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1.
Environ Int ; 139: 105685, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247104

RESUMO

The disposal of reverse osmosis (RO) concentrate (ROC) is a critical challenge impeding the application of RO-based wastewater reclamation. Herein, we proposed an enhanced biotreatment approach for the simultaneous removal of nitrogen, phosphorous, hardness, and methylisothiazolinone (MIT) from ROC by suspended-solid phase cultivation of Scenedesmus sp. LX1. Repeated carrier addition, guided by the developed optimal carrier addition model, efficiently enhanced algal growth and contaminant removal through dynamically controlling the suspended algal density by cell attachment. The maximum algal growth rate (212.2 mg/(L∙d)) increased by 41% compared with the control, and the time needed for reaching the maximum algal biomass (906.7 mg/L) was shortened by 1 d, attributing to the mitigation of density restriction. 91.8% of nitrogen (30.2 mg/L) was removed with 5.5 mg/(L∙d) accelerating removal rate, and phosphate (3.7 mg/L) was completely removed within 1 d. Hardness precursors calcium and inorganic carbon were also removed in large amounts, 268.4 and 128.2 mg/L, respectively. Moreover, suspended-solid phase cultivation significantly mitigated the growth inhibition caused by MIT toxicity, enabled the algae to completely biodegrade MIT of extremely high concentrations (4.7 mg/L and 11.4 mg/L) in a short time. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of suspended-solid phase algal cultivation for simultaneously and effectively removing multiple main contaminants from ROC.

2.
Br J Haematol ; 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155663

RESUMO

To investigate the cellular mechanisms of multiple myeloma (MM), we used liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for proteomics analysis of CD138+ plasma cells from patients with MM and healthy controls. We found that the 60-kDa heat shock protein (HSP60, also known as HSPD1) was significantly upregulated in myeloma cells. HSP60 is an important chaperone protein that regulates the homeostasis of mitochondrial proteins and maintains mitochondrial function. Knockdown (KD) of HSP60 in myeloma cells resulted in inhibition of proliferation and reduced the quality of the mitochondria. Mitochondrial stress tests showed that HSP60 KD inhibited glycolysis and mitochondrial activity. Metabolomics showed a decrease in glycolysis and tricarboxylic acid cycle metabolites, and inhibited the formation of creatine and phosphocreatine by the reaction of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) with amino acids mediated by demethyladenosine transferase 1, mitochondrial (TFB1M) and reduced energy storage substances. Moreover, HSP60 silencing influenced the synthesis of ribonucleotides and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) by the pentose phosphate pathway to inhibit cell proliferation. HSP60 KD inhibited 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which inhibited the key enzyme 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3), effecting the metabolism of fatty acids by inhibiting malonyl-coenzyme A. Our data suggest that reduced HSP60 expression alters metabolic reprogramming in MM, inhibits tumour progression and reduces mitochondrial-dependent biosynthesis, suggesting that HSP60 is a potential therapeutic target for MM treatment.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188054

RESUMO

Recent evidence has indicated that fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) regulates longitudinal bone growth, with increased FGF21 levels leading to bone loss. The present study evaluated the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and serum FGF21 levels in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). We analyzed blood samples from 95 patients undergoing HD and measured BMD using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry of the lumbar vertebrae (L2-L4). Serum FGF21 concentrations were determined using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Thirteen (11.6%) patients were found to have osteoporosis, 27 (28.4%) osteopenia, and 57 patients had normal BMD. Advanced age and decreased body mass index, height, body weight, waist circumference, and triglyceride level were associated with lower lumbar T-scores, as were increased alkaline phosphatase, urea reduction rate, fractional clearance index for urea, and FGF21 levels. Low log-FGF21, increased body mass index, increased pre-HD body weight, and increased logarithmically transformed triglycerides (log-TG) were found to be significantly and independently associated with lumbar BMD by multivariate forward stepwise linear regression analysis with adjustment for significant confounders. We conclude that high serum FGF21 level is negatively associated with BMD in patients undergoing HD.

