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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e239323, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1339341

RESUMO

Abstract The β-lactam/lactamase inhibitors (BLBLIs) combination drugs are considered an effective alternative to carbapenems. However, there is a growing concern that the increased use of BLBLIs may lead to increased resistance. This study determined the temporal association between the consumption of BLBLI and the antimicrobial resistance in Gram-negative bacteria. In this retrospective study, electronic data on the Gram-negative bacterial isolates, including A. baumannii, P. aeruginosa, E. coli, and K. pneumoniae from in-patients and susceptibility testing results were retrieved from the medical records of the clinical laboratory. A linear regression and cross-correlation analysis were performed on the acquired data. Increasing trends (p<0.05) in the consumption of BIBLI and carbapenem with a median use of 27.68 and 34.46 DDD/1000 PD per quarter were observed, respectively. A decreased trend (p=0.023) in the consumption of fluoroquinolones with a median use of 29.13 DDD/1000 PD per quarter was observed. The resistance rate of K. pneumoniae was synchronized with the BIBLI and carbapenem consumptions with a correlation coefficient of 0.893 (p=0.012) and 0.951 (p=0.016), respectively. The cross-correlation analysis against the consumption of BIBLI and meropenem resistant K. pneumoniae was peaked at 0-quarter lag (r=951, p=0.016). There was an increasing trend in the consumption of BLBLI and carbapenems. The increasing trend in the rates of resistance to piperacillin/tazobactam, in line with the increasing consumption of BLBLI, suggests that BLBLI has to be used with caution and cannot be directly considered as a long-term alternative to carbapenems.


Resumo Os medicamentos combinados de β-lactâmicos / inibidores da lactamase (BLBLIs) são considerados uma alternativa eficaz aos carbapenêmicos. No entanto, existe uma preocupação crescente de que o aumento do uso de BLBLIs pode levar ao aumento da resistência. Este estudo determinou a associação temporal entre o consumo de BLBLI e a resistência antimicrobiana em bactérias gram-negativas. Neste estudo retrospectivo, os dados eletrônicos sobre as bactérias gram-negativas isoladas, incluindo A. baumannii, P. aeruginosa, E. coli e K. pneumoniae de pacientes internados e os resultados dos testes de suscetibilidade foram recuperados dos registros médicos do laboratório clínico. Uma regressão linear e análise de correlação cruzada foram realizadas nos dados adquiridos. Foram observadas tendências crescentes (p < 0,05) no consumo de BIBLI e carbapenem com uma mediana de uso de 27,68 e 34,46 DDD/1000 PD por trimestre, respectivamente. Foi observada uma tendência de diminuição (p = 0,023) no consumo de fluoroquinolonas com uma mediana de uso de 29,13 DDD/1000 PD por trimestre. A taxa de resistência de K. pneumoniae foi sincronizada com os consumos de BIBLI e carbapenem com coeficiente de correlação de 0,893 (p = 0,012) e 0,951 (p = 0,016), respectivamente. A análise de correlação cruzada contra o consumo de BIBLI e K. pneumoniae resistente ao meropenem atingiu o pico no intervalo de 0 quarto (r = 951, p = 0,016). Houve uma tendência de aumento no consumo de BLBLI e carbapenêmicos. A tendência crescente nas taxas de resistência a piperacilina/tazobactam, em linha com o consumo crescente de BLBLI, sugere que BLBLI deve ser usado com cautela e não pode ser considerado diretamente como alternativa de longo prazo aos carbapenêmicos.

2.
Bioact Mater ; 8: 435-448, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541412

RESUMO

Joint replacement surgery is one of the orthopedic surgeries with high successful rates; however, wear debris generated from prostheses can ultimately lead to periprosthetic osteolysis and failure of the implant. The implant-derived particulate debris such as ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) can initiate the local immune response and recruit monocytic cells to phagocytose particles for generating reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS induces osteoclastogenesis and macrophages to secrete cytokines which ultimately promote the development of osteolysis. In this work, we develop the few-layered Nb2C (FNC) as an antioxidant which possesses the feature of decreasing the production of cytokines and inhibiting osteoclastogenesis by its ROS adsorption. Moreover, local injection of FNC attenuates the UHMWPE-induced osteolysis in a mouse calvarial model. In sum, our results suggest that FNC can be used for treating osteolytic bone disease caused by excessive osteoclastogenesis.

