Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 94
Filtrar
1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 115(2): 207-216, 2020 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acquired form of cardiomyopathy. National Brazilian data on this condition are scarce. The Takotsubo Multicenter Registry (REMUTA) is the first to include multicenter data on this condition in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics, prognosis, in-hospital treatment, in-hospital mortality, and mortality during 1 year of follow-up. METHODS: This is an observational, retrospective registry study including patients admitted to the hospital with diagnosis of TTS and patients admitted for other reasons who developed this condition. Evaluated outcomes included triggering factor, analysis of exams, use of medications, complications, in-hospital mortality, and mortality during 1 year of follow-up. A significance level of 5% was adopted. RESULTS: The registry included 169 patients from 12 centers in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Mean age was 70.9 ± 14.1 years, and 90.5% of patients were female; 63% of cases were primary TTS, and 37% were secondary. Troponin I was positive in 92.5% of patients, and median BNP was 395 (176.5; 1725). ST-segment elevation was present in 28% of patients. Median left ventricular ejection fraction was 40 (35; 48)%. We observed invasive mechanical ventilation in 25.7% of cases and shock in 17.4%. Mechanical circulatory support was used in 7.7%. In-hospital mortality was 10.6%, and mortality at 1 year of follow-up was 16.5%. Secondary TTS and cardiogenic shock were independent predictors of mortality. CONCLUSION: The results of the REMUTA show that TTS is not a benign pathology, as was once thought, especially regarding the secondary TTS group, which has a high rate of complications and mortality. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(2):207-216).

2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(2): 207-216, ago., 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1131291

RESUMO

Resumo Fundamento A síndrome de takotsubo (takotsubo) é uma forma de cardiomiopatia adquirida. Dados nacionais sobre essa condição são escassos. O Registro REMUTA é o primeiro a incluir dados multicêntricos dessa condição no nosso país. Objetivo Descrever as características clínicas, prognóstico, tratamento intra-hospitalar e mortalidade hospitalar e em 1 ano de seguimento. Métodos Estudo observacional, retrospectivo, tipo registro. Incluídos pacientes internados com diagnóstico de takotsubo ou que desenvolveram esta condição durante internação por outra causa. Os desfechos avaliados incluíram fator desencadeador, análise dos exames, uso de medicações, complicações e óbito intra-hospitalar e em 1 ano de seguimento. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados Foram incluídos 169 pacientes, em 12 centros no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. A idade média foi de 70,9 ± 14,1 anos e 90,5% eram do sexo feminino; 63% dos casos foram de takotsubo primário e 37% secundário. Troponina I foi positiva em 92,5% dos pacientes e a mediana de BNP foi de 395 (176,5; 1725). Supradesnivelamento do segmento ST esteve presente em 28% dos pacientes. A fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo teve mediana de 40 (35; 48)%. Observamos taxa de 25,7% de ventilação mecânica invasiva e 17,4% de choque. Suporte circulatório mecânico foi utilizado em 7,7%. A mortalidade intra-hospitalar foi de 10,6% e a mortalidade ao final de 1 ano foi de 16,5%. Takotsubo secundário e choque cardiogênico foram preditores independentes de mortalidade. Conclusão Os resultados do REMUTA mostram que takotsubo não se trata de patologia benigna como se pensava, especialmente no grupo de takotsubo secundário que acarreta elevada taxa de complicações e de mortalidade. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(2):207-216)


Abstract Background Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acquired form of cardiomyopathy. National Brazilian data on this condition are scarce. The Takotsubo Multicenter Registry (REMUTA) is the first to include multicenter data on this condition in Brazil. Objective To describe the clinical characteristics, prognosis, in-hospital treatment, in-hospital mortality, and mortality during 1 year of follow-up. Methods This is an observational, retrospective registry study including patients admitted to the hospital with diagnosis of TTS and patients admitted for other reasons who developed this condition. Evaluated outcomes included triggering factor, analysis of exams, use of medications, complications, in-hospital mortality, and mortality during 1 year of follow-up. A significance level of 5% was adopted. Results The registry included 169 patients from 12 centers in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Mean age was 70.9 ± 14.1 years, and 90.5% of patients were female; 63% of cases were primary TTS, and 37% were secondary. Troponin I was positive in 92.5% of patients, and median BNP was 395 (176.5; 1725). ST-segment elevation was present in 28% of patients. Median left ventricular ejection fraction was 40 (35; 48)%. We observed invasive mechanical ventilation in 25.7% of cases and shock in 17.4%. Mechanical circulatory support was used in 7.7%. In-hospital mortality was 10.6%, and mortality at 1 year of follow-up was 16.5%. Secondary TTS and cardiogenic shock were independent predictors of mortality. Conclusion The results of the REMUTA show that TTS is not a benign pathology, as was once thought, especially regarding the secondary TTS group, which has a high rate of complications and mortality. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(2):207-216)

