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1.
Theranostics ; 10(24): 11215-11229, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042279

RESUMO

Obscurin participates in the development of striated muscles and maintenance of the functional sarcoplasmic reticulum. However, the role of obscurin in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is not well understood. We aimed to study the novel obscurin mutations in the pathogenesis of ARVC and the underlying mechanisms. Methods: We generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) through retroviral reprogramming of peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from a 46-year-old female diagnosed with ARVC, carrying a mutation in OBSCN. The cells differentiated into functional iPSC-based cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs), whose phenotype was determined by transmission electron microscopy, electrophysiological description, immunofluorescence staining, and Oil Red O staining. Molecular characterization was performed by bioinformatic analyses, and identification by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting. Results: ARVC-iPSC-CMs mutation in OBSCN showed significant accumulation of lipids, increased pleomorphism, irregular Z-bands, and increased L type calcium currents. Functional enrichment analysis identified pathways involved in focal adhesion and structure formation; the adipocytokines and PPAR signaling pathways were also activated in the ARVC group. Moreover, our results from ultra-high-resolution microscopy, qRT-PCR and Western blotting confirmed that the mutant OBSCN protein and its anchor protein, Ank1.5, showed structural disorder and decreased expression, but there was increased expression of junctional protein N-Cadherin. Further analysis revealed the gene expression of other desmosomal proteins in ARVC-iPSC-CMs was also decreased but some adipogenesis pathway-related proteins (PPARγ, C/EBPα, and FABP4) were increased. Conclusion: A novel frameshift mutation in OBSCN caused phenotypic alteration accompanied by disrupted localization and decreased expression of its anchoring protein Ank1.5. Furthermore, there was an accumulation of lipids with an increase in fatty fibrosis area and myocardial structural disorder, possibly leading to dysrhythmia in calcium channel-related myocardial contraction. These observations suggested the possibility of attenuating ARVC progression by therapeutic modulation of OBSCN expression.

2.
J Int Med Res ; 48(10): 300060520961260, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044114

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of early postoperative recurrence in patients with single and small (≤3 cm) hepatitis B virus-associated primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HBV-HCC). METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed patients with single and small HBV-HCC. All patients were followed up for 1 year after surgery. RESULTS: Among 182 patients, 54 patients had early recurrence within 1 year. The recurrence group had higher proportions of men, drinking history, Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) class C, patients who underwent transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), and serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) >10 ng/mL as well as higher gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) levels and lower total protein (TP) and CD8+ T lymphocyte levels than the no recurrence group. Cox multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that drinking history (HR, 1.312; 95% CI, 1.042-1.652), CTP class C (HR, 1.236; 95% CI, 1.037-1.473), TACE treatment (HR, 1.241; 95% CI, 1.026-1.501), GGT (HR, 1.138; 95% CI, 1.042-1.243), TP (HR, 0.729; 95% CI, 0.555-0.957), and AFP (HR, 2.519; 95% CI, 1.343-4.726) were independently associated with early postoperative recurrence. CONCLUSION: Drinking history, CTP class C, TACE, serum AFP, GGT, and TP levels were independently associated with early postoperative recurrence in patients with single and small HBV-HCC.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038039

RESUMO

The ability to assemble intricately connected topologies from primary or secondary building units (SBUs) provides great prospective to expand the library of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Further development of MOFs requires an establishment of hierarchical interaction within the framework. Herein, we report a series of mesoporous rare-earth (RE) MOFs that are constructed from an unusual 12-connected π-stacked pyrene supramolecular building block and a typical 12-connected RE 6 cluster (RE = Eu, Y, Yb, Tb, and Ce). The judicious design of a butterfly-shape pyrene ligand with a tert-butyl substituent enables the formation of the disordered 12-connected organic SBUs on its strong intermolecular π-π interactions. The assembly of 12-connected inorganic cuboctahedron SBUs and 12-connected organic distorted hexagonal prism SBUs generates an unprecedented network that can be further simplified into a 4,4-connected pts net linked from planar square and tetrahedra. This work provides fresh insights into the design and synthesis of frameworks constructed from coordinatively, covalently and noncovalently linked building units, and also offers accesses to unknown MOF structures based on organic SBUs that still remains largely undiscovered.

