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1.
Regen Med ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829095

RESUMO

Aim: To determine the efficacy and safety of intracoronary infusion of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCINJ) in combination with intensive atorvastatin (ATV) treatment for patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction-elevation myocardial infarction. Patients & methods: The trial enrolls a total of 100 patients with anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The subjects are randomly assigned (1:1:1:1) to receive routine ATV (20 mg/d) with placebo or MSCsINJ and intensive ATV (80 mg/d) with placebo or MSCsINJ. The primary end point is the absolute change of left ventricular ejection fraction within 12 months. The secondary end points include parameters in cardiac function, remodeling and regeneration, quality of life, biomarkers and clinical outcomes. Results & conclusion: The trial will implicate the essential of cardiac micro-environment improvement ('fertilizing') for cell-based therapy. Clinical Trial Registration: NCT03047772.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31853819

RESUMO

To explore the value of right ventricular (RV) parameters detected by three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) in risk stratification in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) patients. We prospectively recruited 130 pulmonary hypertension patients from National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Fuwai Hospital. Each participant was performed a transthoracic echocardiography and 3DE parameters were measured using an off-line software (4D RV Function 2.0, TomTec). Patients were classified into low, intermediate-high risk group based on 2015 ESC Guidelines. A total of 91 PAH patients (34 ± 12 years old, 25 males) were enrolled, among which, 42 were classified into low risk group, while 49 were intermediate-high risk group. Compared with low-risk patients, those with intermediate-high risk had significantly larger 3DE-RV volumes, worse ejection fraction (EF) and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, and decreased longitudinal strain (LS). Receive operating characteristic curves illustrated all the 3DE parameters were able to predict intermediate-high risk stratification, especially 3D-RVEF (area under curve, 0.82, 95% CI 0.73-0.91, P < 0.001). And 3D-RVEF < 26.39% had a 81.6% sensibility and 73.8% specificity to predict intermediate-high risk stratification. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyses identified 3D-RV end-diastolic (OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.01-1.03, P = 0.002) and end-systolic (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.04, P < 0.001) volumes, 3D-RVEF (OR 0.82, 95% CI 0.75-0.90, P < 0.001) and LS of free wall (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.05-1.31, P = 0.005) as independent predictors of intermediate-high risk stratification. In conclusion, RV volumes, EF and free wall strain detected by 3DE were independent predictors of intermediate-high risk stratification in PAH patients, among which, RVEF showed the best predictive capacity.

3.
Pulm Circ ; 9(4): 2045894019883609, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692686

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension is a progressive disease with high mortality with an increasing burden of right ventricular. Right ventricular dyssynchrony was observed in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, but the association with mortality is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the impact of right ventricular dyssynchrony on the survival of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. A total of 116 patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension were enrolled in this study. All these patients underwent comprehensive clinical evaluation. Right ventricular dyssynchrony was assessed by two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography. The time to peak strain (Tpeak) of right ventricular segments were obtained. Right ventricular dyssynchrony was quantified by the standard deviation of the heart rate-corrected Tpeak of right ventricular four segments. All patients were followed up and the primary endpoint was all cause of death. Results found patients with significant right ventricular dyssynchrony present with advanced World Health Organization functional class, worse hemodynamic status and right ventricular function. Right ventricular dyssynchrony was an independent predictive factor for the survival of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed patients with right ventricular dyssynchrony had worse prognosis. In conclusion, right ventricular dyssynchrony analyzed by speckle-tracking echocardiography provided added value to hemodynamic and echocardiographic parameters in evaluating the survival of patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension.

5.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(8): 1499-1508, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31037475

