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1.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36693441

RESUMO

Myocardial injury is a serious complication of sepsis associated with high morbidity and mortality. Our previous work has confirmed that silibinin (SIL) alleviates septic myocardial injury, but the specific molecular mechanism has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to identify its potential targets through network pharmacology combined with experimental verification. Firstly, a total of 29 overlapping genes between sepsis and SIL targets were obtained from RNA-seq analysis and known databases. Subsequently, KEGG and GO analysis showed that these genes were enriched in immune response and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathways. Notably, CCR2 was identified as an important candidate hub by protein-protein interaction analysis and molecular docking approach. In vivo experiments showed that SIL treatment significantly improved survival rate and cardiac function indicators in septic mice, accompanied by decreased CCR2 expression. Moreover, in vitro experiments obtained the similar results. Especially, CCR2 siRNA attenuated inflammation response. In conclusion, this study systematically elucidated the key target of SIL in the treatment of septic myocardial injury. These findings provide valuable insights into the targets of sepsis and offer new avenues for exploring drug effect systematically.

2.
Biomark Res ; 11(1): 11, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694231

RESUMO

BRAF mutations are the oncogenic drivers in colorectal cancer and V600 mutations (Class1), which lead to RAS-independent active monomers, are the most common mutation types. BRAF non-V600 mutants can be further classified as RAS-independent active dimers (Class2) and RAS-dependent impaired kinase (Class3). We retrospectively reviewed the mutational profiles of 328 treatment-naïve colorectal tumors with BRAF mutations detected using capture-based hybrid next-generation sequencing targeting 400 + cancer-related genes. The clinical and genetic distinctions of patients harboring Class1/2/3 BRAF mutations were investigated, which revealed that tumors with Class1 BRAF mutations showed more unique genomic profiles than those with Class2/3 mutations. Also, by using an external dataset from cBioPortal, we demonstrated that patients with Class3 BRAF mutations had the best survival outcomes compared to the other two subgroups. These findings promoted the development of anti-BRAF strategies by distinguishing BRAF mutant subgroups.

3.
J Dermatol ; 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694424

RESUMO

Epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa (EBP) is a rare variant of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa caused by COL7A1 gene mutation. Intense pruritus and nodular prurigo-like lesions are the main features of the disease. To date, the treatment strategies for this condition are not well established. Recent studies have indicated that type 2 inflammation plays a role in the pathophysiology of EBP, suggesting Th2 cytokines could be potential therapeutic targets. In this prospective case series study, we reported three patients with EBP, diagnosed by clinical manifestations, histopathological evaluations, and genetic sequencing, two of whom were treated with dupilumab for 20 weeks. Results showed that the clinical symptoms, pruritus, and quality of life of the patients were significantly improved, as measured by the Epidermolysis Bullosa Disease Activity and Scarring Index, the Visual Analog Scale, and the Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index. Serum immunoglobulin E levels also fell gradually over the 20-week treatment period. Immunotyping of Th1/2/17 cell subsets in peripheral blood by flow cytometry revealed a higher Th2 but parallel Th1 and Th17 cell subsets in patients compared to healthy controls, and a significant decrease in Th2 and an increase in Th17 cells after dupilumab administration. Of note, after 20 weeks of dupilumab treatment, the expression of type VII collagen in the basement membrane of the skin lesion of the patients significantly increased, which was evidenced by immunofluorescence analysis. No treatment-related adverse events were documented. Taken together, targeting type 2 inflammation with dupilumab may be an effective and safe treatment option for EBP.

