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1.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(4)2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33921728

RESUMO

Forensic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis conducted using next-generation sequencing (NGS), also known as massively parallel sequencing (MPS), as compared to Sanger-type sequencing brings modern advantages, such as deep coverage per base (herein referred to as read depth per base pair (bp)), simultaneous sequencing of multiple samples (libraries) and increased operational efficiencies. This report describes the design and developmental validation, according to forensic quality assurance standards, of end-to-end workflows for two multiplexes, comprised of ForenSeq mtDNA control region and mtDNA whole-genome kits the MiSeq FGxTM instrument and ForenSeq universal analysis software (UAS) 2.0/2.1. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) enrichment and a tiled amplicon approach target small, overlapping amplicons (60-150 bp and 60-209 bp for the control region and mtGenome, respectively). The system provides convenient access to data files that can be used outside of the UAS if desired. Studies assessed a range of environmental and situational variables, including but not limited to buccal samples, rootless hairs, dental and skeletal remains, concordance of control region typing between the two multiplexes and as compared to orthogonal data, assorted sensitivity studies, two-person DNA mixtures and PCR-based performance testing. Limitations of the system and implementation considerations are discussed. Data indicated that the two mtDNA multiplexes, MiSeq FGx and ForenSeq software, meet or exceed forensic DNA quality assurance (QA) guidelines with robust, reproducible performance on samples of various quantities and qualities.

2.
Microvasc Res ; 136: 104163, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The vascular component of the hand-arm-vibration syndrome (HAVS) is often characterized by vibration-induced white fingers (VWF). Active substances secreted by the vascular endothelial cells (VEC) maintain a dynamic balance but damage to the blood vessels may occur when the equilibrium is altered, thus forming an important pathological basis for VWF. This study was aimed at investigating vascular damage indicators as a basis for an early detection of disorders caused by vibration, using the rat tail model. METHODS AND RESULTS: Experiments were conducted using a control group of rats not exposed to vibration while two exposed groups having different exposure durations of 7 and 14 days were randomly formed. Following exposure, the structural changes of tail tissue samples in anesthetized rats were observed. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used for analyzing four vascular damage indicators myosin regulatory light chain (MLC2), endothelin-1 (ET-1), vinculin (VCL) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in tail blood samples. We found that both vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells displayed changes in morphology characterized by vacuolization and swelling in the vibration-exposed group. The levels of vascular damage indicators were altered under the vibration. CONCLUSION: The degree of vascular pathology increased with the longer duration exposure. Furthermore, the levels of MLC2, ET-1 and 5-HT in rat plasma were associated with vascular injury caused by local vibration.

3.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(16): 10108-10117, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33876156

RESUMO

The heterogeneous oxidation reaction of single aqueous ascorbic acid (AH2) aerosol particles with gas-phase ozone was investigated in this study utilizing aerosol optical tweezers with Raman spectroscopy. The measured liquid-phase bimolecular rate coefficients of the AH2 + O3 reaction exhibit a significant pH dependence, and the corresponding values at ionic strength 0.2 M are (3.1 ± 2.0) × 105 M-1 s-1 and (1.2 ± 0.6) × 107 M-1 s-1 for pH ≈ 2 and 6, respectively. These results measured in micron-sized droplets are in agreement with those from previous bulk measurements, indicating that the observed aerosol reaction kinetics can be solely explained by liquid phase diffusion and AH2 + O3 reaction. Furthermore, the results indicate that high ionic strengths could enhance the liquid-phase rate coefficients of the AH2 + O3 reaction. The results also exhibit a negative ozone pressure dependence that can be rationalized in terms of a Langmuir-Hinshelwood type mechanism for the heterogeneous oxidation of AH2 aerosol particles by gas-phase ozone. The results of the present work imply that in acidified airway-lining fluids the antioxidant ability of AH2 against atmospheric ozone will be significantly suppressed.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(14): e25390, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832129

