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1.
Cell ; 185(1): 95-112.e18, 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995520

RESUMO

Fingerprints are of long-standing practical and cultural interest, but little is known about the mechanisms that underlie their variation. Using genome-wide scans in Han Chinese cohorts, we identified 18 loci associated with fingerprint type across the digits, including a genetic basis for the long-recognized "pattern-block" correlations among the middle three digits. In particular, we identified a variant near EVI1 that alters regulatory activity and established a role for EVI1 in dermatoglyph patterning in mice. Dynamic EVI1 expression during human development supports its role in shaping the limbs and digits, rather than influencing skin patterning directly. Trans-ethnic meta-analysis identified 43 fingerprint-associated loci, with nearby genes being strongly enriched for general limb development pathways. We also found that fingerprint patterns were genetically correlated with hand proportions. Taken together, these findings support the key role of limb development genes in influencing the outcome of fingerprint patterning.

2.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 49, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35021996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, non-coding small functional RNAs that govern the post-transcriptional regulatory system of gene expression and control the growth and development of plants. Ginger is an herb that is well-known for its flavor and medicinal properties. The genes involved in ginger rhizome development and secondary metabolism have been discovered, but the genome-wide identification of miRNAs and their overall expression profiles and targets during ginger rhizome development are largely unknown. In this study, we used BGISEQ-500 technology to perform genome-wide identification of miRNAs from the leaf, stem, root, flower, and rhizome of ginger during three development stages. RESULTS: In total, 104 novel miRNAs and 160 conserved miRNAs in 28 miRNA families were identified. A total of 181 putative target genes for novel miRNAs and 2772 putative target genes for conserved miRNAs were predicted. Transcriptional factors were the most abundant target genes of miRNAs, and 17, 9, 8, 4, 13, 8, 3 conserved miRNAs and 5, 7, 4, 5, 5, 15, 9 novel miRNAs showed significant tissue-specific expression patterns in leaf, stem, root, flower, and rhizome. Additionally, 53 miRNAs were regarded as rhizome development-associated miRNAs, which mostly participate in metabolism, signal transduction, transport, and catabolism, suggesting that these miRNAs and their target genes play important roles in the rhizome development of ginger. Twelve candidate miRNA target genes were selected, and then, their credibility was confirmed using qRT-PCR. As the result of qRT-PCR analysis, the expression of 12 candidate target genes showed an opposite pattern after comparison with their miRNAs. The rhizome development system of ginger was observed to be governed by miR156, miR319, miR171a_2, miR164, and miR529, which modulated the expression of the SPL, MYB, GRF, SCL, and NAC genes, respectively. CONCLUSION: This is a deep genome-wide investigation of miRNA and identification of miRNAs involved in rhizome development in ginger. We identified 52 rhizome-related miRNAs and 392 target genes, and this provides an important basis for understanding the molecular mechanisms of the miRNA target genes that mediate rhizome development in ginger.


Assuntos
Gengibre , MicroRNAs , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Gengibre/genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Folhas de Planta , Rizoma
3.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 9945-9950, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34938112

RESUMO

Purpose: The global incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increasing year by year, and many studies have proved that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is involved in the regulation of GDM. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of HOTAIR in GDM patients and its clinical significance. Patients and Methods: Ninety-eight healthy pregnant women and 99 pregnant women diagnosed with GDM were enrolled in this study. Blood samples were collected from all participants and used for qRT-PCR analysis to determine the serum HOTAIR levels. The ROC curve was constructed to evaluate the diagnostic value of HOTAIR for GDM. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to estimate the correlation between HOTAIR and clinical indicators of patients. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the independent predictors of GDM. Results: The level of HOTAIR was augmented in GDM group compared with healthy controls. ROC curve revealed that HOTAIR as a diagnostic marker of GDM has high sensitivity and specificity. Pearson correlation coefficient showed that HOTAIR level was positively correlated with body mass index, fasting plasma glucose, 1-hour plasma glucose and 2-hour plasma glucose. Logistic regression analysis shows that HOTAIR is an independent factor of the occurrence of GDM. Conclusion: The abnormal expression of HOTAIR in pregnant women with GDM made it a potential diagnostic biomarker for GDM.

