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1.
Water Res ; 175: 115685, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172055

RESUMO

Understanding subsurface transport of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) is of critical importance for the benign use and risk management of PFASs. As one of the most commonly found PFASs, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is used as a representative PFAS and water-saturated column experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of Al/Fe oxyhydroxide coating and ionic strength on its transport at an environmentally relevant PFOA concentration (6.8 µg L-1). Our results showed a clear increase in PFOA retardation in Al/Fe oxyhydroxide coated sand (retardation factor: Al: 1.87-5.58, Fe: 1.28-4.05) than those in uncoated sand (1.00-1.05), due to the stronger electrostatic attraction between anionic PFOA and Al/Fe oxyhydroxide coated sand surface. Notably, Al oxyhydroxide have a more profound effect on PFOA retention and retardation than Fe oxyhydroxide. Besides, higher ionic strength significantly inhabited PFOA retention and retardation in positively charged sand, and the considerable retention of PFOA (∼90%) in deionized water than those in 1.5 mM and 30.0 mM NaCl (<10%) clearly proves the role of competitive adsorption of Cl- on PFOA transport in positively charged sand. In contrast, higher ionic strength (0 mM-30 mM NaCl) slightly increased PFOA retardation in negatively charged sand, illustrating the dominance of electrostatic interaction. Our findings advance current knowledge to understand PFOA transport in natural media with different surface charge property under environmental PFOA concentrations.

2.
Int J Mol Med ; 45(4): 1213-1224, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32124932

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer­associated mortality worldwide. Cisplatin (DDP) is a first­line chemotherapeutic drug for the treatment of lung cancer; however, the majority of patients develop resistance to DDP. P­glycoprotein (P­gp), also referred to as multidrug resistance (MDR) protein 1, is associated with an MDR phenotype, which results in failure of cancer chemotherapy; thus, identifying effective MDR pump inhibitors may improve the outcomes of patients who develop resistance to treatment. Hesperetin is a derivative of hesperidin, which is extracted from tangerine peel and exhibits multiple antitumor properties. In the present study, human lung adenocarcinoma A549 and A549/DDP cells were treated with different concentrations of hesperetin and DDP, respectively. Furthermore, rhodamine 123 efflux assays, Cell Counting Kit­8 assays, immunofluorescence, reverse transcription­quantitative PCR and western blot analysis were used to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the effects of hesperetin On A549/DDP cells. Additionally, a xenograft model of lung cancer in nude mice was established to explore the effects of hesperetin on A549/DDP cell growth in vivo. The results demonstrated that hesperetin sensitized A549/DDP cells to DDP. In vivo, hesperetin pretreatment significantly inhibited tumor growth. Mechanistically, hesperetin markedly decreased the expression of P­gp and increased the intracellular accumulation of the P­gp substrate, rhodamine 123, in A549/DDP cells. In addition, pretreatment of A549/DDP cells with hesperetin significantly inhibited nuclear factor (NF)­κB (p65) activity and its nuclear translocation. Taken together, the results of the present study suggest that hesperetin reversed P­gp­mediated MDR by decreasing P­gp expression in A549/DDP cells, which was associated with inhibition of the NF­κB signaling pathway. These findings may provide the basis for the use of hesperetin clinically to reverse MDR.

3.
J Mater Chem B ; 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32215436

RESUMO

Correction for 'An NIR-responsive mesoporous silica nanosystem for synergetic photothermal-immunoenhancement therapy of hepatocellular carcinoma' by Han Yang et al., J. Mater. Chem. B, 2020, 8, 251-259.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081421

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) plays an important role in pain and inflammatory responses. Previous studies have shown that the expression of TRPV1 increases in the sensory neurons of the esophagus during the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease and esophagitis, but the response of TRPV1 in esophageal epithelial cells (EECs), which directly confront the refluxed acid, is still unknown. Here, we found that acid reflux triggered esophageal damage, which was accompanied by increased expression of TRPV1 in EECs and TRPV1 channel activity in these cells. Furthermore, menthol inhibited the Ca2+ influx induced by acid stimulation in EECs. After menthol treatment, the expression of TRPV1 in EECs was significantly reduced, and their hyperplasia was significantly reduced; finally, the inflammation pathway elicited in EECs was diminished in mice with acid reflux. These results suggest that menthol improves the clinical symptoms caused by gastroesophageal acid reflux by interfering with TRPV1 in EECs.

