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1.
Food Funct ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486446

RESUMO

Anthocyanins (ANCs) are phytochemicals with several health effects and undergo significant degradation and subsequent biotransformation during complex metabolic processes. The aim of the present study was to determine the bioaccessibility and biotransformation of cyanidin-3-glucoside (C3G) during the simulated gastric-intestinal digestion in vitro and the metabolism in rats in vivo. Characterization of C3G and its metabolites was conducted by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. After gastric-intestinal digestion, C3G was detected with a recovery of 88.31% in the gastric-digestive system, and a small amount of methylated-C3G occurred. In the intestinal-digestive system, C3G occurred with a recovery of 6.05%, and mainly decomposed into protocatechuic acid (PCA) and 2,4,6-trihydroxybenzaldehyde. The pharmacokinetic trial of C3G in rats showed rapid elimination in plasma. In tissues, C3G underwent rapid absorption and metabolism into phenolic acids or their derivatives. C3G and methylated-C3G passed through the blood-brain barrier and caused rapid distribution of C3G in the brain. Understanding the conversion of C3G and its metabolites helps in the future design of dietary interventions and the exploration of biological activities of ACNs.

2.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 144: 111643, 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499389

RESUMO

An electrochemical biosensor was proposed utilizing an improved amplification strategy for the rapid detection of sulfamethazine (as a model target) in aquatic environments. In this competitive immunoassay, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide-capped gold nanoparticles (CTAB-AuNPs) were used as a signal amplifier and electrode matrix and coated with an antigen-antibody (Cag-Ab1) specific binding system as a recognition unit for the target compound. In addition, silver nanoparticle labels were functionalized with dendritic fibrous nanosilica (DFNS@AgNPs) and decorated onto chitosan/single walled carbon nanohorn (CS/SWCNH)-modified glass carbon electrodes (GCEs), which improved the electron transfer rate and increased the surface area, enabling more coating antigens to be captured. Under acidic conditions, massive amounts of the Ag+ bound to the surface of the AuNPs dissolved, and consequently, formed Ag+@CTAB-AuNP complexes, which resulted in a distinctly improved peroxidase-like activity and enhanced current response. Furthermore, the destroyed Ab1-Ab2-DFNS conjugation greatly decreased the impedance, bringing about the amplification of the electrochemical signals. After optimization of the parameters, the proposed approach exhibited excellent performance, including good sensitivity (LOD, 0.0655 ng/mL) and satisfactory accuracy (recoveries, 79.02%-118.39%; CV, 3.18%-9.82%), which indicates the great potential of this strategy for the rapid detection of trace pollutants in the environments.

4.
Nanoscale ; 11(32): 15259-15269, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386747

RESUMO

Rare earth (RE3+ = Y3+ and Nd3+) alkali (M+ = Na+ or Li+) tetrafluoride nanocrystals adopt various morphologies and crystal structures depending on the M+-RE3+ size compatibility and Nd3+ concentration. This in turn affects the downconversion NIR luminescence and photothermal properties of the nanocrystals. For NaOH precursor, hexagonal NaNdxY1-xF4 nanocrystals are formed from the initially created cubic NaNdxY1-xF4 nanocrystals, whereas for LiOH precursor, tetragonal LiNd0.03Y0.97F4 nanocrystals are obtained. Due to the large size mismatch between Li+ and Nd3+, unstable LiNdxY1-xF4 undergoes phase separation to form either orthorhombic or hexagonal NdxY1-xF3 nanocrystals upon increasing the Nd3+ concentration. The latter dominates when Nd3+ is the majority rare earth element in the host matrix. NaNdxY1-xF4 nanocrystals display better luminescence and photothermal properties as compared to their Li+-based counterparts and the inverse relationship between emission and light-to-heat conversion efficiencies is exploited for anti-counterfeiting purposes. In this case, patterns deposited on different substrates (e.g., glass and Teflon) using Nd3+-concentrated nanocrystals, with efficient light-to-heat conversion and poor NIR luminescence properties, exhibit bright thermal and dim emission images when irradiated with 808 nm light. On the other hand, areas printed with Nd3+-diluted nanocrystals display dim thermal and bright emission images. Such anti-counterfeiting labels with opposite thermal and NIR emission displays provide enhanced security.