3.
J Peripher Nerv Syst ; 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851050

RESUMO

AIMS: Advances in genetic technology and small molecule drug development have paved the way for clinical trials in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), however, the current FDA-approved clinical trial outcome measures are insensitive to detect a meaningful clinical response. There is therefore a need to identify sensitive outcome measures or clinically relevant biomarkers. The aim of this study was to further evaluate plasma neurofilament light chain (NFL) as a disease biomarker in CMT. METHODS: Plasma NFL was measured using SIMOA technology in both a cross sectional study of a US cohort of CMT patients and longitudinally over six years in a UK CMT cohort. In addition, plasma NFL was measured longitudinally in two mouse models of CMT2D. RESULTS: Plasma concentrations of NFL were increased in a US cohort of patients with CMT1B, CMT1X and CMT2A but not CMT2E compared with controls. In a separate UK cohort, over a six-year interval, there was no significant change in plasma NFL concentration in CMT1A or HSN1, but a small but significant reduction in patients with CMT1X. Plasma NFL was increased in wild type compared to GARSC201R mice. There was no significant difference in plasma NFL in GARSP278KY compared to wild type mice. CONCLUSION: In patients with CMT1A, the small difference in cross sectional NFL concentration versus healthy controls and the lack of change over time suggests that plasma NFL may lack sufficient sensitivity to detect a clinically meaningful treatment response in adulthood. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(44): 3650-3654, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823282

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical epidemiological characteristics of children with pertussis and the infection of their close contacts. Methods: The clinical data of children with pertussis and the etiological detection results of close contacts in Shenzhen Children's Hospital from 2015 to 2018 were collected and descriptive epidemiological analysis was carried out. Results: The cases of pertussis from 2015 to 2018 were reported as 504, 425, 796 and 991 respectively, with a total of 2 716 cases. The most cases was in May in 2015 (72 cases), in August in 2016 and 2018 (68 cases and 144 cases), and in July in 2017 (115 cases). A total of 1 517 male and 1 199 female children were reported from 2015 to 2018, the ratio of male-to-female was 1.3∶1. The proportion of children under 1 year old was 79.7% (2 165/2 716), of which 74.4% (1 610/2 165) was less than 6 months old. Among the reported cases, 1 605 (59.1%) were treated as outpatients, aged M(Q1,Q3) 5 (3, 11) months, and 1 111 (40.9%) were hospitalized, aged 4 (2, 7) months. There were 876 outpatients (54.4%) and 734 inpatients (45.6%) under 6 months of age, 575 outpatients (63.5%) and 331 inpatients (36.5%) between 6 months and 2 years of age, and 154 outpatients (77.0%) and 46 inpatients (23.0%) with above 2 years old, respectively. There were statistically significant differences between the two treatment methods in different age groups (P<0.001). The average hospitalization time of inpatients under 6 months of age was (8.5±3.9) days, that of inpatients between 6 months and 2 years of age was (7.1±3.7) days, and that of inpatients above 2 years old was (6.8±3.3) days. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The etiological test results of pertussis were collected from 617 close contacts of 270 reported cases, the positive detection rate of mothers was the highest (34.9%). Conclusions: From 2015 to 2018, the number of reported cases of pertussis in our hospital fluctuated and increased year by year, with high incidence in summer, mainly in children under 1 year old, and more males than females. Outpatient treatment was more than inpatient treatment, its age was obviously older than the latter. The younger the children, the higher the proportion of hospitalization, and with the increase of the age, the hospitalization time was obviously shortened. Among the close family contacts, the mother might be the main source of pertussis infection in children.


Assuntos
Coqueluche , Criança , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Estações do Ano , Coqueluche/epidemiologia
6.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(11): 991-997, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823300

