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1.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e1900501, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368208

RESUMO

Calcium (Ca2+ ) hemeostasis is crucial for the normal function of cellular biochemistry. The abnormal frequency of Ca2+ signaling in cancer cells makes them more vulnerable to Ca2+ modulation than normal cells. Here in this study, a novel cancer-specific therapy by artificially triggering Ca2+ overload in cancer cells is proposed. The feasibility of this therapy is illustrated by successful coupling of selective extrusion (Ca2+ ) inhibition effect of Curcumin (Cur) and the effective Ca2+ generating capability of amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) into a facilely prepared water responsive phospholipid (PL)-ACC hybrid platform (PL/ACC-Cur). The obtained results demonstrate that PL/ACC-Cur can specifically boost the intracellular Ca2+ concentration to cause Ca2+ overload and to trigger mitochondria-related apoptosis in MCF-7 cells while sparing normal hepatocyte (L02), which might be a promising approach for effective cancer therapy.

2.
Stem Cells ; 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400241

RESUMO

Although macrophage (Mφ) polarization has been demonstrated to play crucial roles in cellular osteogenesis across the cascade of events in periodontal regeneration, how polarized Mφ phenotypes influence the cementoblastic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) remains unknown. In the present study, human monocyte leukemic cells (THP-1) were induced into M0, M1, and M2 subsets, and the influences of these polarized Mφs on the cementoblastic differentiation of PDLSCs were assessed in both conditioned medium-based and Transwell-based coculture systems. Furthermore, the potential pathways and cyto-/chemokines involved in Mφ-mediated cementoblastic differentiation were screened and identified. In both systems, M2 subsets increased cementoblastic differentiation-related gene/protein expression levels in cocultured PDLSCs, induced more PDLSCs to differentiate into polygonal and square cells, and enhanced alkaline phosphatase activity in PDLSCs. Furthermore, Akt and c-Jun N-terminal Kinase (JNK) signaling was identified as a potential pathway involved in M2 Mφ-enhanced PDLSC cementoblastic differentiation, and cyto-/chemokines (interleukin (IL)-10 and vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF]) secreted by M2 Mφs were found to be key players that promoted cell cementoblastic differentiation by activating Akt signaling. Our data indicate for the first time that Mφs are key modulators during PDLSC cementoblastic differentiation and are hence very important for the regeneration of multiple periodontal tissues, including the cementum. Although the Akt and JNK pathways are involved in M2 Mφ-enhanced cementoblastic differentiation, only the Akt pathway can be activated via a cyto-/chemokine-associated mechanism, suggesting that players other than cyto-/chemokines also participate in the M2-mediated cementoblastic differentiation of PDLSCs. Stem Cells 2019.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432836

RESUMO

N-Oxido copper(ii) ethylenediaminetetraacetate Na4n[Cu2(edtaO2)2(H2O)4]n·13nH2O (2) (H4edta = ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, C10H16O8N2) and N-oxido copper(ii) 1,3-propanediaminetetraacetate Na5nOn[Cu2(HpdtaO2)2Cl]n·12.5nH2O (4) (H4pdta = 1,3-propanediaminetetraacetic acid, C11H18O8N2) were obtained from the reactions of copper(ii) edta and pdta respectively with hydrogen peroxide. The copper ions in 2 and 4 are hexa-coordinated by edtaO2 or pdtaO2 ligands, forming 1D chain structures. Further reactions of 2 and 4 at lower pH values result in the isolation of copper(ii) iminodiacetate K[Cu(ida)(H2O)2Cl] (3) (H2ida = iminodiacetate acid, C4H7O4N) and copper(ii) propanediaminediacetate [Cu2(pdda)2]n·nH2O (5) (H2pdda = propanediaminediacetic acid, C7H10O4N2), respectively, which show the selective degradation of ethylenediaminetetraacetate and propanediaminetetraacetate.