5.
Toxicology ; 422: 102-120, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152848

RESUMO

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is the most commonly used plasticizer which could be easily absorbed by humans and animals through various channels. It has been found that exposure to DEHP could increase the incidence of insulin resistance. In this study, therefore, the metabolism toxicity, susceptibility and mechanism of DEHP (5500 and 50,000 nM exposure for 24 h) on normal BRL cells (Buffalo Rat Liver cells) and BRL cells with insulin resistance induced by insulin were investigated. The results showed that DEHP could cause cell damage with ALT and AST activities and MDA levels increased, cell apoptosis with Caspase-3 levels increased and insulin resistance with IR-ß levels decreased in BRL cells with resistance and normal BRL cells. Western-blot analysis and Q-PCR showed that the levels and gene expressions of insulin signaling proteins (IRS-1, GLUT4, GSK-3α, GSK-3ß, PI3K, AKT, mTOR), cell signaling proteins (RAS, ERK1/2, MEK1/2, BAD, BAX, BCL-2) and immediate early genes in insulin resistance cells and normal cells were significantly altered by DEHP. DEHP significantly promoted serine phosphorylation of IRS-1. The insulin resistance cells in metabolism toxicity were more sensitive to DEHP than normal cells. Intervention with insulin could improve the metabolism toxicity and insulin resistance. The results indicated that DEHP exerted metabolic toxic effects and increased insulin resistance through interfering with glucose metabolism and insulin signaling transduction pathway. Moreover, the risks of DEHP-induced metabolic toxicity and insulin resistance in BRL cells with insulin resistance were higher than that of normal BRL cells.

6.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 223: 117281, 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234020

RESUMO

In this study, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) coupled with multivariate calibrations were employed to develop a rapid, simple and sensitive method for determination of mercury ions residues in dairy products. Initially, spherical Au@SiO2 core shell nanoparticles with highly enhancement effect were synthesized to serve as the SERS substrate. Afterwards, an optical sensor system, namely micro-Raman spectroscopy system, was constructed for rapid acquisition of Au@SiO2-mercury ions spectra. Then, ant colony optimization (ACO) and genetic algorithm (GA) were applied comparatively for selecting the characteristic variables from the Savitzky Golay-First derivative (SG-FD) processing data for subsequent quantitative analysis. Eventually, both linear (PLS and SW-MLR) and nonlinear (BPANN and BP-AdaBoost) methods were used for modeling. Experimental results showed that the variables selection methods significantly improved the model performance. Especially for the ACO algorithm, and the ACO-BP-AdaBoost model achieved the best results with the higher correlation coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.997), and lower root-mean-square error of prediction (RMSEP = 0.092) than other quantification models. Paired sample t-test exhibited no statistically significant difference (sig > 0.05) between the reference concentrations determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and the predicted concentrations by ACO-BP-AdaBoost model in adulterated foodstuffs.

7.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(24): 24609-24619, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236858

RESUMO

Phthalates (PAEs) in drinking water sources such as the Yangtze River in developing countries had aroused widespread concern. Here, the water, suspended particulate matter (SPM), and sediment samples were collected from 15 sites in wet and dry seasons in Zhenjiang, for the determination of six PAEs (DMP, DEP, DIBP, DBP, DEHP, and DOP) using the solid-phase extraction (SPE) or ultrasonic extraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The total concentrations of six PAEs (Σ6PAEs) spanned a range of 2.65-39.31 µg L-1 in water, 1.97-34.10 µg g-1 in SPM, and 0.93-34.70 µg g-1 in sediment. The partition coefficients (Kd1) of PAEs in water and SPM phase ranged from 0.004 to 3.36 L g-1 in the wet season and from 0.12 to 2.84 L g-1 in the dry season. Kd2 of PAEs in water and sediment phase was 0.001-9.75 L g-1 in the wet season and 0.006-8.05 L g-1 in the dry season. The dominant PAEs were DIBP, DBP, and DEHP in water and SPM, DIBP, DEHP, and DOP in sediment. The concentration of DBP in water exceeded the China Surface Water Standard. The discharge of domestic sewage and industrial wastewater might be the main potential sources of PAEs. The risk quotient (RQ) method used for the risk assessment revealed that DBP (0.01 < RQ < 1) posed a medium risk, while DIBP and DEHP (RQ > 1) posed a high environmental risk in water, DIBP (RQ > 1) also showed a high risk in sediment.

