Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 61
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
PLoS Pathog ; 17(3): e1009365, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647060

RESUMO

Parasites alter host energy homeostasis for their own development, but the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain largely unknown. Here, we show that Cotesia vestalis, an endoparasitic wasp of Plutella xylostella larvae, stimulates a reduction of host lipid levels. This process requires excess secretion of P. xylostella tachykinin (PxTK) peptides from enteroendocrine cells (EEs) in the midgut of the parasitized host larvae. We found that parasitization upregulates PxTK signaling to suppress lipogenesis in midgut enterocytes (ECs) in a non-cell-autonomous manner, and the reduced host lipid level benefits the development of wasp offspring and their subsequent parasitic ability. We further found that a C. vestalis bracovirus (CvBV) gene, CvBV 9-2, is responsible for PxTK induction, which in turn reduces the systemic lipid level of the host. Taken together, these findings illustrate a novel mechanism for parasite manipulation of host energy homeostasis by a symbiotic bracovirus gene to promote the development and increase the parasitic efficiency of an agriculturally important wasp species.

2.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616705

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the factors influencing the sexual quality of life of patients with cervical cancer who underwent radical hysterectomy. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort study was conducted from June 2013 to June 2018 at nine hospitals in China. In total, 204 women diagnosed with stage IA to stage IIB cervical cancer who underwent radical hysterectomy completed the questionnaire. Sexual function was measured with the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ). All analyses were performed with R version 3.4.3 statistical software packages. A two-sided significance level of 0.05 was used to evaluate the statistical significance. RESULTS: The mean sexual quality of life score was 37.21 ± 17.28, where a higher PISQ score indicates a better sexual quality of life, and we identified the factors associated with sexual dysfunction. The average follow-up time was 29.0 ± 16.0 months. In addition to radical hysterectomy, 182 (89.2%) patients underwent ovarian suspension, 93 (45.6%) underwent chemotherapy, and 74 (36.3%) underwent concurrent radiotherapy. The univariate analysis confirmed that age represents a protective factor for sexual function (odds ratio (OR) 6.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-10.8, p = 0.017). The patients who underwent ovarian suspension were more likely to experience a good sexual quality of life (OR - 7.2, 95% CI [- 14.8, - 0.4], p = 0.035) compared to those who did not undergo ovarian suspension. A significant negative association was observed between radiotherapy and the behavioral-emotive, physical and partner-related domains of the PISQ (behavioral-emotive, OR - 1.5, 95% CI [- 2.6, - 0.4], p = 0.011; physical, OR - 0.9, 95% CI [- 1.5, - 0.3], p = 0.006; partner-related, OR - 0.7, 95% CI [- 1.3, 0.0], p = 0.043). Chemotherapy and radiotherapy were common risk factors for sexual dysfunction, and radiotherapy exerted a stronger effect than chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the sexual function of cervical cancer patients tends to be related to age, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. However, across these factors, patients with preserved ovaries tend to return to a satisfactory sexual quality of life after recovering from surgery.

3.
Connect Tissue Res ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627007

RESUMO

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common debilitating condition affecting approximately 30-40% of women. The FDA issued a warning about polypropylene mesh used for pelvic floor repair due to erosion, exposure and other complications and banned it in 2019. The application of stem cell therapy and growth factors has strongly promoted the development of pelvic tissue engineering. We intend to address the issues of direct application of growth factors, the side effects of long-term exogenous treatment, and the directional differentiation of stem cells by increasing the paracrine effects and directional differentiation of adipose mesenchymal stem cells through stable overexpression of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). We found that the modified stem cells could continuously and stably release bFGF in the initial stage and could spontaneously differentiate into fibroblasts with a high differentiation efficiency in the later stage. This study demonstrated the strong therapeutic potential of this approach for pelvic tissue engineering.

