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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Arterial sclerosis resulting from hypertension slows CSF transportation in the perivascular spaces, showing the intrinsic relationship between the CSF and the blood vasculature. However, the exact effect of hypertension on human CSF flow dynamics remains unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate CSF flow dynamics in treatment-naive patients with essential hypertension using phase-contrast cine MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 60 never-treated patients with essential hypertension and 60 subjects without symptomatic atherosclerosis. CSF flow parameters, such as forward flow volume, forward peak velocity, reverse flow volume, reverse peak velocity, average flow, and net flow volume, were measured with phase-contrast cine MR imaging. Differences between the 2 groups were assessed to determine the independent determinants of these CSF flow parameters. RESULTS: Forward flow volume, forward peak velocity, reverse flow volume, reverse peak velocity, and average flow in the patients with hypertension significantly decreased (all, P < .05). Increasing systolic blood pressure was significantly associated with lower forward flow volume (ß = -0.44 mL/mL/mm Hg; 95% CI, -0.83 to -0.06 mL/mL/mm Hg), forward peak velocity (ß = -0.50 cm/s/mm Hg; 95% CI, -0.88 to -0.12 cm/s/mm Hg), reverse flow volume (ß = -0.61 mL/mL/mm Hg; 95% CI, -0.97 to -0.26 mL/mL/mm Hg), reverse peak velocity (ß = -0.55 cm/s/mm Hg; 95% CI, -0.91-0.18 cm/s/mm Hg), and average flow (ß = -0.50 mL/min/mm Hg; 95% CI, -0.93 to -0.08 mL/min/mm Hg). CONCLUSIONS: The CSF flow dynamics in patients with hypertension are decreased, and increasing systolic blood pressure is strongly associated with lower CSF flow dynamics.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624950

RESUMO

Objective: To investigation and analysis of ammonia gas leakage in a meat factory. Methods: In April 2013, Enterprise managers and workers were investigated, and clinical data of 24 patients were analyzed. Results: The company caused a leak in the ammonia pipeline maintenance operation, Among the patients, 20 had stimulus response and 4 had mild poisoning. Conclusion: To prevent group occupational ammonia poisoning, it is necessary to strengthen the awareness of occupational disease prevention of enterprise owners and the awareness of self-protection of workers.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Gás , Doenças Profissionais , Acidentes de Trabalho , Amônia , Humanos
3.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(5): 843-849, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650283

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between the quadriceps cross-sectional area (CSA) and quadriceps muscle volume (QMV) at different horizontal levels from the upper edge of the patella, and to determine the best observation position. METHODS: Thigh magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images of 22 Chinese young men [age: (29±6) years] with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture were examined. The CSA was measured at 18, 15, and 12 cm above the upper edge of the pate-lla (denoted by CSA-18, CSA-15 and CSA-12 respectively), and the QMV and CSA were determined by semiautomatic segmentation. A curve model was established to estimate QMV. Bland-Altman analysis was performed to determine the confidence limits of the volumes. RESULTS: On the unaffected side, the mean QMV was (1 944.45±323.77) cm3. The quadriceps CSA at the upper edge of the patella at 18, 15, and 12 cm was (80.80±12.16) cm2, (77.53±12.03) cm2, and (72.68±10.51) cm2, respectively. The coefficients of determination (R2), ascertained using curve estimation models, for the 3 positions were 0.819, 0.755, and 0.684 (P < 0.001), and the standard deviations of the volume estimated value (SEE) were 7.4%, 8.7%, and 9.8%. The fitting equations of the three horizontal positions were all good, but the fitting degree of CSA-18 was the highest. The Bland-Altman scatter plot showed that the arithmetic means of the QMV at 18, 15 and 12 cm from the upper edge of the patella 0.8 cm3, -1.1 cm3, and 0.9 cm3 and 95% limits of agreement (LoA) were (-268.8, 270.5), (-315.2, 313.1), and (-355.7, 357.5), respectively. The estimated QMV was in good agreement with the measured value. The difference between the estimated CSA-18 and measured values was the smallest. The results on the affected side were consistent. CONCLUSION: The correlation between QMV and CSA in the young men with the upper edge of patella as baseline was reliable and consistent. Among them, CSA-18 had the highest correlation with the QMV. However, different observation sites could be selected for different injuries of the quadriceps.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Adulto , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Patela , Músculo Quadríceps/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(14): 143201, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652176