8.
Anal Chem ; 91(11): 7353-7359, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31074965

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles as significant biomarkers in disease diagnostics. Here, an electrochemical biosensor was developed for the quick, sensitive, and specific detection of miRNAs from human-serum samples using three-dimensional (3D) DNA tetrahedron-structured probes (TSPs) and duplex-specific nuclease (DSN). The designed TSPs were composed of a recognition sequence that corresponded to a target miRNA and a G-quadruplex sequence that was combined with hemin to mimic the biocatalytic functions for H2O2 reduction and l-cysteine oxidation. After hybridization with miRNA, the TSPs were immobilized on the Au electrode to shape the DNA-RNA double strands, which could be discriminated by DSN for hydrolysis of the DNA in the heteroduplexes to generate significant change in the reduction currents. Under optimal conditions, the biosensor showed a wide linear response ranging from 0.1 fM to 0.1 pM, with a low detection limit of 0.04 fM. Meanwhile, the method showed acceptable accuracy and precision for the determination of miRNAs in serum after a series of assessments.

9.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(4): 1742-1750, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087915

RESUMO

An investigation the optical properties and spatial distribution of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in an ecological purification system and the primary factors that affect the optical properties of the DOM was conducted. Taking the Yanlong Lake ecological purification system as an example, data from spring 2017 and 2018 were compared. The results show that the concentrations of total phosphorus and total nitrogen and the permanganate index in Yanlong Lake were 0.05-0.25, 1.25-2.75, and 3.99-7.17 mg·L-1, respectively. In addition, the dissolved oxygen in the effluent of Yanlong Lake increased to (11.93±1.31) mg·L-1, and the turbidity decreased to (13.23±2.24) NTU, while the change in the permanganate index was not significant. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that the water quality of the Yanlong Lake raw water and water in the pre-treatment area was closely related to the inflow of exogenous sources, while the water quality in submerged plant areas and deep purification areas was dependent on endogenous effects. According to the fluorescence index, humification index, and biological source index analysis, it was found that there are new spontaneous sources of DOM in this body of water, the degree of humification is lower, and endogenous biological DOM is dominant. The PARAFAC model can be used to classify DOM into UV-fulvic acid-like components (239 nm, 304 nm/407 nm), visible light fulvic acid-like components (256 nm, 352 nm/439 nm), tryptophan-like protein (276 nm/327 nm) and humic acid (292 nm, 395 nm/491 nm). The UV absorption index indicates that the spectral intensity of DOM in the raw water, pretreatment unit, and emergent water plant area of Yanlong Lake fluctuates greatly, and the DOM spectral intensity of the submerged plant area and deep purification area is relatively stable. The factors affecting the optical properties of the DOM in terms of water quality parameters are mainly transparency, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, total nitrogen, and algae cell number.

10.
Nat Microbiol ; 4(8): 1378-1388, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31110366

RESUMO

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)-derived components are usually recognized by pattern recognition receptors to initiate a cascade of innate immune responses. One striking characteristic of Mtb is their utilization of different type VII secretion systems to secrete numerous proteins across their hydrophobic and highly impermeable cell walls, but whether and how these Mtb-secreted proteins are sensed by host immune system remains largely unknown. Here, we report that MPT53 (Rv2878c), a secreted disulfide-bond-forming-like protein of Mtb, directly interacts with TGF-ß-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) and activates TAK1 in a TLR2- or MyD88-independent manner. MPT53 induces disulfide bond formation at C210 on TAK1 to facilitate its interaction with TRAFs and TAB1, thus activating TAK1 to induce the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, MPT53 and its disulfide oxidoreductase activity is required for Mtb to induce the host inflammatory responses via TAK1. Our findings provide an alternative pathway for host signalling proteins to sense Mtb infection and may favour the improvement of current vaccination strategies.