4.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(11): 1009, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230171

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is a calcium-permeable cation channel that has been associated with several types of cancer. However, its biological significance, as well as its related mechanism in endometrial cancer (EC) still remains elusive. In this study, we examined the function of calcium in EC, with a specific focus on TRPV4 and its downstream pathway. We reported here on the findings that a high level of serum ionized calcium was significantly correlated with advanced EC progression, and among all the calcium channels, TRPV4 played an essential role, with high levels of TRPV4 expression associated with cancer progression both in vitro and in vivo. Proteomic and bioinformatics analysis revealed that TRPV4 was involved in cytoskeleton regulation and Rho protein pathway, which regulated EC cell migration. Mechanistic investigation demonstrated that TRPV4 and calcium influx acted on the cytoskeleton via the RhoA/ROCK1 pathway, ending with LIMK/cofilin activation, which had an impact on F-actin and paxillin (PXN) levels. Overall, our findings indicated that ionized serum calcium level was significantly associated with poor outcomes and calcium channel TRPV4 should be targeted to improve therapeutic and preventive strategies in EC.

5.
Insect Sci ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155403

RESUMO

Polydnaviruses (PDVs) are obligatory symbionts of parasitoid wasps and play an important role in suppressing host immune defenses. Although PDV genes that inhibit host melanization are known in Microplitis bracovirus, the functional homologs in Cotesia bracoviruses remain unknown. Here, we find that Cotesia vestalis bracovirus (CvBV) can inhibit hemolymph melanization of its host, Plutella xylostella larvae, during the early stages of parasitization, and that overexpression of highly expressed CvBV genes reduced host phenoloxidase activity. Furthermore, CvBV-7-1 in particular reduced host phenoloxidase activity within 12 h, and the injection of anti-CvBV-7-1 antibody increased the melanization of parasitized host larvae. Further analyses showed that CvBV-7-1 and three homologs from other Cotesia bracoviruses possessed a C-terminal leucine/isoleucine-rich region and had a similar function in inhibiting melanization. Therefore, a new family of bracovirus genes was proposed and named as C-terminal Leucine/isoleucine-rich Protein (CLP). Ectopic expression of CvBV-7-1 in Drosophila hemocytes increased susceptibility to bacterial repression of melanization and reduced the melanotic encapsulation of parasitized D. melanogaster by the parasitoid Leptopilina boulardi. The formation rate of wasp pupae and the eclosion rate of C. vestalis were affected when the function of CvBV-7-1 was blocked. Our findings suggest that CLP genes from Cotesia bracoviruses encoded proteins that contain a C-terminal leucine/isoleucine-rich region and function as melanization inhibitors during the early stage of parasitization, which is important for successful parasitization.

6.
Comput Commun ; 162: 139-151, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873996

RESUMO

Frequency estimation of physical symptoms for peoples is the most direct way to analyze and predict infectious diseases. In Internet of medical Things (IoMT), it is efficient and convenient for users to report their physical symptoms to hospitals or disease prevention departments by various mobile devices. Unfortunately, it usually brings leakage risk of these symptoms since data receivers may be untrusted. As a strong metric for health privacy, local differential privacy (LDP) requires that users should perturb their symptoms to prevent the risk. However, the widely-used data structure called sketch for frequency estimation does not satisfy the specified requirement. In this paper, we firstly define the problem of frequency estimation of physical symptoms under LDP. Then, we propose four different protocols, i.e., CMS-LDP, FCS-LDP, CS-LDP and FAS-LDP to solve the above problem. Next, we demonstrate that the designed protocols satisfy LDP and unbiased estimation. We also present two approaches to implement the key component (i.e., universal hash functions) of protocols. Finally, we conduct experiments to evaluate four protocols on two real-world datasets, representing two different distributions of physical symptoms. The results show that CMS-LDP and CS-LDP have relatively optimal utility for frequency estimation of physical symptoms in IoMT.

7.
Small ; 16(38): e2002066, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815270

RESUMO

Engineering a facile and controllable approach to modulate the spectral properties of lanthanide-doped upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) is always an ongoing challenge. Herein, long-range ordered, distinct two-dimensional (2D) binary nanoparticle superlattices (BNSLs) composed of NaREF4 :Yb/Er (RE = Y and Gd) UCNPs and plasmonic metallic nanoparticles (Au NPs), including AB, AB3 , and AB13 lattices, are fabricated via a slow evaporation-driven self-assembly to achieve plasmonic modulation of upconversion luminescence (UCL). Optical measurements reveal that typical red-green UCL from UCNPs can be effectively modulated into reddish output in BNSLs, with a drastically shortened lifetime. Notably, for AB3 - and AB13 -type BNSLs with more proximal Au NPs around each UCNP, modified UCL with fine-structured spectral lineshape is observed. These differences could be interpreted by the interplay of collective plasmon resonance introduced by 2D periodic Au arrays and spectrally selective energy transfer between UCNPs and Au. Thus, fabricating UCNP-Au BNSLs with desired lattice parameters and NP configurations could be a promising way to tailor the UCL through controlled plasmonic modulation.

