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1.
Water Res ; 204: 117605, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488140

RESUMO

The vertical migrations of toxic and persistent short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) in soils as well as the microbial responses have been reported, however, there is a paucity of data on the resulting groundwater contamination. Here, we determined the concentration and congener profile of SCCPs in the groundwater beneath a production plant of chlorinated paraffins (CPs) and characterized the microbial community to explore their responses to SCCPs. Results showed that SCCPs ranged from not detected to 70.3 µg/L, with C13-CPs (11.2-65.8%) and Cl7-CPs (27.2-50.6%), in mass ratio, as the dominant groups. Similar to the distribution pattern in soils, SCCPs in groundwater were distributed in hotspot pattern. CP synthesis was the source of SCCPs in groundwater and the entire contamination plume significantly migrated downgradient, while there was an apparent hysteresis of C13-CP migration. Groundwater microbial community was likely shaped by both hydrogeological condition (pH and depth) and SCCPs. Specifically, the microbial community responded to the contamination by forming a co-occurrence network with "small world" feature, where Desulfobacca, Desulfomonile, Ferritrophicum, Methylomonas, Syntrophobacter, Syntrophorhabdus, Syntrophus, and Thermoanaerobaculum were the keystone taxa. Furthermore, the interrelations between bacterial taxa and SCCPs indicated that the microbial community might cooperate to achieve the dechlorination and mineralization of SCCPs through either anaerobic organohalide respiration mainly functioned by the keystone taxa, or cometabolic degradation processes functioned by Aquabacterium and Hydrogenophaga. Results of this study would provide a better understanding of the environmental behavior and ecological effects of SCCPs in groundwater systems.


Assuntos
Deltaproteobacteria , Água Subterrânea , Microbiota , Parafina , Solo
2.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 51(4): 494-502, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452887

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Gastric cancer is one of the most common gastrointestinal malignancies. miRNAs (microRNAs) have been reported to play a pivotal role in the tumorigenesis of gastric cancer. However, the role of miR-643 in gastric cancer is not fully understood. METHODS: The expression of miR-643 in gastric cancer cell lines was detected by qRT-PCR (quantitative reverse transcription PCR). Cell viability, apoptosis, migration, and invasion were assessed using the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation, flow cytometry, and wound scratch and Transwell assays, respectively. The target gene of miR-643 was predicted by bioinformatics analysis and validated using luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: The expression level of miR-643 in gastric cancer cell lines was lower than in the normal gastric epithelium cell line (GES-1). Overexpression of miR-643 inhibited cell viability and colony formation but promoted cell apoptosis in gastric cancer. Transwell invasion assay and in vitro scratch assay evidenced that miR-643 overexpression inhibited gastric cancer cell migration and invasion. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that miR-643 could directly target TXNDC9 (Thioredoxin domain containing 9), and luciferase reporter assay validated this result. Further analysis showed that miR-643 mimics caused a significant reduction of TXNDC9 in gastric cancer cells. Moreover, TXNDC9 overexpression reversed the effects of miR-643 mimics on gastric cancer cell viability, invasion, and migration. CONCLUSION: miR-643 functions as a potential tumor suppressor in gastric cancer by inhibiting cell viability, colony formation, migration, and invasion via targeting TXNDC9, which provides a novel target for the diagnostic treatment of gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Tiorredoxinas/metabolismo , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Tiorredoxinas/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(13): 17734-17767, 2021 07 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247148

RESUMO

Limited progress has been made in the treatment of gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) in recent years, but the potential of immunotherapy in GAC is worthy of consideration. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable, personalized signature based on immune genes to predict the prognosis of GAC. Here, we identified two groups of patients with significantly different prognoses by performing unsupervised clustering analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database based on 881 immune genes. The immune signature was constructed with a training set composed of 350 GAC samples from the TCGA and subsequently validated with 431 samples from GSE84437, 432 samples from GSE26253, and 145 GAC samples from real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction data. This classification system can also be used to predict prognosis in different clinical subgroups. Further analysis suggested that high-risk patients were characterized by low immune scores, distinctive immune cell proportions, different immune checkpoint profiles, and a low tumor mutational burden. Ultimately, the signature was identified as an independent prognostic factor. In general, the signature can accurately predict recurrence and overall survival in patients with GAC and may serve as a powerful prognostic tool to further optimize cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/imunologia , Imunidade/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Análise por Conglomerados , Biologia Computacional , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Medicina de Precisão , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
4.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(11): 15548-15568, 2021 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106877