11.
J Med Chem ; 62(9): 4555-4570, 2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30951311

RESUMO

We report the synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of 4'-fluoro-2'- C-substituted uridines. Triphosphates of the uridine analogues exhibited a potent inhibition of hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5B polymerase with IC50 values as low as 27 nM. In an HCV subgenomic replicon assay, the phosphoramidate prodrugs of these uridine analogues demonstrated a very potent activity with EC50 values as low as 20 nM. A lead compound AL-335 (53) demonstrated high levels of the nucleoside triphosphate in vitro in primary human hepatocytes and Huh-7 cells as well as in dog liver following a single oral dose. Compound 53 was selected for the clinical development where it showed promising results in phase 1 and 2 trials.

12.
J Int Med Res ; 47(5): 2262-2268, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898056

RESUMO

Tuberculosis is still the leading cause of pericardial disease in developing nations. A definite diagnosis of tuberculosis is usually relatively difficult, especially when its manifestations are not typical. We report a 19-year-old man who presented with chest obstruction, shortness of breath, edema of the lower extremities, and mild fever for 14 days. The manifestations of tuberculosis pneumonia were not typical, except for a small high-density shadow in the left upper lung field near the pleura, with a small amount of pleural effusion on chest computed tomography. The tuberculin skin test, acid-fast stain of sputum and pericardial effusion, and bacterial culture showed negative results. Echocardiography showed three free-floating irregular masses in a large amount of pericardial effusion. The masses and exudates were removed by pericardiectomy. The masses were composed of hyperplastic granulation tissue and dead tissue without a normal architecture, mixed with numerous caseous substances, which confirmed the diagnosis of tuberculous pericarditis. This is a unique report of a patient who presented with tuberculous pericarditis with multiple solid masses in a large amount of pericardial effusion, without typical clinical manifestations of tuberculosis.

13.
Chemosphere ; 225: 282-287, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30877922

RESUMO

A novel competitive electrochemical immunosensor based on Au nanodendrites (Au NDs)/silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) @single-walled carbon nanohorns (SWCNHs) was established for sensitive determination of sulphonamides (SAs) in aquatic environments. The indirectly competitive binding system of the approach was composed of coating antigen that coated on Au NDs/glass carbon electrode (GCE), the target and primary antibody (Ab1). When Ab2@Ag NPs@SWCNHs was captured by coating antigen (Cag)- Ab1 complex, massive Ag+ will be released from electrode in the presence nitric acid (HNO3), consequently, the generated Ag+ will significantly amplify the electrochemical signal, which would be recorded by the linear sweep voltametry (LSV). Meanwhile, the used three-dimensional Au nanodendrites (Au NDs) could increase the conductivity of the electrode and the size of the active surface area to improve the antigen-loading. Under the optimal conditions, the immunosensor showed a good linear relationship for sulfamethazine (SMZ)ranged in 0.33-63.81 ng/mL with a detection limit of 0.12 ng/mL (LOD, based on 90% inhibition). In addition, the proposed approach exhibited satisfactory accuracy and precision (recoveries, 79.25-119.25%; CV, 2.14-9.58%), it can be applied for rapid analysis of the trace pollutants from environmental waters.


Assuntos
Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Imunoensaio/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Sulfonamidas/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Carbono , Eletrodos , Humanos , Limite de Detecção
14.
EMBO Rep ; 20(4)2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30872316

RESUMO

Cyclic dinucleotides (CDNs) are important second messenger molecules in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Within host cells, cytosolic CDNs are detected by STING and alert the host by activating innate immunity characterized by type I interferon (IFN) responses. Extracellular bacteria and dying cells can release CDNs, but sensing of extracellular CDNs (eCDNs) by mammalian cells remains elusive. Here, we report that endocytosis facilitates internalization of eCDNs. The DNA sensor cGAS facilitates sensing of endocytosed CDNs, their perinuclear accumulation, and subsequent STING-dependent release of type I IFN Internalized CDNs bind cGAS directly, leading to its dimerization, and the formation of a cGAS/STING complex, which may activate downstream signaling. Thus, eCDNs comprise microbe- and danger-associated molecular patterns that contribute to host-microbe crosstalk during health and disease.

