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1.
Talanta ; 235: 122719, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517587

RESUMO

Here, a dual lock-and-key fluorescence probe was developed for visualizing the inflammatory process in myocardial H9C2 cells. The probe possessed two-photon properties, viscosity sensitivity, and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) responsiveness. A thiocarbamate spacer between fluorophore and H2O2 responsive unit enabled the release of carbonyl sulfide (COS). This rapidly converts to the anti-inflammatory hydrogen sulfide (H2S) by the ubiquitous enzyme carbon anhydrase. The probe displayed a dual response towards hydrogen peroxide and viscosity in vitro. No obvious fluorescence changes were observed towards either hydrogen peroxide or viscosity alone. In cellular experiments, the probe demonstrated good biocompatibility, low toxicity, and was shown responses towards exogenous and endogenous hydrogen peroxide under viscosity conditions. LPS induced cell inflammation showed it was able to effectively alleviate the inflammation-caused damage by releasing H2S and eliminating H2O2. The new protocol demonstrates its promising to achieve diagnosis and treatment of cellular inflammatory process.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Fluorescência , Células HeLa , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Viscosidade
2.
Chem Soc Rev ; 50(1): 9-38, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169731

RESUMO

Indicator displacement assays (IDAs) offer a unique and innovative approach to molecular sensing. IDAs can facilitate the detection of a range of biologically/environmentally important species, provide a method for the detection of complex analytes or for the determination and discrimination of unknown sample mixtures. These attributes often cannot be achieved by traditional molecular sensors i.e. reaction-based sensors/chemosensors. The IDA pioneers Inouye, Shinkai, and Anslyn inspired researchers worldwide to develop various extensions of this idea. Since their early work, the field of indicator displacement assays has expanded to include: enantioselective indicator displacement assays (eIDAs), fluorescent indicator displacement assays (FIDAs), reaction-based indicator displacement assays (RIAs), DimerDye disassembly assays (DDAs), intramolecular indicator displacement assays (IIDAs), allosteric indicator displacement assay (AIDAs), mechanically controlled indicator displacement assays (MC-IDAs), and quencher displacement assays (QDAs). The simplicity of these IDAs, coupled with low cost, high sensitivity, and ability to carry out high-throughput automation analysis (i.e., sensing arrays) has led to their ubiquitous use in molecular sensing, alongside the other common approaches such as reaction-based sensors and chemosensors. In this review, we highlight the various design strategies that have been used to develop an IDA, including the design strategies for the newly reported extensions to these systems. To achieve this, we have divided this review into sections based on the target analyte, the importance of each analyte and then the reported IDA system is discussed. In addition, each section includes details on the benefit of the IDAs and perceived limitations for each system. We conclude this Tutorial Review by highlighting the current challenges associated with the development of new IDAs and suggest potential future avenues of research.

3.
Anal Chem ; 91(20): 12874-12881, 2019 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518111

RESUMO

To achieve personalized healthcare, a quick, accurate, and high-throughput method to detect disease biomarkers is essential. In the traditional practice, mass spectrometry is one of the most powerful tools and is widely studied. However, the test of human serum usually requires complicated sample pretreatment, tedious operations, and precise condition control, especially for the detection of enzymes as biomarkers. As butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) has an indicative significance in detecting degenerative disease, liver injury, and organophosphate poisoning, the quick quantification of BuChE is of vital importance to the clinic. In this paper, we report the design and fabrication of a portable 3D-printed enzyme reactor paper spray cartridge (3D ER-PS) with integrated functions: temperature control, enzyme reaction, analyte transfer, and paper spray ionization. Coupled with mass spectrometry, quantitative testing of BuChE activity in human serum was realized conveniently and accurately. While it only requires very simple sample preparation, the results from current 3D ER-PS approach are well consistent with those obtained using Ellman's method. This 3D ER-PS platform not only provides a novel solution for the liquid biopsy of BuChE in clinics but also contributes to the development of quick and targeted medical approaches for analyzing other types of serum biomarker molecules in the field of disease diagnosis.


Assuntos
Butirilcolinesterase/sangue , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Intoxicação por Organofosfatos/diagnóstico , Papel , Praguicidas/envenenamento , Impressão Tridimensional/instrumentação , Ouro/química , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Intoxicação por Organofosfatos/enzimologia
4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(84): 11965-11968, 2018 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30289138

RESUMO

Utilizing the oxidation/elimination tandem reaction of the α-phenylseleno carbonyl moiety, a two-photon fluorescent probe for ratiometric visualization of hypochlorous acid was developed. Its superior sensing performance and practical applications were well demonstrated.

5.
Anal Chem ; 88(16): 8019-25, 2016 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27442152

RESUMO

Hydrogen peroxide, an important biomolecule, receives earnest attention because of its physiological and pathological functions. In this Article, we present the rational design, characterization, and biological application of a mitochondria-targetable NIR fluorescent sensor, Mito-NIRHP, for hydrogen peroxide visualization. Mito-NIRHP utilizes a unique reaction switch, α-ketoamide moiety, to turn on a highly specific, sensitive, and rapid fluorescence response toward hydrogen peroxide coupled with the intramolecular charge transfer strategy. Mito-NIRHP is competent to track endogenously produced hydrogen peroxide in both living cells and living animals. In addition, utilizing Mito-NIRHP, overgeneration of hydrogen peroxide during ischemia-reperfusion injury was directly visualized at both cell and organ levels.


Assuntos
Amidas/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/análise , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/diagnóstico por imagem , Amidas/síntese química , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Estrutura Molecular , Imagem Óptica
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