4.
World J Surg Oncol ; 17(1): 141, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical significance of low-frequency electrical stimulation in preventing urinary retention after radical hysterectomy. METHODS: A total of 91 women with stage IA2-IB2 cervical cancer, who were treated with radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy from January 2009 to December 2012, were enrolled into this study and were randomly divided into two groups: trail group (48 cases) and control group (43 cases). Traditional bladder function training and low-frequency electrical stimulation were conducted in the trail group, while patients in the control group were only treated by traditional bladder training. The general condition, rate of urinary retention, and muscle strength grades of pelvic floor muscle in the perioperative period were compared between these two groups. RESULTS: The incidence of postoperative urinary retention in the electrical stimulation group was 10.41%, significantly lower than that in the control group (44.18%), and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). The duration of postoperative fever and use of antibiotics were almost the same between these two groups. Eleven days after surgery, the difference in grades of the pelvic floor muscle between these two groups was not statistically significant. However, 14 days after the operation, grades of the pelvic floor muscle were significantly higher in the trail group than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). In addition, although there was no significant difference between the two groups with different parameters (P = 0.782), the incidence of urinary retention was lower in the endorphins analgesia program group than in the neuromuscular repair program group (9.09% < 11.54%). CONCLUSION: Low-frequency electrical stimulation is more effective than conventional intervention in preventing urinary retention after radical hysterectomy. It also intensifies the recovery of pelvic muscle strength.

5.
Neurosci Bull ; 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428926

RESUMO

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and incurable autoimmune neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system. Although the symptoms of MS can be managed by vitamin D3 treatment alone, this condition cannot be completely eradicated. Thus, there might be unknown factors capable of regulating the vitamin D receptor (VDR). Genome-wide analysis showed that miRNAs were associated with VDRs. We sought to determine the role and mechanism of action of miRNA-125a-5p and VDRs in a model of MS, mice with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), which was induced by myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein 35-55 peptides. EAE mice showed decreased mean body weight but increased mean clinical scores compared with vehicle or control mice. And inflammatory infiltration was found in the lumbosacral spinal cord of EAE mice. In addition, VDR expression was significantly lower while the expression of miR-125a-5p was markedly higher in the spinal ventral horn of EAE mice than in vehicle or control mice. Importantly, activation of VDRs by paricalcitol or inhibition of miR-125a-5p by its antagomir markedly decreased the mean clinical scores in EAE mice. Interestingly, VDR and miR-125a-5p were co-localized in the same neurons of the ventral horn. More importantly, inhibition of miR-125a-5p remarkably blocked the decrease of VDRs in EAE mice. These results support a critical role for miR-125a-5p in modulating VDR activity in EAE and suggest potential novel therapeutic interventions.

6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 2596914, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467878

RESUMO

According to our previous studies, bta-miR-124a was differentially expressed in breast tissue between high-fat and low-fat dairy cows. However, the function of bta-miR-124a in lipid metabolism of dairy cows and the identification of its target genes have not been reported. Therefore, this study will identify the target gene of bta-miR-124a and explore its role in the regulation of milk lipid metabolism. First, preliminary bioinformatics prediction of bta-miR-124a candidate target genes was performed, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to analyze relative expression changes of bta-miR-124a and its candidate target genes and the expression level of the downstream gene of the target gene in the lipid metabolism signaling pathway in dairy mammary epithelial cell lines (Mac-T), using the dual luciferase reporter system for the identification of the targeting relationship between bta-miR-124a and the candidate target gene. Then, the effect of transfection of bta-miR-124a mimics and inhibitors on triglyceride (TG) and free fatty acid (FFA) levels was analyzed. The results indicate that bta-miR-124a directly interacts with the 3'-untranslated region of peroxisomal trans-2-enoyl-CoA reductase (PECR) to downregulate its expression in Mac-T cells. Further, bta-mir-124a regulates the expression of PECR and the downstream gene extension of very long chain fatty acid protein 2 (ELOVL2) through an unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis signaling pathway. In conclusion, bta-miR-124a is involved in lipid metabolism by directly downregulating the PECR gene and affecting the expression of the downstream gene ELOVL2 and regulates the content of some key secretory elements such as TG and FFA. The function of bta-miR-124a has a certain effect on the synthesis and secretion of milk fat in the mammary epithelial cells of dairy cows.

7.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 19(1): 142, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paragangliomas, also known as chemodectomas, are rare tumors arise from chemoreceptor tissue, and most commonly locate at the bifurcation of the common carotid, the jugular foramen, aortic arch, and retroperitoneum. Paragangliomas generally are considered to be benign tumors, and rarely produce local or distant metastases. Metastasis to liver is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 39-year-old woman, who had undergone resection of a retroperitoneal paraganglioma at her local hospital for 12 years. She was referred to our hospital for further evaluation of a hepatic mass, which was misdignosed as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and was treated by transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in the local hospital 6 years ago. At admission, CT scan revealed a huge hypervascular mass with many feeding arteries, almost the same size as 5 years ago. Ultrasound-guided biopsy of the liver tumor was performed and immunohistochemical examination confirmed the diagnosis of hepatic metastatic paraganglioma. Though liver metastasis failed to achieve complete response or partial response to TACE treatment, it remained stable without progression during the 7-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: Paragangliomas are slow growing tumors and metastasis may develop decades after resection of the primary lesion. Long-term follow-up is necessary, and curative or palliative treatment should be considered to control symptoms, improve life quality, reduce complications and prolong survival.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355500

