Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 24
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 105(1)2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633765

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the association between insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and blood pressure in children, in particular, the potential interaction with the serum calcium-phosphorus product (Ca*P). METHODS: A longitudinal study included 521 children (age 8.8 ± 0.1) from northeastern Spain, of whom 158 were followed-up after 5 years. IGF-1, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3), and serum calcium and phosphorus were measured at baseline. Anthropometric (body-mass index [BMI] and waist) and cardiometabolic variables (systolic [SBP] and diastolic blood pressure), pulse pressure, insulin, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance [HOMA-IR], high-density lipoprotein [HDL]-cholesterol, and triglycerides) were assessed at baseline and at the end of follow-up. Statistical analysis included Pearson correlations followed by multivariable linear regression analyses. RESULTS: Baseline IGF-1 and IGF-1/IGFBP-3 molar ratio positively correlated with baseline and follow-up BMI, waist, SBP, pulse pressure, insulin, HOMA-IR and triglycerides (r 0.138-0.603; all P < 0.05). The associations with SBP were stronger with increasing Ca*P (r 0.261-0.625 for IGF-1; and r 0.174-0.583 for IGF-1/IGFBP-3). After adjusting for confounding variables, baseline IGF-1 and IGF-1/IGFBP-3 remained independently associated with both baseline and follow-up SBP in children in the highest Ca*P tertile (ß = 0.245-0.381; P < 0.01; model R2 = 0.246-0.566). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that IGF-1 in childhood is an independent predictor of SBP in apparently healthy children, especially in those with high Ca*P levels.

2.
Int J Obes (Lond) ; 44(1): 13-22, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study DNA methylation at the C19MC locus in the placenta and its association with (1) parental body size, (2) transmission of haplotypes for the C19MC rs55765443 SNP, and (3) offspring's body size and/or body composition at birth and in childhood. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-two pregnant women-infant pairs and 63 fathers were included in the study. Weight and height of mothers, fathers and newborns were registered during pregnancy or at birth (n = 72). Placental DNA methylation at the C19MC imprinting control region (ICR) was quantified by bisulfite pyrosequencing. Genotyping of the SNP was performed using restriction fragment length polymorphisms. The children's body size and composition were reassessed at age 6 years (n = 32). RESULTS: Lower levels of placental C19MC methylation were associated with increased body size of mother, specifically with higher pregestational and predelivery weights and height of the mother (ß from -0.294 to -0.371; R2 from 0.04 to 0.10 and all p < 0.019), and with higher weight, height, waist and hip circumferences, and fat mass of the child (ß from -0.428 to -0.552; R2 from 0.33 to 0.56 and all p < 0.009). Parental transmission of the SNP did not correlate with an altered placental methylation status at the C19MC ICR. CONCLUSIONS: Increased maternal size is associated with reduced placental C19MC methylation, which, in turn, relate to larger body size of the child.

3.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0226303, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metformin treatment (1000-2000 mg/day) over 6 months in pubertal children and/or adolescents with obesity and hyperinsulinism is associated with a reduction in body mass index (BMI) and the insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR). We aimed to ascertain if long-term treatment (24 months) with lower doses of metformin (850 mg/day) normalizes the endocrine-metabolic abnormalities, improves body composition, and reduces the carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in pre-puberal and early pubertal children with obesity. METHODS: A pilot double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted on 18 pre-puberal and early pubertal (Tanner stage I-II) children with obesity and risk markers for metabolic syndrome. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive metformin (850 mg/day) or placebo for 24 months. Clinical, biochemical (insulin, lipids, leptin, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hsCRP]), and imaging (body composition [dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and magnetic resonance imaging]) parameters as well as cIMT (ultrasonography) were assessed at baseline and at 6, 12, and 24 months. RESULTS: The 12-month treatment tend to cause a reduction in weight standard deviation scores (SDS), BMI-SDS, leptin, leptin-to-high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin ratio, hsCRP, cIMT, fat mass, and liver fat in metformin-treated children compared with placebo. The effect of metformin on the reduction of BMI-SDS, leptin, leptin-to-HMW adiponectin ratio, hsCRP, and liver fat seemed to be maintained after completing the 24 months of treatment. No changes in insulin sensitivity (HOMA-IR) or adverse effects were detected. CONCLUSION: In this pilot study, metformin treatment in pre-puberal and early pubertal children with obesity seemed to improve body composition and inflammation markers. Our data encourage the development of future fully powered trials using 850 mg/day metformin in young children, highlighting its excellent tolerance and potential long-term benefits.