4.
Ther Adv Chronic Dis ; 14: 20406223221143233, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36687666

RESUMO

Background: Elevated arterial stiffness in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) can be reversed after adrenalectomy; however, the effect of medical treatment with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (MRAs) is unknown. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of MRAs and compare both treatment strategies on arterial stiffness in PA patients. Design: Prospective cohort study. Methods: We prospectively enrolled PA patients from 2006 to 2019 who received either adrenalectomy or MRA treatment (spironolactone). We compared their baseline and 1-year post-treatment biochemistry characteristics and arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV) to verify the effects of treatment and related determinant factors. Results: A total 459 PA patients were enrolled. After 1:1 propensity score matching for age, sex and blood pressure (BP), each group had 176 patients. The major determinant factors of baseline PWV were age and baseline BP. The adrenalectomy group had greater improvements in BP, serum potassium level, plasma aldosterone concentration, and aldosterone-to-renin ratio. The MRA group had a significant improvement in PWV after 1 year of treatment (1706.2 ± 340.05 to 1613.6 ± 349.51 cm/s, p < 0.001). There were no significant differences in post-treatment PWV (p = 0.173) and improvement in PWV (p = 0.579) between the adrenalectomy and MRA groups. The determinant factors for an improvement in PWV after treatment were hypertension duration, baseline PWV, and the decrease in BP. Conclusion: The PA patients who received medical treatment with MRAs had a significant improvement in arterial stiffness. There was no significant difference in the improvement in arterial stiffness between the two treatment strategies.

5.
J Environ Manage ; 330: 117103, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603249

RESUMO

Dredged sediments derived from eutrophicated lakes poses hardness of sludge disposal and ecological risks. The proper pretreatment and utilization of dredged sediments presented a challenge. In this study, Dianchi Lake sediments were dredged, thermally treated and utilized as particle capping material in batch experiments. The effects of calcination on phosphorus speciation and sediment-water interface environment as well as P immobility mechanism were predominantly explored. The microstructures and chemical compositions of calcined sediments were investigated, indicating the porosity and mineralization components were greatly enhanced. The fractional analysis of phosphorus revealed that the calcination process reduced the percentage of unsteady phosphorus, transforming into stable inert phosphorus fractions (Al-P, Ca-P and Res-P), respectively, thereby minimized its mobility and eutrophication risk. Interestingly, calcination temperatures of 700 °C and 800 °C resulted in smaller releasing potentials and equilibrium phosphorus concentrations, despite having lower adsorption capacities than 550 °C. Furthermore, the results of redox potential monitoring showed that the thermally treated Dianchi Lake sediments could enhance the redox potential and dissolved oxygen in the surface sediment, indicating the amelioration of interfacial environment. The practical monitoring experiments confirmed the capping depressed the DTP to 0.031 mg L-1. The investigation of this study provided explicit evidence of Ca coupled P and aerobic Fe bound P strengthened the immobilization effects, and the development of sediment calcination demonstrates a promising strategy for alleviating the burden of endogenous pollution and improving aerobic environment, which are of great significance for lake ecological remediation.

6.
Biotechnol Genet Eng Rev ; : 1-11, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36606759

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene-specific methylation and recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). METHODS: A total of 50 RSA patients who visited our hospital were recruited in the study group; 50 multiparous women who underwent physical examinations during the same period were enrolled in the control group. The levels of homocysteine, folic acid, and vitamin B12 and their MTHFR gene polymorphism and specific methylation were measured in both groups. The Logistic regression equation was used to analyze the correlation between MTHFR gene-specific methylation and RSA. RESULTS: The methylated allele MM was not found in the control group, and the frequency in the study group was 1.19%. The frequency of the MU genotype in the study group 32.93% was higher than that in the control group 12.45%. The frequency of methylated alleles of CC and CT genotypes carrying MTHFR C677T polymorphism in the study group was higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the TT genotype between the two groups (P > 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis exhibited that patients with methylated alleles of CC genotype had a risk of RSA increased by 1.167 times, and the risk increased by 2.500 times in patients with methylated alleles of CT genotype (P < 0.05). 83.33% of RSA patients carrying methylated alleles affected hyperhomocysteinemia. In patients with elevated homocysteine levels, the risk of RSA caused by methylated allele was significantly increased by 7.321 times. CONCLUSION: MTHFR gene-specific methylation can significantly increase the risk of RSA.