3.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200056, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32556037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) is indicator of high morbidity in Chagas' disease. A cross-sectional study performed identified LVA in 18.8% of the chronic chagasic patients (CCP). OBJECTIVE: Determine the risk of death of patients with chronic chagasic cardiopathy (CCC) and LVA in 24-year interval. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 1995 a cohort of 298 CCP was evaluated by anamnesis, physical examination, EKG and ECHO and classified in groups: G0 = 86 without cardiopathy; G1 = 156 with cardiopathy without LVA and G2 = 56 with cardiopathy and LVA. 38 patients of G0 and G1 used benznidazole. Information about the deaths was obtained in the notary, death certificates, hospital records and family members. FINDINGS: Were registered 113 deaths (37.9%): 107 (35.9%) attributed to cardiopathy and 6 (2.0%) to other causes (p < 0.05). Amongst these 107 deaths, 10 (11.6%) occurred in G0; 49 (31.4%) occurred in G1 and 48 (85.7%) occurred in G2 (p < 0.05). The risk of death was 2.7 and 7.4 times significantly higher in G2, than in G1 and G0, respectively. CONCLUSION: Chronic chagasic patients with LVA and ejection fraction < 45% have a higher risk of death than those without.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/mortalidade , Aneurisma Cardíaco/mortalidade , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/complicações , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Aneurisma Cardíaco/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
4.
Trop Med Infect Dis ; 5(2)2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32408570

RESUMO

Most patients with chronic Chagas disease (CD) present the indeterminate form and are at risk to develop the cardiac form. However, the actual rate of progression to the cardiac form is still unknown. METHODS: In total, 550 patients with the indeterminate CD form were followed by means of annual electrocardiogram at our outpatient clinic. The studied endpoint was progression to cardiac form defined by the appearance of electrocardiographic changes typical of CD. The progression rate was calculated as the cumulative progression rate and the incidence progression rate per 100 patient years. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients progressed to the CD cardiac form within a mean of 73 ± 4 8 months of follow-up, which resulted in a 6.9% cumulative progression rate and incidence rate of 1.48 cases/100 patient years. Patients who progressed were older (mean age 47.8 ± 12.2 years), had a higher prevalence of associated heart diseases (p < 0.0001), positive xenodiagnosis (p = 0.007), and were born in the most endemic Brazilian states (p = 0.018). Previous co-morbidities remained the only variable associated with CD progression after multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: The progression rate to chronic CD cardiac form is low and inferior to rates previously reported in other studies.

5.
Trop Med Infect Dis ; 5(2)2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32466425

RESUMO

Chagas disease is an important infection in Latin America but it is also reported in non-endemic countries all over the world. Around 30% of infected patients develop chronic Chagas cardiopathy, which is responsible for most poor outcomes, mainly heart failure, arrhythmias and thromboembolic events. Of all thromboembolic events, stroke is the most feared, due to the high probability of evolution to death or disability. Despite its importance, the actual incidence of cardioembolic ischemic stroke in Chagas disease is not completely known. The Instituto de Pesquisa Evandro Chagas/Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (IPEC-FIOCRUZ) score aims to propose prophylaxis strategies against cardioembolic ischemic stroke in Chagas disease based on clinical risk-benefit. To date, the IPEC-FIOCRUZ score is considered the best tool to identify patients for stroke prophylaxis in Chagas disease according the Latin American guideline and Brazilian consensus. It can prevent many cardioembolic strokes that would not be predicted, by applying the current recommendations to other cardiopathies. However, the IPEC-FIOCRUZ score still requires external validation to be used in different Chagas disease populations with an appropriate study design.

