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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938862

RESUMO

The exploration of solid-state sodium superionic conductors with high sodium-ion conductivity, structural and electrochemical stability, and grand interface compatibility has become the key to the next-generation energy storage applications with high energy density and long cycling life. Among them, halide-based compounds exhibit great potential with the higher electronegativity of halogens than that of the sulfur element. In this work, combined with first-principles calculation and ab initio molecular dynamic simulation, the investigation of trivalent metal iodide-based Na superionic conductors C2/m-Na3XI6 (X = Sc, Y, La, and In) was conducted, including the fast ion transport mechanism, structural stability, and interface electrochemical compatibility with electrode materials. Along with the tetrahedral-center saddle site-predominant three-dimensional octahedral-tetrahedral-octahedral diffusion network, C2/m-Na3XI6 possesses the merits of high Na ionic conductivities of 0.36, 0.35, and 0.20 mS cm-1 for Na3ScI6, Na3YI6, and Na3LaI6, respectively. Benefiting from its structural stabilities, C2/m-Na3XI6 exhibits lower interface reaction energy and better electrochemical compatibility in contact with both Na metal and high-voltage poly-anion (fluoro)phosphate cathode materials than those of sulfide-based ones. Our theoretical work provides rational design principles for screening and guiding iodide-based C2/m-Na3XI6 (X = Sc, Y, La, and In) as promising Na superionic conductor candidates used in all-solid-state energy storage applications.

2.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 216: 1-13, 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35777503

RESUMO

Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (HUMSCs) are one of the most attractive sources of stem cells, and it is meaningful to design and develop a type of microcarriers with suitable mechanical strength for HUMSCs proliferation in order to acquire enough cells for cell-based therapy. Alginate-gelatin core-shell (AG) soft microcarriers were thus fabricated via a microfluidic device with droplet shearing/gelation facilities and surface coating for in vitro expansion of HUMSCs. The attachment and proliferation of HUMSCs on AG microcarriers with different mechanical strengths modulated by gelatin coating was studied, and the harvested cells were characterized to verity their differentiation potential. The obtained core-shell microcarriers were all uniform in size with a high mono-dispersity (CV < 5 %). An increase in the gelatin surface coating concentration from 0.5 % to 1.5 % would lead to the reduction in both the particle size of the microcarriers and swelling ratio upon the contact of culture medium, but increased elastic modulus. Microcarriers of 245.12 µm with a gelatin coating elastic modulus of 27.5 kPa (AG10) were found to be the optimal substrate for HUMSCs with an initial attachment efficiency of 44.41 % and a 5-day expansion efficiency of 647 %. The cells harvested from AG10 still reserved their outstanding pluripotency. Fresh AG10 could smoothly transfer cells from a running microcarrier-cell system of confluence to serve as a convenient way of scaling-up the existing culture. The current study thus developed suitable microcarriers, AG10, for in vitro HUMSCs expansion with well reserve of cell multipotency, and also provided a manufacturing and surface manipulating strategy of precise production and fine regulation of microcarrier properties.

3.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(9)2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35591342

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) magnetic materials exhibiting unique 2D-limit magnetism have attracted great attention due to their potential applications in ultrathin spintronic devices. These 2D magnetic materials and their heterostructures provide a unique platform for exploring physical effect and exotic phenomena. However, the degradation of most 2D magnetic materials at ambient conditions has so far hindered their characterization and integration into ultrathin devices. Furthermore, the effect of degradation on magnetoelectric transport properties, which is measured for the demonstration of exotic phenomena and device performance, has remained unexplored. Here, the first experimental investigation of the degradation of CrBr3 flakes and its effect on magnetoelectric transport behavior in devices is reported. The extra magnetic compounds derived from oxidation-related degradation play a significant role in the magnetoelectric transport in CrBr3 devices, greatly affecting the magnetoresistance and conductivity. This work has important implications for studies concerning 2D magnetic materials measured, stored, and integrated into devices at ambient conditions.

