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Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 5313-5328, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30464628


Background: The current study aims at using the whole genome expression profile chips for systematically investigating the diagnostic and prognostic values of excision repair cross-complementation (ERCC) genes in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Materials and methods: Whole genome expression profile chips were obtained from the GSE14520. The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve, survival analysis, and nomogram were used to investigate the diagnostic and prognostic values of ERCC genes. Investigation of the potential function of ERCC8 was carried out by gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and genome-wide coexpression analysis. Results: ROC analysis suggests that six ERCC genes (ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC3, ERCC4, ERCC5, and ERCC8) were dysregulated and may have potential to distinguish between HBV-related HCC tumor and paracancerous tissues (area under the curve of ROC ranged from 0.623 to 0.744). Survival analysis demonstrated that high ERCC8 expression was associated with a significantly decreased risk of recurrence (adjusted P=0.021; HR=0.643; 95% CI=0.442-0.937) and death (adjusted P=0.049; HR=0.631; 95% CI=0.399-0.998) in HBV-related HCC. Then, we also developed two nomograms for the HBV-related HCC individualized prognosis predictions. GSEA suggests that the high expression of ERCC8 may have involvement in the energy metabolism biological processes. As the genome-wide coexpression analysis and functional assessment of ERCC8 suggest, those coexpressed genes were significantly enriched in multiple biological processes of DNA damage and repair. Conclusion: The present study indicates that six ERCC genes (ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC3, ERCC4, ERCC5, and ERCC8) were dysregulated between HBV-related HCC tumor and paracancerous tissues and that the mRNA expression of ERCC8 may serve as a potential biomarker for the HBV-related HCC prognosis.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol ; 45(3): 226-233, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29047147


Epilepsy is a common complex neurological disorder, and some forms are resistant to drug treatment. The HCN1/HCN2 genes encode hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channels, which play important roles in the electrophysiology of neurons. We investigated the association between HCN1/HCN2 variants and drug resistance or the risk of genetic generalized epilepsies (GGEs). We used matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry to assess nine variants of HCN1/HCN2 in 284 healthy participants and 483 GGEs (279 drug-responsive, 204 drug-resistant). Frequencies of HCN2 rs7255568 and rs3752158 G alleles differed in GGEs and in controls (P = .039, P = .027, respectively). The frequency of HCN2 haplotype (CAC) was higher in patients than controls (P = .046). The frequency of the HCN1 rs10462087 CC+CT genotype was lower in patients with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) than controls (P = .047). Rs7255568 was associated with the risk of CAE (P = .028) and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) (P = .02). Rs3752158 was associated with the risk of generalized tonic-clonic seizures, JME, and febrile seizures (all P < .05). The frequency of the HCN2 haplotype (CAC) was higher in patients with JME (P = .015) and in those with febrile seizures (P = .024) than in controls. No significant association was found between HCN1/HCN2 alleles, genotypes or haplotypes, and drug resistance in patients. After Bonferroni's multiple comparisons correction, only the HCN2 rs3752158 C allele and GC+CC genotype frequencies in patients with JME were higher than those in controls (19.2% vs 11.6%, odds ratio (OR) = 1.71, 95% CI = 1.18-2.32), P = .004 < 0.05/9; 36% vs 22.2%, OR = 1.62(1.18-2.23), P = .003 < 0.05/9). Our study suggests that HCN2 rs3752158 is involved in the susceptibility to JME.

Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Epilepsia Generalizada/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Canais Disparados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos Ativados por Hiperpolarização/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Canais de Potássio/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Resistência a Medicamentos/genética , Epilepsia Generalizada/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Canais Disparados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos Ativados por Hiperpolarização/genética , Masculino , Canais de Potássio/genética
Exp Ther Med ; 13(3): 917-923, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28450920


The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals and to study the infection status of HCV RNA in HIV-infected individuals who did not have anti-HCV antibodies in the Guangxi province of China, in order to provide basis for screening and clinical treatment of hepatitis C in future. Data were collected from patients recruited via a questionnaire. Between August 2008 and January 2009, 300 HIV-infected individuals were randomly selected from various HIV monitoring points in Liuzhou and Qinzhou (Guangxi, China). In addition, 41 patients with only hepatitis C were recruited from a hospital clinic (First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China). HCV antibodies in patient serum samples were detected by ELISA. HCV RNA expression was detected using nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR), HCV RNA levels in the serum were evaluated using quantitative fluorescence PCR, and HCV genotypes were confirmed using restriction fragment length polymorphism. The infection rate of HCV in the HIV-infected people was 48.67%. The anti-HCV positive rate differed between routes of disease transmission: Anti-HCV positive rate was 63.7% among drug users, 34.96% among sex-transmitted persons and 1.37% among other persons. In the anti-HCV-negative group, the HCV RNA-positive rate was 26.62%. In the anti-HCV-positive group, HCV RNA positive rate was 78.08%. HCV RNA level of HIV/HCV coinfected patients was higher than those infected with HCV alone, and there was no difference of anti-HCV-positive rate among different levels of HCV RNA. HCV genotypes of HIV/HCV coinfected persons showed diversity across Guangxi, and the predominant ones were the 1b and mixed subtypes. The predominant HCV genotypes were 6a, mixed subtypes and 3b amongst patients that contracted HCV via drug use-related routes of transmission. The patients with HCV transmission routes other than drug-related routes possessed 1b and 1a+1b genotypes. In conclusion, there was a large proportion of HIV infected persons with mixed HCV infection in the Guangxi province of China. The present results show that 26.62% of HCV-infected persons will be fail to be diagnosed with hepatitis C virus coinfection if we simply use ELISA to detect HCV antibody. The predominant HCV genotypes were 1b, mixed, 6a and 3b in HIV/HCV coinfected persons.