4.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176675

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Segmentation of magnetic resonance images (MRI) of the left ventricle (LV) plays a key role in quantifying the volumetric functions of the heart, such as the area, volume, and ejection fraction. Traditionally, LV segmentation is performed manually by experienced experts, which is both time-consuming and prone to subjective bias. This study aims to develop a novel capsule-based automated segmentation method to automatically segment the LV from images obtained by cardiac MRI. METHOD: The technique applied for segmentation uses Fourier analysis and the circular Hough transform (CHT) to indicate the approximate location of the LV and a network capsule to precisely segment the LV. The neurons of the capsule network output a vector and preserve much of the information about the input by replacing the largest pooling layer with convolutional strides and dynamic routing. Finally, the segmentation result is postprocessed by threshold segmentation and morphological processing to increase the accuracy of LV segmentation. RESULTS: We fully exploit the capsule network to achieve the segmentation goal and combine LV detection and capsule concepts to complete LV segmentation. In the experiments, the tested methods achieved LV Dice scores of 0.922±0.05 end-diastolic (ED) and 0.898±0.11 end-systolic (ES) on the ACDC 2017 data set. The experimental results confirm that the algorithm can effectively perform LV segmentation from a cardiac magnetic resonance image. To verify the performance of the proposed method, visual and quantitative comparisons are also performed, which show that the proposed method exhibits improved segmentation accuracy compared with the traditional method. CONCLUSIONS: The evaluation metrics of medical image segmentation indicate that the proposed method in combination with postprocessing and feature detection effectively improves segmentation accuracy for cardiac MRI. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to use a deep learning model based on capsule networks to systematically evaluate end-to-end LV segmentation.

5.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1107: 127-134, 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200886

RESUMO

We present a facile sample partitioning method to enable rapid and low-cost digital PCR (dPCR) assays. By subdividing a high percentage of the sample volume into a large number of equal volume compartments with a self-digitization (SD) chip, this method can achieve a low-waste and high-order sample discretization in a matter of minutes. The SD chip contains a set of parallel microfluidic channels used for sample delivery, and each channel is connected with two rows of cylindrical wells to hold the discretized sample. By utilizing a degassed PDMS sealing slab as a detachable vacuum pumping source, the SD chip automatically generate large arrays of small sample volumes without requirement of external pumping and valving components. Unlike most microfluidic chamber-based methods for sample discretization, our detachable SD chip allows for discretizing sample with air flushing, then peeling off the cover PDMS slab and sealing the digitized samples with oil layer. Due to obviation of time-consuming oil flushing, such microfluidic device can achieve much faster digitization of sample volumes. Furthermore, this digitization chip can partition more than 90% of a sample volume, which is important for the applications where the amount of material available is small. We also demonstrated the utility of the proposed SD chip by applying it to a dPCR assay.

6.
Psychoneuroendocrinology ; 115: 104630, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32120018

RESUMO

Sex hormones are thought to influence human mate preferences. Previous studies have reported mixed results regarding the association between men's testosterone levels and their mate preferences. The present study investigated the effect of testosterone administration on men's facial femininity preference. Heterosexual Chinese male participants (n = 140) received a single dose of 150 mg testosterone or placebo gel in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, between-participant design. Results showed that Chinese men demonstrated general preferences for feminized women's faces, consistent with previous results from the Western population. More importantly, men showed stronger attraction to femininity in women's faces three hours after testosterone administration than at the beginning of the session. In the placebo group, no significant change in facial femininity preferences was found between time points. These results indicate that exogenous testosterone increases men's facial femininity preferences in a Chinese population.

