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1.
Drug Resist Updat ; 67: 100925, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aeromonas species are opportunistic pathogens distributed widely in the ecosystem. They are known to be capable of acquiring antibiotic resistance genes, including those encoding proteins against last-line antibiotics, such as the tmexCD-toprJ, mcr and carbapenemase genes. We investigated the genomic and phenotypic characteristics of tmexCD-toprJ-positive Aeromonas strains collected from human, animals, and water samples, particularly those from hospital wastewater in China. METHODS: Samples were collected from living animals, meat, water and human. Aeromonas strains in these samples were isolated in selective media. Antimicrobial resistance profiles of all Aeromonas strains were tested by the broth microdilution method. The presence of tmexCD-toprJ was verified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). All tmexCD-toprJ-positive (n = 36) and selected tmexCD-toprJ-negative (n = 18) Aeromonas strains were subjected to whole genome sequencing. Carriage of antimicrobial resistance genes, the genetic environment of tmexCD-toprJ and genetic diversity of tmexCD-toprJ-positive Aeromonas strains were determined by bioinformatics analysis. Phylogenetic tree of the Aeromonas strains was built by using the Harvest Suite. FINDINGS: Among the 636 Aeromonas strains isolated from different sources, 36 were positive for tmexCD-toprJ, with the highest prevalence of tmexCD-toprJ being found in fishes (8.8%, 95 CI% 3.6-17.2%), followed by hospital wastewater (6.5%, 95 CI% 4.3-9.3%), river water (2.0%, 0.1-10.9) and duck (1.2%, 95 CI% 3.6-17.2%). All tmexCD-toprJ-positive Aeromonas strains carried multiple antimicrobial resistance genes and exhibited resistance to different classes of antibiotics. Co-existence of tmexCD-toprJ, mcr and blaKPC-2 were identified in 21 strains. The tmexCD-toprJ-positive Aeromonas strains were genetically diverse and found to belong to four different species that could be clustered into three major lineages. The tmexCD-toprJ gene clusters were predominantly located in the chromosome (35/36) of Aeromonas spp., with only one strain carrying the plasmid-borne tmexCD-toprJ cluster. The tmexCD-toprJ genes were associated with seven different types of genetic environments, each of which carried distinct types of mobile elements that may be responsible for mediating transmission of this gene cluster.

2.
Water Res ; 231: 119603, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680822

RESUMO

Membrane chemical reactors (MCRs) have demonstrated a great potential for simultaneous removal of wide-spectrum pollutants in advanced water treatment. However, current catalyst (re)loading and catalytic reactivity limitations obstruct their practical applications. Herein, as a proof-of-concept, we report a hollow fiber membrane chemical reactor (HF-MCR) with high and sustainable catalytic reactivity, enabled by novel magnetic confinement engineering of the catalysts. Namely, the zerovalent iron (ZVI) nanocatalysts were spatially dispersed and confined to nearly parallel magnetic induction lines, forming forest-like microwire arrays in the membrane lumen. Such arrays exhibited ultrahigh hydrodynamic stability. The HF-MCR integrated sequential membrane separation and Fenton-like catalysis, thus being capable of high and synergistic wide-spectrum decontamination. The membrane separation process completely removed large nanoplastics (NPs) via size exclusion, and thus the subsequent Fenton-like catalysis process enhanced removal efficiency of otherwise permeated bisphenol A (BPA) and phosphate (P) by in situ generated reactive oxygen species (primarily 1O2) and iron (oxyhydr)oxides, respectively. Furthermore, highly dispersed ZVI arrays and their continuous surface depassivation driven by magnetic gradient and hydrodynamic forces conferred abundant accessible catalytic sites (i.e., Fe0 and FeII) to stimulate Fenton-like catalysis. The consequent enhancement of BPA and P removal kinetics was 3-765 and 49-492 folds those in conventional (flow-through or batch) systems, respectively. Periodic ZVI reloading ensured sustained decontamination performance of the HF-MCR. This is the first demonstration of the magnetic confinement engineering that enables efficient and unlimited catalyst (re)loading and sustainable catalytic reactivity in the MCR for water treatment, which is beyond the reach of current approaches.

