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1.
J Org Chem ; 84(17): 11301-11305, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411034

RESUMO

Phlegmadine A (1), a Lycopodium alkaloid with a unique cyclobutane ring and featuring a complex tetracyclo[4.2.2.03,8.03,10]decane-bridged system, together with three biogenetically related known compounds, was isolated from the Phlegmariurus phlegmaria. The structures and absolute configurations of 1 and 2 were determined by NMR and single-crystal X-ray analysis. Among them, compound 2 exhibited noticeable protective effects for long-term potentiation impairment by corticosterone induced in mice. Moreover, we succeeded in the efficient synthesis of 1 from 3 by a biomimetic synthesis method.

2.
Phytochemistry ; 166: 112065, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362147

RESUMO

Ten undescribed neo-clerodane diterpenoids, named hispanins A-J, together with six known ones, were isolated from the aerial parts of Salvia hispanica L. Their structures were established by extensive spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configurations of the undescribed compounds were determined by the ECD data and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Hispanins B and C represented the first neo-clerodane diterpenoids with a unique oxygen bridge between C-19 and C-20. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their protective effects against H2O2-induced cardiomyocyte injury. Five of these compounds showed significant cardioprotective effects.


Assuntos
Cardiotônicos/química , Cardiotônicos/farmacologia , Diterpenos Clerodânicos/química , Diterpenos Clerodânicos/farmacologia , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Salvia/química , Animais , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Ratos
3.
Phytochemistry ; 161: 86-96, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30822624

RESUMO

A phytochemical study on the stem bark of Metasequoia glyptostroboides led to the isolation of sixty-one diterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids, including seventeen previously undescribed compounds, metaglyptins A-Q. Their structures were elucidated by extensive analysis of spectroscopic data (IR, UV, HRESIMS, and 1H, 13C and 2D NMR). The absolute configurations of metaglyptins I, J, and O were determined by the ECD data and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The undescribed compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against HeLa, AGS, and MDA-MB-231 cancer cell lines. The results revealed that metaglyptin A exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against MDA-MB-231 cell line with IC50 value of 20.02 µM.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Cupressaceae/química , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Casca de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HeLa , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
4.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(5): e1900013, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30811806

RESUMO

Thirteen sesquiterpenes including eight new ones, magnodelavins A-H (1-8), were obtained from the 95 % ethanolic extract of the leaves of Magnolia delavayi Franch. The structures of the new compounds were determined by exhaustive 1 H-, 13 C-, 2D-NMR, UV, IR, and HR-ESI-MS data, as well as X-ray crystallographic analysis. Compounds 9 and 10 showed potent cytotoxic activities against HL-60, A-549, SMMC-7721, MCF-7, and SW480 human cancer cell lines in vitro using MTS assay.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Magnolia/química , Sesquiterpenos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Magnolia/metabolismo , Conformação Molecular , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
5.
Nat Prod Bioprospect ; 9(1): 69-74, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30607860

RESUMO

Isoselagintamarlin A (1), a selaginellin analogue featured a rare benzofuran unit, was isolated from Selaginella tamariscina. Its complete structural assignment was established through a combination of high-field NMR technique and biomimetic synthesis. Notably, isoselagintamarlin A (1) was successfully synthesized via sequential oxidations and intramolecular cyclization.

6.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 21(1): 17-24, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29373928

RESUMO

Three new Lycopodium alkaloids (1-3), together with 15 known alkaloids, were isolated from club moss Lycopodium japonicum. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis, including 1D and 2D NMR spectra. Compound 1 has an unusual ß-oriented methyl group substituted at C-15 and an α-hydroxy cyclopentenone moiety. All new alkaloids were evaluated for the inhibition of T-type calcium channel.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Lycopodium/química , Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/isolamento & purificação , Canais de Cálcio Tipo T/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
7.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2018 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30580629

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation on the pericarps of Illicium difengpi lead to the isolation and structure elucidation of a new sesquiterpene, sesquicaranoic acid C (1), a new neolignan, difengpiol C (2), and 10 known compounds. The structures and absolute configurations of two new compounds were determined by a combination of NMR and CD spectroscopic analyses. All isolates were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW264.7 cells.

8.
Phytochemistry ; 155: 182-190, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30145456

RESUMO

Nine previously undescribed sesquiterpenoids, named magnograndins A-I, as well as fourteen known ones, were obtained from the 70% acetone extract of the leaves of Magnolia grandiflora. Their structures were ascertained based on the spectroscopic evidences. The assignment of the relative configuration of magnograndin A was further confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. 1ß,10α-Epoxyparthenolide, parthenolide, and micheliolide exhibited potent cytotoxic activity against MDA-MB-468, AGS, HCT116, Hela, and MDA-MB-231 human cancer cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 1.76 to 16.11 µM. 1ß,10α-Epoxyparthenolide and micheliolide potently inhibited NF-κB transcriptional activity with IC50 of 13.92 and 8.95 µM, respectively. The expression levels of NF-κB downstream protein p65 and XIAP were clearly down-regulated in 1ß,10α-epoxyparthenolide and micheliolide treated cells, which demonstrated the inhibition of NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Magnolia/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Luciferases/antagonistas & inibidores , Luciferases/genética , Luciferases/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
9.
Nat Prod Bioprospect ; 8(3): 177-182, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29633187

RESUMO

A novel C17N Lycopodium alkaloid (LA), lycoplanine B (1), containing an unusual formyl group, along with two new LAs, lycoplanines C (2) and D (3), were isolated from the whole plant of Lycopodium complanatum. Their structures were elucidated by extensive NMR techniques, including 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments, as well as comparing their spectral data with those of the known analogues. A possible biogenetic pathway for 1 was also proposed.