6.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1104: 140-146, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32106945

RESUMO

Blood glucose measurement plays a very important role in clinical diagnosis and fluorescence analysis has attracted extensive attention. A novel ratiometric fluorescent system with aggregation induced emission (AIE) property for the detection of glucose was established in this work. In this system, bovine serum albumin-stabilized Au nanoclusters (BSA-AuNCs) served both as the fluorescent detection probe and the AIE inducer. An AIE molecule, named sodium 1,2-bis [4-(3-sulfonatopropoxyl) phenyl]-1,2-diphenylethene (BSPOTPE), served as fluorescent reference probe. In the presence of H2O2, the fluorescence intensity of BSPOTPE/BSA-Au NCs at 680 nm progressively decreased while that at 490 nm remained constant. Glucose can be catalyzed by glucose oxidase (GOx) and produces H2O2. Therefore, glucose detection can be conveniently achieved by the proposed strategy. The fluorescence intensity change ratio increased linearly with the glucose concentration in the range 1-8 mM. Moreover, the proposed method exhibits a consecutive fluorescence color change ("from red to cyan") to glucose concentration in the range of 1-8 mM under a 365 nm UV lamp and exhibits bright "red" or bright "cyan" in lower glucose concentrations (lower than 3 mM) or high glucose concentrations (higher than 7 mM), respectively. The work offers an ideal rapid clinical diagnostic method for both normal and abnormal blood glucose screening.

7.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107468

RESUMO

Melatonin receptors (MTs) are potential drug targets for stroke therapy. Ramelteon is a selective melatonin receptor agonist used to treat insomnia. In this study we investigated whether ramelteon could attenuate cerebral ischemia in mice. Acute focal cerebral ischemia was induced in mice via middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). We found oral administration of ramelteon (3.0 mg/kg) significantly attenuated ischemic injury even when it was given 4 h after the onset of ischemia. We showed that administration of ramelteon (3.0 mg/kg) displayed comparable protective efficacy and length of effective time window as administration of edaravone (10 mg/kg, i.p.), which was used in clinic to treat ischemic stroke. Chronic ischemic brain injury was induced in mice using photothrombosis. Oral administration of ramelteon (3.0 mg · kg-1 · d-1) for 7 days after ischemia significantly attenuated functional deficits for at least 15 days. The neuroprotection of ramelteon was blocked by 4-P-PDOT, a specific MT antagonist. We further revealed that ramelteon significantly inhibited autophagy in the peri-infarct cortex in both the mouse ischemia models via regulating AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway. Intracerebroventricular injection of rapamycin, an autophagy activator, compromised the neuroprotection of ramelteon, suggesting ramelteon might attenuate ischemic injury by counteracting autophagic cell death. These data demonstrate for the first time the potential benefits of ramelteon in the treatment of both acute and chronic ischemic brain injury and provide the rationale for the application of ramelteon in stroke therapy.

8.
Clin Chim Acta ; 503: 113-121, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940466

RESUMO

Bladder cancer (BC) is the ninth most common malignant disease and ranks fourteenth in cancer mortality worldwide. Moreover, among cancers, the incidence and mortality of BC in males increased to the 6th and 9th place, respectively. The overall survival (OS) declines dramatically as the cancer progresses, especially when urothelial cells transition from noninvasive to invasive. It is well known that epithelial cells can acquire invasive properties and a propensity to metastasize through the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in tumourigenesis and progression. However, the potential molecular mechanisms and key pathways are still unclear. As the sequencing technology advances, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proven to play an important role in regulating biological processes and cellular pathways. Here, we reviewed important lncRNAs, such as H19, UCA1 and MALAT1, that participate in the malignant phenotype of BC and regulate EMT signalling networks in the invasion-metastasis cascade during BC development. We further discuss MALAT1, PCAT-1 and SPRY4-IT1, and also urine and blood exosomal H19 and PTENP as potential noninvasive biomarkers. Moreover, antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) and a double-stranded DNA plasmid (BC-819) have been designed for use in preclinical cancer models and clinical trials in patients. Therefore, the results of investigations have gradually prompted the utility of lncRNAs.