3.
Small ; : e2206938, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642796

RESUMO

Organic flexible electronic devices are at the forefront of the electronics as they possess the potential to bring about a major lifestyle revolution owing to outstanding properties of organic semiconductors, including solution processability, lightweight and flexibility. For the integration of organic flexible electronics, the precise patterning and ordered assembly of organic semiconductors have attracted wide attention and gained rapid developments, which not only reduces the charge crosstalk between adjacent devices, but also enhances device uniformity and reproducibility. This review focuses on recent advances in the design, patterned assembly of organic semiconductors, and flexible electronic devices, especially for flexible organic field-effect transistors (FOFETs) and their multifunctional applications. First, typical organic semiconductor materials and material design methods are introduced. Based on these organic materials with not only superior mechanical properties but also high carrier mobility, patterned assembly strategies on flexible substrates, including one-step and two-step approaches are discussed. Advanced applications of flexible electronic devices based on organic semiconductor patterns are then highlighted. Finally, future challenges and possible directions in the field to motivate the development of the next generation of flexible electronics are proposed.

4.
Food Chem ; 406: 135061, 2023 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36481515

RESUMO

Propolis is a natural resinous substance that is collected by honeybees (Apis mellifera) with promising antibacterial effects. Here, we examined the antibacterial activity of Chinese propolis against Clostridium perfringens, a bacterial pathogen that threatens food safety and causes intestinal erosion. The inhibitory effects of the ethanolic extract of Chinese propolis (CPE) on human-associated C. perfringens strains were determined by using the circle of inhibition, the minimum inhibitory concentrations, and bactericidal concentrations. CPE also induced morphological elongation, bacterial cell wall damage, and intracellular material leakage in C. perfringens. Untargeted HPLC-qTOF-MS-based metabolomics analysis of the bacterial metabolic compounds revealed that propolis triggered glycerophospholipid metabolism, one carbon pool by folate, and d-glutamine and d-glutamate metabolism alterations in C. perfringens. Finally, caffeic acid phenethyl ester was identified as the key active ingredient in CPE. This study suggested the usage of propolis as an alternative to antibiotics in controlling C. perfringens.


Assuntos
Clostridium perfringens , Própole , Humanos , Animais , Própole/farmacologia , Própole/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Metabolômica , Enterotoxinas
5.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 186: 114473, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36512859

RESUMO

The marine coast is an important ecological transitional boundary but easily suffers from human intervention. Total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) are ubiquitous along the coast. However, the influence of anthropogenic and natural factors on TPHs distribution remains unclear. This study sampled surficial sediment (N = 243) from the coasts of the largest peninsula-Leizhou Peninsula, in Southern China. We found that land-based discharge, sea traffic, and sediment type significantly (p < 0.05) drive the accumulation of TPHs. We observed that TPHs increased by 1.036 µg · g-1 (exp[αi] = exp. [0.0355]) of its original value with the addition of one more boat on the wharf. Although the average TPHs were at a moderate level (124.68, ND-1536.14, µg · g-1) and risk, 'Blue Carbon' ecosystems, i.e., mangroves (224.84, ND - 1441.13, µg · g-1, p < 0.001) were more severely polluted. Cleaner production policy should be applied to mitigate TPHs discharging trend from coastal areas.


Assuntos
Petróleo , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Humanos , Ecossistema , Petróleo/análise , Hidrocarbonetos/análise , Atividades Humanas , China , Sedimentos Geológicos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
6.
Planta ; 257(1): 26, 2022 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36571656

