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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162046

RESUMO

Commercial graphite with low theoretical capacity cannot meet the ever-increasing requirement demands of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) caused by the rapid development of electric devices. Rationally designed carbon-based nanomaterials can provide a wide range of possibilities to meet the growing requirements of energy storage. Hence, the porous walnut anchored on carbon fibers with reasonable pore structure, N-self doping (10.2 at%) and novel structure and morphology is designed via interaction of inner layer polyethylene oxide and outer layer polyacrylonitrile and polyvinylpyrrolidone during pyrolysis of the obtained precursor, which is fabricated by coaxial electrospinning. As an electrode material, the as-made sample shows a high discharge capacity of 965.3 mA h g-1 at 0.2 A g-1 in the first cycle, retains a capacity of 819.7 mA h g-1 after 500 cycles, and displays excellent cycling stability (475.2 mA h g-1 at 1 A g-1 after 1000 cycles). Moreover, the capacity of the electrode material still keeps 260.5 mA h g-1 at 5 A g-1 after 1000 cycles. Therefore, the obtained sample has a bright application prospect as a high performance anode material for LIBs. Besides, this design idea paves the way for situ N-enriched carbon material with novel structure and morphology by coaxial electrospinning.

2.
Mar Drugs ; 18(11)2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126624

RESUMO

In this study, Spirulina platensis (S.p.) polysaccharide (PSP) was obtained by ultrasonic-microwave-assisted extraction (UMAE) and purified by an aqueous two-phase system (ATPS). Two different methods were applied to purified Spirulina platensis (S.p.) polysaccharide (PSP), respectively, due to PSP as a complex multi-component system. Three polysaccharide fractions (PSP-1, PSP-2, and PSP-3) with different acidic groups were obtained after PSP was fractionated by the diethyl aminoethyl (DEAE)-52 cellulose chromatography, and two polysaccharide fractions (PSP-L and PSP-H) with different molecular weight were obtained by ultrafiltration centrifugation. The chemoprotective effects of PSP in cyclophosphamide (Cy) treated mice were investigated. The results showed that PSP could significantly increase spleen and thymus index, peripheral white blood cells (PWBC), and peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL). The in vivo immunostimulatory assays demonstrated that PSP could in dose-dependent increase of TNF-α, IL-10, and IFN-γ production in sera. The in vitro immunostimulatory assays showed that PSP and its fractions (PSPs) could evidently enhance the proliferation of splenocytes and RAW 264.7 cells and increase the productions of nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin 6 (IL-6). PSPs could also enhance phagocytic activity of RAW 264.7 cells. The acidic polysaccharide fractions of PSP-2, PSP-3, and PSP-L with small molecular weight had the higher immunostimulatory activity. Signaling pathway research results indicated that PSP-L activated RAW264.7 cells through MAPKs, NF-κB signaling pathways via TLR4 receptor.

3.
Asian J Androl ; 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985417

RESUMO

46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD) is characterized by incomplete masculinization genitalia, with gonadal dysplasia and with/without the presence of Müllerian structures. At least 30 genes related to 46,XY DSD have been found. However, the clinical phenotypes of patients with different gene mutations overlap, and accurate diagnosis relies on gene sequencing technology. Therefore, this study aims to determine the prevalence of pathogenic mutations in a Chinese cohort with 46,XY DSD by the targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology. Eighty-seven 46,XY DSD patients were enrolled from the Peking Union Medical College Hospital (Beijing, China). A total of fifty-four rare variants were identified in 60 patients with 46,XY DSD. The incidence of these rare variants was approximately 69.0% (60/87). Twenty-five novel variants and 29 reported variants were identified. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) guidelines, thirty-three variants were classified as pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants and 21 variants were assessed as variants of uncertain significance. The overall diagnostic rate was about 42.5% based on the pathogenic and likely pathogenic variants. Androgen receptor (AR), steroid 5-alpha-reductase 2 (SRD5A2) and nuclear receptor subfamily 5 Group A member 1 (NR5A1) gene variants were identified in 21, 13 and 13 patients, respectively. The incidence of these three gene variants was about 78.3% (47/60) in patients with rare variants. It is concluded that targeted NGS is an effective method to detect pathogenic mutations in 46,XY DSD patients and AR, SRD5A2, and NR5A1 genes were the most common pathogenic genes in our cohort.s.