4.
Mol Biotechnol ; 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435590

RESUMO

The MADS-box gene family has multiple molecular and biological functions in plants. Here, the LiSEP3 gene of the MADS-box gene family of' 'Sorbonne' was obtained by homologous cloning using the petals of the flowering stage of Lilium Oriental Hybrid 'Sorbonne.' The ORF full-length sequence is 729 bp, encoding 242 amino acids. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the relative molecular weight of the LiSEP3 protein is 27.67 kD and the isoelectric point (pI) is 9.16. The prediction result of the gene positioning is transcription in its nucleus. Homologous alignment of amino acid sequences showed that the protein not only had typical MADS-box and K-box domains, but also contained two short and relatively conservative SEP motifs. The phylogenetic tree showed that the amino acid sequence encoded by the LiSEP3 gene had the closest relationship with SEP3 in monocotyledon plants such as Apostasia odorata. The results of real-time PCR showed that LiSEP3 gene was mainly expressed in petal. During flower development, the expression level of the LiSEP3 gene showed an overall trend of initially increasing and then decreasing. The flowering time of LiSEP3 transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana L. plants was earlier than that of wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana L. plants, compared with wild type, the number of rosette leaves is less. In the transgenic plants, the expression of flowering-associated AtSPL5 and AtGI genes was up-regulated, while the expression of AtSVP and AtFRI genes that inhibit flowering was down-regulated, which was consistent with the statistical results of the flowering time of LiSEP3 transgenic plants. Our results illustrate that the heterologous expression of SEP3 functional genes in the MADS-box family promoted the flowering period of transgenic plants of this hybrid. This research provides a theoretical basis for improving the flowering period of ornamental plants through plant genetic engineering technology and enhancing their economic and social values.

5.
Int J Environ Health Res ; : 1-13, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35481410

RESUMO

Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) is an environmental pollutant widely exposed to human beings. While the relationship between BaP and missed abortion is few understood. To explore the association between missed abortion and BaP, genetic polymorphisms of AhR pathway, we recruited 112 cases women with missed abortion and 137 controls women with normal pregnancy from Shanxi, China. The BPDE-DNA adducts level in the case group was higher than that in the control group (P < 0.001). The subjects were categorized according to the tertiles of BPDE-DNA adduct concentrations: T1 (

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(17): 19569-19578, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442031

RESUMO

Moisture-triggered electricity generator (MEG) harvesting energy from the ubiquity of atmospheric moisture is one of the promising potential candidates for renewable power demand. However, MEG device performance is strongly dependent on the moisture concentration, which results in its large fluctuation of the electrical output. Here, a Janus heterojunction MEG device consisting of nanostructured silicon and hygroscopic polyelectrolyte incorporating hydrophilic carbon nanotube mesh is proposed to enable ambient moisture harvesting and continuous stable electrical output delivery. The nanostructured silicon with a large surface/volume ratio provides strong coupling interaction with water molecules for charge generation. A polyelectrolyte of polydiallyl dimethylammonium chloride (PDDA) can facilitate charge selective transporting and enhance the effectiveness of moisture-absorbing in an arid environment simultaneously. The conductive, porous, and hydrophilic carbon nanotube mesh allows water to be ripped through as well as the generated charges being collected timely. As such, any generated charge carriers in the Janus heterojunction can be efficiently swept toward their respective electrodes, because of the device asymmetric contact. A MEG device continuously delivers an open-circuit voltage of 1.0 V, short-circuit current density of 8.2 µA/cm2, and output power density of 2.2 µW/cm2 under an ambient environment (60% relative humidity, 25 °C), which is a record value over the previously reported values. Furthermore, the infrared thermal measurements also reveal that the moisture-triggered electricity generation power is likely ascribed to surrounding thermal energy collected by the MEG device. Our results provide an insightful rationale for the design of device structure and understanding of the working mechanism of MEG, which is of great importance to promote the efficient electricity conversion induced by moisture in the atmosphere.