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: 495 bZIP members with 12 subfamilies were identified in the five diploid cottons. Segmental duplication events in cotton ancestor might have led to primary expansion of the cotton bZIP members. The basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor is one of the largest and most diverse families in plants. The evolutionary history of the bZIP family is still unclear in cotton. In this study, a total of 495 bZIP members were identified in five diploid Gossypium species, including 100 members in Gossypium arboreum, 104 members in Gossypium herbaceum, 95 members in Gossypium raimondii, 96 members in Gossypium longicalyx, and 100 members in Gossypium turneri. The bZIP members could be divided into 12 subfamilies with biased gene proportions, gene structures, conserved motifs, expansion rates, gene loss rates, and cis-regulatory elements. A total of 239 duplication events were identified in the five Gossypium species, and mainly occurred in their common ancestor. Furthermore, some GabZIPs and GhebZIPs could be regarded as important candidates in cotton breeding. The bZIP members had a conserved and divergent evolution in the five diploid Gossypium species. The current study laid an important foundation on the evolutionary history of the bZIP family in cotton.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica , Gossypium , Gossypium/genética , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/genética , Família Multigênica , Diploide , Melhoramento Vegetal , Filogenia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Genoma de Planta , Proteínas de Plantas/genética
7.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0134622, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374095

RESUMO

With the globally prevailing carbapenemase-producing (CP) Citrobacter spp., polymyxin antibiotics have been reconsidered as one of the last-resort treatment options. Our study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of mcr-9 in Citrobacter species. From October to November 2021, 650 fecal samples and 215 Citrobacter isolates were collected from healthy individuals and infected patients, respectively. Isolates were screened for the presence of the mcr-9 gene by the PCR method. mcr-9-carrying strains were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry. Due to the susceptibility to colistin, Citrobacter spp. isolates were first induced to increase the expression of mcr-9 on China blue agar plates containing colistin and were then subjected to conjugation experiments. Whole-genome sequencing was performed on the Illumina NovaSeq PE150 system. The prevalence of mcr-9 in the Citrobacter genus from healthy guts and infected patients was 0.62% and 1.86%, respectively. In all mcr-9-positive strains, MICs of polymyxin B were observed at ≤2 µg/mL, displaying a nonresistant phenotype. As for conjugation experiments, only one isolate successfully transferred the mcr-9 gene to Escherichia coli C600. Whole-genome sequencing showed that eight mcr-9-positive Citrobacter isolates carried mcr-9 and genes encoding resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics, including blaCMY, blaDHA, blaSHV, blaTEM, and blaCTX-M. We also discovered that mcr-9 could be located on the pKPC-CAV1321 plasmid. Our study investigated the prevalence of mcr-9 in Citrobacter spp. in both healthy individuals and infected patients and described the carriage of mcr-9 on the pKPC-CAV1321 plasmid for the first time. IMPORTANCE The emergence of mcr homologues posed a serious threat to the therapeutic efficiency of polymyxin antibiotics. Citrobacter freundii is generally regarded as an opportunistic pathogen associated with a variety of nosocomial infections. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of mcr-9 in Citrobacter spp. isolates from healthy individuals and infected patients and highlighted the importance of the rational use of antibiotics. In addition, this epidemiological investigation is the first to describe the carriage of mcr-9 on plasmid pKPC-CAV1321 and confirms the horizontal transfer of this plasmid. Our research may shed new light on further studies of mcr-9 dissemination in humans.