4.
Clin Interv Aging ; 15: 1649-1664, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32982199

RESUMO

Purpose: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease may share the risk factors for low bone mineral density (BMD), one of which is dyslipidemia. The association between serum cholesterol and BMD remains controversial. Thus, the correlation between serum lipids and BMD in women was explored in the current study. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1116 Chinese female participants. Serum samples were collected to evaluate total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and other laboratory markers. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to assess lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total hip BMD. Results: In the postmenopausal women, a non-linear relationship was detected between TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, and lumbar spine BMD. Using segmented linear regression, the inflection points were 5.86 mmol/L, 3.52 mmol/L, and 2.37 mmol/L, respectively. To the left of the inflection point, the higher the serum lipid level, the lower the value for lumbar spine BMD. To the right of the inflection point, the higher the serum level of TC and LDL-C, the higher the value for lumbar spine BMD. In the premenopausal women, the association between HDL-C and femoral neck BMD was non-linear. In addition, LDL-C had a positive association with BMD of the femoral neck and HDL-C had an inverse association with BMD of the femoral neck in postmenopausal women. Conclusion: In postmenopausal women, the relationship between TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, and lumbar spine BMD was non-linear. TC, LDL-C, and HDL-C were negatively associated with lumbar spine BMD when the values were less than 5.86 mmol/L, 3.52 mmol/L, and 2.37 mmol/L, respectively. The mechanisms of the association were unclear, and further research is warranted to clarify the relationship.

5.
Lupus ; 29(14): 1961-1967, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838618

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura (TTP) associated with systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) (i.e., SLE-TTP) is a rare life-threatening disease often requiring intensive immunosuppressive agents, in addition to high-dose corticosteroids and plasma exchange (PEX). The optimal therapy of rituximab is unclear, but 375 mg/m2 weekly for 4 weeks is the usual practice, adopted from regimens for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We reported two cases of refractory SLE-TTP that showed good efficacy and prognosis with combination of methylprednisolone (MP) pulse, plasma exchange and low-dose rituximab (100 mg weekly for 4 weeks) treatment. METHODS: Clinical data and treatment outcomes were reviewed of two patients diagnosed with refractory SLE-TTP at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between July 2017 and July 2018. RESULTS: Both patients had SLE and presented with microangiopathic anemia and thrombocytopenia. Laboratory assays revealed high anti-nuclear antibody titers, reduced complement 3 and 4 levels, proteinuria, significantly elevated lactate dehydrogenase, schistocytes on peripheral blood smear, low ADAMTS13 activity, and the presence of ADAMTS13 inhibitor. In both patients, platelet counts remained below 50 × 109/L after MP pulse and 6 PEXs, confirming the diagnosis of refractory SLE-TTP. Low-dose rituximab (100 mg weekly for 4 weeks) was administered in both cases, resulting in normalization of platelet counts and significant reductions in B-lymphocyte counts. No TTP relapse or SLE flare occurred during 24 months of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Our cases confirmed the efficacy and good follow-up outcomes of low-dose rituximab treatment (100 mg weekly for 4 weeks) for refractory SLE-TTP.

6.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(3): 297-301, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762157

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of aromatase inhibitor letrozole in treatment of male children with disorders of sex development (DSD). METHODS: Clinical data of 12 male DSD children with a mean age of 14.6±2.5 years admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2014 to January 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were treated with letrozole (1.25-2.5 mg, once a day) for 3 months or longer, and followed up for 0.5-2.5 years. Clinical manifestation and laboratory test findings were documented, and the efficacy and safety were evaluated. RESULTS: After half-year treatment, the blood luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and testosterone levels of patients increased (all P < 0.05), and estrogen levels decreased from baseline ( P < 0.05). After 1 year of treatment, the blood testosterone level was significantly higher ( P < 0.05); the LH and FSH levels tended to increase and the estrogen level tended to decrease, but there was no significant statistical difference ( P>0.05). Semen was routinely detected in 8 patients, and sperms were detected in semen of 3 patients with hypospadias. There were no significant changes in biochemical results after treatment, and no significant adverse event was observed during the treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Letrozole can effectively increase testosterone levels in patients with disorders of sex development and promote spermatogenesis, it has no significant adverse effects in short-term administration.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Desenvolvimento Sexual/tratamento farmacológico , Letrozol/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Criança , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante , Humanos , Hormônio Luteinizante , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Testosterona
7.
Endocrine ; 69(3): 615-624, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533506

