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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 807(Pt 2): 150872, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627887

RESUMO

The utilization of recycled biochar combined with chemical leaching is an appropriate method to remove cadmium (Cd) from paddy soil. Some Cd-rich soil clay particulates (particulate Cd) are reported to be removed via biochar adsorption and the potential impact of biochar on soil properties need further study. The removal efficiencies and mechanisms of Cd from soil by using floatable hydroxyapatite modified biochar (HBC) combined with CaCl2 were studied. Synergetic removal efficiencies of total Cd (46.5%) and bioavailable Cd (37.9%) from the paddy soil were achieved with 2% HBC and 1 mM CaCl2. The increased soluble Cd in soil pore water by CaCl2 leaching could be efficiently adsorbed on HBC, and removed by HBC collection, reducing the risk of the residual soluble Cd in soil pore water to rice plants caused by the inefficient drainage in the field. The suspendability of clay particulates in overlying water was little affected by the low-level CaCl2 based on Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) calculation. Moreover, low-level CaCl2 facilitated the accumulation of particulate Cd on the floating HBC via decreasing the interaction energy (by 25%) between clay particulates and HBC. HBC-mediated Cd migration contributed ~70% of total Cd removal, while soluble and particulate Cd removed through the drainage accounted for ~30%. Soil clay proportion maintained at 25.3% due to the replenishment of HBC residues. In addition, soil nutrient and physicochemical conditions were improved with HBC residues. This work provides a novel soil remediation method by using floatable biochar combined with low-level CaCl2 for Cd-contaminated paddy soil remediation.

2.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508354

RESUMO

Alternative polyadenylation (APA) is a widespread regulatory mechanism of transcript diversification in eukaryotes, which is increasingly recognized as an important layer for eukaryotic gene expression. Recent studies based on single-cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq) have revealed cell-to-cell heterogeneity in APA usage and APA dynamics across different cell types in various tissues, biological processes and diseases. However, currently available APA databases were all collected from bulk 3'-seq and/or RNA-seq data, and no existing database has provided APA information at single-cell resolution. Here, we present a user-friendly database called scAPAdb (http://www.bmibig.cn/scAPAdb), which provides a comprehensive and manually curated atlas of poly(A) sites, APA events and poly(A) signals at the single-cell level. Currently, scAPAdb collects APA information from > 360 scRNA-seq experiments, covering six species including human, mouse and several other plant species. scAPAdb also provides batch download of data, and users can query the database through a variety of keywords such as gene identifier, gene function and accession number. scAPAdb would be a valuable and extendable resource for the study of cell-to-cell heterogeneity in APA isoform usages and APA-mediated gene regulation at the single-cell level under diverse cell types, tissues and species.

3.
Nanoscale ; 13(30): 12848-12853, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477769

RESUMO

Nucleic acid nanostructures are promising biomaterials for the delivery of homologous gene therapy drugs. Herein, we report a facile strategy for the construction of target mRNA (scaffold) and antisense (staple strands) co-assembled RNA/DNA hybrid "origami" for efficient gene therapy. In our design, the mRNA was folded into a chemically well-defined nanostructure through RNA-DNA hybridization with high yield. After the incorporation of an active cell-targeting aptamer, the tailored RNA/DNA hybrid origami demonstrated efficient cellular uptake and controllable release of antisenses in response to intracellular RNase H digestion. The biocompatible RNA/DNA origami (RDO) elicited a noticeable inhibition of cell proliferation based on the silencing of the tumor-associated gene polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1). This RDO-based nanoplatform provides a novel strategy for the further development of gene therapy.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas , RNA , DNA/genética , Terapia Genética , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA/genética
4.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-26, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565491

RESUMO

Sarcopenia is a core contributor to several health consequences, including falls, fractures, physical limitations, and disability. The pathophysiological processes of sarcopenia may be counteracted with the proper diet, delaying sarcopenia onset. Dietary pattern analysis is a whole diet approach used to investigate the relationship between diet and sarcopenia. Here we aimed to investigate this relationship in an elderly Chinese population. A cross-sectional study with 2,423 participants aged more than 60 years was performed. Sarcopenia was defined based on the guidelines of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia, composed of low muscle mass plus low grip strength and/or low gait speed. Dietary data were collected using a food-frequency questionnaire that included questions on 100 food items along with their specified serving sizes. Three dietary patterns were derived by factor analysis: sweet pattern; vegetable pattern; animal food pattern. The prevalence of sarcopenia was 16.1%. The higher vegetable pattern score and animal food pattern score were related to lower prevalence of sarcopenia (Ptrend =0.006 and Ptrend <0.001, respectively); the multivariate-adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of the prevalence of sarcopenia in the highest versus lowest quartiles were 0.54 (0.34, 0.86) and 0.50 (0.33, 0.74), separately. The sweet pattern score was not significantly related to the prevalence of sarcopenia. The present study showed that vegetable pattern and animal food pattern were related to a lower prevalence of sarcopenia in Chinese older adults. Further studies are required to clarify these findings.