4.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(1): 14, 2021 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34930907

RESUMO

Mitophagy is a highly conserved cellular process that maintains the mitochondrial quantity by eliminating dysfunctional or superfluous mitochondria through autophagy machinery. The mitochondrial outer membrane protein BNIP3L/Nix serves as a mitophagy receptor by recognizing autophagosomes. BNIP3L is initially known to clear the mitochondria during the development of reticulocytes. Recent studies indicated it also engages in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. In this review, we provide an overview of how BNIP3L induces mitophagy and discuss the biological functions of BNIP3L and its regulation at the molecular level. We further discuss current evidence indicating the involvement of BNIP3L-mediated mitophagy in human disease, particularly in cancer and neurological disorders.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826077

RESUMO

The widespread usage of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) has led to their ubiquitous co-existence with hydrocarbon surfactants in the subsurface environment. In this study, column experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of an anionic hydrocarbon surfactant (sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate, SDBS, 1 and 10 mg/L) on the transport of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in two saturated natural soils under different cation type (Na+ and Ca2+) conditions. Results showed that SDBS (10 mg/L) significantly enhanced the transport of PFOA in two soils. This was likely because SDBS had a stronger adsorption affinity to the soils than PFOA, and can outcompete PFOA for the finite adsorption sites on the soil surface. The effect of SDBS on PFOA transport varied greatly in the two soils. More negatively charged soil surface and greater soil particle size likely contributed to the more noticeable transport-enhancement of PFOA resulting from the presence of SDBS. Also, the enhancement effect of SDBS (10 mg/L) with Ca2+ on PFOA transport was more significantly than that with Na+. This was possibly due to the blocking effect of SDBS to the more positively charged soil surface induced by Ca2+. Findings of this study point out the importance of anionic hydrocarbon surfactants on PFOA transport when assessing its environmental risks and implementing remediation efforts.

6.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6924, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836971

RESUMO

Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a pediatric malignancy of skeletal muscle lineage. The aggressive alveolar subtype is characterized by t(2;13) or t(1;13) translocations encoding for PAX3- or PAX7-FOXO1 chimeric transcription factors, respectively, and are referred to as fusion positive RMS (FP-RMS). The fusion gene alters the myogenic program and maintains the proliferative state while blocking terminal differentiation. Here, we investigated the contributions of chromatin regulatory complexes to FP-RMS tumor maintenance. We define the mSWI/SNF functional repertoire in FP-RMS. We find that SMARCA4 (encoding BRG1) is overexpressed in this malignancy compared to skeletal muscle and is essential for cell proliferation. Proteomic studies suggest proximity between PAX3-FOXO1 and BAF complexes, which is further supported by genome-wide binding profiles revealing enhancer colocalization of BAF with core regulatory transcription factors. Further, mSWI/SNF complexes localize to sites of de novo histone acetylation. Phenotypically, interference with mSWI/SNF complex function induces transcriptional activation of the skeletal muscle differentiation program associated with MYCN enhancer invasion at myogenic target genes, which is recapitulated by BRG1 targeting compounds. We conclude that inhibition of BRG1 overcomes the differentiation blockade of FP-RMS cells and may provide a therapeutic strategy for this lethal childhood tumor.

7.
Nature ; 600(7888): 314-318, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819664

RESUMO

Thermogenesis in brown and beige adipose tissue has important roles in maintaining body temperature and countering the development of metabolic disorders such as obesity and type 2 diabetes1,2. Although much is known about commitment and activation of brown and beige adipose tissue, its multiple and abundant immunological factors have not been well characterized3-6. Here we define a critical role of IL-27-IL-27Rα signalling in improving thermogenesis, protecting against diet-induced obesity and ameliorating insulin resistance. Mechanistic studies demonstrate that IL-27 directly targets adipocytes, activating p38 MAPK-PGC-1α signalling and stimulating the production of UCP1. Notably, therapeutic administration of IL-27 ameliorated metabolic morbidities in well-established mouse models of obesity. Consistently, individuals with obesity show significantly decreased levels of serum IL-27, which can be restored after bariatric surgery. Collectively, these findings show that IL-27 has an important role in orchestrating metabolic programs, and is a highly promising target for anti-obesity immunotherapy.

