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1.
Chemistry ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166771

RESUMO

Ferritin is an iron-storage protein nanocage assembled by 24 subunits. The hollow cavity of ferritin enables its encapsulation of various therapeutic agents. Antibody-ferritin conjugate provides an effective approach for the targeted drug delivery. However, the complicated preparation and protein stability hampers wide applications of this system. Herein, we designed a novel nanobody-ferritin platform (Nb-Ftn) for targeted drug delivery. The site-specific conjugation between nanobody and ferritin is achieved by transglutaminase catalyzed protein ligation. This ligation strategy allows the Nb-conjugation after drug loading in ferritin, which avoids the deactivation of nanobody from the harsh pH required for drug encapsulation. To verify the tumor targeting of this Nb-Ftn platform, a photodynamic reagent, manganese phthalocyanine (MnPc) was loaded into the ferritin cavity, and an anti-EGFR nanobody was conjugated to the surface of ferritin. The ferritin nanocage can encapsulate about 82 MnPc molecules. This MnPc@Nb-Ftn conjugate can be efficiently internalized by EGFR positive A431 cancer cells, but not by EGFR negative MCF-7 cells. Upon 730 nm laser irradiation, MnPc@Nb-Ftn selectively killed EGFR positive A431 cells by generating ROS, whereas no obvious damage was observed on MCF-7 cells. As ferritin can be used for encapsulation of various therapeutic agents, this work provides a strategy for facile construction of nanobody-ferritin for targeted drug delivery.

2.
Dent Traumatol ; 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32170848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) are considered to be a public dental health problem worldwide. The aim of the current study was to provide the worldwide tendency and perspectives in TDIs in the last two decades via bibliometric analysis. METHODS: ''Tooth injuries'' was searched as the Medical Subject Headings term within PubMed with the date range from 1999 to 2018. Two investigators perused information in the articles according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The articles were independently categorized according to the following aspects: i) annual scholarly output; ii) leading countries or regions; iii) leading journals; iv) productive authors; v) citations; vi) study design; vii) distribution of topics; and viii) the type of dentition and TDIs. VOSviewer 1.6.7 and Citespace 5.2 were used for analyzing and visualizing bibliometric networks. RESULTS: A total of 2627 articles about traumatic dental injuries were published and indexed in PubMed during the two decades, and the number of publications on traumatic dental injuries was rising in general. The research outputs were mainly concentrated in developed countries and affiliated hospitals of universities. Brazil was the most productive country. The journal Dental Traumatology had the most contributions to the scientific research of traumatic dental injuries. "Case report" was the most frequent type of article (36.50%), followed by cross-sectional studies (19.57%) and case-control studies (13.67%). Most studies focused on the treatment of TDIs (38.94%), especially for avulsion (21.01%), crown fracture (9.71%) and intrusion (5.25%). Permanent teeth (66%) was the dominant dentition. CONCLUSION: There is a lack of high quality well-designed studies such as cohort studies. The number of publications on prevention and the primary dentition is disproportionate in relation to their significance.

3.
Int J Infect Dis ; 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171952

RESUMO

There is a current worldwide outbreak of the novel coronavirus Covid-19 (coronavirus disease 2019; the pathogen called SARS-CoV-2; previously 2019-nCoV), which originated from Wuhan in China and has now spread to 6 continents including 66 countries, as of 24:00 on March 2, 2020. Governments are under increased pressure to stop the outbreak spiraling into a global health emergency. At this stage, preparedness, transparency, and sharing of information are crucial to risk assessments and beginning outbreak control activities. This information should include reports from outbreak site and from laboratories supporting the investigation. This paper aggregates and consolidates the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatments and preventions of this new type of coronavirus.

