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1.
Adv Rheumatol ; 59(1): 47, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine the burden of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) on patients' work productivity and health related quality of life (HRQoL), and examine the influence of several exposure variables; to analyze the progression of RA over 1 year and its impact on work productivity and HRQoL. METHODS: International multicenter prospective survey including patients in 18 centers in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico with diagnosis of RA and aged between 21-55 years. The following standard questionnaires were completed at baseline and throughout a 1-year follow-up: WPAI:RA, WALS, WLQ-25, EQ-5D-3 L and SF-36. Clinical and demographic variables were also collected through interview. RESULTS: The study enrolled 290 patients on baseline visit. Overall mean scores at baseline visit were: WPAI:RA (presenteeism) = 29.5% (SD = 28.8%); WPAI:RA (absenteeism) = 9.0% (SD = 23.2%); WPAI:RA (absenteeism and presenteeism) = 8.6% (SD = 22.6%); WALS = 9.0 (SD = 6.1); WLQ-25 = 7.0% (SD = 5.1%); SF-36 Physical Scale = 39.1 (SD = 10.3) and Mental Scale = 45.4 (SD = 11.3); EQ-5D-3 L VAS = 69.8 (SD = 20.4) and EQ-5D-3 L index = 0.67 (SD = 0.23). Higher educational levels were associated with better results in WLQ-25, while previous orthopedic surgeries reduced absenteeism results of WPAI:RA and work limitations in WLQ-25. Higher disease duration was associated with decreased HRQoL. Intensification of disease activity was associated with decreased work productivity and HRQoL, except in WLQ-25. In the longitudinal analysis, worsening in disease activity was associated with a decrease in both work productivity and HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: RA patients are dealing with workplace disabilities and limitations and loss in HRQoL, and multiple factors seems to be associated with this. Worsening of disease activity further decreased work productivity and HRQoL, stressing the importance of disease tight control.

2.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397760

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hypovitaminosis D has been frequently described in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Cytokines are important mediators of tissue damage and clinical dysfunction in SSc and may be influenced by vitamin D levels. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the serum levels of vitamin D and its correlation with the clinical features and cytokine profiles in SSc patients. METHODS: Case-control study, including 50 SSc patients and 35 healthy non matched controls. Serum levels of 25(OH) vitamin D were measured by chemiluminescence assay, and serum concentrations of interleukin 2 (IL-2), IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor, and interferon γ were determined by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Fourteen patients (28%) had diffuse cutaneous SSc, 94% were female, 80% European derived, with a mean age of 57.2 ± 12.8 years. The serum vitamin D levels in SSc patients were 23.9 ± 8.5 ng/mL and 30.2 ± 6.2 ng/mL in the control group (standardized mean difference -6.19; 95% confidence interval, -9.9 to -2.3; p = 0.002), despite the more frequent supplementation of vitamin D in SSc patients (p = 0.014). No significant associations were found among vitamin D concentrations and cytokine levels. Serum levels of IL-6 were significantly elevated in SSc patients (p = 0.024) and were positively correlated with the modified Rodnan skin score (rs = 0.291, p =0.041). CONCLUSIONS: Despite lower vitamin D levels in SSc patients, there was no clear association with any cytokine. Serum levels of IL-6 were significantly elevated and positively correlated with the extent of skin involvement in SSc patients.

3.
J Pharm Pract ; : 897190019869158, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with high frequency of comorbidities and increased risk of polypharmacy. Although there is a great potential for complications, there is a gap in literature on polypharmacy in patients with rheumatic arthritis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and factors associated with polypharmacy in a population in a real-life setting. METHODS: A cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted in Brazil. Patients underwent clinical evaluation and medical records analysis. Polypharmacy was considered as a dependent variable. To test independent variables, we used Poisson regression. RESULTS: We evaluated 792 patients (89% female, median age 56.6 years). Median duration of disease was 12.7 years, 78.73% had a positive rheumatoid factor. The median of disease activity score-28 was 3.5 (disease with mild activity), median of the clinical disease activity index score was 9, and median of health assessment questionnaire-disability index was 0.875; 47% used corticosteroids, 9.1% used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, 90.9% used synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, 35.7% used biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). In total, 537 (67.9%) patients used 5 or more drugs. Polypharmacy showed a relationship with a number of comorbidities and use of specific drugs (corticosteroids, methotrexate, and biological DMARDs). CONCLUSION: We found a high prevalence of polypharmacy (67.9%) in RA. Solutions to management this problem should be stimulated.