4.
J Hypertens ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790055

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The clinical utility of screening for pediatric metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children and adolescents is still controversial. We examined the performance of pediatric MetS vs. clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (which are the components of MetS) for predicting high carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in children and adolescents. METHODS: Participants included 2427 children and adolescents aged 6-17 years from population-based studies in three countries (Brazil, China and Italy). Pediatric MetS was defined using either the modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria or the modified International Diabetes Federation criteria. Clustering of cardiovascular risk factors was calculated as the sum of five components of MetS (i.e. central obesity, elevated blood pressure, elevated triglycerides, reduced HDL-cholesterol and elevated fasting blood glucose). High cIMT was defined as cIMT at least 95th percentile values for sex and age developed from European children. RESULTS: Presence of one, two or at least three cardiovascular risk factors (using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria), as compared with none, was associated with gradually increasing odds of high cIMT [odds ratios (95% confidence intervals): 1.60 (1.29-1.99), 2.89 (2.21-3.78) and 4.24 (2.81-6.39), respectively]. High cIMT was also associated with presence (vs. absence) of MetS (odds ratio = 2.88, 95% confidence interval = 1.95-4.26). However, clustering of cardiovascular risk factors predicted high cIMT markedly better than MetS (area under the curve of 0.66 vs. 0.54, respectively). Findings were similar using the International Diabetes Federation criteria for pediatric MetS. CONCLUSION: In children and adolescents, a graded score based on five cardiovascular risk factors (used to define MetS) predicted high cIMT markedly better than MetS. These findings do not support the clinical utility of MetS for screening youth at increased cardiovascular risk, as expressed in this study by high cIMT.

5.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 446, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: NOTCH1 gene mutations in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) have been described in about 5-10% of cases and are associated with significantly shorter survival rates. The present study aimed to investigate the biological impact of this mutation in MCL and its potential as a therapeutic target. METHODS: Activation of Notch1 signaling upon ligand-stimulation and inhibitory effects of the monoclonal anti-Notch1 antibody OMP-52M51 in NOTCH1-mutated and -unmutated MCL cells were assessed by Western Blot and gene expression profiling. Effects of OMP-52M51 treatment on tumor cell migration and tumor angiogenesis were evaluated with chemotaxis and HUVEC tube formation assays. The expression of Delta-like ligand 4 (DLL4) in MCL lymph nodes was analyzed by immunofluorescence staining and confocal microscopy. A MCL mouse model was used to assess the activity of OMP-52M51 in vivo. RESULTS: Notch1 expression can be effectively stimulated in NOTCH1-mutated Mino cells by DLL4, whereas in the NOTCH1-unmutated cell line JeKo-1, less effect was observed upon any ligand-stimulation. DLL4 was expressed by histiocytes in both, NOTCH1-mutated and -unmutated MCL lymph nodes. Treatment of NOTCH1-mutated MCL cells with the monoclonal anti-Notch1 antibody OMP-52M51 effectively prevented DLL4-dependent activation of Notch1 and suppressed the induction of numerous direct Notch target genes involved in lymphoid biology, lymphomagenesis and disease progression. Importantly, in lymph nodes from primary MCL cases with NOTCH1/2 mutations, we detected an upregulation of the same gene sets as observed in DLL4-stimulated Mino cells. Furthermore, DLL4 stimulation of NOTCH1-mutated Mino cells enhanced tumor cell migration and angiogenesis, which could be abolished by treatment with OMP-52M51. Importantly, the effects observed were specific for NOTCH1-mutated cells as they did not occur in the NOTCH1-wt cell line JeKo-1. Finally, we confirmed the potential activity of OMP-52M51 to inhibit DLL4-induced Notch1-Signaling in vivo in a xenograft mouse model of MCL. CONCLUSION: DLL4 effectively stimulates Notch1 signaling in NOTCH1-mutated MCL and is expressed by the microenvironment in MCL lymph nodes. Our results indicate that specific inhibition of the Notch1-ligand-receptor interaction might provide a therapeutic alternative for a subset of MCL patients.