RESUMO

Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL) still represents a major cause of disease-related death in children. This study aimed to explore the prognostic value of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cALL. We downloaded lncRNA expression profiles from the TARGET and GEO databases. Univariate, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and multivariate Cox regression analyses were applied to identify lncRNA-based signatures. We identified an eight-lncRNA signature (LINC00630, HDAC2-AS2, LINC01278, AL356599.1, AC114490.1, AL132639.3, FUT8.AS1, and TTC28.AS1), which separated the patients into two groups with significantly different overall survival rates. A nomogram based on the signature, BCR ABL1 status and white blood cell count at diagnosis was developed and showed good accuracy for predicting the 3-, 5- and 7-year survival probability of cALL patients. The C-index values of the nomogram in the training and internal validation set reached 0.8 (95% CI, 0.757 to 0.843) and 0.806 (95% CI, 0.728 to 0.884), respectively. The nomogram proposed in this study objectively and accurately predicted the prognosis of cALL. In vitro experiments suggested that LINC01278 promoted the proliferation of leukemic cells and inhibited leukemic cell apoptosis by targeting the inhibition of miR-500b-3p in cALL, and LINC01278 may be a biological target for the treatment of cALL in the future.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Nomogramas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Adulto , Apoptose/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Criança , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Sobrevida
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 778: 146282, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33714815

RESUMO

The understanding of soil microbial associations to combined contamination would substantially benefit the restoration of damaged ecosystems, which is currently limited at the field scale. In this study, we investigated the soil bacterial associations to combined contamination with metals (Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, and Zn), polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). Samples were collected from field sites under five land-use patterns with electronic waste recycling. Results showed that the contents of Cd (0.22-12.86 mg/kg), Cu (17-14,136 mg/kg), Pb (4.6-77,014 mg/kg), Hg (0.28-22 mg/kg), Zn (26-42,495 mg/kg), PAHs (4.6-1753 µg/kg), and PBDEs (1.9-1079 µg/kg) varied significantly across sites. We observed positive correlations between catalase activity and heavy metals, indicative of a resistance response to the oxidative stress induced by metals. Furthermore, the bacterial community diversity was found to be determined primarily by PBDEs, whereas acenaphthylene, available phosphorus, and 2,2',3,3',4,5,6-heptabrominated diphenyl ether (BDE-183) were the three major drivers affecting community composition. The co-occurrence network constructed for bacterial communities exposed to combined contamination was non-random with scale-free, small-world and modularity features. We further proposed functional roles of the modules including stress resistance, hydrocarbon degradation, and nutrient cycling. Overall, the findings of redundancy analysis, variation partition analysis and the co-occurrence network indicated that soil bacterial community under combined contamination cooperated to survive. Members including Rhodoplanes and Nitrospira were capable of degrading PAHs and PBDEs in various pathways, while others, including Acinetobacter, Citrobacter, and Pseudomonas, reduced the metal toxicity to the community. Our findings provide new insights into the responses of soil bacteria, particularly in terms of inter-specific relationships, under combined contamination at the field scale.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Bactérias , China , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais Pesados/análise , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111420, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080421

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) contamination in soil-rice systems has become a global public concern. However, influencing factors and the contamination threshold of Cd in soils remain largely unknown owing to soil heterogeneity, which limits our ability to assess the risk to human health and to draft appropriate environmental policies. In this study, we selected the soil-rice system of Longtang and Shijiao town in southern China, which was characterized by multi-metal acidic soil contamination due to improper electronic waste recycling activities, as a case to analyze the influence of different soil properties on the Cd threshold in the soil and Cd accumulation in rice. The results showed that soil organic matter (SOM) was the main factor regulating Cd accumulation in the soil-rice system. Moreover, compared with the total Cd concentration, the DTPA-extractable Cd concentration in the soil was a better predictor of Cd transportation in the soil-rice system. According to the prediction model, when SOM was < 35 g kg-1, the CdDTPA threshold was 0.16 mg kg-1 with a 95% likelihood of Cdrice accumulation above the Chinese food standard limit (0.2 mg kg-1). Conversely, when SOM was ≥ 35 g kg-1, the CdDTPA threshold was only 0.03 mg kg-1. This study of the influence of SOM on Cd accumulation in a soil-rice system confirms that SOM is a crucial parameter for better and safer rice production, especially in multi-metal contaminated acidic soils.


