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1.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900925

RESUMO

To examine the associations between fasting blood glucose (FBG) trajectories, the changes in FBG over time and the risk of cancer, particularly for gastrointestinal cancer, we enrolled 69,742 participants without diabetes from the Kailuan cohort. FBG trajectories (2006-2010) were modeled by group-based trajectory modeling, and five trajectories were identified: low-increasing (n = 6,275), moderate-stable (n = 44,120), moderate-increasing (n = 10,149), elevated-decreasing (n = 5,244) and elevated-stable (n = 3,954). A total of 1,364 cancer cases were accumulated between 2010 and 2015, including 472 gastrointestinal cancer cases. We used Cox proportional hazards regression models to evaluate the associations between FBG trajectory patterns and the risk of cancer. We further assessed the associations while carefully controlling for initial body mass index (BMI) in 2006 and for changes in BMI during 2006-2010. Relative to the moderate-stable group, we found a higher hazard ratio (HR) for overall cancer in the low-increasing group (HR = 1.26, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06-1.50); and for gastrointestinal cancer in the elevated-stable group (HR = 1.66, 95% CI 1.22-2.26). Moreover, among participants with an initial BMI ≥25 kg/m2 , a positive association with the low-increasing group was observed for both overall cancer and gastrointestinal cancer (HR = 1.54, 95% CI 1.17-2.04; HR = 1.65, 95% CI 1.02-2.66; respectively); among participants with a stable BMI (4.40% loss-5.15% gain), a positive association with the elevated-stable group was observed both for overall cancer and gastrointestinal cancer (HR = 1.43, 95% CI 1.10-1.87; HR = 1.95, 95% CI 1.33-2.86; respectively). Our study observed that FBG trajectories were associated with cancer risk among participants without diabetes, and BMI may modify the associations.

2.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487319894685, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914807

RESUMO

AIMS: The role of tea consumption in the primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease remains unclear in cohort studies. This prospective cohort study aimed to investigate the associations of tea consumption with the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. METHODS: We included 100,902 general Chinese adults from the project of Prediction for ASCVD Risk in China (China-PAR) in 15 provinces across China since 1998. Information on tea consumption was collected through standardized questionnaires. Outcomes were identified by interviewing study participants or their proxies, and checking hospital records and/or death certificates. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals related to tea consumption. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 7.3 years, 3683 atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease events, 1477 atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease deaths, and 5479 all-cause deaths were recorded. Compared with never or non-habitual tea drinkers, the hazard ratio and 95% confidence interval among habitual tea drinkers was 0.80 (0.75-0.87), 0.78 (0.69-0.88), and 0.85 (0.79-0.90) for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease incidence, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease mortality, and all-cause mortality, respectively. Habitual tea drinkers had 1.41 years longer of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease-free years and 1.26 years longer of life expectancy at the index age of 50 years. The observed inverse associations were strengthened among participants who kept the habit during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Tea consumption was associated with reduced risks of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality, especially among those consistent habitual tea drinkers.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961500

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although several individual nutrients/foods are associated with uric acid status, the association of overall diet quality with hyperuricemia remains unclear. We thus examined the association between adherence to the dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet and odds of having hyperuricemia in a Chinese adult population. METHODS: Included were 71,893 Chinese participants of the Kailuan Study I and the Kailuan Study II (mean age: 51.4 y), free of gout prior to or in 2014. Dietary intakes were assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire and the DASH score was calculated based on consumptions of vegetables, fruit, dairy, beans, whole grains, meat, fat, sodium and sugar-sweetened beverage. Fasting blood samples were collected in 2014 and hyperuricemia was defined as serum uric acid concentrations of ≥7mg/dl for men and ≥ 6mg/dl for women. Association between the DASH score and hyperuricemia was assessed using multiple logistic regression models, adjusting for age, sex, total energy, obesity, physical activity, education, smoking, alcohol drinking, blood pressure, fasting glucose, lipid profiles, renal function and presence of cardiovascular disease. RESULTS: High DASH score was associated with low odds of having hyperuricemia (adjusted OR for quartile 4 vs. quartile 1=0.70; 95% CI, 0.66 to 0.75; P-trend <0.001), after adjusting for potential confounders. The association between the DASH diet and hyperuricemia was more pronounced among older people (≥50 y), women and physically inactive participants, compared with their counterparts (p-interaction <0.01 for all). CONCLUSION: The DASH diet was associated with a low likelihood of having hyperuricemia in Chinese adults.