6.
Oncogene ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616059

RESUMO

Targeting Notch signaling has emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), particularly in NOTCH1-mutated patients. We provide first evidence that the Notch ligand DLL4 is a potent stimulator of Notch signaling in NOTCH1-mutated CLL cells while increases cell proliferation. Importantly, DLL4 is expressed in histiocytes from the lymph node, both in NOTCH1-mutated and -unmutated cases. We also show that the DLL4-induced activation of the Notch signaling pathway can be efficiently blocked with the specific anti-Notch1 antibody OMP-52M51. Accordingly, OMP-52M51 also reverses Notch-induced MYC, CCND1, and NPM1 gene expression as well as cell proliferation in NOTCH1-mutated CLL cells. In addition, DLL4 stimulation triggers the expression of protumor target genes, such as CXCR4, NRARP, and VEGFA, together with an increase in cell migration and angiogenesis. All these events can be antagonized by OMP-52M51. Collectively, our results emphasize the role of DLL4 stimulation in NOTCH1-mutated CLL and confirm the specific therapeutic targeting of Notch1 as a promising approach for this group of poor prognosis CLL patients.

7.
Pediatr Res ; 86(2): 195-201, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although prenatal and postnatal programming of metabolic diseases in adulthood is well established, the mechanisms underpinning metabolic programming are not. Dlk1, a key regulator of fetal development, inhibits adipocyte differentiation and restricts fetal growth. METHODS: Assess DLk1 expression in a Wistar rat model of catch-up growth following intrauterine restriction. Dams fed ad libitum delivered control pups (C) and dams on a 50% calorie-restricted diet delivered pups with low birth weight (R). Restricted offspring fed a standard rat chow showed catch-up growth (R/C) but those kept on a calorie-restricted diet did not (R/R). RESULTS: Decreased Dlk1 expression was observed in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle of R/C pups along with excessive visceral fat accumulation, decreased circulating adiponectin, increased triglycerides and HOMA-IR (from p < 0.05 to p < 0.0001). Moreover, in R/C pups the reduced Dlk1 expression in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle correlated with visceral fat (r = -0.820, p < 00001) and HOMA-IR (r = -0.745, p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Decreased Dlk1 expression relates to visceral fat expansion and insulin resistance in a rat model of catch-up growth following prenatal growth restriction. Modulation of Dlk1 expression could be among the targets for the early prevention of fetal programming of adult metabolic disorders.

8.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 104(11): 5285-5298, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125087

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Catch-up growth in infants who are small for gestational age (SGA) is a risk factor for the development of cardiometabolic diseases in adulthood. The basis and mechanisms underpinning catch-up growth in newborns who are SGA are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To identify umbilical cord miRNAs associated with catch-up growth in infants who are SGA and study their relationship with offspring's cardiometabolic parameters. DESIGN: miRNA PCR panels were used to study the miRNA profile in umbilical cord tissue of five infants who were SGA with catch-up (SGA-CU), five without catch-up (SGA-nonCU), and five control infants [appropriate for gestational age (AGA)]. The miRNAs with the smallest nominal P values were validated in 64 infants (22 AGA, 18 SGA-nonCU, and 24 SGA-CU) and correlated with anthropometric parameters at 1 (n = 64) and 6 years of age (n = 30). RESULTS: miR-501-3p, miR-576-5p, miR-770-5p, and miR-876-3p had nominally significant associations with increased weight, height, weight catch-up, and height catch-up at 1 year, and miR-374b-3p, miR-548c-5p, and miR-576-5p had nominally significant associations with increased weight, height, waist, hip, and renal fat at 6 years. Multivariate analysis suggested miR-576-5p as a predictor of weight catch-up and height catch-up at 1 year, as well as weight, waist, and renal fat at 6 years. In silico studies suggested that miR-576-5p participates in the regulation of inflammatory, growth, and proliferation signaling pathways. CONCLUSIONS: Umbilical cord miRNAs could be novel biomarkers for the early identification of catch-up growth in infants who are SGA. miR-576-5p may contribute to the regulation of postnatal growth and influence the risk for cardiometabolic diseases associated with a mismatch between prenatal and postnatal weight gain.