9.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227560, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918435

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies found inconsistent results on the relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and concentrations of 24-hour (24-h) urinary cortisol. This study performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize previous findings on this relationship. METHODS: We searched in the databases of Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, and Psyc-ARTICLES for articles published before September 2018. We used the random-effects model with restricted maximum-likelihood estimator to synthesize the effect sizes by calculating the standardized mean difference (SMD) and assessing its significance. RESULTS: Six hundred and nineteen articles were identified from the preceding databases and 20 of them were included in the meta-analysis. Lower concentrations of 24-h urinary cortisol were observed in patients with PTSD when compared with the controls (SMD = -0.49, 95%CI [-0.91; -0.07], p = 0.02). Subgroup analysis revealed that the concentrations of 24-h urinary cortisol were lower in PTSD patients than in the controls for studies that included female participants or studies that included participants from the United States of America. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, decreased levels of 24-h urinary cortisol were linked with the pathophysiology of PTSD. Nonetheless, more studies should be conducted to validate the molecular underpinnings of urine cortisol degeneration in PTSD.

10.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 11(1): e00089, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Conventional colonoscopy with white light illumination detects colonic adenomas based on structural changes alone and is limited by a high miss rate. We aim to demonstrate an integrated imaging strategy that combines wide-field endoscopy and confocal endomicroscopy in real time to visualize molecular expression patterns in vivo to detect premalignant colonic mucosa. METHODS: A peptide specific for claudin-1 is labeled with Cy5.5 and administrated intravenously in genetically engineered mice that develop adenomas spontaneously in the distal colon. Wide-field endoscopy is used to identify the presence of nonpolypoid and polypoid adenomas. Anatomic landmarks are used to guide placement of a confocal endomicroscope with side-view optics to visualize claudin-1 expression patterns with subcellular resolution. RESULTS: Wide-field fluorescence images show peak uptake in colon adenoma at ∼1 hour after systemic peptide administration, and lesion margins are clearly defined. Further examination of the lesion using a confocal endomicroscope shows dysplastic crypts with large size, elongated shape, distorted architecture, and variable dimension compared with normal. The mean fluorescence intensity is significantly higher for dysplasia than normal. Increased claudin-1 expression in dysplasia vs normal is confirmed ex vivo, and the binding pattern is consistent with the in vivo imaging results. DISCUSSION: Wide-field endoscopy can visualize molecular expression of claudin-1 in vivo to localize premalignant colonic mucosa, and confocal endomicroscopy can identify subcellular feature to distinguish dysplasia from normal.

11.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(2): 251-259, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799596

RESUMO

To create a more precise, efficient imaging and therapeutic strategy is a big challenge for the current treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Photothermal therapy (PTT) has attracted enormous attention due to its non-invasive property and precise spatial and temporal control. Here, we developed a strategy to realize superior imaging performance and treatment, utilizing an indocyanine green (ICG) and sorafenib (S) co-loaded mesoporous silica nanosystem for synergetic PTT/immuno-enhanced therapy. We proved that (ICG+S)@mSiO2 could be easily endocytosed by H22 cells, carried out outstanding real-time fluorescence imaging, and enhanced cytotoxicity abilities by near-infrared radiation (NIR) in vitro. Moreover, (ICG+S)@mSiO2 also had excellent fluorescence imaging ability, displayed a remarkable photothermal tumor killing effect and immune enhancement capability under 808 nm irradiation in an H22 tumor-bearing mice model, without apparent adverse effects in other organs. This study provides a new strategy for the development of a PTT/immuno-enhanced synergistic theranostic nanosystem of HCC.