4.
BMC Psychiatry ; 20(1): 486, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders and ocular neurovascular diseases may share a similar pathophysiological route of vascular structures or neurological changes. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between ocular neurovascular diseases and the risk of major psychiatric disorders. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control, population-based study including patients aged ≥20 and were diagnosed between 1997 and 2013. Ocular neurovascular diseases diagnosed between 1997 and 2006 and newly diagnosed psychiatric disorders including bipolar disorder (BD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and schizophrenia between 2007 and 2013 were registered. Patients were propensity-score matched with control groups without psychiatric disorders in each cohort based on selected covariates. RESULTS: A total of one million sampled patients in the database were categorized based on their diagnoses; 2243 (37.4% men) were categorized into the BD group, 10,110 (35.2% men) into the MDD group, and 1623 (43.1% men) into the schizophrenia group. In the BD group, all glaucoma (OR 1.49, [1.18-1.89]), open-angle glaucoma (OR 2.08, [1.34-3.24]), and closed-angle glaucoma (OR 2.12, [1.36-3.33]) showed statistical significance of risk. In the MDD group, age-related macular degeneration (OR 1.33, [1.13-1.57]), all glaucoma (OR 1.24, [1.11-1.37]), open-angle glaucoma (OR 1.47, [1.21-1.80]), and dry eye syndrome (OR 1.22, [1.13-1.31]) were associated with a significantly higher risk. In the schizophrenia group, only all glaucoma (OR 1.47, [1.02-2.11]), glaucoma suspect (OR 1.88, [1.01-3.49]), and open-angle glaucoma (OR 2.19, [1.13-4.26]) showed statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: In this population-based study, ocular neurovascular diseases, especially glaucoma, were associated with increased risks of BD, MDD, and schizophrenia.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33013688

RESUMO

Objective: We aimed to assess the role of adipose tissue distribution in cardiometabolic risk (in particular insulin sensitivity) in a population of children and adolescents with obesity. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, participants were 479 children and adolescents with obesity (322 boys and 157 girls) aged 3 to 18 years attending the Children's Hospital at Zhejiang University School of Medicine (Hangzhou, China). Clinical assessments included anthropometry, body composition (DXA scans), carotid artery ultrasounds, and OGTT. Insulin sensitivity was assessed using the Matsuda index. Participants were stratified into groups by sex and pubertal stage. Key predictors were DXA-derived android-to-gynoid-fat ratio (A/G) and total body fat percentage (TBF%). Results: Irrespective of sex and pubertal stage, there was a strong association between increasing A/G (i.e., greater abdominal adiposity) and lower insulin sensitivity. In multivariable models, every 0.1 increase in A/G was associated with a reduction in insulin sensitivity in prepubertal boys [-29% (95% CI -36%, -20%); p < 0.0001], pubertal boys [-13% (95% CI -21%, -6%); p = 0.001], and pubertal girls [-16% (95% CI -24%, -6%); p = 0.002]. In contrast, TBF% was not associated with insulin sensitivity when A/G was adjusted for, irrespective of pubertal stage or sex. In addition, every 0.1 increase in A/G was associated with increased likelihood of dyslipidemia in prepubertal boys [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.62 (95% CI 1.05, 2.49)], impaired glucose tolerance in pubertal boys [aOR 1.64 (95% CI 1.07, 2.51)] and pubertal girls [aOR 1.81 (95% CI 1.10, 2.98)], and odds of NAFLD in both prepubertal [aOR 2.57 (95% CI 1.56, 4.21)] and pubertal [aOR 1.69 (95% CI 1.18, 2.40)] boys. In contrast, higher TBF% was only associated with higher fasting insulin and ALT in pubertal boys, being also predictive of NAFLD in this group [aOR 1.15 per percentage point (95% CI 1.06, 1.26)], but was not associated with the likelihood of other cardiometabolic outcomes assessed in any group. Conclusions: A/G is a much stronger independent predictor of cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents with obesity in China, particularly glucose metabolism.