7.
Plant Dis ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627799

RESUMO

Tetrapanax papyriferus is an evergreen shrub native to China and traditionally used as a herbal medicine (Li et al., 2021). In September 2021, a serious leaf spot disease with symptoms similar to anthracnose was extensively observed on T. papyriferus in Shibing county (E 127°12'0", N 25°11'60"), Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture, Guizhou province, China. Field surveys were conducted in about 1000 T. papyriferus plants in Shibing in September 2021. The incidence of the leaf spot on leaves was 45% to 60%, significantly reducing the quality of medicinal materials. The symptoms began as small yellow spots, developing a brown center and dark brown to black margin, and eventually the diseased leaves were wiltered and rotted. Symptomatic leaves were collected from 20 trees. Symptomatic tissue from diseased leaves was surface desinfected (0.5 min in 75% ethanol and 1 min in 3% NaOCl, washed three times with sterilized distilled water), small pieces of symptomatic leaf tissue (0.2 × 0.2 cm) were plated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) and incubated at 25°C for about 7 days (Fang. 2007). Three single-spore isolates were obtained (GUTC37, GUTC310 and GUTC311) and deposited in the collection of the Plant Pathology Deparment, College of Agriculture, Guizhou University, China (GUCC) (with the accession numbers, GUCC220241, GUCC220242, GUCC220243 respectively). These isolates were identical in morphology and in the sequences of internal transcribed spacer region [ITS], glyceraldehy-3-phosphate dehydrogenase [GAPDH], chitin synthase [CHS-1], actin [ACT], and calmodulin [CAL] genes (White et al. 1990; Carbone and Kohn 1999; Templeton et al. 1992). Therefore, the representative isolate GUTC37 was used for further analysis. The pathogenicity of GUTC37 was tested through a pot assay. Plants were inoculated by spraying a spore suspension (106 spores·ml-1) of isolated strains onto leaves until runoff, and the control leaves sprayed with sterile water. The inoculated plants were incubated in a growth chamber at 28 ℃ and 95% relative humidity for 10 days. Pathogenicity tests were repeated three times (Fang. 2007). The symptoms developed on the inoculated leaves, while control remained asymptomatic. The lesions were first visible 72 h after inoculation, and typical lesions like those observed on field plants appeared after 10 days. The same fungus was reisolated and identified based on the morphological characterization and molecular analyses from the infected leaves but not from the non-inoculated leaves. Results of pathogenicity experiments of isolated fungi fulfilled Koch's postulates. Fungal colonies on PDA were villiform, creamy-white or greyish, aerial mycelium pale grey, dense, surface partly covered with orange conidial masses. The conidia were abundant, oval-ellipsoid, aseptate, and 13.89 (11.62 to 15.21) × 5.21 (4.39 to 5.65) µm (n=50). Appressorium were greyish green, nearly ovoid to cylindrical, 9.64 (6.62 to 14.61) × 6.33 (5.45-7.72) µm (n=50). The morphological features were consistent with the descriptions of Colletotrichum fructicola Prihast., L. Cai & K.D. Hyde (Prihastuti et al. 2009). The pathogen was identified to be C. fructicola by amplification and sequencing of the five genes. The sequences of the PCR products were deposited in GenBank with accession numbers OP143657 (ITS), OP177868 (GAPDH), OP177865 (CHS-1), OP278677 (ACT) and OP177862 (CAL). BLAST searches of the obtained sequences revealed 100% (509/509 nucleotides), 99.63% (269/270 nucleotides), 99.31% (287/289 nucleotides), 99.29% (280/282 nucleotides), and 99.86% (728/729 nucleotides) homology with those of C. fructicola in GenBank (JX010165, JX010033, JX009866, FJ907426, and JX009676, respectively). Phylogenetic analysis (MEGA 7.0) using the maximum likelihood method placed the isolate GUTC37 in a well-supported cluster with C. fructicola. To our knowledge, this is the first report of anthracnose on T. papyriferus caused by C. fructicola in Guizhou, China. This study provides valuable information for the identification and control of the anthracnose on T. papyriferus.