RESUMO

Objective: Severe radiation-induced late rectal injury (sRLRI) directly affects the quality of life of patients with rectal cancer. Effective prediction of sRLRI before surgery may provide important information for the selection of surgical strategies and perioperative managements. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of predicting sRLRI based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features before and after radiotherapy for rectal cancer. Methods: This was a diagnostic study. Clinical and imaging data of 90 patients with rectal cancer receiving long-term radiotherapy from June 2013 to July 2018 in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were collected retrospectively. Case inclusion criteria: (1) rectal cancer was diagnosed by pathology and age of ≥ 18 years old; (2) patients received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and anterior rectal resection; (3) follow up time ≥ 3 years; (4) patients had no history of other neoplasm. Exclusion criteria: (1) patients did not receive MRI examination in our hospital within 2 weeks before and/or 8 weeks after radiotherapy; (2) images were not good enough for evaluation; (3) medical records were incomplete; (4) patients had severe gastrointestinal diseases. According to the RTOG/EORTC classification criteria for radiation reactions, severe complications of grade 3-4 requiring surgical management were defined as sRLRI. T2WI and DWI images before and after radiotherapy were evaluated. The rectal wall thickness, bladder wall thickness, rectal sacral spacing and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) were measured. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of the above indicators for sRLRI. Results: Among the 90 patients with rectal cancer, 34 (37.8%) developed sRLRI. Before radiotherapy, the median rectal wall thickness of sRLRI and non-sRLRI patients was 4.530 mm and 4.355 mm, respectively; the median bladder wall thickness was 3.962 mm and 3.868 mm, respectively; the median rectal sacral spacing was 15.557 mm and 12.433 mm, respectively; the median ADC value of rectal wall was 1.620 ×10(-3) mm(2)/s and 1.653 ×10(-3) mm(2)/s, respectively. There were no significant differences in above indicators between sRLRI and non-sRLRI patients (all P>0.05). After radiotherapy, compared with non-sRLRI patients, sRLRI patients had increased rectal wall thickness (median: 8.239 mm vs. 6.223 mm, Z=-3.512, P=0.001), rectal sacral spacing (median: 17.728 mm vs. 13.885 mm, Z=-2.247, P=0.025), and change of rectal wall thickness after radiotherapy (median: 98.106% vs. 49.584%, Z=-4.169, P<0.001). After radiotherapy, there were no significant differences in the bladder wall thickness and its change value, the ADC value of rectal wall and its change rate before and after radiotherapy between the two groups (all P>0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of the change rates of rectal wall thickness after radiotherapy, rectal wall thickness and rectal sacral spacing after radiotherapy for predicting sRLRI was 0.763, 0.722 and 0.642, respectively, while the sensitivity was 85.3%, 70.6% and 76.5%, respectively, and the specificity was 64.3%, 71.4% and 57.1%, respectively. Conclusion: Based on MRI examinations, assessments of rectal wall thickness after radiotherapy, the change rate of rectal wall thickness after radiotherapy, and rectal sacral spacing after radiotherapy are helpful for evaluating the risk of sRLRI after radiotherapy for patients with rectal cancer.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias Retais , Adolescente , Quimiorradioterapia , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Retais/radioterapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(9): 1573-1579, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814586

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the gene-body mass index (BMI) interaction on coronary heart disease (CHD) in the Chinese adult twins. Methods: A total of 20 340 same-sex twin pairs registered in the Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR) were enrolled in this study. Classical twin structure equation model was used to estimate the gene-BMI interaction on CHD. Results: After adjusting for age, we found that genetic variance of CHD differed as the function of BMI in male twins, which indicated the presence of a gene-BMI interaction on CHD (P=0.008).The genetic moderating effect (ßa) was -0.14 (95%CI: -0.22--0.04), indicating that for each logarithmic transformation value of BMI increase, genetic path parameters would decrease by 0.14, which would result in the decrease of genetic variance of CHD. And the heritability of CHD was 0.77 (95%CI: 0.65-0.86) among the male twins with lower BMI (<24.0 kg/m2), but 0.56 (95%CI: 0.33-0.74) among the male twins with high BMI (≥24.0 kg/m2). However, there was no evidence suggesting that BMI could moderate genetic variants of CHD in female. Conclusion: We found a significant gene-BMI interaction on CHD in the Chinese male adult twins in China, and the heritability of CHD was higher among the twins whose BMI was <24.0 kg/m2.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/genética , Doenças em Gêmeos/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(10): 1900-1906, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814631

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the impact of vaccination at school and influenza vaccination rates among school-age children on school absenteeism in Shenzhen. Methods: The study subjects were primary school students in Shenzhen. School absenteeism panel database from December 2017 to June 2020 of 286 primary schools in Shenzhen was merged with vaccination rates and organizational patterns (i.e., vaccination at school vs. non-school) data of 9 districts in Shenzhen after influenza vaccination for children. The outcome was the number of school absenteeism. The treatment and control groups were distinguished by organizational patterns and district vaccination rates. Difference-in-Difference (DiD) Poisson regressions were used to analyze the effectiveness of vaccination at school and higher vaccination rates. Besides, a robustness test was performed on the regression results. Results: Poisson regression analysis and robustness test of regression results showed that vaccination at school and higher vaccination rates effectively reduced the risk of school absenteeism, with effectiveness against absenteeism of 32.6% (95%CI: 17.0%-45.3%, P<0.01) and 53.0% (95%CI: 42.1%-61.8%, P<0.01), respectively. Conclusion: A free influenza vaccination program for school-age children in Shenzhen and prioritizing school-based vaccination may be an effective measure to reduce the risk of school absenteeism.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Influenza Humana , Criança , Humanos , Programas de Imunização , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Instituições Acadêmicas , Vacinação
9.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(10): 1006-1013, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814397