5.
Brain Res ; 1772: 147661, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529966

RESUMO

Quercetin is a flavonoid compound rich in many natural plants with a wide range of pharmacological effects and nutritional value. Although previous studies have initially shown the antidepressant effect of quercetin in some models. However, the exact mechanism of the antidepressant effect of quercetin on the depression model induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) is still unclear or has not been clearly elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the antidepressant effect of quercetin in vivo on a CUMS-induced depression model that is closest to human depression, and to explore its mechanism of action around nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) related signaling pathways, for the first time. Our results demonstrated that CUMS for 21 consecutive days caused significant decreases in the sucrose preference, and the horizontal score and vertical score in the open field test of mice respectively by 22.6%, 34.4%, and 66.6% (all P < 0.01), and a significant increase in the immobility time during the forced swimming test by 110.5% (P < 0.01), but fortunately, after chronic oral administration of high dose quercetin at 40 mg/kg, the abnormalities of the above indicators were significantly reversed by 26.2%, 40.1%, 152.7%, 43.5% (all P < 0.01). Further western blot analysis showed that CUMS caused the phosphorylation or expression levels of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt), Nrf2 and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) proteins in the hippocampus of mice to significantly down-regulate by 60.0%, 72.1%, 90.0% and 50.1% (all P < 0.01), while after chronic oral administration of high dose quercetin at 40 mg/kg, the abnormalities of these proteins were significantly up-regulated by 85.8%, 182.0%, 325.1% and 60.3% (all P < 0.01). In addition, CUMS also caused significant reduction in the levels of antioxidants including superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione-s transferase (GST) in the mice hippocampus by 51.3%, 40.3% (both P < 0.01), while after chronic oral administration of high dose quercetin at 40 mg/kg, the abnormalities of the above indicators were significantly reversed by 69.2% and 49.5% (both P < 0.01), as well as significant elevation in the levels of lipid peroxide malondialdehyde (MDA), inflammation medium nitric oxide (NO) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) by 156.4%, 255.4% and 72.7% (all P < 0.01), while after chronic oral administration of high dose quercetin at 40 mg/kg, the abnormalities of the above indicators were significantly reversed by 45.9%, 26.8% and 55.2% (all P < 0.01). The medium dose of quercetin (20 mg/kg) only reversed some of the above indicators, while the low dose of quercetin (10 mg/kg) had no reversal effect on the above indicators. Collectively, the present study confirmed for the first time that quercetin weakened CUMS-induced depression in vivo, and its mechanism was at least partially attributable to the upregulation of hippocampal Nrf2 and the inhibition of iNOS, thereby correcting the central inflammatory response, and the imbalance between oxidation and antioxidant.

6.
Psychiatry Res ; 305: 114205, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551381

RESUMO

The relationship between thyroid function and depression has long been recognized, but little is known about the effect of thyroid function on the risk of readmission after hospitalization for major depressive disorder (MDD). This retrospective cohort study was aimed to explore the effect of thyroid function on psychiatric readmission after hospitalization for MDD. Data was derived from electronic medical records (EMR) of the Shanghai Mental Health Center (SMHC), Shanghai, China. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted in subjects aged ≥ 18 years who had been hospitalized for MDD between January 1, 2007, and May 31, 2019. Of the 1803 eligible patients, 85 and 132 patients experienced psychiatric readmission within 90 days and 180 days after discharge respectively. Multivariate analyses showed that serum FT3 level (aOR=1.271; 95%CI=1.051-1.537) and comorbidity of thyroid disease (aOR=2,179; 95%CI=1.136-4.179) was independently associated with the risk of 90-day and 180-day readmission respectively. These findings indicated that high serum FT3 levels and comorbidity of thyroid disease could increase the risk of readmission after hospitalization for MDD. It is warranted to provide routine assessment and intervention of the thyroid function during the treatment of depression so as to prevent re-hospitalization.