4.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although estrogen deficiency has been proposed as a risk factor for oral mucosal inflammatory diseases in post-menopausal women, the mechanisms involved remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effect of 17ß-estradiol (E2) on the inflammatory response stimulated by interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) in human oral mucosal epithelial cells (hOMECs) and its possible mechanism. METHODS: Primary hOMECs were obtained from female infants and cultured in keratinocyte growth medium. The hOMECs at second passage were collected and stimulated by 10-7 M ICI182,780 or 10-7 M G1 for 1 h, E2 (10-7 M, 10-8 M, 10-9 M) for 36 h, 100ng/ml IL-1ß for 12 h, respectively. Human beta-2 defensin (hBD-2), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-α, IL-6, IL-8, estrogen receptor-alpha (ERα), estrogen receptor-beta (ERß), and G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) mRNA levels and protein levels were measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western Blot (WB) respectively. RESULTS: Expression of hBD-2 and inflammatory cytokines increased after IL-1ß stimulation, which was down-regulated by E2 pretreatment. With ICI182,780, the suppression of E2 on hBD-2 mRNA was attenuated. With G1, the mRNA and protein expression of hBD-2 were reduced. CONCLUSION: Pretreatment of hOMECs with E2 at physiological concentrations inhibited the IL-1ß-induced expression of hBD-2 and inflammatory cytokines. The protective effects of E2 suggest its potential use treating oral inflammatory diseases in clinical practice.

5.
Nat Cell Biol ; 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203417

RESUMO

TAZ promotes growth, development and tumorigenesis by regulating the expression of target genes. However, the manner in which TAZ orchestrates the transcriptional responses is poorly defined. Here we demonstrate that TAZ forms nuclear condensates through liquid-liquid phase separation to compartmentalize its DNA-binding cofactor TEAD4, coactivators BRD4 and MED1, and the transcription elongation factor CDK9 for transcription. TAZ forms phase-separated droplets in vitro and liquid-like nuclear condensates in vivo, and this ability is negatively regulated by Hippo signalling through LATS-mediated phosphorylation and is mediated by the coiled-coil (CC) domain. Deletion of the TAZ CC domain or substitution with the YAP CC domain prevents the phase separation of TAZ and its ability to induce the expression of TAZ-specific target genes. Thus, we identify a mechanism of transcriptional activation by TAZ and demonstrate that pathway-specific transcription factors also engage the phase-separation mechanism for efficient and specific transcriptional activation.

6.
Cell Rep ; 30(3): 793-806.e6, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968254

RESUMO

Periostin is a multifunctional extracellular matrix protein involved in various inflammatory diseases and tumor metastasis; however, evidence regarding whether and how periostin actively contributes to inflammation-associated tumorigenesis remains elusive. Here, we demonstrate that periostin deficiency significantly inhibits the occurrence of colorectal cancer in azoxymethane/dextran sulfate sodium-treated mice and in ApcMin/+ mice. Moreover, periostin deficiency attenuates the severity of colitis and reduces the proliferation of tumor cells. Mechanistically, stromal fibroblast-derived periostin activates FAK-Src kinases through integrin-mediated outside-in signaling, which results in the activation of YAP/TAZ and, subsequently, IL-6 expression in tumor cells. Conversely, IL-6 induces periostin expression in fibroblasts by activating STAT3, which ultimately facilitates colorectal tumor development. These findings provide the evidence that periostin promotes colorectal tumorigenesis, and identify periostin- and IL-6-mediated tumor-stroma interaction as a promising target for treating colitis-associated colorectal cancer.

7.
Food Chem ; 313: 126078, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945699

RESUMO

Effects of Chlorogenic acid-Gelatin (CGA-Gel) combined with partial freezing on quality change of sword prawn (Parapenaeopsis hardwickii) stored at -5 °C were evaluated for 23 days. Changes in sensory score, total viable counts (TVC), and physiochemical indexes including pH, total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and Ca2+-ATPase were examined. All shrimp treated with CGA and CGA-Gel had lower total viable counts compared to control (P < 0.05). The value of TVB-N and TBA of CGA-Gel treated group at day 13 were 18.4 mg N/100 g and 0.175 mg/100 g respectively, both below the proposed safe limits and values of CGA treated group. All the results demonstrated that Chlorogenic acid can inhibit growth of microorganism, lipid oxidation and protein degradation. CGA-Gel treated samples presented better quality preservation effects than CGA treated alone. Therefore, CGA-Gel combined with partial freezing is promising in sword prawn shelf life extension.