4.
Adv Rheumatol ; 59(1): 23, 2019 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of enthesitis is associated with higher disease activity, more disability and incapacity to work and a poorer quality of life in spondyloarthritis (SpA). There is currently no consensus on which clinical score should be used to assess enthesitis in SpA. The objective of the present work was to compare the correlation of three enthesitis indices (MASES, SPARCC and LEI) with measures of disease activity and function in a heterogeneous population of patients with axial and peripheral SpA. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three Brazilian public university hospitals; patients fulfilling ASAS classification criteria for peripheral or axial SpA were recruited and measures of disease activity and function were collected and correlated to three enthesitis indices: MASES, SPARCC and LEI using Spearman's Correlation index. ROC curves were used to determine if the the enthesitis indices were useful to discriminate patients with active disease from those with inactive disease. RESULTS: Two hundred four patients were included, 71.1% (N = 145) fulfilled ASAS criteria for axial SpA and 28.9% (N = 59) for peripheral SpA. In axial SpA, MASES performed better than LEI (p = 0.018) and equal to SPARCC (p = 0.212) regarding correlation with disease activity (BASDAI) and function (BASFI). In peripheral SpA, only MASES had a weak but statistical significant correlation with DAS28-ESR (rs 0.310 p = 0.05) and MASES had better correlation with functional measures (HAQ) than SPARCC (p = 0.034). CONCLUSION: In this sample composed of SpA patients with high coexistence of axial and peripheral features, MASES showed statistical significant correlation with measures of disease activity and function in both axial and peripheral SpA.

6.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0213219, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30822348

RESUMO

The treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has evolved rapidly in recent years. Nonetheless, conventional synthetic disease-modifying drugs (csDMARDs) remain the gold standard for RA treatment. The treatment for RA is expensive and this has a negative impact on public health. Given the low cost of csDMARDs compared to those of other treatment strategies, it is important to manage this type of treatment properly. Information on the duration of use of each drug and the reasons for their discontinuation is relevant to medical practitioners as it could improve the information available regarding side effects and their proper management. Moreover, data from clinical practice in the population can provide health care managers with information for resource allocation and optimization of csDMARD use with a consequent cost reduction in the treatment of RA. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to describe the use of csDMARDs in public health services in Brazil, emphasizing on the duration of use and reasons for discontinuation of each drug. This study is a part of the REAL, a multicenter project that evaluated Brazilian patients with RA from eleven rheumatology services from August to October 2015. Patients were examined clinically, and an analysis of complementary exams and medical records was performed. A total of 1125 patients were included. 98.5% were women with a median age of 55.6 years. 36% and 90.84% patients were using biological disease-modifying drugs (bDMARDs) and csDMARDs, respectively. The duration of use and doses of each medication and the causes of suspension were analyzed. Most of the patients analyzed in this study were using csDMARDs for prolonged periods and methotrexate showed the longest duration of use. Interruption indexes due to ineffectiveness and side effects were analyzed. The knowledge of common adverse effects may alert attending physicians to the proper management of effective and low-cost therapeutic groups.

7.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(6): 1056-1064, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30649524

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This post hoc analysis of the TOZURA study programme evaluated the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous tocilizumab (TCZ-SC) as monotherapy or with concomitant conventional synthetic DMARDs (csDMARDs) in patients with RA categorized by baseline glucocorticoid (GC) use. METHODS: TOZURA was a multinational, open-label, single-arm, common-framework study programme (11 protocols, 22 countries) in patients with moderate to severe RA in whom csDMARDs or biologic therapies had failed or who were MTX naïve. Patients received once-weekly TCZ-SC 162 mg for ⩾24 weeks as monotherapy or in combination with csDMARDs and/or oral GC use (⩽10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent), which was to be continued unchanged for 24 weeks. Treatment subgroups were defined by baseline GC use and analysed for efficacy and safety. RESULTS: Of 1804 patients who received TCZ-SC, 145 received monotherapy + GC, 208 received monotherapy without GC, 730 received combination therapy + GC and 721 received combination therapy without GC. The median GC dose in both GC subgroups was 5 mg/day. The proportion of patients who achieved clinical remission, defined as DAS in 28 joints using ESR <2.6, increased similarly from baseline to week 24 in all subgroups. Improvements in patient-reported outcomes were similar in all subgroups. Overall adverse event profiles were generally similar between subgroups, with some slight numerical differences between GC and non-GC subgroups. CONCLUSION: The incremental efficacy benefits of TCZ-SC as monotherapy and in combination with csDMARDs were similar between patients with and without previous and continued oral GC treatment, with generally similar safety profiles. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, http://www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT01941940, NCT01941095, NCT01951170, NCT01987479, NCT01988012, NCT01995201, NCT02001987, NCT02011334, NCT02031471, NCT02046603, NCT02046616.