7.
Nanotechnology ; 32(50)2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479214

RESUMO

The exploration of advanced anode materials through rational structure/phase design is the key to developing high-performance rechargeable batteries. Herein, tetraphosphorus tetraselenide (Se4P4) nanoparticles confined within porous carbon (named SeP@C) are developed for lithium-ion batteries. The designed SeP@C shows a set of structural/compositional advantages as lithium-ion battery anodes including high electrical conductivity, low ion diffusion barrier, and relieved lithiation stress. Consequently, the SeP@C electrode displays superior comprehensive lithium storage performance, e.g., high reversible capacity (640.8 mA h g-1at 0.1 A g-1), excellent cycling stability (500 cycles with respective capacity retention of over or nearly 100%), and good rate capability, representing a comparable lithium storage performance in reported phosphide-based anodes. More significantly, it shows excellent energy storage properties in lithium-ion full cells which can light up 85 red LEDs for over 3.2 h. This work offers an advanced electrode construction guidance of phosphorous-based anodes for the development of high-performance energy storage devices.

8.
Brain Res Bull ; 177: 81-91, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500039

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the antidepressant effect and mechanism of catalpol on corticosterone (CORT)-induced depressive-like behavior in mice for the first time. As a result, CORT injection induced depressive-like behaviors of mice in behavioral tests, aggravated the serum CORT, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and corticotropin-releasing hormone levels, and conspicuously elevated the phosphorylations of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) in the hippocampus and frontal cortex, and down-regulated the expression levels of nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). Furthermore, CORT exposure dramatically augmented the levels of inflammatory factors (interleukin-1ß, tumor necrosis factor-α, nitric oxide synthase, and nitric oxide) and lipid peroxidation product malondialdehyde, and attenuated the levels of antioxidants including reduced glutathione, glutathione S-transferase, total superoxide dismutase, and heme oxygenase-1 in the mouse hippocampus and frontal cortex. On the contrary, catalpol administration markedly suppressed the abnormalities of the above indicators. From the overall results, this study displayed that catalpol exerted a beneficial effect on CORT-induced depressive-like behavior in mice possibly via the inhibition of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis hyperactivity, central inflammation and oxidative damage at least partially through dual regulation of NF-κB and Nrf2.

9.
J Biomed Inform ; 122: 103899, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481921

RESUMO

Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) is fast becoming a powerful technology that revolutionizes biomedical studies related to development, immunology and cancer by providing genome-scale transcriptional profiles at unprecedented throughput and resolution. However, due to the low capture rate and frequent drop-out events in the sequencing process, scRNA-seq data suffer from extremely high sparsity and variability, challenging the data analysis. Here we proposed a novel method called scLINE for learning low dimensional representations of scRNA-seq data. scLINE is based on the network embedding model that jointly considers multiple gene-gene interaction networks, facilitating the incorporation of prior biological knowledge for signal extraction. We comprehensively evaluated scLINE on eight single-cell datasets. Results show that scLINE achieved comparable or higher performance than competing methods, including PCA, t-SNE and Isomap, in terms of internal validation metrics and clustering accuracy. The low dimensional representations learned by scLINE are effective for downstream single-cell analysis, such as visualization, clustering and cell typing. We have implemented scLINE as an easy-to-use R package, which can be incorporated in other existing scRNA-seq analysis pipelines or tools for data preprocessing.

10.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 909: 174396, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332921

RESUMO

Catalpol is a major compound in Rehmanniae Radix with outstanding medicinal and nutritional values. Our previous studies have demonstrated catalpol's antidepressant effect, but its mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to explore the antidepressant mechanisms of catalpol via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/nuclear factor E2-related factor 2(Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) pathway. Results demonstrated that chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) for 5 consecutive weeks caused significant decreases in the sucrose preference and the horizontal and vertical scores of open-field test, as well as a significant increase in the swimming-immobility time of rats; catalpol administration significantly reversed the abnormality of these indicators. Further real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting results together showed that CUMS significantly downregulated the expression levels of hippocampal genes and proteins, including PI3K, Akt, Nrf2, HO-1, tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor; catalpol administration significantly reversed the abnormal expression of these genes and proteins. CUMS also caused a significant decrease in the hippocampal superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione-s transferase, and reduced glutathione levels, as well as a significant increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances level in rats; catalpol administration significantly reversed the abnormality of these indicators. Taken together, this study confirmed for the first time that the antidepressant effect of catalpol on CUMS-induced depression involved the upregulation of the PI3K/Akt/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway, thereby improving the hippocampal neurotrophic, neuroprotective, and antioxidant levels. The PI3K/Akt/Nrf2/HO-1 pathway-related molecules may serve as potential new biomarkers and candidate molecular targets for catalpol's antidepressant effects.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432143

