Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 140
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 857-865, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496533

RESUMO

Objective: To study prospectively the caries characteristics of the children who suffered severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and received dental caries treatment under general anesthesia and to explore the related risk factors of caries recurrence after treatment. Methods: During December 2012 to August 2014, eighty-three children aged 2-4 years with S-ECC who underwent one caries treatment session under general anesthesia in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology participated in this study. Data of demographics, clinical characteristics, dietary and oral hygiene habits of the participants were collected before the treatment and 1-, 7- and 13-months after the treatment. All data were then analyzed to find out whether the factors were related to caries relapse. Results: Among the 70 children who completed 7-13 months follow-up, twenty-nine children (41%) remained caries-free and 41 children (59%) had a few caries recurrence during the observation period. All the teeth suffered different variation of caries recurrence except mandibular deciduous incisors. As for the types of caries recurrence after caries treatment under general anesthesia, the maxillary deciduous incisors usually showed secondary caries (new caries/secondary caries numbers were 1/12), the canines and first deciduous molars occurred both secondary and new caries (new caries/secondary caries numbers in canines were 12/6, in first deciduous molars were 16/12) and the second deciduous molars usually presented new caries (new caries/secondary caries numbers were 19/5). After treatment, the prone tooth surfaces of caries recurrence from high to low were: adjacent surfaces of deciduous molars (37 surfaces), occlusal surface of deciduous molars (28 surfaces), adjacent surfaces of deciduous canines (13 surfaces), buccal and lingual surfaces of deciduous molars (12 surfaces), labial and lingual surfaces of deciduous incisors (10 surfaces), labial and lingual surfaces of deciduous canines (8 surfaces) and adjacent surfaces of deciduous incisors (5 surfaces). There were no significant differences in the children's demographics and clinical characteristics between relapse and non-relapse groups (P>0.05). Patients in the relapse group had higher sugar intake frequencies than those in the non-relapse group at both 7- and 13-month follow-ups (P<0.05). Conclusions: Children of 2-4 years old with S-ECC have a high risk of caries recurrence after caries treatment under general anesthesia and need to recieve regular oral examination. During the follow-ups, the prevention and treatment of new and secondary caries of deciduous molars and secondary caries of deciduous incisors should be focused on. High frequency of sugar intake is an important risk factor of recurrent caries for children with S-ECC after caries treatment.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Anestesia Geral , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Prospectivos , Dente Decíduo
2.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 873-879, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496535

RESUMO

Objective: To record occlusal contact of primary dentition at maximal intercuspal position in children with individual normal occlusion. Methods: A total of 57 children were recruited from patients of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Inclusion criteria were that the subjects were 3-5 years old with no visually detectable caries or pupal and periapical diseases, had complete primary dentition, had individual normal occlusion, had normal function of craniofacial system, were medically healthy, could cooperate with sampling and had obtained written informed consent from the parents or guardians. Finally, forty-seven children aged 3 to 5 years old were enrolled, including 24 males and 23 females. The age, height and weight of all subjects were (4.1±0.7) years old (ranging 3.0-5.8 years old), (103.7±7.2) cm (ranging 90-120 cm) and (17.1±2.5) kg (ranging 12.5-22.5 kg), respectively. Occlusal abilities such as occlusal contact area, average bite pressure, maximum bite pressure, maximum bite force and occlusal balance were measured with Dental Prescale Ⅱ system. Results: Maximum bite force and occlusal contact area at intercuspal position in children with primary dentition were (567.40±223.84) N (ranging 226.7-1 154.6 N) and (18.56±6.54) mm2 (ranging 8.4-41.2 mm2), respectively. There was a significantly strong correlation between maximum bite force and occlusal contact area (r=0.954, P<0.01). Height and weight of children were also positively correlated with their maximum bite force (r=0.397, P=0.022 and r=0.453, P=0.008, respectively). Maximum occlusal bite force and contact occlusal area of boys [(651.80±224.34) N and (20.77±6.97) mm2] were significantly higher and larger than those of girls [(479.34±190.45) N and (16.25±5.27) mm2] (P<0.05). Thirty-two of all 47 children had one occlusal contact point with maximum bite pressure, mostly locating within the primary molar region. Bite forces of anterior and posterior teeth of primary dentition were (124.12±56.99) N and (450.11±205.09) N, respectively, about (21.82±11.40)% and (71.80±21.35)% of maximum bite force of the whole primary dentition. All of the occlusal balance points located in posterior teeth regions. Occlusal contacts were observed at both anterior and posterior teeth of primary dentition with individual normal occlusion. Conclusions: There was a great variation of maximum bite forces of primary dentitions at intercuspal position of children with individual normal occlusion. Maximum bite force of primary dentition was significantly correlated with occlusal contact area, height and weight of children. Occlusal contact points with maximum bite pressure and occlusal bite balance points of primary dentitions mostly located in primary molar regions.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Oclusão Dentária , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dente Molar , Dente Decíduo
3.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(8): 931-937, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445830