6.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; : 1-6, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021424

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical settings and features, management, and visual outcomes of exogenous bacterial endophthalmitis with retinal vasculitis and posterior pole preretinal exudates. METHODS: Retrospectively reviewed records for 40 eyes of 40 patients. RESULTS: Retinal vasculitis was identified with focal type in eight eyes and diffuse type in 32 eyes. Posterior pole preretinal exudates were identified with discrete type in 23 eyes and condensed type in 17 eyes. Final VA was 20/200 or better in 23 of 40 eyes (57.5%). Multivariate linear regression revealed that condensed posterior pole preretinal exudates (P =.005) and ocular hypertension (P =.012) were the significant independent factors for poor visual outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Condensed posterior pole preretinal exudates and ocular hypertension are critical prognostic factors for poor visual outcomes.

7.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(10)2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065970

RESUMO

To solve the problem of excessive heat accumulation in the electronic packaging field, a novel series of hybrid filler (BN@CNT) with a hierarchical "line-plane" structure was assembled via a condensation reaction between functional boron nitride(f-BN) and acid treated carbon nanotubes (a-CNTs). The reactions with different mass ratios of BN and CNTs and the effect of the obtained hybrid filler on the composites' thermal conductivity were studied. According to the results, BN@15CNT exhibited better effects on promoting thermal conductivity of polybenzoxazine(PBz) composites which were prepared via ball milling and hot compression. The thermally conductive coefficient value of PBz composites, which were loaded with 25 wt% of BN@15CNT hybrid fillers, reached 0.794 W· m-1· K-1. The coefficient value was improved to 0.865 W· m-1· K-1 with 15 wt% of BN@15CNT and 10 wt% of BN. Although CNTs were adopted, the PBz composites maintained insulation. Dielectric properties and thermal stability of the composites were also studied. In addition, different thermal conduction models were used to manifest the mechanism of BN@CNT hybrid fillers in enhancing thermal conductivity of PBz composites.

9.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(10): 796-810, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043645

RESUMO

Seed vigor is a key factor affecting seed quality. The mechanical drying process exerts a significant influence on rice seed vigor. The initial moisture content (IMC) and drying temperature are considered the main factors affecting rice seed vigor through mechanical drying. This study aimed to determine the optimum drying temperature for rice seeds according to the IMC, and elucidate the mechanisms mediating the effects of drying temperature and IMC on seed vigor. Rice seeds with three different IMCs (20%, 25%, and 30%) were dried to the target moisture content (14%) at four different drying temperatures. The results showed that the drying temperature and IMC had significant effects on the drying performance and vigor of the rice seeds. The upper limits of drying temperature for rice seeds with 20%, 25%, and 30% IMCs were 45, 42, and 38 °C, respectively. The drying rate and seed temperature increased significantly with increasing drying temperature. The drying temperature, drying rate, and seed temperature showed extremely significant negative correlations with germination energy (GE), germination rate, germination index (GI), and vigor index (VI). A high IMC and drying temperature probably induced a massive accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and superoxide anions in the seeds, enhanced superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activity, and increased the abscisic acid (ABA) content. In the early stage of seed germination, the IMC and drying temperature regulated seed germination through the metabolism of H2O2, gibberellin acid (GA), ABA, and α-amylase. These results indicate that the metabolism of reactive oxygen species (ROS), antioxidant enzymes, GA, ABA, and α-amylase might be involved in the mediation of the effects of drying temperature on seed vigor. The results of this study provide a theoretical basis and technical guidance for the mechanical drying of rice seeds.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067246