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether gonadotropin releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa) combined with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) can improve the adult height (AHt) of children with short stature and normal pubertal onset. METHODS: In this retrospective study, GnRHa/rhGH treatment was given to children with normal pubertal onset and short stature. Patients were followed up to measure their AHt. The primary outcomes were the disparity between AHt standard deviation score (AHt SDS) and pre-treatment height standard deviation score (Ht SDS) and the disparity between AHt and target height (THt). RESULTS: A total of 94 patients were included. Forty-nine boys were treated with GnRHa/rhGH for 24.84 ± 13.01 months, and 45 girls were treated for 23.89 ± 10.43 months. (2) Before treatment, the Ht SDS of boys and girls was -1.82 ± 1.30 and -1.10 ± 1.61, respectively, and the target height was 168.98 ± 3.51 cm and 157.90 ± 3.25 cm, respectively. (3) After treatment, for boys, the AHt SDS increased by 1.37 ± 1.28 (p = 0.000) and the disparity between AHt and THt was 0.98 ± 6.18 cm (p = 0.273); for girls, the AHtSDS increased by 1.28 ± 1.48 (p = 0.000), and the disparity between AHt and THt was 3.64 ± 4.86 cm (n = 45, p = 0.000). (4) Subgroup analysis showed that, for boys with idiopathic short stature (ISS) and non-ISS, AHt SDS increased by 2.00 ± 1.16 (p = 0.000) and 0.71 ± 1.06 (p = 0.003) respectively, compared with the pre-treatment HtSDS; The disparities between AHt and THt were -0.70 ± 6.54 cm and 2.73 ± 5.37 cm respectively. For girls with ISS and non-ISS, AHtSDS increased by 2.73 ± 1.21 (p = 0.000) and 0.748 ± 1.19 (p = 0.001), respectively; AHt increased by 2.63 ± 6.12 cm (p = 0.165) and 4.02 ± 4.37 cm (p = 0.000) compared with THt, respectively. (5) Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the baseline bone age (BA) (ß = -0.200, p = 0.003), basal IGF-1(ß = -0.002, p = 0.008) and HtSDS (ß = -0.679, p = 0.000) had negative effects on increment of AHtSDS. CONCLUSION: For adolescents with normal pubertal onset and short stature, with or without ISS, GnRHa/rhGH therapy can effectively improve AHtSDS. After treatment, ISS adolescents can reach the THts, and Non-ISS adolescents can exceed their THts.

8.
Front Med ; 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350764

RESUMO

The association between serum uric acid and the risk of incident diabetes in Chinese adults remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate this association in a community-dwelling population aged ≥ 40 years in Shanghai, China. Oral glucose tole3rance test was conducted during baseline and follow-up visits. Relative risk regression was utilized to examine the associations between baseline gender-specific serum uric acid levels and incident diabetes risk. A total of 613 (10.3%) incident diabetes cases were identified during the follow-up visit after 4.5 years. Fasting plasma glucose, postload glucose, and glycated hemoglobin A1c during the follow-up visit progressively increased across the sex-specific quartiles of serum uric acid (all Ps < 0.05). The incidence rate of diabetes increased across the quartiles of serum uric acid (7.43%, 8.77%, 11.47%, and 13.43%). Multivariate adjusted regression analysis revealed that individuals in the highest quartile had 1.36-fold increased risk of diabetes compared with those in the lowest quartile of serum uric acid (odds ratio (95% confidence interval) = 1.36 (1.06-1.73)). Stratified analysis indicated that the association was only observed in women. Accordingly, serum uric acid was associated with the increased risk of incident diabetes among middle-aged and elderly Chinese women.