12.
Cell Signal ; 66: 109467, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715260

RESUMO

The activation of corticotrophin-releasing hormone receptor (CRHR) 1 is implicated in neuronal injury in experimental stroke. However, little is known about the relationship between CRHR1 activation and brain endothelial barrier impairment after ischemia and reperfusion (I/R). Recently we have demonstrated that the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) 1/2 as well as p38 is required for hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-increased cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) phosphorylation in bEnd3 cells. Using this in vitro ischemic-like model, we found that both blockade and interference of CRHR1 inhibited H2O2-enhancd p38, Erk1/2 and cPLA2 phosphorylation and in turn suppressed monolayer hyperpermeability and ZO-1 redistribution. Then using the transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) mouse model, we revealed that CRHR1 antagonist NBI27914 pretreatment attenuated cPLA2 phosphorylation, Evans blue dye (EBD) extravasation, tight junction disruption and mitochondrial cytochrome c release. CRHR1 interference also inhibited cortical vascular hyperpermeability. Furthermore, NBI27914 administration attenuated neurovascular injury. After 30 min MCAO with 7 days reperfusion CRHR1 interference alleviated hippocampal blood-brain barrier (BBB) leakage and improved spatial cognitive dysfunction. Thus, our study demonstrates that during ischemic stroke the activation of endothelial CRHR1 contributes to BBB impairment via cPLA2 phosphorylation.

13.
Acta Biomater ; 102: 367-383, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778831

RESUMO

Effective accumulation of nanoparticles (NPs) in tumor regions is one of the major motivations in nanotechnology research and that the establishment of an efficient targeting nanoplatform for the treatment of malignant tumors is urgently needed for theranostic applications. In this study, we engineered multifunctional sequential targeting NPs for achieving synergistic antiangiogenic photothermal therapy (PTT) and multimodal imaging-guided diagnosis for anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) theranostics. Antibody bevacizumab with an affinity towards vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on the tumor cell surface was conjugated onto the surface of polymer NPs for VEGF targeting and antiangiogenic therapy. Encapsulated IR825 was employed as a photothermal agent (PTA) with a mitochondrial targeting capability, which further cascades NPs into mitochondria to enhance hyperthermic efficiency in the ablation of tumor cells. Importantly, the combination of bevacizumab and IR825 in a single nanosystem achieved desirable accumulations of NPs and that sequential targeted PTT combined with antiangiogenesis significantly promoted the therapeutic efficiency in eradicating tumors by near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation. Furthermore, these NPs are extraordinary contrast agents for photoacoustic, ultrasound and fluorescence imaging applications, providing multimodal imaging capabilities for therapeutic monitoring and a precise diagnosis. Therefore, this multifunctional nanoplatform provides a promising theranostic strategy for extremely malignant ATC. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC), with extremely aggressive behavior, lacks a satisfactory therapeutic method and a comprehensive early diagnostic strategy. Herein, we successfully synthesized a sequential targeting nanoplatform (IR825@Bev-PLGA-PFP NPs) with theranostic function, which specifically binds to VEGF on the tumor cell surface and further cascades into mitochondria to achieve effective accumulation of NPs in the tumor regions. As a result, it solves the urgent demand for ATC detection and therapy. By breaking the limitation of traditional target, such as low efficacy and frequent recurrence as the results of low accumulation, sequential targeting combined with synergistic antiangiogenic PTT completely eradicates tumors without any residual tissue and side effect. Therefore, this strategy paves a solid way for further investigation in the theranostic progressing of ATC.