10.
Fitoterapia ; 127: 367-374, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29625143

RESUMO

Four new neoclerodane diterpenoids, leucansalvialins FI (1-4), and one rare 18(4 → 3)-abeo-abietane diterpenoid, leucansalvialin J (5), were isolated from the aerial part of Salvia leucantha Cav., along with 14 known analogues. Leucansalvialin F (1) represents the first rearranged salvigenane type clerodane-17,12:18,6-diolide. Their structures were elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data analysis, and the absolute configurations of 1, 2, 3, and 5 were determinded by X-ray diffraction crystal analysis and the ECD technique. All of the isolated components were evaluated for their neurotrophic activities on PC12 cells and all new compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against five human cancer cell lines (HL-60, A-549, SMMC-7721, MCF-7, and SW480). Compounds 2 and 5 showed moderate neuroprotective effects in an in vitro assay.


Assuntos
/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/isolamento & purificação , Salvia/química , /farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Diterpenos Clerodânicos , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Células PC12 , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Ratos
11.
Chem Biodivers ; 15(5): e1800049, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29603623

RESUMO

Four new vibsane-type diterpenoids, vibsanol I (1), 15-hydroperoxyvibsanol A (2), 14-hydroperoxyvibsanol B (3), 15-O-methylvibsanin U (4), and a new natural product, 5,6-dihydrovibsanin B (5), as well as six known analogues, were isolated from the twigs and leaves of Viburnum odoratissimum. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses and chemical derivatization method. All compounds showed different levels of cytotoxicity against five cell lines (HL-60, A-549, SMMC-7721, MCF-7, and SW480). Remarkably, 14,18-O-diacetyl-15-O-methylvibsanin U (4a) showed significant cytotoxicity against HL-60, A-549, SMMC-7721, MCF-7, and SW480, with IC50 values of 0.15 ± 0.01, 0.69 ± 0.01, 0.41 ± 0.02, 0.75 ± 0.03, and 0.48 ± 0.03 µm, respectively. In addition, vibsanin K (10) was identified as a HSP90 inhibitor with an IC50 value of 19.16 µm.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/antagonistas & inibidores , Viburnum/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
12.
Chem Biodivers ; 15(6): e1800124, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29667782

RESUMO

Twelve new ent-labdane diterpenoids, hypofolins A - F (1 - 6) and hypofolins G - L (7a/7b, 8a/8b, and 9a/9b), were isolated from the roots of Hypoestes phyllostachya 'Pink Splash'. Their structures were elucidated by extensive 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic and HR-MS data. The absolute configurations of 1, 2, 5, and 7a/7b were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction and ECD analysis, as well as chemical transformations. Compounds 7a/7b, 8a/8b, and 9a/9b were isolated as three pairs of interconverting mixture of two isomers between ketone and hemiketal types. Compound 1 showed weak cytotoxicity against SMMC-7721 cell line with IC50 value of 31.40 µm.


Assuntos
Acanthaceae/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Células RAW 264.7 , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
13.
Chem Biodivers ; 15(4): e1800043, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29573148

RESUMO

Activity-guided fractionation strategy was used to investigate chemical constituents from the roots of Podocarpus macrophyllus. Successfully, two new norditerpenes, 2ß-hydroxymakilactone A (1) and 3ß-hydroxymakilactone A (2), along with ten known analogues (3 - 12) were isolated. The structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis including 1D-, 2D-NMR, and HR-ESI-MS data. The previously reported structure of 2,3-dihydro-2α-hydroxypodolide was revised as 2,3-dihydro-2ß-hydroxypodolide (3) by spectroscopic analysis, and was further confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis. Cytotoxic activities of all isolated compounds against five human solid tumour cell lines (AGS, HeLa, MDA-MB-231, HepG-2, and PANC-1) were evaluated. All of them exhibited anti-proliferative activities (IC50  = 0.3 - 27 µm), except for 10. Compounds 1, 4, 5, 6, and 8 exhibited potent inhibitory activities with IC50  < 1 µm against HeLa and AGS cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Traqueófitas/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
14.
Chem Biodivers ; 14(12)2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29139211

RESUMO

Twenty-eight protostane triterpenoids, including a new degraded one (1), nine new ones (2 - 10), and two new natural ones (11 and 12), have been isolated from the dried rhizomes of Alisma orientale. Alisol R (1) was the first 20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27-octanorprotostane triterpenoid. The absolute configurations of 25-methoxyalisol F (2) and 16ß-hydroperoxyalisol B 23-acetate (3) were determined by X-ray diffraction analysis. In addition, alismaketone-B 23-acetate (28) showed potent vasorelaxant activity on endothelium-intact thoracic aorta rings precontracted with KCl.