9.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 105(7)2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32291442

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Defects in both CYP21A2 and TNXB genes can cause congenital adrenal hyperplasia combined with hypermobility-type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), which has recently been named CAH-X syndrome. The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of the chimeric TNXA/TNXB gene and clinical symptoms in a Chinese cohort with 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD). METHODS: A total of 424 patients with 21-OHD who were genetically diagnosed were recruited for this study. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and sequencing were used to identify the CAH-X genotype. Clinical features of joints, skin, and other systems were evaluated in 125 patients. RESULTS: Ninety-four of the 424 patients had a deletion on at least 1 allele of CYP21A2 and 59 of them harbored the heterozygotic TNXA/TNXB chimera. Frequencies of CAH-X CH-1, CH-2, and CH-3 were 8.2%, 3.1%, and 2.6%, respectively. The incidences of clinical features of EDS were 71.0% and 26.6% in patients with the chimeric TNXA/TNXB genes or without (P < .001). There were statistically significant differences in manifestations among articular (P < .001 in generalized hypermobility) and dermatologic features (P < .001 in hyperextensible skin, P = .015 in velvety skin and P = .033 in poor wound healing). The prevalence of generalized hypermobility was more common in CAH-X CH-2 or CH-3 than CH-1 patients (60% vs 20%, P = .028). CONCLUSIONS: In summary, about 14% of patients with 21-OHD may have chimeric TNXA/TNXB gene mutations in our study and most of them showed EDS-related clinical symptoms. The correlation between CAH-X genotypes and clinical features in connective tissue, like joint or skin, needs to be further investigated.

10.
Endocrine ; 67(3): 665-672, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605362

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of heterozygous CYP21A2 mutation and analyze its correlation with clinical manifestation in patients with acne, hirsutism, or both. METHODS: Clinical evaluation, hormone testing, and genetic analysis of the CYP21A2 gene were performed in 60 female patients who visited department of endocrinology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) for acne, hirsutism, or both from May to November of 2018. The average age of the patients was 26.72 ± 5.73 years. ACTH, Plasma cortisol, LH, FSH, PRL, estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) were measured in all participants. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) combined with sequencing and multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique were used to detect the mutation of the CYP21A2 gene. The prevalence of CYP21A2 mutation was compared between the patients and 60 controls, as well as the data in different genetic variant database. RESULTS: A total of 8.3% (5/60) of individuals with acne, hirsutism, or both in this study were found to harbor heterozygotic CYP21A2 mutation, and the frequency was significantly higher than that in public databases. Identified mutations included V282L (n = 2), I173N (n = 1), E6 cluster [I237N, V238E, and M240K (n = 1)] and large deletion (n = 1). There was no significant difference in hormone levels between heterozygous carriers and subjects with normal CYP21A2 genes. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of heterozygous CYP21A2 mutation detected in patients with acne, hirsutism, or both was significantly higher than in the general population. Whether the heterozygous mutation of CYP21A2 is the cause of clinical symptoms needs further assessment.

11.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5810, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862935

RESUMO

Inferior charge transport in insulating and bulk discharge products is one of the main factors resulting in poor cycling stability of lithium-oxygen batteries with high overpotential and large capacity decay. Here we report a two-step oxygen reduction approach by pre-depositing a potassium carbonate layer on the cathode surface in a potassium-oxygen battery to direct the growth of defective film-like discharge products in the successive cycling of lithium-oxygen batteries. The formation of defective film with improved charge transport and large contact area with a catalyst plays a critical role in the facile decomposition of discharge products and the sustained stability of the battery. Multistaged discharge constructing lithium peroxide-based heterostructure with band discontinuities and a relatively low lithium diffusion barrier may be responsible for the growth of defective film-like discharge products. This strategy offers a promising route for future development of cathode catalysts that can be used to extend the cycling life of lithium-oxygen batteries.

12.
Nanoscale ; 11(38): 17860-17868, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553002

RESUMO

In this work, the impact of oxygen vacancies and nitrogen-doped carbon coating on the sodium-ion storage properties of anatase TiO2 has been demonstrated. Oxygen vacancies and nitrogen-doped carbon coating were introduced simultaneously by the calcination of core-shell structured TiO2 spheres in a reducing atmosphere. Compared to the anatase TiO2 with and without oxygen vacancies, TiO2-x@NC exhibits much better electrochemical performance in the storage of sodium ions. A high reversible capacity of 245.6 mA h g-1 is maintained at 0.1 A g-1 after 200 cycles, and a high specific capacity of 155.6 mA h g-1 is achieved at a high rate of 5.0 A g-1. The significantly improved electrochemical performance of the core-shell structured anatase TiO2 spheres is attributed to the synergistic effect of the oxygen vacancies in the anatase lattice and surface nitrogen-doped carbon coating. This work provides an efficient strategy for improving the electrochemical performance of metal-oxide-based electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries.