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of viral pathogen spectrum and the epidemiological characteristics of each viral pathogen in hospitalized cases associated with severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) in Luohe City, Henan Province from 2017 to 2019. Methods: Based the SARI Case Surveillance Platform, SARI cases were collected in Central Hospital of Luohe City, Henan Province from November 2017 to February 2019. In the end, 783 SARI cases were included, whose throat swabs were taken within 24 h of admission, as well as their demographic characteristics, onset time, clinical characteristics and other information recorded. At the same time, viral identification was performed, and the age and time distribution of each virus were analyzed. Results: The age of 783 SARI cases shown as M (P25, P75) was 3 (1, 5) years old, ranging from 1 month to 95 years old. Children under 5 years old were the majority (71.01%). The males (61.81%) were more than females (38.18%). Among the 783 SARI cases, a total of 9 kind of viruses were identified with 64.88% (508/783) of the throat swabs tested positive for at least one virus. The positive rate of influenza virus and human respiratory syncytial virus were both 20.18% (158 cases), which was the highest among all the detected respiratory virus. The co-infection rate was 15.84% (124/783), among which double infection was the most common, accounting for 85.48% (106/124) of the co-infected cases. And human respiratory syncytial virus, human rhinovirus and influenza virus were the most common pathogen in co-infection cases. Moreover, the viral positive rate was 68.71% in children aged 5 years and 63.27% in people aged 60-95 years. Influenza and human respiratory syncytial virus dominated in winter and spring, while human parainfluenza virus was the main infection in summer. Conclusion: Influenza virus and human respiratory syncytial virus were the main viruses in throat swabs of SARI cases from 2017 to 2019 in Luohe City, Henan Province. There were differences in the age and seasonal epidemiological characteristics of each virus.


Assuntos
Influenza Humana , Orthomyxoviridae , Infecções Respiratórias , Vírus , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Masculino , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Análise Espectral
4.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(7): 665-671, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275222

RESUMO

Objective: To develop an artificial intelligence system for detecting dental plaque on permanent teeth and find the influenced factors. Methods: Photos of the labial or buccal surfaces of the permanent teeth were taken by using an intraoral camera (1 280×960 pixels; TPC Ligang, Shenzhen, China) before and after applying the plaque-disclosing agent (Cimedical, Japan) in 25 volunteers [12 males, 13 femals, aged (23±3) years] recruided in accordance with the inclusion criteria from the students of Peking University School of Stomatology from October 2018 to June 2019. A total of 549 groups of photos were captured and then divided into a training dataset containing 440 groups of photos and a test dataset including 109 groups of photos. The scopes of teeth and dental plaque on photos were labeled using LabelMe (Windows 3.2.1, MIT, U S A). A DeepLab based deep learning system was designed for the intelligent detection of dental plaque on permanent teeth. The mean intersection over union (MIoU) was employed to indicate the detection accuracy. Matlab (Windows R2017a, MathWorks, U S A) was used to extract the plaque edge line of 109 groups of photos and to calculate the number of pixels for the measurement of the complexity of the plaque edge line. The percentage of dental plaque area was calculated. Multivariate linear regression was used to explore whether tooth site, plaque percentage, number of plaque edge line pixels and lens light spot location would influence the detection accuracy, of which P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The MIoU of the permanent tooth model was 0.700±0.191 when 440 photos were used for training and 109 photos were used for testing. In the regression model of significance test (P<0.05), the percentage of plaque and the number of pixels on the edge of plaque had significant influence on the accuracy of dental plaque detection. The standardized coefficient of the number of pixels of the plaque edge line is -0.289, and the standardized coefficient of the percentage of plaque is -0.551. Conclusions: In the present study, an artificial intelligence system was built to detect dental plaque area on tooth photos collected by family intraoral camera. The system showed the ability to detect the dental plaque of permanent teeth. The more complex the marginal line of dental plaque and higher the percentage of dental plaque are, the lower the accuracy of plaque recognition is.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Placa Dentária , Inteligência Artificial , China , Humanos , Japão , Masculino
5.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(6): 883-890, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238741