J Ethnopharmacol ; 160: 1-5, 2015 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25446633


ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Acanthus ilicifolius L. is an important medicinal mangrove plant. It is popularly used for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant activity and hepatoprotective effects. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of treatment with alcohol extract of Acanthus ilicifolius L. on duck hepatitis B. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-day-old Guangxi shelducks injected intraperitoneally with strong positive duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) serum were used to establish a duck hepatitis B animal model in the study. The ducks were respectively administered in different groups with low-, middle- and high-dose alcohol extracts of Acanthus ilicifolius L., the positive control drug acyclovir (ACV) and double-distilled water. The levels of serum DHBV DNA were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR (FQ-PCR). Duck hepatitis B surface antigen (DHBsAg) and duck hepatitis B e antigen (DHBeAg) OD values in the serum were measured by ELISA. The activity of Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) in the serum was measured, and the livers were taken for histopathological examination. RESULTS: The levels of serum DHBV DNA and the values of DHBsAg and DHBeAg OD were not significant in any of the dose extract groups. However, the ALT activity was obviously lower in the middle- and high-dose extract groups. It was also found that a high dose of alcohol extract could reduce the activity of AST significantly and significantly improve hepatic pathological effects. CONCLUSIONS: High-dose alcohol extract of Acanthus ilicifolius L. has an obvious protective effect on the liver function and liver tissue. However, the present study finds that Acanthus ilicifolius L. cannot inhibit the replication of duck hepatitis B virus.

Acanthaceae/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Hepadnaviridae/tratamento farmacológico , Vírus da Hepatite B do Pato/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatite Viral Animal/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fitoterapia , Aciclovir/farmacologia , Aciclovir/uso terapêutico , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , DNA Viral/sangue , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Patos , Infecções por Hepadnaviridae/patologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite Viral Animal/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Carga Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
Bing Du Xue Bao ; 26(4): 290-4, 2010 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20836382


To investigate HIV-1 subtype distribution and prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance in Liuzhou and Nanning, a total of 304 HIV-infected subjects or AIDS patients from Liuzhou and Nanning were recruited. Whole blood was withdrawn from a peripheral vein of each subject. HIV RNA were extracted from plasma, and subjected to PCR amplification targeting HIV pol gene fragment and DNA sequencing. Sequences obtained were subtyped by phylogenetic analysis. Two subtypes, CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC, were found in subjects from Liuzhou, accounting for 75.2% and 24.8%, respectively. Subtype CRF01 AE, CRFO8_BC, B, and C were found in subjects from Nanning. CRF01_AE and CRF08 BC were still the dominant strains in Nanning, accounting for 85.8% and 11.5%, respectively. Sequences were also analyzed for drug resistance mutations, and rates of drug resistance were calculated. The rate of drug resistance was 3.3% in ART-naive subjects from Liuzhou, and 8.7% in the ART-experienced. For patients from Nanning, the rate was 1.4% in ART-naive subjects, and 27.5% in ART-experienced subjects.

Farmacorresistência Viral , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , HIV-1/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , China/epidemiologia , Genótipo , Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/classificação , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , HIV-1/genética , Humanos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20718364


OBJECTIVE: To establish a rapid nested multiplex PCR assay for subtyping HIV-1 CRF01_AE, CRF07_BC, CRF08_BC, B, and C strains prevailing in Guangxi. METHOD: Subtype-specific primers were designed for these subtypes based on their gag sequences. The subtypes of HIV-1 samples from Guangxi were determined by nested multiplex PCR and DNA sequencing and phylogenetic analysis, respectively, and then the sensitivity and the specificity of nested multiplex PCR were calculated. RESULTS: Nested multiplex PCR could correctly classify the 5 known-subtype samples, and were not reactive to all HIV-negative samples. Of the 72 HIV-positive samples, 66 were correctly identified as CRF01_AE, CRF07_BC, CRF08_BC, and B by this assay, giving a sensitivity of 91.7% (66/72), and a specificity of 100%. CONCLUSION: This assay is a simple, fast, and cost-effective subtyping method for HIV-1 CRF01-AE, CRF07_BC, CRF08_BC, and B strains prevailing in Guangxi.

Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , China , Primers do DNA/genética , Genótipo , HIV-1/classificação , HIV-1/genética , Humanos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/economia