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1.
Mikrochim Acta ; 189(5): 207, 2022 05 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501414

RESUMO

A specific surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) assay for dopamine (DA) based on an azo derivatization reaction is proposed for the first time by preparation of p-aminothiophenol (PATP)-modified composite SERS substrate, composed of metal-organic framework (MIL-101) decorated with Au and Ag nanoparticles. As the result, the SERS method for detection of the azo reaction between PATP and DA exhibits superior sensitivity, selectivity, and stability. A reasonable linearity in the range 10-6 to 10-10 mol∙L-1 is achieved, and the limit of detection is 1.2 × 10-12 mol∙L-1. The reactive SERS assay is free from interference in complex physiological fluid. The feasibility of the proposed SERS method for the detection of DA levels in fetal bovine serum (FBS) samples and human serum samples is validated by HPLC-MS methods, displaying promising application potential in early disease diagnosis.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Compostos de Anilina , Dopamina , Humanos , Prata , Compostos de Sulfidrila
2.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0234221, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35579464

RESUMO

Staphylococcus haemolyticus is an opportunistic pathogen associated with hospital-acquired infections. However, the genetic diversity of S. haemolyticus among the patients and the hospital environment is largely unknown. Here, we isolated 311 S. haemolyticus strains from different sampling sites of patients and hospital environment. Genomic analysis showed that ST42 is an emerging clone widely disseminated in the hospital. S. haemolyticus ST42 strains exhibited decreased susceptibilities for multiple antibiotics compared with other STs and carried significantly more antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Furthermore, ST42 strains harbored more virulence genes per isolate than in other STs, and the capsular biosynthesis genes capDEFG were more prevalent in ST42 strains. Using the Galleria mellonella infection model, we demonstrated that ST42 strains are highly virulent compared with non-ST42 strains. Taken together, our data identified an emerging ST42 clone of S. haemolyticus with aggregated ARGs and virulence determinants in the hospital, representing a significant health threat in terms of both disease and treatment. IMPORTANCE S. haemolyticus is an emerging opportunistic pathogen with a high burden of antimicrobial resistance. We performed molecular epidemiological analysis of S. haemolyticus that was isolated from a hospital, and found that the phylogenetic lineages are diverse accompanied by a dominant epidemic clonal lineage ST42. We demonstrated that S. haemolyticus ST42 strains have been disseminated among patients and the hospital environment. The data provide mechanistic insight and indicate that S. haemolyticus ST42 strains are multidrug-resistance and virulent clones via accumulating more ARGs and virulence genes.

3.
Front Oncol ; 12: 738298, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574383

RESUMO

Background: The clinical TNM staging system does not differ between the 7th and 8th editions of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging manual. A more practical TNM staging system for patients with stage I-III cutaneous melanoma are needed. Methods: Data were accessed from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) open database. We divided the patients into 32 groups based on the T and N categories. The Kaplan-Meier survival curves and treatment guidelines were used to proposed a new TNM staging system. Cox proportional hazards model and 1000-person-years were used to verify accuracy. Results: This retrospective study included 68 861 patients from 2010 to 2015. The new proposed staging system was as follows: stage IA, T1aN0M0; stage IB, T1b/T2aN0M0; stage IIA, T3-4aN0M0 and T2bN0M0; stage IIB, T1-4aN1-2M0 and T3-4bN0M0; and stage III, T1-4aN3M0 and T1-4bN1-3M0. Hazard ratios for the new stages IB, IIA, IIB, and III, with stage IA as reference, were 4.311 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.217-5.778), 8.993 (95% CI: 6.637-12.186), 13.179 (95% CI: 9.435-18.407), and 20.693 (95% CI: 13.655-31.356), respectively (all p-values < 0.001). Cancer-specific mortality rates per 1000-person-years were 0.812 (95% CI: 0.674-0.978), 6.612 (95% CI: 5.936-7.364), 22.228 (95% CI: 20.128-24.547), 50.863 (95% CI: 47.472-54.496) and 120.318 (95% CI: 112.596-128.570) for stages IA, IB, IIA, IIB and III, respectively. Conclusion: We developed a more practical and prognosis-relevant staging system than that of the 8th edition AJCC manual for patients with stage I-III cutaneous melanoma. Treatments using this new model would improve the quality of life and survival rates of patients with melanoma.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; : 155469, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523345