7.
Immunohorizons ; 4(2): 93-107, 2020 02 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086319

RESUMO

TLR7 and TLR8 are pattern recognition receptors that reside in the endosome and are activated by ssRNA molecules. TLR7 and TLR8 are normally part of the antiviral defense response, but they have also been implicated as drivers of autoimmune diseases such as lupus. The receptors have slightly different ligand-binding specificities and cellular expression patterns that suggest they have nonredundant specialized roles. How the roles of TLR7 and TLR8 differ may be determined by which cell types express each TLR and how the cells respond to activation of each receptor. To provide a better understanding of the effects of TLR7/8 activation, we have characterized changes induced by TLR-specific agonists in different human immune cell types and defined which responses are a direct consequence of TLR7 or TLR8 activation and which are secondary responses driven by type I IFN or cytokines produced subsequent to the primary response. Using cell sorting, gene expression analysis, and intracellular cytokine staining, we have found that the IFN regulatory factor (IRF) and NF-κB pathways are differentially activated downstream of the TLRs in various cell types. Studies with an anti-IFNAR Ab in human cells and lupus mice showed that inhibiting IFN activity can block secondary IFN-induced gene expression changes downstream of TLR7/8 activation, but not NF-κB-regulated genes induced directly by TLR7/8 activation at earlier timepoints. In summary, these results elucidate the different roles TLR7 and TLR8 play in immunity and inform strategies for potential treatment of autoimmune diseases driven by TLR7/8 activation.

8.
J Clin Epidemiol ; 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Depression symptom questionnaires are not for diagnostic classification. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scores ≥10 are nonetheless often used to estimate depression prevalence. We compared PHQ-9 ≥10 prevalence to Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (SCID) major depression prevalence and assessed whether an alternative PHQ-9 cutoff could more accurately estimate prevalence. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Individual participant data meta-analysis of datasets comparing PHQ-9 scores to SCID major depression status. RESULTS: A total of 9,242 participants (1,389 SCID major depression cases) from 44 primary studies were included. Pooled PHQ-9 ≥10 prevalence was 24.6% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 20.8%, 28.9%); pooled SCID major depression prevalence was 12.1% (95% CI: 9.6%, 15.2%); and pooled difference was 11.9% (95% CI: 9.3%, 14.6%). The mean study-level PHQ-9 ≥10 to SCID-based prevalence ratio was 2.5 times. PHQ-9 ≥14 and the PHQ-9 diagnostic algorithm provided prevalence closest to SCID major depression prevalence, but study-level prevalence differed from SCID-based prevalence by an average absolute difference of 4.8% for PHQ-9 ≥14 (95% prediction interval: -13.6%, 14.5%) and 5.6% for the PHQ-9 diagnostic algorithm (95% prediction interval: -16.4%, 15.0%). CONCLUSION: PHQ-9 ≥10 substantially overestimates depression prevalence. There is too much heterogeneity to correct statistically in individual studies.

9.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 30(1): 55-61, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy of 3 chemotherapeutic combinations for laparoscopic hyperthermic intraperitoneal perfusion chemotherapy (HIPPC) in the treatment of malignant ascites secondary to unresectable gastric cancer (GC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2013, 38 GC patients were randomly divided into 3 groups and treated by laparoscopic HIPPC with 1 of the 3 following chemotherapy combinations: raltitrexed (Ra) with oxaliplatin (L-OHP), Ra with cisplatin (DDP), and Ra with mitomycin C (MMC). Perioperative complications, patients' quality of life, and survival were recorded and compared among the 3 groups. RESULTS: The intraoperative course was successful in all patients, and no perioperative death or complication related to laparoscopic HIPPC was documented. The median follow-up period was 9 months and the median survival was 7.5 months for all patients. Patients in the Ra/L-OHP group had a median survival of 8.7 months, the Ra/DDP group had a median survival of 5.6 months, and the Ra/MMC group had a median survival of 7.5 months. Patients' median survival in the Ra/L-OHP group and Ra/MMC group is significantly longer than Ra/DDP group (P<0.05). No significant difference was found in total remission rate of ascites, increase in the Karnofsky performance scale, and incidence rate of port-site metastases among the 3 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopy-assisted HIPPC provide modest yet encouraging efficacy for malignant ascites secondary to disseminated GC. Our preliminary data indicate that the chemotherapeutical combination of Ra/L-OHP and Ra/MMC might be more beneficial compared with Ra/DDP in terms of patients' survival.