RESUMO

Resting two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) identified right ventricular (RV) systolic function were reported to predict exercise capacity in pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients, but little attention had been payed to 2D-STE detected RV diastolic function. Therefore, we aim to elucidate and compare the relations between 2D-STE identified RV diastolic/systolic functions and peak oxygen consumption (PVO2) determined by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in pre-capillary PH. 2D-STE was performed in 66 pre-capillary PH patients and 28 healthy controls. Linear correlation and multivariate regression analyses were performed to evaluate and compare the relations between RV 2D-STE parameters and PVO2. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to compare the predictive value of 2D-STE parameters in predicting the cut-off-PVO2 < 11 ml/min/kg. There were significant differences of all the 2D-STE parameters between PH patients and healthy controls. In patients, RV-peak global longitudinal strain (GLS, rs = - 0.498, P < 0.001), RV- peak systolic strain rate (GSRs, rs = - 0.537, P < 0.001) and RV- peak early diastolic strain rate (GSRe, rs = 0.527, P < 0.001) significantly correlated with PVO2, but no significant correlation was observed between RV- peak late diastolic strain rate (GSRa, rs = 0.208, P = 0.093) and PVO2. The first multivariate regression analysis of clinical data without echocardiographic parameters identified WHO functional class, NT-proBNP and BMI as independent predictors of PVO2 (Model-1, adjusted r2 = 0.421, P < 0.001); Then we added conventional echocardiographic parameters and 2D-STE parameters to the clinical data, identified S,(Model-2,adjusted r2 = 0.502, P < 0.001), RV-GLS (Model-3, adjusted r2 = 0.491, P < 0.001), RV-GSRe (Model-4, adjusted r2 = 0.500, P < 0.001) and RV-GSRs (Model-5, adjusted r2 = 0.519, P < 0.001) as independent predictors of PVO2, respectively. The predictive power was increased, and Model-5 including RV-GSRs showed the highest predictive capability. ROC curves found RV-GSRs expressed the strongest predictive value (AUC = 0.88, P < 0.001), and RV-GSRs > - 0.65/s had a 88.2% sensibility and 82.2% specificity to predict PVO2 < 11 ml/min/kg. 2D-STE assessed RV function improves the prediction of exercise capacity represented by PVO2 in pre-capillary PH.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Direita , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
6.
Int J Cardiol ; 223: 1045-1052, 2016 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27592047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Layer-specific strain allows the assessment of the function of every layer of myocardium. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changes of non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome(NSTE-ACS) patients with and without complex coronary artery disease(CAD) by layer-specific strain and determine if myocardial strain can identify complex CAD and assess the severity of coronary lesions as defined by Syntax score (SS). METHODS: A total of 139 patients undergoing coronary angiography due to suspected NSTE-ACS were prospectively enrolled. Echocardiography was performed 1h before angiography. Global longitudinal strain (GLS), territorial longitudinal strain (TLS), global circumferential strain (GCS) and territorial circumferential strain (TCS) of the three layers of LV wall were assessed by two-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) with layer-specific myocardial deformation quantitative analysis based on the perfusion territories of the three major coronary arteries in an 18-segment model of LV. SS was used for predicting the severity of coronary lesions in patients with complex CAD. RESULTS: 78 had complex CAD, 32 had 1- or 2-vessel disease and 29 had no significant coronary stenosis confirmed by coronary angiography. According to SS value, 78 complex CAD subjects were subdivided into three groups, 24 in group SS1 (SS≤22), 26 in group SS2 (SS 23-32) and 28 in group SS3 (SS≥33). Compared to the other two groups without complex CAD, patients with NSTE-ACS due to complex CAD had worse function in all 3 myocardial layers assessed by GLS, TLS, GCS and TCS. Endocardial GLS and TLS (all, P<0.01) were most affected. The absolute differences between endocardial and epicardial GLS and TLS were lower in magnitude in patients with complex CAD than in those without (all, P<0.001), and the more complex of coronary lesion, the lower magnitude of the parameters(all, P<0.001). Endocardial GLS and TLS were closely correlated with SS value(r=-0.751 and r=-0.753, respectively; P<0.001). By receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis, endocardial GLS and TLS demonstrated the highest area under curve, showing better diagnostic accuracy (endocardial GLS: value<-21.35% had 72% sensitivity, 84% specificity and area under the curve »0.846; endocardial TLS: value<-20.15% had 72% sensitivity, 88% specificity and area under the curve »0.852) than GCS, TCS, mid-myocardial and epicardial GLS, and TLS(all, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Strains, particularly endocardial GLS and TLS measurement by 2DSTE might enable a non-invasive method to identify complex CAD and predict the severity of coronary lesions in patients with NSTE-ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Vasos Coronários , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Endocárdio , Idoso , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Endocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Endocárdio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
7.
Echocardiography ; 33(4): 618-27, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26661342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the role of two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE) for predicting left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction in pacing-induced canine heart failure. METHODS: Pacing systems were implanted in 8 adult mongrel dogs, and continuous rapid right ventricular pacing (RVP, 240 beats/min) was maintained for 2 weeks. The obtained measurements from 2DSTE included global strain rate during early diastole (SRe) and during late diastole (SRa) in the longitudinal (L-SRe, L-SRa), circumferential (C-SRe, C-SRa), and radial directions (R-SRe, R-SRa). Changes in heart morphology were observed by light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy at 2 weeks. RESULTS: The onset of LV diastolic dysfunction with early systolic dysfunction occurred 3 days after RVP initiation. Most of the strain rate imaging indices were altered at 1 or 3 days after RVP onset and continued to worsen until heart failure developed. Light and transmission electron microscopy showed myocardial vacuolar degeneration and mitochondrial swelling in the left ventricular at 2 weeks after RVP onset. Pearson's correlation analysis revealed that parameters of conventional echocardiography and 2DSTE showed moderate correlation with LV pressure parameters, including E/Esep' (r = 0.58, P < 0.01), L-SRe (r = -0.58, P < 0.01), E/L-SRe (r = 0.65, P < 0.01), and R-SRe (r = 0.53, P < 0.01). ROC curves analysis showed that these indices of conventional echocardiography and strain rate imaging could effectively predict LV diastolic dysfunction (area under the curve: E/Esep' 0.78; L-SRe 0.84; E/L-SRe 0.80; R-SRe 0.80). CONCLUSION: 2DSTE was a sensitive and accurate technique that could be used for predicting LV diastolic dysfunction in canine heart failure model.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Animais , Cães , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
8.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 42(2): 413-20, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26585465