RESUMO

The dynamics of soil organic carbon (SOC) stock is a vital element affecting the climate, and ecological restoration is potentially an effective measure to mitigate climate change by enhancing vegetation and soil carbon stocks and thereby offsetting greenhouse gas emissions. The Grain-for-Green project (GFGP) implemented in Chinese Loess Plateau (LP) since 1999 is one of the largest ecological restoration projects in the world. However, the contributions of ecological restoration and climate change to ecosystem soil carbon sequestration are still unclear. In this study, we improved a soil carbon decomposition framework by optimizing the initial SOC stock based on full spatial simulation of SOC and incorporating the priming effect to investigate the SOC dynamics across the LP GFGP region from 1982 through 2017. Our results indicated that SOC stock in the GFGP region increased by 20.18 Tg C from 1982 through 2017. Most portion (15.83 Tg C) of the SOC increase was accumulated when the GFGP was initiated, with a SOC sink of 16.12 Tg C owing to revegetation restoration and a carbon loss of 0.29 Tg C due to warming during this period. The relationships between SOC and forest canopy height and investigations on the SOC dynamics after afforestation revealed that the accumulation rate of SOC could be as high as 24.68 g C m-2 yr-1 during the 70 years following afforestation, and that SOC could decline thereafter (-8.89 g C m-2 yr-1), which was mainly caused by warming. This study provides a new method for quantifying the contribution of ecological restoration to SOC changes, and also cautions the potential risk of LP SOC loss in the mature forest soil under future warming.

5.
Front Immunol ; 13: 830158, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35444644

RESUMO

The alterations of glycosylation, which is a common post-translational modification of proteins, have been acknowledged as key events in breast cancer (BC) oncogenesis and progression. The aberrant expression of glycosyltransferases leads to aberrant glycosylation patterns, posing the diagnostic potential in BC outcomes. The present study aims to establish a glycosyltransferase-based signature to predict BC prognosis and response to immune checkpoint inhibitors. We firstly screened 9 glycosyltransferase genes from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and accordingly established a glyco-signature for predicting the prognosis in BC patients. Patients with BC were successfully divided into high-risk and low-risk groups based on the median cutoff point for risk scores in this signature. Next, the combinational analyses of univariate and multivariate Cox regression, Kaplan-Meier, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to prove that this glyco-signature possessed excellent predictive performance for prognosis of BC patients, as the high-risk group possessed worse outcomes, in comparison to the low-risk group. Additionally, the Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and immunologic infiltration analysis were adopted and indicated that there was a more immunosuppressive state in the high-risk group than that in the low-risk group. The clinical sample validation verified that glycosyltransferase genes were differentially expressed in patients in the low- and high-risk groups, while the biomarkers of antitumor M1 macrophages were increased and N-glycosyltransferase STT3A decreased in the low-risk group. The final in vitro assay showed that the silencing of STT3A suppressed the proliferation and migration of BC cells. Collectively, our well-constructed glyco-signature is able to distinguish the high- and low-risk groups and accordingly predict BC prognosis, which will synergistically promote the prognosis evaluation and provide new immunotherapeutic targets for combating BC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Feminino , Glicosilação , Glicosiltransferases/genética , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico
6.
Dermatol Surg ; 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35446271

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Facial lifting and volume restoration are the major strategies of facial rejuvenation, but the aging of facial soft tissues has not been sufficiently explored. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to reveal the age-related changes in full facial soft tissue of Han Chinese by using computed tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The measurements were performed on head computed tomographic images of 200 Han Chinese subjects (100 men and 100 women). The thickness of facial soft tissue was measured at 20 anthropological landmarks of the skull. RESULTS: The thickness at rhinion was increased, whereas the thickness at midphiltrum, supradentale, and infradentale was decreased, indicating the significant differences in both sexes. Besides, the thickness at glabella, nasion, supramentale, and menton was decreased significantly in women. The thickness at supraorbital and lateral orbit was increased with aging in either sex. The thickness at frontal eminence, infraorbital, supraglenoid, and gonion showed significant age-related increases in women, and the thickness at zygomatic arch, supra M2, and infra M2 was significantly decreased in men. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that soft tissues in different areas of the face are selectively thickened or thinned with aging, thus providing a reference for rejuvenation procedures.