9.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 561, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: AP2/ERF transcription factors (TFs) constitute one of the largest TF families in plants, which play crucial roles in plant metabolism, growth, and development as well as biotic and abiotic stresses responses. Although the AP2/ERF family has been thoroughly identified in many plant species and several AP2/ERF TFs have been functionally characterized, little is known about this family in ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), an important affinal drug and diet vegetable. Recent completion of the ginger genome sequencing provides an opportunity to investigate the expression profiles of AP2/ERF genes in ginger on a genome-wide basis. RESULTS: A total of 163 AP2/ERF genes were obtained in the Z.officinale genome and renamed according to the chromosomal distribution of the ZoAP2/ERF genes. Phylogenetic analysis divided them into three subfamilies, of which 35 belonged to the AP2 subfamily, 120 to ERF, three to RAV, and five to Sololist, respectively, which is in accordance with the number of conserved domains and gene structure analysis. A total of 10 motifs were detected in ZoAP2/ERF genes, and some of the unique motifs were found to be important for the function of ZoAP2/ERF genes. The chromosomal localization, gene structure, and conserved protein motif analyses, as well as the characterization of gene duplication events provided deep insight into the evolutionary features of these ZoAP2/ERF genes. The expression profiles derived from the RNA-seq data and quantitative reserve transcription (qRT-PCR) analysis of ZoAP2/ERFs during development and responses to abiotic stresses were investigated in ginger. CONCLUSION: A comprehensive analysis of the AP2/ERF gene expression patterns in various tissues by RNA-seq and qRT-PCR showed that they played an important role in the growth and development of ginger, and genes that might regulate rhizome and flower development were preliminary identified. In additionally, the ZoAP2/ERF family genes that responded to abiotic stresses were also identified. This study is the first time to identify the ZoAP2/ERF family, which contributes to research on evolutionary characteristics and better understanding the molecular basis for development and abiotic stress response, as well as further functional characterization of ZoAP2/ERF genes with an aim of ginger crop improvement.

10.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757733

RESUMO

With the development of technology, adjuvant immunotherapy has become a promising strategy for prevention of postoperative tumor regression and metastasis by stimulating the host immune response. However, the therapeutic effects are still unsatisfactory due to the lack of synergy between different methods. In this study, an efficient synergistic immunotherapy system based on injectable sodium alginate hydrogels was designed to inhibit in situ recurrence and metastasis at the same time. On the one hand, an injectable sodium alginate (SA) hydrogel microsystem loaded with toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists (CpG ODNs) was synthesized for inhibiting in situ recurrence, and then carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) probe was also added to detect CEA based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technology to monitor the occurrence and development of tumor recurrence. On the other hand, an anti-programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 antibody (anti-PD-L1)-modified SA nanogel loaded with indocyanine green (ICG@SA-anti-PD-L1 nanogel) was prepared for diagnosing and inhibiting lung metastasis by assisting orthotopic tumor therapy. In vitro and in vivo results demonstrated that this SA micro/nanosystem could monitor and inhibit postoperative recurrence and metastasis. We hope that this micro/nano-synergistic system will become an effective strategy for postoperative adjuvant immunotherapy.

11.
J Microbiol Methods ; : 106380, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813868

RESUMO

In this study, we found that it is possible to screen Lactobacillus strains that enhance the immune function of mice using HCT-8 cells. Lactobacillus were co-incubated with intestinal epithelial HCT-8 cells to detect and screen the strains that induced more interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the culture supernatant. Simultaneously, a mouse model of low immunity was established to administer the screened lactobacilli by gavage. After 4 weeks of continuous gavage, related cytokines in blood and immune cell indexes in organs were detected to comprehensively evaluate the feasibility of in vitro cell culture model for screening immune-enhancing strains. The content of IL-6 in the culture supernatant of HCT-8 cells induced by the three tested strains increased approximately 5, 8 and 15 fold compared with that of the control group. IL-6 content in serum of mice was significantly higher than that of the control group provided with cyclophosphamide (CTX). Lactobacillus paracasei ZLPC01 presented a higher ability to protect against the immune damage of CTX by decreasing the serum IgG level, increasing the transformation of mouse splenocytes, and the activity of NK cells. Furthermore, L. paracasei ZLPC01 increased cytokine content in serum (IL-6, IL-2, TNF-α and IFN-γ) and colon (IL-6 and TNF-α) in CTX-treated mice. Screening strains that enhance immunity via an in vitro cell-line is simple in operation, and the results are well correlated with those of animal experiments, which is feasible and effective in practice. In addition, L. paracasei ZLPC01 could have the potential to enhance the immunity of mice effectively through inducing intestinal cells to produce L-6, TNF-α and other cytokines.

