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1.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-10, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054480

RESUMO

A growing body of evidence indicates that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is involved in the development and progression of many diseases. It has been reported that lncRNA LINC00467 is disregulated in multiple tumors, while its role in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is still unknown. Here, we find that LINC00467 expression is significantly increased in AML specimens and cell lines. Further investigations show that knockdown of LINC00467 inhibits the malignant phenotypes of AML cells. Consistently, LINC00467 knockdown slows AML progression in immunodeficient mice. Interestingly, microRNA-339 (miR-339) is upregulated and its target gene SKI, an oncogene, is downregulated in AML cells after LINC00467 knockdown. More importantly, inhibition of miR-339 can largely abolish the effect of LINC00467 knockdown on AML cells. Collectively, our data demonstrate that LINC00467 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of AML by targeting the miR-339/SKI pathway, which provides a new sight for the subsequent treatment of AML.

2.
Obes Res Clin Pract ; 14(6): 548-553, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121895

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In previous epigenome-wide association studies, Hypoxia inducible Factor 3 Alpha Subunit (HIF3A) DNA methylation has been reported to be associated with body mass index (BMI) and weight change. However, none of these studies have included Mexican Americans. METHODS: In the current study, we assessed levels of HIF3A methylation in 927 Mexican American women identified from Mano-A-Mano, the Mexican American Cohort study. RESULTS: Significantly higher methylation levels at three CpG sites (position 46801557, 46801642, and 46801699) were observed in obese women compared to non-obese women (P < 0.05). Furthermore, we found that elevated methylation levels at those three CpG sites were associated with significant weight gain (P < 0.05), defined as an increase in BMI by at least one category between the baseline and the follow-up, with a median follow-up time of 39 months. Then, using pre-diagnostic blood DNA samples, we found increased DNA methylation at CpG 46801642 to be associated with a 1.35-fold increased risk of breast cancer (Hazard Ratio (HR) = 1.35, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 1.02, 3.01), with a median follow-up time of 127 months. Using the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data, we further found that levels of HIF3A were significantly higher-methylated and down-regulated in breast tumor than in normal tissues (P < 1 × 1012 for both). CONCLUSION: Thus, our results provide evidence to support the role of HIF3A in obesity, weight gain, and the development of breast cancer.

3.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) against Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) are vital to reducing the transmission risks. However, the relative efficiency of social distancing against COVID-19 remains controversial, since social distancing and isolation/quarantine were implemented almost at the same time in China. METHODS: In this study, surveillance data of COVID-19 and seasonal influenza in the year 2018-2020 were used to quantify the relative efficiency of NPIs against COVID-19 in China, since isolation/quarantine was not used for the influenza epidemics. Given that the relative age-dependent susceptibility to influenza and COVID-19 may vary, an age-structured Susceptible-Infected-Recovered model was built to explore the efficiency of social distancing against COVID-19 under different population susceptibility scenarios. RESULTS: The mean effective reproductive number, Rt, of COVID-19 before NPIs was 2.12 (95% confidential interval (CI): 2.02-2.21). By March 11, 2020, the overall reduction in Rt of COVID-19 was 66.1% (95% CI: 60.1%-71.2%). In the epidemiological year 2019/20, influenza transmissibility reduced by 34.6% (95% CI: 31.3%-38.2%) compared with that in the epidemiological year 2018/19. Under the observed contact patterns changes in China, social distancing had similar efficiency against COVID-19 in three different scenarios. By assuming same efficiency of social distancing against seasonal influenza and COVID-19 transmission, isolation/quarantine and social distancing could lead to a 48.1% (95% CI: 35.4%-58.1%) and 34.6% (95% CI: 31.3%-38.2%) reduction of the transmissibility of COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Though isolation/quarantine is more effective than social distancing, given that typical basic reproductive number of COVID-19 is 2-3, isolation/quarantine alone could not contain the COVID-19 pandemic effectively in China.

