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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 401: 123384, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763687

RESUMO

Characterizing the composition of mercury (Hg) isotopes in the atmospheric emissions of cement plants is critical to understand the global circulation of Hg because large quantities of Hg are released from this source annually. A pre-calciner cement plant in Guizhou Province in Southwest China was selected to investigate the mass dependent fractionation (MDF) and mass independent fractionation (MIF) of Hg in the entire production process and the speciated Hg isotope composition in stack gas. Significant MDF and insignificant MIF were observed in this cement plant. Different raw/correction materials have δ202Hg signals ranging from -1.68 to -2.19‰. Raw meal is featured with lighter Hg (δ202Hg = -2.83 ± 0.18‰) as results of Hg circulation and accumulation during the clinker production. Cement products possess negative δ202Hg values (-1.98 ± 0.02‰) due to the input of light δ202Hg isotopes through additives/retarder limestone, and fly ash and gypsum from coal-fired power plant (CFPPs). Speciated Hg isotopes in the stack gas of the kiln tail and kiln head show no significant differences, and δ202Hg and Δ199Hg in the discharged flue gas averaged at -2.03 ± 0. 31‰ and -0.03 ± 0.07‰, respectively, which has negative δ202Hg characteristics with other anthropogenic sources.

2.
Carbohydr Polym ; 251: 117021, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142582

RESUMO

Biohybrid colloids were fabricated based on electrostatic complexation between anionic TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibrils (TO-CNF) and cationic hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL). By altering the loading of HEWL, physical colloidal complexes can be obtained at a relatively low concentration of TO-CNF (0.1 wt%). At neutral pH, increasing the HEWL loading induces an increase in charge screening, as probed by zeta-potential, resulting in enhanced TO-CNF aggregation and colloidal gel formation. Systematic rheological testing shows that mechanical reinforcement of the prepared biohybrid gels is easily achieved by increasing the loading of HEWL. However, due to the relatively weak nature of electrostatic complexation, the formed colloidal gels exhibit partial destruction when subjected to cyclic shear stresses. Still, they resist thermo-cycling up to 90 °C. Finally, the pH responsiveness of the colloidal complex gels was demonstrated by adjusting pH to above and below the isoelectric point of HEWL, representing a facile mechanism to tune the gelation of TO-CNF/HEWL complexes. This work highlights the potential of using electrostatic complexation between HEWL and TO-CNF to form hybrid colloids, and demonstrates the tunability of the colloidal morphology and rheology by adjusting the ratio between the two components and the pH.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(45): e23087, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioma is the most common type of brain tumor because of the destructiveness of the disease itself and the side effects of treatment, patients often leave symptoms of neurological defects. At present, rehabilitation treatment is not popular in glioma patients. There is a lack of definite evidence to prove the benefits of rehabilitation therapy for glioma patients. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to determine whether rehabilitation therapy can significantly improve the prognosis of neurological function and improve the quality of life of patients with glioma. METHODS: The articles about rehabilitation treatment of glioma in Cochrane, PubMed, and Embase, Web of Science, and Medline database from January 1990 to May 2020 were searched. Before rehabilitation as the control group, after rehabilitation as the experimental group. The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) was used as the outcome index, including total FIM, motor FIM, and cognitive FIM. Use STATA12.0 for meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 8 articles were included in the study, with a total of 375 glioma patients. Meta-analysis of total FIM (SMD = 0.96, 95%CI = 0.66-1.26, P < .001), motor FIM (SMD = 0.75, 95%CI = 0.54-0.96, P < .001) and cognitive FIM (SMD = 0.35, 95%CI = 0.19-0.50, P < .001) indicated that the neurological function of rehabilitation was significantly improved in total, motor and consciousness. CONCLUSION: The published studies show that rehabilitation therapy can improve the functional prognosis and quality of life of glioma patients. More attention should be paid to the therapeutic value of rehabilitation for glioma patients in the future. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42020188740.