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Functional constipation is a prevalent, burdensome gastrointestinal disorder whose treatment remains challenging. Combined therapy uniting multiple treatments may be promising. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) which tends to be an etiological treatment has been increasingly investigated in its management. Meanwhile, laxatives are widely used to relieve constipation temporarily, but their overall efficacy is poor. Therefore, we performed meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials to evaluate the joint efficacy of FMT and laxatives in functional constipation. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search of 6 electronic databases as of August 11, 2020. Randomized controlled trial of FMT together with laxatives vs laxatives alone in functional constipation in adults were included. Two reviewers independently performed the screening, data extraction, and bias assessment. Dichotomous outcome data were synthesized by risk ratio, and measurement data by weighted mean difference (WMD). RESULTS: A total of 1400 records were identified, of which 5 were eligible (409 patients). Overall, compared to laxatives alone, combined therapy of FMT and laxatives more significantly improved total effective rate (risk ratio: 1.35; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14, 1.60; I2 = 13%), Bristol stool form scale score (WMD: 1.04; 95% CI: 0.57, 1.51; I2 = 76%), reduce Wexner score (WMD: -3.25; 95% CI: -5.58, -0.92; I2 = 92%), Knowles-Eccersley-Scott-Symptom (KESS) score (WMD: -5.65; 95% CI: -7.62, -3.69; I2 = 0%) and patient assessment of constipation quality of life score (WMD: -18.56; 95%; CI: -26.43, -10.68; I2 = 78%). No serious adverse events were reported. The majority of included studies had poor methodological quality. CONCLUSION: Combined therapy of FMT and laxatives may be a reasonably effective and safe treatment for people with functional constipation. However, caution is needed with the interpretation of these data due to the small sample size, high heterogeneity, and low quality of the studies. Besides, we expect that more studies will be performed exploring the efficacy and safety of combined therapy for functional constipation.


Assuntos
Terapia Combinada/métodos , Constipação Intestinal/fisiopatologia , Constipação Intestinal/terapia , Transplante de Microbiota Fecal/métodos , Laxantes/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Terapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Constipação Intestinal/psicologia , Gerenciamento de Dados , Transplante de Microbiota Fecal/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Laxantes/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Oncol Rep ; 45(4)2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649848

RESUMO

To date, there is no effective therapy available for the treatment of castration­resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), and patients generally succumb to the disease within 2 to 4 years. In the progression of CRPC, androgen receptor (AR) and its splice variants play critical roles. Hence, it is necessary to develop a drug to inhibit the expression and activity of the full­length and splice variants of AR for the treatment of CRPC. Erastin, as the first discovered drug to induce ferroptosis, has been studied in various types of cancer. However, there are few studies focusing on the relationship between erastin and AR. In the present study, western blotting, and sulforhodamine B cell viability, glutathione, lipid peroxidation and reactive oxygen species assays were performed to verify the ferroptosis of CRPC cells; reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction, dual­luciferase reporter, and lentiviral packaging and lentivirus­infected cell assays were employed to evaluate how erastin affects AR. A mouse xenograft assay was used to determine the underlying mechanism in vivo. Erastin, as a classical inducer of ferroptosis, can suppress the transcriptional activities of both the full­length and splice variants in AR models in vitro and in vivo. In addition, when erastin was used for CRPC treatment combined with docetaxel, the growth inhibitory efficacy of docetaxel was found to be enhanced. Thus, these findings indicated that ferroptosis inducer erastin has potential in the treatment of CRPC via targeting AR.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is a first-line procedure for the diagnosis of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). The opinions on the timing for such diagnostic evaluation remain unclear. We aimed to explore the role of early VCE in OGIB patients. METHODS: A total of 997 patients that underwent VCE at Renji Hospital and Nagoya University from May 15, 2002, to December 28, 2016, were included in this study. We matched patients that underwent early VCE within 14 days of bleeding (early group, n = 678) to patients that did not (late group, n = 319) via 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM). We then compared VCE diagnostic rates and the prevalence of post-VCE rebleeding in patients with initial negative VCE findings within 1 year between these groups before and after PSM. RESULTS: Following PSM, early VCE was associated with a significantly higher rate of OGIB diagnosis (56.4% vs 45.5%, P = 0.001) and with a significantly lower incidence of rebleeding within 1 year following treatment (24.7% vs 36.7%, P = 0.041). In univariate and multivariate analyses, VCE timing (odds ratio 0.648; 95% confidence interval 0.496-0.847, P = 0.001 and odds ratio 0.666; 95% confidence interval 0.496-0.894, P = 0.007, respectively) was found to be linked with a higher rate of positive findings. CONCLUSION: Early VCE can improve the reliability of OGIB diagnosis while also reducing rates of post-VCE rebleeding. This suggests that timely and accurate diagnosis can help to improve OGIB patient treatment and prognosis.

