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1.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 48(1): 276-287, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858826

RESUMO

Background: The abnormal expression Dopamine D1 receptor (DRD1) gives rise to the dysfunction of dopaminergic neurotransmitter and may be associated with the occurrence of schizophrenia. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate the DRD1 expression by binding 3'UTR and be involved in the post-transcriptional regulation.Methods: We first constructed the pmirGLO-recombined vectors of series of DRD1 gene 3'UTR-truncated fragments and performed the luciferase receptor assay to screen the underlying 3'UTR sequence targeted by miRNAs. Then, we predicted the potential miRNAs binding the target sequence and confirmed their effects using luciferase receptor assay after transfection of the miRNA mimics/inhibitors. We also examined the effects of the miRNA on the endogenous DRD1 expression.Results: We found that the DRD1 3'UTR ranging from -12 to +1135 bp was essential for the post-transcriptional regulation of miRNAs. The deletion of -12 to +154 bp fragment significantly increased the luciferase expression but not the mRNA expression. The miRNA-15a, miRNA-15b and miRNA 16 affected DRD1 expression in HEK293, U87, SK-N-SH and SH-SY5Y cell lines.Conclusion: The miRNA-15a, miRNA-15b and miRNA-16 inhibit the human dopamine D1 receptor expression by targeting 3'UTR -12 to +154 bp.HighlightsDRD1 3'UTR ranging from -12 to +1135 bp was essential for the post-transcriptional regulation of miRNAs.The deletion of -12 to +154 bp fragment significantly increased the luciferase expression but not the mRNA expression.The miRNA-15a, miRNA-15b and miRNA 16 affected DRD1 expression in different cell lines, respectively.

2.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; : 165627, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785407

RESUMO

Macrophages play an important role in aldosterone-induced myocardial fibrosis, in which the first key steps are macrophage recruitment and infiltration. We hypothesized that IL-6 may be a key mediator of aldosterone-induced macrophage recruitment and infiltration. To test this hypothesis, we designed cell studies with a human monocytic cell line THP-1 that with monocyte/macrophage functions to explore the signaling pathway of aldosterone-induced macrophage infiltration, and further investigated the phenomenon and consequent pathway in aldosterone-infused mice studies. The results showed that aldosterone induced the expression of IL-6 via mineralocorticoid receptors, and enhanced THP-1 cell migration and infiltration. Further experiments using a protease array and siRNA revealed that expressions of MMP-1 and MMP-9 were associated with aldosterone-induced macrophage infiltration. In addition, aldosterone-induced MMP-1 and MMP-9 expressions were mediated via cyclooxygenase-II and prostaglandin E2/EP-2 and EP-4 receptors. In aldosterone-infused mice, mRNA expressions of MMP-1, MMP-9 and COX-2 in peripheral blood monocytic cells were significantly increased. Moreover, the number of mouse macrophage-restricted F4/80 protein-positive cells in the myocardium was significantly higher in the aldosterone-infused mice compared with control mice. The increase in F4/80-positive cells in the myocardium was suppressed in the aldosterone-infused mice with the aldosterone antagonist eplerenone or anti-IL-6 antibody treatment. In conclusion, interleukin-6 played an important role in aldosterone-induced macrophage recruitment and infiltration in the myocardium.

3.
Oncogene ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831835

RESUMO

The original version of this Article omitted the following from the Acknowledgements: Professor Stebbing sits on SABs for Celltrion, Singapore Biotech, Vor Biopharma, TLC Biopharmaceuticals and Benevolent AI, has consulted with Lansdowne partners, Vitruvian and Social Impact Capital and Chairs the Board of Directors for BB Biotech Healthcare Trust and Xerion Healthcare. This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.

