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1.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(2): 178-184, 2022 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35184447

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the Staphylococcal enterotoxins, Staphylococcal enterotoxin genes, drug resistance and molecular typing of 41 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from 2 food-borne illness outbreaks on 21 August and 27 September 2020 in Guangzhou. Methods: A total of 41 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from 2 outbreaks were analyzed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and spa typing. The Staphylococcal enterotoxins typing and the Staphylococcal enterotoxin genes of the isolates were analyzed by ELISA and PCR, respectively. The antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates was performed by disc diffusion. 21 Staphylococcus aureus isolates were characterized using whole genome sequencing (WGS). Based on the whole genome single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), the phylogenetic tree was constructed by Snippy. Results: 41 Staphylococcus aureus isolates were divided into 2 types by MLST and spa typing: ST6-t701 and ST7-t091. 2 ST7-t091 isolates were identified as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). 25 ST7-t091 isolates and 14 ST6-t701 isolates were methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), and were resistant to 7 and 6 antibiotics, respectively. All isolates were positive for sea by PCR. WGS revealed all 21 isolates carried scn, sak, sea, hla, hld, hlgA, hlgB, hlgC, lukD virulence genes. The results showed the isolates contained an immune evasion cluster type D which located in bacteriophage ϕSa3. The SNP phylogenetic tree showed 2 MRSA ST7-t091 were constituted a separate clade from the 12 MSSA ST7-t091 isolates and 7 ST6-t701 isolates showed high similarity to each other. Conclusion: Base on the results of phylogenetic analysis, the 2 food-borne illness outbreaks occurred on 21 August and 27 September 2020 are caused by the combination of the MRSA ST7-t091 strain and the MSSA ST7-t091 strain, and the MSSA ST6-t701 strain, respectively. All isolates have high level of antibiotic resistance and carry high virulent genes.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Surtos de Doenças , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/epidemiologia , Humanos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus/métodos , Filogenia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/genética
2.
Mol Biochem Parasitol ; 248: 111455, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016896

RESUMO

The study aimed to investigate the expression of cytokeratin and apoptosis-related molecules in the livers of two types of hepatic echinococcosis mice models and to preliminarily explore the relationship between the expression of cytokeratin and apoptosis in echinococcosis related liver injury. We established a mouse model infected by Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis and observed the expression of cytokeratin and apoptosis related proteins in the two types of hepatic echinococcosis tissues during different stages by immunohistochemical staining. A co-culture model was established using normal hepatocytes and different concentrations of E. granulosus and E. multilocularis protoscoleces. Cell Counting Kit-8 was used to detect cell proliferation, flow cytometry was used to detect hepatocyte apoptosis, and western blot was used to quantify cytokeratin and apoptosis-related proteins, such as caspase3, caspase9, Bcl-2, and Bax. Surgical specimens were obtained from patients with hepatic echinococcosis to analyze the expressions of cytokeratin, caspase3, caspase9, Bcl-2, and Bax by western blot. The expressions of cytokeratin and caspase3 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The qRT-PCR method was used to determine the expression of CK8 and CK18 in the liver tissues. In vivo experiments showed that compared to that in the control group, the cytokeratin and caspase3 proteins in the liver tissues of the two types of hepatic echinococcosis were strongly expressed around the lesions of liver echinococcosis; there was a difference between cytokeratin expression of the two different echinococcosis parasites in the liver. Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis in the co-culture model in vitro could promote the expression of CK, caspase3, caspase9, and Bax protein, decrease the expression of Bcl-2, promote hepatocyte apoptosis, and inhibit cell proliferation; in clinical samples, we found that compared with that in the normal tissues, the expression of cytokeratin, caspase3, caspase9, and Bax in echinococcus tissues was high, but that in Bcl-2 was low. Furthermore, the expression of CK8 and CK18 mRNA were higher in echinococcus tissues than that in the normal tissues and immunohistochemistry analysis also showed that cytokeratin and caspase3 levels were higher in echinococcus tissues than that in the normal tissues. The expression of cytokeratin and apoptosis-related molecules, reflecting liver damage, is high in the liver and is caused due to hepatic echinococcosis. This study provides the first evidence of cytokeratin could be useful for evaluating liver tissue damage caused by echinococcus infection.


Assuntos
Equinococose Hepática , Equinococose , Echinococcus granulosus , Echinococcus multilocularis , Animais , Apoptose , Equinococose/parasitologia , Equinococose Hepática/parasitologia , Echinococcus granulosus/genética , Echinococcus multilocularis/genética , Humanos , Queratinas , Fígado/parasitologia , Camundongos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(2): 136-140, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012303