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Loss-of-function mutations in tRNA methyltransferase 10 homologue A (TRMT10A), a tRNA methyltransferase, have recently been described as a monogenic cause of early-onset diabetes with microcephaly, epilepsy and intellectual disability. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We report a Chinese young patient who was diagnosed with diabetes mellitus as a result of a TRMT10A mutation. RESULTS: A homozygous mutation c.496-1G>A in TRMT10A was identified using targeted next-generation sequencing and confirmed by PCR/Sanger sequencing. In addition to being diagnosed with diabetes, the patient also has microcephaly and intellectual deficiency. The diabetes was due to marked insulin resistance and responded very well to metformin treatment. CONCLUSION: Our case is the first report in the Asian population. It adds to current knowledge of TRMT10A related with young-onset non-insulin-dependent diabetes and confirms the a single previous report of insulin resistance in this syndrome. Genomic testing should be considered in children with non-insulin-dependent diabetes with intellectual disability and microcephaly. A clear genetic diagnosis is helpful for early detection and treatment addressing insulin resistance.

11.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17524, 2020 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067568

RESUMO

Since the outbreak of COVID-19 in China at the end of 2019, the world has experienced a large-scale epidemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2. The epidemiological and clinical course of COVID-19 patients has been reported, but there have been few analyses about the characteristics, predictive risk factors, and outcomes of critical patients. In this single-center retrospective case-control study, 90 adult inpatients hospitalized at Tongji Hospital (Wuhan, China) were included. Demographic, clinical, laboratory tests, and treatment data were obtained and compared between critical and non-critical patients. We found that compared with non-critical patients, the critical patients had higher SOFA score and qSOFA scores. Critical patients had lower lymphocyte and platelet count, elevated D-dimer, decreased fibrinogen, and elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), and interleukin-6(IL-6). More critical patients received treatment including antibiotics, anticoagulation, corticosteroid, and oxygen therapy than non-critical ones. Multivariable regression showed higher qSOFA score and elevation of IL-6 were related to critical patients. Antibiotic usage and anticoagulation were associated with decreased in-hospital mortality. And critical grouping contributed greatly to in-hospital death. Critical COVID-19 patients have a more severe clinical course. qSOFA score and elevation of IL-6 are risk factors for critical condition. Non-critical grouping, positive antibiotic application, and anticoagulation may be beneficial for patient survival.

12.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2020: 8868107, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082712

RESUMO

Acne vulgaris is one of the most common chronic inflammatory skin diseases. Bergamot and sweet orange are rich in nutritional and functional components, which exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic effect. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential effect of bergamot and sweet orange (juice and essential oil) on acne vulgaris caused by excessive secretion of androgen. Eighty male golden hamsters were randomly divided into 10 groups and received low or high dose of bergamot and sweet orange juice and essential oil, physiological saline, and positive drugs for four weeks, respectively. Results showed that all interventions could improve acne vulgaris by reducing the growth rate of sebaceous gland spots, inhibiting TG accumulation, decreasing the release of inflammatory cytokines (notably reducing IL-1α levels), promoting apoptosis in the sebaceous gland, and decreasing the ratio of T/E2. Among them, bergamot and orange essential oil may have better effects (dose dependent) on alleviating acne vulgaris than the corresponding juice. In view of the large population of acne patients and the widespread use of sweet orange and bergamot, this study is likely to exert an extensive and far-reaching influence.

13.
Sci Robot ; 5(47)2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087481

RESUMO

Algorithms for mobile robotic systems are generally implemented on purely digital computing platforms. Developing alternative computational platforms may lead to more energy-efficient and responsive mobile robotics. Here, we report a hybrid analog-digital computing platform enabled by memristors on a mobile inverted pendulum robot. Our mobile robotic system can tune the conductance states of memristors adaptively using a model-free optimization method to achieve optimal control performance. We implement sensor fusion and the motion control algorithms on our hybrid analog-digital computing platform and demonstrate more than one order of magnitude enhancement of speed and energy efficiency over traditional digital platforms.