14.
Photochem Photobiol ; 96(1): 124-138, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483870

RESUMO

Herbal extracts including asiatic acid (AA) have become popular candidates of anti-photoaging agents due to their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and minimal side effect. Nevertheless, low bioavailability due to poor solubility limits their practical application. In this study, a highly bioavailable form of AA called AAGS (compounded by asiatic acid and glucosamine) was investigated for its anti-photoaging effect using both in vitro and in vivo models along with UVB irradiation. The results showed that AAGS alleviated UVB-induced cell proliferation inhibition by reducing G2 phase arrest and cell apoptosis rate as well as the gene expressions of P53, BAX, CASPASE 3 and CASPASE 9, but enhancing BCL-2 expression. It also reduced the production of reactive oxygen species along with increased gene expression of GPX-1 and downregulated the gene expression of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-17 and TNF-α compared to nontreated cells. In vivo results demonstrated the antiphotodamaging effects by restoring skin thickness, collagen content and reducing MMPs expression, which are also supported by reduced MMPs gene expression and enhanced collagen I and TGF-ß1 gene expression in vitro. Thus, AAGS may become a potential anti-photoaging agent for topical use due to its capability of self-assembling into a water gel.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 707: 136065, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865085

RESUMO

Nanoplastics as emerging pollutants have caused growing concerns and posed potential threats to the environment. Nonetheless, only few studies investigated transport behaviors of nanoplastics in natural soils. In this study, column experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of soil properties, ionic strength and cation type on the transport of polystyrene nanoplastics (PSNPs) in a desert soil (DS), a black soil (BS) and a red soil (RS). The effluent recovery of PSNPs in three soils followed the order of DS (0%-96.8%) > BS (0%-87.5%) > RS (0%). The retention of PSNPs was positively correlated with Fe/Al oxides contents (DS: Fe-2.69%, Al-12.6%; BS: Fe-4.04%, Al-15.9%; RS: Fe-6.57%, Al-26.9%), whereas negatively correlated with soil pH (DS: 9.75; BS: 6.57; RS: 4.97). Soil minerals and pH were thus identified as the crucial soil properties determining transport of PSNPs, due to their coupled effects on surface charges to affect electrostatic interactions between soils and PSNPs. In addition, increasing solution ionic strength strongly inhibited the transport of PSNPs in the DS (0%-96.8%) and BS (0%-87.5%). Ca2+ (IS: 1-5 mM) was more pronounced in enhancing PSNP retention than Na+ (IS: 1-20 mM). Our findings highlight that the transport and fate of PSNPs in natural soils are highly sensitive to soil physicochemical properties, ionic strength and cation type, and reveal that nanoplastics have strong mobility ability in soils with high pH and low Fe/Al oxides contents, which may pose potential risks to the soil and groundwater environment.

16.
Virology ; 539: 38-48, 2020 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670218

RESUMO

Ionic calcium (Ca2+) is a versatile intracellular second messenger that plays important roles in cellular physiological and pathological processes. Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is an emerging enteropathogenic coronavirus that causes serious vomiting and diarrhea in suckling piglets. In this study, the role of Ca2+ to PDCoV infection was investigated. PDCoV infection was found to upregulate intracellular Ca2+ concentrations of IPI-2I cells. Chelating extracellular Ca2+ by EGTA inhibited PDCoV replication, and this inhibitory effect was overcome by replenishment with CaCl2. Treatment with Ca2+ channel blockers, particularly the L-type Ca2+ channel blocker diltiazem hydrochloride, inhibited PDCoV infection significantly. Mechanistically, diltiazem hydrochloride reduces PDCoV infection by inhibiting the replication step of the viral replication cycle. Additionally, knockdown of CACNA1S, the L-type Ca2+ voltage-gated channel subunit, inhibited PDCoV replication. The combined results demonstrate that PDCoV modulates calcium influx to favor its replication.