8.
Eng Life Sci ; 20(7): 275-286, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32647506

RESUMO

Pelvic organ prolapse is a common and frequently occurring disease in middle-aged and elderly women. Mesh implantation is an ideal surgical treatment. The polypropylene mesh commonly used in clinical practice has good mechanical properties, but there are long-term complications. The application of tissue engineering technology in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse disease can not only meet the mechanical requirements of pelvic floor support, but also be more biocompatible than traditional polypropylene mesh, and can promote tissue repair to a certain extent. In this paper, the progress of tissue engineering was summarized to understand the application of tissue engineering in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse disease and will help in research.

9.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 5023-5030, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32612389

RESUMO

Purpose: The early predictive values of diagnostic markers for lymph node metastasis (LNM) in endometrial cancer (EC) are still unclear at present. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between serum calcium and LNM in EC. Methods: We identified all patients with EC who underwent surgery between January 2012 and December 2016. Patient characteristics and various preoperative clinicopathologic data were obtained from medical records and were reviewed retrospectively. These patients were divided into two groups according to the pathology of their lymph node. Logistic regression models analyzed the relationship between the ionized calcium and LNM of EC patients, while adjusting for the potential confounders. Results: A total of 448 patients were assessed. Univariate analysis showed that ionized calcium, CA125 level, tumor grade, peritoneal cytology, FIGO stage, histological type, LVSI, and myometrial invasion were positively correlated with LNM (all P<0.05). The risk of LNM increased with the promotion of serum ionized calcium (P for trend <0.01). Ionized calcium level was significant before and after the adjustment of cofounders (unadjusted: OR=11.9, 95% CI: 4.8-29.6, P< 0.01; model I: OR=11.3, 95% CI: 4.5-28.8, P< 0.01; model II: OR=5.2, 95% CI: 1.6-17.2, P< 0.05). Additionally, the risk of ionized calcium was especially evident in patients whose age was older than 60, BMI<28 kg/m2, grade 3, negative peritoneal cytology and endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma. Conclusion: Ionized calcium level was highly associated with LNM in EC and acted as a potential biomarker in predicting the risk of LNM in EC.

10.
Adv Mater ; 32(36): e2002822, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32705724

RESUMO

Engineering novel Sn-based bimetallic materials could provide intriguing catalytic properties to boost the electrochemical CO2 reduction. Herein, the first synthesis of homogeneous Sn1- x Bix alloy nanoparticles (x up to 0.20) with native Bi-doped amorphous SnOx shells for efficient CO2 reduction is reported. The Bi-SnOx nanoshells boost the production of formate with high Faradaic efficiencies (>90%) over a wide potential window (-0.67 to -0.92 V vs RHE) with low overpotentials, outperforming current tin oxide catalysts. The state-of-the-art Bi-SnOx nanoshells derived from Sn0.80 Bi0.20 alloy nanoparticles exhibit a great partial current density of 74.6 mA cm-2 and high Faradaic efficiency of 95.8%. The detailed electrocatalytic analyses and corresponding density functional theory calculations simultaneously reveal that the incorporation of Bi atoms into Sn species facilitates formate production by suppressing the formation of H2 and CO.