8.
BMC Nurs ; 21(1): 311, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Effective team leadership and good activation criteria can effectively initiate rapid response system (RRS) to reduce hospital mortality and improve quality of life. The first reaction time of nurses plays an important role in the rescue process. To construct a nurse-led (nurse-led RRS) and activation criteria and then to conduct a pragmatic evaluation of the nurse-led RRS. METHODS: We used literature review and the Delphi method to construct a nurse-led RRS and activation criteria based on the theory of "rapid response system planning." Then, we conducted a quasi-experimental study to verify the nurse-led RRS. The control group patients were admitted from August to October 2020 and performed traditional rescue procedures. The intervention group patients were admitted from August to October 2021 and implemented nurse-led RRS. The primary outcome was success rate of rescue. SETTING: Emergency department, Gansu Province, China. RESULTS: The nurse-led RRS and activation criteria include 4 level 1 indicators, 14 level 2 indicators, and 88 level 3 indicators. There were 203 patients who met the inclusion criteria to verify the nurse-led RRS. The results showed that success rate of rescue in intervention group (86.55%) was significantly higher than that in control group (66.5%), the rate of cardiac arrest in intervention group (33.61%) was significantly lower than that in control group (72.62%), the effective rescue time of intervention group (46.98 ± 12.01 min) was shorter than that of control group (58.67 ± 13.73 min), and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The rate of unplanned ICU admissions in intervention group (42.85%) was lower than that in control group (44.04%), but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The nurse-led RRS and activation criteria can improve the success rate of rescue, reduce the rate of cardiac arrest, shorten the effective time of rescue, effectively improve the rescue efficiency of patients.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36318881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic and cerebrovascular disease are strong independent contributors to cognitive irmpairment in people living with HIV (PWH). Data suggest that cardiovascular risk may play a greater role in cognitive health in women than men with HIV. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 104 participants with virologically suppressed HIV from two clinics in urban China. Participants underwent neuropsychological testing from which we calculated T-scores globally and in 5 cognitive domains. We assessed cerebral vasoreactivity of the middle cerebral arteries in response to breath-holding. We constructed linear regression models to determine associations between cerebrovascular and cognitive function overall and stratified by sex. RESULTS: Women were younger than men (48 versus 51 years, p=0.053), had fewer years of education (9 years versus 12 years, p=0.004), and fewer cardiometabolic risk factors (0 versus 1 factor, p=0.008). In a model with all participants, cerebrovascular function was significantly associated with global cognition (2.74 higher T-score per 1-point higher cerebral vasoreactivity [SE 1.30], p=0.037). Cerebrovascular function remained significantly associated with global cognition among women (4.15 higher T-score [SE 1.78], p=0.028) but not men (1.70 higher T-score [SE 1.74], p=0.33). The relationships between cerebrovascular function and specific cognitive domains followed a similar pattern, with significant associations present among women but not men. CONCLUSIONS: Women with well-controlled HIV may be more vulnerable to the impact of cerebrovascular injury on cognitive health than men. Studies evaluating strategies to protect against cognitive impairment in PWH should include adequate representation of women and stratification of analyses by sex.

11.
Bioengineered ; 13(6): 14770-14779, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36250718

RESUMO

miRNA is a small endogenous RNA and an important regulator of gene expression. miR-4443 is abnormally expressed in 12 diseases including cancer. The expression of miR-4443 is regulated by 3 upstream factors. miR-4443 has 12 downstream target genes. miR-4443 inhibits the expression of its target genes, thereby affecting the migration, proliferation, and invasion of pathological cells. miR-4443 participates in 4 signaling pathways and plays a role in the occurrence and development of several diseases. In addition, miR-4443 can also promote resistance to multiple drugs. Here, this article summarizes the aberrant expression of miR-4443 and its pathogenic molecular mechanisms in human diseases, which provides clues and directions for the follow-up research of miR-4443.


Dysregulation of miR-4443 affects the behaviors of diseased cells.miR-4443 is involved in the regulation of four signaling pathways.miR-4443 is associated with reduced drug sensitivity in cancer patients.