8.
Cancer Med ; 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36622089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large fragment deletion (LFD) of EGFR was associated with carcinogenesis in many types of cancers. However, the molecular features of EGFR-LFD have not been studied in the Asian cancer population. METHOD: Here we retrospectively analyzed the targeted sequencing data from a large cancer database. RESULTS: EGFR-LFD was detected at a frequency of 0.03% with EGFRvIII being the most frequently observed LFD. TERTp variants were identified in 60% of the cases. TP53 alterations (33%) were mutually exclusive with TERTp variants and coexisted with EGFR-LFD in lung cancer and colorectal cancer. EGFR amplification (67%) and chromosome 10p deletion (53%) were the most focal-level and arm-level CNV in this cohort. EGFR exon2-17 skipping was found in the tumor tissue of one patient after progressing on osimertinib. CONCLUSION: Our study provided valuable insights into the distribution and molecular characteristics of EGFR-LFD, hoping to shed light on the treatment management for EGFR-LFD carriers.

9.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669544

RESUMO

Cardiac dysfunction is a common complication in patients with sepsis triggering high morbidity and mortality. Lycorine (LYC), the main effective monomer component extracted from Lycoris bulbs, possesses antiviral, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, liver protection properties. In this study, the effect of LYC pre- and post-treatment as well as the underlying mechanism were evaluated in the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model of BALB/c mice. The survival rate, anal temperature, sepsis score, blood biochemical/routine indicators, cardiac function and structure, sepsis-related pathophysiological processes, and AMPK signaling in septic mice were observed by echocardiography, histological staining, western blot, qPCR, and etc. LYC pretreatment attenuated myocardial injury in septic mice by reducing inflammation, inhibiting oxidative stress, improving mitochondrial function, modulating endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and activating AMPK pathway. In particular, AMPK deficiency and AMPK inhibitor (Compound C) partially reversed the protective effects of LYC in septic mice. In addition, LYC posttreatment also has slight protective phenotypes on septic myocardial injury, but the effect is not as ideal as pretreatment. Taken together, these findings suggest that LYC may be a potential drug for the treatment of sepsis.

10.
Bioeng Transl Med ; 8(1): e10384, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36684068

RESUMO

Sepsis causes multiple organ injuries, among which the heart is one most severely damaged organ. Melatonin (MEL) alleviates septic myocardial injury, although a systematic and comprehensive approach is still lacking to understand the precise protective machinery of MEL. This study aimed to examine the underlying mechanisms of MEL on improvement of septic myocardial injury at a systematic level. This study integrated three analytic modalities including database investigations, RNA-seq analysis, and weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WCGNA), in order to acquire a set of genes associated with the pathogenesis of sepsis. The Drugbank database was employed to predict genes that may serve as pharmacological targets for MEL-elicited benefits, if any. A pharmacological protein-protein interaction network was subsequently constructed, and 66 hub genes were captured which were enriched in a variety of immune response pathways. Notably, PIK3CG, one of the hub genes, displayed high topological characteristic values, strongly suggesting its promise as a novel target for MEL-evoked treatment of septic myocardial injury. Importantly, molecular docking simulation experiments as well as in vitro and in vivo studies supported an essential role for PIK3CG in MEL-elicited effect on septic myocardial injury. This study systematically clarified the mechanisms of MEL intervention in septic myocardial injury involved multiple targets and multiple pathways. Moreover, PIK3CG-governed signaling cascade plays an important role in the etiology of sepsis and septic myocardial injury. Findings from our study provide valuable information on novel intervention targets for the management of septic myocardial injury. More importantly, this study has indicated the utility of combining a series of techniques for disease target discovery and exploration of possible drug targets, which should shed some light on elucidation of experimental and clinical drug action mechanisms systematically.