11.
Sci Total Environ ; 721: 137759, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172117

RESUMO

A better understanding of the microbial group influencing nitrogen (N) dynamics and cycling in composting matrix is critical in achieving good management to alleviate N loss and improve final compost quality. This study investigated the bacterial composition, structure, co-occurrence network patterns and topological roles of N transformation in cattle manure-maize straw composting using high-throughput sequencing. The two treatments used in this experiment were cattle manure and maize straw mixture (CM) and CM with 10% biochar addition (CMB). In both treatments, the bacterial community composition varied during composting and the major phyla included Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Chloroflexi. The phyla Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria were more abundant in CMB treatment while Firmicutes was abundant in CM piles. The metabolic functional profiles of bacteria was predicted using the "phylogenetic investigation of communities by reconstruction of unobserved states" (PICRUSt) which revealed that except for cellular processes pathway, CMB had slight higher abundance in metabolism, genetic information processing and environmental information processing than the CM. Pearson correlation revealed more significant relationship between the important bacteria communities and N transformation in CMB piles compared with CM. Furthermore, network pattern analysis revealed that the bacterial networks in biochar amended piles are more complex and harbored more positive links than that of no biochar piles. Corresponding agreement of multivariate analyses (correlation heatmap, stepwise regression, Path and network analyses) revealed that Psychrobacter, Thermopolyspora and Thermobifida in CM while Corynebacterium_1, Thermomonospora and Streptomyces in CMB were key bacterial genera affecting NH4+-N, NO3--N and total nitrogen (TN) transformation respectively during composting process. These results provide insight into nitrogen transformation and co-occurrence patterns mediating microbes and bacterial metabolism which could be useful in enhancing compost quality and mitigating N loss during composting.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Microbiota , Animais , Bovinos , Carvão Vegetal , Esterco , Nitrogênio , Filogenia , Solo , Zea mays
12.
Waste Manag ; 105: 190-197, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078983

RESUMO

Analyzing diazotrophic community may help to understand nitrogen transformation in composting and improves the final compost quality. In this study, diazotrophic community dynamics were investigated in terms of nifH gene during dairy manure and corn straw composting with biochar addition using high-throughput sequencing. Biochar decreased the diversity of diazotrophic community and altered diazotroph community structure during composting. At phylum level, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Firmicutes were dominant diazotrophic communities throughout composting process. Biochar addition registered higher correlation coefficient (R) between physicochemical factors (temperature, ammonium (NH4+-N) and nitrate (NO3--N)) and diazotroph community composition. Rhodopseudomonas and Pseudoxanthomonas was the key diazotrophic communities influencing NH4+-N transformation in control (CK) and biochar compost (BC), respectively, while for NO3--N transformation Clostridium and Bradyrhizobium in CK, Azospira and Methylocystis in BC served as predominant factors. These results indicated that addition of biochar altered the key diazotroph communities influencing nitrogen transformation. Furthermore, some diazotrophs (e.g. Rhodopseudomonas, Bradyrhizobium and Azospira) affecting NH4+-N and NO3--N transformation were also observed to be mediating total nitrogen (TN). Interestingly, interactions between diazotrophic communities were observed and these interactions could also influence nitrogen transformation.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Carvão Vegetal , Esterco , Nitrogênio , Solo
13.
Genetics ; 214(3): 617-622, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980449

RESUMO

Sex determination is remarkably variable among animals with examples of environmental sex determination, male heterogametic (XX/XY) and female heterogametic (ZZ/ZW) chromosomal sex determination, and other genetic mechanisms. The cephalochordate amphioxus occupies a key phylogenetic position as a basal chordate and outgroup to vertebrates, but its sex determination mechanism is unknown. During the course of generating Nodal mutants with transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) in amphioxus Branchiostoma floridae, serendipitously, we generated three mutant strains that reveal the sex determination mechanism of this animal. In one mutant strain, all heterozygous mutant offspring over three generations were female and all wild-type descendants were male. This pattern suggests the Nodal allele targeted is on a female-specific W chromosome. A second mutant showed the same W-linked inheritance pattern, with a female heterozygote passing the mutation only to daughters. In a third mutant strain, both male and female offspring could be heterozygous, but a female heterozygote passed the mutation only to sons. This pattern is consistent with the targeted allele being on a Z chromosome. We found an indel polymorphism linked to a Nodal allele present in most females, but no males in our cultured population. Together, these results indicate that Nodal is sex chromosome-linked in B. floridae, and that B. floridae has a ZZ/ZW sex chromosome system.