4.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038280

RESUMO

Obesity is considered a chronic inflammatory state characterized by continued secretion of adipokines and cytokines. Experimental and epidemiological evidence indicates that circulating adipokines may be associated with the development of obesity-related cancers, but it is unclear if these associations are causal or confounded. We examined potential causal associations of specific adipokines (adiponectin, leptin, soluble leptin receptor [sOB-R] and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 [PAI-1]) with five obesity-related cancers (colorectal, pancreatic, renal cell carcinoma [RCC], ovarian and endometrial) using Mendelian randomization (MR) methods. We used summary-level data from large genetic consortia for 114 530 cancer cases and 245 284 controls. We constructed genetic instruments using 18 genetic variants for adiponectin, 2 for leptin and 4 for both sOB-R and PAI-1 (P value for inclusion<5 × 10-8 ). Causal estimates were obtained using two-sample MR methods. In the inverse-variance weighted models, we found an inverse association between adiponectin and risk of colorectal cancer (odds ratio per 1 µg/mL increment in adiponectin concentration: 0.90 [95% confidence interval = 0.84-0.97]; P = .01); but, evidence of horizontal pleiotropy was detected and the association was not present when this was taken into consideration. No association was found for adiponectin and risks of pancreatic cancer, RCC, ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer. Leptin, sOB-R and PAI-1 were also similarly unrelated to risk of obesity-related cancers. Despite the large sample size, our MR analyses do not support causal effects of circulating adiponectin, leptin, sOB-R and PAI-1 concentrations on the development of five obesity-related cancers.

5.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 69: 101826, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010726

RESUMO

In our previous breast cancer case control study in Hispanics, we found 14 metabolites whose levels differed between cases and controls. To validate the results, we carried out a nested case control study of 100 incident breast cancer and 100 matched healthy women identified from the Mano-A-Mano Mexican American Cohort study. With the adjustment of parity, education, birth place, language acculturation, BMI category, smoking, drinking, physical activity, and sitting time, 4 metabolites were associated with breast cancer risk: 3-hydroxyoctanoate (Odds ratio (OR) = 1.51, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10, 3.47), 3-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) (OR = 1.42, 95%CI: 1.01, 3.72), linoleate (18:2n6) (OR = 1.39, 95% CI: 1.07, 4.04), and bilirubin (OR = 0.54, 95%CI: 0.42, 0.95). Then, we used 3 non-redundant metabolites, namely 3-hydroxyoctanoate, linoleate (18:2n6), and bilirubin, to generate a metabolic risk score. Increased metabolites risk score was associated with a 1.67-fold increased risk of breast cancer (OR = 1.67, 95%CI: 1.32, 3.94). And the significant association was more evident among those who were diagnosed with cancer earlier during the follow-up (≤ 5 years) than their counterparts. In conclusion, we identified four significant metabolites which may help elucidate metabolic pathways that contribute to breast carcinogenesis. Our findings warrant further replication efforts.

6.
Genet Epidemiol ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924180

RESUMO

Clinical trial results have recently demonstrated that inhibiting inflammation by targeting the interleukin-1ß pathway can offer a significant reduction in lung cancer incidence and mortality, highlighting a pressing and unmet need to understand the benefits of inflammation-focused lung cancer therapies at the genetic level. While numerous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have explored the genetic etiology of lung cancer, there remains a large gap between the type of information that may be gleaned from an association study and the depth of understanding necessary to explain and drive translational findings. Thus, in this study we jointly model and integrate extensive multiomics data sources, utilizing a total of 40 genome-wide functional annotations that augment previously published results from the International Lung Cancer Consortium (ILCCO) GWAS, to prioritize and characterize single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that increase risk of squamous cell lung cancer through the inflammatory and immune responses. Our work bridges the gap between correlative analysis and translational follow-up research, refining GWAS association measures in an interpretable and systematic manner. In particular, reanalysis of the ILCCO data highlights the impact of highly associated SNPs from nuclear factor-κB signaling pathway genes as well as major histocompatibility complex mediated variation in immune responses. One consequence of prioritizing likely functional SNPs is the pruning of variants that might be selected for follow-up work by over an order of magnitude, from potentially tens of thousands to hundreds. The strategies we introduce provide informative and interpretable approaches for incorporating extensive genome-wide annotation data in analysis of genetic association studies.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909077