6.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(9): 1413-1420, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171439

RESUMO

Chagas heart disease (HD) is a chronic fibrosing myocarditis with high mortality. The PEACH study aimed to evaluate if exercise training can improve the functional capacity of Chagas HD patients with left ventricular dysfunction and/or heart failure. The PEACH study was a single center, parallel-group, clinical trial that randomized 30 clinical stable Chagas HD patients with left ventricular ejection fraction <45% or heart failure symptoms to either supervised exercise training 3 times/week for 6 months or a control group. Both groups had the same monthly pharmaceutical and nutritional counseling and usual care. Primary end point was functional capacity assessed by peak exercise oxygen consumption (peak VO2) obtained by cardiopulmonary exercise test. Secondary end points included other cardiopulmonary exercise test variables, cardiac function by echocardiography, body composition, muscle respiratory strength, and metabolic biomarkers. Peak VO2 increased among patients in exercise group from 17.60 ± 4.65 mlO2 kg-1 min-1 to 19.40 ± 5.51 mlO2 kg-1 min-1 while decreased in controls from 15.40 ± 6.30 mlO2 kg-1 min-1 to 12.96 ± 4.50 mlO2 kg-1 min-1, resulting in significant difference in change in peak VO2 between groups after 6 months (ß = +4.6, p = 0.004). There were significant differences between groups in changes in anaerobic threshold (ß = 3.7, p = 0.05), peak oxygen pulse (ß = +2.7, p = 0.032) and maximum minute ventilation (ß = +13.9, p < 0.0001) after 6 months of intervention. In conclusion, exercise training improved functional capacity of chronic Chagas HD patients with left ventricular dysfunction and/or heart failure.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/terapia , Exercício Físico , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
7.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 102(4): 797-799, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043461

RESUMO

Chronic Chagas heart disease has different clinical manifestations including arrhythmias, heart failure, and stroke. Chest pain is one of the most common symptoms and when associated with changes in the electrocardiogram, such as T-wave changes, electrically inactive areas, and segmental wall motion abnormalities, may lead to a misdiagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Here, we describe two patients with Chagas heart disease and syncope due to sustained ventricular tachycardia who were misdiagnosed with ACS, and discuss the role of novel imaging modalities in the differential diagnosis and risk stratification.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/complicações , Idoso , Amiodarona/administração & dosagem , Amiodarona/uso terapêutico , Antiarrítmicos/administração & dosagem , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(1): 25-32, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055089

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Heart failure (HF) is a multifactorial syndrome with repercussions on quality of life (QoL). Objectives: To investigate the main interacting factors responsible to worsen quality of life of outpatients with HF. Methods: Cross-sectional observational study with 99 patients of both genders, attending a HF outpatient clinic at a university hospital, all with a reduced ejection fraction (<40%) by echocardiography. They were evaluated using sociodemographic and clinical questionnaires, the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure (MLwHF), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS). QoL was the outcome variable. Two multivariate models were used: the parametric beta regression analysis, and the non-parametric regression tree, considering p < 0.05 and 0.05 < p < 0.10 for statistical and clinical significance, respectively. Results: Beta regression showed that depression and anxiety symptoms worsened the QoL of HF patients, as well as male sex, age younger than 60 years old, lower education level, lower monthly family income, recurrent hospitalizations and comorbidities such as ischemic heart diseases and arterial hypertension. The regression tree confirmed that NYHA functional class III and IV worsen all dimensions of MLwHF by interacting with anxiety symptoms, which influenced directly or indirectly the presence of poorer total score and emotional dimension of MLwHF. Previous hospitalization in the emotional dimension and age younger than 60 years in general dimension were associated with anxiety and NYHA functional class, also worsening the QoL of HF patients. Conclusion: HF with reduced ejection fraction was associated with poorer MLwHF. Anxiety symptoms, previous hospitalization and younger age were also associated with worsened MLwHF. Knowledge of these risk factors can therefore guide assessment and treatment of HF patients.


