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1.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(1): 1-6, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868484

RESUMO

Mixed reality (MR) technology is a new digital holographic image technology, which appears in the field of graphics after virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) technology, a new interdisciplinary frontier. As a new generation of technology, MR has attracted great attention of clinicians in recent years. The emergence of MR will bring about revolutionary changes in medical education training, medical research, medical communication, and clinical treatment. At present, MR technology has become the popular frontline information technology for medical applications. With the popularization of digital technology in the medical field, the development prospects of MR are inestimable. The purpose of this review article is to introduce the application of MR technology in the medical field and prospect its trend in the future.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Educação Médica/métodos , Simulação por Computador , Holografia , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional , Realidade Virtual
2.
Biochimie ; 139: 74-80, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28559201

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is a chronic disease associated with the degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM). Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 is a major enzyme that mediates the degradation of ECM components. MMP-13 has been predicted to be a potential target of miR-127-5p. However, the exact function of miR-127-5p in IDD is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: We designed this study to evaluate the correlation between miR-127-5p level and the degeneration of human intervertebral discs and explore the potential mechanisms. METHODS: miR-127-5p levels and MMP-13 mRNA levels were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). To determine whether MMP-13 is a target of miR-127-5p, dual luciferase reporter assays were performed. miR-127-5p mimic and miR-127-5p inhibitor were used to overexpress or downregulate miR-127-5p expression in human NP cells, respectively. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) was used to knock down MMP-13 expression in human NP cells. Type II collagen expression in human NP cells was detected by qPCR, western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: We confirmed that miR-127-5p was significantly downregulated in nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue of degenerative discs and its expression was inversely correlated with MMP-13 mRNA levels. We reveal that MMP-13 may act as a target of miR-127-5p. Expression of miR-127-5p was inversely correlated with type II collagen expression in human NP cells. Moreover, suppression of MMP-13 expression by siRNA blocked downstream signaling and increased type II collagen expression. CONCLUSION: Dysregulated miR-127-5p contributed to the degradation of type II collagen by targeting MMP-13 in human IDD. Our findings highlight that miR-127-5p may serve as a new therapeutic target in IDD.


Assuntos
Colágeno Tipo II/metabolismo , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Western Blotting , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Colágeno Tipo II/genética , Feminino , Imunofluorescência , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/genética , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteólise , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Adulto Jovem
3.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 42(14): E848-E854, 2017 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27879576

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of clinical records. OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the improvement in sagittal balance after one- or two-level closing wedge osteotomy for correcting thoracolumbar kyphosis secondary to ankylosing spondylitis (AS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Closing wedge osteotomy represents a common approach to correct kyphosis in AS. Although several reports have described the outcomes of one- or two-level closing wedge osteotomy in terms of sagittal parameters, data comparing the outcomes of these procedures are scarce. METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2014, 22 patients with AS underwent closing wedge osteotomy (one-level, 12 patients; two-level, 10 patients) for correcting thoracolumbar kyphosis (mean follow-up, 24.8 months; range, 12-60 months). Preoperative and postoperative chin-brow vertical angle, and the sagittal parameters of the vertebral osteotomy segment were documented and compared. Perioperative and postoperative complications were also recorded. RESULTS: The chin-brow vertical angle improved significantly, from 55.0°â€Š±â€Š27.3° to 4.7°â€Š±â€Š4.9° and from 38.2°â€Š±â€Š14.9° to 3.2°â€Š±â€Š5.4° in the one-level and two-level groups, respectively. The total correction (thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis) was 32.8°â€Š±â€Š18.2° and 53.7°â€Š±â€Š9.4° in the one-level and two-level groups, respectively. No death, complete paralysis, or vascular complications occurred during the procedure, but cerebrospinal fluid leak was noted in one and two patients from the one-level and two-level groups, respectively. A distal pedicle screw adjacent to the osteotomy segment became loose during surgery in one patient (one-level group). Postoperatively, no transient neurological deficit, infection, delay union, or loosening or breaking of the internal fixation devices was observed. Osteotomy site fusion was achieved in all patients, and the Oswestry Disability Index scores improved significantly. CONCLUSION: Closing wedge osteotomy is effective and safe for correcting thoracolumbar kyphosis in patients with AS. Significant correction and improvement in all sagittal parameters were noted in both groups, but two-level closing wedge osteotomy provided better correction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.