Assuntos
Ácido Clorogênico/química , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Gelatina/química , Penaeidae/fisiologia , Animais , ATPases Transportadoras de Cálcio/metabolismo , Ácido Clorogênico/farmacologia , Congelamento , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Vet Microbiol ; 240: 108507, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902511

RESUMO

In recent years, atypical infectious bursal disease (IBD) with severe immunosuppression has brought new threats to the poultry industry and has caused considerable economic losses. Novel variant infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) has been identified as the etiological pathogen and for unknown reasons is widespread in poultry on many chicken farms in China that have been immunized with vaccines against very virulent IBDV (vvIBDV). Using immunoprotection experiments in specific-pathogen-free chickens, we first verified that novel variant IBDV could severely damage the bursa of Fabricius of the important immune organ of immunized chicken in the presence of antibodies induced by three types of vvIBDV vaccines, which is a primary reason for the current epidemic of atypical IBD. Monoclonal antibody reactivity patterns and cross-neutralization assays further confirmed the obvious antigenic mismatch between novel variant IBDV and vvIBDV. Sequence analysis of the genome of novel variant IBDV (SHG19 strain) was performed and the key amino acid residues that might be involved in antigenicity and virulence differences of novel variant IBDV compared to vvIBDV were further analyzed. This study not only determined the primary reason for the atypical IBD epidemic, but also remind us of the urgency for developing new vaccines against novel variant IBDV.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752348

RESUMO

The removal of tetracycline (TC) from solution is an important environmental issue. Here we prepared an adsorbent hydrous ferric oxide (HFO) by adjusting a FeCl3·6H2O solution to neutral pH. HFO was characterized by a surface area analyzer, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and was used to remove TC from solution. The influence of pH, solid-to-liquid ratio, ionic type, and strength on TC removal was investigated. Adsorption kinetics and isotherms were also determined. HFO after adsorption of TC was analyzed by FTIR and XPS to investigate the adsorption mechanism. The results showed that the adsorption of TC increased from 88.3% to 95% with increasing pH (3.0-7.0) and then decreased. K+ ions had little effect on TC adsorption by HFO. However, Ca2+ and Mg2+ reduced the adsorption of TC on HFO. When the concentrations of Ca2+ and Mg2+ were increased, the inhibitory effect was more obvious. Pseudo-second-order kinetics and the Langmuir model fitted the adsorption process well. The maximum adsorption capacity of TC on HFO reached 99.49 mg·g-1. The adsorption process was spontaneous, endothermic, and increasingly disordered. Combination analysis with FTIR and XPS showed that the mechanism between TC and HFO involved electrostatic interactions, hydrogen interactions, and complexation. Therefore, the environmental behavior of TC could be affected by HFO.

10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(48): 19032-19037, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729871

RESUMO

Precisely assembled DNA nanostructures are promising candidates for the delivery of biomolecule-based therapeutics. Herein, we introduce a facile strategy for the construction of a branched DNA-based nanoplatform for codelivery of gene editing (sgRNA/Cas9, targeting DNA in the nucleus) and gene silencing (antisense, targeting mRNA in the cytoplasm) components for synergistic tumor therapy in vitro and in vivo. In our design, the branched DNA structure can efficiently load a sgRNA/Cas9/antisense complex targeting a tumor-associated gene, PLK1, through DNA self-assembly. With the incorporation of an active targeting aptamer and an endosomal escape peptide by host-guest interaction, the biocompatible DNA nanoplatform demonstrates efficient inhibition of tumor growth without apparent systemic toxicity. This multifunctional DNA nanocarrier provides a new strategy for the development of gene therapeutics.