RESUMO

Objective: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fourth most dominant cancer in the world and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the China. With the increase in the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in the population, the correlation between MS and HCC has gradually been recognized. MS manifests as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (shortly known as NAFLD) in the liver. A large number of research results has shown that the development of fatty liver is closely related to the occurrence of HCC, in which lipid metabolism plays a key regulatory role, and lipid metabolism is regulated by fatty acid binding protein (FABP). This study signifies the lipid metabolism analysis and the key FABP expression conditions in HCC. Methods: Data of patients who were first diagnosed with primary HCC between January 2016 to July 2019 were collected, and were divided into two groups according to the etiology, namely the viral and non-viral hepatitis-related HCC group. The relationship between MS-related factors and HCC was analyzed by t-test and chi square test. The expressions of FABP1, FABP4 and FABP5 were detected in cancer and adjacent tissues by immunohistochemistry, and the expressions of FABP1, FABP4 and FABP5 in HCC with fatty liver were detected by immunofluorescence. Finally, the expressional characteristics of the above-mentioned FABPs in HCC patients were analyzed with different clinicopathological features. Results: There were statistically significant differences in the rate of abnormal lipid metabolism and the number of abnormalities in MS-related factors between the viral and non-viral hepatitis-related HCC group. FABP1, FABP4, and FABP5 expression in HCC tissues were lower than the corresponding adjacent tumor tissues. Compared with simple HCC, FABP1, FABP4, FABP5 expression were increased in HCC tissues with steatosis, and the expression of FABP was closely related to the clinical characteristics of patients. Conclusion: Abnormal lipid metabolism is closely related to non-viral hepatitis-related HCC. The expression of lipid metabolism regulatory proteins FABP1, FABP4, and FABP5 are down-regulated in HCC tissues, but up-regulated in HCC with fatty liver, suggesting that the relationship between MS, especially dyslipidemia, and HCC should be paid attention to in clinical practice for early intervention. FABP1, FABP4, FABP5 may regulate HCC occurrence and development.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos
10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(5): 859-865, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814479

RESUMO

Objective: To examine whether sleep status and social jet lag are related to the mental health behaviors in children and adolescents, providing a reference for preventing and improving children and adolescents' mental health behaviors. Methods: A large cross-section was conducted in Baoan District, Shenzhen, from April to May 2019. A total of 30 188 adolescents and children in grades 1-12 in 14 schools were included. The growth trajectory and health index questionnaire of primary and secondary school students were designed to evaluate the sleep status. Mental health behavior problems among students were accessed using the parents' and students' versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. After controlling for confounding factors of demographic variables, including gender, age, parental education level, academic performance, learning burden, and noise impact, a multivariate logistic regression model was used for statistical analyses. Results: The sleep duration of four grades students were 90.4%,90.1%, 98.2%, and 98.4%, respectively. 19.9% did not have a post-lunch nap. 19.6% had a wake-up delay of more than or equal to 2 h weekend morning. 35.1% had an inconsistent bedtime and 15.5% had an inconsistent awakening time. The multivariate logistic regression model showed that compared with 8-9 h, the sleep duration of elementary school juniors at night less than or equal to 7 h, 7-8 h increased the risk of psychological behavior problems. The sleep time more than 9 h was negatively correlated with psychological behavior problems. The sleep duration of elementary school seniors less than or equal to 7 h increased the risk of psychological behavior problems. The sleep duration of middle school and high school students less than or equal to 6 h increased psychological behavior problems. The ORs (95%CI) appeared as 2.53(1.85-3.47), 2.41(1.11-5.25), respectively. The ones with a sleep time more than 9 h also increased the risk, and ORs (95%CI) appeared as 2.37(1.40-4.01), 5.38 (1.79-16.1), respectively. Both the absence of post-lunch nap and the nap time less than 0.5 h were risk factors for psychological behavior problems in primary and middle school students. The nap time over 1-2 h was also a risk factor for high school students' psychological behavior problems. Waking up at irregular times in the morning, going to bed at varying times in the evening, and delaying getting up for more than or equal to 2 h on weekends were all risk factors for psychological and behavioral problems among primary and middle school students. The ORs (95%CI) of psychological behavior problems of elementary school juniors and seniors, middle school and high school students were 2.07 (1.45-2.97), 1.57 (1.09-2.26), 2.66 (2.06-3.44), 2.48 (1.96-3.15), respectively. Conclusions: Sleep duration, no post-lunch sleep, and daily intraindividual variability of sleep is positively associated with poor mental health. Additionally, social jet lag is associated with mental health problems in students. It is noted that delaying sleep within half an hour on the weekends of elementary school juniors is significantly associated with an increase in bad mental behavior.