4.
Psych J ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795011

RESUMO

Doctor-patient communication interacts with patients' satisfaction to influence patients' risk perception. Current theories to explain this relationship have assumed particular psychological processes to explain observations of risk-sensitive behavior in an economic setting, but as of yet, they have not addressed whether it is adaptive for a decision-maker in a health-care situation. In addition, little is known about the role of interpersonal trust between doctor and patient. We surveyed 602 patients to examine the way in which trust, communication, and patients' satisfaction are related to patients' risk perception about uncertainties in medical treatment. The results showed that patients held a relatively low level of risk perception, which means that they had insufficient preparation for the possibility of uncertainties about the treatment. The association between doctor-patient communication and patients' perceived risk was mediated by doctor-patient trust. These results suggest that there is a relationship among good doctor-patient communication, patients' trust in medical staff, and perceived risk during medical treatment. Finally, theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

5.
Cancer Lett ; 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837443

RESUMO

Despite the common application and considerable efforts to achieve precision radiotherapy (RT) in several types of cancer, RT has not yet entered the era of precision medicine; the ability to predict radiosensitivity and treatment responses in tumors and normal tissues is lacking. Therefore, development of genome-based methods for individual prognosis in radiation oncology is urgently required. Traditional DNA sequencing requires tissue samples collected during invasive operations; therefore, repeated tests are nearly impossible. Intra- and inter-tumoral heterogeneity may undermine the predictive power of a single assay from tumor samples. In contrast, analysis of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) allows for non-invasive and near real-time sampling of tumors. By investigating the genetic composition of tumors and monitoring dynamic changes during treatment, ctDNA analysis may potentially be clinically valuable in prediction of treatment responses prior to RT, surveillance of responses during RT, and evaluation of residual disease following RT. As a biomarker for RT response, ctDNA profiling may guide personalized treatments. In this review, we will discuss approaches of tissue DNA sequencing and ctDNA detection and summarize their clinical applications in both traditional RT and in combination with immunotherapy.

6.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(6): 1966-1972, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839068

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the mechanism of naoxintong capsule (NXT) -inhibiting peripheral ischemic inflammation. METHODS: Mice were randomly double-blindly divided into 3 groups: sham-operation group, model group and NXT group. Both model and NXT groups underwent the hind limb ischemia (HLI) surgery followed by oral gavage with saline or NXT, respectively, one hour after operation. Three days after operation, the percentages of neutrophils and macrophages in the gastrocnemius muscle were examined by flow cytomety and immunohistochemical method. The changes in gene and protein expressions induced by NXT were examined by real-time PCR and protein chip, respectively. The changes of signaling pathways were analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with sham oparation and model groups, NXT could decrease the ratios of neutrophils and macrophages in gastrocnemius inflammation site (P<0.01), and downregulate the mRNA expression of gene EMR1 (P<0.01). NXT reduced the expression of TNF-α and IL-1ß at both mRNA (P<0.001) and protein levels (P<0.05). The proteomic analysis showed that the use of NXT resulted in the expression changes of 13 proteins. The expression of 6 cytokines was increased, and the secretion of 7 proteins was upregulated. Besides, most of identified 13 proteins were involved in the function regulation of other immune cells. CONCLUSION: NXT can significantly alleviate ischemia-induced peripheral inflammation by reducing the ratio of immune cells and altering the expression patterns of mRNA and protein. The expression changes provide theoretical guidance and the potential targets for the clinical use of NXT in the treatment of ischemia-induced peripheral inflammatory diseases.

7.
Front Oncol ; 9: 1319, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828041

RESUMO

Background: ALK and ROS1 rearrangement accounts for 3-6% and 1-3% of non-small cell lung cancers, respectively, while coexistence of them in the same patient is extremely rare. Only three cases have ever been reported with concurrent ALK/ROS1 fusions in the same tumor indicating tumor heterogeneity. Therefore, comprehensive genetic profiling via next-generation sequencing (NGS) is needed to provide fully molecular diagnosis. Case Presentation: A 50-year old Chinese female with resectable stage IB bilateral lung adenocarcinomas (ADCs) harbored EML4 exon 6-ALK exon 19 and TPM3 exon 8-ROS1 exon 35 fusions in the right lower and the left upper tumors, respectively, identified by clinical NGS test targeting 425 cancer-relevant genes. The results were further confirmed at RNA level using RNA-seq. Genomic evolution analysis reveals that these bilateral tumors are synchronous multiple primary lung cancers with no shared somatic alterations for both genes and arm-level copy number variations (CNVs). No recurrence was observed during 12 months of post-surgery follow-up. Conclusions: Our case is the first report of concurrent ALK/ROS1 fusions as distinct driver events of synchronous multiple primary lung cancers, and highlights the importance of individual genetic testing for each of the multiple primary tumors for fully molecular diagnosis and precise treatment decision-making.