10.
Steroids ; 158: 108604, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084505

RESUMO

The contents of steroids and endocannabinoids along with the ratios between them would be candidate biomarkers for sensitively and comprehensively assessing the role of testosterone in regulating the activities of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, the hypothalamus-pituitaryadrenal (HPA) axis and endogenous cannabinoid system (ECS). However, previous studies mostly used the contents rather than the ratios as biomarkers. This study aimed to systematically screen and identify sensitive biomarkers from 21 candidates including both the contents of nine steroids and one endocannabinoid and their ratios in saliva. Three screening criteria were whether there were intergroup differences, time-dependent changes and considerable relative stability during a 4-h period after exogenous testosterone administration. This study used LC-APCI+-MS/MS to determine the salivary levels of the candidate biomarkers on 62 male healthy undergraduates who were divided into testosterone administration and placebo control groups. The results revealed that salivary testosterone, androstenedione, DHEA and the ratios of testosterone to estradiol and AEA, and of cortisol to testosterone and DHEA were sensitive biomarkers for assessing the effects of testosterone administration on the three neuroendocrine systems because they all showed significant intergroup differences and time-dependent changes and good relative stability. Salivary cortisol, cortisone and the ratios of testosterone to androstenedione and DHEA and of androstenedione to estrone, and of cortisol to cortisone, androstenedione and AEA might be suitable biomarkers because they met only two of the three criteria, but needed to be validated in the future. The rest biomarkers were unsuitable because they mostly showed no significant intergroup differences, blunt time-dependent changes and poor relative stability.

11.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; : 104697, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32093990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial injury is a complication of stroke associated with unfavorable outcome, with the elevation of cardiac troponin as the most sensitive marker. In this study, we aimed at investigating the association between statin pretreatment and poststroke myocardial injury. METHODS: Six hundred seventy-one patients diagnosed as acute ischemic stroke were enrolled. According to the histories of statin pretreatment before stroke, patients were categorized into nonstatin (n = 474) and statin groups (n = 197), with the latter further divided into low-dosage, standard-dosage, and high-dosage subgroups according the dosages of statins. The level of troponin-T was tested and troponin-T level ≥14 ng/l was identified to indicate the presence of myocardial injury. The level of troponin-T and the prevalence of myocardial injury was compared between groups. Logistic regression was used to identify the effect of statin pretreatment for the presence of post-stroke myocardial injury. RESULTS: Statin users had lower levels of troponin-T after stroke, with the level of troponin-T being the lowest in the high-dosage subgroup. The results of logistic regression showed that statin pretreatment and high-dosage statin were independent protective factors for the elevation of troponin-T levels. CONCLUSIONS: Statin pretreatment might be associated with the decreased myocardial injury after ischemic stroke.

12.
Water Res ; 173: 115581, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058153

RESUMO

This study provided an overview of established and emerging nanomaterial (NM)-enabled processes and devices for water disinfection for both centralized and decentralized systems. In addition to a discussion of major disinfection mechanisms, data on disinfection performance (shortest contact time for complete disinfection) and energy efficiency (electrical energy per order; EEO) were collected enabling assessments firstly for disinfection processes and then for disinfection devices. The NM-enabled electro-based disinfection process gained the highest disinfection efficiency with the lowest energy consumption compared with physical-based, peroxy-based, and photo-based disinfection processes owing to the unique disinfection mechanism and the direct mean of translating energy input to microbes. Among the established disinfection devices (e.g., the stirred, the plug-flow, and the flow-through reactor), the flow-through reactor with mesh/membrane or 3-dimensional porous electrodes showed the highest disinfection performance and energy efficiency attributed to its highest mass transfer efficiency. Additionally, we also summarized recent knowledge about current and potential NMs separation and recovery methods as well as electrode strengthening and optimization strategies. Magnetic separation and robust immobilization (anchoring and coating) are feasible strategies to prompt the practical application of NM-enabled disinfection devices. Magnetic separation effectively solved the problem for the separation of evenly distributed particle-sized NMs from microbial solution and robust immobilization increased the stability of NM-modified electrodes and prevented these electrodes from degradation by hydraulic detachment and/or electrochemical dissolution. Furthermore, the study of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was capable of simulating NM-enabled devices, which showed great potential for system optimization and reactor expansion. In this overview, we stressed the need to concern not only the treatment performance and energy efficiency of NM-enabled disinfection processes and devices but also the overall feasibility of system construction and operation for practical application.