Assuntos
Comportamento Problema , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Pais , Instituições Acadêmicas , Sono , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1160-1166, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814525

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the differences in body mass index (BMI) distribution in adult twins registered in Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR), and provide evidence for the risk factor analysis and prevention and control of overweight or obesity. Methods: A total of 32 725 twin pairs aged 18 years and above who completed the questionnaire survey during 2010-2018 and had complete registered information in CNTR and normal body weight and length were included in the analysis on the population and region specific distributions of BMI of twin pairs and the difference in BMI in twin pairs. Results: The twin pairs included in the analysis were aged (34.6±12.4) years, the twin pairs of same gender accounted for 79.7%. The average BMI was 22.5 kg/m2. The overall prevalence of obesity and overweight was 4.9% and 23.7%, respectively. Participants who were men, 50-59 years old, married, had lower education level, and lived in northern China had higher overweight rate and obesity rate (P<0.001). The difference in overweight or obesity prevalence between monozygotic (MZ) twin pars and dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs was not significant, but firstborn twin pairs had slightly higher rates of overweight and obesity than later-born twin pairs (P<0.05). The analysis in same gender-twin pairs indicated that the difference in BMI was associated with age (trend test: P<0.001), and the difference was more obvious in DZ twin pair in MZ pair and this difference increased with age. The concordant rate of BMI was higher in MZ twin pairs than DZ twin pairs (P<0.05). Conclusion: The distribution of BMI of twin pairs varied with population and region and BMI varied with age due to its genetic nature.


Assuntos
Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Gêmeos Monozigóticos , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia
12.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1167-1173, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814526

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the modification effect of physical activity on the genetic effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: The univariate moderation model was fitted to calculate the modifying effect of physical activity on the genetic effects of T2DM based on the data of 12 107 pairs of same gender twins aged 30 years and older enrolled by the Chinese National Twin Registry in 11 provinces/cities in China. Results: After adjusting for age and gender, the heritability of T2DM was 0.56 (0.31-0.84). Qualified physical activity could attenuate the genetic effects of T2DM. The heritability of T2DM in twin pairs with qualified physical activity was 0.46 (0.06-0.88), which was lower than that in twin pairs without qualified physical activity during the same model [0.68(0.36-0.94)]. Conclusion: T2DM is a moderate genetic disease, physical activity can modify the genetic effects of T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Sistema de Registros , Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
13.
Inorg Chem ; 60(22): 17212-17218, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734704

RESUMO

Organic-inorganic hybrid ferroelectrics (OIHFs) have fueled enormous interest benefiting from their less environmental pollution, performance-tailored functionality, low product costs as well as tunability of structures. However, the lack of material synthesis approaches and diverse targeted molecular design is a stumbling block for designing novel OIHFs rationally. Here, we report a unique organic-inorganic hybrid ferroelectric (3,3-difluoropyrrolidine)2CdCl4 1 and another novel nonferroelectric crystal (3,3-difluoropyrrolidine)2Cd2Cl6 2 by changing various crystallization solvents. Significantly, 1 presents a ferroelectric phase transition behavior at ∼367 K, and the distinct symmetry breaking, i.e., mmmFm, sets up a biaxial ferroelectric with four equivalent directions of polarization, which has a Pr ∼ 0.77 µC/cm2. Systematic studies prove that ferroelectricity can be ascribed to the synergistic effects of the distortion of the inorganic anion skeleton and the ordering of organic cations. This work reveals the potential of constructing novel ferroelectrics based on the solvent selective effect and pyrrolidinium as organic cations.