Assuntos
Cifose/cirurgia , Osteotomia/métodos , Espondilite Anquilosante/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Cifose/diagnóstico por imagem , Cifose/etiologia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci ; 35(4): 563-568, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26223928

RESUMO

Traumatic gas gangrene is a fatal infection mainly caused by Clostridium perfringens. It is a challenge to manage gas gangrene in open wounds and control infection after debridement or amputation. The aim of the present study was to use vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) with continuous irrigation of potassium permanganate to manage infective wounds of gas gangrene and observe its clinical efficacy. A total of 48 patients with open traumatic gas gangrene infection were included in this study. Amputations were done for 27 patients, and limb salvage procedures were performed for the others. After amputation or aggressive debridement, the VSD system, including polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) foam dressing and polyurethane (PU) film, with continuous irrigation of 1:5000 potassium permanganate solutions, was applied to the wounds. During the follow-up, all the patients healed without recurrence within 8-18 months. There were four complications. Cardiac arrest during amputation surgery occurred in one patient who suffered from severe septic shock. Emergent resuscitation was performed and the patient returned to stable condition. One patient suffered from mixed infection of Staphylococcal aureus, and a second-stage debridement was performed. One patient suffered from severe pain of the limb after the debridement. Exploratory operation was done and the possible reason was trauma of a local peripheral nerve. Three cases of crush syndrome had dialysis treatment for concomitant renal failure. In conclusion, VSD can convert open wound to closed wound, and evacuate necrotic tissues. Furthermore, potassium permanganate solutions help eliminate anaerobic microenvironment and achieve good therapeutic effect on gas gangrene and mixed infection. VSD with continuous irrigation of potassium permanganate is a novel, simple and feasible alternative for severe traumatic open wounds with gas gangrene infection.


Assuntos
Gangrena Gasosa/terapia , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa/métodos , Permanganato de Potássio/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Drenagem , Feminino , Gangrena Gasosa/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Irrigação Terapêutica , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Orthop Surg ; 1(1): 42-6, 2009 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22009780

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head by structural augmentation through a routine core decompression procedure combined with insertion of cannulated bone screws incorporating autogenous bone graft and biomaterial containing decalcified bone matrix. METHODS: From February 2002 to February 2005, 31 patients (33 hips) with femoral head necrosis were treated in our hospital using insertion of cannulated bone screws incorporating autogenous bone graft. There were 18 men and 13 women with an average age of 37 years (range, 27-49). The Steinberg classification was stage I for 20 hips (61%) and stage II for 13 hips (39%). Clinical and radiographic evaluations were performed on all patients. The patient's satisfaction was also assessed. RESULTS: All 31 patients (33 hips) were retrospectively studied after a mean follow-up of 38 months (range, 18-48). The average Harris hip score was 76 before surgery and 91 at the final follow-up. All patients stated that they were satisfied and had significantly reduced pain. According to the Harris hip score system, 21 cases were excellent, 8 good and 2 fair. No complications, such as wound infection, subtrochanteric fracture, neuropathy and deep vein thrombosis, were found. CONCLUSION: Structural augmentation using the insertion of cannulated bone screws incorporating autogenous bone graft is an effective option for Steinberg I-II stages of femoral head necrosis. Further study is needed to confirm mid- and long-term results.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
6.
J Neurotrauma ; 24(9): 1502-12, 2007 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17892411

RESUMO

Recent studies confirmed that the new cell survival signal pathway of Insulin-PI3K-Akt exerted cyto-protective actions involving anti-apoptosis. This study was undertaken to investigate the potential neuroprotective effects of insulin in the pathogenesis of spinal cord injury (SCI) and evaluate its therapeutic effects in adult rats. SCI was produced by extradural compression using modified Allen's stall with damage energy of 40 g-cm force. One group of rats was subjected to SCI in combination with the administration of recombinant human insulin dissolved in 50% glucose solution at the dose of 1 IU/kg day, for 7 days. At the same time, another group of rats was subjected to SCI in combination with the administration of an equal volume of sterile saline solution. Functional recovery was evaluated using open-field walking, inclined plane tests, and motor evoked potentials (MEPs) during the first 14 days post-trauma. Levels of protein for B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 gene (Bcl-2), Caspase-3, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) were quantified in the injured spinal cord by Western blot analysis. Neuronal apoptosis was detected by TUNEL, and spinal cord blood flow (SCBF) was measured by laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF). Ultimately, the data established the effectiveness of insulin treatment in improving neurologic recovery, increasing the expression of anti-apoptotic bcl-2 proteins, inhibiting caspase-3 expression decreasing neuronal apoptosis, reducing the expression of proinflammatory cytokines iNOS and COX-2, and ameliorating microcirculation of injured spinal cord after moderate contusive SCI in rats. In sum, this study reported the beneficial effects of insulin in the treatment of SCI, with the suggestion that insulin should be considered as a potential therapeutic agent.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Western Blotting , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Fluxometria por Laser-Doppler , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/patologia
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