7.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 43: 101293, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33735636

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tension-type headache (TTH) is one of the most common primary headache diseases in the world and has a serious negative impact on the physical and mental health of patients. Tuina is now widely used to treat tension-type headaches. This article aims to systematically review the evidence about the effectiveness of Tuina on the effectiveness rate, pain intensity, and impact of headache in individuals with TTH. METHODS: Eight databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of Tuina were included in treatments for TTH. Cochrane Collaboration's tool was applied to evaluate the quality of the studies. Confidence in the effect estimates was determined with the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) tool. We use the software STATA 12.0 for meta-analysis and TSA software for test sequence analysis. RESULTS: Seven studies were included with a total sample of 1228 individuals. Meta-analysis results showed that Tuina was superior to drugs for improving the effectiveness rate (RR = 1.49, 95%CI: 1.25 to 1.77, p < 0.01, low evidence). A visual analog scale (VAS) score of Tuina was significantly lower than that of drugs (WMD = -0.738, 95% CI: -1.128 to -0.349, p < 0.01, moderate evidence). The trial sequential analysis showed that the effectiveness of Tuina for TTH was accurate. Adverse events were tolerable. CONCLUSION: Tuina has a certain effect in treating tension headache. However, due to the low level of methodological quality included in the article, this conclusion should be considered cautiously. More studies are necessary to strengthen the evidence regarding the effectiveness and safety of Tuina for subjects with TTH.

8.
Entropy (Basel) ; 23(3)2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668394

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with reduced heart rate variability (HRV) and autonomic nervous system dysfunction. Sample entropy (SampEn) is commonly used for regularity analysis. However, it has limitations in processing short-term segments of HRV signals due to the extreme dependence of its functional parameters. We used the nonparametric sample entropy (NPSampEn) as a novel index for short-term HRV analysis in the case of OSA. The manuscript included 60 6-h electrocardiogram recordings (20 healthy, 14 mild-moderate OSA, and 26 severe OSA) from the PhysioNet database. The NPSampEn value was compared with the SampEn value and frequency domain indices. The empirical results showed that NPSampEn could better differentiate the three groups (p < 0.01) than the ratio of low frequency power to high frequency power (LF/HF) and SampEn. Moreover, NPSampEn (83.3%) approached a higher OSA screening accuracy than the LF/HF (73.3%) and SampEn (68.3%). Compared with SampEn (|r| = 0.602, p < 0.05), NPSampEn (|r| = 0.756, p < 0.05) had a significantly stronger association with the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). Hence, NPSampEn can fully overcome the influence of individual differences that are prevalent in biomedical signal processing, and might be useful in processing short-term segments of HRV signal.