7.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24392, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35441408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a highly life-threatening disease. Long non-coding RNA urothelial carcinoma associated 1 (lncRNA UCA1) participates in the processes of inflammation and organ injury in several diseases, whereas its role in sepsis patients is still unclear. The aim was to explore the clinical value of lncRNA UCA1 in sepsis patients. METHODS: One hundred seventy-four sepsis patients and 100 age and gender-matched controls were enrolled. LncRNA UCA1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples was examined, and the level of inflammatory cytokines in serum samples was assessed. RESULTS: LncRNA UCA1 was highly expressed in sepsis patients compared with controls. LncRNA UCA1 was positively correlated with tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-17, intercellular adhesion molecule 1, and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 in sepsis patients, while it was not correlated with these inflammatory cytokines in controls. lncRNA UCA1 upregulation was related to raised APACHE II score and SOFA score in sepsis patients. Moreover, lncRNA UCA1 was increased in sepsis deaths compared with sepsis survivors and was independently correlated with increased 28-day sepsis mortality risk. Further receiver operating characteristic curves presented that lncRNA UCA1 had a good value to predict 28-motality risk, while its combination with other independent factors (including age, history of chronic kidney disease, G+ bacterial infection, Fungus infection, C-reactive protein, and APACHE II score) exerted a great predictive value for 28-day mortality risk. CONCLUSION: LncRNA UCA1 is upregulated and correlates with multiple pro-inflammatory cytokines, terrible disease severity, and poor prognosis in sepsis patients.

9.
Glob Chang Biol ; 28(10): 3394-3410, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35253325

RESUMO

The dynamics of soil organic carbon (SOC) play a critical role in modulating global warming. However, the long-term spatiotemporal changes of SOC at large scale, and the impacts of driving forces remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the dynamics of SOC in different soil layers across China through the1980s to 2010s using a machine learning approach and quantified the impacts of the key factors based on factorial simulation experiments.Our results showed that the latest (2000-2014) SOC stock in the first meter soil (SOC100 ) was 80.68 ± 3.49 Pg C, of which 42.6% was stored in the top 20 cm, sequestrating carbon with a rate of 30.80 ± 12.37 g C m-2  yr-1 since the 1980s. Our experiments focusing on the recent two periods (2000s and 2010s) revealed that climate change exerted the largest relative contributions to SOC dynamics in both layers and warming or drying can result in SOC loss. However, the influence of climate change weakened with soil depth, while the opposite for vegetation growth. Relationships between SOC and forest canopy height further confirmed this strengthened impact of vegetation with soil depth and highlighted the carbon sink function of deep soil in mature forest. Moreover, our estimates suggested that SOC dynamics in 71% of topsoil were controlled by climate change and its coupled influence with environmental variation (CE). Meanwhile, CE and the combined influence of climate change and vegetation growth dominated the SOC dynamics in 82.05% of the first meter soil. Additionally, the national cropland topsoil organic carbon increased with a rate of 23.6 ± 7.6 g C m-2  yr-1 since the 1980s, and the widely applied nitrogenous fertilizer was a key stimulus. Overall, our study extended the knowledge about the dynamics of SOC and deepened our understanding about the impacts of the primary factors.


Assuntos
Carbono , Solo , Carbono/análise , Sequestro de Carbono , China , Aprendizado de Máquina
10.
Water Res ; 216: 118287, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35334338