7.
ACS Omega ; 7(10): 8466-8482, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35309492

RESUMO

Chaigui granules were a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparation with antidepressant effects derived from a famous antidepressant prescription. It was of great significance to clarify the antidepressant mechanism of Chaigui granules for the clinical application of this drug. In this study, a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) depression model was successfully established, and behavioral indicators were used to evaluate the antidepressant effect. Second, the CD4+, CD8+, and CD4+/CD8+ levels were detected in peripheral blood. Meanwhile, the amount of inflammatory cytokines was determined in serum. Correspondingly, LC/MS-based peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) metabolomics was used to investigate vital metabolic pathways participating in the antidepressive effects of Chaigui granules. Finally, bioinformatics technology was further employed to discover the potential antidepressant mechanism of Chaigui granules regulating the immune system. The results suggested that the administration of Chaigui granules significantly improved CUMS-induced depressive symptoms. Chaigui granules could improve immune function by regulating T lymphocyte subsets, increasing anti-inflammatory cytokine levels of IL-2 and IL-10, and reducing pro-inflammatory cytokine levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6. In addition, metabolomics results of PBMCs showed that Chaigui granules improved 14 of the 25 potential biomarkers induced by CUMS. Metabolic pathway analyses indicated that purine metabolism was the critical metabolic pathway regulated by Chaigui granules. Furthermore, correlation analysis indicated that 13 key biomarkers were related to immune-related indicators. The metabolite-gene network of 13 key biomarkers was investigated by using bioinformatics. The investigation showed that 10 targets (5'-nucleotidase ecto; 5'-nucleotidase, cytosolic IB; 5'-nucleotidase, cytosolic II; etc.), mainly belong to the purine metabolism, might be potential targets for Chaigui granules to exert their antidepressant effects by improving immune function impairment. Together, our results suggested that Chaigui granules might exert antidepressant effects by improving immune function and regulating the purine metabolic pathway in PBMCs. This work used PBMCs metabolomics as an entry point to study the antidepressant mechanism of Chaigui granules, which provided a new way to elucidate the mechanism of a traditional Chinese medicine prescription.

8.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(5)2022 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35268943

RESUMO

Exploration for the new members of air-stable 2D antiferromagnetic magnets to widen the magnetic families has drawn great attention due to its potential applications in spintronic devices. In addition to seeking the intrinsic antiferromagnets, externally introducing antiferromagnetic ordering in existing 2D materials, such as structural regulation and phase engineering, may be a promising way to modulate antiferromagnetism in the 2D limit. In this work, the in situ nitrogen doping growth of ultrathin 2D Cr2S3 nanoflakes has been achieved. Antiferromagnetic ordering in 2D Cr2S3 nanoflakes can be triggered by nitrogen doping induced new phase (space group P3¯1c). This work provides a new route to realize antiferromagnetism in atomically thin 2D magnets and greatly extend applications of 2D magnets in valleytronics and spintronics.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 206: 188-202, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35227707

RESUMO

Plant pathogenic fungi encode and secrete effector proteins to promote pathogenesis. In recent years, the important role of effector proteins in fungi and plant host interactions has become increasingly prominent. In this review, the functional characterization and molecular mechanisms by which fungal effector proteins modulate biological processes and suppress the defense of plant hosts are discussed, with an emphasis on cell localization during fungal infection. This paper also provides a comprehensive review of bioinformatic and experimental methods that are currently available for the identification of fungal effector proteins. We additionally summarize the secretion pathways and the methods for verifying the presence effector proteins in plant host cells. For future research, comparative genomic studies of different pathogens with varying life cycles will allow comprehensive and systematic identification of effector proteins. Additionally, functional analysis of effector protein interactions with a wider range of hosts (especially non-model crops) will provide more detailed repertoires of fungal effectors. Identifying effector proteins and verifying their functions will improve our understanding of their role in causing disease and in turn guide future strategies for combatting fungal infections.


Assuntos
Fungos , Doenças das Plantas , Produtos Agrícolas , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Fungos/metabolismo , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Virulência
10.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(4)2022 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35207886

RESUMO

Photo-modulated magnetism has become an emerging method for technological applications, such as magneto-optical devices. In this work, by introducing oxygen during rapid thermal annealing, NiFe/NiFe2O4 core/shell nanoparticles were successfully fabricated by pulsed laser deposition. Obvious photo-modulated ferromagnetism was observed in core/shell nanoparticles confined in Al2O3 film. Theoretical and experimental investigations indicate much more photogenerated electrons are captured at the interface of NiFe/NiFe2O4 compared with NiFe nanoparticles due to interfacial effect, resulting in the improved ferromagnetism under light irradiation. This work provides a promising strategy for optical engineering design of optical information storage, high-speed wireless communication, and magneto-optical semiconductor devices.