11.
J Dent Sci ; 18(1): 310-321, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36643256

RESUMO

Background/purpose: Periodontitis is a prevalent infectious inflammatory disease. Growing evidence has revealed important roles for circular RNAs (circRNAs) and circRNA sponge activity in periodontitis. Here, we elucidated the precise part of circ_0097010 in periodontitis pathogenesis. Materials and methods: Human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) were exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Cell viability, proliferation and apoptosis were evaluated by CCK-8 assay, EdU incorporation assay and flow cytometry, respectively. Circ_0097010, microRNA (miR)-769-5p and Krüppel like factor 6 (KLF6) were quantified by qRT-PCR and Western blot. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) level, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) secretion, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) level were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Dual-luciferase reporter, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and RNA pull-down assays were used to confirm the direct relationship between miR-769-5p and circ_0097010 or KLF6. Results: Our data showed that LPS repressed cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis and inflammation in hPDLCs. Circ_0097010 was upregulated in periodontitis samples and LPS-exposed hPDLCs. Downregulation of circ_0097010 exerted anti-apoptosis and anti-inflammation functions in LPS-exposed hPDLCs. Mechanistically, circ_0097010 acted as a miR-769-5p sponge, and reduced abundance of miR-769-5p reversed the anti-apoptosis and anti-inflammation effects of circ_0097010 suppression. KLF6 was a direct miR-769-5p target, and miR-769-5p-mediated inhibition of KLF6 possessed anti-apoptosis and anti-inflammation functions in LPS-induced hPDLCs. Moreover, circ_0097010 controlled KLF6 expression by miR-769-5p. Conclusion: These data identify circ_0097010 as a key regulator of LPS-induced inflammation and apoptosis in hPDLCs and highlight a novel mechanism of circ_0097010 regulation through miR-769-5p/KLF6 axis.

12.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 305: 116128, 2023 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623754

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Myocardial fibrosis (MF) is a common pathological manifestation of many cardiovascular diseases at a certain stage, with excessive accumulation of collagen fibers, excessive increase in collagen content, and a significant increase in collagen volume as the main pathological changes. There are currently no effective drugs for the treatment of myocardial fibrosis. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the main component of the medical practice used for more than 5000 years, especially in China, often exerts a wider action spectrum than previously attempted options in treating human diseases. In recent times, the great potential of TCM in the treatment of MF has received much attention. Especially many experimental studies on the treatment of MF by Astragalus mongholicus Bunge have been conducted, and the effect is remarkable, which may provide more comprehensive database and theoretical support for the application of Astragalus mongholicus Bunge in the treatment of MF and could be considered a promising candidate drug for preventing MF. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review summarizes the chemical components of Astragalus mongholicus Bunge, Astragalus mongholicus Bunge extract, Astragalus mongholicus Bunge single prescription, and Astragalus mongholicus Bunge compound preparation in the treatment of MF, and provides comprehensive information and a reliable basis for the exploration of new treatment strategies of botanical drugs in the therapy of MF. METHODS: The literature information was obtained from the scientific databases on ethnobotany and ethnomedicines (up to August 2022), mainly from the PubMed, Web of Science, and CNKI databases. The experimental studies on the anti-myocardial fibrosis role of the effective active components of Astragalus mongholicus Bunge and the utility of its compound preparation and the involved mechanisms were identified. The search keywords for such work included: "myocardial fibrosis" or "Cardiac fibrosis ", and "Astragalus mongholicus Bunge", "extract," or "herb". RESULTS: Several studies have shown that the effective active components of Astragalus mongholicus Bunge and its formulas, particularly Astragaloside IV, Astragalus polysaccharide, total saponins of Astragalus mongholicus Bunge, triterpenoid saponins of Astragalus mongholicus Bunge, and cycloastragenol, exhibit potential benefits against MF, the mechanisms of which appear to involve the regulation of inflammation, oxidant stress, and pro-fibrotic signaling pathways, etc. Conclusion: These research works have shown the therapeutic benefits of Astragalus mongholicus Bunge in the treatment of MF. However, further research should be undertaken to clarify the unconfirmed chemical composition and regulatory mechanisms, conduct standard clinical trials, and evaluate the possible side effects. The insights in the present review provided rich ideas for developing new anti-MF drugs. THESIS: Myocardial fibrosis (MF) with excessive accumulation of collagen fibers, excessive increase in collagen content, and a significant increase in collagen volume as the main pathological changes is a common pathological manifestation of many cardiovascular diseases at a certain stage, which seriously affects cardiac function. At present, there is still a lack of effective drugs for the treatment of MF. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the main component of the medical practice used for more than 5000 years especially in China, often exerts wider action spectrum than previously attempted options in treating human diseases. In recent times, the great potential of TCM in the treatment of MF has received much attention. Especially many experimental studies on the treatment of MF by Astragalus mongholicus Bunge have been conducted, and the effect is remarkable, which may provide more comprehensive data base and theoretical support for the application of Astragalus mongholicus Bunge in the treatment of MF and could be considered a promising candidate drug for preventing MF.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Saponinas , Humanos , Astragalus propinquus/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose , Saponinas/química
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(1): e32589, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607848