13.
Water Res ; 173: 115591, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062226

RESUMO

A process of denitrification filter (DNF) coupled with ultrafiltration (UF) and ozonation (DNF-UF-O3) has been widely applied to advanced nitrogen removal for wastewater reclamation. Despite of the effective removal of nitrogen by DNF, the influence of DNF stage on the operation of UF was still unclear. In this study, a laboratory filtration system was used to investigate the membrane fouling potential of DNF effluent and the fouling control of ozonation. The membrane fouling potential was proved to be increased significantly after DNF stage and alleviated with ozonation treatment. With the help of UV-vis, fluorescence spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and molecular weight (MW) analysis, the change of DOM component characteristics was proved to be in accordance with the change of fouling potential. The water samples were further fractionated into six hydrophobic/hydrophilic acidic/basic/neutral fractions, among which hydrophobic acids (HOA) and hydrophobic neutrals (HON) dominated the membrane fouling potential of DNF effluent. Detailed study of each fraction revealed that higher MW components in HOA and HON played a crucial role in the fouling of UF membrane. The dominant component of membrane fouling could be degraded and removed by ozonation, and therefore significant fouling alleviation was achieved. These results indicated that in the process of wastewater reclamation, besides conventional water quality indexes, more detailed water features should also be taken into consideration to optimize the whole process. Moreover, the control effects by ozonation could be monitored simply according to the change of specific UV absorbance (SUVA) and fluorescence intensity as surrogates in engineering applications. According to these results, a modified DNF-O3-UF process with O3 dosage of 3 mg/L was proposed simply by reversing the sequence of UF and O3 with no more infrastructure. This modified DNF-O3-UF process was expected to enlarge the produce capacity of reclaimed water with much lower electricity costs and chemical consumption.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 80: 106189, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931374

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Liver injury induced by burn plus delayed resuscitation (B + DR) is life threatening in clinical settings. Mitochondrial damage and oxidative stress may account for the liver injury. MitoQ is a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant. We aimed to evaluate whether MitoQ protects against B + DR-induced liver injury. METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into three groups: (1) the sham group; (2) the B + DR group, which was characterized by third-degree burn of 30% of the total body surface area plus delayed resuscitation, and (3) the treatment group, in which rats from the B + DR model received the target treatment. MitoQ was injected intraperitoneally (i.p) at 15 min before resuscitation and shortly after resuscitation. In the vitro experiments, Kupffer cells (KCs) were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury to simulate the B + DR model. Mitochondrial characteristics, oxidative stress, liver function, KCs apoptosis and activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in KCs were measured. RESULTS: B + DR caused liver injury and oxidative stress. Excessive ROS lead to liver injury by damaging mitochondrial integrity and activating the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-NLRP3 axis in KCs. The oxidized mtDNA, which was released into the cytosol during KCs apoptosis, directly bound and activated the NLRP3 inflammasome. MitoQ protected against liver injury by scavenging intracellular and mitochondrial ROS, preserving mitochondrial integrity and function, reducing KCs apoptosis, inhibiting the release of mtDNA, and suppressing the mtDNA-NLRP3 axis in KCs. CONCLUSION: MitoQ protected against B + DR-induced liver injury by suppressing the mtDNA-NLRP3 axis.