8.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30511296

RESUMO

The treat-to-target strategy (T2T) was associated with better outcomes in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) compared to standard care in clinical trials. This study aimed to analyze factors precluding treatment optimization in a T2T strategy conducted in a real-world cohort of PsA patients. A retrospective cross-sectional study nested in a cohort was conducted. Medical records of patients ≥ 18 years old, fulfilling CASPAR criteria and with at least one visit in the PsA clinic, were reviewed. Demographic data, current medication, and minimal disease activity (MDA) criteria were recorded. Reasons for the non-escalation of therapy in patients who were not classified as MDA were reported as absolute and relative frequencies. In the 8-month period, 131 visits (corresponding to 74 patients) were conducted. The MDA criteria were available in 113 visits (86.3%) and patients were classified as MDA in 31.0% of the visits (N = 35/113). Although in 69.0% of the visits patients were not in MDA, (N = 78/113), therapy was adjusted in only 42.3% (N = 33/78). Reasons precluding treatment escalation in non-MDA subjects were physician's impression of remission (57.7%, N = 26), non-adherence to previous prescription (17.8%, N = 8), restricted access to drugs (17.8%, N = 8), adverse events (11.1%, N = 5), poor understanding of medication instructions (6.7%, N = 3), patient's refusal to escalate therapy (4.4%, N = 2), and recent change in therapy (2.2%, N = 1). Discordance between the physician's clinical evaluation and the MDA criteria, non-adherence to prescription, and poor access to drugs were the main factors precluding escalation of therapy in a T2T strategy in a real-world PsA cohort.

9.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 2018 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30339783

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate height, sexual maturation, and the difference between final and expected height in girls with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and no glucocorticoid treatment for at least six months, as compared to a group of healthy girls. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 44 girls with juvenile idiopathic arthritis, diagnosed according to the International League of Associations for Rheumatology criteria, and 59 healthy controls aged between 8 and 18 (incomplete) years with no comorbid chronic diseases. Demographic data were collected from all participants, and disease and treatment variables were compiled for the patient group. Anthropometric measurements were converted into Z-scores based on World Health Organization standards. Sexual maturation was classified according to Tanner stages. RESULTS: Body mass index and height Z-scores were lower in girls with juvenile idiopathic arthritis as compared to control participants. These values differed significantly in Tanner stage II. Three (6.8%) girls with juvenile idiopathic arthritis had height-for-age Z-scores <-2 (short stature). Girls with polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis and higher cumulative glucocorticoid doses were significantly more likely to present with short stature. The percentage of prepubertal girls in the juvenile idiopathic arthritis group was significantly higher than that observed in the control group, (p=0.012). Age of menarche, adult height, and the difference between actual and expected height did not differ between groups. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that even six months after the suspension of glucocorticoid treatment, children with polyarticular/systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis subtypes are still susceptible to low height and delayed puberty.

10.
Pharm Res ; 35(11): 221, 2018 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30259180

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study demonstrates the nasal administration (NA) of nanoemulsions complexed with the plasmid encoding for IDUA protein (pIDUA) as an attempt to reach the brain aiming at MPS I gene therapy. METHODS: Formulations composed of DOPE, DOTAP, MCT (NE), and DSPE-PEG (NE-PEG) were prepared by high-pressure homogenization, and assessed in vitro on human fibroblasts from MPS I patients and in vivo on MPS I mice for IDUA production and gene expression. RESULTS: The physicochemical results showed that the presence of DSPE-PEG in the formulations led to smaller and more stable droplets even when submitted to dilution in simulated nasal medium (SNM). In vitro assays showed that pIDUA/NE-PEG complexes were internalized by cells, and led to a 5% significant increase in IDUA activity, besides promoting a two-fold increase in IDUA expression. The NA of pIDUA/NE-PEG complexes to MPS I mice demonstrated the ability to reach the brain, promoting increased IDUA activity and expression in this tissue, as well as in kidney and spleen tissues after treatment. An increase in serum IL-6 was observed after treatment, although with no signs of tissue inflammatory infiltrate according to histopathology and CD68 assessments. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrated that pIDUA/NE-PEG complexes could efficiently increase IDUA activity in vitro and in vivo after NA, and represent a potential treatment for the neurological impairment present in MPS I patients.