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of toripalimab combined with axitinib in the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma. Methods: Clinical data of 50 patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who received axitinib combined with toripalimab were retrospectively collected from the database of Peking University Cancer Hospital. ORR, DCR, PFS, and OS were analyzed. Results: Among the 50 patients, 37 were males; median age was 56 (22-73) years; 38 were pathologically diagnosed as clear cell renal cell carcinoma and 12 were non-clear cell carcinoma. Common metastatic sites included lung, bone, lymph node, liver, and so on. 90% of the patients had received at least one-line of systemic therapy. With a median follow-up time of 11.9 months (0.8-24), 27 of the 50 patients are still on treatment, ORR was 34%, DCR was 86%, median PFS was 13.1 months (95%CI 5.8-20.4), and median OS has not yet reached. One-year OS rate was 84.6%. Common adverse reactions were proteinuria, diarrhea, hypertension, abnormal thyroid function, elevated transaminase, and hand-foot syndrome. Most adverse events were grade 1-2. Conclusion: Toripalimab combined with axitinib was efficient in the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma, and had manageable adverse reactions.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos , Axitinibe , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Axitinibe/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
Anim Genet ; 53(1): 146-151, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658041

RESUMO

Inbred pigs are promising animal models for biomedical research and xenotransplantation. Established in 1980, the Banna minipig inbred (BMI) line originated from a sow and its own male offspring. It was selected from a small backcountry minority Lahu village, where records show that no other pig breed has ever been introduced. During the inbreeding process, we perfomed extreme inbreeding over 23 consecutive generations using full-sibling or parent-offspring mating. In order to investigate the inbreeding effects in BMI pigs across generations over the past 40 years, in this study we conducted a genome-wide SNP genotyping of the last 10 generations, representing generations 14-23. In total, we genotyped 57,746 SNPs, corresponding to an average decrease in heterozygosity rate of 0.0078 per generation. Furthermore, we were only able to identify 18,216 polymorphic loci with a MAF larger than 0.05, which is substantially lower than the values in previous reports on other pig breeds. In addition, we sequenced the genome of the first pig in the twenty-third generation (inbreeding coefficient 99.28%) to an average coverage of 12.4× to evaluate at the genome level the impact of advanced inbreeding. ROH analysis indicates that BMI pigs have longer ROHs than Wuzhishan and Duroc pigs. Those long ROH regions in BMI pigs are enriched for distinct functions compared with the highly polymorphic regions. Our study reveals a genome-wide allele diversity loss during the progress of inbreeding in BMI pigs and characterizes ROH and polymorphic regions as a result of inbreeding. Overall, our results indicate the successful establishment of the BMI line, which paves the way for further in-depth studies.


Assuntos
Endogamia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Porco Miniatura/genética , Animais , China , Suínos , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
5.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(10): 904-909, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674466

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of fistula stent made by 3D printing technique in the treatment of enteroatmospheric fistula. Methods: A descriptive case series study was carried out. INCLUSION CRITERIA: (1) patients with open abdomen; (2) patients with enteroatmospheric fistula. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: (1) patient with two or more fistulas; (2) distal obstruction; (3) bowel stenosis over 50%. According to above criteria, 17 EAF patients admitted to the General Surgery Department of Jinling Hospital from June 2019 to January 2020 were retrospectively included in study. Based on the intestinal radiography, CT reconstruction and finger exploration, the size of fistula, the diameter of the intestinal tube and the angle of the intestinal lumen around the fistula were assessed. The 3D printing fistula stent was designed and established based on estimated data, and then placed through the fistula. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: (1) success rate of stent implantation; (2) outflow of intestinal contents after implantation; (3) tolerated exercise time; (4) receiving definite operation time for intestinal fistula; (5) time to recovery of enteral nutrition. The t-test was used to compare the outflow amount of intestinal content before and after the stent implantation and the tolerated exercise time. The changes of the outflow amount of intestinal content and tolerated exercise time were analyzed by repeated measurement ANOVA. Results: Seventeen EAF patients with open abdomen included 13 males and 4 females. All the patients successfully received intestinal fistula stent implantation. Gastrointestinal angiography 2 days after implantation showed that the digestive tract was unobstructed, and the stent was successfully kept in place until definite surgery. No stent implantation-related adverse reactions were found in patients undergoing definite intestinal fistula surgery. The average outflow amount of intestinal fluid within 7 days after implantation decreased from (702.7±198.9) ml/d to on the first day after implantation (45.8±22.4) ml/d on the 7th day(F=10.380, P<0.001). The ambulatory time and exercise time of patients continued to increase after stent implantation. The average tolerated exercise time within 14 days after stent implantation increased from (9.1±3.8) min/d to (106.9±21.8) min/d (F=41.727, P<0.001). Within 120 days after stent implantation, 15 patients successfully underwent definite surgery for intestinal fistula and reconstruction of abdominal wall. Patients needed a median (IQR) of 3 (2, 5) days to recover enteral nutrition. The average time from stent placement to surgery was (87.2±17.6) days. Two patients died of severe abdominal infection with multiple organ failure. Conclusion: 3D printing fistula stent can significantly and the outflow of intestinal contents and the difficulty of nursing, and help to restore enteral nutrition and rehabilitation exercise as soon as possible in EAF patients with open abdomen.