RESUMO

Trapped ions are one of the leading platforms in quantum information science. For quantum computing with large circuit depth and quantum simulation with long evolution time, it is of crucial importance to cool large ion crystals at runtime without affecting the internal states of the computational qubits, thus the necessity of sympathetic cooling. Here, we report multi-ion sympathetic cooling on a long ion chain using a narrow cooling beam focused on two adjacent ions, and optimize the choice of the cooling ions according to the collective oscillation modes of the chain. We show that, by cooling a small fraction of ions, cooling effects close to the global Doppler cooling limit can be achieved. This experiment therefore demonstrates an important enabling step for quantum information processing with large ion crystals.

5.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(10): 889-896, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674464

RESUMO

Objective: The surgical indications, resection extent and management principle of lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) in lower rectal cancer have been controversial between Eastern and Western countries. This study aims to provide a theoretical basis for the rational implementation of LLND by reviewing the changes of LLND strategy over the past 30 years in a single-center, and analyzing prognostic factors for the survival outcomes of patients with lateral lymph node metastasis (LLNM). Methods: A retrospective observational study was performed. Clinical data of 289 patients with rectal cancer who received LLND at the Department of General Surgery of Peking University First Hospital from 1990 to 2019 were collected. Patients were divided into three groups based on decades. There were 89 cases in 1990-1999 group, 92 cases in the 2000-2009 group, and 108 cases in the 2010-2019 group. Data analyzed: (1) patient baseline data; (2) surgery and postoperative recovery; (3) lateral lymph node dissection; (4) postoperative survival and prognosis of patients with positive lateral lymph nodes. The surgical methods and pathological results of LLND were compared between groups, and the prognostic risk factors of patients with LLNM were analyzed. Results: A total of 289 patients underwent radical resection with LLND' accounting for 6.3% of the 4542 patients with rectal cancer during the same period in our hospital. Except decade-by-decade increase in tumors with distance from anal verge ≤ 7 cm, the proportion of ulcerated tumors, and the proportion of neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy, the differences in other baseline data were not statistically significant among 3 decade groups (all P>0.05). The proportion of LLND in the 3 groups decreased decade by decade [9.9% (89/898) vs. 8.0% (92/1154) vs. 4.3% (108/2490), χ(2)=40.159, P<0.001]. The proportion of laparoscopic surgery and unilateral LLND increased, while the mean operative time, intraoperative blood loss, surgical complications above grade III and postoperative hospital stay decreased decade by decade. These 289 patients completed a total of 483 lateral dissections, including 95 cases of the unilateral dissection and 194 cases of the bilateral dissection. The proportion of LLND in the 3 groups decreased decade by decade [9.9% (89/898) vs. 8.0% (92/1154) vs. 4.3% (108/2510), P<0.001]. The median number of dissected lymph nodes in the internal iliac artery and obturator regions increased (2 vs. 3 vs. 3, P<0.001), but those in the common iliac and external iliac regions decreased significantly (4 vs. 3 vs. 2, P=0.014). A total of 71 patients with LLNM were identified. The rate of LLNM in the 2010-2019 group was significantly higher than that in the previous two groups [37.0% (40/108) vs. 16.9% (15/89) vs. 17.4% (16/92), P=0.001]. The patients with LLNM showed a poorer overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) compared with negative lateral lymph nodes (P<0.001). There were statistically significant differences in 5-year OS rate (30.9% vs. 27.2% vs. 0, P=0.028) and 5-year DFS rate (28.3% vs. 16.0% vs. 0, P=0.038) among patients with only internal iliac lymph node metastasis, patients with only obturator lymph node metastasis, and patients with external iliac or common iliac lymph node metastasis. Multivariate analysis of prognostic factors showed that external iliac or common iliac lymph node metastasis was an independent risk factor for OS (HR=1.649, 95%CI: 1.087-2.501) and DFS (HR=1.714, 95%CI: 1.173-2.504) in patients with LLNM (all P<0.05) . The OS and DFS were not significant different in patients with LLNM among 3 decade groups. Conclusions: In the past decade, the proportion of LLND in rectal cancer has decreased significantly. However, LLNM rate has been significantly increased due to preoperative imaging assessments focusing on suspicious LLNM without compromising the survival. Internal iliac artery and obturator lymph nodes can be regarded as regional lymph nodes with a satisfactory prognosis after LLND. For suspected external iliac or common iliac lymph node metastasis, the significance of LLND remains to be further evaluated.