Assuntos
Cádmio/análise , Modelos Químicos , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Ácidos , China , Poluição Ambiental , Humanos , Oryza/efeitos dos fármacos , Solo
8.
J Thorac Dis ; 12(Suppl 2): S112-S119, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33214916

RESUMO

Background: In 2007 and 2012, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) updated their scoring criteria for nocturnal respiratory events. We hypothesised that this could have led to changes in the apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)/obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) overlap syndrome. Methods: In a retrospective study, polysomnographic (PSG) recordings of 34 patients with COPD/OSA overlap syndrome were independently analysed using the AASM criteria from 2007 (AASM2007) and 2012 (AASM2012). The primary outcome was the difference in AHI, the secondary outcomes were frequency of hypopnoeas, diagnosis of overlap syndrome and differences between the AASM 2007 recommended (AASM2007Rec) and altered (AASM2007Alt) classifications. Data are presented as mean (standard deviation) if normally distributed, and as median (interquartile range) if non-normally distributed. Results: The PSGs of 34 elderly [aged 67 (7.0) years] and predominantly male (m:f, 31:3) patients with COPD [FEV1%pred 48.4% (19.6%)] were analysed. The AHI using AASM2007Rec criteria was 5.9 (2.0, 15.1) events/hour vs. 20.4 (11.5, 28.0) events/hour using the 2012 criteria (P<0.001); with the AASM2007Alt criteria, the AHI was 15.0 (9.3, 26.3) events/hour (P<0.001). Using the 2012 classification, the number of scored hypopnoeas increased by +48% compared to the AASM2007Rec criteria (P<0.001), 92% of these events were associated with arousal. Although statistically non-significant, using the AASM2007Alt classification, 12% of our cohort would not have been diagnosed with COPD/OSA overlap syndrome (P=0.114), this was also the case for 47% of the cohort when the AASM2007Rec classification was used (P<0.01). Conclusions: The use of the AASM2012 scoring rules results in a significantly higher AHI compared to the AASM2007 criteria in patients with COPD/OSA overlap syndrome, mostly due to an increased number of arousal-associated hypopnoeas. These observations are important for the definition of the COPD/OSA overlap syndrome.

9.
Chemosphere ; 257: 127309, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32535363

RESUMO

Soil degradation due to heavy metal contamination and acidification has negative effects on soil health and crop growth. Many previous studies have tried to improve the growth of crops and decrease their metal uptake. The recovery of soil health, however, has rarely been focused in soil remediation. In this study, a pot trial was conducted with lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) growing in heavy metal contaminated and acidic soils, to examine the effects of alkaline amendments (limestone, LS; calcium magnesium phosphate fertilizer, Pcm) and organic amendments (cow manure compost, CMC; biochar, BC) on the growth of lettuce and on the availability of heavy metals, enzyme activities, and bacterial community structures in the soils. The results showed that, in comparison with the CMC and BC treatments, LS and Pcm were more effective at improving lettuce growth and reducing metal concentrations in shoots. Urease and catalase activities in LS and Pcm amended soils were consistently higher than in those with CMC and BC. Additionally, the alkaline amendments dramatically improved the bacterial diversity and shaped more favorable bacterial community structures. Proteobacteria and Gemmatimonadetes were predominant in soils amended with alkaline treatments. The beneficial bacterial genera Gemmatimonas and f_Gemmatimonadaceae, which are vital for phosphate dissolution, microbial nitrogen metabolism, and soil respiration, were also enriched. The results suggest that alkaline amendments were superior to organic amendments, and thus may be useful for the future recovery of soil functions and health under heavy metal contamination and low pH.