RESUMO

Although Ti4O7 ceramic membrane has been recognized as one of the most promising anode materials for electrochemical advanced oxidation process (EAOP), it suffers from relatively low hydroxyl radical (•OH) production rate and high charge-transfer resistance that restricted its oxidation performance of organic pollutants. Herein, we reported an effective interface engineering strategy to develop a Ti4O7 reactive electrochemical membrane (REM) doped by graphene oxide nanoparticles (GONs), GONs@Ti4O7 REM, via strong GONs-O-Ti bonds. Results showed that 1% (wt%) GON doping on Ti4O7 REM significantly reduced the charge-transfer resistance from 73.87 to 8.42 Ω compared with the pristine Ti4O7 REM, and yielded •OH at 2.5-2.8 times higher rate. The 1,4-dioxane (1,4-D) oxidation rate in batch experiments by 1%GONs@Ti4O7 REM was 1.49×10-2 min-1, 2 times higher than that of the pristine Ti4O7 REM (7.51×10-3 min-1) and similar to that of BDD (1.79×10-2 min-1). The 1%GONs@Ti4O7 REM exhibited high stability after a polarization test of 90 h at 80 mA/cm2, and within 15 consecutive cycles, its oxidation performance was stable (95.1-99.2%) with about 1% of GONs lost on the REM. In addition, REM process can efficiently degrade refractory organic matters in the groundwater and landfill leachate, the total organic carbon was removed by 54.5% with a single-pass REM. A normalized electric energy consumption per log removal of 1,4-D (EE/O) was observed at only 0.2-0.6 kWh/m3. Our results suggested that chemical-bonded interface engineering strategy using GONs can facilitate the EAOP performance of Ti4O7 ceramic membrane with outstanding reactivity and stability.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Cerâmica , Dioxanos , Eletrodos , Grafite , Oxirredução , Titânio/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
11.
Front Oncol ; 12: 858185, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35356202

RESUMO

Melanoma is a malignant tumor arising in melanocytes from the basal layer of the epidermis and is the fifth most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States. Melanoma is aggressive and easily metastasizes, and the survival rate is low. Nanotechnology-based diagnosis and treatment of melanoma have attracted increasing attention. Importantly, nano drug delivery systems have the advantages of increasing drug solubility, enhancing drug stability, prolonging half-life, optimizing bioavailability, targeting tumors, and minimizing side effects; thus, these systems can facilitate tumor cytotoxicity to achieve effective treatment of melanoma. In this review, we discuss current nanosystems used in the diagnosis and treatment of melanoma, including lipid systems, inorganic nanoparticles, polymeric systems, and natural nanosystems. The excellent characteristics of novel and effective drug delivery systems provide a basis for the broad applications of these systems in the diagnosis and treatment of melanoma, particularly metastatic melanoma.

12.
Microbiol Spectr ; 10(2): e0206421, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35230154

RESUMO

Two tet(X4)-positive Enterobacter cloacae isolates TECL_1 and TECL_2 were isolated from pigs in China. S1-PFGE and Southern blotting showed that tet(X4) located on plasmids in the size of ∼290 kb and ∼190 kb in TECL_1 and TECL_2, respectively. Conjugation experiment demonstrated that the tet(X4)-harboring plasmid can transfer from the donor strain TECL_1 and TECL_2 to the recipient strain Escherichia coli J53, and the tigecycline resistance of transconjugants was increased by 128-fold and 64-fold compared with E. coli J53, respectively. We obtained the complete plasmid sequence of pTECL_2-190k-tetX4 (190,185 bp) from E. cloacae TECL_2 and found that the plasmid was a hybrid plasmid with replicon types of IncFIA, IncHI1A and IncHI1B. We further analyzed 85 tet(X4)-carrying plasmids in the public database and clarified that pTECL_2-190k-tetX4-like plasmid was widespread in multiple species of Enterobacteriaceae. IMPORTANCE We identified two tet(X4)-positive E. cloacae isolates, which has not been previously reported. We obtained the complete sequence of pTECL_2-190k-tetX4 and found that it was a hybrid plasmid with multiple replicon types, including IncFIA, IncHI1A and IncHI1B. By comparing all the known tet(X4)-carrying plasmids, we found that pTECL_2-190k-tetX4-like plasmid has been disseminated across various species in China. Our study expanded the identification of tet(X4)-positive species and emphasized that pTECL_2-190k-tetX4-like plasmid has spread widely in various species.