9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 5265, 2019 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30918295

RESUMO

Renal size is an important parameter for the evaluation and diagnosis of kidney disease and has been associated with several cardiovascular risk factors in patients with kidney failure. These results are however discordant and studies in healthy children are lacking. We aimed to study the association between renal size (length and volume) and cardiovascular risk parameters in healthy children. Clinical, analytical and ultrasound parameters [renal length, renal volume, perirenal fat and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT)] were determined in 515 healthy prepubertal children (176 lean, 208 overweight and 131 obese). Renal length and volume associated significantly and positively with several anthropometric and cardiovascular risk parameters including cIMT and systolic blood pressure (SBP) (all p < 0.001). Renal length and volume associated with cIMT and SBP in all study subgroups, but these associations were predominant in obese children, in whom these associations were independent after adjusting for age, gender and BSA (all p < 0.05). In multivariate analyses in the study subjects as a whole, renal length was an independent predictor of cIMT (ß = 0.310, p < 0.0001) and SBP (ß = 0.116, p = 0.03). Renal size associates with cIMT and SBP, independent of other well-established cardiovascular risk factors, and may represent helpful parameters for the early assessment of cardiovascular risk in children.

10.
Diabetes Care ; 42(1): 119-125, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30420475

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It has been argued that metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) does not increase cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. This study examines the association of MHO with carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), a proxy of CVD risk, in children and adolescents. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were available for 3,497 children and adolescents aged 6-17 years from five population-based cross-sectional studies in Brazil, China, Greece, Italy, and Spain. Weight status categories (normal, overweight, and obese) were defined using BMI cutoffs from the International Obesity Task Force. Metabolic status (defined as "healthy" [no risk factors] or "unhealthy" [one or more risk factors]) was based on four CVD risk factors: elevated blood pressure, elevated triglyceride levels, reduced HDL cholesterol, and elevated fasting glucose. High cIMT was defined as cIMT ≥90th percentile for sex, age, and study population. Logistic regression model was used to examine the association of weight and metabolic status with high cIMT, with adjustment for sex, age, race/ethnicity, and study center. RESULTS: In comparison with metabolically healthy normal weight, odds ratios (ORs) for high cIMT were 2.29 (95% CI 1.58-3.32) for metabolically healthy overweight and 3.91 (2.46-6.21) for MHO. ORs for high cIMT were 1.44 (1.03-2.02) for unhealthy normal weight, 3.49 (2.51-4.85) for unhealthy overweight, and 6.96 (5.05-9.61) for unhealthy obesity. CONCLUSIONS: Among children and adolescents, cIMT was higher for both MHO and metabolically healthy overweight compared with metabolically healthy normal weight. Our findings reinforce the need for weight control in children and adolescents irrespective of their metabolic status.