Resumo Fundamento: A insuficiência cardíaca (IC) é uma síndrome multifatorial com repercussões sobre a qualidade de vida (QV). Objetivo: Investigar os principais fatores que interagem e pioram a qualidade de vida de pacientes ambulatoriais com IC. Métodos: Estudo transversal observacional com 99 pacientes, de ambos os sexos, atendidos no ambulatório de IC de um hospital universitário, todos com uma fração de ejeção reduzida (<40%) pela ecocardiografia. Os participantes foram avaliados usando-se um questionário sociodemográfico, um questionário clínico, o Minnesota Living with Heart Failure (MLwHF), e Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS). QV foi a variável de desfecho. Foram usados dois modelos de análise multivariada, a regressão beta (paramétrica) e a árvore de regressão (não paramétrica), considerando um p < 0,05 e 0,05 < p < 0,10 para significância estatística e clínica, respectivamente. Resultados: A análise por regressão beta mostrou que os sintomas de depressão e ansiedade pioraram a QV de pacientes com IC, bem como o sexo masculino, idade inferior a 60 anos, nível educacional mais baixo, renda familiar mensal menor, internações recorrentes e comorbidades tais como doenças cardíacas isquêmicas e hipertensão arterial. A árvore de regressão confirmou que as classes funcionais da NYHA III e IV pioraram todas as dimensões do MLwHF, interagindo com sintomas de ansiedade, e influenciando direta ou indiretamente, a presença de pior escore total e dimensão emocional do MLwHF. Internações anteriores, na dimensão emocional, e idade inferior a 60 anos, na dimensão geral, associaram-se com ansiedade e classe funcional NYHA, piorando também a QV dos pacientes com IC. Conclusão: IC com fração de ejeção reduzida associou-se com pior resultado do MLwHF. Sintomas de ansiedade, internação prévia e idade mais jovem também associaram-se com pior MLwHF. O conhecimento desses fatores de risco pode, portanto, orientar a avaliação e o tratamento dos pacientes com IC.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 114(1): 25-32, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a multifactorial syndrome with repercussions on quality of life (QoL). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the main interacting factors responsible to worsen quality of life of outpatients with HF. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study with 99 patients of both genders, attending a HF outpatient clinic at a university hospital, all with a reduced ejection fraction (<40%) by echocardiography. They were evaluated using sociodemographic and clinical questionnaires, the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure (MLwHF), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS). QoL was the outcome variable. Two multivariate models were used: the parametric beta regression analysis, and the non-parametric regression tree, considering p < 0.05 and 0.05 < p < 0.10 for statistical and clinical significance, respectively. RESULTS: Beta regression showed that depression and anxiety symptoms worsened the QoL of HF patients, as well as male sex, age younger than 60 years old, lower education level, lower monthly family income, recurrent hospitalizations and comorbidities such as ischemic heart diseases and arterial hypertension. The regression tree confirmed that NYHA functional class III and IV worsen all dimensions of MLwHF by interacting with anxiety symptoms, which influenced directly or indirectly the presence of poorer total score and emotional dimension of MLwHF. Previous hospitalization in the emotional dimension and age younger than 60 years in general dimension were associated with anxiety and NYHA functional class, also worsening the QoL of HF patients. CONCLUSION: HF with reduced ejection fraction was associated with poorer MLwHF. Anxiety symptoms, previous hospitalization and younger age were also associated with worsened MLwHF. Knowledge of these risk factors can therefore guide assessment and treatment of HF patients.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 86(1): 143-154, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659776