Assuntos
Doença , MicroRNAs , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Doença/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica
12.
Lancet Microbe ; 3(11): e846-e856, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36202114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: TMexCD1-TOprJ1, which is associated with phenotypic resistance to multiple classes of antibiotics, is a transmissible resistance-nodulation-division (RND) family efflux pump. However, the prevalence and genomic and phenotypic characteristics of clinical isolates with this important resistance determinant are poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to survey tmexCD-toprJ among clinical Gram-negative isolates collected from hospitals in China between 1991 and 2020 and characterise tmexCD-toprJ-positive clinical isolates. METHODS: We conducted online data retrieval and active nationwide surveillance in China to screen tmexCD-toprJ-positive strains. We characterised tmexCD-toprJ-positive clinical strains for their antimicrobial susceptibility, genetic and functional characteristics, and the potential inter-species transmission route of tmexCD-toprJ with whole genome sequencing and bioinformatics analyses. The function of tmexCD-toprJ in Pseudomonas sp and Proteus sp was investigated by tmexD gene knockdown using an isopropylthio-ß-galactoside-inducible CRISPR interference system. FINDINGS: Data retrieval obtained 53 strains carrying tmexCD-toprJ, comprising 32 Pseudomonas spp, 11 Klebsiella pneumoniae, one Aeromonas spp, one Citrobacter freundii, and one uncultured bacterium from diverse niches. 48 (0·64%) of 7517 clinical isolates from China, including seven Klebsiella spp, one Proteus mirabilis, and 40 Pseudomonas spp, carried tmexCD-toprJ. These isolates exhibited multidrug resistance phenotypes and co-harboured resistance genes, such as mcr and carbapenemases genes. tmexCD-toprJ was encoded on both plasmids and chromosomes in all Klebsiella spp that carried plasmid-borne tmexCD-toprJ (n=7), P mirabilis carried chromosome-borne tmexCD-toprJ, and Pseudomonas spp carried either plasmid-borne (n=19) or chromosome-borne (n=21) ones. tmexCD-toprJ had undergone clonal and horizontal transmission among clinical pathogens. Eight different types of genetic context of tmexCD-toprJ were identified, each of which was associated with different mobile elements, including IntI, IS6100, TnAs1-like, ISRor5, ISVsa3, ISCfr-like, Tn5393, and IS222-like, which might facilitate its transmission. Knockdown of tmexD led to a four times decrease in tigecycline minimum inhibitory concentrations in both Pseudomonas spp and Proteus spp. INTERPRETATION: Our study provides evidence to suggest that tmexCD-toprJ contributes to the antimicrobial resistance phenotypes in different bacterial species. tmexCD-toprJ has disseminated among diverse species of clinical pathogens, which warrants timely monitoring in clinical pathogens. FUNDING: National Natural Science Foundation of China, Guangdong Major Project of Basic and Applied Basic Research, Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province.


Assuntos
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteus mirabilis , Família Multigênica
13.
Nanoscale Adv ; 4(11): 2399-2411, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36134127

RESUMO

Organic ultrathin semiconductor nanostructures have attracted continuous attention in recent years owing to their excellent charge transport capability, favorable flexibility, solution-processability and adjustable photoelectric properties, providing opportunities for next-generation optoelectronic applications. For integrated electronics, organic ultrathin nanostructures need to be prepared as large-area patterns with precise alignment and high crystallinity to achieve organic electronic devices with high performance and high throughput. However, the fabrication of organic ultrathin nanostructure arrays still remains challenging due to uncontrollable growth along the height direction in solution processes. In this review, we first introduce the properties, assembly methods and applications of four typical organic ultrathin nanostructures, including small molecules, polymers, and other organic-inorganic hybrid materials. Five categories of representative solution-processing techniques for patterning organic micro- and nanostructures are summarized and discussed. Finally, challenges and perspectives in the controllable preparation of organic ultrathin arrays and potential applications are featured on the basis of their current development.

14.
Pharmaceutics ; 14(9)2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36145559

RESUMO

Oncolytic virotherapy is a type of nanomedicine with a dual antitumor mechanism. Viruses are engineered to selectively infect and lyse cancer cells directly, leading to the release of soluble antigens which induce systemic antitumor immunity. Representative drug Talimogene laherparepvec has showed promising therapeutic effects in advanced melanoma, especially when combined with immune checkpoint inhibitors with moderate adverse effects. Diverse viruses like herpes simplex virus, adenovirus, vaccina virus, and so on could be engineered as vectors to express different transgenic payloads, vastly expanding the therapeutic potential of oncolytic virotherapy. A number of related clinical trials are under way which are mainly focusing on solid tumors. Studies about further optimizing the genome of oncolytic viruses or improving the delivering system are in the hotspot, indicating the future development of oncolytic virotherapy in the clinic. This review introduces the latest progress in clinical trials and pre-clinical studies as well as technology innovations directed at oncolytic viruses. The challenges and perspectives of oncolytic virotherapy towards clinical application are also discussed.

