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Gynecol Minim Invasive Ther ; 9(2): 74-80, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32676284


Objectives: The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of autocross-linked hyaluronic acid (HA) compared with intrauterine device (IUD) for preventing intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) in infertile patients after hysteroscopic adhesiolysis. Materials and Methods: A randomized clinical trial (ChiCTR-IOR-16007746). Upon completion of adhesiolysis, 3 ml of HA gel was placed into the uterine cavity in Group A; 3 ml of HA gel and an IUD were placed in Group B; and only an IUD was placed in Group C. A second hysteroscopic examination was performed in all patients at approximately 1 month postoperatively for the evaluation of IUA. The primary outcome measure was the effective rate of IUA prevention based on the American Fertility Society (AFS) scoring system. Results: Eighty-nine women were randomly distributed into two groups for intention to treat with 30 patients in Group A, 24 patients in Group B, and 35 patients in Group C. Patients were scored and stratified into three degrees and were enrolled using the simple random sampling method. The three groups were well balanced. There were no significant differences in age, endometrial thickness, the previous number of pregnancy, and the distribution of adhesion categories across mild, moderate, and severe between the three groups. The effective rate of IUA prevention, the AFS score after therapy, and the percentage improvements of Chinese score and AFS score before and after surgery were statistically significant difference between Groups A and C. The clinical pregnancy rate in Group A was higher than those in Groups B and C, but the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: HA gel has an advantage over an IUD in reducing IUA recurrence and decreasing adhesions.

Arch Biochem Biophys ; 657: 23-30, 2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30222949


microRNA (miR)-141-3p has context-dependent effects on tumor progression. In this study, we attempted to explore the expression and function of miR-141-3p in cervical cancer. We found that miR-141-3p expression was significantly increased in cervical cancer specimens relative to normal cervical tissues. Moreover, miR-141-3p levels were associated with tumor size and lymph node metastasis status. Ectopic expression of miR-141-3p significantly increased cervical cancer cell proliferation, colony formation, invasion, and epithelial to mesenchymal transition, whereas depletion of miR-141-3p suppressed cervical cancer cell proliferation and invasion. FOXA2 was identified to be a target of miR-141-3p. Overexpression of miR-141-3p led to a marked inhibition of endogenous FOXA2 in cervical cancer cells. FOXA2 silencing phenocopied the effects of miR-141-3p overexpression on cervical cancer cell proliferation and invasion. Enforced expression of FOXA2 blocked the effects of miR-141-3p on cervical cancer cell proliferation and invasion. miR-141-3p overexpression significantly accelerated the growth of xenograft tumors, which was accompanied by a striking reduction in FOXA2 expression. miR-141-3p acts as an oncogene in cervical cancer largely through repression of FOXA2. Targeting miR-141-3p may represent a potential therapeutic strategy for cervical cancer.

Carcinogênese/genética , Fator 3-beta Nuclear de Hepatócito/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Regulação para Cima , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 19(5): 383-389, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29732749


The pathogenesis and therapeutic treatment of intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) remain unsolved, highlighting the need for stable and effective experimental animal models. In this study, uterine electrocoagulation of twenty-one female New Zealand White rabbits was carried out to establish an IUA model. As rabbits have two completely separate uterine horns, each rabbit had its own internal control: one uterine horn was given an electrothermal injury (Group A, n=21), and the contralateral uterine horn received no treatment and served as the control (Group B, n=21). The endometrial morphology, number of endometrial glands, area of endometrial fibrosis, and number of implanted fetuses were compared between the two groups. In Group A, the numbers of endometrial glands on Days 7 and 14 and the number of implanted fetuses were significantly lower than those in Group B (P<0.05, P<0.05, and P<0.01, respectively), while the ratio of the area with endometrial stromal fibrosis to the total endometrial area was significantly increased (P<0.01). These results suggest that this method of electrothermal injury is effective for the establishment of a rabbit IUA model between 7 and 14 d after surgery.

Modelos Animais de Doenças , Aderências Teciduais/etiologia , Doenças Uterinas/etiologia , Animais , Eletrocoagulação , Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Gravidez , Coelhos , Aderências Teciduais/patologia , Aderências Teciduais/terapia
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 18(11): 1022-1025, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29119739


This study aimed to evaluate fertility and oncologic outcomes in women with complex hyperplasia (CH) or complex atypical hyperplasia (CAH) who received fertility-sparing therapy and in vitro fertilization (IVF). Endometrial carcinoma is the most common carcinoma of the female genital tract, and is associated with endometrial hyperplasia (EH) resulting from long-term unopposed estrogenic stimulation of the endometrium. EH is characterized by non-physiological proliferation of endometrium that results in glands with irregular shapes and varying sizes. The World Health Organization (WHO) classified it into four types: simple or complex hyperplasia with or without atypia. CH is characterized by glands with irregular outlines that demonstrate marked structural complexity and back-to-back crowding. Atypical hyperplasia designates a proliferation of glands exhibiting cytologic atypia, in which varying degrees of nuclear atypia and loss of polarity are present. It has been reported that high-dose progestin is safe and efficient for CAH or early-stage low-grade carcinoma for young women who desire fertility-preserving treatment. However, few studies have reported the differences of pregnancy outcomes between patients with CAH and CH, while those patients take a great proportion in people suffered from infertility. More studies about the outcome of IVF are needed. Our aim is to evaluate fertility and oncological outcomes in women with CH or CAH who received fertility-sparing therapy.

Carcinoma/terapia , Hiperplasia Endometrial/terapia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Preservação da Fertilidade , Fertilização In Vitro , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Progestinas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Carcinoma/complicações , Hiperplasia Endometrial/complicações , Neoplasias do Endométrio/complicações , Endométrio , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/complicações , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Progestinas/efeitos adversos