Assuntos
Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Pressão Sanguínea , Brasil , Criança , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Grécia , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Itália , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/sangue , Sobrepeso/sangue , Obesidade Pediátrica/sangue , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Espanha
11.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 17864, 2018 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552346

RESUMO

Although alkaline phosphatase (ALP) correlates with cardiovascular risk in adults, there are no studies in children. We evaluated the association between serum ALP levels, calcium-phosphorus product (Ca*P) and cardiovascular risk markers in healthy children. Children aged 7.9 ± 1.4 (n = 379) were recruited in this cross-sectional study. The main outcome measures were systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT). Additional assessments were body-mass index (BMI), waist circumference, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and fasting lipids, ALP, serum calcium, phosphorus and Ca*P. ALP was directly correlated with BMI (p < 0.0001), waist circumference (p < 0.0001), SBP (p < 0.0001), cIMT (p = 0.005), HOMA-IR (p < 0.0001), and fasting triglycerides (p = 0.0001). Among them, in children with Ca*P values above the median the associations were BMI (r = 0.231; p = 0.001), waist (r = 0.252; p < 0.0001), SBP (r = 0.324; p < 0.0001), cIMT (r = 0.248; p = 0.001) and HOMA-IR (r = 0.291; p < 0.0001)]. ALP independently associated with SBP (ß = 0.290, p < 0.001) and cIMT (ß = 0.179, p = 0.013) in children with higher Ca*P, after adjusting for confounding variables. Circulating ALP is associated with a more adverse cardiovascular profile in children with higher Ca*P. We suggest that serum ALP and Ca*P levels could contribute to the assessment of risk for cardiovascular disease in children.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Aterosclerose/patologia , Cálcio/sangue , Fósforo/sangue , Soro/química , Análise Química do Sangue , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Medição de Risco
12.
PLoS One ; 13(10): e0205592, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30321217

RESUMO

Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) negatively associates with pre-gestational body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain. The link with other cardio-metabolic risk factors in pregnant women is poorly understood. Our aim was to study the association of SHBG levels with common cardio-metabolic risk parameters in pregnant woman. Serum SHBG was quantified in 291 Caucasian pregnant women (142 with normal weight, 42 with pregestational obesity, 50 with gestational obesity and 57 with pregestational plus gestational obesity) with uncomplicated pregnancies and parturition. Cardio-metabolic [C-reactive protein (CRP), blood pressure (BP), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAc1), glucose, C-peptide, insulin, triglycerides and high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin], and endocrine [testosterone and estradiol] parameters were also assessed. SHBG was negatively correlated with BMI, but also with CRP, BP, HbAc1, pre and post-load glucose, C-peptide, HOMA-IR, triglycerides; and positively with HMW adiponectin (all p<0.01 to p<0.0001). These associations were more robust in women with pregestational plus gestational obesity, who had lower SHBG, in comparison to normal-weight women (p<0.0001). In multivariate analyses in women with pregestational plus gestational obesity SHBG showed independent associations with CRP (ß = -0.352, p = 0.03, R2 = 8.0%), DBP (ß = -0.353, p = 0.03, R2 = 7.0%) and SBP (ß = -0.333, p = 0.04, R2 = 6.0%) independently of BMI and metabolic and endocrine parameters. SHBG is decreased in pregnant women with pregestational plus gestational obesity in association with common cardio-metabolic parameters. SHBG could represent an integrating biomarker for an adverse cardio-metabolic profile in pregnant women with pregestational plus gestational obesity.


Assuntos
Obesidade/sangue , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual/metabolismo , Adiponectina/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peptídeo C/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Obesidade/complicações , Gravidez , Triglicerídeos/sangue
13.
Oncotarget ; 7(5): 5507-20, 2016 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26701728