12.
Food Funct ; 12(19): 9416-9431, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606558

RESUMO

Sonneratia apetala seeds are considered as prospective nutraceuticals with a high content of unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) which are mainly distributed in the oil. It is well-known that UFAs could exhibit urate-lowering potency and protect against renal injury, indicating that S. apetala seed oil (SSO) may possess hypouricemic and nephroprotective effects. Consequently, the present work attempted to probe into the effects and mechanisms of SSO on potassium oxonate/hypoxanthine-induced hyperuricemia and associated renal injury. The results indicated that SSO treatment prominently inhibited the increase of serum uric acid (UA), creatinine (CRE), and urea nitrogen (BUN) levels and hepatic xanthine oxidase (XOD) activity in hyperuricemia mice. Kidney indexes and histopathological lesions were also remarkably ameliorated. Additionally, SSO treatment improved the renal anti-oxidant status in hyperuricemia mice by significantly reversing the increase in ROS and MDA levels as well as the decline in SOD, CAT and GSH-Px activities. SSO dramatically downregulated the expression and secretion of pro-inflammatory factors involving MCP-1, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-18 and TNF-α elicited by hyperuricemia. Furthermore, after SSO treatment, increased protein expressions of GLUT9, URAT1 and OAT1 in the hyperuricemia mice were obviously reversed. SSO treatment enormously restored Nrf2 activation and subsequent translation of related anti-oxidative enzymes in the kidneys. TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome activation was also obviously suppressed by SSO. In conclusion, SSO exerted favorable hypouricemic effects owing to its dual functions of downregulating the XOD activity and modulating the expressions of renal urate transport-associated proteins, and it also could alleviate hyperuricemia-induced renal injury by restoring the Keap1-Nrf2 pathway and blocking the TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

13.
Exp Dermatol ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665886

RESUMO

Keloid is considered as a tumor-like skin disease with multiple aetiologies including immunological factors and mechanical microenvironment. Macrophages are plastic and diverse immune cells that play a critical role in maintaining tissue homeostasis by removing dead cells, debris, pathogens and repairing tissues after inflammation. The imbalance of M1/M2 macrophages and disturbances in macrophage functions can steer the progression of chronic inflammation and lead to the development of pathological fibrosis in keloid disease. Recently, it has been shown that macrophages are sensitive to mechanical signals, especially stretching tension and tissue stiffness, which can determine macrophage polarization and functions. Higher stretching tension is known to be an important pathogenic factor of keloid, and the formation of keloid will lead to an increase in tissue stiffness. As little is known about the underlying reasons of macrophages dysfunction in keloid, an understanding of how the mechanical microenvironment interacting with macrophages and affecting their behaviours may help provide mechanism insights into keloid pathogenesis. We thus hypothesize that the synergistic effect of stretching tension and matrix stiffness may contribute to the major pathophysiological niche attributes of macrophages' in vivo mechanical microenvironment in keloids. These mechanism insights of how macrophages sense and respond to their mechanical microenvironment would propel the development of novel strategies for keloid treatment.

14.
Ir J Med Sci ; 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652723

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the expression level of lncRNA myocardial infarction associated transcript (MIAT) in serum of pregnant women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) and its clinical significance. METHODS: A total of 135 pregnant women with HDP were selected, including 69 pregnant women with gestational hypertension (GH) and 66 pregnant women with preeclampsia (PE). Sixty-eight normal pregnant women were selected as healthy control group (HC). The expression level of serum MIAT of all subjects was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and the diagnostic value of MIAT for GH was evaluated by constructing receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between MIAT and patients' clinical indicators. Logistics regression analysis evaluated the influencing factors of GH development into PE. RESULTS: The level of MIAT in GH group was significantly higher than that in HC group, while MIAT level in PE group was more significantly upregulated than that in GH group and HC group. ROC curve showed that MIAT had the ability to distinguish between GH patients and healthy controls. Pearson correlation coefficient suggested that HOTAIR expression was positively correlated with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DPB). Logistic regression analysis showed that MIAT was an independent influencing factor for the development of GH to PE. CONCLUSION: The expression of MIAT in serum of HDP patients was increased and positively correlated with the severity of the disease. The abnormal expression of MIAT has certain diagnostic value for GH.