11.
Microbiol Res ; 256: 126952, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34968824

RESUMO

Fusarium proliferatum causes the crown rot of harvested banana fruit but the underling infection mechanism remains unclear. Here, proteomic changes of the banana peel with and without inoculation of F. proliferatum were evaluated. In addition, we investigated the effects of F. proliferatum infection on cell structure, hormone content, primary metabolites and defense-related enzyme activities in the banana peel. Our results showed that F. proliferatum infection mainly affects cell wall components and inhibits the activities of polyphenoloxidase, peroxidase, and chitinase. Gel free quantitative proteomic analysis showed 92 down-regulated and 29 up-regulated proteins of banana peel after F. proliferatum infection. These proteins were mainly related to defense response to biotic stress, chloroplast structure and function, JA signaling pathway, and primary metabolism. Although jasmonic acid (JA) content and JA signaling component coronatine-insensitive (COI) protein were induced by F. proliferatum infection, JA-responsible defense genes/proteins were downregulated. In contrast, expression of senescence-related genes was induced by F. proliferatum, indicating that F. proliferatum modulated the JA signaling to accelerate the senescence of banana fruit. Additionally, salicylic acid (SA) content and SA signaling for resistance acquisition were inhibited by F. proliferatum. Taken together, these results suggest that F. proliferatum depolymerizes the cell wall barrier, impairs the defense system in banana fruit, and activates non-defensive JA-signaling pathway accelerated the senescence of banana fruit. This study provided the elucidation of the prominent pathways disturbed by F. proliferatum in banana fruit, which will facilitate the development of a new strategy to control crown rot of banana fruit and improvement of banana cultivars.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Musa , Frutas , Proteômica
12.
Clin Lab ; 67(12)2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34910427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is a life-threatening infectious disease and causes high morbidity and mortality. No information about Cryptococcal meningitis in populations with Sjogren's syndrome (SS) was available. METHODS: This report details the first case of Cryptococcal meningitis in a 75-year-old female patient with 10-years history of Sjogren's syndrome. RESULTS: Detailed findings of C. neoformans from CSF examinations, including routine examination, India ink stain, immunological test, culturing, mass spectrum analysis and molecular biology identification were all delineated in this case, which facilitated understanding of detection methods in C. neoformans infection. The etiological exploration was initiated from a positive finding of yeast cells in routine examination of unstained CSF in the present case. Morphology description of C. neoformans in unstained CSF was depicted for the first time. CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should consider the possible complication of Cryptococcal meningitis when patients with Sjogren's syndrome show neurological symptoms. Importance of screening yeast cells from unstained CSF for routine examination was emphasized, which may reduce errors in cell counting and trigger further etiological ex-ploration of C. neoformans infection in laboratory and clinical practice.


Assuntos
Criptococose , Cryptococcus neoformans , Meningite Criptocócica , Síndrome de Sjogren , Idoso , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Feminino , Humanos , Meningite Criptocócica/complicações , Meningite Criptocócica/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico
13.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 458, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drought stress has great negative effects on the plant growth and development. The tolerance of plants to such abiotic stress is triggered by complicated and multilayered signaling pathways to restore cellular homeostasis and to promote survival. The WRKY family is one of the largest transcription factor families in higher plants, and has been well recognized for the roles in regulating plants tolerance to abiotic and biotic stress. However, little is known about how the WRKY genes regulate drought resistance in cotton. RESULTS: In this work, we identified the WRKY transcription factor GhWRKY1-like from upland cotton as a positive regulator of tolerance to drought that directly manipulates abscisic acid (ABA) biosynthesis. Overexpression of GhWRKY1-like in Arabidopsis constitutively activated ABA biosynthesis genes, signaling genes, responsive genes and drought related maker genes, and led to enhanced tolerance to drought. Further analysis has shown that GhWRKY1-like can interact with "W-box" cis-elements of the promoters of AtNCED2, AtNCED5, AtNCED6 and AtNCED9 which are essential enzymes for ABA biosynthesis, and promotes the expression of those target genes. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, our findings suggest that GhWRKY1-like may act as a positive regulator in Arabidopsis tolerance to drought via directly interacting with the promoters of AtNCED2, AtNCED5, AtNCED6 and AtNCED9 to promote ABA biosynthesis.