RESUMO

The onset of bipolar disorder (BD) occurs in childhood or adolescence in half of the patients. Early stages of BD usually present depressive episodes, which makes it difficult to be distinguished from major depressive disorder (MDD). Objective biomarkers for discriminating BD from MDD in adolescent patients are limited. We collected basic demographic data and the information of the first blood examination performed after the admission to psychiatry unit of BD and MDD inpatients during 2009-2018. We recruited 261 adolescents (aged from 10 to 18), including 160 MDD and 101 BD. Forward-Stepwise Selection of binary logistic regression was used to construct predictive models for the total sample and subgroups by gender. Independent external validation was made by 255 matched patients from another hospital in China. Regression models of total adolescents, male and female subgroups showed accuracy of 73.3%, 70.6% and 75.2%, with area under curves (AUC) as 0.785, 0.816 and 0.793, respectively. Age, direct bilirubin (DBIL), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), free triiodothyronine (FT3) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were final factors included into the models. The discrimination was well at external validation (AUC = 0.714). This study offers the evidence that accessible information of common clinical laboratory examination might be valuable in distinguishing BD form MDD in adolescents. With good diagnostic accuracies and external validation, the total regression equation might potentially be applied to individualized clinical inferences on adolescent BD patients.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149833, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455270

RESUMO

Heterogeneous catalytic activation mechanisms of peroxydisulfate (PDS) by transition metal oxides are generally attributed to the interactions between catalysts and PDS, however, the role of the co-existed organic substrate was largely overlooked in the past studies. In this work, phenol was selected as the target organic pollutant in a CuO/PDS system to evaluate its deep-seated role in participating in the effective activation of PDS. First, optimized reaction conditions as pH of 6.0, CuO of 5.96 g·L-1 and PDS of 2.5 mM were obtained by the response surface methodology (RSM) with a phenol degradation efficiency of 84.0%. It was further found that pre-adsorption of phenol or PDS led to obviously different performances in the phenol degradation with/without the radical scavengers. Two different activation pathways of PDS, i.e., the non-radical pathway mediated by surface deprotonated phenol to generate 1O2 and the radical pathway mediated by structural Cu(I)/Cu(II) to produce SO4-, were therefore proposed, and the former was predominant in the CuO/PDS/phenol system. In addition, HCO3- and HPO42- could strongly inhibit the phenol degradation while Cl- and NO3- only performed negligible effects. NaOH washing could regenerate the surface hydroxyl groups and recover the catalytic ability of CuO. The result of this study integrated the interactions among the catalyst, oxidant and substrate, providing new insights into environmental-friendly PDS activation processes.

13.
Neuroscience ; 473: 102-118, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358633

RESUMO

Depression has huge social risks of high incidence, disability, and suicide. Its prevalence and harm in people with hyperglycemia are 2-3 times higher than in normal people. However, antidepressants with precise curative effects and clear mechanisms for patients with hyperglycemia are currently lacking. Prescriptions containing Radix Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch., a traditional medicinal herb with a wide range of nutritional and medicinal values, are often used as antidepressants in Chinese clinical medicine. Catalpol is one of the main effective compounds of Radix R. glutinosa, with multiple biological activities such as hypoglycemia. Here, the antidepressant effect of catalpol on the pathological state of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemia and the underlying molecular mechanisms were analyzed. Results showed that administering catalpol orally to hyperglycemic mice for 21 consecutive days significantly reversed the abnormalities in tail suspension, forced swimming, and open field tests. Catalpol also reversed the abnormal phosphorylation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (AKT) and the abnormal levels of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) protein, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and antioxidants, including superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione-s transferase, reduced glutathione, and malondialdehyde in the hippocampus and frontal cortex of STZ-induced hyperglycemic mice. Thus, catalpol attenuates depressive-like behavior in pathological hyperglycemic state, and the antidepressant mechanism could at least be partly attributed to the upregulation of the PI3K/AKT/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in both brain regions, thus restoring the balance between oxidative and antioxidant damage. These data expanded the scientific understanding of catalpol and provided preclinical experimental evidence for its application.