15.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(9): 8696-8708, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30706278

RESUMO

The effect of industrial activities on trace metals in farmland of rapidly industrializing regions in developing countries has increasingly been a concern to the public. Here, soils were collected from 13 greenhouse vegetable production (GVP) farms or bases near industrial areas in the Yangtze River Delta of China to investigate the occurrence, speciation, and risks of Cr, Cu, Zn, Cd, Ni, and Pb in GVP soil. The results revealed that the main metal elements causing GVP soil pollution were Cd, Zn, Ni, and Cu, of which contamination levels were generally unpolluted to moderately polluted. Zinc pollution was mainly attributed to heavy fertilization, while Cd, Ni, and Cu pollution may be greatly ascribed to industrial effluents and coal combustion. Metal speciation studies showed that most of Cr, Ni, Cu, and Zn was present in residual fraction while more than half of Cd and Pb was present in non-residual fractions. Additionally, pollution of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn in GVP soil increased their corresponding mobile fractions. Risk assessment using potential ecological risk index and risk assessment code showed that Cd was the major risk contributor. Specifically, Cd generally posed moderate or considerable ecological risk as well as displayed medium or high mobility risk in GVP soil. Thus, great attention should be paid to the contribution of both industrial discharges and intensive farming to soil pollution by trace metals, especially Cd, because of its high mobility risk.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais Pesados/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , China , Ecologia , Poluição Ambiental , Fazendas , Indústrias , Medição de Risco , Rios , Solo , Oligoelementos , Verduras/crescimento & desenvolvimento
16.
Anal Chem ; 91(4): 2908-2915, 2019 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30650964

RESUMO

For developing highly selective and sensitive electrochemical sensors for chiral recognition, taking advantage of the synthetical properties of ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD, strong host-guest recognition) and carbon nanotubes wrapped with reduced graphene oxide (CNTs@rGO, excellent electrochemical property and large surface area), as well as the differences in binding affinity between ß-CD and guest molecules, a dual signal electrochemical sensing strategy was proposed herein for the first time in chiral recognition based on the competitive host-guest interaction between probe and chiral isomers with ß-CD/CNTs@rGO. As a model system, rhodamine B (RhB) and phenylalanine enantiomers (d- and l-Phe) were introduced as probe and target enantiomers, respectively. Due to the host-guest interactions, RhB can enter into the ß-CD cavity, showing remarkable oxidation peak current of RhB. In the presence of l-Phe, competitive interaction with the ß-CD cavity occurs and RhB are replaced by l-Phe owing to the stronger binding affinity between l-Phe and ß-CD, which results in the peak current of RhB decreasing and the peak current of l-Phe appears, and interestingly, the changes of both signals linearly correlate with the concentration of l-Phe. As for d-Phe, it cannot replace RhB owing to the weaker binding affinity between d-Phe and ß-CD. Based on this, a dual-signal electrochemical sensor was developed successfully for recognizing Phe. This dual-signal sensing strategy can provide highly selective and sensitive recognition compared to single-signal sensor and has important potential applications in chiral recognition.

17.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1048: 50-57, 2019 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30598157

RESUMO

A competitive immunosensor was established using an electrochemical amperometric strategy for sensitive detection of tetrabromobisphenol A bis(2-hydroxyethyl) ether (TBBPA-DHEE), an important derivative of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA). In this system, the amplified electrochemical signal towards the reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was recorded by amperometric method. Meanwhile, the synthetized catalase functionalized AuNPs-loaded self-assembled polymer nanospheres showed an excellent electrocatalytic ability to catalyse H2O2, which was beneficial for strengthening the electrochemical signals. Under the optimized conditions, this method displayed: (i) low detection limits (0.12 ng/mL, 7 times lower than the traditional ELISA with the same antibody); (ii) satisfactory accuracy (recoveries, 78-124%; RSD, 2.1-8.3%) and good agreement with the corresponding ELISA; (iii) low sample consumption (6 µL) and low cost. The proposed approach was applied for investigation of TBBPA-DHEE from environmental waters, and our results indicated that this immunosensor has great potential to detect the trace pollutants in aquatic environments.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/análise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Éteres/análise , Retardadores de Chama/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Bromados/análise , Imunoensaio/métodos , Fenóis/análise , Anticorpos Imobilizados/imunologia , Compostos Benzidrílicos/imunologia , Catalase/química , Éteres/imunologia , Água Doce/análise , Ouro/química , Hidrocarbonetos Bromados/imunologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Fenóis/imunologia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
18.
Chemosphere ; 221: 554-562, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30660912