15.
Brachytherapy ; 20(6): 1172-1179, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588145

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical value of transrectal ultrasound in judging the Gross Target Volume (GTV) of cervical cancer (CC). METHODS: A total of 196 CC patients admitted to the Department of Radiotherapy, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University, from January 2016 to June 2019 were selected as the study subjects. The GTVs before and after applicator insertion were determined by transrectal ultrasound and compared with those judged by MRI. RESULTS: All 196 patients were successfully undergoing applicator insertion according to the pretreatment plan. The GTV doses reached the clinical requirements during treatment. There was no significant difference between the GTVs judged by MRI and ultrasound before insertion in terms of upper/lower diameter (MRI Before 1 vs. Ultrasound Before 1) (MB1 vs. UB1), left/right diameter (MB2 vs. UB2), or ventral/dorsal diameter (MB3 vs. UB3), and the intragroup correlation coefficients (ICC) were 0.59, 0.77, and 0.66, respectively; moreover, there was no significant difference between the GTVs judged by MRI and ultrasound after insertion in terms of MRI After one vs. Ultrasound After one (MA1 vs. UA1), MA2 vs. UA2, and MA3 vs. UA3, and the ICC values were 0.62, 0.79, and 0.76, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Transrectal ultrasound can satisfactorily determine the GTV of CC and has certain value in brachytherapy for CC.

16.
J Med Chem ; 64(21): 15639-15650, 2021 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590489

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is rising steadily in incidence, and more effective methods are needed for early detection and image-guided surgery. Glypican-3 (GPC3) is a cell surface biomarker that is overexpressed in early-stage cancer but not in cirrhosis. An IRDye800-labeled 12-mer amino acid sequence was identified, and specific binding to GPC3 was validated in vitro and in orthotopically implanted HCC tumors in vivo. Over 4-fold greater binding affinity and 2-fold faster kinetics were measured by comparison with previous GPC3 peptides. Photoacoustic images showed peak tumor uptake at 1.5 h post-injection and clearance within ∼24 h. Laparoscopic and whole-body fluorescence images showed strong intensity from tumor versus adjacent liver with about a 2-fold increase. Immunofluorescence staining of human liver specimens demonstrated specific binding to HCC versus cirrhosis with 79% sensitivity and 79% specificity, and normal liver with 81% sensitivity and 84% specificity. The near-infrared peptide is promising for early HCC detection in clinical trials.

17.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 4169-4180, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483675

RESUMO

Purpose: Recent studies have confirmed the important role of chronic inflammation in keloid; however, mechanism of chronic inflammation in keloid tissue remains largely unclear, especially the dynamic of infiltrated inflammatory cells. Patients and Methods: Tissue and blood samples collected from keloid patients and healthy subjects were studied by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. Fibroblasts from keloid scars and normal skin were isolated by enzymic digestion. Results: We found that CXCL12 expression was elevated which was correlated with decreased dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) expression in keloid scars relative to mature scars. In vitro studies suggested that autocrine transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß1) in keloid-derived fibroblasts negatively regulated DPP4 expression which inhibited the reduction of extracellular CXCL12 levels by DPP4. Furthermore, immunofluorescence showed that most fibroblasts in keloid scars were DPP4lowTGFß1high compared with DPP4highTGFß1low fibroblasts in normal skin tissue, which facilitated extracellular CXCL12 accumulation in fibroblasts in keloid scars. Furthermore, we found that most circulating leukocytes in peripheral blood and tissue-infiltrated inflammatory cells in keloid scars expressed the C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) instead of CXCR7, indicating that the chemotaxis driven by CXCL12 is likely to be mediated mainly by CXCR4. Conclusion: Our study indicated that the TGF-ß/DPP4/CXCL12 axis may contribute to chronic inflammation in keloid scars by recruiting inflammatory cells through the CXCR4 receptor.