Assuntos
Hiperglicemia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase , Animais , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/tratamento farmacológico , Glucosídeos Iridoides , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Estreptozocina/toxicidade
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 795: 148825, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243004

RESUMO

Decentralized wastewater treatment in rural areas is an imperative challenge around the world, particularly in developing countries. The composite filter bed reactor is viable for decentralized wastewater treatment, but its performance on nitrogen removal often fluctuates with the unstable influent characteristics and loadings. Here, a composite filter bed reactor integrating sulfur, iron(II), and fixed organic carbon (shaddock peel) was developed and continuously operated under different conditions. The fixed organic carbon source promoted nitrogen removal with an efficiency higher than 90% and reduced effluent sulfate level by 40%, indicating that the integrated electron donors could improve the resistance and stability of the reactor. Moreover, sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (Thiomonas, Sulfuriferula, and Acidithiobacillus), iron-oxidizing bacteria (Ferritrophicum), and denitrifiers (Simplicispira and Hydrogenophaga) were identified in the anoxic/anaerobic layer of the reactor, suggesting that mixotrophic denitrification was stimulated by sulfur, iron(II), and fixed organic carbon. The findings of this study indicate that the developed reactor with the integrated electron donors could be reliable for carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus removal and promising for the application of decentralized wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Águas Residuárias , Reatores Biológicos , Carbono , Desnitrificação , Compostos Ferrosos , Ferro , Nitrogênio , Enxofre
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors of digestive tract in the world. Therefore, it is important to carry out studies on the molecular mechanisms of early diagnosis and treatment of HCC to reduce mortality. METHODS: Bioinformatic analysis was performed to explore the significant role of GCSF on the occurrence and development of neoplasm. Differently expressed genes (DEGs) were screened, and the significant hub genes related with GCSF were identified by the multiple algorithms of Cytoscape. Functional annotation for DEGs, pathological stage and overall survival analysis were implemented. In addition, the verification for the role of GCSF on HCC was made via the clinical samples. A total of 70 participates diagnosed as HCC were recruited from November 2014 to November 2019. The immunohistochemistry assay, qRT-PCR, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and overall survival analysis were carried out. RESULTS: GCSF was related with the tumor size, and the expression of GCSF was up-regulated in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues. The enrichment results of GO and KEGG analysis were mainly enriched in "Inflammatory response", "Protein binding", "Metabolic pathways", and "Proteasome". The tumor diameter (P < 0.001), and survival time (P < 0.001) were significantly associated with expression of GCSF via the verification of clinical data. The univariate and multivariate Cox proportional regression analysis manifested that high expression of GCSF in patients with HCC was related to poor OS. CONCLUSION: The expression level of GCSF is significantly associated with the prognostic survival of HCC, and it is expected to become a new prognostic marker of HCC, providing a novel idea for future basic research as well as targeted therapy.

16.
Brief Bioinform ; 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255024

RESUMO

The dynamic choice of different polyadenylation sites in a gene is referred to as alternative polyadenylation, which functions in many important biological processes. Large-scale messenger RNA 3' end sequencing has revealed that cleavage sites for polyadenylation are presented with microheterogeneity. To date, the conventional determination of polyadenylation site clusters is subjective and arbitrary, leading to inaccurate annotations. Here, we present a weighted density peak clustering method, QuantifyPoly(A), to accurately quantify genome-wide polyadenylation choices. Applying QuantifyPoly(A) on published 3' end sequencing datasets from both animals and plants, their polyadenylation profiles are reshaped into myriads of novel polyadenylation site clusters. Most of these novel polyadenylation site clusters show significantly dynamic usage across different biological samples or associate with binding sites of trans-acting factors. Upstream sequences of these clusters are enriched with polyadenylation signals UGUA, UAAA and/or AAUAAA in a species-dependent manner. Polyadenylation site clusters also exhibit species specificity, while plants ones generally show higher microheterogeneity than that of animals. QuantifyPoly(A) is broadly applicable to any types of 3' end sequencing data and species for accurate quantification and construction of the complex and dynamic polyadenylation landscape and enables us to decode alternative polyadenylation events invisible to conventional methods at a much higher resolution.

17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304472

RESUMO

Objective:To discuss the diagnosis and treatment of congenital pyriform sinus fistula(CPSF) in newborn. Methods:Clinical data of 5 patients with CPSF innewborn were reviewed and the clinical symptoms, auxiliary examinations, surgical methods were analyzed after the operation, patients were followed up closely at different stages. Results:All the 5 neonates successfully completed the surgery without pharyngeal fistula, dysphagia, perifistula and distal fistula infection. Follow-up survey ranged from 3 months to 2 years and no one recurred. Conclusion:Neonatal CPSF is a rare disease with a short course of disease and rapid progression. In severe cases, it may threaten life and should be treated in time.