8.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Definitive chemoradiation therapy (dCRT) is the standard treatment for patients with nonsurgical esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), yet patients have demonstrated great variations in their responses to dCRT and inevitably progressed following treatment. METHODS: To identify prognostic biomarkers, we performed targeted next-generation sequencing of 416 cancer-related genes on primary tumors from 47 nonsurgical ESCC patients prior to dCRT treatment. The association between genetic alterations and patients' local recurrence-free survival (LRFS), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) was analyzed. RESULTS: TP53 (78% of patients), NOTCH1 (32%), ARID1A (13%), FAT1 (13%), and CDKN2A (13%) were commonly mutated in ESCC patients, while gene amplifications frequently occurred in MCL1 (36%), FGF19 (34%), MYC (32%), CCND1 (27%), ZNF217 (15%), CDKN2A (13%), and YAP1 (11%). Univariate and multivariate analyses of clinical factors and genetic alterations indicated that sex is an independent prognostic factor, with males tending to have better LRFS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.25; 95%CI, 0.08-0.77, P = .015) and progression-free survival (PFS) (HR, 0.35; 95%CI, 0.13-0.93, P = .030) following dCRT. Meanwhile, YAP1 amplification (n = 7) was an adverse prognostic factor, and patients with this alteration demonstrated a tendency toward worse outcomes with shorter LRFS (HR, 4.06; 95%CI, 1.26-13.14, P = .019) and OS (HR, 2.78; 95%CI, 0.95-8.17, P = .062). In a subgroup analysis, while sex and M-stage were controlled, a much stronger negative effect of YAP1 amplification vs wild-type in LRFS was observed (log-rank P = .0067). CONCLUSION: The results suggested that YAP1 amplification is a potentially useful biomarker for predicting treatment outcomes and identifying patients with a high risk of relapse who should be closely monitored.

9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 250: 112519, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883475

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pogostemon cablin, commonly named "Guang-Huo-Xiang" in China, has long been renowned for its ability to dispel dampness and regulate gastrointestinal functions. Patchouli oil (P.oil), the major active fraction of Pogostemon cablin, has been traditionally used as the principal component of Chinese medicinal formulae to treat exterior syndrome and diarrhea. However, the effects of P.oil in treating 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-induced intestinal mucositis have not yet been reported. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the protective effects of P.oil against 5-FU-induced intestinal mucositis and the mechanisms underlying these effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally injected with 5-FU (30 mg/kg) to establish an intestinal mucositis model. Meanwhile, rats with intestinal mucositis were orally administered with P.oil (25, 50, and 100 mg/kg). Histological analysis, ELISA (for detecting inflammatory cytokines and aquaporins), immunohistochemistry analysis (for examining caspases), qRT-PCR analysis (for assessment tight junctions), and western blotting analysis (for the assessment of TLR2/TLR4-MyD88 and VIP-cAMP-PKA signaling pathway-related proteins) were performed to estimate the protective effects of P.oil against intestinal mucositis and the mechanisms underlying these effects. RESULTS: The histopathological assessment preliminarily exhibited that P.oil alleviated the 5-FU-induced damage to the intestinal structure. After P.oil administration, the elevation of the expression of cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-13) decreased markedly and the activation of NF-κB and MAPK signaling was significantly inhibited. P.oil also increased the mRNA expression of ZO-1 and Occludin, thereby stabilizing intestinal barrier. In addition, P.oil decreased the expressions of caspase-8, caspase-3, and Bax, and increased the expression of Bcl-2, thereby reducing the apoptosis of the intestinal mucosa. These results were closely related to the regulation of the TLR2/TLR4-MyD88 signaling pathway. It has been indicated that P.oil possibly protected the intestinal barrier by reducing inflammation and apoptosis. Furthermore, this study showed that P.oil inhibited the abnormal expression of AQP3, AQP7, and AQP11 by regulating the VIP-cAMP-PKA signaling pathway. Furthermore, it restored the intestinal water absorption, thereby alleviating diarrhea. CONCLUSIONS: P.oil ameliorated 5-FU-induced intestinal mucositis in rats via protecting intestinal barrier and regulating water transport.