Assuntos
Cálcio/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Coronavirus/fisiologia , Doenças dos Suínos/metabolismo , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Replicação Viral , Animais , Sinalização do Cálcio , Suínos , Porco Miniatura
17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17917, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784601

RESUMO

White light colonoscopy is widely used to detect colorectal polyps, but flat and depressed lesions are often missed. Here, we report a molecular imaging strategy to potentially improve diagnostic performance by developing a fluorescently-labeled peptide specific for cMet. This 7mer is conjugated to Cy5.5, a near-infrared (NIR) cyanine dye. Specific binding to cMet was confirmed by cell staining, knockdown, and competition assays. The probe showed high binding affinity (kd = 57 nM) and fast onset (k = 1.6 min) to support topical administration in vivo. A mouse model (CPC;Apc) that develops spontaneous adenomas that overexpress cMet was used to demonstrate feasibility for real time in vivo imaging. This targeting ligand showed significantly higher target-to-background (T/B) ratio for polypoid and non-polypoid lesions by comparison with a scrambled control peptide. Immunofluorescence staining on human colon specimens show significantly greater binding to tubular and sessile serrated adenomas versus hyperplastic polyps and normal mucosa. These results demonstrate a peptide specific for cMet that is promising for endoscopic detection of pre-malignant lesions and guiding of tissue biopsy.

18.
Nat Genet ; 51(12): 1714-1722, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784732

RESUMO

Core regulatory transcription factors (CR TFs) orchestrate the placement of super-enhancers (SEs) to activate transcription of cell-identity specifying gene networks, and are critical in promoting cancer. Here, we define the core regulatory circuitry of rhabdomyosarcoma and identify critical CR TF dependencies. These CR TFs build SEs that have the highest levels of histone acetylation, yet paradoxically the same SEs also harbor the greatest amounts of histone deacetylases. We find that hyperacetylation selectively halts CR TF transcription. To investigate the architectural determinants of this phenotype, we used absolute quantification of architecture (AQuA) HiChIP, which revealed erosion of native SE contacts, and aberrant spreading of contacts that involved histone acetylation. Hyperacetylation removes RNA polymerase II (RNA Pol II) from core regulatory genetic elements, and eliminates RNA Pol II but not BRD4 phase condensates. This study identifies an SE-specific requirement for balancing histone modification states to maintain SE architecture and CR TF transcription.


Assuntos
Histonas/metabolismo , Rabdomiossarcoma/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Acetilação , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Imunoprecipitação da Cromatina , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/genética , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Histonas/genética , Humanos , Piridinas/farmacologia , RNA Polimerase II/genética , RNA Polimerase II/metabolismo , Estabilidade de RNA , Fatores de Transcrição SOXE/genética , Análise de Célula Única
19.
J Microbiol Methods ; : 105806, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837350

RESUMO

To establish a simple and rapid high-resolution melting curve (HRM) method, 5 different strains of Salmonella were identified by adding DNA denaturants at different concentrations into the HRM system to change the characteristics of DNA melting and to obtain different Tm (dissolving temperature) values of DNA from different target bacteria. When the concentration of n-butanol was 7% (v/v), the Tm value of the melting curve of the 5 strains changed from 89 °C to 80.5 °C, 81.5 °C, 79.5 °C, 81.0 °C and 82.5 °C, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of the proposed method were both over 90% in the detection of 270 spiked milk powder samples. In summary, the proposed method in this study has potential for application to food safety and epidemiological research on Salmonella infection.

20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(20): 4439-4447, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872630

RESUMO

Root rot disease restricts the Coptis chinensis industry in Shizhu of Sichuan province. To disclose fungi composition and pathogen in rot root,so as to prevent and treat the root rot disease,the C. chinensis rot root of 5 years from 4 areas in Shizhu were collected in 3 seasons respectively. The fungi were isolated and molecularly and morphological identified,followed with population statistics. 437 fungi were isolated,belonging to 5 subphylum,11 classes,16 orders,22 families and 28 genus respectively. There are great difference among the fungi compositions of different area,year and sampling season,while there was no obvious variation rule. Ilyonectria sp.,Pythium sp.,Phoma sp,Trichoderma sp.are dominant genus,while Pythium sp.,Ilyonectria sp.,Phoma sp.,Fusarium sp. may contain root rot pathogen. Antagonistic bacteria may be screened from the strains of Trichoderma sp. isolated.


Assuntos
Coptis/microbiologia , Fungos , Ascomicetos , Bactérias , China , Fusarium , Trichoderma
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