RESUMO

AIMS: Chronic Chagas disease (ChD) has high morbimortality and loss in quality of life due to heart failure (HF). Pharmaceutical care (PC) optimizes clinical treatment and can improve quality of life in HF. We evaluated if PC improves quality of life of patients with ChD and HF. METHODS: Single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial that assigned adult patients with ChD and HF (81 patients; 61 ± 11 years; 48% male) to PC (n = 40) or standard care (n = 41). Quality of life according to SF-36 and Minnesota living with HF questionnaires, incidence of drug-related problems (DRPs), and adherence to medical treatment were determined at baseline and at every 3 months for 1 year. Intention-to-treat analyses were performed by mixed linear model to verify the treatment effect on the changes of these variables throughout the intervention period. RESULTS: Relative changes from baseline to 1 year of follow-up of the domains physical functioning (+16.6 vs -8.5; P < .001), role-physical (+34.0 vs +5.2; P = .01), general health (+19.4 vs -6.1; P < .001), vitality (+11.5 vs. -5.8; P = .003), social functioning (+7.5 vs -13.3; P = .002), and mental health (+9.0 vs -3.7; P = .006) of the SF-36 questionnaire and the Minnesota living with HF questionnaire score (-12.7 vs +4.8; P < .001) were superior in the PC group than in the standard care group. Adherence to medical treatment increased as early as after 3 months of follow-up and DRPs incidence decreased after 6 months of follow-up only in the PC group. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with ChD and HF who received PC presented improved quality of life, decrease in DRP frequency, and increase in medication adherence.

11.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200056, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1135265

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) is indicator of high morbidity in Chagas' disease. A cross-sectional study performed identified LVA in 18.8% of the chronic chagasic patients (CCP). OBJECTIVE Determine the risk of death of patients with chronic chagasic cardiopathy (CCC) and LVA in 24-year interval. MATERIAL AND METHODS In 1995 a cohort of 298 CCP was evaluated by anamnesis, physical examination, EKG and ECHO and classified in groups: G0 = 86 without cardiopathy; G1 = 156 with cardiopathy without LVA and G2 = 56 with cardiopathy and LVA. 38 patients of G0 and G1 used benznidazole. Information about the deaths was obtained in the notary, death certificates, hospital records and family members. FINDINGS Were registered 113 deaths (37.9%): 107 (35.9%) attributed to cardiopathy and 6 (2.0%) to other causes (p < 0.05). Amongst these 107 deaths, 10 (11.6%) occurred in G0; 49 (31.4%) occurred in G1 and 48 (85.7%) occurred in G2 (p < 0.05). The risk of death was 2.7 and 7.4 times significantly higher in G2, than in G1 and G0, respectively. CONCLUSION Chronic chagasic patients with LVA and ejection fraction < 45% have a higher risk of death than those without.

14.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(6): 630-642, nov.- dez. 2018. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-979931

RESUMO

Background: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is a well-known predictor of mortality in patients with valvular heart disease (VHD). The assessment of RV function is often difficult due to complex geometry and hemodynamic factors. Objective: We aim to analyze RV function in patients with severe mitral and/or aortic valve disease using two-dimensional strain (2DS) imaging and conventional echocardiographic parameters, comparing it with right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) measured by three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE). Methods: Fifty-three patients with severe mitral and/or aortic VHD underwent complete transthoracic echocardiogram in the preoperative setting for cardiac surgery, including conventional echocardiographic parameters of RV function and speckle-tracking derived 2DS indices: RV global longitudinal strain (RVGS) and RV free wall longitudinal strain (RVFWS). Conventional echocardiographic and 2DS parameters were compared with real-time 3DE RVEF using Spearman correlation test. For comparison between two groups of patients based on the presence of RV dysfunction (normal RVEF ≥ 44% - A, abnormal RVEF < 44% - B), we used nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test. ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve analysis was used to assess the clinical utility of all RV function variables in defining RV dysfunction. P values <0,05 were considered statistically significant.Results: We found a significant correlation between all parameters and RVEF (p<0.05), with best results for RV fractional area change (FAC), RVGS, and RVFWS. Dividing the population into two-groups based on RVEF, we found 14 patients with RV dysfunction (27.4%), and significant differences between the groups for all RV function variables. For detection of RV dysfunction defined by 3DE, ROC curve analysis showed the best area under the curve (AUC) for RVGS (0.872), RVFWS (0.851) and FAC (0.932). Conclusions: We observed significant correlation between RVGS, RVFWS and RVEF, with good accuracy in detecting RV dysfunction, comparable to FAC and better than other conventional parameters of RV function assessment. The evaluation of RV myocardial deformation with 2DS may have additional diagnostic and prognostic value in patients with severe left-sided VHD