4.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial impairment proved by histological studies persists in late convalescent phase Kawasaki disease patients. Whether Kawasaki disease-induced myocardial lesions can be detected in an earlier time is not well explored. In this study, we aimed to evaluate left ventricular (LV) myocardial function by two dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE) in late convalescent phase Kawasaki disease patients. METHODS: A total of 68 Kawasaki disease patients during mid-term phase including 47 with no coronary artery aneurysm (NCAA) and 21 with coronary artery aneurysm (CAA), and 60 controls with age matched were consecutively enrolled. RESULTS: No significant differences on conventional echocardiographic LV systolic function indices were found among group comparison. Compared with controls, Kawasaki disease patients had lower global longitudinal stain (GLS) and global circumferential stain (GCS). In subgroup analysis, both those with CAA and without CAA had lower GLS, lower GCS, higher amino-terminal propeptide of type III procollagen (PIIINP) and higher carboxyterminal propeptide of procollagen type I (PIPC) than in controls. GLS had significantly negative correlations with PIIINP (r = -0.69, P = 0.002) and PIPC (r = -0.82, P = 0.000). CONCLUSION: Subclinical myocardial dysfunction in mid-term follow-up Kawasaki disease patients existed regardless of coronary artery status despite normal measurements of LV systolic function by routine echocardiography, and myocardial fibrosis may play a contributed role in this subclinical myocardial function impairment. 2DSTE is a valuable imaging modality for detecting regional and global myocardial dysfunction in Kawasaki disease patients in an early time.

5.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 19: 1533033820970684, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176601

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the expression and clinical significance of retinoic acid-induced protein 14 (RAI14) in gastric cancer and its relationship with immune cell infiltration by mining databases such as Oncomine, TIMER, UALCAN, and Kaplan Meier Plotter. METHODS: RAI14 expression in various cancer types was analyzed using the Oncomine and TIMER databases. We used the Kaplan-Meier Plotter and UALCAN databases to evaluate the impact of RAI14 on clinicopathological parameters in gastric cancer. The correlation between RAI14 expression and immune cell invasion was studied using TIMER. TIMER was also used to analyze the correlation between RAI14 expression and marker levels of tumor-infiltrating immune cells. RESULTS: High RAI14 expression in gastric cancer was significantly associated with poor overall survival (OS; hazard ratio [HR] = 1.82, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.53-2.15, P < 0.001) and poor progression-free survival (PFS; HR = 2.16, 95% CI = 1.77-2.65, P < 0.001). Furthermore, high RAI14 expression was significantly associated with poor prognosis of patients with stage 2-4 gastric cancer, but not with OS and PFS of stage 1 patients (OS P = 0.17; PFS P = 0.09), and patients with stage N0 PFS had nothing to do (PFS P = 0.238). RAI14 expression was positively correlated with the infiltration levels of monocytes, tumor-associated macrophages, macrophages, neutrophils, and Treg cells in gastric cancer. Besides, RAI14 expression was closely related to various marker genes in immune cells. CONCLUSION: RAI14 is highly expressed in gastric cancer, and its expression level is correlated with the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer. RAI14 plays also an important role in the recruitment and regulation of infiltrating immune cells and is, thus, expected to become a target for the optimal treatment of gastric cancer.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170087

RESUMO

Objective: We aimed to investigate the relationship between serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels, as well as the cumulative risk of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) regulation in the Chinese adult population after 6 years of follow-up. Methods: A total of 1360 apparently healthy Chinese men and women who completed a community-based health examination survey and did not have IFG in central China in 2010 and 2016 were included in this study. The patients were divided into four groups according to their baseline GGT (in quartiles). The relationship between GGT levels and FBG levels was examined using general linear regression models. The effect of the GGT level on the risk of IFG was analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. The first quartile group of GGT levels was set as the dummy variable in the model, and the odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of the remaining quartile groups relative to the first quartile group were obtained. Results: After 6 years of follow-up, 16.4% (188/1148) of participants were diagnosed with IFG. The cumulative incidence of IFG in the four groups according to their baseline GGT levels (in quartiles) was 7.7%, 16.1%, 15.8%, and 26.8%, respectively. Based on the Cox multiple regression, the hazard ratio for IFG increased by 28.9% for each unit of increase in the baseline GGT level after adjusting for the confounding factors. The GGT levels of participants in the first quartile were used as the reference group. The relative risks of IFG in the second, third, and fourth quartiles of GGT were 1.70, 1.55, and 2.46, respectively (P = 0.005). Conclusions: GGT was positively associated with the risk of IFG and can be used as an indicator to assess whether a patient may develop prediabetes.