13.
Atherosclerosis ; 289: 8-13, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437611

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epidemiological evidence on the association between elevated lipoprotein (a) (Lp (a)) with risk of stroke remains inconsistent. We aimed to investigate the association between serum Lp (a) level and the risk of stroke among middle-aged and elderly Chinese. METHODS: A community-based prospective cohort study of 8500 participants aged 40 years or older was conducted in Jiading district, Shanghai, China, in 2010. The incident strokes were documented at follow-up visit during 2014-2015. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 5.1 years, 444 incident cases of stroke occurred. The incidences of stroke were 4.44%, 5.14% and 6.14% from the lowest to the highest serum Lp (a) tertile, respectively. A significant association between serum Lp (a) tertile and the risk of incident stroke was observed (p for trend<0.05). Compared with individuals in the lowest tertile of serum Lp (a), the multivariable adjusted hazards ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for incident stroke in Lp (a) tertile 3 were 1.34 (1.06-1.70). CONCLUSIONS: Serum Lp (a) concentration was associated with increased risk of incident stroke in Chinese adults.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438503

RESUMO

Climate change has made countries around the world realize the importance of reducing carbon emissions. Reductions in carbon emissions needs the support of policy, technology, and financial capital. The single/double/three-threshold model is used here with data from China to study the different impact of financial development in carbon emissions in high-energy industries when the threshold variables are in different intervals. The results show that when loan size is the core explanatory variable, and research and development (R and D) expenditure and energy structure are the threshold variables, the loan size variable has a significant effect on emission reductions in high-energy industries, and this effect is strengthened with increases in R and D expenditure and decreases in the proportion of energy from coal. Taking energy intensity as the threshold variable, the relationship between loan size and carbon dioxide emissions is V-shaped. With economic structure as the threshold variable, loan size has a significant effect on emissions reduction when the proportion of industrial added value in high-energy industries is low. When using foreign investment as the core explanatory variable, R and D expenditure, energy consumption intensity, and industrial structure are threshold variables. The impact of foreign investment on carbon dioxide emissions is negative, but when the threshold variable is within different intervals, this negative impact differs. With stock market value as the core explanatory variable, and R and D expenditure and energy structure as the threshold variables, the stock market value can promote reductions in carbon emissions, but when R and D expenditure and the proportion of coal consumption is high, stock market value has no significant effect on emissions reduction. When energy consumption intensity is the threshold variable, the relationship between stock market value and carbon dioxide emissions is V-shaped.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle , Dióxido de Carbono , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Indústrias/economia , Tecnologia/economia , Poluição do Ar/economia , China , Mudança Climática , Carvão Mineral , Eletricidade , Gastos em Saúde , Internacionalidade , Investimentos em Saúde
15.
Asian J Androl ; 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464203

RESUMO

Partial congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (PCHH) is caused by an insufficiency in, but not a complete lack of, gonadotropin secretion. This leads to reduced testosterone production, mild testicular enlargement, and partial pubertal development. No studies have shown the productivity of spermatogenesis in patients with PCHH. We compared the outcomes of gonadotropin-induced spermatogenesis between patients with PCHH and those with complete congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CCHH). This retrospective study included 587 patients with CHH who were treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital (Beijing, China) from January 2008 to September 2016. A total of 465 cases were excluded from data analysis for testosterone or gonadotropin-releasing hormone treatment, cryptorchidism, poor compliance, or incomplete medical data. We defined male patients with PCHH as those with a testicular volume of ≥4 ml and patients with a testicular volume of <4 ml as CCHH. A total of 122 compliant, noncryptorchid patients with PCHH or CCHH received combined human chorionic gonadotropin and human menopausal gonadotropin and were monitored for 24 months. Testicular size, serum luteinizing hormone levels, follicle-stimulating hormone levels, serum total testosterone levels, and sperm count were recorded at each visit. After gonadotropin therapy, patients with PCHH had a higher spermatogenesis rate (92.3%) than did patients with CCHH (74.7%). During 24-month combined gonadotropin treatment, the PCHH group took significantly less time to begin producing sperm compared with the CCHH group (median time: 11.7 vs 17.8 months, P < 0.05). In conclusion, after combined gonadotropin treatment, patients with PCHH have a higher spermatogenesis success rate and sperm concentrations and require shorter treatment periods for sperm production.