RESUMO

According to our previous studies, bta-miR-152, PRKAA1 and UCP3 are differentially expressed in mammary gland tissues of high milk fat and low milk fat cows, and the trend in bta-miR-152 expression is opposite from those of PRKAA1 and UCP3. To further identify the function and regulatory mechanism of bta-miR-152 in milk fat metabolism, we investigated the effect of bta-miR-152 on cellular triglyceride content in bovine mammary epithelial cells cultured in vitro, on the basis of bta-miR-152 overexpression and inhibition assays. The target genes of bta-miR-152 were identified through qPCR, Western blotting and dual luciferase reporter gene detection. Compared with that in the control group, the expression of UCP3 was significantly lower in the bta-miR-152 mimic group, the expression of PRKAA1 was decreased, and the intracellular TAG content was significantly increased. After transfection with bta-miR-152 inhibitor, the expression of UCP3 increased significantly, and the expression of PRKAA1 decreased, but the difference was not significant; in addition, the intracellular TAG content decreased significantly. Therefore, we concluded that bta-miR-152 affects the intracellular TAG content by targeting UCP3.

9.
Brain Res ; 1722: 146354, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31356783

RESUMO

Maternal stress is a key risk factor in the development of offspring. We previously identified prenatal cold stress-induced anxiety-like behavior reduced in the offspring of rats along with negative feedback regulation from the maternal hippocampus on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis during prenatal cold stress. However, the precise function of the maternal hypothalamus response to cold stress during late pregnancy in rats has not yet been determined. Therefore, we examined proteins in the hypothalamus that respond to aldosterone, neurodevelopment, inflammation and apoptosis. Our results show that prenatal cold stress induced the expression of mineralocorticoid receptors (MR) and 11ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11ß-HSD2), suggesting prenatal cold stress may promote the elevation of aldosterone levels in the hypothalamus. Remarkably, increased expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) helped to replenish intracellular peptidergic stores and ensure homeostatic balance during prenatal cold stress. Furthermore, prenatal cold stress reduced the expression of c-Fos via STAT3 and ERK1/2 pathways in the hypothalamus. Moreover, prenatal cold stress induced NF-κB phosphorylation at Ser536, then promoted the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and induced an apoptosis-related protein response. Together, this study confirms that changes in the maternal hypothalamus during cold stress in late pregnancy are directly reflective of the response of the HPA to cold stress and demonstrates how the hypothalamus coordinates cold stress. We suggest mechanisms which might explain how these states might be linked with an abnormal stress response.

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(61): 9023-9026, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290864

RESUMO

A high-performance 3D hierarchical porous metal-free N-doped carbon catalyst toward the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in acidic medium was successfully synthesized by employing ZnO as a mesoporous template and NaCl as both a macroporous template and a structure protective agent. The resultant improved active site density and diffusion efficiency lead to a superior ORR activity with a half-wave potential high up to 0.755 V in 0.1 M HClO4.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314706

RESUMO

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is one of the major causes of acute encephalitis in human and animal. To prevent JEV infection, an effective live-attenuated vaccine is needed. In the article, JEV attenuated strain, SCYA201201 of GI genotype, which was mixed with 10% concentrate GEL 01 ST adjuvant (Montanide™ GEL 01 ST), was selected for a vaccine candidate and its immunogenicity was evaluated in mice. Our results showed that JEV mixed with GEL 01 ST elicited production of both IgG1 and IgG2a antibodies, and enhanced virus-specific crossprotective intergenotypic response in mice. Proliferation of splenocytes was observed in all immunized groups and a relatively higher proliferation activity was detected in JEV mixed with GEL 01 ST group (p < 0.05). In the JEV + 10% GEL 01 ST vaccinated group, the proportion of CD4+ T cells in spleen was significantly higher than that of control group (p < 0.05), and the yields of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, and interferon-γ in the splenocyte supernatant were also significantly higher than that of control group (p < 0.05). Moreover, complete protection was provided after JEV challenge in mice in JEV mixed with GEL 01 ST group, and early immunity was detected in those mice immunized with JEV mixed with GEL 01 ST. These findings confirm that GEL 01 ST can enhance JEV live-attenuated immunogenicity, and JEV +10% GEL 01 ST used as vaccine candidates provide protection against JEV infection in a mouse model, which could be used as potential vaccine candidates in pig.