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify new therapeutic targets for intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) by analyzing gene variations in IDD. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed surgical samples of intervertebral disc from 4 patients with IDD and 3 patients with non-IDD using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) technology to identify significant differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in IDD. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) databases were utilized for gene enrichment studies to acquire the key genes and signal pathways during IDD progression. The differential expressions of the identified genes in IDD were validated in clinical samples with qRT-PCR. OBJECTIVE: The transcriptome profile revealed 512 significant DEGs, which were enriched in terms of keratinization, extracellular matrix (ECM) components, growth factor binding, and inflammatory chemotaxis in GO analysis. The top 10 terms of KEGG enrichment included amoebiasis, viral protein interaction with cytokine and cytokine receptor, ECM-receptor interaction, IL-17 signaling pathway, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, TNF signaling pathway, AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, chemokine signaling pathway and estrogen signaling pathway. Thirteen DEGs selected as the targets for qRT-PCR validation showed significant differential expressions in IDD (P < 0.001), and their expression trends were all consistent with the results of RNA-seq. Among these genes, 10 genes showed significant intergroup fold change (Log2FoldChange>1). OBJECTIVE: ECM, growth factors, collagen components, inflammatory chemokines and such signal pathways as TNF-α and PI3K-Akt all have important contributions to IDD progression and may thus serve as new therapeutic targets for treatment of IDD.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Transcriptoma
6.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 356, 2021 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) is an early response gene that is activated in response to atherosclerotic stimulation and may be an important factor in inhibiting the progression of atherosclerosis. In this study, we directly measured the expression of ATF3 and inflammatory factors in human coronary atherosclerotic plaques to examine the relationship between ATF3 expression, inflammation and structural stability in human coronary atherosclerotic plaques. METHODS: A total of 68 coronary artery specimens were collected from the autopsy group, including 36 cases of sudden death from coronary heart disease (SCD group) and 32 cases of acute death caused by mechanical injury with coronary atherosclerosis (CHD group). Twenty-two patients who had no coronary heart disease were collected as the control group (Con group). The histological structure of the coronary artery was observed under a light microscope after routine HE staining, and the intimal and lesion thicknesses, thickness of the fibrous cap, thickness of necrosis core, degree of lumen stenosis were assessed by image analysis software. Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were used to measure the expression and distribution of ATF3, inflammatory factors (CD45, IL-1ß, TNF-α) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM1) in the coronary artery. The Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyse the correlation between ATF3 protein expression and inflammatory factors and between ATF3 protein expression and structure-related indexes in the lesion group. RESULTS: Compared with those in the control group, the intima and necrotic core in the coronary artery were thickened, the fibrous cap became thin and the degree of vascular stenosis was increased in the lesion group, while the intima and necrotic core became thicker and the fibrous cap became thinner in the SCD group than in the CHD group (P < 0.05). There was no or low expression of ATF3, inflammatory factors, VCAM1 and MMP-9 in the control group, and the expression of inflammatory factors, VCAM1 and MMP-9 in the SCD group was higher than that in CHD group, while the expression of ATF3 in the SCD group was significantly lower than that in CHD group (P < 0.05). In the lesion group, the expression of ATF3 was negatively correlated with intimal and necrotic focus thickness, positively correlated with fibrous cap thickness (P < 0.01), and negatively correlated with inflammatory factors, VCAM1 and MMP-9 (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The expression of ATF3 may be related to the progression and stability of atherosclerotic plaques, and may affect the structural stability of atherosclerotic plaques by regulating the inflammatory response, thus participating in the regulation of atherosclerotic progression.


