Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 9 de 9
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Nano Lett ; 21(5): 1968-1975, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600187

RESUMO

The transition-metal dichalcogenide VSe2 exhibits an increased charge density wave transition temperature and an emerging insulating phase when thinned to a single layer. Here, we investigate the interplay of electronic and lattice degrees of freedom that underpin these phases in single-layer VSe2 using ultrafast pump-probe photoemission spectroscopy. In the insulating state, we observe a light-induced closure of the energy gap, which we disentangle from the ensuing hot carrier dynamics by fitting a model spectral function to the time-dependent photoemission intensity. This procedure leads to an estimated time scale of 480 fs for the closure of the gap, which suggests that the phase transition in single-layer VSe2 is driven by electron-lattice interactions rather than by Mott-like electronic effects. The ultrafast optical switching of these interactions in SL VSe2 demonstrates the potential for controlling phase transitions in 2D materials with light.

2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(44): 25695-25703, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146165

RESUMO

Femtosecond pump-probe photoelectron spectroscopy measurements using an extreme ultraviolet probe have been made on the photodissociation dynamics of UV (269 nm) excited CH3I. The UV excitation leads to population of the 3Q0 state which rapidly dissociates. The dissociation is manifested as shifts in the measured photoelectron kinetic energy that map the extending C-I bond. The increased energy available in the XUV probe relative to a UV probe means the dynamics are followed over the chemically important region as far as C-I bond lengths of approximately 4 Å.

3.
Sci Adv ; 6(18): eaaz3025, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32494674

RESUMO

Microscopy with extreme ultraviolet (EUV) light can provide many advantages over optical, hard x-ray or electron-based techniques. However, traditional EUV sources and optics have large disadvantages of scale and cost. Here, we demonstrate the use of a laboratory-scale, coherent EUV source to image biological samples-mouse hippocampal neurons-providing quantitative phase and amplitude transmission information with a lateral resolution of 80 nm and an axial sensitivity of ~1 nm. A comparison with fluorescence imaging of the same samples demonstrated EUV imaging was able to identify, without the need for staining or superresolution techniques, <100-nm-wide and <10-nm-thick structures not observable from the fluorescence images. Unlike hard x-ray microscopy, no damage is observed of the delicate neuron structure. The combination of previously demonstrated tomographic imaging techniques with the latest advances in laser technologies and coherent EUV sources has the potential for high-resolution element-specific imaging within biological structures in 3D.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(21): 11142-11149, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31094379

RESUMO

The dissociation dynamics of CH3I is investigated on the red (269 nm) and blue (255 nm) side of the absorption maximum of the A-band. Using a multiphoton ionisation probe in a time-resolved photoelectron imaging experiment we observe very different dynamics at the two wavelengths, with significant differences in the measured lifetime and dynamic structure. The differences are explained in terms of changes in excitation cross-sections of the accessible 3Q0 and 1Q1 states and the subsequent dynamics upon each of them. The measurements support the existing literature on the rapid dissociation dynamics on the red side of the absorption maximum at 269 nm which is dominated by the dynamics along the 3Q0 state. At 255 nm we observe similar dynamics along the 3Q0 state but also a significant contribution from the 1Q1 state. The dynamics along the 1Q1 potential show a more complex structure in the photoelectron spectrum and a significantly increased lifetime, indicative of a more complex reaction pathway.

5.
Opt Lett ; 40(7): 1208-11, 2015 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25831294

RESUMO

Using a zero-offset carrier-envelope locking technique, we have synthesized an octave-spanning composite frequency comb exhibiting 132-attosecond timing jitter between the constituent pulses over a one-second observation window. In the frequency domain, this composite comb has a modal structure and coherence which are indistinguishable from those of a comb that might be produced by a hypothetical single mode locked oscillator of equivalent bandwidth. The associated phase stability enables the participating multi-color pulse sequences to be coherently combined, representing an example of multi-pulse synthesis using a femtosecond oscillator.

6.
Opt Lett ; 36(10): 1746-8, 2011 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21593877

RESUMO

We present a technique for frequency-resolved wavefront characterization of high harmonics based on lateral shearing interferometry. Tilted replicas of the driving laser pulse are produced by a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, producing separate focii in the target. The interference of the resulting harmonics on a flat-field extreme ultraviolet spectrometer yields the spatial phase derivative. A comprehensive set of spatial profiles, resolved by harmonic order, validate the technique and reveal the interplay of single-atom and macroscopic effects.

7.
Opt Express ; 19(25): 25355-66, 2011 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22273927

RESUMO

We demonstrate that multiple spectral-shearing interferometry increases the precision and accuracy of measurements of the spectral phase of a complex pulse (time-bandwidth product = 125) arising from self-phase modulation in a gas filled capillary. We verify that the measured interferometric phase is accurate to 0.1 rad across the full bandwidth by checking the consistency between the spectral phases of each individual shear measurement. The accuracy of extracting pulse parameters (group delay dispersion, pulse duration and peak intensity) for single shear measurements were verified to better than 10% by comparison with the multishear reconstruction. High order space-time coupling is quantified across a single transverse dimension, verifying the suitability of such pulses for use in strong field experiments.


Assuntos
Modelos Teóricos , Análise Espectral/métodos , Simulação por Computador , Interferometria/métodos , Luz , Dinâmica não Linear , Espalhamento de Radiação
8.
Opt Lett ; 31(12): 1914-6, 2006 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16729113

RESUMO

We demonstrate an extremely accurate method for measuring ultrabroadband, sub-10 fs pulses even if they exhibit a highly modulated spectrum, space-time coupling, or both. The method uses a spatially encoded arrangement for spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction, which allows a zero additional phase measurement to be performed with a relatively low signal-to-noise ratio in real time and single shot.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 94(3): 033905, 2005 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15698270

RESUMO

We propose a method for the complete characterization of attosecond duration electromagnetic pulses produced by high harmonic generation in an atomic gas. Our method is based on self-referencing spectral interferometry of two spectrally sheared extreme ultraviolet pulses, which is achieved by pumping the harmonic source with two sheared optical driving pulses. The resulting interferogram contains sufficient information to completely reconstruct the temporal behavior of the electric field. We demonstrate that such a method is feasible, and outline two possible experimental configurations.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...