12.
Theranostics ; 9(12): 3526-3540, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281495

RESUMO

Circular RNA (circRNA) possesses great pre-clinical diagnostic and therapeutic potentials in multiple cancers. It has been reported playing roles in multiple malignant behaviors including proliferation, migration, metastasis and chemoresistance. However, the underlying correlation between circRNAs and cancer stem cells (CSCs) has not been reported yet. Methods: circZKSCAN1 level was detected in HCC tissue microarrays to clarify its prognostic values. Gain and loss function experiments were applied to investigate the role of circZKSCAN1 in HCC stemness. Bioinformatic analysis was used to predict the possible downstream RNA binding protein and further RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing was carried out to identify the RBP-regulated genes. Results: The absence of circZKSCAN1 endowed several malignant properties including cancer stemness and tightly correlated with worse overall and recurrence-free survival rate in HCC. Bioinformatics analysis and RNA immunoprecipitation-sequencing (RIP-seq) results revealed that circZKSCAN1 exerted its inhibitive role by competitively binding FMRP, therefore, block the binding between FMRP and ß-catenin-binding protein-cell cycle and apoptosis regulator 1 (CCAR1) mRNA, and subsequently restrain the transcriptional activity of Wnt signaling. In addition, RNA-splicing protein Quaking 5 was found downregulated in HCC tissues and responsible for the reduction of circZKSCAN1. Conclusion: Collectively, this study revealed the mechanisms underlying the regulatory role of circZKSCAN1 in HCC CSCs and identified the newly discovered Qki5-circZKSCAN1-FMRP-CCAR1-Wnt signaling axis as a potentially important therapeutic target for HCC treatment.

13.
Theranostics ; 9(12): 3541-3554, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281496

RESUMO

Rationale: Advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an aggressive disease with no targeted therapies and poor outcomes. New innovative targets are urgently needed. KLF4 has been extensively studied in the context of tumors, and current data suggest that it can act as either a tissue-specific tumor-inhibiting or a tumor-promoting gene. Here, we found that KLF4 played as a tumor-promoting gene in NPC, and could be mediated by PLK1. Methods: Tissue immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay was performed to identify the role of KLF4 in NPC. Global gene expression experiments were performed to explore the molecular mechanisms underlying KLF4-dependent tumorigenesis. Small-molecule kinase inhibitor screening was performed to identify potential upstream kinases of KLF4. The pharmacologic activity of polo-like kinase inhibitor volasertib (BI6727) in vitro and in vivo was determined. Result: Our investigation showed that high expression of KLF4 was correlated with poor prognosis in NPC. Moreover, genome-wide profiling revealed that KLF4 directly activated oncogenic programmes, including gene sets associated with KRAS, VEGF, and MYC signalling. We further found that inhibition of polo-like kinase 1 could downregulate the expression of KLF4 and that PLK1 directly phosphorylated KLF4 at Ser234. Notably, phosphorylation of KLF4 by PLK1 caused the recruitment and binding of the E3 ligase TRAF6, which resulted in KLF4 K32 K63-linked ubiquitination and stabilization. Moreover, KLF4 could enhance TRAF6 expression at the transcriptional level, thus initiating a KLF4-TRAF6 feed-forward loop. Treatment with the PLK1 inhibitor volasertib (BI6727) significantly inhibited tumor growth in nude mice. Conclusion: Our study unveiled a new PLK1-TRAF6-KLF4 feed-forward loop. The resulting increase in KLF4 ubiquitination leads to stabilization and upregulation of KLF4, which leads to tumorigenesis in NPC. These results expand our understanding of the role of KLF4 in NPC and validate PLK1 inhibitors as potential therapeutic agents for NPC, especially cancer patients with KLF4 overexpression.