14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 191: 110161, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954219

RESUMO

Denitrification and nitrification processes are the two prominent pathways of nitrogen (N) transformation in composting matrix. This study explored the dynamics of denitrifying and nitrifying bacteria at different composting stages of cow manure and corn straw using functional gene sequencing at DNA and cDNA levels. Corresponding agreement among OTUs, NMDS, mental test and network analyses revealed that functional bacteria community compositions and responses to physicochemical factors were different at DNA and cDNA levels. Specifically, some OTUs were detected at the DNA level but were not observed at cDNA level, differences were also found in the distribution patterns of nitrifying and denitrifying bacteria communities at both levels. Furthermore, co-occurrence network analysis indicated that Pseudomonas, Paracoccus and Nitrosomonas were identified as the keystone OTUs at the DNA level, while Paracoccus, Agrobacterium and Nitrosospira were keystone OTUs at the cDNA level. Mantel test revealed that TN, C/N and moisture content significantly influenced both the denitrifying bacteria and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) communities at the DNA level. NO3--N, NH4+-N, TN, C/N, and moisture content only registered significant correlation with the nosZ-type denitrifiers and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) communities at the cDNA level. Structural equation model (SEM) showed that TN, NH4+-N, and pH were direct and significantly influenced the gene abundance of denitrifying bacteria. Howbeit, TN, NH4+-N, and NO3--N had significant direct effects on amoA gene abundance.


Assuntos
Betaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Compostagem , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Complementar/genética , Esterco/microbiologia , Amônia/metabolismo , Animais , Betaproteobacteria/genética , Betaproteobacteria/metabolismo , Bovinos , China , Desnitrificação , Feminino , Microbiota/genética , Nitrificação , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Oxirredução
15.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(9): 9658-9668, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31925688

RESUMO

This study examined the influence of biochar addition on fungal community during composting of cow manure using high-throughput sequencing. Two treatments were set up, including compost of cow manure plus 10% biochar (BC) and cow manure compost without biochar (CK). Fungal community composition varied obviously during composting in both treatments, and main fungi included Aspergillus, Myriococcum, Thermomyces, Mycothermus, Scedosporium, Cladosporium, and unclassified Microascaceae. Fungal community composition was altered by biochar during composting, especially during the thermophilic and the cooling phase, promoting Aspergillus and Myriococcum while inhibiting unclassified Microascaceae and Thermomyces. Based on linear discriminant analysis effect size analysis, common indicator groups were detected in both composts; however, specific indicator groups were also found in BC treatment, including Clavicipitaceae, Tremellales, Gibberella, and Coprinopsis. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) indicated that moisture content, organic matter, C/N, and pH had significant correlation (p < 0.05) with fungal composition in both treatments. However, in compost added with biochar, temperature was not an important factor affecting fungal community (p > 0.05).


Assuntos
Compostagem , Micobioma , Animais , Bovinos , Carvão Vegetal , Feminino , Esterco , Solo
16.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 18(3): 732-742, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471988

RESUMO

Wheat is one of the most important staple crops worldwide and also an excellent model species for crop evolution and polyploidization studies. The breakthrough of sequencing the bread wheat genome and progenitor genomes lays the foundation to decipher the complexity of wheat origin and evolutionary process as well as the genetic consequences of polyploidization. In this study, we sequenced 3286 BACs from chromosome 7DL of bread wheat cv. Chinese Spring and integrated the unmapped contigs from IWGSC v1 and available PacBio sequences to close gaps present in the 7DL assembly. In total, 8043 out of 12 825 gaps, representing 3 491 264 bp, were closed. We then used the improved assembly of 7DL to perform comparative genomic analysis of bread wheat (Ta7DL) and its D donor, Aegilops tauschii (At7DL), to identify domestication signatures. Results showed a strong syntenic relationship between Ta7DL and At7DL, although some small rearrangements were detected at the distal regions. A total of 53 genes appear to be lost genes during wheat polyploidization, with 23% (12 genes) as RGA (disease resistance gene analogue). Furthermore, 86 positively selected genes (PSGs) were identified, considered to be domestication-related candidates. Finally, overlapping of QTLs obtained from GWAS analysis and PSGs indicated that TraesCS7D02G321000 may be one of the domestication genes involved in grain morphology. This study provides comparative information on the sequence, structure and organization between bread wheat and Ae. tauschii from the perspective of the 7DL chromosome, which contribute to better understanding of the evolution of wheat, and supports wheat crop improvement.