RESUMO

Clinical responses to bendamustine in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are highly heterogeneous and no specific markers to predict sensitivity to this drug have been reported. In order to identify biomarkers of response, we analyzed the in vitro activity of bendamustine and the gene expression profile in primary CLL cells. We observed that mRNA expression of CD69 (CD69) and ITGAM (CD11b) constitute the most powerful predictor of response to bendamustine. When we interrogated the predictive value of the corresponding cell surface proteins, the expression of the activation marker CD69 was the most reliable predictor of sensitivity to bendamustine. Importantly, a multivariate analysis revealed that the predictive value of CD69 expression was independent from other clinico-biological CLL features. We also showed that when CLL cells were co-cultured with distinct subtypes of stromal cells, an upregulation of CD69 was accompanied by a reduced sensitivity to bendamustine. In agreement with this, tumor cells derived from lymphoid tumor niches harbored higher CD69 expression and were less sensitive to bendamustine than their peripheral blood counterparts. Furthermore, pretreatment of CD69 high CLL cases with the B-cell receptor (BCR) pathway inhibitors ibrutinib and idelalisib decreased CD69 levels and enhanced bendamustine cytotoxic effect. Collectively, our findings indicate that CD69 could be a predictor of bendamustine response in CLL patients and the combination of clinically-tested BCR signaling inhibitors with bendamustine may represent a promising strategy for bendamustine low responsive CLL cases.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/farmacologia , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/metabolismo , Purinas/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Quinazolinonas/farmacologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/genética , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcriptoma , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
14.
Oncotarget ; 6(26): 22734-49, 2015 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26068951

RESUMO

Mutations or deregulated expression of the components of the spliceosome can influence the splicing pattern of several genes and contribute to the development of tumors. In this context, we report that the spliceosome modulator sudemycin induces selective cytotoxicity in primary chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells when compared with healthy lymphocytes and tumor cells from other B-lymphoid malignancies, with a slight bias for CLL cases with mutations in spliceosome-RNA processing machinery. Consistently, sudemycin exhibits considerable antitumor activity in NOD/SCID/IL2Rγ-/- (NSG) mice engrafted with primary cells from CLL patients. The antileukemic effect of sudemycin involves the splicing modulation of several target genes important for tumor survival, both in SF3B1-mutated and -unmutated cases. Thus, the apoptosis induced by this compound is related to the alternative splicing switch of MCL1 toward its proapoptotic isoform. Sudemycin also functionally disturbs NF-κB pathway in parallel with the induction of a spliced RELA variant that loses its DNA binding domain. Importantly, we show an enhanced antitumor effect of sudemycin in combination with ibrutinib that might be related to the modulation of the alternative splicing of the inhibitor of Btk (IBTK). In conclusion, we provide first evidence that the spliceosome is a relevant therapeutic target in CLL, supporting the use of splicing modulators alone or in combination with ibrutinib as a promising approach for the treatment of CLL patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Cicloexilaminas/farmacologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Cicloexilaminas/administração & dosagem , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/sangue , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Camundongos Transgênicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Processamento de RNA , Compostos de Espiro/administração & dosagem , Spliceossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Spliceossomos/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
Oncotarget ; 6(25): 21159-72, 2015 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26110568

RESUMO

Acadesine is a nucleoside analogue with known activity against B-cell malignancies. Herein, we showed that in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cells acadesine induced caspase-dependent apoptosis through turning on the mitochondrial apoptotic machinery. At the molecular level, the compound triggered the activation of the AMPK pathway, consequently modulating known downstream targets, such as mTOR and the cell motility-related vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP). VASP phosphorylation by acadesine was concomitant with a blockade of CXCL12-induced migration. The inhibition of the mTOR cascade by acadesine, committed MCL cells to enter in apoptosis by a translational downregulation of the antiapoptotic Mcl-1 protein. In contrast, Bcl-2 protein levels were unaffected by acadesine and MCL samples expressing high levels of Bcl-2 tended to have a reduced response to the drug. Targeting Bcl-2 with the selective BH3-mimetic agent ABT-199 sensitized Bcl-2high MCL cells to acadesine. This effect was validated in vivo, where the combination of both agents displayed a more marked inhibition of tumor outgrowth than each drug alone. These findings support the notions that antiapoptotic proteins of the Bcl-2 family regulate MCL cell sensitivity to acadesine and that the combination of this agent with Bcl-2 inhibitors might be an interesting therapeutic option to treat MCL patients.