6.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(7): 637-643, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619841

RESUMO

Objective: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a malignant tumor derived from bile duct epithelial cells with extremely poor prognosis. The Hippo-Yes-associated protein (YAP)/transcription activator with PDZ binding motif (TAZ) signaling plays a critical role in cancer stem cell biology. Previous studies have shown that the positive expression of YAP/TAZ in CCA predicts larger tumor size and unfavorable clinical outcomes. We aim to evaluate the prognostic value of YAP/TAZ detection in CCA patients. Methods: CCA patients who underwent radical resection were retrospectively analyzed at our institution from January 2011 to June 2016. Postoperative pathological specimens were scored by YAP/TAZ immunohistochemical staining. The prognostic value of YAP/TAZ was analyzed by multivariate Cox-proportional hazards model. Results: A total of 91 CCA patients were enrolled. During a median follow-up time of 11.0 months, 69.2% patients relapsed and 45.1% died. The median OS and DFS were 10.7 months and 8.8 months respectively. The YAP/TAZ dual positive patients owned a worse TNM stage (P=0.015), poorer tissue differentiation (P=0.007), and a higher CA199 than those in negative patients. Multivariate Cox analysis identified that YAP/TAZ dual positivity as a significant factor predicted poorer OS (P=0.010) and DFS (P=0.028) in CCA patients after radical resection. In subgroup analysis, YAP/TAZ combination also significantly predicted OS (P=0.044) and DFS (P=0.043) in CCA patients with positive lymphatic metastasis and/or surgical margin who required adjuvant therapy. Conclusions: YAP/TAZ positivity is an independent predictive factor for survival in CCA patients after radical resectiony.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/metabolismo , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(9): 1287-1295, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the expression characteristics of ELK3 and its role in the occurrence, progression and prognosis of gastric cancer. METHODS: We analyzed the expression characteristics of ELK3 in gastric cancer based on E-MTAB-6693 dataset and explored the prognostic value of ELK3 using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis. Chip-Atlas, ChipBase, Genes Transcription Regulation Database, and hTFtarget were used for predicting the target genes of ELK3 and constructing the transcription regulation network. Functional enrichment analysis of the target genes was performed using R software. The proportions of infiltrating immune cells in gastric cancer were analyzed using Cibersort tool, and the Pearson coefficients between ELK3 and these cells were calculated. The expression profile of ELK3 was verified based on Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis and Human Protein Atlas databases. We also collected 5 pairs of gastric cancer and adjacent tissue samples and detected the expression of ELK3 at both the mRNA and protein levels using RT-PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: In public datasets and clinical samples, ELK3 was highly expressed in gastric cancer (P < 0.05), and its expression increased with the progression of M stage, AJCC stage, and perineural invasion (P < 0.05). ELK3 expression was correlated with N stage, AJCC stage, Lauren classification, differentiation, pathological classification, and microsatellite status of gastric cancer (P < 0.05). A high expression of ELK3 was associated with significantly reduced overall survival and disease-free survival of the patients, and served as an independent prognostic factor of gastric cancer (P < 0.05). Comprehensive analysis identified 176 potential target genes of ELK3, and enrichment analysis showed that ELK3 may regulate Rap1, AMPK, chemokines, VEGF, TNF, and tumor PD-L1/PD-1 signaling (PP < 0.05). The expression of ELK3 was negatively correlated with regulatory T cells, follicular helper T cells, and CD8+T cells in gastric cancer (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: ELK3 acts as an oncogene in gastric cancer, and its high expression may promote the occurrence, progression and immune escape of gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ets , Neoplasias Gástricas , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ets/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética
10.
Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) ; 53(10): 1354-1366, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532739