Assuntos
Evolução Biológica , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Genoma de Planta , Triticum/genética , Aegilops/genética , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Sintenia
17.
Biotechnol Appl Biochem ; 67(5): 799-811, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746033

RESUMO

In this study, nutrient loss, the direct and indirect relationship between period, compost types, temperature, total nitrogen (TN), nitrate nitrogen (NO3 - -N), ammonium nitrogen (NH4 + -N), microbial biomass carbon (MBC), and microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN) were investigated during composting of cattle manure-maize straw mixture. This study findings revealed that biochar addition lowered NH4 + -N but did not increase NO3 - -N concentrations unlike no biochar piles during composting. The first-order kinetic models showed that biochar accelerated organic matter (OM) degradation and improved nitrogen mineralization, consequently reducing TN losses by 13.6% and OM losses by 12.66%. Transformation ratio of MBC/MBN, coupled with other chemical components of the entire microbial community, suggested a shift in the microbial succession and diversity during composting from the dominant bacteria and actinomycetes to fungi. The structural equation model and path coefficient revealed temperature to be the main factor mediating the evolution of MBC and MBN in composting. The physicochemical variables, phytotoxicity, and final product quality revealed that biochar incorporation to the composting feedstock is an ideal material for mitigating problems of TN and OM losses in composting and ultimately enhancing the fertility potential of the final compost product.

18.
Development ; 147(1)2020 01 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826864

RESUMO

Cilia rotation-driven nodal flow is crucial for the left-right (L-R) break in symmetry in most vertebrates. However, the mechanism by which the flow signal is translated to asymmetric gene expression has been insufficiently addressed. Here, we show that Hedgehog (Hh) signalling is asymmetrically activated (L

Assuntos
Cílios/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Anfioxos/embriologia , Animais , Evolução Biológica , Padronização Corporal , Embrião não Mamífero/fisiologia , Embrião não Mamífero/ultraestrutura , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Anfioxos/genética , Anfioxos/metabolismo , Anfioxos/ultraestrutura
19.
J Sep Sci ; 43(5): 987-995, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828955

RESUMO

Selective removal of bisphenol A from wastewater is quite challenging primarily because of its low concentration and matrix complexity. To this end, according to the molecular structure of bisphenol A, we designed a functional monomer for the preparation of molecularly imprinted mesoporous silica using click chemistry reaction. The resultant bisphenol A imprinted mesoporous silica was characterized by transmission electron microscopy, small angle X-ray diffraction, and N2 adsorption-desorption experiments. The results indicated that the bisphenol A imprinted mesoporous silica possessed a highly ordered periodic hexagonal mesostructure with the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area of 944.28 m2 /g. The bisphenol A imprinted mesoporous silica showed fast adsorption kinetics and the saturated adsorption capacity reached up to 88.6 mg/g at pH 6.5, and with relative selectivity factors ranged from 1.06 to 3.20. The adsorption efficiency of the bisphenol A imprinted mesoporous silica was above 97.96% after five extraction/elution cycles. The bisphenol A imprinted mesoporous silica was further applied to the selective removal of bisphenol A from real wastewater samples and showed great promise in practical applications.

20.
Small ; 16(3): e1905226, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833672

RESUMO

0D lead-free metal halide nanocrystals (NCs) are an emerging class of materials with intriguing optical properties. Herein, colloidal synthetic routes are presented for the production of 0D Cs3 Cu2 X5 (X = I, Br, and Cl) NCs with orthorhombic structure and well-defined morphologies. All these Cs3 Cu2 X5 NCs exhibit broadband blue-green photoluminescence (PL) emissions in the range of 445-527 nm with large Stokes shifts, which are attributed to their intrinsic self-trapped exciton (STE) emission characteristics. The high PL quantum yield of 48.7% is obtained from Cs3 Cu2 Cl5 NCs, while Cs3 Cu2 I5 NCs exhibit considerable air stability over 45 days. Intriguingly, as X is changed from I to Br and Cl, Cs3 Cu2 X5 NCs exhibit a continuous redshift of emission peaks, which is contrary to the blueshift in CsPbX3 perovskite NCs.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...