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/etiologia , Valva Aórtica , Fibrilação Atrial , Volume Sistólico , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Análise Estatística , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Variância , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional/métodos , Valva Mitral
15.
Trials ; 19(1): 507, 2018 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30231899

RESUMO

Several studies evaluating clinical forms of chronic Chagas disease show that about one-third of patients present cardiac involvement. Heart failure, sudden death and cardioembolic stroke are the main mechanisms of death in Chagas heart disease. The impact of specific etiologic treatment on the prognosis of patients with chronic Chagas heart disease is very limited regardless of the presence or absence of heart failure. Patients with symptomatic Chagas heart disease present serum selenium (Se) levels lower than patients without Chagas heart disease. Moreover, Se supplementation in animal models showed promising results. The aim of this trial is to estimate the effect of Se treatment on prevention of heart disease progression in patients with Chagas cardiomyopathy. However, we had to introduce some protocol modifications in order to keep trial feasibility, as follows: the primary outcome was restricted to left ventricular ejection fraction as a continuous variable, excluding disease progression; the follow-up period was decreased from 5 years to 1 year, an adjustment that might increase the participation rate of our study; the superior age limit was increased from 65 to 75 years; and diabetes mellitus was no longer considered an exclusion criterion. All of these protocol modifications were extensively debated by the research team enrolled in the design, recruitment and conduction of the clinical trial to guarantee a high scientific quality. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials.gov, NCT00875173 . Registered on 20 October 2008.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/tratamento farmacológico , Suplementos Nutricionais , Selenito de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/parasitologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Doença Crônica , Suplementos Nutricionais/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Método Duplo-Cego , Determinação de Ponto Final , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Selenito de Sódio/efeitos adversos , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 110(3): 270-277, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29694552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical examination and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) have been used to estimate hemodynamics and tailor therapy of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients. However, correlation between these parameters and left ventricular filling pressures is controversial. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of physical examination, chest radiography (CR) and BNP in estimating left atrial pressure (LAP) as assessed by tissue Doppler echocardiogram. METHODS: Patients admitted with ADHF were prospectively assessed. Diagnostic characteristics of physical signs of heart failure, CR and BNP in predicting elevation (> 15 mm Hg) of LAP, alone or combined, were calculated. Spearman test was used to analyze the correlation between non-normal distribution variables. The level of significance was 5%. RESULTS: Forty-three patients were included, with mean age of 69.9 ± 11.1years, left ventricular ejection fraction of 25 ± 8.0%, and BNP of 1057 ± 1024.21 pg/mL. Individually, all clinical, CR or BNP parameters had a poor performance in predicting LAP ≥ 15 mm Hg. A clinical score of congestion had the poorest performance [area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) 0.53], followed by clinical score + CR (AUC 0.60), clinical score + CR + BNP > 400 pg/mL (AUC 0.62), and clinical score + CR + BNP > 1000 pg/mL (AUC 0.66). CONCLUSION: Physical examination, CR and BNP had a poor performance in predicting a LAP ≥ 15 mm Hg. Using these parameters alone or in combination may lead to inaccurate estimation of hemodynamics.


Assuntos
Pressão Atrial/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ecocardiografia Doppler de Pulso/métodos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Veias Jugulares/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Físico , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/sangue
17.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 110(2): 140-150, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29561992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The high cardiotoxicity morbidity and mortality rates associated with the antineoplastic therapy for breast cancer could be reduced with the early use of cardioprotective drugs. However, the low sensitivity of left ventricular ejection fraction limits its use in that preventive strategy. New parameters, such as global longitudinal strain, are being used in the early detection of contractile function changes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence of cardiotoxicity in patients treated for breast cancer, the independent factors associated with that event, and the ability of strain to identify it early. METHODS: Prospective observational study of consecutive outpatients diagnosed with breast cancer, with no previous antineoplastic treatment and no ventricular dysfunction, who underwent anthracycline and/or trastuzumab therapy. The patients were quarterly evaluated on a 6- to 12-month follow-up by an observer blind to therapy. Cox regression was used to evaluate the association of cardiotoxicity with clinical, therapeutic and echocardiographic variables. A ROC curve was built to identify the strain cutoff point on the third month that could predict the ejection fraction reduction on the sixth month. For all tests, the statistical significance level adopted was p ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: Of 49 women (mean age, 49.7 ± 12.2 years), cardiotoxicity was identified in 5 (10%) on the third (n = 2) and sixth (n = 3) months of follow-up. Strain was independently associated with the event (p = 0.004; HR = 2.77; 95%CI: 1.39-5.54), with a cutoff point for absolute value of -16.6 (AUC = 0.95; 95%CI: 0.87-1.0) or a cutoff point for percentage reduction of 14% (AUC = 0.97; 95%CI: 0.9-1.0). CONCLUSION: The 14% reduction in strain (absolute value of -16.6) allowed the early identification of patients who could develop anthracycline and/or trastuzumab-induced cardiotoxicity.