18.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 698219, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483901

RESUMO

Sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham., an exotic mangrove species with antidiabetic, antibacterial, and antioxidant capacities, mainly distributes in the southeast coastal areas in China. The present work investigated the protective effects of Sonneratia apetala leaves and branches extraction (SAL) on hyperuricemia (HUA) in mice. Potassium oxonate (PO) and hypoxanthine (HX) were used to establish the HUA model by challenge for consecutive 7 days. Results revealed that SAL inhibited the increases in kidney weight and index compared to the vehicle group. Meanwhile, SAL significantly decreased the levels of uric acid (UA), creatinine (CRE), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in serum. Additionally, SAL inhibited the activity of xanthine oxidase (XOD) in the liver. SAL ameliorated PO- and HX-induced histopathological changes. Moreover, it regulated oxidative stress markers including malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and glutathione (GSH) content. Also, SAL inhibited the increases in renal levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-18 (IL-18), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), and transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß). SAL remarkably reduced suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3), Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), and subsequent phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) expression. In addition, SAL inhibited the activation of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) in the kidney. Furthermore, SAL protected against HUA by regulating renal UA transporters of organic anion transporter (OAT1), urate reabsorption transporter 1 (URAT1), and glucose transporter 9 (GLUT9). These findings suggested that SAL ameliorated HUA by inhibiting the production of uric acid and enhancing renal urate excretion, which are related to oxidative stress and inflammation, and the possible molecular mechanisms include its ability to inhibit the JAK/STAT signaling pathway. Thus, SAL might be developed into a promising agent for HUA treatments.

19.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 6591035, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484323

RESUMO

Hand gesture recognition based on surface electromyography (sEMG) plays an important role in the field of biomedical and rehabilitation engineering. Recently, there is a remarkable progress in gesture recognition using high-density surface electromyography (HD-sEMG) recorded by sensor arrays. On the other hand, robust gesture recognition using multichannel sEMG recorded by sparsely placed sensors remains a major challenge. In the context of multiview deep learning, this paper presents a hierarchical view pooling network (HVPN) framework, which improves multichannel sEMG-based gesture recognition by learning not only view-specific deep features but also view-shared deep features from hierarchically pooled multiview feature spaces. Extensive intrasubject and intersubject evaluations were conducted on the large-scale noninvasive adaptive prosthetics (NinaPro) database to comprehensively evaluate our proposed HVPN framework. Results showed that when using 200 ms sliding windows to segment data, the proposed HVPN framework could achieve the intrasubject gesture recognition accuracy of 88.4%, 85.8%, 68.2%, 72.9%, and 90.3% and the intersubject gesture recognition accuracy of 84.9%, 82.0%, 65.6%, 70.2%, and 88.9% on the first five subdatabases of NinaPro, respectively, which outperformed the state-of-the-art methods.


Assuntos
Gestos , Reconhecimento Psicológico , Algoritmos , Eletromiografia , Mãos
20.
Lasers Surg Med ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various laser therapies have been introduced in scar management. However, pain during treatment has limited the application of laser therapy in pediatrics. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the use of the low-energy mode of a carbon dioxide (CO2 ) laser improves hypertrophic scars in a pediatric population. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, split-scar trial was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of low-energy CO2 laser use. Patients aged <12 years with hypertrophic scars were enrolled. Each hypertrophic scar was equally divided into three parts: the two ends of each scar were randomly assigned to control and experimental groups, and the center portion was considered a transition zone and was not included in the analysis. A total of three laser treatments were performed at 1-month intervals. Scar scale scores 6 months after the final treatment was the primary outcome. Additionally, the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was used to evaluate pain after each treatment. RESULTS: Of the 23 patients enrolled, 20 completed the study. The total Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS) score at the 6-month follow-up was significantly lower for the treated site (44.95 for the treated group vs. 64.85 for the control group, p < 0.0001). Both the patient and observer POSAS scores showed an obvious difference between the treated and control groups (19.95 vs. 29.95 for patient scores, respectively, p < 0.0001, and 26.00 vs. 34.90 for observer scores, respectively, p < 0.0001). All observer and patient scores describing pain, pruritus, color, stiffness, and thickness were statistically different and favored the treated site. No significant difference was found in patient score of irregularity. The average VAS therapeutic pain score was 3.5 ± 1.43 out of 10. CONCLUSIONS: Low-energy CO2 fractional laser therapy improved hypertrophic scars in a pediatric population. Therefore, for children with hypertrophic scar, low-energy CO2 laser with less procedure pain may be more appropriate.

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