10.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1079, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges in managing invasive breast cancer (BC) is the lack of reliable biomarkers to track response. Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) from liquid biopsy, as a candidate biomarker, provides a valuable assessment of BC patients. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the utility of ctDNA to reflect the efficacy of treatment and to monitor resistance mechanisms. METHODS: Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) of 416 cancer-relevant genes was performed on 41 plasma biopsy samples of 19 HER2+ and 12 HER2- BC patients. Longitudinal ctDNA samples were analyzed in three BC patients over the treatment course for detecting acquired mutations. RESULTS: In HER2+ BC patients, ERBB2 somatic copy numbers in ctDNA samples were significantly higher in patients progressed on HER2-targeted therapy than those who were still responding to the treatment. Recurrent acquired mutations were detected in genes including ERBB2, TP53, EGFR, NF1, and SETD2, which may contribute to trastuzumab resistance. In longitudinal analyses, the observed mutation allele frequencies were tracked closely in concordance with treatment responses. A novel ERBB2 p.(Leu869Arg) mutation was acquired in one patient upon resistant to trastuzumab therapy, which was further validated as an oncogenic mutation in vitro and contributed to resistance. In HER2- BC patients with chemotherapy resistance, genetic alterations on TP53, PIK3CA, and DNA damage repair genes were frequently observed. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, ctDNA monitoring, particularly longitudinal analyses, provides valuable insights into the assessment of targeted therapy efficacy and gene alterations underlying trastuzumab resistance and chemotherapy resistance in HER2+ and HER2- BC patients, respectively.

11.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(11): 4810-4823, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854546

RESUMO

Northeastern China experiences severe atmospheric pollution, with an increasing occurrence of heavy haze episodes. Based on ground monitoring data, satellite products and meteorological products of atmospheric pollutants in northeast China from 2013 to 2017, the characteristics of spatial and temporal distribution of air quality and the causes of heavy haze events in northeast China were discussed. It was found that the "Shenyang-Changchun-Harbin" city belt was the most polluted area in the region on an annual scale. The spatial distribution of air quality index (AQI) values had a clear seasonality, with the worst pollution occurring in winter, an approximately oval-shaped polluted area around western Jilin Province in spring, and the best air quality occurring in summer and most of autumn. The three periods that typically experienced intense haze events were Period I from late-October to early-November (i. e., late autumn and early winter), Period Ⅱ from late-December to January (i. e., the coldest time in winter), and Period Ⅲ from April to mid-May (i. e., spring). During Period I, strong PM2.5 emissions from seasonal crop residue burning and coal burning for winter heating were the dominant reasons for the occurrence of extreme haze events (AQI>300). Period Ⅱ had frequent heavy haze events (200 < AQI < 300) in the coldest months of January and February(200 < AQI < 300), which were due to high PM2.5 emissions from coal burning and vehicle fuel consumption, a lower atmospheric boundary layer, and stagnant atmospheric conditions. Haze events in Period Ⅲ, with high PM10 concentrations, were primarily caused by the regional transportation of windblown dust from degraded grassland in central Inner Mongolia and bare soil in western Jilin Province. Local agricultural tilling could also release PM10 and enhance the levels of windblown dust from tilled soil.

12.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5810, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862935

RESUMO

Inferior charge transport in insulating and bulk discharge products is one of the main factors resulting in poor cycling stability of lithium-oxygen batteries with high overpotential and large capacity decay. Here we report a two-step oxygen reduction approach by pre-depositing a potassium carbonate layer on the cathode surface in a potassium-oxygen battery to direct the growth of defective film-like discharge products in the successive cycling of lithium-oxygen batteries. The formation of defective film with improved charge transport and large contact area with a catalyst plays a critical role in the facile decomposition of discharge products and the sustained stability of the battery. Multistaged discharge constructing lithium peroxide-based heterostructure with band discontinuities and a relatively low lithium diffusion barrier may be responsible for the growth of defective film-like discharge products. This strategy offers a promising route for future development of cathode catalysts that can be used to extend the cycling life of lithium-oxygen batteries.