15.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(1): 64, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31988283

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is a highly prevalent type of metastatic tumor. The mechanisms underlying GC metastasis are poorly understood. Some long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) reportedly play key roles in regulating metastasis of GC. However, the biological roles of five natural antisense lncRNAs (AC093818.1, CTD-2541M15.1, BC047644, RP11-597M12.1, and RP11-40A13.1) in GC metastasis remain unclear. In this study, the expression of these lncRNAs was measured by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Migration and invasion were evaluated by wound-healing and the Transwell assay, respectively. Stable cells were injected into the tail veins of nude mice. Sections of collected lung and liver tissues were stained using hematoxylin and eosin. Protein expression was analyzed by western blot. RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay was used to verify whether the STAT3 and SP1 transcription factors bound to AC093818.1 in GC cells. Expression levels of the five lncRNAs, especially AC093818.1, were significantly upregulated in metastatic GC tissues relative to those in nonmetastatic GC tissues. AC093818.1 expression was correlated with invasion, lymphatic metastasis, distal metastasis, and tumor-node-metastasis stage. AC093818.1 expression was highly sensitive and specific in the diagnosis of metastatic or nonmetastatic GC. AC093818.1 overexpression promoted GC migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo. AC093818.1 overexpression increased PDK1, p-AKT1, and p-mTOR expression levels. AC093818.1 silencing decreased these expressions. AC093818.1 bound to transcription factors STAT3 and SP1, and SP1 or STAT3 silencing could alleviated the effect of AC093818.1 overexpression. The data demonstrate that lncRNA AC093818.1 accelerates gastric cancer metastasis by epigenetically promoting PDK1 expression. LncRNA AC093818.1 may be a potential therapeutic target for metastatic GC.

16.
J Psychosom Res ; 129: 109892, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911325

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Two previous individual participant data meta-analyses (IPDMAs) found that different diagnostic interviews classify different proportions of people as having major depression overall or by symptom levels. We compared the odds of major depression classification across diagnostic interviews among studies that administered the Depression subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D). METHODS: Data accrued for an IPDMA on HADS-D diagnostic accuracy were analysed. We fit binomial generalized linear mixed models to compare odds of major depression classification for the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID), Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), and Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), controlling for HADS-D scores and participant characteristics with and without an interaction term between interview and HADS-D scores. RESULTS: There were 15,856 participants (1942 [12%] with major depression) from 73 studies, including 15,335 (97%) non-psychiatric medical patients, 164 (1%) partners of medical patients, and 357 (2%) healthy adults. The MINI (27 studies, 7345 participants, 1066 major depression cases) classified participants as having major depression more often than the CIDI (10 studies, 3023 participants, 269 cases) (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.70 (0.84, 3.43)) and the semi-structured SCID (36 studies, 5488 participants, 607 cases) (aOR = 1.52 (1.01, 2.30)). The odds ratio for major depression classification with the CIDI was less likely to increase as HADS-D scores increased than for the SCID (interaction aOR = 0.92 (0.88, 0.96)). CONCLUSION: Compared to the SCID, the MINI may diagnose more participants as having major depression, and the CIDI may be less responsive to symptom severity.

17.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971192

RESUMO

Increasing the voltage window of an electrode material is effective for improving the energy density of aqueous symmetric supercapacitors. Herein, a novel aqueous symmetric supercapacitor equipped with a high cell voltage window of 2.6 V was assembled by P-doped TiO2 nanotube arrays on a Ti sheet. The arrays exhibit a wide potential range of about 1.2 V as the cathode, and a stable wide potential range of 1.4 V as the anode was also obtained. These wide potential windows in the cathode and anode render the symmetric supercapacitor with a very large working voltage window reaching 2.6 V, and thus a high volumetric energy density (1.65 mW h cm-3). These results suggest that P-doped TiO2 nanotube arrays can be promising candidates for energy storage devices.