RESUMO

Most studies on human lung infection have been performed using animal models, formalin or other fixed tissues, and in vitro cultures of established cell lines. However, the experimental data and results obtained from these studies may not completely represent the complicated molecular events that take place in intact human lung tissue in vivo. The newly developed ex vivo short-term tissue culture model can mimic the in vivo microenvironment of humans and allow investigations of different cell types that closely interact with each other in intact human lung tissues. Therefore, this kind of model may be a promising tool for future studies of different human lung infections, owing to its special advantages in providing more realistic events that occur in vivo. In this review, we have summarized the preliminary applications of this novel short-term ex vivo tissue culture model, with a particular emphasis on its applications in some common human lung infections.


Assuntos
Pulmão , Animais , Humanos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Modelos Animais
14.
Chem Biodivers ; 20(1): e202200999, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36484459

RESUMO

Five unknown labdane diterpenoids Stevelins A-E (1-5), three known labdane diterpenoids (6-8) and three labdane norditerpenoids (9-11) were isolated from the Stevia rebaudiana. The structures were determined primarily via NMR spectroscopic data and HR-ESI-MS experiments. X-ray crystallography using CuKα radiation was used to determine the absolute configurations of 1, and the absolute configurations of 2-5 were deduced by electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. The potential anti-atherosclerosis activities of all compounds were evaluated by measuring their inhibitory effects on the macrophage foam cell formation. As a result, most isolated compounds could significantly inhibit oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced macrophage foam cell formation, which suggests that these compounds may be promising candidates in the treatment for atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Diterpenos , Stevia , Estrutura Molecular , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Dicroísmo Circular
15.
Exp Cell Res ; 422(1): 113440, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36481206

RESUMO

The limited cardiomyocyte proliferation is insufficient for repair of the myocardium. Therefore, activating cardiomyocyte proliferation might be a reasonable option for myocardial regeneration. Here, we investigated effect of retinoic acid (RA) on inducing adult cardiomyocyte proliferation and assessed efficacy of self-assembling peptide (SAP)-released RA in activating regeneration of the infarcted myocardium. Effect of RA on inducing cardiomyocyte proliferation was examined with the isolated cardiomyocytes. Expression of the cell cycle-associated genes and paracrine factors in the infarcted myocardium was examined at one week after treatment with SAP-carried RA. Cardiomyocyte proliferation, myocardial regeneration and improvement of cardiac function were assessed at four weeks after treatment. In the adult rat myocardium, expression of RA synthetase gene Raldh2 and RA concentration were decreased significantly. After treatment with RA, the proliferated cardiomyocytes were increased. The formulated SAP could sustainedly release RA. After treatment with SAP-carried RA, expression of the pro-proliferative genes in cell cycle and paracrine factors in the infarcted myocardium were up-regulated. Myocardial regeneration was enhanced, and cardiac function was improved significantly. These results demonstrate that RA can induce adult cardiomyocytes to proliferate effectively. The sustained release of RA with SAP is a promise strategy to enhance repair of the infarcted myocardium.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Miócitos Cardíacos , Ratos , Animais , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Tretinoína/farmacologia , Tretinoína/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células
16.
Europace ; 2022 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36514946