Assuntos
Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/análogos & derivados , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/administração & dosagem , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/metabolismo , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Ribonucleosídeos/administração & dosagem , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Actinas/química , Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/administração & dosagem , Animais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Quimiotaxia , Regulação para Baixo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Transplante de Neoplasias
16.
Cancer Discov ; 4(12): 1374-6, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25477106

RESUMO

Heinig and colleagues, using the Eµ-Tcl1 mouse model of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), shed light on the trafficking routes of CLL cells into the protective microenvironmental niches in secondary lymphoid organs. The authors propose a crucial role of the resident follicular dendritic cells for leukemia pathogenesis that is essentially orchestrated by the chemokine receptor CXCR5.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas Foliculares/imunologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/imunologia , Animais
17.
Oncotarget ; 5(16): 6788-800, 2014 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25216518

RESUMO

Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway activation contributes to mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) pathogenesis and drug resistance. Antitumor activity has been observed with mTOR inhibitors. However, they have shown limited clinical efficacy in relation to drug activation of feedback loops. Selective PI3K inhibition or dual PI3K/mTOR catalytic inhibition are different therapeutic approaches developed to achieve effective pathway blockage. Here, we have performed a comparative analysis of the mTOR inhibitor everolimus, the pan-PI3K inhibitor NVP-BKM120 and the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 in primary MCL cells. We found NVP-BEZ235 to be more powerful than everolimus or NVP-BKM120 in PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling inhibition, indicating that targeting the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway at multiple levels is likely to be a more effective strategy for the treatment of MCL than single inhibition of these kinases. Among the three drugs, NVP-BEZ235 induced the highest change in gene expression profile. Functional validation demonstrated that NVP-BEZ235 inhibited angiogenesis, migration and tumor invasiveness in MCL cells. NVP-BEZ235 was the only drug able to block IL4 and IL6/STAT3 signaling which compromise the therapeutic effect of chemotherapy in MCL. Our findings support the use of the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 as a promising approach to interfere with the microenvironment-related processes in MCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Aminopiridinas/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Everolimo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Interleucina-4/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/metabolismo , Morfolinas/farmacologia , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Transcriptoma , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Oncotarget ; 5(3): 726-39, 2014 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24519895

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is considered one of the most challenging lymphoma, with limited responses to current therapies. Acadesine, a nucleoside analogue has shown antitumoral effects in different preclinical cancer models as well as in a recent phase I/II clinical trial conducted in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Here we observed that acadesine exerted a selective antitumoral activity in the majority of MCL cell lines and primary MCL samples, independently of adverse cytogenetic factors. Moreover, acadesine was highly synergistic, both in vitro and in vivo, with the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab, commonly used in combination therapy for MCL. Gene expression profiling analysis in harvested tumors suggested that acadesine modulates immune response, actin cytoskeleton organization and metal binding, pointing out a substantial impact on metabolic processes by the nucleoside analog. Rituximab also induced changes on metal binding and immune responses.The combination of both drugs enhanced the gene signature corresponding to each single agent, showing an enrichment of genes involved in inflammation, metabolic stress, apoptosis and proliferation. These effects could be important as aberrant apoptotic and proinflammatory pathways play a significant role in the pathogenesis of MCL. In summary, our results suggest that acadesine exerts a cytotoxic effect in MCL in combination with rituximab, by decreasing the proliferative and survival signatures of the disease, thus supporting the clinical examination of this strategy in MCL patients.


Assuntos
Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/análogos & derivados , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/farmacologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Ribonucleosídeos/farmacologia , Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/administração & dosagem , Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/farmacologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/imunologia , Antígenos CD20/imunologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Estudos de Coortes , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Distribuição Aleatória , Ribonucleosídeos/administração & dosagem , Rituximab , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
Haematologica ; 98(11): 1739-47, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23850807