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of 2-D speckle-tracking imaging in the prediction of left ventricular filling pressure in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Eighty-four patients with CAD and 30 healthy controls were recruited prospectively. The longitudinal strain rate (SR) curves were determined in three apical views of the left ventricle long axis. Circumferential and radial SR curves were determined in three short-axis views. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) was invasively obtained by left heart catheterization. Compared with the 30 controls, the patients with CAD had significantly lower global SR during early diastole (SRe) and higher E/SRe in three directions of myocardial deformation. CAD patients with elevated LVEDP had significantly lower SRe and higher E/SRe of three deformations. Pearson's correlation analysis revealed that LVEDP correlated positively with E/E' ratio, radial SRe and longitudinal and circumferential E/SRe. LVEDP correlated negatively with longitudinal and circumferential SRe and radial E/SRe. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that these SR indexes predicted elevated LVEDP (areas under the curve: longitudinal E/SRe = 0.74, circumferential E/SRe = 0.74, circumferential SRe = 0.70, longitudinal SRe = 0.69, radial E/SRe = 0.68, radial SRe = 0.65), but neither was superior to the tissue Doppler imaging index E/E' (area under the curve = 0.84). The present study indicates that 2-D speckle-tracking imaging is a practical method for evaluating LV filling pressure, but it might not provide additional advantages compared with E/E' in CAD patients.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Pressão Ventricular , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Módulo de Elasticidade , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Estatística como Assunto , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia
9.
J Ultrasound Med ; 34(10): 1809-18, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26333567

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of 3-dimensional (3D) speckle-tracking echocardiography for estimating left ventricular filling pressure in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. METHODS: Altogether, 84 patients with CAD and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy control participants in sinus rhythm were recruited prospectively. All participants underwent conventional and 3D speckle-tracking echocardiography. Global strain values were automatically calculated by 3D speckle-tracking analysis. The left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) was determined invasively by left heart catheterization. Echocardiography and cardiac catheterization were performed within 24 hours. RESULTS: Compared with the controls, patients with CAD showed lower global longitudinal strain, global circumferential strain, global area strain, and global radial strain. Patients with CAD who had an elevated LVEDP had much lower levels of all 4 3D-speckle-tracking echocardiographic variables. Pearson correlation analysis revealed that the LVEDP correlated positively with the early transmitral flow velocity/early diastolic myocardial velocity (E/E') ratio, global longitudinal strain, global circumferential strain, and global area strain. It correlated negatively with global radial strain. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that these 3D speckle-tracking echocardiographic indices could effectively predict elevated left ventricular filling pressure (LVEDP >15 mm Hg) in patients with CAD (areas under the curve: global longitudinal strain, 0.78; global radial strain, 0.77; global circumferential strain, 0.75; and global area strain, 0.74). These parameters, however, showed no advantages over the commonly used E/E' ratio (area under the curve, 0.84). CONCLUSIONS: Three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography was a practical technique for predicting elevated left ventricular filling pressure, but it might not be superior to the commonly used E/E' ratio in patients with CAD who have a normal left ventricular ejection fraction.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Pressão Ventricular , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia
10.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 114(12): 1233-9, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25604720