Assuntos
Parede Abdominal , Fístula Intestinal , Feminino , Humanos , Fístula Intestinal/cirurgia , Masculino , Impressão Tridimensional , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(8): 736-739, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517452

RESUMO

Patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis is sensitive to concurrent infection and impact glucocorticoid response and disease prognosis. Glucocorticoids can increase the incidence and of serious infections and fungal infections. Among them, Gram-negative bacterial infections are the major one, and invasive fungal infections are not uncommon. Early diagnosis and empiric anti-infective therapy are important means for severe alcoholic hepatitis with concurrent infection. Anti-infective strategies covering multiple drug-resistant bacteria should be timely formulated after determining the high risk of multiple drug-resistant bacterial infections.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Hepatite Alcoólica , Micoses , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos
7.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(7): 638-643, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289550

RESUMO

Intestinal organoids, also named "mini-guts", reconstitute sophisticated three-dimensional architecture recapitulating diversified intestinal epithelial cell types and physiology, which is driven by the proliferative and self-assembling characteristics of crypt stem cells. The initiation of organoids study relies on the identification of Lgr5+ crypt stem cells from different intestinal segments and the key role of EGF, Wnt, BMP/TGF-ß, Notch signal pathways within the microenvironment during the cultivation process. Besides constituting polarized crypt-villus structures, these "mini-guts" exhibit various effective functions of intestinal epithelium. Since 2009 when the culture system of small intestinal organoids was established by Sato et al, intestinal organoids excel conventional intestinal models depending on genetical mutation in multiple aspects and thus have become the hotspot among the research on intestinal diseases. Combined with genomics, material science and engineering, "mini-guts" have been widely applied to the research on intestinal development, intestinal transport physiology, epithelial barrier, pathogen-host interaction and the study on cystic fibrosis, infectious diarrhea, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, intestinal cancer, etc. In this review, we summarize the new insights introduced by organoid into the research on intestinal diseases, and related research advances and applications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais , Organoides , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal , Intestinos , Células-Tronco , Microambiente Tumoral
8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1023-1027, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212548

RESUMO

In recent years, both international and domestic societies have published several guidelines on diagnosis and management of intra-abdominal infection. Due to the different evidence and the different methods adopted in the actual formulation of the guidelines, the recommendations of each version of the guidelines are different. Three international guidelines with great impacts were reviewed, including Diagnosis and management of complicated intra-abdominal infection: guidelines by the Surgical Infection Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America published in 2010, The Surgical Infection Society revised guidelines on the management of intra-abdominal infection published in 2017, and The management of intra-abdominal infections from a global perspective by the World Society of Emergent Surgery. The above guidelines were used to compare with the Chinese guidelines on the diagnosis and management of intra-abdominal infection (2019) which was published in early 2020. Recommendations on the disease severity classification, source control, and antimicrobial therapy are further explained in order to provide guidelines for clinicians.


Assuntos
Cavidade Abdominal , Anti-Infecciosos , Infecções Intra-Abdominais , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Infecções Intra-Abdominais/classificação , Infecções Intra-Abdominais/diagnóstico , Infecções Intra-Abdominais/etiologia , Infecções Intra-Abdominais/terapia
9.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1036-1042, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212551

RESUMO

Objective: Surgical site infection (SSI) can markedly prolong postoperative hospital stay, aggravate the burden on patients and society, even endanger the life of patients. This study aims to investigate the national incidence of SSI following abdominal surgery and to analyze the related risk factors in order to provide reference for the control and prevention of SSI following abdominal surgery. Methods: A multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted. Clinical data of all the adult patients undergoing abdominal surgery in 68 hospitals across the country from June 1 to 30, 2020 were collected, including demographic characteristics, clinical parameters during the perioperative period, and the results of microbial culture of infected incisions. The primary outcome was the incidence of SSI within postoperative 30 days, and the secondary outcomes were ICU stay, postoperative hospital stay, cost of hospitalization and the mortality within postoperative 30-day. Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze risk factors of SSI after abdominal surgery. Results: A total of 5560 patients undergoing abdominal surgery were included, and 163 cases (2.9%) developed SSI after surgery, including 98 cases (60.1%) with organ/space infections, 19 cases (11.7%) with deep incisional infections, and 46 cases (28.2%) with superficial incisional infections. The results from microbial culture showed that Escherichia coli was the main pathogen of SSI. Multivariate analysis revealed hypertension (OR=1.792, 95% CI: 1.194-2.687, P=0.005), small intestine as surgical site (OR=6.911, 95% CI: 1.846-25.878, P=0.004), surgical duration (OR=1.002, 95% CI: 1.001-1.003, P<0.001), and surgical incision grade (contaminated incision: OR=3.212, 95% CI: 1.495-6.903, P=0.003; Infection incision: OR=11.562, 95%CI: 3.777-35.391, P<0.001) were risk factors for SSI, while laparoscopic or robotic surgery (OR=0.564, 95%CI: 0.376-0.846, P=0.006) and increased preoperative albumin level (OR=0.920, 95%CI: 0.888-0.952, P<0.001) were protective factors for SSI. In addition, as compared to non-SSI patients, the SSI patients had significantly higher rate of ICU stay [26.4% (43/163) vs. 9.5% (514/5397), χ(2)=54.999, P<0.001] and mortality within postoperative 30-day [1.84% (3/163) vs.0.01% (5/5397), χ(2)=33.642, P<0.001], longer ICU stay (median: 0 vs. 0, U=518 414, P<0.001), postoperative hospital stay (median: 17 days vs. 7 days, U=656 386, P<0.001), and total duration of hospitalization (median: 25 days vs. 12 days, U=648 129, P<0.001), and higher hospitalization costs (median: 71 000 yuan vs. 39 000 yuan, U=557 966, P<0.001). Conclusions: The incidence of SSI after abdominal surgery is 2.9%. In order to reduce the incidence of postoperative SSI, hypoproteinemia should be corrected before surgery, laparoscopic or robotic surgery should be selected when feasible, and the operating time should be minimized. More attentions should be paid and nursing should be strengthened for those patients with hypertension, small bowel surgery and seriously contaminated incision during the perioperative period.