4.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 45(1): 84-94, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study was to characterize the association of cumulative exposure to increased high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) with chronic kidney diseases (CKD). METHODS: We included 35,194 participants with hs-CRP measured at three examinations in 2006, 2008, 2010. Participants were classified into nonexposed group (hs-CRP <3.0 mg/L in all 3 examinations), 1-exposed group (hs-CRP ≥3.0 mg/L in 1 of the 3 examinations), 2-exposed group (hs-CRP ≥3.0 mg/L in 2 of the 3 examinations), and 3-exposed group (hs-CRP ≥3.0 mg/L in 3 examinations). Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the association of cumulative hs-CRP with incident CKD. CKD includes an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or urinary protein positive. RESULTS: The study showed the risk of CKD as the number of years of exposure to hs-CRP increases. Participants in 3-exposed group had significantly increased CKD risk with hazard ratio (HR) (95% confidence interval, CI) of 1.70 (1.49-1.93), in comparison with 1.47 (1.34-1.62) for participants in the 2-exposed group, and 1.08 (1.00-1.16) for those in the 1-exposed group (p < 0.01); meanwhile, the similar and significant associations were also observed for eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, proteinuria positive, in participants of the 3-exposed group in comparison with the nonexposed group, with respective HRs (95% CI) of 1.27 (1.01-1.58) and 2.27 (1.87-2.76). CONCLUSIONS: Cumulative exposure to hs-CRP was associated with a subsequent increased risk of CKD and was of great value to risk prediction.

5.
Cancer Med ; 9(2): 816-823, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773920

RESUMO

To build a simple predictive model as a guide to stratify average-risk population for colonoscopy examinations. We collected data from 92 923 males without a prior history of cancer enrolled in the Kailuan Cohort Study of China. Risk factors included in the evaluation of colorectal cancer (CRC) were collected by questionnaire-based interviews at the baseline. Logistic regression coefficients for incident CRC predictors were converted into risk scores by the absolute value of the smallest coefficient in the model and rounding up to the nearest integer. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis with the leave-one-out cross-validation method was applied to evaluate model performance. In the 10-year follow-up, 353 CRC patients were in the cohort. Age, alcohol consumption, waist circumference, occupational sitting time, and history of diabetes were selected for the scoring system, and the adjusted area under the ROC was 0.66. Population in the highest risk group (16-19 points) had a 33.12-fold (95% CI: 13.44-81.59) higher risk of CRC than those in the lowest risk group. When we defined 13 points as the cut-off, the sensitivity and specificity of the scoring system for CRC were 67.99% and 62.42%, respectively. A simple scoring system for CRC has been developed to identify men at an increased relative risk of CRC within 10 years using several well-established risk factors, which allows selection of asymptomatic candidates for priority of CRC screening and saving the health resource in cancer prevention and control.

6.
Hypertens Res ; 43(2): 140-147, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666712

RESUMO

Some studies have shown that a higher ideal cardiovascular health score (CVHS) predicts a lower incidence of arterial stiffness. Few studies have used multiple measurements of CVHS to examine the impact of CVHS on arterial stiffness. The current study aimed to identify the long-term patterns in CVHS trajectory and to explore the association between CVHS trajectory and arterial stiffness. The study cohort consisted of 18,854 participants from the Kailuan Study who were followed up for five physical examinations over 8.10 years. Five discrete CVHS trajectories were identified among the participants: low-stable (8.10%), low-moderate (6.84%), moderate-low (23.46%), moderate-stable (39.83%), and elevated-stable (21.77%). After adjustment for confounding factors, generalized linear model analysis showed that CVHS trajectory group correlated negatively with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). Compared with the low-stable group, the low-moderate group, moderate-low group, moderate-stable group, and elevated-stable group had B values of -41.81, -24.11, -86.79, and -169.54, respectively. We also used logistic regression to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for CVHS trajectory groups and arterial stiffness. In fully adjusted models, ORs were 0.76 (95% CI: 0.62-0.94) for the low-moderate group, 0.80 (95% CI: 0.67-0.97) for the moderate-low group, 0.51 (95% CI: 0.42-0.62) for the moderate-stable group, and 0.23 (95% CI: 0.18-0.29) for the elevated-stable group compared with the low-stable group. The results were consistent across a number of sensitivity analyses. In conclusion, the higher long-term attainment and the improvement of CVHS were negatively associated with baPWV and could reduce the risk of arterial stiffness. Our study emphasizes the importance of optimizing CVH throughout life to prevent the incidence of arterial stiffness.