9.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(4)2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670799

RESUMO

Mesoporous bioactive glass (MBG) has a high specific surface area, promoting the reaction area, thereby improving the bioactivity; thus, MBG is currently gaining popularity in the biomaterial field. Spray pyrolysis (SP) is a one-pot process that has the advantages of shorter process time and better particle bioactivity, therefore, MBG was prepared by SP process with various polyethylene glycol (PEG, molecular weight ranged from 2000-12,000) and acid (HCl and CH3COOH) additions. In vitro bioactivity and mesoporous properties of the so-obtained MBG were investigated. The experimental results showed that all the MBG exhibited amorphous and mesoporous structure. Increasing the molecular weight of PEG can improve the mesoporous structure and bioactivity of MBG. Whereas optimized MBG was prepared with suitable concentration of PEG and CH3COOH. In the present work, MBG synthesized via spray pyrolysis by adding 5 g of PEG with a molecular weight of 12,000 and 50 mL of CH3COOH exhibited the best in vitro bioactivity and mesoporous structure.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(10): 107001, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784111

RESUMO

Interactions between nematic fluctuations, magnetic order and superconductivity are central to the physics of iron-based superconductors. Here we report on in-plane transverse acoustic phonons in hole-doped Sr_{1-x}Na_{x}Fe_{2}As_{2} measured via inelastic x-ray scattering, and extract both the nematic susceptibility and the nematic correlation length. By a self-contained method of analysis, for the underdoped (x=0.36) sample, which harbors a magnetically ordered tetragonal phase, we find it hosts a short nematic correlation length ξ∼10 Å and a large nematic susceptibility χ_{nem}. The optimal-doped (x=0.55) sample exhibits weaker phonon softening effects, indicative of both reduced ξ and χ_{nem}. Our results suggest short-range nematic fluctuations may favor superconductivity, placing emphasis on the nematic correlation length for understanding the iron-based superconductors.

11.
Plant Physiol ; 185(2): 295-317, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721892

RESUMO

Sugar supply is a key component of hypoxia tolerance and acclimation in plants. However, a striking gap remains in our understanding of mechanisms governing sugar impacts on low-oxygen responses. Here, we used a maize (Zea mays) root-tip system for precise control of sugar and oxygen levels. We compared responses to oxygen (21 and 0.2%) in the presence of abundant versus limited glucose supplies (2.0 and 0.2%). Low-oxygen reconfigured the transcriptome with glucose deprivation enhancing the speed and magnitude of gene induction for core anaerobic proteins (ANPs). Sugar supply also altered profiles of hypoxia-responsive genes carrying G4 motifs (sources of regulatory quadruplex structures), revealing a fast, sugar-independent class followed more slowly by feast-or-famine-regulated G4 genes. Metabolite analysis showed that endogenous sugar levels were maintained by exogenous glucose under aerobic conditions and demonstrated a prominent capacity for sucrose re-synthesis that was undetectable under hypoxia. Glucose abundance had distinctive impacts on co-expression networks associated with ANPs, altering network partners and aiding persistence of interacting networks under prolonged hypoxia. Among the ANP networks, two highly interconnected clusters of genes formed around Pyruvate decarboxylase 3 and Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 4. Genes in these clusters shared a small set of cis-regulatory elements, two of which typified glucose induction. Collective results demonstrate specific, previously unrecognized roles of sugars in low-oxygen responses, extending from accelerated onset of initial adaptive phases by starvation stress to maintenance and modulation of co-expression relationships by carbohydrate availability.

12.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1144, 2021 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602909

RESUMO

Pear is a major fruit tree crop distributed worldwide, yet its breeding is a very time-consuming process. To facilitate molecular breeding and gene identification, here we have performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on eleven fruit traits. We identify 37 loci associated with eight fruit quality traits and five loci associated with three fruit phenological traits. Scans for selective sweeps indicate that traits including fruit stone cell content, organic acid and sugar contents might have been under continuous selection during breeding improvement. One candidate gene, PbrSTONE, identified in GWAS, has been functionally verified to be involved in the regulation of stone cell formation, one of the most important fruit quality traits in pear. Our study provides insights into the complex fruit related biology and identifies genes controlling important traits in pear through GWAS, which extends the genetic resources and basis for facilitating molecular breeding in perennial trees.