Assuntos
Enterobacter cloacae , Escherichia coli , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , China , Enterobacter cloacae/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Plasmídeos/genética , Suínos , Tigeciclina/farmacologia
13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 149: 112832, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35325853

RESUMO

Cutaneous melanoma is an aggressive cancer type derived from melanocytes and its incidence has rapidly increased worldwide. Despite the vast improvement in therapy, melanoma is still confronted with high invasion, metastasis, and recurrence rate. Recent studies have confirmed that the exosomes are naturally occurring membranous extracellular vesicles with nano-sized lipid bilayers, performing as information messagers within cellular reciprocal action. Exosomes are unquestionably endowed with multifaceted roles in various diseases, including melanoma. Notably, tumor-derived exosomes play a pivotal role in conditioning the tumor microenvironment to promote the growth, metastasis, immune escape, and even drug-resistance of melanoma by transferring carcinogenic nucleic acids and proteins. Clinically, the dynamic expressions of exosomal components and loadings in melanoma patients with different tumor stages confer the clinical application of melanoma exosomes as diagnostic biomarkers. Hence, this review highlights the recent complicated roles and mechanisms of melanoma exosomes, as well as their potential as diagnostic and therapeutic targets in melanoma. The in-depth insights into the properties and behaviors of melanoma exosomes are of great potential to yield attractive therapeutic methods for melanoma.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Exossomos/metabolismo , Humanos , Melanócitos/metabolismo , Melanoma/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
14.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 119, 2022 03 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35313962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nowadays, wound is associated with a complicated repairing process and still represents a significant biomedical burden worldwide. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) possess multidirectional differentiation potential and secretory function, emerging as potential cellular candidates in treating wounds. Ascorbic acid 2-glucoside (AA2G) is a well-known antioxidant and its function in BMSC-promoting wound healing is worth exploring. METHODS: The in vitro cell proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis of BMSCs and AA2G-treated BMSCs were detected by flow cytometry, EDU staining, scratch assay, transwell assay, and immunofluorescence (IF). Besides, the collagen formation effect of AA2G-treated BMSCs conditioned medium (CM) on NIH-3T3 cells was evaluated by hydroxyproline, qRT-PCR and IF staining detection. Next, in the wound healing mouse model, the histological evaluation of wound tissue in PBS, BMSCs, and AA2G-treated BMSCs group were further investigated. Lastly, western blot and ELISA were used to detect the expression levels of 5-hmc, TET2 and VEGF protein, and PI3K/AKT pathway activation in BMSCs treated with or without AA2G. RESULTS: The in vitro results indicated that AA2G-treated BMSCs exhibited stronger proliferation and improved the angiogenesis ability of vascular endothelial cells. In addition, the AA2G-treated BMSCs CM enhanced migration and collagen formation of NIH-3T3 cells. In vivo, the AA2G-treated BMSCs group had a faster wound healing rate and a higher degree of vascularization in the new wound, compared with the PBS and BMSCs group. Moreover, AA2G preconditioning might enhance the demethylation process of BMSCs by regulating TET2 and up-regulating VEGF expression by activating the PI3K/AKT pathway. CONCLUSIONS: AA2G-treated BMSCs promoted wound healing by promoting angiogenesis and collagen deposition, thereby providing a feasible strategy to reinforce the biofunctionability of BMSCs in treating wounds.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Cicatrização , Animais , Ácido Ascórbico/análogos & derivados , Medula Óssea , Células Endoteliais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3 , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Cicatrização/fisiologia
15.
Plant Cell Rep ; 41(4): 1059-1073, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35217893

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Dynamic organization of actin and microtubule cytoskeletons directs a distinct expansion behavior of cotton fiber initiation from cell elongation. Cotton fibers are highly elongated single cells derived from the ovule epidermis. Although actin and microtubule (MT) cytoskeletons have been implicated in cell elongation and secondary wall deposition, their roles in fiber initiation is poorly understood. Here, we used fluorescent probes and pharmacological approaches to study the roles of these cytoskeletal components during cotton fiber initiation. Both cytoskeletons align along the growth axis in initiating fibers. The dorsal view of ovules shows that unlike the fine actin filaments (AFs) in nonfiber cells, the AFs in fiber cells are dense and bundled. MTs are randomized in fiber cells and well-ordered in nonfiber cells. The pharmacological experiments revealed that the depolymerization of AFs and MTs assisted fiber initiation. Both AF stabilization and depolymerization inhibited fiber elongation. In contrast, the proper depolymerization of MTs promoted cell elongation, although the MT-stabilizing drug consistently resulted in a negative effect. Notably, we found that the organization of AFs was correlated with MT dynamics. Stabilizing the MTs by taxol treatment promoted the formation of AF bundles (in fiber initials) and transversely aligned AFs (in elongating fibers), whereas depolymerizing the MTs by oryzalin treatment promoted the fragmentation of AFs. Collectively, our data indicates that MTs plays a crucial role in regulating AF organization and early development of cotton fibers.