Assuntos
Cavidade Abdominal/cirurgia , Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Cavidade Abdominal/microbiologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Incidência , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia
10.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1043-1050, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212552

RESUMO

Objective: Surgical site infection (SSI) is the most common infectious complication after emergency abdominal surgery (EAS). To a large extent, most SSI can be prevented, but there are few relevant studies in China. This study mainly investigated the current situation of SSI occurrence after EAS in China, and further explored risk factors for SSI occurrence. Methods: Multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted. Clinical data of patients undergoing EAS in 33 hospitals across China between May 1, 2019 and June 7, 2019 were prospectively collected, including perioperative data and microbial culture results from infected incisions. The primary outcome was the incidence of SSI after EAS, while the secondary outcomes were postoperative hospital stay, ICU occupancy rate, length of ICU stay, hospitalization cost, and mortality within postoperative 30 days. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk factors of SSI after EAS. Results: A total of 660 EAS patients aged (47.9±18.3) years were enrolled in this study, including 56.5% of males (373/660). Forty-nine (7.4%) patients developed postoperative SSI. The main pathogen of SSI was Escherichia coli [culture positive rate was 32.7% (16/49)]. As compared to patients without SSI, those with SSI were more likely to be older (median 56 years vs. 46 years, U=19 973.5, P<0.001), male [71.4% (35/49) vs. 56.1% (343/611), χ(2)=4.334, P=0.037] and diabetes [14.3% (7/49) vs. 5.1% (31/611), χ(2)=5.498, P=0.015]; with-lower preoperative hemoglobin (median: 122.0 g/L vs. 143.5 g/L, U=11 471.5, P=0.006) and albumin (median: 35.5 g/L vs. 40.8 g/L, U=9452.0, P<0.001), with higher blood glucose (median: 6.9 mmol/L vs. 6.0 mmol/L, U=17 754.5, P<0.001); with intestinal obstruction [32.7% (16/49) vs. 9.2% (56/611), χ(2)=25.749, P<0.001], with ASA score 3-4 [42.9% (21/49) vs. 13.9% (85/611), χ(2)=25.563, P<0.001] and with high surgical risk [49.0% (24/49) vs. 7.0% (43/611), χ(2)=105.301, P<0.001]. The main operative procedure resulting in SSI was laparotomy [81.6%(40/49) vs. 35.7%(218/611), χ(2)=40.232, P<0.001]. Patients with SSI experienced significantly longer operation time (median: 150 minutes vs. 75 minutes, U=25 183.5, P<0.001). In terms of clinical outcome, higher ICU occupancy rate [51.0% (25/49) vs. 19.5% (119/611), χ(2)=26.461, P<0.001], more hospitalization costs (median: 44 000 yuan vs. 15 000 yuan, U=24 660.0, P<0.001), longer postoperative hospital stay (median: 10 days vs. 5 days, U=23 100.0, P<0.001) and longer ICU occupancy time (median: 0 days vs. 0 days, U=19 541.5, P<0.001) were found in the SSI group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the elderly (OR=3.253, 95% CI: 1.178-8.985, P=0.023), colorectal surgery (OR=9.156, 95% CI: 3.655-22.937, P<0.001) and longer operation time (OR=15.912, 95% CI:6.858-36.916, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of SSI, while the laparoscopic surgery (OR=0.288, 95% CI: 0.119-0.694, P=0.006) was an independent protective factor for SSI. Conclusions: For patients undergoing EAS, attention should be paid to middle-aged and elderly patients and those of colorectal surgery. Laparoscopic surgery should be adopted when feasible and the operation time should be minimized, so as to reduce the incidence of SSI and to reduce the burden on patients and medical institutions.