14.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 1346-1350, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749480

RESUMO

Adolescence is not only an important stage of growth and development, but also a critical period for the formation of social and psychological cognition. The increasing incidence rate of depression in adolescents has caused serious global burden of disease. Allostatic load is a comprehensive index including multiple physiological system disorders. In the key stage of brain development, allostatic load plays an important role in the occurrence and development of mental diseases. This paper summarized the evaluation methods and prevalence of adolescent allostatic load, reviewed the relationship between allostatic load and adolescent depression, and revealed the possible physiological and neurobiological mechanisms, in order to provide scientific basis for prevention and control of adolescent depression.


Assuntos
Alostase , Transtornos Mentais , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cognição , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estresse Psicológico
16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(20): 6179-6186, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730198

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the biological function of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) MORT in the malignant progression of breast cancer (BCa) and the underlying mechanism, and to provide a novel strategy for clinical treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was conducted to detect differential level of MORT in BCa specimens and cell lines. The correlation between MORT level and pathological indexes of BCa patients was analyzed. After intervening MORT level in SKBR-3 and MCF-7 cells, cell viability, migratory rate and wound closure were examined through Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), transwell and wound healing assay, respectively. Dual-Luciferase reporter assay and rescue experiments were conducted to uncover the regulatory effect of MORT on its target gene FGF1. In vivo function of MORT in mediating tumor growth of BCa was finally assessed by generating a xenograft model in nude mice. RESULTS: MORT was downregulated in BCa tissues and cell lines. Low level of MORT predicted higher rate of distant metastasis in BCa patients. Overexpression of MORT in SKBR-3 cells reduced proliferative and migratory rates, while knockdown of MORT in MCF-7 enhanced them. Moreover, in vivo overexpression of MORT slowed down tumor growth of BCa in nude mice. MORT could negatively regulate its target gene FGF1, which was responsible for the anti-cancer role of MORT in BCa progression. CONCLUSIONS: MORT is downregulated in BCa specimens, which suppresses proliferative and migratory potentials of BCa cells by negatively regulating FGF1. MORT can be an effective target for precision treatment of BCa.

17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(11): 1130-1138, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775724