Assuntos
Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos , Metais Pesados/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Animais , Carbonato de Cálcio , Bovinos , Carvão Vegetal , Compostagem , Produtos Agrícolas/metabolismo , Fertilizantes , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Alface/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Solo/química , Microbiologia do Solo , Urease
10.
Environ Pollut ; 262: 114328, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32443216

RESUMO

The distributions of chlorinated paraffins (CPs) in soils and their ecological effects attract much attention, while site-scale data are still scarce. In this study, a comprehensive investigation was performed to understand the CP distributions at a CP production plant brownfield site, as well as their effects on soil microbial community. Short-, medium- and long-chain CPs (SCCPs, MCCPs, LCCPs) were detected in most samples with total contents ranging ND-5,090, ND-6,670, and ND-1450 ng g-1 (dw), respectively. A CP-hotspot was observed 10 m beneath the synthesis workshop, indicating the downward migration of CPs. The consistence of soil SCCP congener profiles with commercial product CP-52 suggested the leakage of CP products as the contamination source. Besides CPs, petroleum hydrocarbons (PHC) contamination also occurred beneath the synthesis workshop. Soil microbial community composition and diversity were significantly influenced by SCCPs (p < 0.05) despite their lower contents compared to other concerned contaminants. Microbial network analysis indicated nonrandom co-occurrence patterns, with Acinetobacter, Brevibacterium, Corynebacterium, Microbacterium, Stenotrophomonas, and Variibacter as the keystone genera. Genera from the same module showed significant ecological links (p < 0.05) and were involved in the degradation of PHCs and chlorinated organic contaminants. This study provides the first phylogenetic look at the microbial communities in CP contaminated soils, indicating that the long-term exposure to CPs and PHCs may lead to microbial group assemblages with the potential for degradation.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/análise , Microbiota , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Parafina/análise , Filogenia , Solo
11.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0230126, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32226034

RESUMO

The generation of genetically modified mouse models derived from gene targeting (GT) in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells (mESCs) has greatly advanced both basic and clinical research. Our previous finding that gene targeting at the Myh9 exon2 site in mESCs has a pronounced high homologous recombination (HR) efficiency (>90%) has facilitated the generation of a series of nonmuscle myosin II (NM II) related mouse models. Furthermore, the Myh9 gene locus has been well demonstrated to be a new safe harbor for site-specific insertion of other exogenous genes. In the current study, we intend to investigate the molecular biology underlying for this high HR efficiency from other aspects. Our results confirmed some previously characterized properties and revealed some unreported observations: 1) The comparison and analysis of the targeting events occurring at the Myh9 and several widely used loci for targeting transgenesis, including ColA1, HPRT, ROSA26, and the sequences utilized for generating these targeting constructs, indicated that a total length about 6 kb with approximate 50% GC-content of the 5' and 3' homologous arms, may facilitate a better performance in terms of GT efficiency. 2) Despite increasing the length of the homologous arms, shifting the targeting site from the Myh9 exon2, to intron2, or exon3 led to a gradually reduced GT frequency (91.7, 71.8 and 50.0%, respectively). This finding provides the first evidence that the HR frequency may also be associated with the targeting site even in the same locus. Meanwhile, the decreased trend of the GT efficiency at these targeting sites was consistent with the reduced percentage of simple sequence repeat (SSR) and short interspersed nuclear elements (SINEs) in the sequences for generating the targeting constructs, suggesting the potential effects of these DNA elements on GT efficiency; 3) Our series of targeting experiments and analyses with truncated 5' and 3' arms at the Myh9 exon2 site demonstrated that GT efficiency positively correlates with the total length of the homologous arms (R = 0.7256, p<0.01), confirmed that a 2:1 ratio of the length, a 50% GC-content and the higher amount of SINEs for the 5' and 3' arms may benefit for appreciable GT frequency. Though more investigations are required, the Myh9 gene locus appears to be an ideal location for identifying HR-related cis and trans factors, which in turn provide mechanistic insights and also facilitate the practical application of gene editing.