Assuntos
Frutas/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Pyrus/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Genes de Plantas , Variação Genética , Genética Populacional , Lignina/metabolismo , Filogenia , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 540: 83-89, 2021 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33450484

RESUMO

Intracrine androgen synthesis plays a critical role in the development of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member C3 (AKR1C3) is a vital enzyme in the intracrine androgen synthesis pathway. In this study, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were employed to deliver small interfering RNA targeting AKR1C3 (siAKR1C3) to downregulate AKR1C3 expression in CPRC cells. The optimal weight ratio of MSNs/siAKR1C3 was determined by a gel retardation assay. Prostate cancer cells such as VCaP cells, which intracrinally express AKR1C3, and LNCaP-AKR1C3 cells stably transfected with AKR1C3 were used to investigate the antitumour effect of MSNs-siAKR1C3. Fluorescence detection and Western blot analyses were applied to confirm the entrance of MSNs-siAKR1C3 into the cells. A SRB (Sulforhodamine B) assay was employed to assess the cell viability, and a radioimmunoassay was used to measure the androgen concentration. Moreover, real-time PCR (RT-PCR), Western blot analysis and ELISA were used to determine the transcription and expression of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), AKR1C3 and androgen receptor (AR). Meanwhile, a reporter gene assay was performed to determine the AR activity. Additionally, a castrated nude mouse xenograft tumour model was produced to verify the inhibitory effect of MSNs-siAKR1C3 in vivo. The results showed that the optimal weight ratio of MSNs/siAKR1C3 was 140:1, and the complex could effectively enter cells, downregulate AKR1C3 expression, reduce the androgen concentration, inhibit AR activation, and inhibit CRPC development both in vitro and in vivo. These results indicate that decreasing intracrine androgen synthesis and inactivating AR signals by MSNs-siAKR1C3 may be a potential effective method for CRPC treatment.

14.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 94(4): 773-781, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the characteristics and the factors influencing the occurrence of the Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome (HAVS) for a population grinding handheld workpieces in a subtropical environment. METHODS: A total of 803 workers grinding handheld workpieces formed the exposure group and 464 workers not exposed to hand-transmitted vibration (HTV) were recruited as the non-exposed group within the same factory in a subtropical climate area. The basic personal information and clinical symptoms reported were collected by trained physicians using a questionnaire and representative measurements were made of the HTV exposure levels and dose. RESULTS: The average HTV exposure dose A(8) was measured as 5.3 ± 2.0 m/s2. The proportion of grinders reporting finger blanching was 15.4% while it was 27.5% for finger numbness. Among the non-exposed group, that proportion was 0% and 6.3% respectively. There was a positive association between the vibration exposure duration and the occurrence of finger blanching, finger numbness and finger coldness. Riding a motorcycle to work was also identified as a factor that could contribute to a higher prevalence of finger blanching among the exposed workers, the OR value was found to be 1.75 (1.12, 2.75). CONCLUSIONS: Workers exposed to vibration in a subtropical area can also present evidence of finger blanching in addition to neurological symptoms. The reported rate of HAVS was positively associated with the exposure duration. And the levels of the duration of exposure relative to symptoms of vibration white finger in a subtropical temperate environment exposed to a high-frequency vibration might be deemphasized by the current ISO weighting. Motorcycle transportation to work was identified as a factor that could influence the development of the HAVS among the exposed population of grinders.