Assuntos
Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiotoxicidade/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cardiotoxicidade/epidemiologia , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Regressão , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(3): 270-277, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-888035

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Physical examination and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) have been used to estimate hemodynamics and tailor therapy of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients. However, correlation between these parameters and left ventricular filling pressures is controversial. Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of physical examination, chest radiography (CR) and BNP in estimating left atrial pressure (LAP) as assessed by tissue Doppler echocardiogram. Methods: Patients admitted with ADHF were prospectively assessed. Diagnostic characteristics of physical signs of heart failure, CR and BNP in predicting elevation (> 15 mm Hg) of LAP, alone or combined, were calculated. Spearman test was used to analyze the correlation between non-normal distribution variables. The level of significance was 5%. Results: Forty-three patients were included, with mean age of 69.9 ± 11.1years, left ventricular ejection fraction of 25 ± 8.0%, and BNP of 1057 ± 1024.21 pg/mL. Individually, all clinical, CR or BNP parameters had a poor performance in predicting LAP ≥ 15 mm Hg. A clinical score of congestion had the poorest performance [area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) 0.53], followed by clinical score + CR (AUC 0.60), clinical score + CR + BNP > 400 pg/mL (AUC 0.62), and clinical score + CR + BNP > 1000 pg/mL (AUC 0.66). Conclusion: Physical examination, CR and BNP had a poor performance in predicting a LAP ≥ 15 mm Hg. Using these parameters alone or in combination may lead to inaccurate estimation of hemodynamics.


Resumo Fundamento: Exame físico e peptídeo natriurético do tipo B (BNP) foram usados para estimar a hemodinâmica e adequar a terapia de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca aguda descompensada (ICAD). Entretanto, correlação entre esses parâmetros e a pressão de enchimento do ventrículo esquerdo é controversa. Objetivo: Avaliar a acurácia diagnóstica do exame físico, da radiografia de tórax (RT) e do BNP para estimar a pressão atrial esquerda (PAE) avaliada pelo ecodopplercardiograma tecidual. Métodos: Pacientes admitidos com ICAD foram avaliados prospectivamente. As características diagnósticas dos sinais físicos de insuficiência cardíaca, RT e BNP para predizer elevação da PAE (> 15 mmHg), isolados ou combinados, foram calculadas. Teste de Spearman foi usado para analisar a correlação entre variáveis de distribuição não normal. O nível de significância foi 5%. Resultados: Este estudo incluiu 43 pacientes com idade média de 69,9 ± 11,1 anos, fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda de 25 ± 8.0%, e BNP de 1057 ± 1024,21 pg/mL. Individualmente, todos os parâmetros clínicos, RT e BNP apresentaram fraco desempenho para predizer PAE ≥ 15 mmHg. O escore clínico de congestão teve o pior desempenho [área sob a curva receiver operating characteristic (AUC) 0,53], seguindo-se escore clínico + RT (AUC 0,60), escore clínico + RT + BNP > 400 pg/mL (AUC 0,62) e escore clínico + RT + BNP > 1000 pg/mL (AUC 0,66). Conclusão: Exame físico, RT e BNP tiveram desempenho fraco para predizer PAE ≥15 mmHg. O uso desses parâmetros isoladamente ou em combinação pode levar a estimativa imprecisa do perfil hemodinâmico. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2018; 110(3):270-277)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Pressão Atrial/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Exame Físico , Valores de Referência , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/sangue , Ecocardiografia Doppler de Pulso/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Jugulares/fisiopatologia
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(2): 140-150, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-888016