18.
Molecules ; 25(1)2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31906574

RESUMO

Background: Dracocephalum peregrinum L., a traditional Kazakh medicine, has good expectorant, anti-cough, and to some degree, anti-asthmatic effects. Diosmetin (3',5,7-trihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone), a natural flavonoid found in traditional Chinese herbs, is the main flavonoid in D. peregrinum L. and has been used in various medicinal products because of its anticancer, antimicrobial, antioxidant, estrogenic, and anti-inflammatory effects. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of diosmetin on the proliferation, invasion, and migration of glioma cells, as well as the possible underlying mechanisms. Methods: 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), scratch wound, and Transwell assays were used to demonstrate the effects of diosmetin in glioma. Protein levels of Bcl-2, Bax, cleaved caspase-3, transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß), E-cadherin, and phosphorylated and unphosphorylated smad2 and smad3 were determined by Western blots. U251 glioma cell development and progression were measured in vivo in a mouse model. Results: Diosmetin inhibited U251 cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro, the TGF-ß signaling pathway, and Bcl-2 expression. In contrast, there was a significant increase in E-cadherin, Bax, and cleaved caspase-3 expression. Furthermore, it effectively reduced the tumorigenicity of glioma cells and promoted apoptosis in vivo. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that diosmetin suppresses the growth of glioma cells in vitro and in vivo, possibly by activating E-cadherin expression and inhibiting the TGF-ß signaling pathway.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 713: 136673, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958736

RESUMO

Membrane fouling is an inevitable disadvantage of the reverse osmosis (RO) process for wastewater reclamation. In order to clarify the development process of membrane fouling, all the fouled membranes along a feed channel of a two-stage industrial-scale RO system for wastewater reclamation (six elements in each stage) were autopsied and analyzed. The water flux and salt rejection efficiency of the fouled membranes at the head and tail were the lowest among 12 elements, thereby indicating more severe fouling on these membranes. In this RO system, most of the organic compounds deposited on the head elements of each stage were mainly composed of proteins, polysaccharides, and fulvic acid. The ATP concentrations of the foulants on the first and twelfth elements were much higher than those of the other elements, suggesting severe biofouling. Although microbes can cause organic fouling owing to extracellular polymeric substances production, no clear correlation was found between organic fouling and biofouling in this study. For example, the ATP concentrations on the second element and seventh element were similar (1.16 ng/cm2 and 1.26 ng/cm2, respectively), thereby suggesting a similar extent of biofouling, but organic fouling of the second element was relatively slight (DOC: 24.8 mg/m2) compared with that of the seventh element (DOC: 46.2 mg/m2). The seventh element (ATP: 1.26 ng/cm2) was more severely biofouled than the eighth element (ATP: 0.15 ng/cm2), but they suffered from the same level of organic fouling (DOC: 46.2 mg/m2 and 47.1 mg/m2, respectively). Approximately 70% of metallic elements, predominantly Fe, were deposited on the first element. Although the concentration of Fe in the feed water was much lower than those of Ca and Mg, the concentration of Fe on the first three elements was significantly higher than that of any other element, suggesting that Fe was more easily deposited on the RO membranes.

20.
J Psychosom Res ; 130: 109916, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to critically evaluate the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on cancer-related fatigue (CRF). METHODS: A systematic search of eight databases (Web of Science, Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Spring link, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM) was performed, to find randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from inception to January 2019. Using Cochrane Collaboration criteria, two reviewers critically and independently assessed the risk of bias and extracted correlated data using the designed form. All analyses were performed with Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: In all, fifteen RCTs were included in the systematic review, fourteen of which, consisting of 3008 patients (MBSR, 1502; control, 1506), were included in the meta-analysis. MBSR had a significant effect on fatigue in cancer patients, particularly among lung cancer patients. The meta-analysis also indicated that MBSR could significantly mitigate CRF compared with usual care or no intervention. 8 weeks of MBSR, supervised by experts, had a large effect on CRF. CONCLUSIONS: MBSR is effective for CRF management and can be recommended as a beneficial complementary therapy for CRF patients.

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