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical predictors and biological mechanisms for localized prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes remain mostly unknown. We aim to evaluate the role of serum immune-checkpoint-related (ICK) proteins and genetic variations in predicting outcomes of localized PCa. METHODS: We profiled the serum levels of 14 ICK-related proteins (BTLA, GITR, HVEM, IDO, LAG-3, PD-1, PD-L1, PD-L2, Tim-3, CD28, CD80, 4-1BB, CD27, and CTLA-4) in 190 patients with localized PCa. The genotypes of 97 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 19 ICK-related genes were analyzed in an extended population (N = 1762). Meta-data from ArrayExpress and TCGA was employed to validate and to probe functional data. Patients were enrolled and tumor aggressiveness, biochemical recurrence (BCR), and progression information were obtained. Statistical analyses were performed analyzing associations between serum biomarkers, genotypes, mRNA and outcomes. RESULTS: We showed that serum (s)BTLA and sTIM3 levels were associated with PCa aggressiveness (P < 0.05). sCD28, sCD80, sCTLA4, sGITR, sHVEM and sIDO correlated with both BCR and progression risks (all P < 0.05). We further identified ICK variants were significantly associated with aggressiveness, BCR and progression. Among them, 4 SNPs located in CD80 (rs7628626, rs12695388, rs491407, rs6804441) were not only associated with BCR and progression risk, but also correlated with sCD80 level (P < 0.01). rs491407 was further validated in an independent cohort. The CD80 mRNA expression was associated with BCR (HR, 1.85, 95% CI 1.06-3.22, P = 0.03) in meta-analysis of validation cohorts. CONCLUSION: We highlight the prognostic value of serum ICK-related proteins for predicting aggressiveness, BCR and progression of PCa. The genetic variations and mRNA expression in CD80 could be predictors and potential targets of localized PCa.

8.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 29(10): 2065-2069, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Much of the heritable risk of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) associated with common genetic variation is unexplained. New analytic approaches have been developed to increase the discovery of risk variants in genome-wide association studies (GWAS), including multi-locus testing through pathway analysis. METHODS: We conducted a pathway analysis using GWAS summary data from six previous scans (10,784 cases and 20,406 controls) and evaluated 3,678 pathways and gene sets drawn from the Molecular Signatures Database. To replicate findings, we analyzed GWAS summary data from the UK Biobank (903 cases and 451,361 controls) and the Genetic Epidemiology Research on Adult Health and Aging cohort (317 cases and 50,511 controls). RESULTS: We identified 14 pathways/gene sets associated with RCC in both the discovery (P < 1.36 × 10-5, the Bonferroni correction threshold) and replication (P < 0.05) sets, 10 of which include components of the PI3K/AKT pathway. In tests across 2,035 genes in these pathways, associations (Bonferroni corrected P < 2.46 × 10-5 in discovery and replication sets combined) were observed for CASP9, TIPIN, and CDKN2C. The strongest SNP signal was for rs12124078 (P Discovery = 2.6 × 10-5; P Replication = 1.5 × 10-4; P Combined = 6.9 × 10-8), a CASP9 expression quantitative trait locus. CONCLUSIONS: Our pathway analysis implicates genetic variation within the PI3K/AKT pathway as a source of RCC heritability and identifies several promising novel susceptibility genes, including CASP9, which warrant further investigation. IMPACT: Our findings illustrate the value of pathway analysis as a complementary approach to analyzing GWAS data.

10.
J Immunother Cancer ; 8(2)2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent advances in T cell-related immunotherapy have brought remarkable progress in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, whether and how genetic variations of T cell cancer immune response genes can influence clinical outcomes of NSCLC patients remain obscure. METHODS: In this multiphase study, we assessed 2450 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 280 T cell cancer immune response-related genes in 941 early-stage NSCLC patients (discovery n=536; validation n=405) to analyze the variants' associations with outcomes and to observe the effects on T cell phenotypes. RESULTS: We found 14 SNPs in 10 genes were associated with NSCLC outcomes (p<0.05) in both phases. Among them, TRB:rs1964986 was the most significant variant associated with recurrence risk after meta-analysis (HR 1.84, 95% CI 1.35 to 2.52, p=1.15E-04), while IDO1:rs10108662 was the most significant SNP associated with death risk (HR 1.87, 95% CI 1.40 to 2.51, p=2.17E-05). Analysis of unfavorable genotypes indicated cumulative effects on death and recurrence risks. Seven treatment-specific variants were found to predict opposite outcomes in surgery-only and surgery-plus-chemotherapy subgroups. Expression quantitative trait loci analysis indicated that six SNPs significantly correlated with their corresponding gene expression. T cells from high-risk subjects displayed reduced degranulation (p=0.02) and decreased cytotoxicity against cancer cells (p<0.01). Gene expression profile indicated increased IDO1 expression and decreased IL2, PRF and GZMB expression in high-risk subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variations in T cell cancer immune response pathways can impact outcomes and may be served as predictors for treatment efficacy in early-stage NSCLC patients. The correlation between immune genotypes and T cell antitumor immunity suggests a biological link between host immune genetics and NSCLC prognosis.