7.
J Diabetes ; 12(2): 169-178, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461212

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between serum uric acid (SUA) and the risk of diabetic kidney diseases (DKD) remains controversial. We aim to investigate the association between time-averaged SUA and long-term incident DKD among general population-based patients with diabetes. METHODS: Altogether 1327 patients with diabetes and without kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73m2 , and without proteinuria) were included. Incident DKD were defined by the occurrence of renal function decline (eGFR<60 mL/min/1.73m2 ) and/or macroalbuminuria (urinary albumin-creatinine-ratio ≥ 30 mg/mM creatinine). The associations between baseline and time-averaged SUA and DKD were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean age was 53.7 ± 8.0. During 10.2 ± 0.4 years' follow-up, 85 (6.4%) patients developed renal function decline and 101 (7.6%) patients developed macroalbuminuria. Compared to those with time-averaged SUA in the second quartile (207-240 µM/L for women, 233-272 µM/L for men), odds ratio (OR) for renal function decline was 1.92 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02 to 3.62; P = .04) among those with SUA in the top quartile (women≥285 µM/L; men≥324 µM/L); and OR for macroalbuminuria was 1.86 (95% CI 1.01 to 3.43; P = .05) among those with SUA in the bottom quartile (women ≤207 µM/L; men ≤233 µM/L)). No significant associations were observed between baseline SUA with incident DKD. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term exposure to both high and low SUA level are associated with increased risk of incident DKD among patients with diabetes.

8.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 22(1): 39-46, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31873983

RESUMO

The study aimed to determine the different status of hypertension and diabetes on the risk of new-onset chronic kidney disease (CKD) events in Kailuan Study. A total of 21 905 individuals were enrolled in the study. The new-onset incidents of CKD, hypertension, and diabetes were collected in the follow-ups. All the individuals were divided into five groups according to baseline and follow-up hypertension and diabetes status: baseline hypertension (BH), baseline hypertension and incidence of diabetes (BHID), baseline diabetes (BD), baseline diabetes and incidence of hypertension (BDIH), and baseline hypertension and diabetes (BHD). The risk of new-onset CKD of the five groups was calculated using the Cox regression analysis. In the median follow-up of 7.05 ± 2.59 years, the prevalence of new-onset CKD in the group of BH, BHID, BD, BDIH, and BHD were 27.1, 43.79, 25.4, 36.6, and 45.1 per 1000 years, respectively. When adjusted possible confounders, the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of new-onset CKD were 1.50 (95% CI: 1.38-1.63), 1.25(95% CI: 1.07-1.47), and 1.52 (95% CI: 1.35-1.7) in the group of BHID, BDIH, and BHD, respectively, as referred to the BH group (P < .001). No obvious difference was observed in the group of BH and BD for the incidence of new-onset CKD. Sensitivity analysis still showed the similar results among the five groups. The study showed that the effect of simple hypertension or simple diabetes on new-onset CKD was not significantly different, but the incidence of new-onset hypertension or diabetes increased the risk of new-onset CKD. Hypertension and diabetes had a synergistic influence on the risk of new-onset CKD.