7.
Cortex ; 133: 266-276, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157346

RESUMO

Although we have demonstrated that the executive control of attention acts supramodally as shown by significant correlation between conflict effect measures in visual and auditory tasks, no direct evidence of the equivalence in the computational mechanisms governing the allocation of executive control resources within and across modalities has been found. Here, in two independent groups of 40 participants each, we examined the interaction effect of conflict processing in both unimodal (visual) and crossmodal (visual and auditory) dual-conflict paradigms (flanker conflict processing in Task 1 and then in the following Task 2) with a manipulation of the stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA). In both the unimodal and the crossmodal dual-conflict paradigms, the conflict processing of Task 1 significantly interfered with the processing of Task 2 when the SOA was short, as shown by an additive interference effect of Task 1 on Task 2 under the time constraints. These results suggest that there is a unified supramodal entity that supports conflict processing by implementing comparable mechanisms in unimodal and crossmodal scenarios.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e22987, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181661

RESUMO

To investigate the frequency and degree of azole antifungal agents that influence the anticoagulant activity of warfarin to reduce the potential bleeding risk and provide a reference for rational administration of warfarin in clinics.Patients with an abnormal international normalized ratio (INR; INR ≥ 4.5) and treated with warfarin plus azole antifungal agents were screened from February 2011 to July 2016, and their data were extracted.Thirty-two patients treated with warfarin plus azole antifungal agents were included. The INR of all the included patients increased by more than 20% of the INR of warfarin alone, and the warfarin sensitivity index showed an upward trend. The INRs of 21 patients treated with fluconazole (FLCZ) and warfarin was closely monitored for 1 week after the combination treatment, and the interaction between warfarin and the azole antifungal agents peaked on the seventh day. The INRs when warfarin was coadministered with azoles (Y) correlated significantly with those in the absence of azoles (X): FLCZ: Y = 1.2515X + 2.1538, R = 0.8128; and voriconazole Y = 2.4144 X + 2.6216, R2 = 0.7828.The combination of FLCZ and voriconazole will enhance the anticoagulant effect of warfarin. Therefore, it is recommended to detect the genotype of CYP2C9 in patients and evaluate the interaction between the 2 drugs to adjust the warfarin dose. It is also recommended to closely monitor INR within 1 week of the addition of azole antifungal agents.

9.
Biosci Rep ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33140818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:  This study was to assess the prognostic value of Fasting Blood Glucose to HDL-C Ratio (GHR) in non-diabetic patients with CAD undergoing PCI. Methods and Results: 6645 non-diabetic patients from two independent cohort the CORFCHD-PCI study (n=4282) and the CORFCHD-ZZ (n=2363) study were enrolled in Clinical Outcomes and Risk Factors of Patients with Coronary Heart Disease after PCI, Patients were divided into two groups according to the GHR value. The primary outcome included all-cause mortality (ACM) and cardiac mortality (CM). The average follow-up time was 36.51±22.50 months. We found that there were significant differences between the two groups in the incidences of ACM (P =0.013) and CM (P=0.038). Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed GHR as an independent prognostic factor for ACM. The incidence of ACM increased 1.284 times in patients in the higher GHR group (hazard ratio [HR]:1.284 [95% confidence interval [CI]:1.010-1.631], P <0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis suggested that patients with high GHR value tended to have an increased accumulated risk of ACM. However, we did not found significant differences in the incidence of major adverse cardiac events, main adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), stroke, recurrent MI, bleeding events. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that GHR index is an independent and novel predictor of ACM in non-diabetic CAD patients who underwent PCI.