Assuntos
Abdome , Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Abdome/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Emergências , Feminino , Humanos , Laparotomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(6): 2829-2835, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify the role of microRNA-433-5p (miRNA-433-5p) in influencing pathological lesions following acute spinal cord injury (SCI) by targeting mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK1). PATIENTS AND METHODS: SCI model was successfully established in mice by performing hitting injury procedures. Serum levels of miRNA-433-5p and MAPK1 in SCI patients and mice were determined. Grip strengths of both forelimbs in SCI mice and controls were determined. Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assay was applied to verify the binding relation between miRNA-433-5p and MAPK1. After overexpression of miRNA-433-5p and MAPK1 in vivo, the grip strength changes in SCI mice were assessed. Furthermore, the protein level of inflammatory factor iNOS in 293T cells influenced by miRNA-433-5p and MAPK1 was detected by Western blot. RESULTS: MiRNA-433-5p was significantly downregulated in the serum of SCI patients and mice, whereas MAPK1 was up-regulated. Grip strengths of SCI mice were significantly lower than those of controls at different postoperative time points. However, this could be markedly reversed by the in vivo overexpression of miRNA-433-5p. Western blot indicated that the protein level of iNOS was remarkably downregulated in 293T cells overexpressing miRNA-433-5p. MAPK1 was confirmed as the target of miRNA-433-5p, whose expression level was negatively regulated by miRNA-433-5p. Importantly, MAPK1 partially reversed the protective role of miRNA-433-5p in grip strength of SCI mice and inflammatory response at post-SCI. CONCLUSIONS: Overexpression of miRNA-433-5p protects SCI-induced motor dysfunction and inflammatory response by targeting MAPK1.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Doença Aguda , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/patologia
12.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(11): 1027-1033, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770833

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the prevalence, diagnosis and treatment of chronic critical illness (CCI) in China. Methods: The clinical data of 472 adult patients admitted to ICU in 53 hospitals, including basic information, disease-related data, nutrition program, etc., were collected on May 10, 2019, by means of multi-center cross-sectional study. If surgical intervention was needed or the occurrence of the disease was directly related to the surgery, ICU patients were regarded as surgical ICU cases (n=211). In this study, the diagnostic criteria for CCI were: (1) admission to ICU >14 days;(2) combined with persistent organ dysfunction. The prevalence,distribution and treatment of CCI and surgery-related CCI were recorded and analyzed. The Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test or Fisher exact test were used for comparative analysis. Results: Among the 472 ICU patients from 53 hospitals, 326 were male (69.1%) and 146 were female (30.9%). The prevalence of CCI was 30.7% (145/472). Among 211 surgery-related ICU patients, 57 developed CCI with a prevalence of 27.0%. As compared to non-CCI patients, higher APACHE II score [median (IQR) 13.5 (10.0, 18.3) vs. 11.0 (7.0, 16.0), U=2970.000, P=0.007], higher Charlson comorbidity index [median (IQR) 4.0 (2.0, 7.0) vs. 3.0 (1.0, 5.0), U= 3570.000, P=0.036] and higher ratio of breath dysfunction [68.4% (39/57) vs. 48.1% (74/154), χ(2)=6.939, P=0.008] and renal dysfunction [42.1% (24/57) vs. 18.2% (28/154), χ(2)=12.821, P<0.001] were found in surgery-related CCI patients. While SOFA score, Glasgow coma score and other visceral function were not significantly different between surgery-related CCI and non-CCI patients (all P>0.05). NUTRIC score showed that surgery-related CCI patients had higher nutritional risk [43.9% (25/57) vs. 26.6%(41/154), U=5.750, P=0.016] and higher ratio of mechanical ventilation [66.7% (38/57) vs. 52.3% (79/154), χ(2)=3.977, P=0.046] than non-CCI patients. On the survey day, the daily caloric requirements of 50.2% (106/211) of surgery-related ICU patients were calculated according to the standard adult caloric intake index (104.6 to 125.5 kJ·kg(-1)·d(-1), 1 kJ=0.239 kcal), and the daily caloric requirements of 46.4% (98/211) of patients were calculated by physicians according to the severity of the patient's condition. 60.2% (127/211) of nutritional support therapy was enteral nutrition (including a combination of enteral and parenteral nutrition), while the remaining patients received parenteral nutrition (24.6%, 52/211), simple glucose infusion (9.0%, 19/211), or oral diet (6.2%, 13/211). The target calorie of CCI group was 104.6 (87.9, 125.5) kJ·kg(-1)·d(-1), and the actual calorie intake accounted for 0.98 (0.80, 1.00) of the target calory. In the non-CCI group, the target calorie was 104.6 (87.9, 125.5) kJ·kg(-1)·d(-1), and the actual calorie consumed accounted for 0.91 (0.66, 1.00) of the target calorie. There was no statistically significant difference between two groups (P=0.248, P=0.150). Conclusion: The prevalence of CCI and surgery-related CCI in ICU is high, along with severe complications, respiratory and renal dysfunction and mechanical ventilation. Surgical patients admitted to ICU are at high nutritional risk, and active and correct nutritional support is essential for such patients.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal/terapia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Apoio Nutricional/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos
13.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(11): 1041-1050, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770835