14.
Theor Appl Genet ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089345

RESUMO

Key message Rice male fertility gene Baymax1, isolated through map-based cloning, encodes a MYB transcription factor and is essential for rice tapetum and microspore development.Abstract The mining and characterization of male fertility gene will provide theoretical and material basis for future rice production. In Arabidopsis, the development of male organ (namely anther), usually involves the coordination between MYB (v-myb avian myeloblastosis viral oncogene homolog) and bHLH (basic helix-loop-helix) members. However, the role of MYB proteins in rice anther development remains poorly understood. In this study, we isolated and characterized a male sterile mutant (with normal vegetative growth) of Baymax1 (BM1), which encodes a MYB protein. The bm1 mutant exhibited slightly lagging meiosis, aborted transition of the tapetum to a secretory type, premature tapetal degeneration, and abnormal pollen exine formation, leading to ultimately lacks of visible pollens in the mature white anthers. Map-based cloning, complementation and targeted mutagenesis using CRISPR/Cas9 technology demonstrated that the mutated LOC_Os04g39470 is the causal gene in bm1. BM1 is preferentially expressed in rice anthers from stage 5 to stage 10. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that rice BM1 and its homologs in millet, maize, rape, cabbage, and pigeonpea are evolutionarily conserved. BM1 can physically interacts with bHLH protein TIP2, EAT1, and PHD (plant homeodomain)-finger member TIP3, respectively. Moreover, BM1 affects the expression of several known genes related to tapetum and microspore development. Collectively, our results suggest that BM1 is one of key regulators for rice male fertility and may serve as a potential target for rice male-sterile line breeding and hybrid seed production.

15.
Zootaxa ; 4830(2): zootaxa.4830.2.7, 2020 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056156

RESUMO

Nanling National Nature Reserve is the biggest natural reserve in Guangdong Province. It is located on the south side of the Nanling middle mountain range, bordering on Hunan Province. During Oct. 28-Nov. 2, 2018, a survey was carried out to investigate the fauna of phytoseiid mites in Nanling National Nature Reserve. A total of 17 species in eight genera and two subfamilies was recorded, including two new species Transeius conyzoides Fang Wu sp. nov. and Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) huangjiaensis Fang Wu sp. nov. A checklist of all species is presented in this paper, and the two new species are described and illustrated.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Animais , China
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060070

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Glucose disposal by insulin-responsive tissues maintains the body glucose homeostasis and insulin resistance leads to a risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Insulin stimulates the translocation of glucose transporter isoform 4 (GLUT4) vesicles from intracellular compartments to the plasma membrane to facilitate glucose uptake. However, the underlying mechanisms of GLUT4 vesicle translocation are not well defined. Here we show the role of huntingtin-associated protein 1 (HAP1) in GLUT4 translocation in adipocytes and the pathogenesis of T2DM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The parameters for glucose metabolism including body weight, glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance were assessed in wild-type (WT) and Hap1 +/- mice. HAP1 protein expression was verified in adipose tissue. Hap1 mRNA and protein expression was monitored in adipose tissue of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced diabetic mice. Insulin-stimulated GLUT4 vesicle translocation and glucose uptake were detected using immunofluorescence techniques and quantified in primary adipocytes from Hap1 -/- mice. The interaction between HAP1 and GLUT4 was assessed by immunofluorescence colocalization and co-immunoprecipitation in HEK293 cells and adipose tissue. The role of sortilin in HAP1 and GLUT4 interaction was approved by co-immunoprecipitation and RNA interference. RESULTS: The expression of Hap1 mRNA and protein was detected in WT mouse adipose tissue and downregulated in adipose tissue of HFD-induced diabetic mice. Hap1 +/- mice exhibited increased body weight, pronounced glucose tolerance and significant insulin intolerance compared with the WT mice. HAP1 colocalized with GLUT4 in mouse adipocytes and cotransfected HEK293 cells. Furthermore, the insulin-stimulated GLUT4 vesicle translocation and glucose uptake were defective in Hap1 -/- adipocytes. Finally, sortilin mediated the interaction of HAP1 and GLUT4. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that HAP1 formed a protein complex with GLUT4 and sortilin, and played a critical role in insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation in adipocytes. Its downregulation may contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetes.