11.
Rev. argent. reumatol ; 29(3): 6-10, set. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-977290

RESUMO

Objetivos: Estimar el efecto de los antimaláricos (AM) sobre los diferentes dominios del índice de daño SLICC (SDI). Métodos: Se estudiaron pacientes con diagnóstico clínico reciente (≤2 años) de lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) de la cohorte GLADEL. Variable de estudio: aumento en los dominios del SDI desde el ingreso a la cohorte. Variables independientes: características sociodemográficas, clínicas, laboratorio y tratamientos. El efecto de los AM, como variable dependiente del tiempo, sobre los dominios más frecuentes del SDI (ajustado por factores de confusión) fue examinado con un modelo de regresión de Cox multivariado. Resultados: De 1466 pacientes estudiados, 1049 (72%) recibieron AM con un tiempo medio de exposición de 30 meses (Q1-Q3: 11-57) y 665 pacientes (45%) presentaron daño durante un seguimiento medio de 24 meses (Q1-Q3: 8-55); 301 eventos fueron cutáneos, 208 renales, 149 neuropsiquiátricos, 98 musculoesqueléticos, 88 cardiovasculares y 230 otros. Después de ajustar por factores de confusión, el uso de AM se asoció a un menor riesgo de daño renal (HR 0,652; IC 95%: 0,472-0,901) y en el límite de la significancia estadística (HR 0,701, IC 95%: 0,481-1,024) para el dominio neuropsiquiátrico. Conclusión: En GLADEL, el uso de AM se asoció independientemente a un menor riesgo de daño acumulado renal.


Objective: To assess the effects of antimalarials (AM) over the items of the SLICC Damage Index (SDI). Methods: Patients with recent (≤2 years) diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) from the GLADEL cohort were studied. End-point: increase in items SDI since cohort entry. Independent variables (socio-demographic, clinical, laboratory and treatment) were included. The effect of AM as a time dependent variable on most frequent SDI items (adjusting for potential confounders) was examined with a multivariable Cox regression model. Results: Of the 1466 patients included in this analysis, 1049 (72%) received AM with a median exposure time of 30 months (Q1-Q3: 11-57). Damage occurred in 665 (45%) patients during a median follow-up time of 24 months (Q1-Q3: 8-55). There were 301 integument, 208 renal, 149 neuropsychiatric, 98 musculoskeletal, 88 cardiovascular and 230 others less frequently represented damages. After adjusting for potential confounders at any time during follow-up, a lower risk of renal damage (HR 0.652; 95% CI: 0.472-0.901) and borderline for neuropsychiatric damage (HR 0.701, 95% CI: 0.481-1.024) was found. Conclusion: In the GLADEL cohort, after adjustment for possible confounding factors, AM were independently associated with a reduced risk of renal damage accrual.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Antimaláricos
12.
J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle ; 9(5): 816-825, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30133186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low muscle mass occurs in patients with rheumatoid arthritis without weight loss; this condition is referred as rheumatoid cachexia. The aim of the current study was to perform a systematic review with meta-analysis to determine the rheumatoid cachexia prevalence. METHODS: A systematic review with meta-analysis of observational studies published in English, between 1994 and 2016, was conducted using MEDLINE (via PubMed) and other relevant sources. Search strategies were based on pre-defined keywords and medical subject headings. The methodological quality of included studies was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Meta-analysis was used to estimate the prevalence, and because studies reported different methods and criteria to estimate body composition and prevalence of rheumatoid cachexia, subgroup analyses were performed. Meta-regression adjusted for the 28-joint disease activity score and disease duration (years) was performed (significance level at P ≤ 0.05). RESULTS: Of 136 full articles (one duplicate publication) screened for inclusion in the study, eight were included. The estimated overall prevalence of rheumatoid cachexia was 19% [95% confidence interval (CI) 07-33%]. This prevalence was 29% (95% CI 15-46%) when body composition was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. When the diagnostic criteria were fat-free mass index below the 10th percentile and fat mass index above the 25th percentile, rheumatoid cachexia prevalence was 32% (95% CI 14-52%). The 28-joint disease activity score and disease duration had no influence on the estimated prevalence of rheumatoid cachexia (P > 0.05). Most studies were rated as having moderate methodological quality. CONCLUSIONS: Meta-analysis showed a prevalence of rheumatoid cachexia of 15-32%, according to different criteria, demonstrating that this condition is a frequent comorbidity of rheumatoid arthritis. To better understand its clinical impact, more studies using standardized definitions and prospective evaluations are urgently needed.