Assuntos
Alisma/química , Terpenos/química , 11-beta-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenases/antagonistas & inibidores , 11-beta-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenases/metabolismo , Alisma/metabolismo , Animais , Aorta/efeitos dos fármacos , Aorta/metabolismo , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Conformação Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Cloreto de Potássio/toxicidade , Ratos , Rizoma/química , Rizoma/metabolismo , Terpenos/metabolismo , Terpenos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Vasodilatadores/química , Vasodilatadores/isolamento & purificação , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia , Difração de Raios X
15.
Org Lett ; 19(17): 4668-4671, 2017 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28829141

RESUMO

Lycoplanine A (1), a Lycopodium alkaloid with a 6/9/5 tricyclic ring skeleton fused with the γ-lactone ring and featuring an unusual 1-oxa-6-azaspiro[4.4]nonane moiety and an unprecedented 3-azabicyclo[6.3.1]dodecane unit, was isolated from the club moss Lycopodium complanatum. The structure and absolute configuration of 1 were identified by a combination of NMR spectroscopic analysis and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Biological studies showed that 1 is a potent Cav3.1 T-type calcium channel (TTCC) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 6.06 µM.


Assuntos
Lycopodium , Alcaloides , Cristalografia por Raios X , Estrutura Molecular
16.
Nat Prod Bioprospect ; 7(5): 405-411, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28744720

RESUMO

Three new lycodine-type Lycopodium alkaloids, namely 1-methyllycodine (1), 8α-hydroxy-15,16-dehydro-des-N-methyl-α-obscurine (2), N-methyl-16-hydroxyhuperzine B (3), and one new natural lycodine-type Lycopodium alkaloid, N-methylhuperzine A (4), along with 11 known analogues (5-15), were isolated from the whole plants of club moss Huperzia serrata. The structures of 1-4 were elucidated on the basis of NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometry data. Among them, compound 1 was the first lycodine-type alkaloid possessing a methyl group at C-1. In addition, the structure of 5 was confirmed by the single-crystal X-ray crystallography data and its 13C NMR was reported for the first time in current study. Compounds 1-5 were tested their BACE1 inhibitory activity.

17.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 65(4): 403-407, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28381681

RESUMO

Twelve guaiane-type sesquiterpenoids, including four new ones, 10-O-methyl-orientalol A (1), 10-O-ethyl-alismoxide (2), 3ß,4ß-expoxy-chrysothol (3), orientalol G (4), and a new norsesquiterpenoid, orientalol H (5), were isolated from Chinese Alismatis Rhizoma, the dried rhizome of Alisma orientale. The structures of new compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data. Moreover, the inhibition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW264.7 cells of all compounds was tested.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Rizoma/química , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Conformação Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano/química , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano/isolamento & purificação
18.
Yao Xue Xue Bao ; 52(2): 279-82, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29979518

RESUMO

Five cassane diterpenes were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the seeds of Caesalpinia bonduc (Leguminosea) by a combination of various chromatographic methods, including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative HPLC. On the basis of spectroscopic techniques, their structures were identified as 3ß-acetoxy-cassa-12,14(17),15-trien-7ß-ol (1), caesalmin C (2), caesall E (3), caesalpinin MJ (4), and 1-deacetylcaesalmin C (5). Among them, compound 1 is a new compound and 2, 4, 5 were isolated from the plant for the first time.


Assuntos
Caesalpinia/química , Diterpenos/química , Sementes/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química
19.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 19(7): 666-672, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27989219

RESUMO

A rare carotane-type sesquiterpenoid, forkienin A (1), a new eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoid, forkienin B (2), and a new natural eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoid, forkienin C (3), were isolated from the twigs and leaves of Fokienia hodginsii, along with eight known sesquiterpenoids. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated on the basis of their spectroscopic analysis, including 1D and 2D NMR methods. All compounds were evaluated for cytotoxicity against HL-60, SMMC-7721, A-549, MCF-7, and SW480 cell lines.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Folhas de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/química , Sesquiterpenos de Eudesmano/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos de Eudesmano/química , Sesquiterpenos de Eudesmano/farmacologia
20.
Fitoterapia ; 116: 116-120, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27908800

RESUMO

Sauruchinenols A (1) and B (2), two novel monocyclic diterpenes with unique carbon skeleton, as well as two new structurally related diterpenes, sauruchinenols C (3) and D (4), were isolated from the aerial part of Saururus chinensis. Their structures were elucidated based on the analysis of spectroscopic data. A hypothetical biogenetic pathway for sauruchinenols A and B was proposed.


Assuntos
Diterpenos/química , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Saururaceae/química , Animais , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7
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