Assuntos
Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Desidratação/genética , Desidratação/fisiopatologia , Gossypium/genética , Gossypium/metabolismo , Produtos Agrícolas/genética , Produtos Agrícolas/metabolismo , Secas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Fatores de Transcrição
14.
Environ Pollut ; 288: 117793, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274647

RESUMO

Mycotoxins are increasingly considered as micropollutants in the environment. Fumonisins, as one of the most important mycotoxins, cause potential health threats to humans and animals due to their ubiquitous contamination on cereals, fruit, vegetables and other environmental samples around the world. However, the contribution of fumonisins to the interaction of fungi with plant hosts is not still fully understood. Here, we investigated the effect of fumonisin B1 (FB1) on the infection of Fusarium proliferatum on banana fruit and the underlying mechanisms from the host perspective. Our results found that FB1 treatment increased the aggressiveness of F. proliferatum on banana fruit and inhibited the defense ability of banana fruit via decreasing phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), ß-1,3-glucanase (GLU) and chitinase (CHI) activities. Meanwhile, FB1 accelerated cell death, indicated by higher relative conductivity, MDA content and higher transcripts of cell death-related genes. FB1 treatment resulted in higher hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content possibly due to MaRBOHs induction. These consequences accelerated the ROS-dependent cell death, which subsequently result in reduction of disease resistance of banana fruit. Additionally, energy metabolism and MaDORN1s-mediated eATP signaling might involve in FB1-meidiated suppression of banana defense responses. Collectively, results of the current study indicated that FB1 contamination triggered the cell death of banana peel, subsequently instigating the invasion and growth of F. proliferatum on banana fruit. In summary, for the first time, we demonstrated a previously unidentified role of fumonisins as a potential virulence factor of F. proliferatum in modulating fruit defense response, which provides new insight on the biological roles of fumonisins.


Assuntos
Fumonisinas , Fusarium , Musa , Animais , Frutas , Fumonisinas/toxicidade , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(15): 17902-17909, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843207

RESUMO

Hydrovoltaic devices are proposed as an alternative way to directly generate electricity due to the ubiquity of water and its interaction with specific porous structures. At present, the output power density of the reported device is limited by its low current density arising from the low surface charge density and inferior charge transport capability of the active materials. In this work, an asymmetric structure consisting of positively charged conductive polyaniline (PANI) and negatively charged Ti3C2TX MXene is proposed to build a hydrovoltaic device to achieve high conductivity and surface charge density simultaneously. An extra polyvinyl alcohol layer is utilized between PANI and MXene to reserve the asymmetric structure and maintain a constant voltage output. As a result, a peak current density of 1.8 mA/cm2 is achieved, which is 18 times higher than the previous peak current density of the device with an inert electrode. Our work of incorporating an asymmetric structure provides an alternative way to target high-efficiency hydrovoltaic devices with a large current density.

16.
ACS Nano ; 15(4): 7472-7481, 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834766

RESUMO

Direct electricity generation from water flow/evaporation, coined hydrovoltaic effect, has recently attracted intense interest as a facile approach to harvest green energy from ubiquitous capillary water flow or evaporation. However, the current hydrovoltaic device is inferior in output power efficiency compared to other renewable energy devices. Slow water evaporation rate and inefficient charge collection at device electrodes are two fundamental drawbacks limiting energy output efficiency. Here, we report a bioinspired hierarchical porous fabric electrode that enables high water evaporation rate, efficient charge collection, and rapid charge transport in nanostructured silicon-based hydrovoltaic devices. Such an electrode can efficiently collect charges generated in nanostructured silicon as well as induce a prompt water evaporation rate. At room temperature, the device can generate an open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 550 mV and a short-current density (Jsc) of 22 µA·cm-2. It can output a power density over 10 µW·cm-2, which is 3 orders of magnitude larger than all those reported for analogous hydrovoltaic devices. Our results could supply an effective strategy for the development of high-performance hydrovoltaic devices through optimizing electrode structures.

17.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 193(9): 2742-2758, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826065

RESUMO

Ni2+-functionalized porous ceramic/agarose composite beads (Ni-NTA Cerose) can be used as carrier materials to immobilize enzymes harboring a metal affinity tag. Here, a 6×His-tag fusion alcohol dehydrogenase Mu-S5 and glucose dehydrogenase from Bacillus megaterium (BmGDH) were co-immobilized on Ni-NTA Cerose to construct a packed bed reactor (PBR) for the continuous synthesis of the chiral intermediate (S)-(4-chlorophenyl)-(pyridin-2-yl) methanol ((S)-CPMA) NADPH recycling, and in situ product adsorption was achieved simultaneously by assembling a D101 macroporous resin column after the PBR. Using an optimum enzyme activity ratio of 2:1 (Mu-S5: BmGDH) and hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin as co-solvent, a space-time yield of 1560 g/(L·d) could be achieved in the first three days at a flow rate of 5 mL/min and substrate concentration of 10 mM. With simplified selective adsorption and extraction procedures, (S)-CPMA was obtained in 84% isolated yield.