10.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 81: 12-17, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain iron disequilibrium and dopaminergic dysfunction are key pathophysiological features of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS). Rep1 polymorphism in the promotor region of SNCA is associated with risk of Parkinson's disease, however its association with RLS and iron status is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate SNCA-Rep1 polymorphism in RLS and its phenotypes. METHODS: We recruited RLS patients as well as age and gender matched healthy controls. Demographic information and clinical features of RLS were recorded. Laboratory examinations were performed to exclude possible secondary causes. RESULTS: 215 RLS patients and 369 healthy controls were included. We found that the Rep1 allele 0 homozygosity significantly decreased RLS risk (OR: 0.345; P < 0.0001, and remained significant after the Bonferroni correction). Phenotypic analysis demonstrated that longer Rep1 alleles were associated with increased susceptibility to iron deficiency (53.0% vs 36.1%, P = 0.017), however had no phenotypic significant effects on age, gender, onset age, duration, RLS family history, severity, laterality, extra body involvement and seasonal fluctuation. Multivariate logistic regression analyses confirmed long Rep1 allele was associated with higher risk of iron deficiency in RLS after adjusting for potential confounding factors. In detail, Rep1 allele 2 homozygosity was prone to a higher risk of peripheral iron deficiency in RLS (OR: 4.550, P = 0.006, remained significant after the Bonferroni correction). CONCLUSION: The SNCA-Rep1 variability modified RLS risk and influenced peripheral iron deficiency in this group of Chinese RLS patients. Rep1 allele 0 homozygosity decreased the risk of RLS, while homozygous allele 2 increased the risk of nonanemic iron deficiency in RLS.

11.
Thromb Haemost ; 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129207

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we aimed to establish a novel score to predict long-term mortality of non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 2,174 NSTE-ACS patients from the CORFCHD-ZZ study were enrolled as the derivation cohort. The validation cohort including 1,808 NSTE-ACS patients were from the CORFCHD-PCI study. Receiver operating characteristic analysis and area under the curve (AUC) evaluation were used to select the candidate variables. The model performance was validated internally and externally. The primary outcome was cardiac mortality (CM). We also explored the model performance for all-cause mortality (ACM). RESULTS: Initially, 28 risk factors were selected and ranked according to their AUC values. Finally, we selected age, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, and creatinine to develop a novel prediction model named "ABC" model. The ABC model had a high discriminatory ability for both CM (C-index: 0.774, p < 0.001) and ACM (C-index: 0.758, p < 0.001) in the derivation cohort. In the validation cohort, the C-index of CM was 0.802 (p < 0.001) and that of ACM was 0.797 (p < 0.001), which suggested good discrimination. In addition, this model had adequate calibration in both the derivation and validation cohorts. Furthermore, the ABC score outperformed the GRACE score to predict mortality in NSTE-ACS patients who underwent PCI. CONCLUSION: In the present study, we developed and validated a novel model to predict mortality in patients with NSTE-ACS who underwent PCI. This model can be used as a credible tool for risk assessment and management of NSTE-ACS after PCI.

12.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 35(5): 741-756, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33118740