RESUMO

An increase in cardiomyocyte apoptosis is the main contributor to the observed high morbidity of cardiac disease during aging. Mitochondria play important roles in cardiac apoptosis, and dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) is the critical factor that participates in mitochondrial fission and induces mitophagy to maintain mitochondria quality. However, whether Drp1 is involved in the increase of apoptosis in aging heart remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Drp1 participates in inducing the apoptosis through regulating mitophagy in aging myocardium. To explore the effect of mitophagy and apoptosis in aging heart, we detected the expression of COX IV and the co-localization of COX IV and LC3 II, which reflect mitophagy, and measured adenosine triphosphate and reactive oxygen species contents, which reflect mitochondrial injury. Cell apoptosis was detected by measuring the activity of caspase-3 and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 and further confirmed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. The results showed an increase in apoptosis and a decrease in mitophagy in aging cardiomyocytes, and apoptosis was ameliorated after the induction of mitophagy by carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl hydrazone (a mitophagy activator) in D-galactose (D-gal)-induced senescence H9c2 cells. To clarify the role of Drp1 in apoptosis, we knocked down Drp1 by transfecting si-Drp1, or overexpressed Drp1 in senescent cells, and then detected mitophagy, mitochondrial injury, and apoptosis. The data showed that downregulated Drp1 induces mitochondrial damage and apoptosis. In addition, to explore the regulatory relationship between Drp1 and phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN)-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1)/Parkin-mediated mitophagy, we detected the expressions of PINK1 and Parkin after the overexpression of Drp1 in the D-gal group cells and found that Drp1-mediated mitophagy inhibited the PINK1/Parkin pathway in senescent cells. Our results demonstrated that insufficient Drp1 induces cardiomyocyte apoptosis by inhibiting mitophagy, and Drp1 affects the PINK1/Parkin pathway of mitophagy in the aging heart.

11.
IDCases ; 26: e01283, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527514

RESUMO

Although gastroenteritis is the most commonly described manifestation of Edwardsiella tarda infection, the pathogenesis and transient or long-term colonization of the gastrointestinal tract of this organism in human disease is not clear. We describe a rare manifestation of E. tarda infection in a perihepatic abscess in the setting of a patient with perforated cholecystitis and its successful eradication following antibiotic treatment.

12.
Public Health ; 198: 218-222, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the prevalence of psychological distress rose from 11% in 2019 to more than 40% in 2020. This study aims to examine the disparities among US adult men and women. STUDY DESIGN: We used 21 waves of cross-sectional data from the Household Pulse Survey that were collected between April and December 2020 for the study. The Household Pulse Survey was developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to document the social and economic impact of COVID-19. METHODS: The study population included four groups of adults: emerging adults (18-24 years); young adults (25-44 years); middle-aged adults (45-64 years); and older adults (65-88 years). Psychological distress was measured by their Generalized Anxiety Disorder score and the Patient Health Questionnaire. The prevalence of psychological stress was calculated using logistic models adjusted for socio-demographic variables including race/ethnicity, education, household income, and household structure. All descriptive and regression analysis considered survey weights. RESULTS: Younger age groups experienced higher prevalence of psychological distress than older age groups. Among emerging adults, the prevalence of anxiety (42.6%) and depression (39.5%) was more than twice as high as older adults who experienced prevalence of anxiety at 20% and depression at 16.6%. Gender differences were also more apparent in emerging adults. Women between 18 and 24 years reported higher differential rates of anxiety and depression than those with men (anxiety: 43.9% vs. 28.3%; depression: 33.3% vs. 24.9%). CONCLUSION: Understanding the complex dynamics between COVID-19 and psychological distress has emerged as a public health priority. Mitigating the negative mental health consequences associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, for younger generations and females in particular, will require local efforts to rebuild capacity for social integration and social connection.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Angústia Psicológica , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(10): 859-864, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587683