13.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(12): 180, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728755

RESUMO

Derived from RNA, 5'-ribonucleotides, especially Inosine-5'-monophosphate (IMP) and guanosine-5'-monophosphate (GMP), can enhance the umami taste of soy sauce. In this study, the RNA content of three different salt-tolerant yeasts was examined. The most valuable strain was subjected to atmospheric and room-temperature plasma (ARTP) mutagenesis, which improved its RNA content by 160.54%. Regular fermentation with RNA-enhanced strain failed to increase the amount of 5'-ribonucleotides in the soy sauce due to hydrolysis by phosphatase. A two-stage fermentation strategy was then carried out. Aroma compounds were mainly synthesized in the first stage, and RNA-enriched biomass was massively produced in the second stage followed by heat treatment to inactivate phosphatase. After the proposed strategy was applied, IMP and GMP in the soy sauce reached 68.54 and 89.37 mg/L, respectively. Moreover, the amounts of key aroma compounds and organic acids significantly increased. Results may provide new insights for improving the quality of soy sauce through microorganism breeding and fermentation control.

14.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 10(12)2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779077

RESUMO

In this work, an insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) is proposed that introduces a portion of the p-polySi/p-SiC heterojunction on the collector side to reduce the tail current during device turn-offs. By adjusting the doping concentration on both sides of the heterojunction, the turn-off loss is further reduced without sacrificing other characteristics of the device. The electrical characteristics of the device were simulated through the Silvaco ATLAS 2D simulation tool and compared with the traditional structure to verify the design idea. The simulation results show that, compared with the traditional structure, the turn-off loss of the proposed structure was reduced by 58.4%, the breakdown voltage increased by 13.3%, and the forward characteristics sacrificed 8.3%.

15.
Oncogene ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754213

RESUMO

EGFR-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients inevitably develop drug resistance when treated with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Systematic genetic analysis is important to understand drug-resistant mechanisms; however, the clinical significance of co-occurring genetic alterations at baseline, co-acquired mutations at progressive disease (PD), and the clonal evolution remain underinvestigated. We performed targeted sequencing of pre-treatment and PD tumor samples from 54 EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients. Ten additional patients were sequenced using whole-exome sequencing to infer the clonal evolution patterns. We observed a domain-dependent effect of PIK3CA mutation at baseline on patient progression-free survival (PFS). In addition, at baseline, 9q34.3/19p13.3 (NOTCH1/STK11/GNA11) showed a co-deletion pattern, which was associated with a significantly worse PFS (p = 0.00079). T790M-postive patients with other concurrent acquired oncogenic mutations had a significantly shorter PFS (p = 0.005). Besides acquired T790M mutation, chromosomal instability (CIN) related genes, including AURKA and TP53 alterations, were the most frequently acquired events. CIN significantly increased during TKI treatment in T790M-negative patients and is a candidate resistance mechanism to the first-generation TKIs. Clonal evolution analyses suggest that the composition and relationship among resistant subclones, particularly relationship with T790M subclone, affect patients' outcomes. Overall, our findings of novel co-occurring alterations and clonal evolution patterns can be served as predictive biomarkers to stratify patients and help to better understand the drug-resistant mechanism to TKIs.

16.
Org Lett ; 21(23): 9457-9462, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755725

RESUMO

Pd-catalyzed regio- and enantioselective allylic etherification of vinylethylene carbonates (VECs) with diols has been developed. By using cooperative catalysts of the chiral palladium complex and triethylborane in mild conditions, the process gave monoetherified and bisetherified polyglycol derivatives with tetrasubstituted stereocenters in high yields with complete regioselectivities and high levels of enantio- and diastereoselectivities.