Assuntos
Fator 3 Ativador da Transcrição/análise , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/metabolismo , Vasos Coronários/química , Placa Aterosclerótica , Adulto , Idoso , Autopsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrose , Ruptura Espontânea , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 502-506, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102735

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the correlation factors of contralateral central lymph node metastasis in unilateral papillary thyroid carcinoma with lateral cervical lymph node metastasis. Methods: The clinical data of patients with unilateral papillary thyroid carcinoma who underwent total thyroidectomy and bilateral central lymph node dissection and ipsilateral cervical lymph node dissection from June 2016 to June 2018 at Department of Thyroid Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 317 patients, including 87 males and 230 females, aged (41.4±12.1) years (range: 16 to 75 years), were enrolled in this study. The risk factors of contralateral central lymph node metastasis were analyzed by χ2 test and Spearman correlation analysis. Results: There were 116, 69, 269, and 181 cases of pretracheal lymph node, prelaryngeal lymph node, ipsilateral central lymph node and contralateral central lymph node metastasis, respectively, and 16 cases of skipping metastasis. Univariate analysis showed that contralateral central lymph node metastasis was associated with gender, maximum tumor diameter, capsule invasion, pretracheal lymph node metastasis, prelaryngeal lymph node metastasis, and ipsilateral central lymph node metastasis (all P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that male (rs=0.162, P=0.004), maximum tumor diameter>10 mm (rs=0.184, P=0.001), capsule invasion (rs=0.135, P=0.016), pretracheal lymph node metastasis (rs=0.394, P<0.01), prelaryngeal lymph node metastasis (rs=0.272, P<0.01) and ipsilateral central lymph node metastasis (rs=0.203, P<0.01) were independent correlation factors for contralateral central lymph node metastasis. Conclusion: For patients with unilateral papillary thyroid carcinoma with ipsilateral cervical lymph node metastasis, bilateral central lymph node dissection should be considered if male, tumor diameter>10 mm, capsule invasion, pretracheal lymph node metastasis, prelaryngeal lymph node metastasis, or ipsilateral central lymph node metastasis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar , Carcinoma , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Carcinoma/cirurgia , Carcinoma Papilar/cirurgia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Esvaziamento Cervical , Estudos Retrospectivos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia
8.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(18): 185301, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34018763

RESUMO

Dirac semimetals associated with bulk Dirac fermions are well known in topological electronic systems. In sharp contrast, three-dimensional (3D) Dirac phonons in crystalline solids are still unavailable. Here we perform symmetry arguments and first-principles calculations to systematically investigate 3D Dirac phonons in all space groups with inversion symmetry. The results show that there are two categories of 3D Dirac phonons depending on their protection mechanisms and positions in momentum space. The first category originates from the four-dimensional irreducible representations at the high symmetry points. The second category arises from the phonon branch inversion, and the symmetry guarantees Dirac points to be located along the high symmetry lines. Furthermore, we reveal that nonsymmorphic symmetries and the combination of inversion and time-reversal symmetries play essential roles in the emergence of 3D Dirac phonons. Our work not only offers a comprehensive understanding of 3D Dirac phonons but also provides significant guidance for exploring Dirac bosons in both phononic and photonic systems.