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the differential expression of circRNAs and their potential impact on the pathophysiological process in cardiac hypertrophy. Methods: Six SPF C57BL/6J male mice, aged 8 to 10 weeks, were randomly divided into transverse aortic constriction (TAC) group (n=3) or sham operation(sham) group (n=3) according to random number table method. TAC mouse model was used to induce cardiac hypertrophy. Four weeks after surgery, high-throughput sequencing analysis was performed to detect differentially expressed circRNA in left myocardial tissues of mice between TAC group and sham group, and principal component analysis of circRNA was performed by R language software. Enrichment analysis was performed by GO and KEGG databases to predict the basic functions of differentially expressed circRNA-derived genes and their biological pathways. The differentially expressed circRNAs in the sequencing results were verified by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Cytoscape software was used to construct circRNA-microRNA (miRNA) network maps to predict their interactions by combining differentially expressed circRNA and TargetScan predicted miRNA sites. Results: Principal component analysis was performed on 4 580 circRNAs detected from 6 samples of mice in TAC group and sham group. The results of R language software indicated that the variance contribution rate of the first 3 principal components, namely the first, second and third principal components, was 91.01%, 3.19% and 2.01%, respectively, and the cumulative variance contribution rate of the 3 components was 96.21%. Among the differentially expressed circRNAs, 6 (19%) were up-regulated and 25 (81%) were down-regulated in the TAC group. GO analysis showed that differentially expressed circRNA was closely related to the occurrence and development of cardiac hypertrophy, and KEGG pathway analysis suggested that downregulated circRNA expression was involved in the regulation of actin cytoskeleton. Fifteen out of the 31 differentially expressed circRNAs were selected for real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction verification, and the results showed that 8 circRNAs were consistent with sequencing results. circRNA-miRNA co-expression network analysis results showed that chr11:65218529-65233184-interacts with mmu-miRNA-30e-3p and mmu-miRNA-30a-3p. Conclusions The differential expression of circRNA in hypertrophic myocardium mice is evidenced in TAC mouse model. circRNA may interact with the corresponding miRNA to influence the occurrence and development of cardiac hypertrophy through autophagy-related cellular hypertrophy pathway or apoptosis-related pathological phenotypes.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Circular , Animais , Biologia Computacional , Hipertrofia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/genética , Miocárdio
18.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(5): 527-530, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness and cost of 50% and 80% wettable powder of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (NESWP) and 26% metaldehyde and niclosamide suspension concentrate (MNSC) in hilly schistosomiasis-endemic regions, so as to provide insights into the selection of chemical molluscicides in hilly regions. METHODS: In September 2020, a wasteland in Guanshanqiao Village, Yanrui Township, Yushan County of Jiangxi Province was selected as the experimental region, which was sectioned into five blocks and defined as four experimental groups (A1, A2, B, C) and a blank control group (D). 80% NESWP were given at doses of 1 g/m2 and 1.5 g/m2 in groups A1 and A2 using the spraying method, 50% NESWP was given at a dose of 2 g/m2 in Group B using the spraying method, and 26% MNSC was at a dose of 4 g/m2 in Group C using the spraying method, while no chemical treatment was given in Group D. Snail survey was performed using a systematic sampling method before chemical treatment and 1, 3, 7 d and 15 d post-treatment to examine the molluscicidal effect, and all molluscicidal costs were estimated to calculate the cost of chemical treatment per 1 m2 and the cost of the reduction in the mean density of living snails per 1%. RESULTS: The highest mortality of snails was 78.95% and the lowest density of living snails was 0.2388 snails/0.1 m2 in the experimental groups within 7 d of chemical treatment, and the highest mortality of snails was 94.74% and the lowest density of living snails was 0.058 0 snails/0.1 m2 7 d post-treatment. There were no significant differences in the snail mortality among the A1, A2, B and C groups 1 (χ2 = 2.250, P > 0.05), 3 (χ2 = 1.779, P > 0.05) or 15 d post-treatment (χ2 = 2.286, P > 0.05), while a significant difference was detected in the snail mortality among the four groups 7 d post-treatment (χ2 = 7.990, P = 0.046). In addition, there were no significant differences in the snail mortality between A1 and A2 groups 1 (χ2 = 0.724, P > 0.05), 3 (χ2 = 0.584, P > 0.05), 7 (χ2 = 0.400, P > 0.05) or 15 d post-treatment (χ2 = 0.251, P > 0.05). The costs of chemical treatment per 1 m2 were 0.58, 0.60, 0.64 Yuan and 0.73 Yuan in groups A1, A2, B and C, and the costs of the mean density of living snail per 1% reduction were 19.29, 20.44, 21.68 Yuan and 23.53 Yuan in groups A1, A2, B and C, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: 80% NESWP shows a high molluscicidal efficacy and low cost in hilly schistosomiasis-endemic regions.


Assuntos
Moluscocidas , Esquistossomose , China/epidemiologia , Custos e Análise de Custo , Etanolamina , Humanos , Moluscocidas/farmacologia , Niclosamida/farmacologia , Esquistossomose/tratamento farmacológico , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle
20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(18): 5653-5663, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In our previous genomic studies in human intracranial aneurysms, we observed downregulations in the expression of a number of ribosomal protein genes and the c-Myc-related gene MYC target 1 (MYCT1). So far there is no information about the roles of MYCT1 in vascular cells. Our study aims to investigate the functional roles of MYCT1 in vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary SMCs were isolated from rat thoracic aorta and cultured in vitro. The mRNA and protein expressions were determined by real-time PCR and western blot respectively. Apoptosis was detected by measuring caspase 3/7 activity. Collagen production was determined with ELISA. RESULTS: Using PCR, we validated our previous genomic data showing that the expressions of MYCT1 and ribosomal protein genes were decreased in human aneurysm tissues. In vascular SMCs, we showed that nitrosative stress downregulated the expression of both MYCT1 and ribosomal proteins. Knockdown of MYCT1 mimicked the effects of nitrosative stress on ribosomal protein expressions, whereas overexpression of MYCT1 blunted the effects of nitrosative stress. MYCT1-dependent downregulation of ribosomal proteins compromised the protein translational capacity of the cells for collagen production. Moreover, the endogenously expressed MYCT1 in vascular SMCs was involved in maintaining normal cellular functions including survival, proliferation and migration. CONCLUSIONS: MYCT1-dependent gene regulation may, at least partly, explain the downregulated expressions of ribosomal proteins observed in human intracranial aneurysms. It is suggested that MYCT1 may represent a novel molecular target for counteracting the decreased activity of aneurysmal SMCs for tissue repairmen/regeneration.

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