Assuntos
Actinas , Fibra de Algodão , Citoesqueleto de Actina , Citoesqueleto , Gossypium , Microtúbulos
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 823: 153652, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35124056

RESUMO

The surface urban heat island (SUHI) phenomenon is characterized by both high spatial and temporal variability, while its diurnal (i.e., diel) variations have rarely been investigated because traditional satellites and sensors flying on polar orbits (e.g., Landsat, MODIS) have no diurnal sampling capability. Here we combined land surface temperature (LST) data from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES-R) and the Ecosystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) to explore the diurnal variations of SUHI and thermal differentiation among various land covers over the Boston Metropolitan Area. With the combined use of the LST data from GOES-R and ECOSTRESS, we took advantage of the strengths of both GOES-R (i.e., high frequency in each day and night) and ECOSTRESS (i.e., much finer spatial resolution). The SUHI intensity of the urban-core and suburban areas both exhibited clear diurnal patterns for different seasons: a continuous increase in the SUHI intensity from sunrise to noon and a decrease thereafter to sunset, followed by a relatively low and constant intensity during nighttime. The LST contrasts among different land cover types were clearly larger in the daytime than at nighttime and peaked around midday. At noon in summer, the LST of 'Developed, High Intensity' was 2.6 °C higher than that of 'Developed, Medium Intensity', and about 4.6 °C higher than that of "Developed, Open Space" and "Developed, Low Intensity". Controlling the percent impervious surface in construction land at a relatively low level (e.g., below ~49%) could effectively alleviate the impacts of SUHI. Compared with GOES-R data, ECOSTRESS LST is suitable for monitoring the diurnal variations of intracity thermal environment at the subdistrict (or neighborhood) scale. Our study highlights the value of the combined use of geostationary satellite and ECOSTRESS LST in exploring the diurnal cycling of the SUHI, and can help inform urban planning and land-based climate mitigation policies in the context of climate change.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Temperatura Alta , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Temperatura
17.
Opt Express ; 30(2): 2048-2062, 2022 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35209353

RESUMO

We theoretically study the optical properties of TM waves when their magnetic field direction is perpendicular to the armchair and zigzag optical axes of black phosphorus, respectively. It is found that hyperbolic dispersion and elliptic dispersion coexist in periodically arranged black phosphorus multilayers. Interestingly, by tilting the symmetric multilayers to be asymmetric, the elliptical part of the original two dispersions disappears as the wavelength increases. As such only the hyperbolic dispersion remains, showing an optical topological transition. In the region of the topological transition, a large transmitted group delay (3ps) and a reflected group delay (0.2ps) of the TM waves occurs simultaneously. The corresponding group velocities are slowed down to approximately c/1000 and c/100 (c is the speed of light in a vacuum), respectively. This dual-directional group delays significantly increase the wave-matter interaction so that nonreciprocal perfect absorptions can be realized in the mid-infrared band. Such asymmetrical black phosphorus hyperbolic metamaterials can be applied to the directional, tunable, and nonreciprocal perfect absorbers and also to devices based on strong wave-matter interactions.