9.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(12): 942-946, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33249813

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the feasibility of Ponseti method in treatment of secondary clubfoot in young children with Tethered Cord Syndrome(TCS). Methods: The clinical data of 53 young children with clubfeet treated with Ponseti method from March 2014 to March 2017 at Department of Pediatric Orthopedics, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were analyzed retrospectively. These patients were divided into TCS group and Idiopathic group according to the etiology. There were 19 patients (33 feet) in TCS group,with an mean age of 2.8 months(range:0.2 to 24.0 months), including 13 males and 6 females, 5 patients with unilateral clubfeet and 14 patients with bilateral clubfeet. There were 34 patients (45 feet) in idiopathic group, with an mean age of 3.1 months(range: 0.1 to 21.0 months), including 18 males and 16 females, 23 patients with unilateral clubfeet and 11 patients with bilateral clubfeet. All the children received casts correction according to Ponseti method, and were followed up at 3 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and every 6 months after the Achilles tendon tenotomy or the last cast correction. Complications were recorded and therapeutic effect was evaluated of these children by Dimeglio Scoring System and the International Clubfoot Study Group (ICFSG) at the last follow-up. Independent t test, Mann-Witney U test or χ(2) test were used to compare the indicators of the two groups. Results: The number of plaster fixation in TCS group was (6.1±2.0) times, and that of idiopathic group was (4.8±1.0) times(t=3.482, P<0.01).In TCS group, 22 feet treated with Achilles tendon transection and that of idiopathic group was 40 feet(χ(2)=0.279, P=0.598). There were 18 cases recurrence in TCS group and 8 cases in Idiopathic group (t=11.149, P<0.01). In TCS group, 16 cases (27 feet) completed the initial correction, the success rate was 60.6% (27/33), 3 cases (6 feet) could not correct the deformity after 9 to 10 times of plaster fixation, and then underwent soft tissue release.In idiopathic group, 34 cases (45 feet) achieved initial correction after Ponseti treatment(χ(2)=6.488, P=0.011).At the last follow up, there were 5 cases (9 feet) in TCS group and 2 cases (2 feet) in idiopathic group underwent soft tissue release(χ(2)=6.110, P=0.013). The classification grade of ICFSG score of the two groups without soft tissue release were (2.1±0.6) and (1.8±0.7), the difference was not statistically significant (t=1.765, P=0.082). All the children had no skin ulceration, bedsores, skin allergy and other complications. Conclusion: Ponseti method is effective in the treatment of clubfoot secondary to TCS, and the functional recovery is similar to that of children with idiopathic clubfoot.


Assuntos
Pé Torto Equinovaro , Defeitos do Tubo Neural/complicações , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Pré-Escolar , Pé Torto Equinovaro/etiologia , Pé Torto Equinovaro/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 913-918, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047729

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the oral health status of children aged 3-12 in Shaoshan area of Hunan province and to evaluate the role of oral health educations based on community such as fluoride varnish, oral hygiene introduction in improving the oral health of children in the area so as to gain expe-rience. METHODS: The study used cluster sampling to select 3 kindergartens and 2 primary schools in different economic development areas of Shaoshan. Oral health status survey and interventions were conducted in December 2014 and September 2016, respectively. The average debris index, decayed missing filled teeth (deciduous teeth: dmft; permanent teeth: DMFT), and caries prevalence rate of children aged 3-6 years and 6-12 years were compared. At the same time, children aged 5 and 12 were used as representative populations to compare the indices as listed before and the caries prevalence rate of the first permanent molar in 12-year-old children was compared as well. Finally, health economic analysis was carried out based on the 2 years' result. RESULTS: In this study, 992 children and 896 children in 2014 and 2016 were included respectively. As for children aged 3-6 years, the average debris index and dmft in 2016 were significantly less than that in 2014 (P < 0.001, P < 0.001), and the difference of DMFT was not significant (P=0.419). Children aged 6-12 years showed the same result, the average debris index and dmft in 2016 were significantly less than those in 2014 (P < 0.001, P=0.013), and the difference in DMFT was not significant (P=0.674). 173 and 179 5-year-old children were included in 2014 and 2016 respectively, and the dmft showed significant difference (P=0.038); the caries prevalence rate was 75.7% and 71.5%, respectively, which was also not significant (P=0.370). With respect to the 12-year-old children, 65 and 104 children were included and the differences in dmft and DMFT were not significant (P=0.133, P=0.171). The caries prevalence of the first permanent molar in the 12-year-old children was 36.9% and 26.9%, whose difference was not significant (P=0.171). CONCLUSION: The application of fluoride varnish and oral health education can significantly reduce the dmft of children aged 3-12 years in Shaoshan area and significantly improve the oral hygiene status. DMFT, the caries prevalence rate of 5-year-old children's deciduous teeth and 12-year-old children's first permanent molar showed a decline.