15.
Plant Sci ; 303: 110685, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33487368

RESUMO

Sucrose non-fermenting-1-related protein kinase 2 s (SnRK2 s) are important stress-related plant protein kinases in plants. The interaction partners and phosphorylation substrates of group II and III SnRK2 s in Arabidopsis thaliana have been identified, but similar data for group I SnRK2 s are very limited. Here, we used a yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) screen to find proteins that interact with Arabidopsis AtSnRK2.4, a group I SnRK2. The transcription factor AtMYB21 was identified as an AtSnRK2.4 interaction partner, and its interaction with AtSnRK2.4 was confirmed by an in vitro pull-down assay and a bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) assay. A subcellular localization assay demonstrated that AtSnRK2.4 and AtMYB21 were located in the cytoplasm and nucleus of onion epidermal cells. AtSnRK2.4 and AtMYB21 were expressed in many tissues and upregulated in response to NaCl stress. Transgenic plants that overexpressed AtSnRK2.4 or AtMYB21 gene exhibited enhanced tolerance to salt stress at germination and post-germination stages. Moreover, the expression of downstream stress-responsive genes was upregulated in salt-stressed AtSnRK2.4 and AtMYB21 transgenic Arabidopsis. These results suggest that AtSnRK2.4 may act synergistically with AtMYB21 to mediate the response to salt stress through the upregulation of downstream stress-responsive genes.

16.
Transplant Rev (Orlando) ; 35(1): 100592, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422927

RESUMO

Background-objectives: Liver transplantation (LT) and combined liver and kidney transplantation (CLKT) have been proposed as enzyme replacement therapies for methylmalonic aciduria (MMA). We aimed to synthesize the available evidence on their safety and efficacy. METHODS: Medline, Embase and Cochrane library were searched to identify studies that reported post-LT/CLKT clinical outcomes of MMA from their inception to February 1, 2020. The pooled rate was calculated using random-effects model with Freeman-Tukey double arcsine transformation method. RESULTS: Thirty-two studies involving 109 patients were included. The pooled estimate rates were 99.9% (95% CI 95.3-100.0) for patient survival, 98.5% (95% CI 91.5-100.0) for graft survival after LT/CLKT. The combined incidence of biliary, vascular complications and rejection were 0.2% (95% CI 0.0-6.6), 7.7% (95% CI 0.1-22.1) and 18.4% (95% CI 4.6-36.3), respectively. The pooled estimate rates were 100.0% (95% CI 99.4-100.0) for metabolic eradication, 61.5% (95% CI: 33.4-87.0) for normalization of kidney function. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) remission is more promising after CLKT (70.3% VS 37.6% in LT group). The pooled estimate rates for neurodevelopmental status improvement and protein intake liberalization were 52.0% (95% CI 2.8-98.8) and 36.3% (95% CI 6.3-71.7), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This first quantitative systematic review confirms favorable survival outcomes and partially improved disease-related complications in transplanted MMA patients, although some results should be interpreted with caution. Future studies with detailed description of long-term outcomes and consensus on neurodevelopmental evaluation method can help provide a more accurate picture.

17.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 207: 111553, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254410

RESUMO

Duckweed (Landoltia punctata) is an ideal species to restore cadmium (Cd)-polluted waters due to its fast growth and easy harvesting. To understand its tolerance and detoxification mechanism, the Cd stress responses, subcellular Cd distribution and chemically bound Cd forms (especially protein-bound Cd) were surveyed in this study. L. punctata, a potential Cd bioremediation plant, was cultured hydroponically with Cd concentrations of 0.0, 0.5, 2.0, and 5.0 mg L-1 for 5 days. The results showed that the Cd content in L. punctata increased significantly as the Cd content increased. The majority of Cd was localized in the soluble fraction (23-55%) and the cell wall fraction (21-54%), and only 14-23% of Cd was located in cell organelles. Analysis of the Cd chemical forms demonstrated that the largest portion of Cd was found in 1 M NaCl extracts, followed by d-H2O and 2% HAc extracts, indicating that Cd was mainly bound to different proteins. Albumin- and globulin-bound Cd forms were predominant, together accounting for over 80% of the total protein-bound Cd in L. punctata. These results indicate that cell wall immobilization and vacuolar dissociation of Cd are possible primary strategies for Cd biosorption and detoxification in L. punctata, which occur mainly through chemical forms changes, especially the binding of Cd to proteins.