RESUMO

Abstract Background: The high cardiotoxicity morbidity and mortality rates associated with the antineoplastic therapy for breast cancer could be reduced with the early use of cardioprotective drugs. However, the low sensitivity of left ventricular ejection fraction limits its use in that preventive strategy. New parameters, such as global longitudinal strain, are being used in the early detection of contractile function changes. Objectives: To assess the incidence of cardiotoxicity in patients treated for breast cancer, the independent factors associated with that event, and the ability of strain to identify it early. Methods: Prospective observational study of consecutive outpatients diagnosed with breast cancer, with no previous antineoplastic treatment and no ventricular dysfunction, who underwent anthracycline and/or trastuzumab therapy. The patients were quarterly evaluated on a 6- to 12-month follow-up by an observer blind to therapy. Cox regression was used to evaluate the association of cardiotoxicity with clinical, therapeutic and echocardiographic variables. A ROC curve was built to identify the strain cutoff point on the third month that could predict the ejection fraction reduction on the sixth month. For all tests, the statistical significance level adopted was p ≤ 0.05. Results: Of 49 women (mean age, 49.7 ± 12.2 years), cardiotoxicity was identified in 5 (10%) on the third (n = 2) and sixth (n = 3) months of follow-up. Strain was independently associated with the event (p = 0.004; HR = 2.77; 95%CI: 1.39-5.54), with a cutoff point for absolute value of -16.6 (AUC = 0.95; 95%CI: 0.87-1.0) or a cutoff point for percentage reduction of 14% (AUC = 0.97; 95%CI: 0.9-1.0). Conclusion: The 14% reduction in strain (absolute value of -16.6) allowed the early identification of patients who could develop anthracycline and/or trastuzumab-induced cardiotoxicity.


Resumo Fundamentos: A elevada morbimortalidade da cardiotoxicidade associada à terapia antineoplásica para o câncer de mama poderia ser reduzida com uso precoce de drogas cardioprotetoras. No entanto, a baixa sensibilidade da fração de ejeção limita sua utilização nessa estratégia preventiva. Novos parâmetros, como o strain longitudinal global, estão sendo utilizados na detecção precoce das alterações da função contrátil. Objetivos: Avaliar a incidência de cardiotoxicidade entre pacientes tratados para câncer de mama, os fatores independentes associados a esse evento e a capacidade do strain em identificá-la precocemente. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo observacional de pacientes ambulatoriais consecutivos com diagnóstico de câncer de mama, sem tratamento antineoplásico prévio, sem disfunção ventricular, submetidos ao uso de antracíclicos e/ou trastuzumab, avaliados trimestralmente de forma cega em relação à terapia, seguidos por 6 a 12 meses. Regressão de Cox foi utilizada para avaliar a associação de variáveis clínicas, terapêuticas e ecocardiográficas com cardiotoxicidade. Curva ROC foi construída para identificar o ponto de corte do strain capaz de prever redução da fração de ejeção. Para todos os testes, o nível de significância estatística foi definido com p ≤ 0,05. Resultados: Dentre 49 mulheres com idade média de 49,7 ± 12,2 anos, identificamos 5 casos de cardiotoxicidade (10%), aos 3 (n = 2) e 6 (n = 3) meses de seguimento. Strain foi associado de forma independente ao evento (p = 0,004; HR = 2,77; IC95%: 1,39-5,54), tendo como ponto de corte o valor absoluto de -16,6 (ASC = 0,95; IC95%: 0,87-1,0) ou redução de 14% (ASC = 0,97; IC95%: 0,9-1,0). Conclusão: A redução de 14% do strain (ou valor absoluto de -16,6) foi capaz de identificar precocemente pacientes que podem evoluir com cardiotoxicidade associada ao antracíclico e/ou trastuzumab.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Cardiotoxicidade/diagnóstico , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Incidência , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Regressão , Seguimentos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Cardiotoxicidade/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...