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics and the features of electroencephalograph (EEG) of children with DEPDC5 gene variants related epilepsy. Methods: The clinical data, gene variation, EEG and head magnetic resonance image (MRI) of 20 epileptic children with DEPDC5 gene variants admitted to Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital from May 2017 to November 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Twenty patients with heterozygous DEPDC5 gene variants were enrolled, 8 of 20 patients were nonsense variants, 6 were missense variants, 3 were frame-shift variants, 2 were splicing variants, and 1 was large fragment deletion. Sixteen cases had hereditary variation and 4 had de novo variation. Fifteen of variations were novel. Nine were male, while 11 were female. Their latest follow-up age ranged from 10 months to 13 years and one month.The epilepsy onset age ranged from 3 hours to 11 years and 3 months, the median age was 10.5 months. Twelve (60%) patients had developmental delay. Nineteen patients had focal seizures, 7 had epileptic spasms, 1 had multiple seizure types including tonic, atypical absence, dystonic and myoclonic seizures. Epileptic form discharges were observed in 18 patients during the interictal phase, and 11 were focal discharges, 7 were multifocal discharges. Ten (50%) patients had abnormal brain MRI, including focal cortical dysplasia in 5 patients, undefined malformation of cortical development in 4 patients, hemimegalencephaly in 1 patient. Four patients were diagnosed as West syndrome and one patient was diagnosed as Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Fourteen (70%) patients were diagnosed as drug-resistant epilepsy. Four patients became seizure-free by treatment with anti-epileptic drugs. Three children were treated with surgery, and 2 of them became seizure-free, 1 had more than 75% reduction in seizures. Conclusions: DEPDC5 gene variant epilepsy is inherited with incomplete penetrance and focal seizure is the major seizure type. However, epileptic spasms, generalized seizures can also be observed. Half of the patients brain malformations. Most of the patients are drug-resistant epilepsy. Patients with clear epileptogenic zones can be treated with surgery. Treatment-resistant patients are more likely to be complicated with developmental delay.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Espasmos Infantis , Criança , Eletroencefalografia , Epilepsia/genética , Feminino , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(39): 22476-22482, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586129

RESUMO

Biological probes with integrated photoluminescence and magnetism characteristics play a critical role in modern clinical diagnosis and surgical protocols combining fluorescence optical imaging (FOI) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology. However, traditional magnetic semiconductors can easily generate a spin splitting at the Fermi level and half-metallic electronic occupation, which will sharply reduce the radiation recombination efficiency of photogenerated carriers. To overcome this intrinsic contradiction, we propose a controllable oxidation strategy to introduce some particular PO bonds into black phosphorus nanosheets, in which the p orbital hybridization between P and O atoms not only provides some carrier recombination centers but also leads to a room-temperature spin polarization. As a result, the coexistence of photoluminescence and magnetism is realized in multifunctional black phosphorus probes with excellent biocompatibility. This work provides a new insight into integrating photoluminescence and magnetism together by intriguing atomic orbital hybridization.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581016

RESUMO

The symposium "New criteria of resectability for pancreatic cancer" was held during the 33nd meeting of the Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery (JSHBPS) in 2021 to discuss the potential modifications that could be made in the current resectability classification. The meeting focused on setting the foundation for developing a new prognosis-based resectability classification that is based on the tumor biology and the response to neoadjuvant treatment (NAT). The symposium included selected experts from Western and Eastern high-volume centers who have discussed their concept of resectability status through published literature. During the symposium, presenters reported new resectability classifications from their respective institutions based on tumor biology, conditional status, pathology, and genetics, in addition to anatomical tumor involvement. Interestingly, experts from all the centers reached the agreement that anatomy alone is insufficient to define resectability in the current era of effective NAT. On behalf of the JSHBPS, we would like to summarize the content of the conference in this position paper. We also invite global experts as internal reviewers of this paper for intercontinental cooperation in creating an up-to-date, prognosis-based resectability classification that reflects the trends of contemporary clinical practice.