16.
Diabetes Care ; 42(11): 2117-2126, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455687

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Comprehensive assessment of serum lipidomic aberrations before type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) onset has remained lacking in Han Chinese. We evaluated changes in lipid coregulation antecedent to T2DM and identified novel lipid predictors for T2DM in individuals with normal glucose regulation (NGR). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In the discovery study, we tested 667 baseline serum lipids in subjects with incident diabetes and propensity score-matched control subjects (n = 200) from a prospective cohort comprising 3,821 Chinese adults with NGR. In the validation study, we tested 250 lipids in subjects with incident diabetes and matched control subjects (n = 724) from a pooled validation cohort of 14,651 individuals with NGR covering five geographical regions across China. Differential correlation network analyses revealed perturbed lipid coregulation antecedent to diabetes. The predictive value of a serum lipid panel independent of serum triglycerides and 2-h postload glucose was also evaluated. RESULTS: At the level of false-discovery rate <0.05, 38 lipids, including triacylglycerols (TAGs), lyso-phosphatidylinositols, phosphatidylcholines, polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-plasmalogen phosphatidylethanolamines (PUFA-PEps), and cholesteryl esters, were significantly associated with T2DM risk in the discovery and validation cohorts. A preliminary study found most of the lipid predictors were also significantly associated with the risk of prediabetes. Differential correlation network analysis revealed that perturbations in intraclass (i.e., non-PUFA-TAG and PUFA-TAGs) and interclass (i.e., TAGs and PUFA-PEps) lipid coregulation preexisted before diabetes onset. Our lipid panel further improved prediction of incident diabetes over conventional clinical indices. CONCLUSIONS: These findings revealed novel changes in lipid coregulation existing before diabetes onset and expanded the current panel of serum lipid predictors for T2DM in normoglycemic Chinese individuals.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16616, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacies of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) pulse subcutaneous infusion with combined human chorionic gonadotropin and human menopausal gonadotropin (HCG/HMG) intramuscular injection have been performed to treat male hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) spermatogenesis. METHODS: In total, 220 idiopathic/isolated HH patients were divided into the GnRH pulse therapy and HCG/HMG combined treatment groups (n = 103 and n = 117, respectively). The luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels were monitored in the groups for the 1st week and monthly, as were the serum total testosterone level, testicular volume and spermatogenesis rate in monthly follow-up sessions. RESULTS: In the GnRH group and HCG/HMG group, the testosterone level and testicular volume at the 6-month follow-up session were significantly higher than were those before treatment. There were 62 patients (62/117, 52.99%) in the GnRH group and 26 patients in the HCG/HMG (26/103, 25.24%) group who produced sperm following treatment. The GnRH group (6.2 ±â€Š3.8 months) had a shorter sperm initial time than did the HCG/HMG group (10.9 ±â€Š3.5 months). The testosterone levels in the GnRH and HCG/HMG groups were 9.8 ±â€Š3.3 nmol/L and 14.8 ±â€Š8.8 nmol/L, respectively. CONCLUSION: The GnRH pulse subcutaneous infusion successfully treated male patients with HH, leading to earlier sperm production than that in the HCG/HMG-treated patients. GnRH pulse subcutaneous infusion is a preferred method.