13.
Int J Pharm ; 548(1): 151-158, 2018 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29940298

RESUMO

Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is caused by the lysosomal accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) due to the deficiency of the enzyme alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA). Currently available treatments may improve several clinical manifestations, but they have limited effects on joint disease, resulting in persistent orthopedic complications and impaired mobility. Thus, this study aimed to perform an intra-articular administration of cationic nanoemulsions complexed with the plasmid encoding for the IDUA protein (pIDUA) targeting MPS I gene therapy for the synovial joints. Formulations composed of DOPE, DOTAP, MCT (NE), and DSPE-PEG (NE-PEG) were prepared by high-pressure homogenization, and the pIDUA plasmid was associated by adsorption onto the surface of nanoemulsions (pIDUA/NE or pIDUA/NE-PEG). The physicochemical characterization showed that the presence of DSPE-PEG in pIDUA/NE-PEG formulations led to small and highly stable droplets even when incubated with simulated synovial fluid (SSF), when compared to the non-pegylated complexes (pIDUA/NE). Uptake by fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) was demonstrated, and high cell viability (70%) in addition with increased IDUA activity (2.5% of normal) were observed after incubation with pIDUA/NE-PEG. The intra-articular injection of pIDUA/NE-PEG complexes in MPS I mice showed that the complexes were localized in the joints, were able to transfect synovial cells, and thus promoted an increase in IDUA activity and expression in the synovial fluid, with no significant activity in other tissues (kidney, liver, lung, and spleen). The overall results demonstrated a contained, safe, tolerable, and effective in situ approach of nonviral intra-articular gene therapy targeting the reduction or prevention of the debilitating orthopedic complications of MPS I disorder.


Assuntos
Terapia Genética/métodos , Iduronidase/genética , Mucopolissacaridose I/terapia , Animais , DNA Complementar/genética , Emulsões , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Plasmídeos , Líquido Sinovial/metabolismo
14.
PLoS One ; 13(4): e0196682, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29709011