RESUMO

AIMS: Fascicular ventricle tachycardia (FVT) arising from the proximal aspect of left His-Purkinje system (HPS) has not been specially addressed. Current study was to investigate its clinical, electrocardiographic, and electrophysiological characteristics. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen patients who were identified as this rare FVT were consecutively enrolled, and their scalar electrocardiogram and electrophysiological data were collected and analysed. The ventricular tachycardia (VT) morphology was similar to sinus rhythm (SR) in eight patients, left bundle branch block type in one patient, right bundle branch block type in seven patients, and both narrow and wide QRS type in two patients. During VT, right-sided His potential preceded the QRS with His-ventricle (H-V) interval of 36.3 ± 12.4 ms, which was shorter than that during SR (-51.4 ± 8.6 ms) (P = 0.002). The earliest Purkinje potentials (PPs) were recorded within 7 ± 3 mm of left-side His and preceded the QRS by 49.1 ± 14.0 ms. Mapping along the left anterior fascicle and left posterior fascicle revealed an antegrade activation sequence in all with no P1 potentials recorded. In the two patients with two VT morphologies, the earliest PP was documented at the same site, and the activation sequence of HPS remained antegrade. Ablation at the earliest PP successfully eliminated the tachycardia, except one patient who developed complete atrial-ventricular block and two patients who abandoned ablations. After at least 12 months follow-up, 15 patients were free from any recurrences. CONCLUSIONS: Fascicular ventricle tachycardia arising from the proximal aspect of left HPS was featured by recording slightly shorter H-V interval and absence of P1 potentials. Termination of VT requires ablation at the left-sided His or its adjacent region.

17.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 24(1): 277, 2022 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36564853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis patients usually suffer from arthritic chronic pain. However, due to an incomplete understanding of the mechanisms underlying autoimmune disorders, the management of arthritic pain is unsatisfactory. Here, we investigated the analgesic effect and underlying mechanism of the natural flavonoid naringenin (NAR) in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) pain. METHODS: NAR was injected (i.p.) once per day for 42 days after initial immunization, and rats were sacrificed on the 28th (the 21st day after final immunization, PID 21) and 42nd days (PID 35). The inflammatory factors, central sensitization indicators, and CRMP2 phosphorylation, as well as the anti-rheumatoid activity and analgesic effect of NAR, were further investigated. RESULTS: We found that NAR decreased the arthritis score and paw swelling, as well as the mechanical and thermal pain. The immunofluorescence results also showed a dose dependent effect of NAR on reducing the expressions of spinal cFos, IBA-1, and GFAP on the 28th (PID 21) and 42nd day (PID 35). NAR decreased the phosphorylation of CRMP2 S522 and the expression of the kinase CDK5 in the spinal dorsal horn, but pCRMP2 Y479 was unchanged. In addition, CRMP2 was co-localized with NEUN, but not IBA-1 or GFAP, indicating the involvement of neural CRMP2 phosphorylation in CIA-related pain. Finally, CRMP2 S522 phosphorylation selective inhibitor (S)-lacosamide also alleviated arthritic pain. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our results demonstrate that NAR alleviates inflammation and chronic pain in CIA model, which might be related to its inhibition of neuronal CRMP2 S522 phosphorylation, potentially mitigating the central sensitization. Our study provide evidence for the potential use of NAR as non-opioid-dependent analgesia in arthritic pain.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Dor Crônica , Ratos , Animais , Fosforilação , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Artralgia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/metabolismo , Analgésicos
18.
Alzheimers Res Ther ; 14(1): 185, 2022 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36514127