Assuntos
Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/uso terapêutico , Hipogonadismo/tratamento farmacológico , Substâncias para o Controle da Reprodução/uso terapêutico , Espermatogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Adulto , Gonadotropina Coriônica/uso terapêutico , Vias de Administração de Medicamentos , Esquema de Medicação , Combinação de Medicamentos , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Bombas de Infusão , Hormônio Luteinizante/sangue , Masculino , Menotropinas/uso terapêutico , Substâncias para o Controle da Reprodução/administração & dosagem , Testosterona/sangue , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Diabetes ; 11(11): 884-894, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30941862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examined whether resting heart rate (RHR) was associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the 10-year predicted risk of cardiovascular disease in a Chinese population. METHODS: The associations of RHR with MetS and 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD) was examined in a cross-sectional study conducted in Shanghai, China (n = 9486). RESULTS: Compared with individuals in the lowest RHR quintile (≤71 b.p.m.), those in the highest quintile (≥91 b.p.m.) had a higher prevalence of MetS (21.2% vs 32.6%, respectively; P < 0.001). Logistic regression analyses showed that the multivariate-adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for MetS was 1.13 (1.08-1.18) for each 10-b.p.m. increment of RHR (P < 0.0001). Furthermore, RHR was strongly associated with the prevalence of hypertension, high blood glucose, and dyslipidemia, but not with central obesity. A stronger association of RHR with MetS was observed among individuals aged <65 years, male, with a body mass index <24 kg/m2 , without diabetes, hypertension, abnormal lipids, and insulin resistance than among their counterparts (P < 0.05 for all). A significantly higher 10-year risk for ASCVD was observed with each 10-b.p.m. increment in RHR in both men and women (ORs [95% CIs] 1.20 [1.07-1.33] and 1.28 [1.17-1.39], respectively; Ptrend = 0.002 and < 0.0001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, RHR was associated with a higher prevalence of MetS and elevated 10-year predicted risk of ASCVD in both Chinese men and women. Whether RHR may serve as an indicator for MetS among relatively healthy individuals requires further investigation.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Frequência Cardíaca , Síndrome Metabólica/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Endocr Res ; 44(4): 153-158, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30966827

RESUMO

Objective: Pituitary hormones are critical for bone development and maturation. It is currently unknown whether congenital multiple pituitary hormone deficiency (CMPHD) is associated with osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH). Methods: Clinical presentations and hormonal profiles of three patients with CMPHD and ONFH were retrospectively described. The incidence of ONFH in this population was studied. Results: (1) Congenital hypopituitarism was diagnosed in three patients. Femoral epiphyseal fusion in these patients was markedly delayed, and they had very low bone mineral density. (2) Hip pain, which is the main presentation of ONFH, occurred at the age of 20-30 years. ONFH induced by excessive glucocorticoids was excluded. (3) The estimated incidence of ONFH was approximately 694:100,000. Conclusions: CMPHD, especially a lack of growth and sex hormones, may contribute to ONFH.


Assuntos
Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/complicações , Hipopituitarismo/congênito , Hipopituitarismo/complicações , Hormônios Hipofisários/deficiência , Adulto , Feminino , Cabeça do Fêmur/patologia , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/patologia , Humanos , Hipopituitarismo/patologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Diabetes ; 11(9): 752-760, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30652427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum apolipoprotein (apo) B has been associated with an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. However, findings on the association between apoB and the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) are inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between serum apoB and MetS risk in Chinese population. METHODS: A baseline survey was conducted in a population-based cohort of 10 340 adults aged ≥40 years in Shanghai, China, in 2010. A follow-up visit was conducted to assess incident diabetes in 2015. RESULTS: At baseline, 2794 of 10 340 participants (27.02%) had MetS. Serum apoB was significantly associated with an increased risk of prevalent MetS. Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for quintiles 2-5 compared with quintile 1 (reference) were 1.29 (1.02-1.63), 1.47 (1.18-1.84), 1.32 (1.06-1.65), and 2.02 (1.61-2.51), respectively (Ptrend < 0.05). During an average of 5.1 years follow-up, 4627 individuals without MetS at baseline showed a significant association between apoB and the risk of incident MetS. Multivariable-adjusted risk ratios (95% CIs) for subjects in apoB quintiles 2-5 compared with the reference were 1.43 (1.13-1.82), 1.57 (1.25-1.98), 1.74 (1.38-2.18), and 2.07 (1.66-2.58), respectively (Ptrend < 0.05). Stratified analysis suggested that the above association was much stronger among normal weight individuals than in those who were overweight or obese. CONCLUSION: These cross-sectional and prospective studies provide evidence that serum apoB is associated with existing MetS and is a possible predictor of the risk of MetS, especially among normal weight individuals.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteína B-100/sangue , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/etiologia , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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