Assuntos
Marcação de Genes , Recombinação Homóloga/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Animais , Edição de Genes/métodos , Marcação de Genes/métodos , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas , Transformação Genética
12.
Toxicon ; 178: 82-91, 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135197

RESUMO

T-2 and HT-2 widely found in food products can seriously affect human and animal health. In this study, sterilized corn was inoculated with F. poae and incubated to allow fungal growth before being examined via liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) to determine the concentrations of T-2/HT-2. Broilers were then fed with a mix of moldy corn and normal feed at different ratios to obtain different toxin doses. After 35 days, the contaminated feed was replaced with mycotoxin-free feed and the distribution and concentration of residual toxins in the tissues and organs of the chickens were examined at different time points. The results showed that at the time of feed replacement (0 h), T-2 residue was present at significantly higher concentrations in the lungs and small intestines than in other tissues (P < 0.05). In addition, T-2 concentrations increased in a dose-dependent manner in the tissues of chickens in the low-, medium-, and high-dose groups; however, the differences in concentration between the groups were not statistically significant. The HT-2 content (0 h) in the livers and small intestines was significantly higher than that in other tissues (P < 0.05). At 48 h post-feed replacement, the concentration of T-2 dropped below detectable levels in all tissues while HT-2 could still be detected at 192 h post-feed replacement. Thus, this study reveals the distribution and persistence of residual T-2/HT-2 from moldy feed in broilers, providing a reference for the detection of these toxins in animal-derived food products and a theoretical basis for formulating food-safety and quality standards.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Toxina T-2/análise , Animais , Galinhas , Fungos , Toxina T-2/análogos & derivados
13.
J Hazard Mater ; 377: 321-329, 2019 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173982

RESUMO

This study developed a cost-effective and eco-friendly method by coupling plant extracts (take green tea for example) and Fe(III) to reduce Cr(VI) and precipitate Cr(III). At acidic pH, 1.43 mM Fe(III) combined with 1.33 g/L green tea extracts could reduce 93% of Cr(VI) in 180 min, which was much larger than ˜50% by green tea extracts alone. Moreover, 52% of Cr(III) could automatically precipitate out as mixed Fe(III)-Cr(III) (oxy)-hydroxide solids. In the viewpoint of mechanism, polyphenols in green tea extracts were the reactive constituents and transformed Fe(III) to Fe(II), by which step the aqueous Fe(II) level was maintained to continuously reduce Cr(VI) to Cr(III), and thus accelerating Cr(VI) reduction. The generated Fe(III) partially participated in the reaction with polyphenols again and some Fe(III) formed precipitates with Cr(III). Overall, the electron transfers in the polyphenol-Fe-Cr cyclic reactions made Fe(III) used for multiple times, thus accelerated Cr(VI) reduction. The applicability of the combined process was further verified by removing 100% and 70% of Cr(VI) from electroplating wastewater and contaminated soil, respectively. As polyphenols can be derived from plant wastes and Fe(III) is naturally abundant, this study provides a promising method for in situ remediation of Cr(VI)-contaminated sites.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(2)2019 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30634475

RESUMO

Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) is a semi-arid, oil-producing industrial crop that have been widely cultivated in tropical arid region. Low temperature is one of the major environmental stress that impair jojoba's growth, development and yield and limit introduction of jojoba in the vast temperate arid areas. To get insight into the molecular mechanisms of the cold stress response of jojoba, a combined physiological and quantitative proteomic analysis was conducted. Under cold stress, the photosynthesis was repressed, the level of malondialdehyde (MDA), relative electrolyte leakage (REL), soluble sugars, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) were increased in jojoba leaves. Of the 2821 proteins whose abundance were determined, a total of 109 differentially accumulated proteins (DAPs) were found and quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis of the coding genes for 7 randomly selected DAPs were performed for validation. The identified DAPs were involved in various physiological processes. Functional classification analysis revealed that photosynthesis, adjustment of cytoskeleton and cell wall, lipid metabolism and transport, reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging and carbohydrate metabolism were closely associated with the cold stress response. Some cold-induced proteins, such as cold-regulated 47 (COR47), staurosporin and temperature sensitive 3-like a (STT3a), phytyl ester synthase 1 (PES1) and copper/zinc superoxide dismutase 1, might play important roles in cold acclimation in jojoba seedlings. Our work provided important data to understand the plant response to the cold stress in tropical woody crops.