9.
Exp Ther Med ; 18(6): 4555-4566, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807146

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) combined with blood pressure (BP) on cardio-cerebrovascular events. Participants who received health examinations during the periods 2010-2011, 2012-2013 and 2014-2015 were recruited. The participants were divided into four groups according to their BP and baPWV levels as follows: Normotension + low baPWV, normotension + high baPWV, hypertension + low baPWV, and hypertension + high baPWV. The cumulative incidence of cardio-cerebrovascular events was calculated using life-table analysis, and the associations of BP and baPWV with cardio-cerebrovascular events were analyzed using a multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to calculate the predictive values of baPWV combined with BP, baPWV alone or BP alone for cardio-cerebrovascular events by comparing their area under the curve (AUC) using the normal approximation method. There were 20,310 participants with a mean age of 50.13±0.09 years in the present study, including 13,240 males. A total of 278 participants developed a cardio-cerebrovascular event after a mean follow-up period of 3.34±1.82 years. The cumulative incidence of cardio-cerebrovascular events in the normotension + low baPWV, normotension + high baPWV, hypertension + low baPWV and hypertension + high baPWV groups was 0.2, 0.9, 0.8 and 3.1%. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that compared with the normotension + low baPWV group, the risks of cardio-cerebrovascular events in the normotension + high baPWV, hypertension + low baPWV and hypertension + high baPWV groups were increased after adjusting for confounding factors, and their hazard ratios (95% CI) were 4.18 (2.23-7.83), 3.00 (1.39-6.47) and 9.34 (5.14-16.96), respectively. The AUC values for the predictive values of baPWV combined with BP, baPWV alone and BP alone on cardio-cerebrovascular events were calculated to be 0.744, 0.677 and 0.698, respectively. In conclusion, high baPWV accompanied by hypertension could increase the risk of cardio-cerebrovascular events. The predictive value of baPWV combined with BP on cardio-cerebrovascular events is superior compared with that of either baPWV or BP alone.

10.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 89: 105913, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838255

RESUMO

The optimal systolic blood pressure (SBP) treatment target in elderly people is full of challenge, and non-adherence is one major cause of uncontrolled BP. The Strategy of Blood Pressure Intervention in the Elderly Hypertensive Patients (STEP) trial is a multi-center, randomized controlled trial that aims to examine whether an intensive treatment (110 ≤ SBP < 130 mmHg) will provide more benefits in lowering cardiovascular events than a mild treatment (130 ≤ SBP < 150 mmHg) among people aged 60-80 years. From January 10, 2017 to December 31, 2017, 8511 patients with primary hypertension were recruited at 42 clinical centers throughout China and randomly assigned to the intensive or standard treatment in 1:1 ratio, in which clinical sites are considered as a stratification factor in randomization. Participants will be followed for an average of four years. All participants used the same validated home BP device and all centers used the same validated office BP device which can automatically upload the readings to a data center. The hospitals were randomly classified as the smartphone-based App center or usual care center in 1:1 ratio for the secondary purpose to study the effect of App management on BP control. In this trial, mean age of participants was 66.2 ± 4.8 years, 24.1% were in the range of 70-80 years, and 65% were at high-risk with the 10-year Framingham risk score ≥ 15%. In conclusion, STEP will provide evidence not only to address appropriate target of BP control among hypertensive patients aged 60-80 years, but also to assess an effective model of App management for hypertension. Trial Registration number: ClinicalTrials. gov. Unique identifier: NCT03015311.

11.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(11): 1293-1297, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852647

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive value of body mass index (BMI) combined with waist circumference (WC) for new-onset nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This community-based prospective cohort study was conducted among 3501 T2DM patients without NAFLD recruited from the staff of Kailuan Company, who underwent routine physical examination in the year 2006 and 2007, and a total of 2920 subjects were included in the final analysis. According to the baseline BMI and WC, the subjects were divided into group A (with normal BMI and WC), group B (with normal BMI but elevated WC), group C (with elevated BMI but a normal WC) and group D (with elevated BMI and WC). The subjects in the 4 groups were followed for the occurrence of NAFLD by reviewing their reports of physical examinations during the periods of 2008-2009, 2010-2011, 2012-2013, 2014-2015 and 2016-2017. The cumulative incidence of NAFLD was compared across the 4 groups and Cox regression analysis was used to test the correlation of BMI and WC with new onset of NAFLD. RESULTS: The cumulative incidence of NAFLD increased progressively in the 4 groups (50%, 66%, 68% and 77%, respectively). Cox regression analysis showed that compared with group A, groups B, C and D had increased risks of NAFLD after adjusting for age, gender and other risk factors, with HR values of 1.62, 1.98 and 2.47, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated BMI and WC are both independent risk factors for NAFLD in type 2 diabetic patients, and the combination of BMI and WC has a greater predictive value for NAFLD than either of them alone.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Índice de Massa Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Humanos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Obesidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura
12.
Front Oncol ; 9: 1047, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681585