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the diagnosis and treatment for enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) in China, and to explore the prognostic factors of ECF. Methods: A multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted based on the Registration System of Chinese Gastrointestinal Fistula and Intra-Abdominal Infections to collect the clinical data of ECF patients from 54 medical centers in 22 provinces/municipalities from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018. The clinical data included patient gender, age, length of hospital stay, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, underlying diseases, primary diseases, direct causes of ECF, location and type of ECF, complications, treatment and outcomes. All medical records were carefully filled in by the attending physicians, and then re-examined by more than two specialists. The diagnosis of ECF was based on the clinical manifestations, laboratory/imaging findings and intraoperative exploration. Results: A total of 1521 patients with ECF were enrolled, including 1099 males and 422 females, with a median age of 55 years. The top three primary diseases of ECF were malignant tumors in 626 cases (41.2%, including 540 gastrointestinal tumors, accounting for 86.3% of malignant tumors), gastrointestinal ulcers and perforations in 202 cases (13.3%), and trauma in 157 cases (10.3%). The direct causes of ECF were mainly surgical operation in 1194 cases (78.5%), followed by trauma in 156 (10.3%), spontaneous fistula due to Crohn's disease in 92 (6.0%), radiation intestinal injury in 41 (2.7%), severe pancreatitis in 20 (1.3%), endoscopic treatment in 13 (0.9%) and 5 cases (0.3%) of unknown reasons. All the patients were divided into three groups: 1350 cases (88.7%) with simple ECF, 150 (9.9%) with multiple ECF, and 21 (1.4%) with combined internal fistula. Among the patients with simple ECF, 438 cases (28.8%) were jejuno-ileal fistula, 313 (20.6%) colon fistula, 170 (11.2%) rectal fistula, 111 (7.3%) duodenal fistula, 76 (5.0%) ileocecal fistula, 65 (4.3%) ileocolic anastomotic fistula, 55 (3.6%) duodenal stump fistula, 36 (2.4%) gastrointestinal anastomotic fistula, 36 (2.4%) esophagogastric/esophagojejunal anastomotic fistula, 29 (1.9%) gastric fistula and 21 (1.4%) cholangiopancreatiointestinal. Among all the simple ECF patients, 991 were tubular fistula and 359 were labial fistula. A total of 1146 patients finished the treatment, of whom 1061 (92.6%) were healed (586 by surgery and 475 self-healing) and 85 (7.4%) died. A total of 1043 patients (91.0%) received nutritional support therapy, and 77 (6.7%) received fistuloclysis. Infectious source control procedures were applied to 1042 patients, including 711 (62.0%) with active lavage and drainage and 331 (28.9%) with passive drainage. Among them, 841 patients (73.4%) underwent minimally invasive procedures of infectious source control (replacement of drainage tube through sinus tract, puncture drainage, etc.), 201 (17.5%) underwent laparotomy drainage, while 104 (9.1%) did not undergo any drainage measures. A total of 610 patients (53.2%) received definitive operation, 24 patients died within postoperative 30-day with mortality of 3.9% (24/610), 69 (11.3%) developed surgical site infection (SSI), and 24 (3.9%) had a relapse of fistula. The highest cure rate was achieved in ileocecal fistula (100%), followed by rectal fistula (96.2%, 128/133) and duodenal stump fistula (95.7%,44/46). The highest mortality was found in combined internal fistula (3/12) and no death in ileocecal fistula. Univariate prognostic analysis showed that primary diseases as Crohn's disease (χ(2)=6.570, P=0.010) and appendicitis/appendiceal abscess (P=0.012), intestinal fistula combining with internal fistula (χ(2)=5.460, P=0.019), multiple ECF (χ(2)=7.135, P=0.008), esophagogastric / esophagojejunal anastomotic fistula (χ(2)=9.501, P=0.002), ECF at ileocecal junction (P=0.012), non-drainage/passive drainage before the diagnosis of intestinal fistula (χ(2)=9.688, P=0.008), non-drainage/passive drainage after the diagnosis of intestinal fistula (χ(2)=9.711, P=0.008), complicating with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) (χ(2)=179.699, P<0.001), sepsis (χ(2)=211.851, P<0.001), hemorrhage (χ(2)=85.300, P<0.001), pulmonary infection (χ(2)=60.096, P<0.001), catheter-associated infection (χ(2)=10.617, P=0.001) and malnutrition (χ(2)=21.199, P<0.001) were associated with mortality. Multivariate prognostic analysis cofirmed that sepsis (OR=7.103, 95%CI:3.694-13.657, P<0.001), complicating with MODS (OR=5.018, 95%CI:2.170-11.604, P<0.001), and hemorrhage (OR=4.703, 95%CI: 2.300-9.618, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of the death for ECF patients. Meanwhile, active lavage and drainage after the definite ECF diagnosis was the protective factor (OR=0.223, 95%CI: 0.067-0.745, P=0.015). Conclusions: The overall mortality of ECF is still high. Surgical operation is the most common cause of ECF. Complications e.g. sepsis, MODS, hemorrhage, and catheter-associated infection, are the main causes of death. Active lavage and drainage is important to improve the prognosis of ECF.