14.
PLoS Genet ; 15(7): e1008313, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344025

RESUMO

In many plant species, conflicts between divergent elements of the immune system, especially nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptors (NLR), can lead to hybrid necrosis. Here, we report deleterious allele-specific interactions between an NLR and a non-NLR gene cluster, resulting in not one, but multiple hybrid necrosis cases in Arabidopsis thaliana. The NLR cluster is RESISTANCE TO PERONOSPORA PARASITICA 7 (RPP7), which can confer strain-specific resistance to oomycetes. The non-NLR cluster is RESISTANCE TO POWDERY MILDEW 8 (RPW8) / HOMOLOG OF RPW8 (HR), which can confer broad-spectrum resistance to both fungi and oomycetes. RPW8/HR proteins contain at the N-terminus a potential transmembrane domain, followed by a specific coiled-coil (CC) domain that is similar to a domain found in pore-forming toxins MLKL and HET-S from mammals and fungi. C-terminal to the CC domain is a variable number of 21- or 14-amino acid repeats, reminiscent of regulatory 21-amino acid repeats in fungal HET-S. The number of repeats in different RPW8/HR proteins along with the sequence of a short C-terminal tail predicts their ability to activate immunity in combination with specific RPP7 partners. Whether a larger or smaller number of repeats is more dangerous depends on the specific RPW8/HR autoimmune risk variant.

15.
J Hand Surg Am ; 44(9): 728-741.e10, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262534

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the current review was to estimate failure rates of trapeziometacarpal (TMC) implants and compare against failure rates of nonimplant techniques for surgical treatment of TMC joint (basal thumb joint) arthritis. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify articles reporting on thumb implant arthroplasty and on nonimplant arthroplasty techniques for treatment of base of thumb arthritis in the English literature. The collected data were combined to calculate failure rates per 100 procedure-years. Failure was defined by the requirement for a secondary salvage procedure. The failure rates between different implant and nonimplant arthroplasty groups were compared directly and implants with higher than anticipated failure rates were identified. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-five articles on implant arthroplasty and 33 articles on the outcome of nonimplant surgical arthroplasty of the TMC joint were included. The implant arthroplasty failure rates per 100 procedure-years were total joint replacement (2.4), hemiarthroplasty (2.5), interposition with partial trapezial resection (4.5), interposition with complete trapezial resection (1.7), and interposition with no trapezial resection (4.5). The nonimplant arthroplasty failure rates per 100 procedure-years were: trapeziectomy (0.49), joint fusion (0.52), and trapeziectomy with ligament reconstruction ± tendon interposition (0.23). CONCLUSIONS: Several implant designs (arthroplasties) had high rates of failure due to aseptic loosening, dislocation, and persisting pain. Furthermore, some implants had higher than anticipated failure rates than other implants within each class. Overall, the failure rates of nonimplant techniques were lower than those of implant arthroplasty. TYPE OF STUDY/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic IV.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350057

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of leflunomide (LEF) as induction treatment in a series of Takayasu arteritis (TA) patients based on a Chinese cohort. METHOD: Fifty-six patients from the East China TA cohort treated with LEF for at least 3 months were enrolled in this study, including the naïve LEF treatment patients (n = 41) and the cyclophosphamide (CYC)-resistant LEF treatment patients (n = 15). Data in clinical features, NIH score and angiography were collected. Response to treatment was assessed by rates of complete remission (CR) and partial remission (PR) and response rate (RR) after 6 and 12 months of treatment. RESULTS: The total CR rate and RR were 67.86% and 83.93% after 6 months, and 55.36% and 69.64% after 12 months, respectively. ESR and CRP levels and NIH scores decreased significantly after 12 months of LEF treatment (P < 0.05). Patients of CYC-resistant switched to LEF and reached the CR of 60.00% (9/15) and RR of 86.67% (13/15) after 6 months, and 73.33% (11/15) and 80.00% (12/15) after 12 months, respectively, with decrease in NIH scores (all P < 0.05). After following up for 14.44 ± 6.86 months, 48 patients (85.71%) continued LEF treatment with good tolerance. One patient died from progression of TA after 2 months, 2 patients relapsed, and 3 patients with side effects were switched to other immunosuppressive agents. CONCLUSIONS: LEF led to a quick induction and sustained remission of TA, especially in refractory cases, and therefore, should be considered as an alternative treatment for TA.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31249683

RESUMO

Background: Tuberculous abdominal cocoon is an uncommon manifestation of abdominal tuberculosis. As a rare clinical entity, it is often encountered unexpectedly in patients with small intestinal obstruction. Here we presented a rare case of tuberculous abdominal cocoon which was suspected to be peritoneal carcinomatosis and was finally diagnosed by laparoscopy. Case presentation: A 47-year-old man developed small intestinal obstruction and massive ascites that did not resolve with conservative management. Surgical exploration revealed a fibrous sheath covering the small-bowel, and pathologic assessment of biopsies confirmed intra-abdominal tuberculous infection. After antituberculosis therapy, the ascites has greatly diminished and the patient was functioning normally. Conclusion: Preoperative diagnosis of tuberculous abdominal cocoon is a true challenge. Early diagnostic peritoneal biopsy should be recommended and surgery is usually unnecessary if definitive diagnosis can be made.