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this article is to study the efficacy and safety of cardiac shock wave therapy (CSWT) in the treatment of coronary heart disease (CAD). METHODS: A comprehensive search of electronic databases and a manual search of conference papers and abstracts were performed until September 30, 2018. The studies using RevMan 5.3 and STATA 14.0 softwares were reviewed, and meta-analyses were performed on 13 indicators, such as a six-min walking distance test (6MWT), New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class, Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) score, angina class (Canadian Cardiology Society [CCS]), etc. RESULTS: A total of 26 articles were included. The total patient population was 855, of which 781 patients were treated with CSWT. Meta-analyses indicated that 6MWT (mean difference [MD] 75.64, 95% confidence interval [CI] 49.03, 102.25, P<0.00001) and NYHA (MD -0.70, 95% CI -0.92) in the CSWT group were comparable to those in the conventional revascularization group (MD -0.70, 95% CI -0.92, -0.49, P<0.00001). SAQ (MD 10.75, 95% CI 6.66, 14.83, P<0.00001), CCS (MD -0.99, 95% CI -1.13, -0.84, P<0.00001), nitrate dosage (MD -1.84, 95% CI -2.77, -1.12, P<0.00001), LVEF (MD 3.77, 95% CI 2.17, 5.37, P<0.00001), and SSS (MD -4.29, 95% CI -5.61, -2.96, P<0.00001), SRS (MD -2.90, 95% CI -4.85, -0.95, P=0.004), and the exercise test (standard mean difference 0.57, 95% CI 0.12, 1.02, P=0.01) all showed significant differences. CONCLUSION: CSWT may offer beneficial effects to patients with CAD, but more large-scale clinical studies are needed to further verify its therapeutic effect.

13.
Psychol Health ; : 1-16, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017193

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Stigma among healthcare professionals may lead to poor quality of healthcare services for patients with mental illness. This study conducts a network meta-analysis to estimate the relative efficacy between different types of anti-stigma interventions for healthcare professionals. DESIGN: Network meta-analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The attitudes and behavior intension of healthcare professionals toward mental illness. RESULTS: A total of 18 studies (22 trials) from 9 countries are included in the analysis. In the network meta-analysis, rank probabilities show interventions with indirect contact plus lecture (SUCRA = 81.5%), direct contact plus problem-based learning workshop (SUCRA = 77.4%), and indirect contact (SUCRA = 72.2%) having the highest probability of being ranked first, second, and third, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that education combining social contact is the most effective anti-stigma intervention, which can be implemented in clinical practices to help reduce this stigma and improve healthcare services for patients with mental illness.

14.
Clin Exp Med ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079289

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD), a systemic vasculitis in children, may bring serious complications. However, the etiology of KD remains unclear. AIM2, an intracellular receptor, plays a vital role during the infection caused by a variety of pathogens. However, its role in KD remains unclear. The principal aim of the present research is to concentrate on the relation between AIM2 and KD. We detected the levels of AIM2, IL-18 and IL-1ß in all subjects by ELISA. The conventional inflammatory indices were detected in all subjects, such as WBC, HB, CRP and so on. The serum concentrations of AIM2, IL-18 and IL-1ß were notably upregulated in the KD group compared to the febrile group and healthy group, respectively. And the three indicators in the KD patients were greatly reduced after interpreted with IVIG. Furthermore, the expressions of IL-18 and IL-1ß were positively correlated with AIM2. Meanwhile, the cutoff value of serum AIM2 level for the diagnosis of KD was 541.90 ng/L with the specificity of 60% and sensitivity of 92.5%, compared to the febrile controls. And the area under curve (AUC) of AIM2 was 0.771. And no difference was observed in patients with CALs when compared with patients without CALs. The serum AIM2, IL-18 and IL-1ß might play a critical role during the progress of KD. AIM2 can be considered as a candidate indicator for Kawasaki disease diagnosis.

15.
IUBMB Life ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031637

RESUMO

Emerging evidence has demonstrated the crucial roles of long noncoding RNAs in human cancers, including neuroblastoma (NB). DLX6 antisense RNA 1 (DLX6-AS1) has been identified as an oncogenic driver in NB. However, the mechanisms of DLX6-AS1 in NB progression are not fully understood. Our data showed that DLX6-AS1 was significantly overexpressed in NB tissues and cells. Moreover, DLX6-AS1 silencing repressed NB cell viability, colony formation, migration, and invasion, and promoted cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in vitro, as well as decreased tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, DLX6-AS1 operated as a miR-513c-5p sponge. MiR-513c-5p mediated the regulation of DLX6-AS1 on NB cell malignant progression in vitro. PLK4 was a target of miR-513c-5p- and DLX6-AS1-controlled PLK4 expression via sponging miR-513c-5p. Furthermore, the suppressive effect of miR-513c-5p overexpression on NB cell malignant progression in vitro was reversed by PLK4 upregulation. Our findings identified a novel regulatory mechanism, the DLX6-AS1/miR-513c-5p/PLK4 axis, in NB progression, highlighting a strong rationale for developing DLX6-AS1 as a new target for NB management.