Assuntos
Fístula , Doenças Faríngeas , Seio Piriforme , Fístula/cirurgia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Período Pós-Operatório , Seio Piriforme/cirurgia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Nat Metab ; 3(7): 940-953, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282353

RESUMO

Males and females exhibit striking differences in the prevalence of metabolic traits including hepatic steatosis, a key driver of cardiometabolic morbidity and mortality. RNA methylation is a widespread regulatory mechanism of transcript turnover. Here, we show that presence of the RNA modification N6-methyladenosine (m6A) triages lipogenic transcripts for degradation and guards against hepatic triglyceride accumulation. In male but not female mice, this protective checkpoint stalls under lipid-rich conditions. Loss of m6A control in male livers increases hepatic triglyceride stores, leading to a more 'feminized' hepatic lipid composition. Crucially, liver-specific deletion of the m6A complex protein Mettl14 from male and female mice significantly diminishes sex-specific differences in steatosis. We further surmise that the m6A installing machinery is subject to transcriptional control by the sex-responsive BCL6-STAT5 axis in response to dietary conditions. These data show that m6A is essential for precise and synchronized control of lipogenic enzyme activity and provide insights into the molecular basis for the existence of sex-specific differences in hepatic lipid traits.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Metabolismo Energético , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Característica Quantitativa Herdável , Transcrição Genética , Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Masculino , Metilação , Camundongos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo , Fatores Sexuais , Transdução de Sinais
19.
Sci Immunol ; 6(61)2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330814

RESUMO

IL-33-associated type 2 innate immunity has been shown to support beige fat formation and thermogenesis in subcutaneous inguinal white adipose tissue (iWAT), but little is known about how it is regulated in iWAT. Chemerin, as a newly identified adipokine, is clinically associated with obesity and metabolic disorders. We here show that cold exposure specifically reduces chemerin and its receptor chemerin chemokine-like receptor 1 (CMKLR1) expression in iWAT. Lack of chemerin or adipocytic CMKLR1 enhances cold-induced thermogenic beige fat via potentiating type 2 innate immune responses. Mechanistically, we identify adipocytes, particularly beige adipocytes, as the main source for cold-induced IL-33, which is restricted by the chemerin-CMKLR1 axis via dampening cAMP-PKA signaling, thereby interrupting a feed-forward circuit between beige adipocytes and type 2 innate immunity that is required for cold-induced beige fat and thermogenesis. Moreover, specific deletion of adipocytic IL-33 inhibits cold-induced beige fat and type 2 innate immune responses. Last, genetic blockade of adipocytic CMKLR1 protects against diet-induced obesity and enhances the metabolic benefits of cold stimulation in preestablished obese mice. Thus, our study identifies the chemerin-CMKLR1 axis as a physiological negative regulator of thermogenic beige fat via interrupting adipose-immune communication and suggests targeting adipose CMKLR1 as a potential therapeutic strategy for obesity-related metabolic disorders.

20.
Build Environ ; : 108009, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075270

RESUMO

In previous reports, the positive SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid was detected in the fecal samples from confirmed pneumonia patients, suggesting a high probability of the fecal-oral transmission. To date, however, the role played by the drainage system of a high-rise building in the virus transmission is not clear and especially studies on the dynamics mechanism behind is scarce. From this point of view, the present work carries out a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling to investigate the effects of the water seal effectiveness of the floor drain, the negative/positive pressures (P 1 , P 2 ) in the bathroom, temperature differential (ΔT), outside wind velocity (v), the piping fittings and the negative pressure at the cowl (P 3 ) on the transmission of the virus-laden aerosol particles in a drainage system of a typical 7-storeys residential building. The CFD models are first validated by the previous experiments in literature. Numerical results imply that the drainage system might play an essential role to the virus transmission. Then, results indicate that, the leakage risk of the aerosol particles via the floor drain with inefficient water-seal (UFD) mainly exists at the upper floors above the neutral pressure level (NPL). Besides, the negative and positive pressures at the bathroom can enhance and reduce the exposure risk of aerosol particles from the corresponding UFD, respectively. The ΔT increasing does not modify the location of the NPL. Moreover, the exposure risk of aerosol particles can be effectively avoided by the well water-sealed floor drains and/or the presence of a proper negative pressure at the cowl on the top floor. Finally, based on the CFD results, several protection suggestions on the drainage system and human activities are provided.

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