Assuntos
Fluoretos , Saúde Bucal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Índice CPO , Humanos , Dente Molar , Prevalência
12.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(9): 639-646, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878399

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the caries experience and the kinds of dental treatment between children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and children without systemic disease who were all treated under general anesthesia. Methods: Totally 103 children with ASD who received dental treatments under general anesthesia in 13 professional dental hospitals around China from April to November 2016 were included in the present study. A group of 97 children without systemic disease, according to the age, gender and application propensity score matching method, were chosen as controls, who received dental treatments under general anesthesia between January 2015 to November 2018 in the same hospitals as the children with ASD. Decay missing filling tooth (DMFT/dmft, DMFT for permanent teeth and dmft for primary teeth) indices of two groups of children and the contents of the dental treatments under general anesthesia were analyzed. Results: No significant difference of DMFT/dmft index ï¼»M (Q 25, Q 75)ï¼½ was found between children with ASD group ï¼»0 (0, 3)/11(8, 14)ï¼½ and control group ï¼»0 (0, 3)/9(7, 13)ï¼½ (P>0.05). The average number of dental treatments under general anesthesia and the average number of endodontic treatment in children with ASD were 13 (11, 15) and 3 (2, 6) teeth respectively, while those in the control group were 12 (9, 14) and 2 (1, 4) teeth respectively, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.01, P<0.05). Conclusions: No significant difference was found between children with ASD and the normal controls who receive dental treatments under general anesthesia in DMFT/dmft index, but the treatment needs of children with ASD is relatively higher, and their tooth decay is relatively severer.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Cárie Dentária , Anestesia Geral , Criança , China , Índice CPO , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Dente Decíduo
13.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 838-842, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987465

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical, pathological and genetic characteristics of neonatal alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of the pulmonary veins (ACDMPV). Methods: The clinical manifestations, radiographic examinations, pathology and parental genetic analysis of a newborn with FOXF1 variation induced ACDMPV, who was hospitalized in the Department of Neonatology of Shenzhen Children's Hospital in January 2020, were extracted and analyzed. Related literature up to March 2020 with the key words of "Alveolar capillaries dysplasia" "Alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of the pulmonary veins" "FOXF1" in PubMed, CNKI, Wanfang, CQVIP database and Leiden Open Variation database (LOVD) were searched. Results: A full-term male newborn (1 hour of age) was admitted due to anal atresia. Surgical repair of anal atresia and omphalocele was performed on the first day of life, and gallbladder absence and Meckel's diverticulum were identified during the operation. Respiratory distress with hypoxemia developed at about 6 hours of life, and persistent pulmonary hypertension developed and progressed after surgery, with poor response to mechanical ventilation and pulmonary vasodilators. This infant passed away at 26 days of life. Lung biopsy showed decreased alveolar units and thickened interalveolar septa, reduced alveolar capillary density and thickened walls of peripheral pulmonary arteries, and misaligned pulmonary veins adjacent to the pulmonary arterioles, which were consistent with ACDMPV. The whole exome sequencing revealed a heterozygous novel frameshift of FOXF1 gene located in chromosome 16q24.1 c376_377insT; p.(Pro126fs). According to the bioinformatics analysis, this variation was likely to be pathogenic as it was associated with coding disorder of FOXF1 Pro126, resulting in truncation of the encoded protein. This novel variation had not been reported in the human gene mutation database (HGMD), ESP6500siv2_ALL, 1000g2015aug_ALL or dbSNP147 database. Previous 6 literatures reported 54 variants, including 28 missense, 10 nonsense, 11 frameshift, 2 deletion, 1 synonymous, and 2 extensions. Only three of the reported 45 cases (24 males, 21 females) were still alive as of the time of this study. Conclusions: Typically, ACDMPV is a catastrophic disease in neonatal period with high mortality. Lung biopsy and genetic testing should be considered in infants who present with persistent pulmonary hypertension and refractory hypoxemia, especially when combined with extrapulmonary abnormalities.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Persistência do Padrão de Circulação Fetal , Veias Pulmonares , Criança , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Síndrome da Persistência do Padrão de Circulação Fetal/genética , Alvéolos Pulmonares/anormalidades , Alvéolos Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
Br Poult Sci ; 61(6): 632-639, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32631087

RESUMO

1. The Tibetan chicken, which is an indigenous breed living on the Tibetan Plateau, exhibits hypoxic adaptations to its high-altitude environment. However, the molecular mechanism behind this hypoxic adaptation is still unclear. This study aimed to investigate differentially expressed miRNAs involved in hypoxic adaptation through high-throughput RNA sequencing. 2. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the differentially expressed miRNAs and their target genes in chicken embryonic heart tissues and fibroblasts. Luciferase reporter assays were performed to confirm the relationship between miRNAs and target genes. 3. The study identified 37 differentially expressed miRNAs in Tibetan chicken embryonic heart tissues, including 20 up- and 17 down-regulated miRNAs, compared to those found in lowland chickens. Differentially expressed miRNAs were mainly involved in biological processes, such as cell cycle arrest, toll-like receptor signalling pathways, and I-kappa B kinase/NF-kappa B signalling. The data showed that gga-miR-34 c-5p was significantly upregulated in Tibetan chicken tissues and hypoxic fibroblasts, while EHHADH, a target gene of gga-miR-34 c-5p, was downregulated. Moreover, gga-miR-34 c-5p dramatically decreased the luciferase activity of the wild EHHADH, whereas no effect on the mutational EHHADH was found. 4. This study identified miRNA expression profiles in the Tibetan chicken and suggested that miR-34 c-5p acts as a novel miRNA associated with hypoxic adaptation. This facilitates the understanding of molecular mechanisms that underlie long-term exposure to hypoxia.


Assuntos
Galinhas , MicroRNAs , Animais , Embrião de Galinha , Galinhas/genética , Hipóxia/genética , Hipóxia/veterinária , MicroRNAs/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA/veterinária , Tibet
16.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(2): 199-203, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530167

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To study the relations of the dural thickness and the biomechanical parameters with postmortem interval (PMI) of human cadavers, and to explore the feasibility of the two indexes used for PMI estimation. Methods Dural samples were collected at different postmortem intervals of 6 h, 12 h, 18 h, 24 h, 30 h, 36 h, 48 h, 60 h, 72 h, 84 h and 96 h, then fabricated into 4.0 cm×1.0 cm A and B test specimens. The thickness of the A test specimen was measured, and the biomechanical parameters, such as ultimate load, maximum force deformation, tensile strength, elastic modulus and fracture force, were measured. The regression equations of thickness, biomechanical parameters and PMI were fitted respectively, and the difference between the predicted value and actual measured value of PMI was verified by the verification group. The B test specimen was fixed with 10% neutral formaldehyde solution, then tissue sections were prepared to observe its morphological changes. Results From 6 h to 96 h after death, the dural thickness decreased gradually, the collagen fibers gradually changed from clear arrangement to mutual fusion, and the number of nuclei decreased gradually. The dural thickness, ultimate load, tensile strength, elastic modulus and fracture force decreased sequentially, among which the dural thickness, ultimate load, elastic modulus and fracture force had a correlation with PMI (P<0.05). In the return test, the difference between the predicted value and actual measured value of PMI in the verification group had no statistical significance (P>0.05). Conclusion The dural thickness, ultimate load, elastic modulus and fracture force change sequentially from 6 h to 96 h after death. The regression equation established by the relationship between the changes and PMI can be used for PMI estimation.