16.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 26: 135-147, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513300

RESUMO

N-acetyltransferase 10 (NAT10) is the key enzyme for N4-acetylcytidine (ac4C) modification of mRNA, which participates in various cellular processes and is related to many diseases. Here, we explore the relationships among osteoblast differentiation, NAT10, and ac4C, and we found that NAT0 expression and the ac4C level of total RNA were decreased in the bone tissues of bilateral ovariectomized (OVX) mice and osteoporosis patients. Adenoviruses overexpressing NAT10 reversed bone loss, and Remodelin, an NAT10 inhibitor, enhanced the loss of bone mass in OVX mice. Moreover, bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) with low-level ac4C modification formed fewer calcium nodules in vitro with NAT10 silencing, whereas BMSCs with high-level ac4C modification formed more calcium nodules with NAT10 overexpression. Moreover, we demonstrated that the ac4C level of runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) mRNA was increased after BMSCs were cultured in osteogenic medium (OM) and decreased after NAT10 silencing. The RUNX2 mRNA half-life and protein expression decreased after silencing NAT10 in BMSCs. Therefore, NAT10-based ac4C modification promotes the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs by regulating the RUNX2 ac4C level. Because abnormal levels of NAT10 are probably one of the mechanisms responsible for osteoporosis, NAT10 is a new potential therapeutic target for this disease.

17.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(8): 788-793, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517462

RESUMO

Objective: To study the changes of urinary metabolic profile, screen metabolic ions characterization with clinical diagnostic value, and a disease differentiation model establishment, in an attempt to help the clinical diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Methods: A case-control study was conducted. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) were used to analyze urine samples of 32 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, 28 patients with liver cirrhosis and 28 healthy persons, respectively. The orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) and the principal component analysis (PCA) model were constructed using MZmine2.0 and SIMCA-P + 12.0.1.0 software for preliminary screening of metabolites. The metabolic ions selected in the final test were analyzed by SPSS, and the markers were analyzed and screened by one-way analysis of variance. Finally, the sensitivity and specificity of the selected markers were analyzed by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare quantitative indicators between groups. Results: OPLS-DA model parameters were R2X = 35.3%, R2Y = 86.9%, and Q2 = 72.2%, which had a good identification value. A total of 26 characteristic ions were screened, of which 17 were identified. 14, 19-Dihydroaspidospermatine had a high value in distinguishing healthy person with hepatocellular carcinoma patients, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was higher than 0.9. The area under the ROC curve for distinguishing liver cancer with liver cirrhosis patients was 0.88, which was higher than the ROC curve of alpha-fetoprotein (0.75). Conclusion: Based on the UPLC-MS platform, the PCA and OPLS-DA models were successfully constructed, and the characteristic metabolic ions in the urine were extracted and identified, which has a certain value in assisting clinical screening of hepatocellular carcinoma patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Biomarcadores , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cromatografia Líquida , Humanos , Metaboloma , Metabolômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488275

RESUMO

Porcelain tooth technology is widely used in the treatment of oral diseases, but there are few reports on the possible occupational hazard factors in the process of porcelain tooth production. Porcelain teeth production will produced a large amount of silica dust and metal dust during the grinding process. The technical workers who have been engaged in this work for a long time are very prone to pneumoconiosis due to their poor personal protection awareness. This paper analyzed the clinical data of a pneumoconiosis patient engaged in porcelain tooth making, and analyzed the possible occupational hazard factors in the process of porcelain teeth production, so as to improve the understanding of relevant enterprises, technical workers and medical personnel on the disease and reduce the risk of porcelain teeth production workers suffering from pneumoconiosis.


Assuntos
Exposição Ocupacional , Pneumoconiose , Porcelana Dentária , Poeira , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Pneumoconiose/complicações
19.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 631-635, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371533

RESUMO

Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) causes approximately 30% cirrhosis and 53% liver cancer in the world, and is still a serious threat to human health. Treatment CHB through therapeutic vaccination has long been a urgent goal of the medical community. In the past two decades, various therapeutic vaccines have been developed and studied in clinical trials, however, few has achieved satisfactory results. Recently, a nanoparticle therapeutic vaccine for CHB, εPA-44, has entered pahse III clinical trial. Results of phase II trial for εPA-44 showed that the vaccine had good safety profile and achieved profound clinical benefits in patients with CHB. Here, we first introduce the rational of therapeutic vaccine for CHB and summarize the progress of clinical trials. Finally, we t review the phase II clinical trial data of εPA-44 and discuss the posssible impact to the development of next generation therapeutic vaccine for CHB.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica , Vacinas contra Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/terapia , Humanos , Vacinação
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