11.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 520(1): 122-127, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582217

RESUMO

A wealth of studies illustrate the powerful antioxidant activities and health-promoting functions of dietary phenolic compounds, e.g., anthocyanins, flavonoids, and phenolic compounds. Ferulate is methylated from caffeoyl CoA using S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) as methyl donor catalyzed by caffeoyl CoA methyltransferase (CCoAOMT). Here we show that Arabidopsis CCoAOMT7 contributes to ferulate content in the stem cell wall. CCoAOMT7 was further shown to bind S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase (SAHH), a critical step in SAM synthesis to release feedback suppression on CCoAOMT. CCoAOMT7 also bound S-adenosyl-L-methionine synthases (SAMSs) in vivo, which were mediated by SAHH1. Interruptions of endogenous SAHH1 by artificial miRNA or SAMSs by T-DNA insertion significantly reduced ferulate contents in the stem cell wall. This data reveals a novel protein complex of SAM synthesis cycle associated with O-methyltransferase and provides new insights into cellular methylation processes.

12.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 2225, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632367

RESUMO

Infectious bursal disease (IBD) is one of the main threats to the poultry industry worldwide. In China, very virulent IBD virus (vvIBDV) is the main prevalent virus strain, causing inflammation, immunosuppression, and high mortality in young chickens. To determine whether this acute inflammation can trigger lesions or even death in chickens, it is important to study the mechanism of vvIBDV pathogenicity. Thus, in the current study, we investigated the inflammation response, bursal lesions, and mortality in chickens caused by vvIBDV at different time points postinfection. Results showed an upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-1ß and interleukin-18, and macrophage infiltration in bursa in response to vvIBDV infection. High-throughput proteomic sequencing based on isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation showed that chicken macrophage migration inhibitory factor (chMIF) was upregulated uniquely in primary bursal cells infected with vvIBDV compared with infection by nonpathogenic attenuated IBDV. We confirmed that chMIF was upregulated by vvIBDV infection both in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, chMIF was extracellularly secreted by infected DT40 and primary bursal cells. Further experiments revealed that the secreted chMIF could induce migration of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and promote transcription of proinflammatory cytokines in chicken primary macrophages. Notably, these effects of chMIF could be reduced by using an MIF specific inhibitor. Thus, our study elucidates critical molecular determinants underlying vvIBDV-mediated initiation of acute inflammation, which might be pivotal to understand the mechanism of vvIBDV pathogenicity.

13.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(3): e20180424, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553364

RESUMO

Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are leading causes of death in the world, owing to noticeable incidence and mortality. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) SINI Decoction (SND) is used to prevent and treat CVDs, which has attracted extensive attention for its moderate and little side effects. However, the involved molecular mechanisms are exceedingly complicated and remain unclear. Systems pharmacology, as a novel approach that integrates systems biology and pharmacology plays a significant role in investigating the molecular mechanism of TCM. In systems pharmacology approach, we use to systematically uncover the mechanisms of action in Chinese medicinal formula SND as an effective treatment for CVDs, which mainly includes:1) molecular database building; 2) ADME evaluation; 3) target-fishing 4) network construction and analysis. The results show that 78 underlying valid ingredients and their corresponding 71 direct targets of SND were obtained. And SND take part in cardiomyocyte protection, blood pressure regulation, and lipid regulation module in treatment of CVDs by cooperative way. Systems pharmacology as an emerging field that investigates the molecular mechanisms of TCM through pharmacokinetic evaluation target prediction, and pathway analysis, which will facilitate the development of traditional Chinese herbs in modern medicine.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Biologia de Sistemas/métodos , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos
14.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(33): 34357-34367, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493079

