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1.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 410, 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, many clinical trials have shown that inulin-type fructans (ITF) supplementation is associated with glycemic control; nevertheless, the results are inconclusive. The aim of this meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was to assess the effects of ITF supplementation on glycemic control. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched for eligible articles up to March 6, 2019. A random-effects model was used to analyze the pooled results, and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system was applied to assess the quality of evidence. The dose-response model was used to recommend the daily dose and duration for ITF supplementation. RESULTS: Thirty-three trials involving 1346 participants were included. Overall, ITF supplementation could significantly reduce concentrations of fasting blood glucose (FBG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting insulin (FINS) and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). In the prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) population, a more significant reduction in FBG [weighted mean difference (WMD): - 0.60 mmol/l; 95% CI - 0.71, - 0.48 mmol/l; high rate], HbA1c (WMD: - 0.58%; 95% CI - 0.83, - 0.32%; high rate), FINS (WMD: - 1.75 µU/ml; 95% CI - 2.87, - 0.63 µU/ml; low rate), and HOMA-IR (WMD: - 0.69; 95% CI - 1.10, - 0.28; low rate) were observed, and ITF supplementation with a daily dose of 10 g for a duration of 6 weeks and longer was recommended. Moreover, subgroup analyses suggested that the effects of glycemic control were significantly influenced by the sex of the subjects and the type and the method of intake of ITF. CONCLUSIONS: Our analyses confirmed that these four main glycemic indicators were significantly reduced by ITF supplementation, particularly in the prediabetes and T2DM population. Evidence supports that reasonable administration of ITF supplementation may have potential clinical value as an adjuvant therapy for prediabetes and T2DM management. Trial registration The trial was registered at PROSPERO as CRD42018115875 on November 23, 2018.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29942286

RESUMO

Background: Cytochrome P450 family 17 subfamily A member 1 (CYP17A1) gene encodes a key enzyme in the synthesis and metabolism of steroid hormones and has been associated with various factors, such as hypertension, insulin resistance, and polycystic ovary syndrome. However, whether the gene was associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has not been reported yet. Therefore, we sought to investigate whether CYP17A1 was associated with T2DM and related traits among Han Chinese. Methods: Three tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1004467, rs17115149, and rs12413409), in the CYP17A1 gene region were selected and genotyped in a case-control study that included 440 diabetes and 1,320 control subjects. Effects of genetic loci were studied using univariate unconditional logistic regression and multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, family history, body mass index, smoking, and drinking. Bioinformatics analysis was also conducted using the GEO DataSets and PROMO database to gain hints of possible mechanism. Results: Rs17115149 and rs12413409 polymorphisms were significantly associated with the risk of T2DM, even after adjusting for age, sex, family history, body mass index, smoking, and drinking. In stratified analyses, rs1004467 and rs12413409 showed significant association with T2DM in the older age group (≥65 years) and, in the case of rs12413409, the risk of T2DM was significant in men but not in women. Rs17115149 had significant association with T2DM in the hypertension subgroup, and rs12413409 in the non-hypertension subgroup. Moreover, rs12413409 showed significant association with plasma glucose levels in the recessive model (P = 0.020) among subjects not taking hypoglycemic measures. Bioinformatics analysis revealed significantly higher CYP17A1 gene expression in T2DM patients compared to healthy controls. Finally, the mutant T allele of the rs17115149 polymorphism allowed binding to the RBP-Jkappa transcription factor. Conclusion: This is the first report to identify that variants rs1004467, rs17115149, and rs12413409 of CYP17A1, are related to plasma glucose levels and T2DM among Han Chinese. Our results suggest that CYP17A1 might constitute a risk gene for progression to T2DM.

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