RESUMO

Background: To investigate the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in Chinese men, this study was performed based on data from a large prospective cohort study conducted in China named the Kailuan men cohort study. Methods : A total of 104,333 eligible men who participated in biennial examinations at least once from 2006 to 2015 were recruited. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the effects of MetS components on CRC risk. Results: During an 824,211.96 person-years follow-up, 394 CRC cases were verified. Participants with high waist circumference (≥90 vs. <90 cm) had a significantly higher risk of developing incident CRC (HR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.07-1.64). Compared with participants with no MetS components, the HRs (95% CI) of developing CRC for men with 1, 2, and ≥3 MetS components were 1.53 (1.01-2.32), 1.42 (0.94-2.14), and 1.70 (1.12-2.56), respectively. In addition, a statistically significant trend (P for trend =0.04) of increased CRC risk with an increasing number of abnormal MetS components was observed. Furthermore, compared with no MetS components, the combination of high waist circumference and elevated fasting blood glucose along with normal levels of the other 3 components, showed a 126% increased risk of CRC. Conclusions: Our study suggests that CRC risk is correlated with the number of abnormal MetS components in Chinese men. Men with high waist circumference and elevated fasting blood glucose may have a higher CRC risk even if they do not meet the MetS diagnostic criteria.

13.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 6(12): 2368-2376, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714690

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine how urate concentrations are related to the risk of having possible REM sleep behavior disorder (pRBD) in a community-based cohort. METHODS: The study included 12,923 Chinese adults of the Kailuan Study, free of Parkinson disease (PD) and dementia. Plasma urate concentrations were measured in 2006, 2008, and 2010. Cumulative average urate concentration was used as primary exposure. In 2012, we determined pRBD status using a validated RBD questionnaire-Hong Kong (RBDQ-HK). Logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the association between urate concentrations during 2006-2010 and odds of having pRBD in 2012 or pRBD case with symptom onset within 1 year. RESULTS: Higher average urate concentrations were associated with a lower odds of pRBD (P-trend <0.001). The adjusted odds ratio (OR), for the highest versus lowest urate quintiles, was 0.43 (95% confidence intervals (CIs) 0.32-0.57). Significant association was consistently observed when we examined the association of a single urate assessment (2006 or 2010) or the rate of change in urate concentrations during 2006-2010 with pRBD (P-trend <0.001 for all). However, restricting to pRBD onset during 2011-2012, we observed a nonsignificant trend between high urate concentration and high odds of pRBD (P-trend = 0.09). INTERPRETATION: Higher average urate concentrations were associated with a lower likelihood of having pRBD, but not new-onset pRBD. Because of its observational study design, the result should be interpreted with caution due to the possibility of residual confounding.

14.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 16(9): 710-716, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645858

RESUMO

Background: Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a marker of arterial stiffness, which represents sub-clinical atherosclerosis. Pulsatile stress and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) are associated with arteriosclerosis. However, there is no prospective data confirming whether changes in pulsatile stress and inflammatory markers affect the progression of arterial stiffness. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships over time between the effects of changes in pulsatile stress and hs-CRP, and arterial stiffness progression during a 2-year follow-up. Methods: We performed a longitudinal study involving 3978 participants. All participants underwent a physical examination in 2010-2011 and 2012-2013, during which we measured participants' hs-CRP levels, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and pulsatile stress. Results: Baseline hs-CRP was correlated with baPWV (r = 0.18, P = 0.000); however the correlation was weaker than that with systolic blood pressure (r = 0.65), pulsatile stress (r = 0.57), and rate-pressure product (r = 0.58). Multiple linear regression analysis demonstrated that changes in pulsatile stress, mean arterial pressure, and low-density lipoprotein-C (LDL-C) were positively correlated with changes in baPWV, with correlation coefficients of 0.27, 0.25, and 0.07, respectively, but not with changes in hs-CRP. Moreover, each 100-aU increase in pulsatile stress, 1 mmHg increase in mean blood pressure, and 1 mmol/L increase in LDL-C was associated with a 3 cm/s, 4.78 cm/s, and 17.37 cm/s increase in baPWV, respectively. Conclusions: Pulsatile stress increases are associated with arterial stiffness progression, but that changes in hs-CRP had no effect on arterial stiffness progression. Hs-CRP may simply be a marker of inflammation in arterial stiffness and has no association with arterial stiffness progression.