15.
Crit Care ; 26(1): 267, 2022 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064613

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the safety and effects of unrestricted visiting policies (UVPs) and restricted visiting policies (RVPs) in intensive care units (ICUs) with respect to outcomes related to delirium, infection, and mortality. METHODS: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, CBMdisc, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP database records generated from their inception to 22 January 2022 were searched. Randomized controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies were included. The main outcomes investigated were delirium, ICU-acquired infection, ICU mortality, and length of ICU stay. Two reviewers independently screened studies, extracted data, and assessed risks of bias. Random­effects and fixed-effects meta­analyses were conducted to obtain pooled estimates, due to heterogeneity. Meta-analyses were performed using RevMan 5.3 software. The results were analyzed using odds ratios (ORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and standardized mean differences (SMDs). RESULTS: Eleven studies including a total of 3741 patients that compared UVPs and RVPs in ICUs were included in the analyses. Random effects modeling indicated that UVPs were associated with a reduced incidence of delirium (OR = 0.4, 95% CI 0.25-0.63, I2 = 71%, p = 0.0005). Fixed-effects modeling indicated that UVPs did not increase the incidences of ICU-acquired infections, including ventilator-associated pneumonia (OR = 0.96, 95% CI 0.71-1.30, I2 = 0%, p = 0.49), catheter-associated urinary tract infection (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.52-1.80, I2 = 0%, p = 0.55), and catheter-related blood stream infection (OR = 1.15, 95% CI 0.72-1.84, I2 = 0%, p = 0.66), or ICU mortality (OR = 1.03, 95% CI 0.83-1.28, I2 = 49%, p = 0.12). Forest plotting indicated that UVPs could reduce the lengths of ICU stays (SMD = - 0.97, 95% CI - 1.61 to 0.32, p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: The current meta-analysis indicates that adopting a UVP may significantly reduce the incidence of delirium in ICU patients, without increasing the risks of ICU-acquired infection or mortality. Further large-scale, multicenter studies are needed to confirm these indications.


Assuntos
Delírio , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica , Estado Terminal/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal/terapia , Delírio/epidemiologia , Delírio/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Políticas
16.
Small ; 18(41): e2203429, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084233

RESUMO

Flexible organic near-infrared (NIR) phototransistors hold promising prospects for potential applications such as noninvasive bioimaging, health monitoring, and biometric authentication. For integrated circuits of high-performance devices, organic single-crystalline micro-/nanostructures with precise positioning are prominently anticipated. However, the manufacturing of organic single-crystalline arrays remains a conundrum due to difficulties encountered in patterning arrays of dewetting processes at micron-scale confined space and modulating the dewetting dynamics. Herein, we utilize a capillary-bridge lithography strategy to fabricate organic 1D arrays with high quality, homogeneous size, and deterministic location toward high-performance flexible organic NIR phototransistors. Regular micro-liquid stripes and unidirectional dewetting are synchronously achieved by adapting micropillar templates with asymmetric wettability. As a result, high-throughput 1D arrays based organic field-effect transistors exhibit high electron mobility up to 9.82 cm2  V-1  s-1 . Impressively, flexible NIR phototransistors also show outstanding photoelectronic performances with a photosensitivity of 9.87 × 105 , a responsivity of 1.79 × 104  A W-1 , and a specific detectivity of 3.92 × 1014 Jones. This work paves a novel way to pattern high-throughput organic single-crystalline microarrays toward flexible NIR organic optoelectronics.