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the molecular pathways involved in muscle wasting in an animal model of osteoarthritis (OA) induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) in rats. Reduction of protein syntheses, increased proteolysis and impaired muscle regeneration are important pathways related to muscle wasting, and myogenin, MyoD, myostatin and MuRF-1 are some of their markers. Female Wistar rats were allocated into two groups: OA (submitted to the ACLT) and SHAM (submitted to surgery without ACLT). Nociception, spontaneous exploratory locomotion and body weight of animals were evaluated weekly. Twelve weeks after the disease induction, animals were euthanized, and the right knee joints were collected. Gastrocnemius muscle of the right hind paw were dissected and weighed. Gastrocnemius was used for evaluation of muscle atrophy and expression of IL-1ß, TNF-α, Pax7, myogenin, MyoD, myostatin and MuRF-1. Histopathology of the knee confirmed the development of the disease in animals of OA group. Gastrocnemius of OA animals showed a reduction of about 10% in area and an increased IL-1ß expression compared to animals of SHAM group. Expression of myostatin was increased in OA group, while myogenin expression was decreased. TNF-α, Pax7, MuRF-1 and MyoD expression was similar in both OA and SHAM groups. Nociception was significantly elevated in OA animals in the last two weeks of experimental period. Spontaneous exploratory locomotion, body weight and weight of gastrocnemius showed no difference between OA and SHAM groups. Gastrocnemius atrophy in OA induced by ACLT involves elevated expression of IL-1ß within the muscle, as well as increased expression of myostatin and decreased expression of myogenin. Therefore, muscle wasting may be linked to impaired muscle regeneration.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Atrofia Muscular/patologia , Osteoartrite/complicações , Animais , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Peso Corporal , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Imuno-Histoquímica , Inflamação , Nociceptividade , Osteoartrite/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Regeneração
16.
J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle ; 9(3): 603-612, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29575818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by chronic polyarticular synovitis and presents systemic changes that impact quality of life, such as impaired muscle function, seen in up to 66% of the patients. This can progress to severely debilitating state known as rheumatoid cachexia-without loss of fat mass and body weight-for which there is little consensus in terms of diagnosis or treatment. This study aims to evaluate whether the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) animal model also develops clinical and functional features characteristic of rheumatoid cachexia. METHODS: Male DBA1/J mice were randomly divided into 2 groups: healthy animals (CO, n = 11) and CIA animals (n = 13). The clinical score and edema size, animal weight and food intake, free exploratory locomotion, grip strength, and endurance exercise performance were tested 0, 18, 35, 45, 55, and 65 days after disease induction. After euthanasia, several organs, visceral and brown fat, and muscles were dissected and weighed. Muscles were used to assess myofiber diameter. Ankle joint was used to assess arthritis severity by histological score. Statistical analysis were performed using one-way and two-way analyses of variance followed by Tukey's and Bonferroni's test or t-test of Pearson and statistical difference were assumed for a P value under 0.05. RESULTS: The CIA had significantly higher arthritis scores and larger hind paw edema volumes than CO. The CIA had decreased endurance exercise performance total time (fatigue; 23, 22, 24, and 21% at 35, 45, 55, and 65 days, respectively), grip strength (27, 55, 63, 60, and 66% at 25, 35, 45, 55, and 65 days, respectively), free locomotion (43, 57, 59, and 66% at 35, 45, 55, and 65 days, respectively), and tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius muscle weight (25 and 24%, respectively) compared with CO. Sarcoplasmic ratios were also reduced in CIA (TA: 23 and GA: 22% less sarcoplasmic ratio), confirming the atrophy of skeletal muscle mass in these animals than in CO. Myofiber diameter was also reduced 45% in TA and 41% in GA in CIA when compared with the CO. Visceral and brown fat were lighter in CIA (54 and 39%, respectively) than CO group. CONCLUSIONS: The CIA model is a valid experimental model for rheumatoid cachexia given that the clinical changes observed were similar to those described in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

17.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(3): 499-507, 2018 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29244149

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of this pooled analysis of the TOZURA study programme was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous tocilizumab (TCZ-SC) as monotherapy or in combination with conventional synthetic DMARDs (csDMARDs) in patients with moderate to severe RA who had an inadequate response to csDMARD or anti-TNF agent therapy or who were MTX naïve. Methods: TOZURA is a multinational, open-label, single-arm, common-framework, phase 4 study programme (11 protocols, 22 countries). Patients received TCZ-SC 162 mg each week for ⩾24 weeks, administered at the investigator's discretion, as monotherapy or in combination with a csDMARD. Efficacy, safety and immunogenicity were evaluated; propensity score-based matching was used for between-group comparisons. Results: Of 1804 patients, 353 (19.6%) received monotherapy and 1451 (80.4%) received combination therapy. The 28-joint DAS using ESR (DAS28-ESR) in both groups decreased significantly from baseline to week 24 (mean change: monotherapy -3.40, combination therapy -3.46), with no significant difference between groups (P = 0.46). The proportion of patients who achieved DAS28-ESR or Clinical Disease Activity Index remission or ACR 20/50/70/90 responses was similar between groups. Overall, 13.9% of patients withdrew-6.2% for safety reasons and 1.6% for insufficient therapeutic response; 5.8% of patients experienced one or more serious adverse events [14.6/100 patient-years (PY)]; six deaths occurred (0.64/100 PY). Conclusion: In a common framework of 11 studies in 22 countries, this phase 4 study programme confirmed TCZ-SC's known efficacy and safety profile with comparable effects as monotherapy and in combination with csDMARDs. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov (http://www.clinicaltrials.gov) NCT01941940, NCT01941095, NCT01951170, NCT01987479, NCT01988012, NCT01995201, NCT02001987, NCT02011334, NCT02031471, NCT02046603 and NCT02046616.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Cooperação Internacional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 24(4): 177-182, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29232322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biologic agents may induce immune responses that could impact drug action. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess antidrug antibodies (ADAs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from Argentina treated with etanercept, adalimumab, or infliximab at a single visit and correlate it with efficacy outcomes. METHODS: In this subset analysis of a noninterventional, multinational, cross-sectional study (NCT01981473), adult patients with RA treated continuously for 6 to 24 months with etanercept, adalimumab, or infliximab were evaluated for ADAs and trough drug concentrations of 2 days or less prior to the next scheduled dose. Efficacy measurements included Disease Activity Score based on a 28-joint count-erythrocyte sedimentation rate, low disease activity, and Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index. Targeted medical history of injection site/infusion reactions, serum sickness, and thromboembolic events were reported. RESULTS: Baseline demographics, disease characteristics, and duration of treatment of the 119 patients (etanercept: n = 54, adalimumab: n = 52, infliximab: n = 13) were similar across all groups. No etanercept-treated patient tested positive for ADAs compared with 19 (36.5%) of 52 patients and 4 (30.8%) of 13 patients treated with adalimumab and infliximab, respectively. In adalimumab- and infliximab-treated patients, ADA presence correlated negatively with trough drug levels. A greater proportion of ADA-negative patients achieved Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index of 0.5 or less and had better composite efficacy measures compared with ADA-positive patients. The rate of targeted medical events reported was low. CONCLUSIONS: In this subset analysis, RA patients from Argentina treated with adalimumab or infliximab, but not etanercept, tested positive for ADAs. Antidrug antibody-negative patients showed a tendency toward better clinical outcomes compared with ADA-positive patients.