18.
Semin Dial ; 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) eventually suffer from cachexia. The Functional Assessment of Anorexia/Cachexia Therapy (FAACT) is a tool used to evaluate the quality of life of patients with cachexia related to various diseases, but its suitability for use in MHD patients has yet to be verified. This study aimed to explore the validation of the FAACT in MHD patients by conducting reliability and validity tests. METHODS: Qualified MHD patients were selected to complete the FAACT and Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form 36 (KDQOL-36) questionnaires, and their demographic data and biochemical test results were collected from electronic medical records. Next, the Cronbach's alpha coefficient, paired sample t test and ICC were used to analyze the scale consistency. Additionally, the association between the KDQOL-36 and FAACT was analyzed using Bland-Altman plots and Pearson correlation analysis. Finally, the patients were divided into groups to evaluate discriminant validity. RESULTS: A total of 299 patients were included in this study. The Cronbach's alpha coefficients of the FAACT and its anorexia-cachexia subscale (ACS) were 0.904 and 0.842, respectively, and their ICC exceeded 0.90. The correlation coefficients between the FAACT and its items ranged from 0.146 to 0.631, and the correlation coefficients between the FAACT and KDQOL-36 dimensions ranged from 0.446 to 0.617. The Bland-Altman plots between the FAACT and KDQOL-36 showed that only 3.3% of the points were outside the 95% limits of agreement. The effects of cachexia status (present or absent) on FAACT and ACS scores had effect sizes of 0.54 (P < 0.001) and 0.60 (P < 0.001), respectively. The FAACT and ACS also significantly discriminated between patients with and without inflammation (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The FAACT and ACS have acceptable reliability and validity in MHD patients and are suitable for measuring the quality of life of MHD patients with cachexia.

19.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 297(1): 199-212, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35048185

RESUMO

Cotton is the most important fiber crop in the world. Asiatic cotton (Gossypium arboreum, genome A2) is a diploid cotton species producing spinnable fibers and important germplasm for cotton breeding and a significant model for fiber biology. However, the genetic map of Asiatic cotton has been lagging behind tetraploid cottons, as well as other stable crops. This study aimed to construct a high-density SNP genetic map and to map QTLs for important yield and fiber quality traits. Using a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population and genome resequencing technology, we constructed a high-density genetic map that covered 1980.17 cM with an average distance of 0.61 cM between adjacent markers. QTL analysis revealed a total of 297 QTLs for 13 yield and fiber quality traits in three environments, explaining 5.0-37.4% of the phenotypic variance, among which 75 were stably detected in two or three environments. Besides, 47 QTL clusters, comprising 131 QTLs for representative traits, were identified. Our works laid solid foundation for fine mapping and cloning of QTL for yield and fiber quality traits in Asiatic cotton.


Assuntos
Fibra de Algodão/classificação , Gossypium , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Fibra de Algodão/normas , Diploide , Ligação Genética , Genoma de Planta , Gossypium/classificação , Gossypium/genética , Gossypium/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Melhoramento Vegetal , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos
20.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 20, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent K. pneumoniae (CR-hvKP) causes serious infections with significant morbidity and mortality. However, the epidemiology and transmission mechanisms of CR-hvKP and the corresponding carbapenem-resistant plasmids require further investigation. Herein, we have characterized an ST11 K. pneumoniae strain EBSI041 from the blood sample encoding both hypervirulence and carbapenem resistance phenotypes from a patient in Egypt. RESULTS: K. pneumoniae strain EBSI041 showed multidrug-resistance phenotypes, where it was highly resistant to almost all tested antibiotics including carbapenems. And hypervirulence phenotypes of EBSI041 was confirmed by the model of Galleria mellonella infection. Whole-genome sequencing analysis showed that the hybrid plasmid pEBSI041-1 carried a set of virulence factors rmpA, rmpA2, iucABCD and iutA, and six resistance genes aph(3')-VI, armA, msr(E), mph(E), qnrS, and sul2. Besides, blaOXA-48 and blaSHV-12 were harboured in a novel conjugative IncL-type plasmid pEBSI041-2. The blaKPC-2-carrying plasmid pEBSI041-3, a non-conjugative plasmid lacking the conjugative transfer genes, could be transferred with the help of pEBSI041-2, and the two plasmids could fuse into a new plasmid during co-transfer. Moreover, the emergence of the p16HN-263_KPC-like plasmids is likely due to the integration of pEBSI041-3 and pEBSI041-4 via IS26-mediated rearrangement. CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the complete genome sequence of KPC-2- and OXA-48-coproducing hypervirulent K. pneumoniae from Egypt. These results give new insights into the adaptation and evolution of K. pneumoniae during nosocomial infections.


Assuntos
Infecções por Klebsiella , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia , Egito , Humanos , Infecções por Klebsiella/epidemiologia , Klebsiella pneumoniae/genética , Plasmídeos/genética , beta-Lactamases/genética
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