Assuntos
Molhabilidade
17.
Neurol Sci ; 43(12): 6719-6730, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35982362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment can seriously affect the quality of life of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Although numerous studies showed that N200, P300 latency and amplitude are correlated with cognitive functions, there is a sufficient amount of controversial results. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a meta-analysis of N200, P300 latency and amplitude data of event-related potential (ERP) in PD. METHODS: We systematically searched on PubMed and Web of Science for PD-related ERP studies published before December 2021. Standard mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) estimates of N200 and P300 components were compared among PD patients, PD dementia (PDD) patients, PD non-dementia (PDND) patient, and healthy control (HC). RESULTS: Our meta-analysis showed prolonged N200 latency at the Fz, Cz electrode sites, prolonged P300 latency at the Fz sites in PD patients, compared to HC; prolonged N200 latency at the Cz, Pz electrode sites in PDND patients, compared to HC; prolonged P300 latency at the Cz site in PDD patients, compared to PDND patients; and reduced P300 amplitude at the Fz electrode site in PDND patients, compared to HC. CONCLUSIONS: N200 and P300 component may be potential electrophysiological biomarkers of early cognitive impairment in PD patients. Future studies are needed to confirm this conclusion. Estimates of N200 and P300 component can be a valuable support for clinicians in diagnosis of early cognitive impairment in PD patients due to the simplicity and non-invasiveness of the procedure.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Potenciais Evocados P300/fisiologia , Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(34): 39451-39458, 2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35984310

RESUMO

Halide double perovskites present a new branch for versatile optoelectronic devices because of their huge structural compatibility and environmental friendliness, whereas nonlinear optics (NLO) devices remain blank for this fascinating family. Simultaneously, the precise patterning of single-crystalline perovskite microwire arrays remains a challenge for the integration of NLO devices. Herein, we designed lead-free chiral 2D double perovskites with the nonsymmetrical structure presenting second-harmonic generation (SHG). Furthermore, perovskite single-crystalline arrays with regulated geometry, pure orientation, and high crystallinity are prepared using the capillary-bridge confined assembly technique. The efficient SHG originates from the asymmetric crystal structure and high crystallinity of the microwire arrays. Compared with their polycrystalline thin-film counterparts, linearly polarized SHG and a higher SHG conversion efficiency are demonstrated based on microwire arrays. The results not only expand the applications of lead-free double perovskites in the NLO-integrated fields but also provide a viable way for lead-free optoelectronic devices.

19.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 19(9): 971-992, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35970871

RESUMO

Pyroptosis is a form of programmed cell death mediated by gasdermin and is a product of continuous cell expansion until the cytomembrane ruptures, resulting in the release of cellular contents that can activate strong inflammatory and immune responses. Pyroptosis, an innate immune response, can be triggered by the activation of inflammasomes by various influencing factors. Activation of these inflammasomes can induce the maturation of caspase-1 or caspase-4/5/11, both of which cleave gasdermin D to release its N-terminal domain, which can bind membrane lipids and perforate the cell membrane. Here, we review the latest advancements in research on the mechanisms of pyroptosis, newly discovered influencing factors, antitumoral properties, and applications in various diseases. Moreover, this review also provides updates on potential targeted therapies for inflammation and cancers, methods for clinical prevention, and finally challenges and future directions in the field.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Piroptose , Caspases/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação
20.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 36(11): e5473, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916265

RESUMO

Soyasaponin Bb is one of the bioactive oleanolic acid-type triterpenoid saponins mainly isolated from soybean. It possesses significant antithrombosis, hypolipidemic, anticancer, and antioxidant activities. However, the metabolic profiles of soyasaponin Bb are still unknown. The present study investigated the metabolites of soyasaponin Bb in plasma, bile, urine, and feces samples after intragastric administration using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry, and its possible metabolic pathways were subsequently proposed. Using the metabolite profiling strategy, 11 metabolites were first identified from urine, plasma, bile, and feces of rats after intragastric administration of soyasaponin Bb. Hydroxylation and hydrolysis were the major metabolic pathways of soyasaponin Bb in rat. The results expand our knowledge of the metabolism of soyasaponin Bb, which could provide valuable information for better comprehension of future pharmacological research.


Assuntos
Ácido Oleanólico , Saponinas , Administração Oral , Animais , Antioxidantes/análise , Bile/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Fezes/química , Ácido Oleanólico/análise , Ratos , Saponinas/análise
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