RESUMO

To investigate the acid-extractable heavy metals in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) over Xi'an, China, 24-h PM2.5 samples were collected every 3 days from December 2015 through November 2016. The bioavailable fraction, termed here the bioavailability index (BI), of PM2.5-bound metal (As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Ti, V, and Zn) and potential influencing factors, including relative humidity, temperature, air pressure, wind speed, visibility, PM2.5, and SO2 concentrations, were assessed in this study. The annual average PM2.5 concentration was 50.6 ± 35.6 µg m-3, 1.5 times higher than the Chinese national secondary standard. Zn, Ti, and As were the most abundant elements of those analyzed in the PM2.5 samples, accounting for 72.1% of total quantity. The seasonal variations and enrichment factor analysis of heavy metals revealed that coal combustion in winter was a crucial source of Pb, Co, Cu, and Zn; and dust resuspension in spring contributed considerable Mn, Ti, and V. The acid-extractable fractions of the measured metals varied. Pb, Cu, Mn, and Zn exhibited relatively high acid-extractable concentrations and BI values. Pb was mostly in the acid-extractable fraction in PM2.5, with a mean BI value of 66.7%, the highest in summer (69.8%) and lowest in winter (63.7%). Moreover, the BIs of PM2.5-bound heavy metals were inversely related to temperature and wind speed, whereas positively correlated with relative humidity, SO2, and PM2.5 concentration in this study. This study assessed the seasonal distribution and meteorological influence of acid-extractable heavy metals, providing a deeper understanding of atmospheric heavy metal pollution in Xi'an, China.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/química , Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais Pesados/química , Conceitos Meteorológicos , Material Particulado/química , Ácidos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Disponibilidade Biológica , China , Poeira/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Meteorologia , Material Particulado/análise , Estações do Ano
15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(40): 14224-14228, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389144

RESUMO

The targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs is a major challenge in the clinical treatment of cancer. Herein, we constructed a multifunctional DNA nanoplatform as a versatile carrier of the highly potent platinum-based DNA intercalator, 56MESS. In our rational design, 56MESS was efficiently loaded into the double-bundle DNA tetrahedron through intercalation with the DNA duplex. With the integration of a nanobody that both targets and blocks epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), the DNA nanocarriers exhibit excellent selectivity for cells with elevated EGFR expression (a common biomarker related to tumor formation) and combined tumor therapy without obvious systemic toxicity. This DNA-based platinum-drug delivery system provides a promising strategy for the treatment of tumors.

16.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 181: 305-314, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154141

RESUMO

Auristatin PE (PE) as an anti-microtubule agent possesses good anticancer activity. However, the poor target effect and strong side effect limit the clinical application of PE. Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) represent an outstanding carrier candidate providing a wise choice for liver-targeted drug delivery. A drug delivery system based on BNNTs and PE (BNNTs-PE) against liver cancer cells was designed and constructed in this study. Firstly, BNNTs were prepared and hydroxylated, subsequently, PE was loaded onto BNNTs by noncovalent conjugation and was stable at neutral pH but released at pH 4.49. It was found that BNNTs-PE demonstrates an enhanced anticancer activity against Hep G2 cells in comparison with free PE. BNNTs-PE kills cancer cells in a manner of mitochondria-mediated apoptosis pathway through reducing the mitochondrial membrane potential, activating caspase cascade. This BNNTs-PE system may be very promising for the treatment of liver cancer in the future.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Boro/farmacologia , Nanotubos/química , Oligopeptídeos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Compostos de Boro/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Oligopeptídeos/química , Imagem Óptica , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
17.
Nanoscale ; 11(24): 11885-11891, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184684