11.
Qual Life Res ; 29(11): 2977-2986, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621260

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Racial disparities are evident in colorectal cancer (CRC) prognosis with black patients experiencing worse outcomes than Hispanics and whites, yet mediators of these disparities are not fully known. The aim of this study is to identify variables that contribute to racial/ethnic disparities in health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and overall survival in CRC. METHODS: Using SF-12 questionnaires, we assessed HR-QoL in 1132 CRC patients by calculating their physical (PCS) and mental composite summary (MCS) scores. Associations between poor PCS/MCS and sociodemographic factors were estimated and survival differences were identified by race/ethnicity. RESULTS: Hispanic patients who never married were at greater risk of poor PCS (OR 2.69; 95% CI 1.11-6.49; P = 0.028) than were currently married patients. College education was associated with a decreased risk of poor PCS in Hispanic and white, but not black, patients. Gender was significantly associated with poor MCS among white patients only. CRC patients who reported a poor PCS or MCS had poor survival, with differences in median survival times (MSTs) by race. The effect of PCS was strongest in white CRC patients with a difference in overall MST of > 116 months between those with favorable versus poor physical HR-QoL. Black patients who reported poor Physical and Mental HR-QoL showed significant risk of a poor outcome. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that racial/ethnic disparities in CRC survival may be related to differences in HR-QoL. Identified mediators of HR-QoL could supplement current CRC management strategies to improve patients' survival.

12.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(3): 894-898, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552954

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of conventional CAG regimen and decitabine + decreased dose CAG (D+dCAG) regimen on the clinical efficacy and safety of patients with MDS-RAEB/AML-MRC. METHODS: The clinical data of 67 patients with MDS-RAEB/AML-MRC hospitalized in our hospital from March 2012 to July 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. According to chemotherapecctic regimens, 76 patients were divided into 2 groups: 37 patients treated with conventional CAG regimen were enrolled in control group, 30 patients treated with decitabine + decreased dose CAG regimen were enrolled in D+dCAG group. The complete remission (CR) rate, overall remission rate (ORR), OS and PFS time and incidence of adverse reactions in 2 groups were compared. RESULTS: The CR in D+dCAG group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). ORR was not significanly different between 2 groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the cumulative OS rate between 2 groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the cumulative OS rate and PFS rate in nonimplantation between 2 groups (P>0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions of hematological system, pulmonary infection, skin and soft tissue infection, agranulocytosic fever and mycotic infection was not significanly different between 2 groups (P>0.05). The duration of granulocyte deficiency and platelet count less than 20×109/L were not significanly different between 2 groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with conventional CAG regimen, decitabine + decreased dose CAG regimen in the treatment of patients with MDS-RAEB/AML-MRC can efficiently improve the remission effects and showed the well overall safety, but can not increase the survival rate.


Assuntos
Anemia Refratária com Excesso de Blastos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Citarabina , Decitabina , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Med Genet ; 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32546565

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The known epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) susceptibility genes account for less than 50% of the heritable risk of ovarian cancer suggesting that other susceptibility genes exist. The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution to ovarian cancer susceptibility of rare deleterious germline variants in a set of candidate genes. METHODS: We sequenced the coding region of 54 candidate genes in 6385 invasive EOC cases and 6115 controls of broad European ancestry. Genes with an increased frequency of putative deleterious variants in cases versus controls were further examined in an independent set of 14 135 EOC cases and 28 655 controls from the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium and the UK Biobank. For each gene, we estimated the EOC risks and evaluated associations between germline variant status and clinical characteristics. RESULTS: The ORs associated for high-grade serous ovarian cancer were 3.01 for PALB2 (95% CI 1.59 to 5.68; p=0.00068), 1.99 for POLK (95% CI 1.15 to 3.43; p=0.014) and 4.07 for SLX4 (95% CI 1.34 to 12.4; p=0.013). Deleterious mutations in FBXO10 were associated with a reduced risk of disease (OR 0.27, 95% CI 0.07 to 1.00, p=0.049). However, based on the Bayes false discovery probability, only the association for PALB2 in high-grade serous ovarian cancer is likely to represent a true positive. CONCLUSIONS: We have found strong evidence that carriers of PALB2 deleterious mutations are at increased risk of high-grade serous ovarian cancer. Whether the magnitude of risk is sufficiently high to warrant the inclusion of PALB2 in cancer gene panels for ovarian cancer risk testing is unclear; much larger sample sizes will be needed to provide sufficiently precise estimates for clinical counselling.