16.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 533(1): 50-56, 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921415

RESUMO

Pseudomonas donghuensis HYS, a bacterial strain identified from Donghu Lake, has tremendous toxicity toward Caenorhabditis elegans and is characterized by high 7-hydroxytropolone siderophore production. Here, the relationship between pathogenic siderophore production and pantothenic acid was evaluated. The pathogenicity of P. donghuensis HYS was illustrated using C. elegans as a host. Based on slow-killing assay findings, a 7-hydroxytropolone deficiency-causing mutation attenuated P. donghuensis HYS pathogenicity, which was restored by the addition of extracted 7-hydroxytropolone. Moreover, data from real-time qPCR analysis and characteristic absorption assays indicated that pantothenic acid deficiency repressed transcriptional levels of orf9, which further reduced 7-hydroxytropolone production. Furthermore, slow-killing assays indicated that panB and pantothenic acid affected the virulence of P. donghuensis. These results indicate that a 7-hydroxytropolone siderophore-producing strain is virulent toward C. elegans. Our findings demonstrate that pantothenic acid is associated with P. donghuensis siderophore production-related pathogenicity.

17.
Talanta ; 219: 121277, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887167

RESUMO

With the extensive use of pesticides, the problem of pesticide residues has become people's concern. In this work, NiCo2S4 nanoneedle arrays grown on an electrospun graphitized carbon nanofiber film (NiCo2S4/GCNF) is successfully prepared by a simple two-step hydrothermal method, and further applied to detection of fungicide pyrimethanil (PMT). NiCo2S4 arrays exhibit a unique core-shell structure with rough surface, providing abundant electrochemically active sites exposed to the electrolyte. The NiCo2S4/GCNF modified electrode displays excellent electrocatalytic activity, and the electrode surface is controlled both by diffusion and adsorption processes. When applied to PMT determination, NiCo2S4/GCNF sensor displays wide linear range from 0.06 to 800 µM with low detection limit (20 nM). Furthermore, the as-proposed sensor also displays other outstanding advantages, including simple preparation, low cost, perfect reproducibility and good application in practical samples. Such attracting analytical properties could be attributed to high electrocatalytic activity of NiCo2S4 and superior electrical conductivity of GCNF frameworks. In addition, the detailed oxidation mechanism of PMT at NiCo2S4/GCNF electrode was also studied. The results indicate that NiCo2S4/GCNF is a promising platform for PMT sensors.

18.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 114: 111032, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993975

RESUMO

Improving the angio1genesis potential of bone-repairing materials is vital for the repair of cancerous bone defects. It can further facilitate the delivery of active substances with osteogenesis and anti-tumor functions, ultimately promoting the formation of new bone tissues. Copper ions (Cu2+) have been proved to be beneficial to angiogenesis. This study developed a new type of Cu-containing calcium phosphate cement (Cu-CPC) by incorporating with copper phosphate (CuP) nanoparticles with a photothermal anti-tumor effect. The results revealed that the main phases of all hydrated CPCs were hydroxyapatite, unreacted tricalcium phosphate and calcium carbonate. But the hydration products of CPC became thinner after the incorporation of Cu2+. With the increase of CuP concentration, the setting time of CPC was prolonged while the injectability and the compressive strength were increased. The release concentration of Cu2+in vitro was among 0.01 to 0.74 mg/mL, which showed a positive relation with CuP content. Mouse bone marrow stromal cells (mBMSCs) displayed higher adhesion activity, proliferation performance and expression of osteogenic genes and proteins on CPC with 0.01 wt% CuP (0.01Cu-CPC) and 0.05 wt% CuP (0.05Cu-CPC). When human umbilical vein endothelial cells were co-cultured with 0.01Cu-CPC and 0.05Cu-CPC extracts, the proliferation and angiogenesis-related gene and protein expression were significantly increased, and the in vitro tube formation capacity was promoted. However, higher CuP content inhibited the proliferation of mBMSCs. In conclusion, CPC with 0.01 wt% and 0.05 wt% CuP nanoparticles has the potential to promote bone formation around cancerous bone defects, which would be promising for bone regeneration and treatment of bone tumors.

