, we compared the diversity, composition, and relative importance of two different assembly processes (stochastic and deterministic processes) of bacterial communities associated with bulk sediment and the rhizosphere and endosphere of Phragmites australis in summer and winter. While we found apparent differences in composition, diversity, and assembly processes of bacterial communities among different compartments, season played important roles in determining BCCs and their diversity patterns and assemblages. We also found that endosphere bacteria mainly originated from the rhizosphere. The results add new knowledge regarding the plant-microbe interactions in aquatic ecosystems.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Microbiota , Poaceae/microbiologia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , China , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Estações do Ano
15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 197: 110626, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339959

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the tissue distributions of antibiotics in the fish, the bioaccumulation and trophic transfer in freshwater food web in Taihu Lake, a large shallow freshwater lake. Twenty four out of 41 antibiotics were detected in the biotas of the food web; and antibiotic concentrations followed the orders: fish plasma ~ fish muscle < fish liver ~ fish bile and fish < invertebrates ~ plankton. Antibiotic concentrations in the liver of piscivores were higher than those in omnivores and planktivores. Most bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) of sulfonamides (SAs), macrolides (MLs), ionophores (IPs) and lincomycin (LIN) were less than 2000 L/kg, indicating low bioaccumulation ability of these compounds in fish. Fluoroquinolones (FQs) were frequently detected in fish liver, invertebrates and plankton with much of BAFs great than 5000 L/kg, indicating that FQs have the potential of bioaccumulation in fish. Relationship analysis between BAFs and physicochemical properties of antibiotics showed that the bioaccumulation of antibiotics in the biota was related with their adsorption ability. Generally, the antibiotics in the food web of Lake Taihu including plankton, invertebrates and fish showed trophic dilution. The normalized estimated daily intake (EDI) values are less than the acceptable daily intake (ADI) values, and then hazard quotients were much less than 1. This result suggests the consumption of fish, crab and shrimp in Lake Taihu would probably not pose direct detrimental effects on humans.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/análise , Organismos Aquáticos/metabolismo , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Lagos/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacocinética , Organismos Aquáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , China , Crustáceos/metabolismo , Peixes/metabolismo , Cadeia Alimentar , Humanos , Plâncton/metabolismo , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/farmacocinética
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 721: 137716, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171141

RESUMO

Aquatic ecosystems are recognized as a source of N2O in accordance with the flux estimations of rivers and estuaries; however, limited research has been conducted on large lakes. In this study, we report the annual N2O dynamics of a large eutrophic freshwater lake located in the subtropical zone of East China. The dissolved N2O concentrations in Lake Chaohu were observed to be between 8.5 and 92.3 nmol L-1 with emission rates between 0.3 and 53.6 µmol m-2 d-1, exhibiting considerable spatiotemporal variability. The average seasonal N2O concentrations were obtained, with the highest value of 23.4 nmol L-1 found in winter and the lowest value of 12.7 nmol L-1 found in summer. In contrast to the N2O concentrations observed, the highest N2O emission rates occurred during summer, while the lowest emission rates occurred in autumn. The emissions of N2O were substantially high in the western part of the lake, which suffers from serious eutrophication. In addition, the hotspots of N2O emissions have been found around the inflowing mouth of the Nanfei River, which transports large amounts of nutrients into the lake. The results suggest that anthropogenically enhanced nutrient inputs may have a significant role in the production and emission of N2O. However, the negative relationship between the surface water temperature and the N2O concentration suggests that, N2O fluxes might be influenced by other inconspicuous mechanisms. In the future the nitrogen dynamics of water and sediment in the lake should be collated to reveal mechanisms controlling N2O emissions. In summary, Lake Chaohu acts as a source of N2O with its most eutrophic part contributing 54.9% of the total N2O emissions of the whole lake.

17.
FEMS Microbiol Ecol ; 96(4)2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32055830

RESUMO

Large amounts of epiphytic bacteria live on the leaf surfaces of submerged macrophytes in freshwater lakes. Despite their important roles in affecting host plant's health and biogeochemical cycling, knowledge about epiphytic bacteria assembly is not sufficient. We studied epiphytic bacteria on two cohabiting plant species in Taihu Lake, China. In comparison with plant identity and geographic distance, the plant-growing season played a prominent role in driving alpha and beta diversity (compositional variations) of epiphytic bacterial communities. Phylogeny-based null model analysis revealed that the growing season also drove the relative importance of deterministic versus stochastic processes underlying bacterial community assembly. In May when both plants start growth, the deterministic processes were most prominent, while in months later than June, the stochastic processes' effects increased substantially. In addition, we found a significant positive relationship between alpha diversity and compositional stochasticity, implying that stochastic processes may have great effects on the maintenance of diversity and functioning of epiphytic bacteria in aquatic ecosystems. In summary, the growing season overwhelmed plant identity and spatial site in shaping epiphytic bacterial communities in Taihu Lake, which may suggest new clues in understanding the dynamics of epiphytic communities and their roles in large shallow lacustrine ecosystems.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Lagos , Bactérias/genética , China , Estações do Ano
18.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(21): 25848-25860, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392622