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Individuals with prediabetes (100-125 mg/dL) and diabetes mellitus (DM) increase the risk of all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Since personal substance use such as cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, and areca nut chewing may confound the true effect of clinical biochemistries on the risk of prediabetes, this study aims to examine the relationship between clinical biochemical parameters and the risk of prediabetes among Taiwanese without the habits of consuming tobacco, alcohol drinking, or areca nut. METHODS: Women aged between 40 years and 64 years who came to one community teaching hospital between January 1, 2001 and December 31, 2008 for general health screening for the first time were studied. The general health screening is provided every 3 years gratis. The package of this health screening includes personal history, physical examination, and biochemical tests in serum and urine. RESULTS: In total, 8580 nonsmoking, nondrinking, and nonareca nut chewing women who did not have a history of DM were eligible for this study. Of these, 1861 (21.7%) out of 8580 women were prediabetic. Compared to women with normal fasting glucose (NFG), we found a dose-response relationship of the risk of prediabetes with age and body mass index (BMI) and total cholesterol, triglyceride, glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT), and uric acid in serum. Women with hypertension or proteinuria (≥30 mg/dL) had also an increased risk to have prediabetes. CONCLUSION: Besides age, the factors of BMI, hypertension, dyslipidemia, GPT, hyperuricemia, and proteinuria are the main risk factors for prediabetes in Taiwanese women without substance uses. A follow-up study is necessary to clarify the causality of these important biochemical parameters and prediabetes.


Assuntos
Estado Pré-Diabético/diagnóstico , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Areca , Índice de Massa Corporal , Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Modelos Logísticos , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Proteinúria/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Fumar , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Ácido Úrico/sangue
11.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 30(8): 1539-48, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25106760

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate whether left ventricular (LV) twist analysis can detect the extent of myocardial fibrosis in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). This prospective case-control study recruited 81 consecutive patients with HCM examined between January 2012 and April 2013. Data of 76 patients were analyzed after excluding 5 patients whose echocardiographic images were of poor quality. Healthy volunteers (n = 46) served as controls. Both groups underwent comprehensive echocardiographic examination (i.e., Bas-Rotation, AP-Rotation, LVEF, LADs, IVST, LAVi, E/Em, LVMI, advanced LV-twist analysis by speckle tracking echocardiography) and magnetic resonance imaging. Between-group differences were analyzed by independent t test; logistic regression analysis was performed to identify effect factors. No significant differences were found between baseline characteristics of HCM and control groups (all p > 0.05). HCM patients had significantly higher Bas-Rotation, AP-Rotation, LV Twist, LVEF, LADs, IVST, LAVi, E/Em and LVMI than controls (all p < 0.0001) and significantly lower LVDd and E/A (both p < 0.001). Bas-Rotation, AP-Rotation, LV-Twist, LADs, IVST, LAVi, E/Em and LVMI were significantly higher in HCM patients with fibrosis than in those without fibrosis (p < 0.001), but no significant differences in other echocardiographic parameters were found between those with and without fibrosis. Age, Bas-Rotation, AP-Rotation, LV twist, LADs, IVST, LAVi, E/A, E/Em, and LVMI were significant effect factors for fibrosis. AUROC analysis showed that LV twist had high discriminatory power to detect extent of myocardial fibrosis (AUC 0.996, 95 % CI 0.989-1.004, p < 0.001). Left ventricular twist mechanics are associated with the extent of myocardial fibrosis. LV-twist assessment by STE may be clinically useful.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Contração Miocárdica , Miocárdio/patologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Fibrose , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico
12.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 10 Suppl: 314-8, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25693943