19.
Molecules ; 25(17)2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878312

RESUMO

Ginkgo biloba extract (EGB) has many pharmacological activities. In the quality standard of EGB, the main quality control indexes are total flavone (content ≥ 24%) and total lactone (content ≥ 6%). There are no specific limits for nearly 70% of "other components". In recent years, in order to pursue the production of a high-ketone ester, some enterprises removed the unwanted components, including some organic acids. Protocatechuic acid (PCA), as an important organic acid, has been reported to have a variety of biological activities. It is necessary to explore whether it can promote the biological activities of the main functional components of EGB. In this study, PCA was selected to be combined with Ginkgolide B (GB) for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. In vitro, rotenone (rot) was used to induce PC12 cells. The survival rate was tested by the 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-dimethyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidase were detected to analyze the effects of drugs on oxidative stress. The apoptosis was tested via Western blot. The results show that the cell viability was increased, morphology was improved, the oxidative stress level decreased, and the apoptosis was inhibited after the combination treatment of GB and PCA, and the effect was better than GB or PCA alone. In vivo, MPTP (30 mg/kg) was used to induce Parkinson's disease (PD) in male C57BL/6 mice. The motor ability of the mice was measured by pole-climbing and the suspension. The injury of nerve cells was indicated by HE staining. Oxidative stress levels were tested via antioxidant enzyme activity. The number of dopaminergic neurons was reflected by TH staining. Results show that the combination treatment of GB and PCA could significantly restore the motor ability of PD mice, reduce the injury of nerve cells, improve the activity of the antioxidant enzyme in the brain tissue, and increase the expression of TH in the substantia nigra of midbrain. Our study shows that PCA increases the efficacy of GB (the main functional ingredient of EGB) in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, which provides a new idea for the treatment of nervous system diseases and a new concept for the efficient utilization of active components in Ginkgo biloba leaves.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22084, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899083

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Dabigatran is a direct thrombin inhibitor that is widely used to prevent the formation of thrombus formation. Amiodarone can increase the plasma concentration of dabigatran. CES1 (carboxylesterase 1) and ABCB1 (ATP-binding cassette subfamily B member 1) genetic polymorphisms associate with the pharmacokinetics of dabigatran. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 62-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital due to chest tightness, fatigue, and discomfort despite long-term anticoagulation with dabigatran 110 mg twice daily for 6 months, with concomitant use of amiodarone. DIAGNOSES: Left atrial appendage thrombus formation with a history of atrial fibrillation. INTERVENTIONS: The clinician changed dabigatran to warfarin. To explore the causes of insufficient anticoagulation using dabigatran in this patient, we examined the ABCB1 and CES1 genes. Results showed that she carried ABCB1 variant alleles with 3 heterozygote single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs: rs4148738, rs1045642, rs2032582) and CES1 variant alleles with 2 heterozygote SNPs (rs2244613, rs4580160). OUTCOMES: The left atrial appendage thrombus disappeared. LESSONS: Multiple mutations in the ABCB1 and CES1 genes may influence the pharmacokinetics of dabigatran and could have contributed to the thrombus formation in the left atrial appendage.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial/patologia , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Hidrolases de Éster Carboxílico/genética , Trombose/etiologia , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Antitrombinas/administração & dosagem , Antitrombinas/farmacocinética , Apêndice Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Dabigatrana/administração & dosagem , Dabigatrana/farmacocinética , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombose/prevenção & controle
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