Assuntos
Resposta ao Choque Frio , Proteoma , Proteômica , Traqueófitas/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Plântula/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , Traqueófitas/genética , Madeira
15.
Gene ; 681: 62-68, 2019 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30267809

RESUMO

Homeobox A5 (HOXA5) is a member of the HOX protein family which were implicated in serval critical process and was cancer-specific dysregulated in human cancers. However, its expression and function in human gastric cancer (GC) was still largely unknown. In this study, we confirmed for the first time that HOXA5 mRNA and protein was down-regulated in GC tissues and cell lines. Clinical data showed that low HOXA5 was significantly associated poor prognostic features, including large tumor size and advanced TNM stage. For 5-year survival, HOXA5 served as a potential prognostic marker of GC patients. Notably, HOXA5 inhibited cell viability, colony formation, proliferation, cell cycle progression and promoted apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, we demonstrated that HOXA5 expression was regulated by miR-196a. In GC tissues, miR-196a has an inverse correlation with HOXA5 expression. Conclusively, our results demonstrated that HOXA5 functions as a tumor suppressor in regulating tumor growth of GC under regulation of miR-196a, supporting its potential utility as a therapeutic target for GC.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/fisiologia , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Xenoenxertos , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Chemosphere ; 212: 845-852, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30193233

RESUMO

Surfactants are used to assist the zero-valent iron-mediated reductive dechlorination (ZVI-RD) of hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs). Although the effect of surfactants has been investigated in single-factor systems, the relationships between the surfactant and the matrix properties during RD are not well understood. Thus, an orthogonal experiment and post-experiment characterization of ZVI were conducted in the present study to estimate the integrated effects of plausible factors. The results showed that the introduction of surfactants significantly influenced the reduction of 2,2',5,5'-tetrachlorinated biphenyl (PCB-52) by altering the contact between ZVI and PCB-52. An anionic surfactant was able to alleviate the adverse impact of high amounts of non-ionic surfactants and humic acid (used as representative soil organic matter) by changing their sorption behaviors, which were also influenced by the initial pH value. However, the reduction of ZVI by humic acid decreased the electron transfer efficiency of ZVI, and also reduced the contact between ZVI and PCB-52 by generating FeCO3. These results suggest that the rate-limiting process for the ZVI-RD of HOCs in the soil/sediment solution is the contact between ZVI and HOCs, which can be improved by the addition of surfactants at concentrations corresponding to the maximum adsorption capacity of HOCs on the ZVI surface.


Assuntos
Halogenação , Bifenilos Policlorados/química , Tensoativos/química , Adsorção , Ferro/química , Compostos Orgânicos , Solo/química
17.
Chest ; 153(5): 1116-1124, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29625777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In COPD, functional status is improved by pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) but requires specific facilities. Tai Chi, which combines psychological treatment and physical exercise and requires no special equipment, is widely practiced in China and is becoming increasingly popular in the rest of the world. We hypothesized that Tai Chi is equivalent (ie, difference less than ±4 St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire [SGRQ] points) to PR. METHODS: A total of 120 patients (mean FEV1, 1.11 ± 0.42 L; 43.6% predicted) bronchodilator-naive patients were studied. Two weeks after starting indacaterol 150 µg once daily, they randomly received either standard PR thrice weekly or group Tai Chi five times weekly, for 12 weeks. The primary end point was change in SGRQ prior to and following the exercise intervention; measurements were also made 12 weeks after the end of the intervention. RESULTS: The between-group difference for SGRQ at the end of the exercise interventions was -0.48 (95% CI PR vs Tai Chi, -3.6 to 2.6; P = .76), excluding a difference exceeding the minimal clinically important difference. Twelve weeks later, the between-group difference for SGRQ was 4.5 (95% CI, 1.9 to 7.0; P < .001), favoring Tai Chi. Similar trends were observed for 6-min walk distance; no change in FEV1 was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Tai Chi is equivalent to PR for improving SGRQ in COPD. Twelve weeks after exercise cessation, a clinically significant difference in SGRQ emerged favoring Tai Chi. Tai Chi is an appropriate substitute for PR. TRIAL REGISTRY: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT02665130; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/reabilitação , Tai Ji , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Testes de Função Respiratória , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Environ Technol ; 39(21): 2801-2809, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28791916