RESUMO

Oxide supported metal nanoparticles play an important role in heterogeneous catalysis. However, understanding the metal/oxide interface and their evolution under reaction conditions remains challenging. Herein, we investigate the interface between Au nanoparticles and a CeO2 substrate by environmental transmission electron microscopy with atomic resolution. We find that the Au nanoparticles have two preferential epitaxial relationships with the substrate, i.e. Type I (111)[-110]CeO2//(111)[-110]Au and Type II (111)[-110]CeO2//(111)[1-10]Au orientation relationships, where Type I is preferred. In situ observations in the presence of O2 show that the gas can stimulate the supported Au nanoparticles to transform between these two orientations even at room temperature. Moreover, when increasing the temperature to 973 K, the transformation of an Au nanoparticle between the two orientation states and a non-crystalline state in the presence of O2 is also observed. DFT calculations of the binding between Au and CeO2 in the two relationships are strongly influenced by the presence of oxygen vacancies. For a given position of a vacancy, there is a significant energy difference between the energy of the two types. However, for some positions, Type I is preferred, and for others, Type II, but the most favourable position of the vacancy for the two types has a very similar energy. This is consistent with the observation of both types of adhesion.

18.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145494

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Candida albicans (C albicans) is the most common fungal pathogen causing opportunistic infections. IL17 (IL17A) is a vital mediator of antifungal immunity. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of recombinant human interleukin 17A (rhIL17A) on human oral mucosal epithelial cells (hOMECs) defending against C albicans infection. METHODS: Human oral mucosal epithelial cells were divided into four groups: C albicans+ (MOI = 0.1), rhIL17A+ (100 µg/L), rhIL17A + C albicans+ (MOI = 0.1, rhIL17A:100 µg/L) and blank control. Then, C albicans growth was observed after 24 hours. Human beta-2 defensin (hBD-2), S100A8 and LL-37 in supernatants and their mRNAs in cells were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, respectively. RESULTS: In C albicans+ group, C albicans hyphae formation and the death of infected hOMECs were observed. However, in the rhIL17A + C albicans+ group, IL17 inhibited both hypha formation, and C albicans from infecting hOMECs and its further growth. There was no statistical significance in adhesion rates of C albicans to hOMECs. Compared with the control group, the level of hBD-2 mRNA has increased, while hBD-2 and hBD-2 mRNA levels in the rhIL17A + C albicans+ group were the highest. Both hBD-2 and hBD-2 mRNA levels were higher in the rhIL17A+ group than in the C albicans+ group. S100A8 and LL-37 mRNAs have similar trend, and both upregulated after treatment with rhIL17A; however, protein levels were undetectable. CONCLUSION: Recombinant human interleukin 17A may inhibit C albicans from infecting hOMECs by affecting the growth and reproduction of C albicans as well as the formation of hyphae. Besides, rhIL17A might induce hBD-2, S100A8 and LL-37 secretion from hOMECs to strengthen their anti-infective ability.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(17): 15222-15232, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950602

RESUMO

A gene delivery system using spiropyran as a photoswitchable photosensitizer for the controlled photochemical internalization effect was developed by engineering the outer coating of a polyethylenimine/DNA complex with a small amount of spiropyran-containing cationic copolymers. The successful binding of cationic polymers by the polyethylenimine coating was detected by the distance-sensitive fluorescence resonance energy-transfer technique that evidenced the occurrence of energy transfer between fluorescein-labeled cationic copolymers and polyethylenimine-condensed rhodamine-labeled DNA. The ternary polyplexes feature reversible controllability of singlet oxygen generation based on the dual effect of spiropyrans in photochromism and aggregation-induced enhanced photosensitization, allowing significant light-induced amplification of bPEI-mediated in vitro transgene efficiency (from original 15% to final 91%) at a low DNA dose, with the integrity of supercoiled DNA structure unaffected. The use of spiropyran without the need of other photosensitizers circumvents the issue of uncontrolled long-lasting photocytotoxicity in gene delivery.


Assuntos
Benzopiranos/química , Indóis/química , Luz , Nitrocompostos/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Polietilenoimina/química , Transfecção/métodos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA/química , DNA/metabolismo , Fluoresceína/química , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Células HeLa , Humanos , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Rodaminas/química
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