RESUMO

This work is a premier demonstrating the technical feasibility of remediation of PAHs-contaminated soil by g-C3N4/Fe3O4. g-C3N4/Fe3O4 has been synthesized by typical two steps involved the synthesis of g-C3N4 and the subsequent in situ co-precipitation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. g-C3N4/Fe3O4 exhibits excellent visible-light-driven photocatalytic activity for the degradation of phenanthrene in soil at circumneutral pH. The enhanced photocatalytic activity of g-C3N4/Fe3O4 should be attributed to the hybrid of Fe3O4 and g-C3N4 and appropriate Fe3O4 loading amount can improve not only the visible light absorption ability but also the separation of the photo-induced electron-hole pairs. The phytotoxicity evaluation, a preliminary ecological risk assess, was conducted on lettuce cultivation experiments. Base on the data of growth indexes including seeds germination percentage, root length, leaf length, and fresh weight of lettuce, it can be conclude that photocatalytic oxidation based on g-C3N4/Fe3O4 provide a mild oxidation process to degrade the phenanthrene from contaminated soil and there is no negative impact on the growth of lettuce. This work definitely demonstrates that this soil remediation method based on g-C3N4/Fe3O4 is technologically feasible and has immense potential in the application of remediation of organic pollutant contaminated soils.


Assuntos
Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos , Alface/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenantrenos/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Cianetos , Ecotoxicologia/métodos , Compostos Férricos , Grafite , Alface/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oxirredução
19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 121: 930-935, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30342137

RESUMO

GP11 had been reported to have effectively anti-tumor activity by improving the immune function in our previous study. To avoid drawbacks of the 5-Fu, GP11 in combination with 5-Fu was investigated in this study. The results demonstrated that such synergism displayed enhance the anti-tumor activity of 5-Fu. Additionally, a strength effect was also observed in regulating immune function of GP11 and 5-Fu simultaneous administration, such as enhancing serum interleukin-2 (IL-2) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) secretion, and increasing immune organs weights. Moreover, GP11 could improve the haematological and biochemical parameters deterioration, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities reduction and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels enhancement in non-immune organs induced by 5-Fu. All these results illustrated that GP11 exhibited attenuated and synergized effect on 5-Fu by improving the immune function. It could be developed as an auxiliary preparation for chemotherapeutic drugs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos Fúngicos/farmacologia , Grifola/química , Neoplasias/patologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Interações de Medicamentos , Feminino , Interleucina-2/sangue , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Neoplasias/sangue , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxidos/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
20.
Artif Organs ; 42(11): E349-E356, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30474888

RESUMO

Artificial hearts are effective devices to treat heart failure in clinical practice and can be divided into two categories: artificial hearts and ventricular assist devices. The goal of this work was to investigate the fluidity and biological changes of in vitro sheep blood using a novel alternating current (AC) magnetohydrodynamic blood pump (central magnetic intensity: 0.9 T, alternating current frequency of the electric motor: 0-80 Hz). Blood samples were collected from five sheep and were divided into two groups: the control group (no exposure to an external magnetic field) and the exposed group (3 h of exposure to an alternating magnetic field). The blood cell counts, changes in blood viscosity, and ultrastructural changes of the blood cells under transmission electron microscopy were investigated. This study demonstrated several findings: (i) Continuous sheep blood flow can be achieved; (ii) The blood cell counts remained unchanged after 3 h of exposure to an alternating magnetic field; (iii) Compared with the control group, the high- and low-shear viscosities of the whole blood from the sheep significantly decreased after 3 h of exposure to an alternating magnetic field (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). Plasma viscosity was significantly reduced after exposure to high-intensity alternating magnetic fields (P < 0.001); (iv) The cytoplasm of blood cells (especially erythrocytes) became lighter in color in the exposure group compared to the control group, and "beads-on-string" aggregations of black particles appeared. This work provides detailed and reliable scientific research data for the development of this type of blood pump, which may serve as a transition to the clinical artificial heart.

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