18.
Clin Cardiol ; 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently occurs in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. Although successful ablation of the accessory pathway (AP) eliminates paroxysmal AF in some patients, in other patients it can recur. HYPOTHESIS: We investigated the clinical utility of advanced interatrial block (IAB) for predicting the risk of AF recurrence in patients with verified paroxysmal AF and WPW syndrome after successful AP ablation. METHODS: This retrospective study included 103 patients (70 men, 33 women; mean age, 44 ± 16 years) with WPW syndrome who had paroxysmal AF. A resting 12-lead electrocardiogram was performed immediately after successful AP ablation to evaluate the presence of advanced IAB, which was defined as a P-wave duration of >120 ms and biphasic [±] morphology in the inferior leads. RESULTS: During the mean follow-up period of 30.9 ± 20.0 months (range, 2-71 months), 16 patients (15.5%) developed AF recurrence. Patients with advanced IAB had significantly reduced event-free survival from AF (P < .001). Cox regression analysis with adjustment for the left atrial diameter and CHA2 DS2 -VASc score identified advanced IAB (hazard ratio, 9.18; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.30-36.72; P = .002) and age > 50 years (hazard ratio, 12.64; 95% CI, 1.33-119.75; P = .027) as independent predictors of AF recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Advanced IAB was an independent predictor of AF recurrence after successful AP ablation in patients with WPW syndrome.

19.
Exp Gerontol ; 124: 110636, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195103

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the age-related alterations in the ability to exert maximal and to sustain submaximal isometric muscle torques after a fatiguing concentric exercise conducted with knee extensor (KE) and flexor (KF) muscles. Sixteen young (aged 19-30 years; 8 women) and 17 older (aged 65-75 years; 9 women) volunteers participated. The following tasks were performed before and immediately after 22 maximal concentric efforts of the right KE and KF at 1.05 rad/s: (1) a maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) task involving both KE and KF; and (2) a KE torque-steadiness task at a submaximal target contraction intensity (20% MVIC). During the dynamometric tests, surface EMG was recorded simultaneously from the KE and KF muscles. Fatigue-induced reductions in knee extension MVIC were similar (~15%) between groups, but young participants showed more pronounced declines in agonist (i.e. quadriceps) EMG responses in both time (RMS amplitude; ~15% vs. ~10%, p < 0.001) and frequency (median frequency; ~14% vs. ~8%, p < 0.01) domains. Torque steadiness exhibited a similar post-fatigue decrease in the two age groups (p < 0.01), but interestingly agonist activation (~17%; p < 0.001) and antagonist (i.e. hamstrings) co-activation (~16%; p < 0.001) declined only in the older participants. These findings suggest that the fatiguing concentric KE and KF exercise results in similar relative reductions (%) in maximal torque and steadiness of the KE in young and older individuals, but they are sustained by different age-related neuromuscular strategies.

20.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 131: 110577, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220534

RESUMO

Cadmium and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) are both common and widespread pollutants in food and feed. There are several reports on toxicity induced by Cadmium or AFB1 alone, but few address the toxicity caused by co-exposure to the two substances. In this study, 42 female and 42 male Kunming (KM) mice were divided into seven groups to test the acute oral toxicity of CdCl2 and AFB1, using Karber's method. The combined toxicity was assessed using the Keplinger evaluation system. Acute toxicity symptoms, deaths, and body and organ weights were evaluated, and hematological, blood biochemical, and histopathological analyses were conducted. The results revealed the following median lethal doses (LD50): LD50(Female KM mice) = 62.56 mg/kg; LD50(Male KM mice) = 48.79 mg/kg; LD50(KM mice)=55.27 mg/kg. The combined toxicity of AFB1 and CdCl2 showed an additive effect in mice, and an increase in the mixed dose of AFB1 and CdCl2 resulted in greater toxicity. These results demonstrated that the combined toxicity of AFB1 and CdCl2 was greater than the toxicities of the individual components in mice; thus, this may cause particular challenges when addressing these hazards in food and feed and the associated risk to human and animal health.

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