19.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(3): 415-423, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29181622

RESUMO

To assess electromyographic parameters of neuromuscular fatigue in knee extensors and their association with clinical, functional and emotional features in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Thirty-eight female patients with RA participated. Electromyography parameters (changes in signal amplitude, represented by the root mean square, and frequency content, represented by median frequency-MDF) were assessed during a submaximal (60%) isometric contraction of the knee extensors, sustained for 60 s. Clinical characteristics; the 28-joint Disease Activity Score (DAS-28) in which includes count of swollen joints (out of the 28) and tender joints (out of the 28), the erythrocyte sedimentation rate and global disease activity measured on a visual analogue scale; serum C reactive protein (CRP); information on treatment; the Health Assessment Questionnaire; the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy fatigue scale (FACIT-F); the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), were also assessed. The mean patient age was 51.0 ± 8.2 years, mean disease activity score was 11.5 ± 7.1, and mean CRP level was 8.0 ± 7.8 mg/dL. There was a moderate correlation between MDF and age (r = 0.5), as well as weak correlations of MDF with FACIT-F (r = 0.3), physical functioning (r = - 0.3) and vitality domains (r = - 0.3) of the SF-36, and IPAQ (r = - 0.3) (p ≤ 0.05 for all). No association was observed between electromyography measurements and clinical or treatment features. The electromyographic parameter MDF was correlated with perception of fatigue, age, physical functioning and vitality domains of SF-36, and physical activity level in this sample. These results indicate that primary muscle factors should also be considered when managing perceived fatigue in patients with RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Eletromiografia , Contração Isométrica , Fadiga Muscular , Percepção , Músculo Quadríceps/fisiopatologia , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Artrite Reumatoide/psicologia , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Autorrelato , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
Clin Rheumatol ; 37(2): 475-481, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29018976

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to test the association of the severity of nailfold capillaroscopy (NFC) abnormalities with mortality in systemic sclerosis (SSc). One hundred and seventy SSc patients underwent an extensive evaluation (including high-resolution computed tomography, pulmonary function tests, and Doppler echocardiography) at baseline following a standard protocol. Capillary loss on NFC was evaluated using the avascular score (AS, ranging from 0 to 3), and the mean number of ectasias, megacapillaries, and hemorrhages per finger was also recorded. After a mean period of 10.1 ± 4.9 years, the life status of the patients was ascertained. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used for statistical analysis. Overall, 73 patients died. By univariate Cox analysis, the AS was significantly associated with mortality (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.64, 95% CI 1.22 to 2.19, p = 0.001). In our study, this association was stronger than that of race, gender, anticentromere antibodies, anti-topoisomerase I antibodies, and form of disease and had similar strength to that of skin score in univariate analyses. However, after controlling for a combination of variables (age, skin score, gender, race, signs of peripheral ischemia, and extent of interstitial lung disease, all independently associated with mortality), the association of AS with mortality was blunted (HR = 1.15, 95% CI 0.80 to 1.65, p = 0.445). Other NFC variables were not related to mortality. AS was associated with higher risk of death and, despite not having an independent association with mortality after controlling for a set of demographic and clinical variables, may be a useful tool in prognostic evaluation of SSc.


Assuntos
Capilares/diagnóstico por imagem , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Unhas/irrigação sanguínea , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida
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