Assuntos
Álcool Desidrogenase/química , Álcoois/síntese química , Bacillus megaterium/enzimologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Cerâmica/química , Enzimas Imobilizadas/química , Glucose 1-Desidrogenase/química , Sefarose/química , Álcoois/química , Porosidade
18.
Neuropsychol Rev ; 31(3): 402-418, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656701

RESUMO

While converging evidence suggests linguistic roles of white matter tracts, detailed associations between white matter alterations of dual pathways and language abilities remain unknown in aphasic patients. We aimed to verify language functions of dual-pathway tracts from specific domains and investigate the influence of moderators. PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and CENTRAL were searched for studies published between January 1, 1985 and March 17, 2019. A meta-analysis of 46 studies including 1353 aphasic patients was performed by pooling correlation coefficients between linguistic domains and diffusion metrics of dual-pathway tracts. Among these tracts, the fractional anisotropy (FA) value of the left inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus predominated across most linguistic aspects, showing the strongest correlations with global severity, comprehension, naming and reading ability. The left uncinate fasciculus and inferior longitudinal fasciculus also showed significant FA - comprehension correlations. For syntactic processing, FA values of the left superior longitudinal fasciculus and arcuate fasciculus showed significant positive correlations. Meta-regression revealed no influence of etiology on FA - language correlations, while sex had a moderating effect on the FA - comprehension correlation of the arcuate fasciculus, and age influenced the FA - naming correlation in the superior longitudinal fasciculus. In conclusion, multifunctional characteristics of tracts were revealed in aphasic patients, including broad linguistic associations of the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, and repetition and syntactic involvement of the arcuate fasciculus. Language associations of the inferior longitudinal fasciculus and uncinate fasciculus were clarified regarding comprehension subdomains. The insignificant moderating effect of the etiology indicates damage of dual pathways is the common neural mechanism, while sex and age influence the correlation with comprehension and naming ability, respectively, in specific tracts.


Assuntos
Afasia , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Substância Branca , Afasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Afasia/etiologia , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Humanos , Vias Neurais/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(8): 10656-10663, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33595292

RESUMO

The efforts toward the experimental realization of spin-polarized transports in ideal materials or platforms, such as the magnetized graphene or various quantum Hall states, is a research hotspot in spintronics. Magnetic van der Waals materials open the door for exploring various physical phenomena, technologies, and integrating novel spintronic devices seamlessly within the 2D limit. Here, we demonstrate magnetic proximity effect in chromium trichloride (CrCl3)/bilayer graphene (BLG) heterostructures by low-temperature transport measurements. An effective exchange field induced in BLG has been demonstrated by the Zeeman spin Hall effect via nonlocal measurements. Furthermore, the exchange field modulates the quantum Hall ground state of BLG and thus favors the formation of a canted antiferromagnetic (CAF) phase in an external perpendicular magnetic field (B⊥). Asymmetric nonlocal magneto-transport behaviors are also observed at opposite B⊥ directions, due to the asymmetric modulation on the exchange field by external B⊥ directions. Our work suggests that the 2D magnetic van der Waals materials and graphene hybrid systems offer a unique platform for quantum Hall ferromagnetism physics.

20.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 48, 2021 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33531462

RESUMO

In response to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, over 200 vaccine candidates against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-2019) are under development and currently moving forward at an unparalleled speed. The availability of surrogate endpoints would help to avoid large-scale filed efficacy trials and facilitate the approval of vaccine candidates, which is crucial to control COVID-19 pandemic. Several phase 3 efficacy trials of COVID-19 vaccine candidates are under way, which provide opportunities for the determination of COVID-19 correlates of protection. In this paper, we review current knowledge for existence of COVID-19 correlates of protection, methods for assessment of immune correlates of protection and issues related to COVID-19 correlates of protection.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Biomarcadores , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Humanos
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