RESUMO

Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase pathway is constitutively activated in chronic lymphocytic leukemia mainly due to microenvironment signals, including stromal cell interaction and CXCR4 and B-cell receptor activation. Because of the importance of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signaling in chronic lymphocytic leukemia, we investigated the activity of the NVP-BKM120, an orally available pan class I phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase inhibitor. Sensitivity to NVP-BKM120 was analyzed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia primary samples in the context of B-cell receptor and microenvironment stimulation. NVP-BKM120 promoted mitochondrial apoptosis in most primary cells independently of common prognostic markers. NVP-BKM120 activity induced the blockage of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signaling, decreased Akt and FoxO3a phosphorylation leading to concomitant Mcl-1 downregulation and Bim induction. Accordingly, selective knockdown of BIM rescued cells from NVP-BKM120-induced apoptosis, while the kinase inhibitor synergistically enhanced the apoptosis induced by the BH3-mimetic ABT-263. We also found NVP-BKM120 to inhibit B-cell receptor- and stroma-dependent Akt pathway activation, thus sensitizing chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells to bendamustine and fludarabine. Furthermore, NVP-BKM120 down-regulated secretion of chemokines after B-cell receptor stimulation and inhibited cell chemotaxis and actin polymerization upon CXCR4 triggering by CXCL12. Our findings establish that NVP-BKM120 effectively inhibits the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signaling pathway and disturbs the protective effect of the tumor microenvironment with the subsequent apoptosis induction through the Akt/FoxO3a/Bim axis. We provide here a strong rationale for undertaking clinical trials of NVP-BKM120 in chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients alone or in combination therapies.


Assuntos
Aminopiridinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/fisiologia , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/fisiologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Membrana/fisiologia , Morfolinas/farmacologia , Proteína Oncogênica v-akt/fisiologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/fisiologia , Microambiente Tumoral/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aminopiridinas/uso terapêutico , Proteína 11 Semelhante a Bcl-2 , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Técnicas de Cocultura , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/fisiologia , Proteína Forkhead Box O3 , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/metabolismo , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morfolinas/uso terapêutico , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Clin Cancer Res ; 19(3): 586-97, 2013 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23231952

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We evaluated the antitumoral properties of the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), an aggressive B lymphoma for which current therapies have shown limited efficacy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Sensitivity to sorafenib was analyzed in MCL cell lines and primary samples in the context of BCR and microenvironment simulation. Sorafenib signaling was characterized by quantitative PCR, Western blotting, immunofluorescence, and protein immunoprecipitation. Migration analysis included flow cytometric counting, actin polymerization assays, and siRNA-mediated knockdown of focal adhesion kinase (FAK). In vivo antitumor effect of sorafenib and bortezomib was analyzed in an MCL xenograft mouse model. RESULTS: Sorafenib rapidly dephosphorylates the BCR-associated kinases, Syk and Lyn, as well as FAK, an Src target involved in focal adhesion. In this line, sorafenib displays strong synergy with the Syk inhibitor, R406. Sorafenib also blocks Mcl-1 and cyclin D1 translation, which promotes an imbalance between pro- and antiapoptotic proteins and facilitates Bax release from cyclin D1, leading to the induction of mitochondrial apoptosis and caspase-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Moreover, sorafenib inhibits MCL cell migration and CXCL12-induced actin polymerization. FAK knockdown partially prevents this inhibitory effect, indicating that FAK is a relevant target of sorafenib. Furthermore, sorafenib enhances the antitumoral activity of bortezomib in an MCL xenograft mouse model as well as overcomes stroma-mediated bortezomib resistance in MCL cells. CONCLUSION: We show for the first time that sorafenib interferes with BCR signaling, protein translation and modulates the microenvironment prosurvival signals in MCL, suggesting that sorafenib, alone or in combination with bortezomib, may represent a promising approach to treat patients with MCL.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/metabolismo , Niacinamida/análogos & derivados , Compostos de Fenilureia/farmacologia , Biossíntese de Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Ciclina D1/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Camundongos , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides , Niacinamida/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Multimerização Proteica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Sorafenibe , Células Estromais , Transplante Heterólogo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA