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1.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 4, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898515

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MiR-199a-3p (miR-199a) can enhance the chemosensitivity of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Because of the easy degradation of miRNA by direct infusion, effective vehicle-mediated delivery of miR-199a may represent a new strategy for improving HCC chemotherapy. Considering mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived exosomes as promising natural nanovectors for drug and molecule delivery, we aimed to determine whether exosomes from adipose tissue-derived MSCs (AMSCs) could be used to deliver miR-199a and improve HCC chemosensitivity. METHODS: MiR-199a-modified AMSCs (AMSC-199a) were constructed by miR-199a lentivirus infection and puromycin selection. MiR-199-modified exosomes (AMSC-Exo-199a) were isolated from the supernatant of AMSC-199a and were assessed by transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis, and flow cytometry analysis. The expression levels of miR-199a in HCC samples, AMSCs, exosomes, and HCC cells were quantified by real-time PCR. The effects of AMSC-Exo-199a on HCC chemosensitivity were determined by cell proliferation and apoptosis assays and by i.v. injection into orthotopic HCC mouse models with doxorubicin treatment. MTOR, p-4EBP1 and p-70S6K levels in HCC cells and tissues were quantified by Western blot. RESULTS: AMSC-Exo-199a had the classic characteristics of exosomes and could effectively mediate miR-199a delivery to HCC cells. Additionally, AMSC-Exo-199a significantly sensitized HCC cells to doxorubicin by targeting mTOR and subsequently inhibiting the mTOR pathway. Moreover, i.v.-injected AMSC-Exo-199a could distribute to tumor tissue and markedly increased the effect of Dox against HCC in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: AMSC-Exo-199a can be an effective vehicle for miR-199a delivery, and they effectively sensitized HCC to chemotherapeutic agents by targeting mTOR pathway. AMSC-Exo-199a administration may provide a new strategy for improving HCC chemosensitivity.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e16972, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464942

RESUMO

Single nuclear polymorphism (SNP) of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) was reported associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, but the SNP sites studied were limited. Whether the combination of 2 or more SNP sites could better represent the relationship between PD-1 SNP and HBV infection was not studied.Eight hundred ninety-eight HBV-infected patients (222 asymptomatic carriers [AsC], 276 chronic hepatitis B, 105 acute-on-chronic liver failure, and 295 liver cirrhosis) and 364 health controls of South China were enrolled in this study. Four PD-1 SNPs (rs10204525, rs2227982, rs41386349, and rs36084323) were selected and detected by TaqMan probe. The frequency of allele, genotype, and combination of different SNPs were compared between different groups.For allele frequency analysis, G allele of rs10204525 was protective factor (odds ratio (OR) = 0.823, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.679-0.997, P = .046) and T allele of rs2227982 was predisposing factor (OR = 1.231, 95% CI = 1.036-1.463, P = .018) in HBV infection. When analyzed in genotype frequency, the genotype GG of rs10204525 and CC of rs2227982 were protective factor of HBV infection. Combination of rs10204525 GG and rs2227982 CC was potent protective factor of HBV infection (OR = 0.552, 95% CI = 0.356-0.857, P = .007) and was also associated with lower HBV load (OR = 0.201, 95% CI = 0.056-0.728, P = .008) in AsC. The 4 SNP sites were not associated with progression of HBV-related liver disease.Rs10204525 and rs2227982 of PD-1 associate with HBV infection and combination of the 2 SNP sites can better predict host susceptibility in HBV infection.


Assuntos
Hepatite B/genética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Fatores Etários , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais
3.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 4396, 2017 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28667294

RESUMO

DNA-damaging agents have been used in cancer chemotherapy for a long history. Unfortunately, chemotherapeutic treatment strategies against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are still ineffective. We screened a novel DNA-damaging compound, designated as 0404, by using time-dependent cellular response profiling (TCRP) based on unique DNA-damage characteristics. We used human HCC cell lines and HCC xenograft mouse model to analyze the anti-cancer effects of 0404. Transcriptome and miRNA arrays were used to verify the anti-cancer mechanism of 0404. It was confirmed that p53 signaling pathway was crucial in 0404 anti-cancer activity and the expression of miR-34a, a key tumor-suppressive miRNA, was up-regulated in 0404-treated HepG2 cells. MiR-34a expression was also down-regulated in HCCs compared with corresponding non-cancerous hepatic tissues. We further identified the mechanisms of 0404 in HepG2 cells. 0404 increased miR-34a expression and acylation p53 protein levels and decreased SIRT1 protein levels in a concentration-dependent manner. The sensitivity of HepG2 cells to 0404 was significantly decreased by transfection with miR-34a inhibitors and SIRT1 protein levels were up-regulated by miR-34a inhibition. Our findings show that 0404 is probably an attractive agent for treating HCC, especially in HCC with wide type (WT) p53, through forming a p53/miR-34a/SIRT1 signal feedback loop to promote cell apoptosis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Sirtuína 1/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Transcriptoma , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
4.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 35: 14, 2016 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26790956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aberrant expression of sperm-associated antigen 9 (SPAG9) is associated with numerous cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The exploration of molecules and mechanisms regulating SPAG9 expression may provide new options for HCC therapy. METHODS: MiRNA target prediction programs were used to explore SPAG9-targeted miRNAs. SPAG9 and miR-141 expression were detected in HCC tissues and cell lines by Western blot and real-time PCR. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was utilized to validate SPAG9 as a direct target gene of miR-141. Cell proliferation, invasion, and migration assays were used to determine whether miR-141-mediated regulation of SPAG9 could affect HCC progression. RESULTS: An inverse correlation was observed between SPAG9 and miR-141 expression in HCC tissues and cell lines. Dual-luciferase reporter assay further showed that SPAG9 was a direct target gene of miR-141. The ectopic expression of miR-141 could markedly suppress SPAG9 expression in HCC cells. MiR-141 overexpression also resulted in significantly reduced cell proliferation, invasion, and migration, and imitation of the SPAG9 knockdown effects on HCC cells. Furthermore, SPAG9 restoration in miR-141-expressing cells sufficiently attenuated the tumor-suppressive effects of miR-141. Finally, JNK activity was found to be reduced by miR-141 overexpression the same way as by SPAG9 silencing. The overexpression of SPAG9 lacking its 3'-UTR significantly restored JNK activity and its downstream genes in miR-141-transfected HCC cells. CONCLUSION: MiR-141 suppression may cause aberrant expression of SPAG9 and promote HCC tumorigenesis via JNK pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Metástase Neoplásica
5.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 37(2): 677-86, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26343270

RESUMO

Hepatitis B is a major global health problem and a potentially life-threatening liver infection caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV). Many cytokines including interleukin 6 (IL-6) have been shown to be involved in the HBV infection process. IL-6 is a typical cytokine made up of 184 amino acids, and the gene is located in chromosome 7p21. For healthy people, serum IL-6 levels are usually too low to be detected. However, dysregulated synthesis of IL-6 has been discovered in chronic inflammatory diseases such as hepatitis B, Crohn's disease and rheumatoid arthritis. IL-6 also plays an important role in HBV replication and in the development of hepatitis B disease. This review aims to present the latest discoveries concerning the role of IL-6 in hepatitis B disease progression, and HBV entry and replication, and evaluate polymorphisms that are associated with the development of hepatitis B disease.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B/fisiologia , Hepatite B/genética , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Hepatite B/metabolismo , Hepatite B/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Replicação Viral
6.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 37(2): 501-14, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26315837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The high expression levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-inducible genes correlate positively with liver diseases. The present study aimed to explore the effect of isoliquiritigenin (ISL) on the expression of genes induced by IFN-γ in vitro, and to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms. METHODS: HepG2 and L02 cells were divided into control, ISL, IFN-γ, and IFN-γ plus ISL groups. The cytotoxicity of compounds to cells was evaluated by Cell Counting Kit 8 (CCK8) assay; the expression levels of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 9 (CXCL9), CXCL10, CXCL11, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in cells and supernatant were measured by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and ELISA, respectively. Moreover, western blot was used to examine the phosphorylated levels of janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), nuclear factor (NF)-κB, interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3)/myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Protein Kinase B (Akt) in HepG2 and L02 cells exposed to ISL, IFN-γ and IFN-γ plus ISL. RESULTS: The results showed that IFN-γ treatment induced the expression of CXCL9, CXCL10, CXCL11, and IL-6 in HepG2 and LO2 cells, which could be significantly and dose-dependently inhibited by ISL treatment (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), but the inhibitory effect of ISL on IL-6 expression was not so good as on CXCL9, CXCL10, and CXCL11 expression. Furthermore, ISL treatment dose-dependently inhibited the activation of JAK1/STAT1, IRF3/MyD88, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/MAPK, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/MAPK, and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways (P < 0.05), but had no effect on the activation of JAK2/STAT1, NF-κB and p38/MAPK signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate that ISL inhibits IFN-γ-induced inflammation in hepatocytes via influencing the activation of JAK1/STAT1, IRF3/MyD88, ERK/MAPK, JNK/MAPK, and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Chalconas/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimiocinas/genética , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Hepatócitos/citologia , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases/genética , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo
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