15.
Int J Biometeorol ; 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650296

RESUMO

Few studies have been conducted to investigate the underlying mechanisms of the effect of temperature on cardiovascular disease at population level, especially among Chinese population. A total of 56,039 participants were recruited from Kailuan cohort study, China. The lipoprotein profile indicators, including triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein, were collected. Non-linear associations between temperature and the lipoprotein profile indicators were examined using a nonlinear function for temperature. Stratified analyses were performed in groups by individual characteristics (age, gender, and body mass index) and individual behaviors (physical activities and smoking habits). Generally, a non-linear relationship was found between cholesterol levels and temperature. A 1 °C decrease in temperature below the threshold was related with 0.004 mmol/L (95% CI 0.0004, 0.008), 0.022 mmol/L (95% CI 0.020, 0.025), and 0.009 mmol/L (95% CI 0.008, 0.011) increase in TG, LDL, and HDL, respectively; a 1 °C increase in temperature above the threshold was associated with 0.005 mmol/L (95% CI 0.003, 0.007), 0.012 mmol/L (95% CI 0.009, 0.015), and 0.002 mmol/L (95% CI 0.001, 0.004) increase in TG, LDL, and HDL, respectively. Stratified analyses showed that effect estimates on TG and LDL were larger among females, subjects with higher BMI, and those with smoking habits, while effect estimates on HDL were smaller among these subjects (expect for female). Our results suggest both cold and hot effect of temperature on cholesterol. Furthermore, females, and people with higher BMI or smoking habit may be more susceptible to outdoor temperature.

16.
Stroke ; 50(12): 3376-3384, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658904

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Previous results on the association between lipids and stroke were controversial. We investigated the association of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C ), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglyceride with stroke. Methods- Six cohort studies in China with 267 500 participants were included. Cox proportional hazards regression models and restricted cubic spline analyses were used to estimate hazard ratios and 95% CIs and explore linear and nonlinear relationships of lipids and stroke, respectively. Results- The median follow-up duration ranged from 6 to 19 years. During 2 295 881 person-years, 8072 people developed stroke. Multivariable adjusted hazard ratios (95% CIs) per 1 mmol/L increase in TC, LDL-C, triglyceride were 1.08 (1.05-1.11), 1.08 (1.04-1.11), 1.07 (1.05-1.09) for ischemic stroke, respectively. Compared with participants with TC 160-199.9 mg/dL, hazard ratios (95% CIs) were 1.43 (1.11-1.85) for hemorrhagic stroke in those with TC <120 mg/dL. Compared with participants with HDL-C 50 to 59.9 mg/dL, hazard ratios (95% CIs) were 1.23 (1.12-1.35), 1.13 (1.04-1.22) for ischemic stroke, and 1.28 (1.10-1.49), 1.17 (1.03-1.33) for hemorrhagic stroke in those with HDL-C <40 and 40 to 49.9 mg/dL, respectively. Restricted cubic spline analyses showed linear relationships of TC and LDL-C, and nonlinear relationships of HDL-C and triglyceride with ischemic stroke (all P<0.001). Hemorrhagic stroke showed linear relationships with TC and HDL-C (P=0.029 and <0.001 respectively), but no relationship with LDL-C and triglyceride (all P>0.05). Conclusions- TC, LDL-C, and triglyceride showed positive associations with ischemic stroke. The risk of hemorrhagic stroke was higher when TC was lower than 120 mg/dL. LDL-C and triglyceride showed no association with hemorrhagic stroke. The risks of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke might be higher when HDL-C was lower than 50 mg/dL.

17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14426, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594968

RESUMO

Recent studies proposed reasonable doubts about the good prognosis of very high levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c). We aimed to investigate the association between HDL-c levels and all-cause mortality using data from an observational cohort study in northern China from 2006 to 2015. The study population was stratified into six groups by HDL-c levels in mg/dl (<40, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, ≥80). Cox hazards regression models were used to estimate the association between HDL-c levels and all-cause mortality. In total, 100,070 participants (aged 51.9 ± 12.7 years) were included in the current analysis. During a mean follow-up of 8.76 years, 7,362 deaths were identified (mortality rate, 8.40 per 1000 person-years). There was a significant interaction effect between age and HDL-c levels (P for interaction < 0.001). Among individuals aged 65 and older, no significant association was found between HDL-c levels and total mortality. In contrast, HDL-c levels showed a U-shaped relationship with all-cause mortality in younger participants (<65 years old), and very high HDL-c levels (≥80 mg/dl) were independently associated with increased total mortality risk compared with the reference level (60 to 69 mg/dl). These findings suggest that very high HDL-c levels may not represent a good prognosis, especially in younger individuals.

18.
Obes Res Clin Pract ; 13(5): 453-461, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558371

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the joint association of body mass index (BMI) and central obesity with cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality in prediabetic population. METHODS: Altogether 18,703 participants with prediabetes completed follow-up between June 2006 and December 2015 were included in the analyses. Prediabetes was defined as fasting plasma glucose level 5.6-6.9mmol/L, and without history of diabetes or currently use of hypoglycemic agents. Participants were classified according to the baseline status of BMI as well as the absence/presence of central obesity. We examined these associations in men and women separately. RESULTS: The mean age was 51.5±11.1 years, and 85.6% (N=16,002) were male. During a median follow up of 9.0 (interquartile range 8.7-9.2) years, 848 and 88 major CV events occurred in men and women, respectively. Besides, 1111 men and 89 women died. Compared with men of BMI 22-23.9kg/m2 and without central obesity, the risk of CV events was increased among men with higher BMI and central obesity (HR 1.32 (95% CI: 1.05-1.67) for BMI 24-27.9kg/m2 and 1.31 (1.03-1.66) for BMI≥28kg/m2, respectively); and the risk of all-cause mortality was the lowest among men of BMI 24-27.9kg/m2 but without central obesity (0.75, 0.61-0.92). We found no such association in women. CONCLUSION: Among men with prediabetes, both BMI and waist circumference should be included when evaluating the risks of major CV events and mortality. Measurement of adiposity constitutes a simple and cost-effective strategy to identify those at high-risk population in prediabetes.

19.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(15): 5807-5816, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422381

RESUMO

In this study we tested whether vascular aging is associated with the risk of first stroke in the Kailuan cohort, a community-based Chinese cohort. For participants aged ≥ 50 years, healthy vascular aging (HVA) was defined as an absence of hypertension and a brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity < the mean + 2 standard deviations, which was determined from a reference sample of healthy participants aged < 30 years. The primary outcome was first stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic). In total, 11,474 participants were enrolled. The prevalence of HVA decreased from 36.0% in participants aged 50-59 years to 4.7% in those aged ≥ 70 years. During a median follow-up of 3.3 years, the incidence of first stroke was 0.5% in the HVA group but was 2.6% in the Non-HVA group. After adjusting for confounding variables, HVA was associated with a 0.32-fold lower risk of first stroke compared to the Non-HVA group (95% confidence interval, 0.18-0.56; p < 0.001). It thus appears that HVA reduced the risk of first stroke in a community-based Chinese population. This suggests that evaluation of vascular aging as part of public health screening may be useful for stroke risk assessment.

20.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352587

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the association between cumulative C-reactive protein (cumCPR) and arterial stiffness. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included 15,432 participants from the Kailuan Cohort. The participants were divided into four groups according to cumCRP quartiles. The average brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and detective rate of increased arterial stiffness were compared between exposure groups. Statistical analysis was performed with multiple logistic regression analysis to estimate the association between cumCRP and arterial stiffness by calculating the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The several sensitivity analyses were performed to test the robustness of our findings. RESULTS: The average baPWV increased from 1425.70 cm/s of Q1 group to 1626.48 cm/s of Q4 group. And the detective rate of arterial stiffness increased from 44.7 to 70.1% (P < 0.001). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting the confounding factors, compared to the Q1 group, the Q4 group had 42% (adjusted OR 1.42; 95% CI 1.24-1.63) higher arterial stiffness risk. In addition, 10% (adjusted OR 1.10; 95% CI 1.02-1.18) arterial stiffness risk was increased per 1 standard deviation (SD) of cumCRP after a fully adjusted regression model. CONCLUSION: Higher cumCRP exposure is associated with increased arterial stiffness.

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