14.
Blood Adv ; 4(12): 2789-2797, 2020 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569378

RESUMO

So far, 23 germline susceptibility loci have been associated with multiple myeloma (MM) risk. It is unclear whether the genetic variation associated with MM susceptibility also predisposes to its precursor, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). Leveraging 2434 MM cases, 754 MGUS cases, and 2 independent sets of controls (2567/879), we investigated potential shared genetic susceptibility of MM and MGUS by (1) performing MM and MGUS genome-wide association studies (GWAS); (2) validating the association of a polygenic risk score (PRS) based on 23 established MM loci (MM-PRS) with risk of MM, and for the first time with MGUS; and (3) examining genetic correlation of MM and MGUS. Heritability and genetic estimates yielded 17% (standard error [SE] ±0.04) and 15% (SE ±0.11) for MM and MGUS risk, respectively, and a 55% (SE ±0.30) genetic correlation. The MM-PRS was associated with risk of MM when assessed continuously (odds ratio [OR], 1.17 per SD; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13-1.21) or categorically (OR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.38-2.09 for highest; OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.55-0.90 for lowest compared with middle quintile). The MM-PRS was similarly associated with MGUS (OR, 1.19 per SD; 95% CI, 1.14-1.26 as a continuous measure, OR, 1.77, 95%CI: 1.29-2.43 for highest and OR, 0.70, 95%CI: 0.50-0.98 for lowest compared with middle quintile). MM and MGUS associations did not differ by age, sex, or MM immunoglobulin isotype. We validated a 23-SNP MM-PRS in an independent series of MM cases and provide evidence for its association with MGUS. Our results suggest shared common genetic susceptibility to MM and MGUS.

15.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 223(2): 240.e1-240.e9, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: On January 20, 2020, a new coronavirus epidemic with human-to-human transmission was officially declared by the Chinese government, which caused significant public panic in China. In light of the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak, pregnant women may be particularly vulnerable and in special need for preventive mental health strategies. Thus far, no reports exist to investigate the mental health response of pregnant women to the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak on the prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms and the corresponding risk factors among pregnant women across China. STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter, cross-sectional study was initiated in early December 2019 to identify mental health concerns in pregnancy using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. This study provided a unique opportunity to compare the mental status of pregnant women before and after the declaration of the coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic. A total of 4124 pregnant women during their third trimester from 25 hospitals in 10 provinces across China were examined in this cross-sectional study from January 1, 2020, to February 9, 2020. Of these women, 1285 were assessed after January 20, 2020, when the coronavirus epidemic was publicly declared and 2839 were assessed before this pivotal time point. The internationally recommended Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale was used to assess maternal depression and anxiety symptoms. Prevalence rates and risk factors were compared between the pre- and poststudy groups. RESULTS: Pregnant women assessed after the declaration of coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic had significantly higher rates of depressive symptoms (26.0% vs 29.6%, P=.02) than women assessed before the epidemic declaration. These women were also more likely to have thoughts of self-harm (P=.005). The depressive rates were positively associated with the number of newly confirmed cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (P=.003), suspected infections (P=.004), and deaths per day (P=.001). Pregnant women who were underweight before pregnancy, primiparous, younger than 35 years, employed full time, in middle income category, and had appropriate living space were at increased risk for developing depressive and anxiety symptoms during the outbreak. CONCLUSION: Major life-threatening public health events such as the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak may increase the risk for mental illness among pregnant women, including thoughts of self-harm. Strategies targeting maternal stress and isolation such as effective risk communication and the provision of psychological first aid may be particularly useful to prevent negative outcomes for women and their fetuses.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Pandemias , Gravidez
16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 5514, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32251345