17.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurotrophin receptor kinase (NTRK) gene fusions (NTRK+) are rare but actionable oncogenic drivers present in a wide variety of solid tumors. However, the clinicopathologic characteristics of NTRK1 fusion-positive non-small-cell lung cancer are largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lung cancer tissue specimens and/or circulating cell-free DNA from patients with lung cancer who had undergone molecular profiling at a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-certified genomics laboratory in China were retrospectively reviewed. The laboratory performed NTRK1 fusion detection using hybridization-based targeted next-generation sequencing. The patients' clinical characteristics and treatment history were retrieved from the database for further evaluation. RESULTS: A total of 21,155 Chinese lung cancer cases had undergone molecular profiling from April 2016 to March 2019, including 13,630 adenocarcinoma cases. Of these cases, 12 were positive for NTRK1 fusion, including 10 cases of adenocarcinoma (0.073%), 1 primary sarcomatoid carcinoma, and 1 with an unknown histologic classification. Seven fusion partners (CD74, interferon regulatory factor 2 binding protein 2 [IRF2BP2], lamin A/C [LMNA], PHD finger protein 20 [PHF20], sequestosome 1 [SQSTM1], tropomyosin 3 [TPM3], TPR) were identified. Additionally, 1 unique rearrangement occurred upstream of the transcription start site of BCL9 fused to exon 12 of NTRK1 (intragenic region, BCL9-NTRK1). Of the 12 cases of NTRK1+ lung cancer, 6 had had concurrent activating EGFR mutations and/or had received previous treatment with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), with 2 having concurrent EGFR T790M and 1 additional EGFR C797S. CONCLUSIONS: NTRK1+ lung cancer cases are extremely rare with multiple fusion partners. Additionally, emergence of NTRK1+ fusion might act as a resistance mechanism to EGFR TKIs. When performing comprehensive analysis of acquired resistance to EGFR TKIs, the ability to detect NTRK1 fusions will be important.

18.
J Med Food ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770044

RESUMO

Polysaccharide from Ma-chi-xian (Portulacae oleracea L., POLP) was prepared and the therapeutic effect on dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis mice was investigated in this study. The results of clinical activity score and H&E staining confirmed the therapeutic effect of POLP. POLP could diminished the symptoms of colitis and improve colon histopathological structure of the colitis mice. The expression levels of four cytokines were determined. The concentrations of PGE2 and IL-6 were downregulated by POLP treatment. The COX-2 protein expression levels and the STAT3 phosphorylation levels were detected. The results showed that these two protein levels were all increased in colitis and decreased after POLP treatment, indicating that these two proteins were closely related with the protective effect of POLP. Because the synthesis of PGE2 is catalyzed by COX-2 and phosphorylation of STAT3 can induce the expression of COX-2, it was concluded that STAT3 was a key protein related to the POLP exerting its activity in colitis.

19.
Fitoterapia ; 139: 104418, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704262

RESUMO

A new isoiphionane sesquiterpene, named (3S, 5S, 7S, 10R)-3, 11-dihydroxyisoiphion-4-one (1), two new phloroglucinol glycosides, named eucalglobuside A (2) and eucalglobuside B (3), along with 15 known compounds were isolated from the leaves of Eucalyptus globulus. Their structures were elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic analysis and in comparison with literature data. The absolute configuration of compound 1 was determined by ECD calculation. All isolates were evaluated their inhibitory activities against the mushroom tyrosinase. As a result, three sesquiterpenoids, 1, 5ß, 11-dihydroxy-iphionan-4-one (5), and (-)-globulol (8), exhibited the most potent activities with IC50 values of 14.17 µM, 10.08 µM and 9.79 µM, respectively.

20.
Respir Med Case Rep ; 28: 100948, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720203

RESUMO

Objective: This case report shows that bronchoscopy is an important method to treat severe airway stenosis caused by bronchial amyloidosis. Bronchoscopic forceps were used to incise the intra-tracheal lump repeatedly. The incision was frozen with a cryosurgery probe, argon knife was used to stop the bleeding until the airway lumen stenosis was reduced to approximately 40%, after which, it continued to enter the lumen. We used bronchoscopic biopsy forceps to repeatedly clamp the lumps in the tracheal carina and left and right main bronchial tumors until the lumen was completely unobstructed. Results: The symptoms of severe dyspnea and wheezing were significantly improved after two interventions with the bronchoscope.

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