RESUMO

E-waste is a growing concern around the world and varieties of abandoned E-waste recycling sites, especially in urban area, need to remediate immediately. The impacts of dairy-manure-derived biochars (BCs) on the amelioration of soil properties, the changes in the morphologies as well as the mobility of metals were studied to test their efficacy in immobilization of metals for a potential restoration of vegetation landscape in abandoned E-waste recycling site. The amendment with BCs produced positive effects on bioavailability and mobility reduction for Pb, Cd, Zn and Cu depending on BC ratio and incubation time. The BCs promoted the transformation of species of heavy metals to a more stable fraction, and the metals concentrations in Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure extract declined significantly, especially Pb and Cu. Besides, the BCs ameliorated the substrate with increasing the soil pH, cations exchangeable capacity and available phosphorous, which suggested BC as a potential amendment material for abandoned E-waste recycling sites before restoration of vegetation landscape. Generally, the BC modified by alkaline treatment has a higher efficacy, probably due to increase of specific surface area and porosity as well as the functional groups after alkaline treatment.


Assuntos
Resíduo Eletrônico , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Carvão Vegetal , Esterco , Solo
19.
Chemosphere ; 189: 479-488, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28957765

RESUMO

Dredging and disposal is commonly used for cleanup of contaminated sediments, leaving the relocated sediments still in need of remediation. In this study, the feasibility of two approaches to using zerovalent iron (ZVI) in conjunction with surfactants to remediate sediments contaminated by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and Ni was investigated. Approach A is surfactant desorption followed by ZVI treatment and approach B is a simple mixture of ZVI and sediment in surfactant solution. Results of approach A show that 65.24% of PCBs and 2.12% of Ni were desorbed by 1% Envirosurf; however, the sequential ZVI-mediated reductive dechlorination (ZVI-RD) was ineffective due to micelle sequestration by high contents of surfactants while Ni could be almost completely removed. For approach B, less than 1% of coexisting Ni was released to aqueous solution, and 47.18%-76.31% PCBs could be dechlorinated by ZVI with the addition of 0.04% surfactants (Tween-80 and Envirosurf). Results of dechlorination kinetics and ZVI morphologies reveal that surfactants at the concentrations as low as 0.04% were able to enhance the contact of sediment-bound PCBs with ZVI, and also to alleviate ZVI passivation. The PCB mixtures in sediment were continuously desorbed and dechlorinated, yielding lower substituted homologues that are less toxic and less hydrophobic. Thus, a simple mixture of ZVI and contaminated sediments without dewatering appears to be a promising alternative to the remediation of PCBs-contaminated sediments.


Assuntos
Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Níquel/análise , Bifenilos Policlorados/análise , Halogenação , Ferro/química , Bifenilos Policlorados/química , Tensoativos , Água
20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 143: 322-329, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28578263

RESUMO

Recently, several studies have showed that both organic and inorganic fertilizers are effective in immobilizing heavy metals at low cost, in comparison to other remediation strategies for heavy metal-contaminated farmlands. A pot trial was conducted in this study to examine the effects of inorganic P fertilizer and organic fertilizer, in single application or in combination, on growth of maize, heavy metal availabilities, enzyme activities, and microbial community structure in metal-contaminated soils from an electronic waste recycling region. Results showed that biomass of maize shoot and root from the inorganic P fertilizer treatments were respectively 17.8 and 10.0 folds higher than the un-amended treatments (CK), while the biomass in the organic fertilizer treatments was only comparable to the CK. In addition, there were decreases of 85.0% in Cd, 74.3% in Pb, 66.3% in Cu, and 91.9% in Zn concentrations in the roots of maize grown in inorganic P fertilizer amended soil. Consistently, urease and catalase activities in the inorganic P fertilizer amended soil were 3.3 and 2.0 times higher than the CK, whereas no enhancement was observed in the organic fertilizer amended soil. Moreover, microbial community structure was improved by the application of inorganic P fertilizer, but not by organic fertilizer; the beneficial microbial groups such as Kaistobacter and Koribacter were most frequently detected in the inorganic P fertilizer amended soil. The negligible effect from the organic fertilizer might be ascribed to the decreased pH value in soils. The results suggest that the application of inorganic P fertilizer (or in combination with organic fertilizer) might be a promising strategy for the remediation of heavy metals contaminated soils in electronic waste recycling region.


Assuntos
Catalase/metabolismo , Fertilizantes/análise , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Fósforo/análise , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Urease/metabolismo , Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Biomassa , Metais Pesados/análise , Consórcios Microbianos/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Solo/química , Solo/normas , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Zea mays/metabolismo
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