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

17.
Carcinogenesis ; 41(8): 1057-1064, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32215555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a pivotal role in the progression of prostate cancer (PCa). However, little is known about genetic variants in the EMT pathway as predictors of aggressiveness, biochemical recurrence (BCR) and disease reclassification in localized PCa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this multistage study, we evaluated 5186 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 264 genes related to EMT pathway to identify SNPs associated with PCa aggressiveness and BCR in the MD Anderson PCa (MDA-PCa) patient cohort (N = 1762), followed by assessment of the identified SNPs with disease reclassification in the active surveillance (AS) cohort (N = 392). RESULTS: In the MDA-PCa cohort, 312 SNPs were associated with high D'Amico risk (P < 0.05), among which, 14 SNPs in 10 genes were linked to BCR risk. In the AS cohort, 2 of 14 identified SNPs (rs76779889 and rs7083961) in C-terminal Binding Proteins 2 gene were associated with reclassification risk. The associations of rs76779889 with different endpoints were: D'Amico high versus low, odds ratio [95% confidence interval (CI)] = 2.89 (1.32-6.34), P = 0.008; BCR, hazard ratio (HR) (95% CI) = 2.88 (1.42-5.85), P = 0.003; and reclassification, HR (95% CI) = 2.83 (1.40-5.74), P = 0.004. For rs7083961, the corresponding risk estimates were: D'Amico high versus low, odds ratio (95% CI) = 1.69 (1.12-2.57), P = 0.013; BCR, HR (95% CI) = 1.87 (1.15-3.02), P = 0.011 and reclassification, HR (95% CI) = 1.72 (1.09-2.72), P = 0.020. There were cumulative effects of these two SNPs on modulating these endpoints. CONCLUSION: Genetic variants in EMT pathway may influence the risks of localized PCa's aggressiveness, BCR and disease reclassification, suggesting their potential role in the assessment and management of localized PCa.

18.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 93-97, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the correlation of the minimal residual disease level with the prognosis of the AML patients with NPM1 gene mutation positive after chemotherapy. METHODS: The clinical data of 112 newly diagnosed adult AML patients with positive NPM1 gene were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The correlation of the transcripts of NPM1 gene mutation with prognosis of patients was analyzed. RESULTS: In 112 AML patients, the median transcript level of NPM1 gene mutation accounted for 83.68% (5.86%-486.57%), FLT3-ITD mutation positive was found in 44 cases (39.29%), chromosomal abnormalities in 22 cases (19.64%) and complete remission in 96 cases (85.71%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the initial induction therapy and white blood cell count closely related with complete remission (P<0.05). The median follow-up time was 22 (3-36) months, and the 3-year overall survival rate was 66.07% in 112 patients. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that both the high level of minimal residual disease at the initial complete remission and the high level of minimal residual disease after consolidation therapy were the independent risk factors for overall survival (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: In newly diagnosed adult AML patients with NPM1 mutation positive, the early high level of minimal residual disease after chemotherapy closely relates with poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Adulto , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Mutação , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms
19.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 603, 2020 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001676

RESUMO

Immunotherapy targeting T cells is increasingly utilized to treat solid tumors including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This requires a better understanding of the T cells in the lungs of patients with NSCLC. Here, we report T cell repertoire analysis in a cohort of 236 early-stage NSCLC patients. T cell repertoire attributes are associated with clinicopathologic features, mutational and immune landscape. A considerable proportion of the most prevalent T cells in tumors are also prevalent in the uninvolved tumor-adjacent lungs and appear specific to shared background mutations or viral infections. Patients with higher T cell repertoire homology between the tumor and uninvolved tumor-adjacent lung, suggesting a less tumor-focused T cell response, exhibit inferior survival. These findings indicate that a concise understanding of antigens and T cells in NSCLC is needed to improve therapeutic efficacy and reduce toxicity with immunotherapy, particularly adoptive T cell therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Células Clonais , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Análise de Sobrevida
20.
Hum Mol Genet ; 29(1): 70-79, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600786

RESUMO

We previously identified five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at four susceptibility loci for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in individuals of European ancestry through a large genome-wide association study (GWAS). To further elucidate genetic susceptibility to DLBCL, we sought to validate two loci at 3q13.33 and 3p24.1 that were suggestive in the original GWAS with additional genotyping. In the meta-analysis (5662 cases and 9237 controls) of the four original GWAS discovery scans and three replication studies, the 3q13.33 locus (rs9831894; minor allele frequency [MAF] = 0.40) was associated with DLBCL risk [odds ratio (OR) = 0.83, P = 3.62 × 10-13]. rs9831894 is in linkage disequilibrium (LD) with additional variants that are part of a super-enhancer that physically interacts with promoters of CD86 and ILDR1. In the meta-analysis (5510 cases and 12 817 controls) of the four GWAS discovery scans and four replication studies, the 3p24.1 locus (rs6773363; MAF = 0.45) was also associated with DLBCL risk (OR = 1.20, P = 2.31 × 10-12). This SNP is 29 426-bp upstream of the nearest gene EOMES and in LD with additional SNPs that are part of a highly lineage-specific and tumor-acquired super-enhancer that shows long-range interaction with AZI2 promoter. These loci provide additional evidence for the role of immune function in the etiology of DLBCL, the most common lymphoma subtype.

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