RESUMO

Freshwater ecosystems are recognized as one of the important natural methane (CH4) sources, but little is known about the emission hotspots and the effects of algal blooms on CH4 production in deep lakes. In this study, carried out from the littoral (S1), pelagic (S2-S4), and the deepest site (S5), water samples from different depths and sediment cores were collected along the transect of Lake Fuxian, a deep monomictic lake to investigate the spatial-temporal variations of CH4. Dissolved methane concentration observed at the oxic metalimnion was 37.5% and 19.5% higher than that those observed at the epilimnion and at the layer between 80 and 100 m depth, respectively. During the overturn period, the vertical distribution of CH4 in the water column was uniform, with an average concentration of 0.031 ± 0.007 µM in S2-S5. Statistical analysis indicated that the CH4 concentration in the water column was significantly higher in S1 than other sites along the transect during both sampling periods. Sediment CH4 concentration and methane production potential (MPP) were also significantly higher in S1 than in other sites. Along the sediment depth, the maximum MPP was observed at 6-8 cm in S1, but it moved up to the surface layer in S2-S5 in both sampling periods. In addition, stable carbon isotope analysis indicated that the surface sediments in the pelagic zone (S2-S5) mainly comprised autochthonous organic matters. In this zone, MPP had a significantly positive correlation with sediment total organic carbon (TOC) (R2 = 0.401, p < 0.01). In summary, we described the spatial and temporal distributions of CH4 in deep Lake Fuxian, littoral zones are CH4 emission hotspots that can contribute to the CH4 accumulation in the oxic metalimnion layer during the stratification period. In the pelagic zone, autochthonous organic matter was transported into the surface sediment after a massive algal bloom, representing another hotspot for CH4 production.


Assuntos
Lagos , Metano/análise , China , Ecossistema , Eutrofização
19.
Microb Ecol ; 79(4): 840-852, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811330

RESUMO

To date, little is known about the diazotrophs in freshwater ecosystems. In this study, we examined the diversity, abundance, and distribution of the diazotrophic community in the deep oligotrophic Lake Fuxian using high-throughput sequencing and quantitative polymerase chain reaction of nifH genes. Our results showed that the diazotrophs in Lake Fuxian were diverse and were distributed among Proteobacteria, Planctomycetes, Cyanobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, Bacteroidetes, Chloroflexi, and other unclassified environmental sequences. For the first time, it is found that Bacteroidetes and Planctomycetes harbor diazotrophs in freshwater ecosystems. The diazotrophic community compositions were significantly different between the littoral and pelagic zones in the surface layer, and they also changed dramatically along the vertical profile. High diazotrophic abundance and diversity were mostly observed in the surface littoral zone, and overall, a significant relationship between nifH gene richness and abundance was observed. The water turbidity, nitrite, and phosphorus were the most important factors explaining the spatial changes in diversity and abundances of this important functional group. The two most dominant operational taxonomic units belonging to Betaroproteobacteria and Planctomycetes demonstrated opposite distribution patterns in abundance that were driven by non-overlapping environmental factors. This study is by far the first to uncover the high diversity and intra-lake heterogeneity of diazotrophs in a freshwater lake and illuminate the controlling factors. It provides the probability of the co-occurrence of N2 fixation and N-loss in particles.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Lagos/microbiologia , Microbiota , Fixação de Nitrogênio , Proteínas de Bactérias/análise , China , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
20.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 595967, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33519731

RESUMO

Elevation has a strong influence on microbial community composition, but its influence on microbial functional genes remains unclear in the aquatic ecosystem. In this study, the functional gene structure of microbes in two lakes at low elevation (ca. 530 m) and two lakes at high elevation (ca. 4,600 m) was examined using a comprehensive functional gene array GeoChip 5.0. Microbial functional composition, but not functional gene richness, was significantly different between the low- and high-elevation lakes. The greatest difference was that microbial communities from high-elevation lakes were enriched in functional genes of stress responses, including cold shock, oxygen limitation, osmotic stress, nitrogen limitation, phosphate limitation, glucose limitation, radiation stress, heat shock, protein stress, and sigma factor genes compared with microbial communities from the low-elevation lakes. Higher metabolic potentials were also observed in the degradation of aromatic compounds, chitin, cellulose, and hemicellulose at higher elevations. Only one phytate degradation gene and one nitrate reduction gene were enriched in the high-elevation lakes. Furthermore, the enhanced interactions and complexity among the co-occurring functional genes in microbial communities of lakes at high elevations were revealed in terms of network size, links, connectivity, and clustering coefficients, and there were more functional genes of stress responses mediating the module hub of this network. The findings of this study highlight the well-developed functional strategies utilized by aquatic microbial communities to withstand the harsh conditions at high elevations.

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