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics and associations of MRI-visible perivascular spaces (PVS) with clinical progression and longitudinal cognitive decline across the Alzheimer's disease spectrum. METHODS: We included 1429 participants (641 [44.86%] female) from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) database. PVS number and grade in the centrum semiovale (CSO-PVS), basal ganglia (BG-PVS), and hippocampus (HP-PVS) were compared among the control (CN), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) groups. PVS were tested as predictors of diagnostic progression (i.e., CN to MCI/AD or MCI to AD) and longitudinal changes in the 13-item Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog 13), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), memory (ADNI-MEM), and executive function (ADNI-EF) using multiple linear regression, linear mixed-effects, and Cox proportional hazards modeling. RESULTS: Compared with CN subjects, MCI and AD subjects had more CSO-PVS, both in number (p < 0.001) and grade (p < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference in BG-PVS and HP-PVS across the AD spectrum (p > 0.05). Individuals with moderate and frequent/severe CSO-PVS had a higher diagnostic conversion risk than individuals with no/mild CSO-PVS (log-rank p < 0.001 for all) in the combined CN and MCI group. Further Cox regression analyses revealed that moderate and frequent/severe CSO-PVS were associated with a higher risk of diagnostic conversion (HR = 2.007, 95% CI = 1.382-2.914, p < 0.001; HR = 2.676, 95% CI = 1.830-3.911, p < 0.001, respectively). A higher CSO-PVS number was associated with baseline cognitive performance and longitudinal cognitive decline in all cognitive tests (p < 0.05 for all). CONCLUSIONS: CSO-PVS were more common in MCI and AD and were associated with cognitive decline across the AD spectrum.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência
19.
Front Genet ; 13: 961611, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36531238

RESUMO

Synthetic lethality (SL) refers to a genetic interaction in which the simultaneous perturbation of two genes leads to cell or organism death, whereas viability is maintained when only one of the pair is altered. The experimental exploration of these pairs and predictive modeling in computational biology contribute to our understanding of cancer biology and the development of cancer therapies. We extensively reviewed experimental technologies, public data sources, and predictive models in the study of synthetic lethal gene pairs and herein detail biological assumptions, experimental data, statistical models, and computational schemes of various predictive models, speculate regarding their influence on individual sample- and population-based synthetic lethal interactions, discuss the pros and cons of existing SL data and models, and highlight potential research directions in SL discovery.

20.
J Pathol Clin Res ; 2022 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36579550

RESUMO

The classification of multifocal lung adenocarcinomas (MLAs), including multiple primary lung adenocarcinomas (MPLAs) and intrapulmonary metastases (IPMs), has great clinical significance in staging and treatment determination. However, the application of molecular approaches in pN0M0 MLA diagnosis has not been well investigated. Here, we performed next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis in 45 pN0M0 MLA patients (101 lesion pairs) who were initially diagnosed as having MPLA by comprehensive histologic assessment (CHA). Five additional patients with intrathoracic metastases were used as positive controls, while 197 patients with unifocal lung adenocarcinomas (425 random lesion pairs) were used as negative controls. By utilizing a predefined NGS criterion, all IPMs in the positive control group could be accurately classified, whereas 13 lesion pairs (3.1%) in the negative control cohort were misdiagnosed as IPMs. Additionally, 14 IPM lesion pairs were diagnosed in the study group, with at least 7 misdiagnoses. We thus developed a refined algorithm, incorporating both NGS and histologic results, that could correctly diagnose all the known MPLAs and IPMs. In particular, all IPMs identified by the refined algorithm were diagnosed to be IPMs or suspected IPMs by CHA reassessment. The refined algorithm-diagnosed MPLAs patients also had significantly better progression-free survival than the refined algorithm-diagnosed IPMs (p < 0.0001), which is superior to conventional NGS or CHA diagnoses. Overall, we developed an NGS-based algorithm that could accurately distinguish IPMs from MPLAs in MLA patients. Our results demonstrate a promising clinical utility of NGS to complement traditional CHA-based MLA diagnosis and help determine patient staging and treatment.

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