Assuntos
Fístula Intestinal/diagnóstico , Fístula Intestinal/terapia , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Fístula Intestinal/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(10): 782-786, 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30392344

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of mediastinal lymph node resection, metastasis status and treatment on the prognosis of patients with stage Ⅲ-pN2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Clinical data of 206 patients who were pathologically diagnosed as stage Ⅲ-pN2 NSCLC in Tongji Hospital from July 2006 to Dec 2009 were retrospectively analyzed and followed up. Log rank test and Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to analyze the prognostic significance of mediastinal lymph node excision, metastasis state and treatment. Results: The median overall survival (OS) time of the whole group was 29.6 months, and the median disease-free survival (DFS) time was 27.2 months. Univariate analysis showed that the less number of mediastinal lymph node stations with metastasis (single station), the less number of mediastinal lymph nodes involved (less than 2), and postoperative chemotherapy were associated with longer postoperative OS and DFS time (P<0.05 for all). The patients with skip metastasis, negative metastasis of subcarinal lymph node, the lower mediastinal lymph node metastasis rate (MLNR<33%) and postoperative radiotherapy had longer OS and DFS time than those without these factors (P<0.05 for all). Multivariate analysis showed that metastasis of subcarinal lymph node, MLNR and postoperative chemotherapy were the independent prognostic factors for patients with stage Ⅲ-pN2 NSCLC (P<0.05 for all). Conclusion: Metastasis of subcarinal lymph nodes and the higher MLNR might shorten the postoperative survival time of NSCLC patients with stage Ⅲ-pN2, whereas postoperative chemotherapy prolongs the survival time.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Metástase Linfática , Mediastino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(12): 900-904, 2018 Dec 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30605979

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of UCHL5 on proliferation and apoptosis of breast cancer cells. Methods: SW527 cells were infected with lentiviral vector carrying short hairpin RNA to delete the expression of UCHL5. 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium (MTS) assay was used to examine cell proliferation, and subcutaneous transplantation experiments were performed to detect tumor growth. Cell apoptosis was detected using Annexin V/ Propidium iodide (PI) double staining. The correlation between UCHL5 expression and the expressions of proliferation and apoptosis associated genes was analyzed using TCGA breast invasive carcinoma data set. The relationship between UCHL5 expression and breast cancer patients'survival was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier Plotter online tool. Results: After knockdown of UCHL5, A values of SW527 cells on day 2 and day 4 were 0.822±0.017 and 1.045±0.023, respectively, which were significantly lower than 0.976±0.016 and 1.284±0.025 of control cells on day 2 and day 4 (P<0.001). In vivo xenografted mouse model, the volume in UCHL5-suppressed group was (166.90±75.05) mm(3,) significantly smaller than (329.80±35.84) mm(3) in control group (P=0.029). Flow cytometry analysis showed the apoptotic rate of SW527 cells was (8.60±1.13)% after knockdown of UCHL5, significantly higher than (2.95±0.07)% of control group (P=0.020). TCGA database analysis showed that the expression of UCHL5 was positively correlated with the expressions of genes related to cell proliferation, in paralled with the increased expression of UCHL5, the expression of the pro-apoptosis associated genes was decreased. Kaplan-Meier Plotter analysis demonstrated that the overall survival and relapse-free survival of breast cancer patients with high expression of UCHL5 were much shorter (all P<0.001). Conclusions: Down-regulation of UCHL5 inhibits the proliferation and tumor formation and promotes apoptosis of SW527 cells. High expression of UCHL5 may predict poor prognosis of breast cancer patients.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Camundongos
17.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 52(11): 734-739, 2017 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29179267