17.
Nat Biomed Eng ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33077939

RESUMO

The understanding and treatment of psychiatric disorders, which are known to be neurobiologically and clinically heterogeneous, could benefit from the data-driven identification of disease subtypes. Here, we report the identification of two clinically relevant subtypes of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) on the basis of robust and distinct functional connectivity patterns, prominently within the frontoparietal control network and the default mode network. We identified the disease subtypes by analysing, via unsupervised and supervised machine learning, the power-envelope-based connectivity of signals reconstructed from high-density resting-state electroencephalography in four datasets of patients with PTSD and MDD, and show that the subtypes are transferable across independent datasets recorded under different conditions. The subtype whose functional connectivity differed most from those of healthy controls was less responsive to psychotherapy treatment for PTSD and failed to respond to an antidepressant medication for MDD. By contrast, both subtypes responded equally well to two different forms of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation therapy for MDD. Our data-driven approach may constitute a generalizable solution for connectome-based diagnosis.

18.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(19): 4535-4543, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neonatal distal humeral physeal fractures are rare and difficult to diagnose. Thus, missed diagnoses and delayed healing are possible. Few studies have reported surgical treatment, because a callus may develop at the fracture site 5 d after the fracture, resulting in difficult reduction, and reduction of the limb may cause further physeal injury. Other surgical challenges include the provision of adequate anesthesia and complexity of the operation. However, without appropriate reduction and fixation, a varus elbow deformity may develop. Manual reduction and percutaneous pin fixation are ideal treatment options. CASE SUMMARY: A 4-day-old neonate with left elbow pain accompanied by limited movement for 4 d was admitted, and diagnosed with delayed physeal fracture of the distal humerus based on physical examination, ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance imaging. The patient was treated by manual reduction combined with percutaneous pin fixation under arthrography. Postoperatively, the reduction was successful. The upper limbs could have been lifted and the fingers could have been moved freely on the second day after the operation. CONCLUSION: The techniques of manual reduction and percutaneous pin fixation, to treat neonatal distal humeral physeal fractures, are safe and reliable.

19.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1347-1350, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018238

RESUMO

2D/3D registration of preoperative computed tomography angiography with intra-operative X-ray angiography improves image guidance in percutaneous coronary intervention. However, previous registration methods are inaccurate and time-consuming due to simple deformation and iterative optimization, respectively. In this paper, we propose a novel method for non-rigid registration of coronary arteries based on a point set registration network, which predicts the complex deformation field directly without iterative optimization. In order to maintain the structure of coronary arteries, we advance the classical point set registration network with a loss function containing global and local topological constraints. The method was evaluated on ten clinical data, and it achieved a median chamfer distance of 73.60 pixels with a run time of less than 1s on CPU. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method is highly accurate and efficient.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários , Imageamento Tridimensional , Algoritmos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem
20.
J Environ Radioact ; 225: 106443, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065429

RESUMO

Dose assessments were required for the epidemiological study of residents living near nuclear power plants. In the present work, environmental pathway models have been applied to estimate radiation doses to residents living near the nuclear power plants in Taiwan. Best estimates of doses were made for residents by their age groups in different compass sectors centered at the nuclear power plants. In each sector, radiation doses were assessed using the averaged environmental, consumption and lifestyle data. For epidemiological analyses of cancer risks in different organs or tissues, individual organ absorbed doses were assessed for both the airborne and waterborne effluent releases. Such assessments were performed based on the historic data, including measured effluent releases, detected meteorological parameters, and surveyed data on the production and consumption of local agricultural, fishery and livestock products, etc. Exposure pathways consisted of the external irradiations from air submersion, ground deposition and water immersion plus the internal irradiations from inhalation and ingestion. Age-dependent annual intakes and occupancy time were locally surveyed. Dose conversion coefficients were taken from published data after International Commission on Radiological Protection Publication 60. Annual doses and cumulated doses during residence were assessed and examined for their dependence on age, organ and compass sector.

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