Assuntos
Araceae/metabolismo , Cádmio/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cádmio/toxicidade , Tolerância a Medicamentos , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
18.
Transpl Int ; 34(3): 412-422, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33316839

RESUMO

The objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the incidence of de novo autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) in children and adolescents with increased autoantibodies after liver transplantation. We systematically retrieved studies from PubMed, Embase, Central, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang published before February 1, 2020. All analyses were conducted using R-4.0.1 statistical package (Meta). Seven studies with high quality were pooled in our final analysis (N = 251 participants). The incidence of de novo AIH was 9% [95% confidence interval (CI) 1-23%, I2  = 86%]. Subgroup analysis suggested that publications not using the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (IAIHG) criteria have marginally significantly higher incidence of de novo AIH than those using IAIHG criteria (P for interaction = 0.08). The incidence of chronic rejection was 8% (95% CI 2-17%, I2  = 72%). Meta-regression indicated significant correlation (P = 0.04; estimate: 1.51) between the incidence of de novo AIH and the rate of increase of antibodies to liver/kidney microsome (anti-LKM). It is still challenging to distinguish de novo AIH and chronic rejection in children and adolescents with increased autoantibodies after liver transplantation. The diagnostic criteria for de novo AIH in children and adolescents and the role of anti-LKM in the development of de novo AIH deserve future investigation.

19.
Entropy (Basel) ; 22(9)2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33286684

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a fatal respiratory disease occurring in sleep. OSA can induce declined heart rate variability (HRV) and was reported to have autonomic nerve system (ANS) dysfunction. Variance delay fuzzy approximate entropy (VD_fApEn) was proposed as a nonlinear index to study the fluctuation change of ANS in OSA patients. Sixty electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings of the PhysioNet database (20 normal, 14 mild-moderate OSA, and 26 severe OSA) were intercepted for 6 h and divided into 5-min segments. HRV analysis were adopted in traditional frequency domain, and nonlinear HRV indices were also calculated. Among these indices, VD_fApEn could significantly differentiate among the three groups (p < 0.05) compared with the ratio of low frequency power and high frequency power (LF/HF ratio) and fuzzy approximate entropy (fApEn). Moreover, the VD_fApEn (90%) reached a higher OSA screening accuracy compared with LF/HF ratio (80%) and fApEn (78.3%). Therefore, VD_fApEn provides a potential clinical method for ANS fluctuation analysis in OSA patients and OSA severity analysis.

20.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 6(12): 7041-7050, 2020 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320616

RESUMO

Silk fibroin produced from silkworms has been intensively utilized as a scaffold material for a variety of biotechnological applications owing to its remarkable mechanical strength, extensibility, biocompatibility, and ease of biofunctionalization. In this research, we engineered silk as a novel trap platform capable of capturing microorganisms. Specifically, we first fabricated the silk material into a silk sponge by lyophilization, yielding a 3D scaffold with porous microstructures. The sponge stability in water was significantly improved by ethanol treatment with elevated ß-sheet content and crystallinity of silk. Next, we biofunctionalized the silk sponge with a poly-specific microbial targeting molecule, ApoH (apolipoprotein H), to enable a novel silk-based microbial trap. The recombinant ApoH engineered with an additional penta-tyrosine was assembled onto the silk sponge through the horseradish peroxidase (HRP) mediated dityrosine cross-linking. Last, the ApoH-decorated silk sponge was demonstrated to be functional in capturing our model microorganism targets, E. coli and norovirus-like particles. We envision that this biofabricated silk platform, capable of trapping a variety of microbial entities, could serve as a versatile scaffold for rapid isolation and enrichment of microbial samples toward future diagnostics and therapeutics. This strategy, in turn, can expedite advancing future biodevices with functionality and sustainability.

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