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the application value of p16/cell proliferation associated nuclear antigen (Ki-67) double-staining and human papillomavirus mRNA in the cytological screening. Methods: Two hundred and fifty-one cases who suffered from atypical squamous cell of undetermined significance (ASCUS), low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), atypical squamous cell-cannot exclude high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H) in ThinPrep cytologic test (TCT) were collected in Peking University First Hospital between October 2015 and March 2016. And p16/Ki-67 double-staining and hybrid capture Ⅱ (HC-Ⅱ) detection were performed on the cervical cells. The result was compared with the pathological result of colposcope guided biopsy. All statistical analysis was completed by Stata 12.0 statistical software analysis. The results of diagnostic tests were described by using the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value,negative predictive value, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: (1) One hundred and eight cases of liquid based cytology diagnosis of ASCUS patients, the positive rate of p16/Ki-67 was 13.9% (15/108), 102 cases of liquid based cytology diagnosis of LSIL patients, the positive rate of p16/Ki-67 was 21.6% (22/102), 41 cases of liquid based cytology diagnosis of ASC-H patients, the positive rate of p16/Ki-67 was 39.0% (16/41), compared amongthree groups, the difference was statistically significant (χ(2)=78.516, P<0.05); cervical exfoliated cells p16/Ki-67 expression rate was 13.0%(28/215) in cervical low-grade lesions [cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) Ⅰ], which was 69.4%(25/36) in high level lesions (CIN Ⅱ-Ⅲ), the difference was statistically significant (χ(2)=7.932, P<0.05). (2) The specificity of p16/Ki-67 detection and diagnosis were higher than those of HC-Ⅱ in ASCUS, LSIL, and ASC-H (89.8% vs 71.4%, 83.3% vs 15.6%, 88.9% vs 40.7%; all P<0.05), meanwhile, the positive predictive value of p16/Ki-67 detection and diagnosis exceed those of HC-Ⅱ in ASCUS, LSIL, and ASC-H (33.3% vs 26.3%, 31.8% vs 12.6%, 81.3% vs 38.5%; all P<0.05). Moreover, the ROC curve of p16/Ki-67 were bigger than those of HC-Ⅱ in ASCUS, LSIL, and ASC-H (0.799 vs 0.696, 0.708 vs 0.531, 0.909 vs 0.561; all P<0.05). Conclusion: For patients with cytological diagnosis of ASCUS, LSIL, and ASC-H, p16/Ki-67 double staining method could be used as an effective method to assist in the diagnosis of high-grade cervical lesions, and the screening efficiency is superior to that of high-rist HPV.


Assuntos
Células Escamosas Atípicas do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Esfregaço Vaginal , Células Escamosas Atípicas do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Biópsia , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/metabolismo , Colposcopia , Citodiagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Teste de Papanicolaou , Papillomaviridae , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Gravidez , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/metabolismo , Coloração e Rotulagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28910887

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the skill and experience of transnasal endoscopic operation for retrobulbar lesions. Methods: Seven patients aged from 25 to 67 years old diagnosed as retrobulbar lesions who underwent transnasal endoscopic operation in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Xiangya Hospital between January 2013 and October 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Two males and five females were included in this study. Five patients underwent transnasal endoscopic operation via media rectus-inferior rectus space, with the other 2 cases via media rectus-superior rectus space. Results: Total lesion removal was achieved in 6 of 7 patients, while 1 patient underwent subtotal removal of the lesion. The visual acuity and visual field improved in 3 cases. The pathological examination showed hemangioma(5 cases), bone cyst(1 case) and fibroma(1 case). All patients were followed up for 9 months to 4 years without complications such as eye movement disorder or blindness, except for 1 case with preoperatively proptosis occurred postoperatively transient diplopia. There was no recurrence in 6 patients with total lesion removal, and the patient underwent subtotal removal of fibroma did not undertake operation again. Conclusion: Transnasal endoscopic operation for retrobulbar lesions is a minimally invasive, safe and effective operatiiv method, which could be taken via different surgical approaches according to the size and location of the lesion.


Assuntos
Cistos Ósseos/cirurgia , Fibroma/cirurgia , Hemangioma/cirurgia , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/métodos , Neoplasias Orbitárias/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acuidade Visual
19.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 54(3): 233-7, 2016 Mar 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26932894

RESUMO

Intestinal fistulas are severe complications after abdominal surgical procedures. The endoscopic therapy makes it possible to close fistulas without surgical interventions. When patients achieved stabilization and had no signs of systemic sepsis or inflammation, these therapies could be conducted, which included endoscopic vacuum therapy, fibrin glue sealing, stents, fistula plug, suture, and Over The Scope Clip (OTSC). Various techniques may be combined. Endoscopy vacuum therapy could be applied to control systemic inflammation and prevent continuing septic contamination by active drainage. Endoscopic stent is placed over fistulas and gastrointestinal continuity is recovered. The glue sealing is applied for enterocutaneous fistulas, and endoscopy suture has the best results seen in fistulas <1 cm in diameter. Insertion of the fistula plug is used to facilitate fistula healing. The OTSC is effective to treat leaks with large defects. Endoscopic treatment could avoid reoperation and could be regarded as the first-line treatment for specific patients.


Assuntos
Endoscopia , Fístula Intestinal/cirurgia , Stents , Adesivo Tecidual de Fibrina , Humanos , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Técnicas de Sutura
20.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 61(2): 26-32, 2015 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26025398

RESUMO

Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) could function as niche cells to promote self—renewal of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the mouse bone marrow. Cohesion was the basis of the two cells to display their biological functions to each other. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of cohesion between MSCs and EPCs. And demonstrated that fibronectin (FN) in EPCs activated the integrin α5β1 of MSCs and further mediated cell-cell cohesion. Integrin α5β1 and its FN ligand played critical roles not only in single—cell line adhesion, but also in adhesion between stem and niche cells. This novel finding is important to understand the cross—talk between MSCs and their niche cells.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/metabolismo , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Integrina alfa5beta1/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Adesão Celular , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Meios de Cultura , Fibronectinas/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Interferência de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Interferente Pequeno
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