Assuntos
Mudanças Depois da Morte , Autopsia , Cadáver , Fraturas Ósseas , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(10): 105303, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32216438

RESUMO

Weyl points are often believed to appear in pairs with opposite chirality. In this work, we show by first-principles calculations and symmetry analysis that single Weyl phonons with linear dispersion and double Weyl phonons with quadratic dispersion are simultaneously present between two specific phonon branches in realistic materials with trigonal or hexagonal lattices. These phonon Weyl points are guaranteed to locate at high-symmetry points due to the screw rotational symmetry, forming a unique triangular Weyl complex. In sharp contrast to conventional Weyl systems with surface arcs terminated at the projections of a pair of Weyl points with opposite chirality, the phonon surface arcs of the unconventional triangular Weyl complex connect the projections of one double Weyl point and two single Weyl points. Importantly, the phonon surface arcs originating from the triangular Weyl complex are extremely long and span the entire surface Brillouin zone. Furthermore, there are only nontrivial phonon surface states across the isofrequency surface, which facilitates their detection in experiments and further applications. Our work not only offers the promising triangular phonon Weyl complex but also provides guidance for exploring triangular Weyl bosons in both phononic and photonic systems.

18.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 22(8): 1240-1251, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939100

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is the most common malignant tumors of the female reproductive system, and its standard treatments are cytoreductive surgery and platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy. Great advances have been achieved in novel treatment strategies, including targeted therapy and immunotherapy. However, ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate among gynecological tumors due to therapeutic resistance and the gap between preclinical data and actual clinical efficacy. Organoids are a 3D culture model that markedly affects gene analysis, drug screening, and drug sensitivity determination of tumors, especially when used in targeted therapy and immunotherapy. In addition, organoid can lead to advances in the preclinical research of ovarian cancer due to its convenient cultivation, good genetic stability, and high homology with primary tumors.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia/métodos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Organoides , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Feminino , Genômica , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Organoides/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Neoplasias Ovarianas/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Esferoides Celulares , Microambiente Tumoral
19.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(6): 065501, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491179

RESUMO

Nontrivial low-energy excitations of crystalline solids have insightfully strengthened understanding of elementary particles in quantum field theory. Usually, topological quasiparticles are mainly focused on fermions in topological semimetals. We alternatively show by first-principles calculations and symmetry analysis that ideal type-II Weyl phonons are present in zinc-blende cadmium telluride, a well-known II-VI semiconductor. Importantly, these type-II Weyl phonons originate from the inversion between the longitudinal acoustic and transverse optical branches. Symmetry guarantees that the type-II Weyl points lie along the high-symmetry lines at the boundaries of the Brillouin zone even with a breaking of inversion symmetry, exhibiting the robustness of protected phonon features. The nontrivial phonon surface states and surface arcs projected on the semifinite (001) and (111) surfaces are investigated. The phonon surface arcs connecting the Weyl points with opposite chirality, guaranteed to be very long, are clearly visible. We not only offer a promising candidate for studying type-II Weyl phonons but also provide a route to realize symmetry-protected nontrivial phonons and related applications in realistic materials.

20.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 24(5): e691-e697, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The height of single-layer fibular flap is not long enough to return to the ideal height of the mandible. While the double-layer vascularized fibular osteomyocutaneous flap(VFF) is more complicated in shaping and fixation, along with a longer operation time. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical effect of VFF combined with nonvascularized fibular flap(NVFF) in the reconstruction of mandibular defect. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From September 2016 to June 2018, 15 patients with benign mandibular tumors underwent reconstruction with VFF and NVFF. SimPlant Pro ™ software (version 11.04) was used to simulate reconstruction of the mandible preoperatively. RESULTS: All patients were followed up for 8-23 month, with an average of 11.7 months. 15 VFFs survived well. Among the 15 NVFFs, one was almost completely absorbed, two with partial absorption, and the remaining survived regardless of the small amount of absorption. The postoperative absorption of the whole fibula was 7.53±6.362%, a favorable facial contour and speech function were attained. CONCLUSIONS: The VFF combined with NVFF to reconstruct the mandibular defect can restore the vertical height of the mandible and achieve satisfactory clinical results.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Mandibulares , Reconstrução Mandibular , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Transplante Ósseo , Fíbula , Humanos , Mandíbula , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...