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acute lung injury (ALI) is one of the most severe postoperative complications after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer patients. In order to clarify the mechanism of ALI, we, therefore, studied the operative course of a group of patients who underwent elective esophagectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 75 patients underwent an esophagectomy and reconstruction for thoracic esophageal cancer. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were observed between the two groups regarding their clinical backgrounds, such as their age, smoking index, preoperative pulmonary function, the location of the main tumor, and the tumor nodes metastasis stage. Operative time is thus considered to be a significant factor. The odds ratio (OR) of ALI in cases whose preoperative pulmonary function was 6.70 in comparison to the abnormal preoperative pulmonary functions. The OR for more intraoperative bleeding (>1000 g) was 0.83, compared with a lesser intraoperative bleeding although the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.076). Anastomotic leakage occurred in four patients (44%) in Group I while it only occurred in two patient (6%) among the 33 Group II patients (P = 0.011). CONCLUSION: Greater surgical stress, such as a longer operative time, is thus considered to be associated with the first attack of ALI. The adverse events developing in the extrathoracic site, such as necrosis and local infection around anastomosis may, therefore, be the second attack. Furthermore, ALI may cause not only systemic inflammatory response syndrome but also other complications such as anastomotic leakage.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/epidemiologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/etiologia , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 126(22): 4227-31, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24238502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) maximum volume is becoming a prognostic biomarker for left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction. However, we assessed LV diastolic function by measuring LA phasic volumes using real-time threedimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Sixty-five stable CAD patients with normal LV ejection fraction (LVEF) were divided into three groups according to degree of coronary stenosis: control (n = 15) with <50% stenosis as control group, mildS (n = 25) with mild stenosis (50%-70%) and severeS (n = 25) with >70% stenosis. LA phasic volumes and function were evaluated and compared using RT3DE and two dimensional echocardiography (2DE). N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels were examined. The correlations of RT3DE-derived parameters with other conventional indices were analyzed. RESULTS: Significant correlations between RT3DE and 2DE for LA volume measurements were: control, r = 0.93; mildS, r = 0.94; severeS, r = 0.90 (all P < 0.05). Patients with severe coronary stenosis presented higher NT-proBNP level, indices of LA minimum volume and volume before atrial contraction, but lower LA total emptying fraction (LAEF) and LAEFpassive. Significant correlations of RT3DE derived LA volume indices with E/E' (r = 0.695) and NF-proBNP (r = 0.630) level were found. CONCLUSIONS: RT3DE derived, LA indices correlate well with NT-proBNP level and may be superior to 2DE measurements for the evaluation of LV diastolic dysfunction. Enlargement of LA minimum volume in stable CAD patients without systolic dysfunction appears earlier and may be better correlated with LV diastolic function than that of LA maximum volume.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Tridimensional/métodos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 125(19): 3416-20, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23044298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The left atrial appendage (LAA) is an important source of thrombus formation. We investigated the feasibility of the recently developed real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3D-TEE) method in assessment of the morphology and function of the LAA. METHODS: Ninety-six consecutive patients (58 males with a mean age of (43.4 ± 12.5) years) who were referred for 2-dimensional (2D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) underwent additional RT3D-TEE. LAA morphology was visualized in multiple views. Orifice size, depth, volumes and ejection fraction (EF) of the LAA, were measured. RESULTS: All the patients underwent RT3D-TEE examination without complications. Ninety-two patients (95.8%) had adequate images for visualization and quantitative analysis of the LAA. The LAA exhibited great variability with respect to relative dimensions and morphology. LAA orifice area was (3.8 ± 1.2) cm(2) with a diameter of (2.4 ± 0.9) cm × (1.4 ± 0.6) cm. The mean depth of the LAA was (2.9 ± 0.7) cm. End-diastolic volume (EDV-LAA), end-systolic volume (ESV-LAA) and EF of the LAA were (6.2 ± 3.7) ml, (4.1 ± 2.8) ml, and 0.35 ± 0.16, respectively. EDV-LAA, ESV-LAA and the orifice area of the LAA in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) were larger than those without AF, whereas the EF was smaller in the AF patients. CONCLUSIONS: Defining LAA morphology and quantitative analysis of the size and function of the LAA with superior quality and resolution of images using RT3D-TEE is feasible. This technique may be an ideal tool for guidance of the LAA occlusion procedure. Determination of LAA volumes and volume-derived EF by RT3D-TEE provides new insights into the analysis of LAA function.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional/métodos , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Psychooncology ; 20(10): 1061-8, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20677330

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to describe the gender difference of grief experience and mood distress among caregivers who cared for terminal cancer patients residing in a hospice ward. METHODS: This study recruited 432 caregivers who cared for terminal cancer patients in the hospice ward. Caregivers received telephone interviews 6 months after the patients had died. The Chinese versions of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG) developed in 1995 by Prigerson et al. were employed to assess the mood distress and grief status. RESULTS: Total scores of BDI, BAI, and ICG were significantly higher in females. Six out of twenty-one items of BDI, lack of satisfaction, crying spells, sleep disturbance, fatigability, somatic preoccupation, and loss of libido, showed significantly higher scores in females. According to BAI, inability to relax, dizziness, fear of dying, fright, flushed face, and hot/cold sweats were significantly higher in females. After adjustment for potential confounders, the results show that female gender is associated with higher BDI (regression coefficient 3.24, 95% CI: 1.48-4.99), BAI (3.8; 1.11-6.50), and ICG (4.25, 1.09-7.40). Dichotomizing the BDI, BAI, and ICG into severe and nonsevere cases, the results showed that gender only contributes to severe anxiety status (BAI ≥ 36), but not to severe depression (BDI ≥ 29) or to prolonged grief (ICG ≥ 25). CONCLUSIONS: Bereaved females had higher scores for depression and anxiety than males. Female gender is associated with severe anxiety; however, it is not associated with severe depression or prolonged grief.


Assuntos
Luto , Pesar , Transtornos do Humor/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Cuidadores/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/psicologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Fatores Sexuais , Assistência Terminal/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
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