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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(1): 47-50, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914558

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of modified computed tomography angiography(CTA) in detecting bronchial artery-pulmonary artery fistula(BPF). Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed on 246 patients with hemoptysis admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from July 2017 to December 2018, who underwent modified CTA and DSA examination at the same time. CT was performed with Toshiba Aquilion one 320 row 640-slice spiral CT scanner. All modified CTA images were read blindly by two radiologists above the attending doctors. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the modified CTA in diagnosing BPF were calculated with the DSA results as the reference,and the consistency of the two tests was analyzed. Results: DSA detected 186 cases of positive and 60 cases of negative, modified CTA detected 160 cases of positive and 86 cases of negative. The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of modified CTA for BPF diagnosis was 85.5%(159/186),98.3%(59/60), 88.6%(218/246) respectively, and they were with high consistency with DSA examination results (kappa=0.73,P<0.01). Conclusion: Modified CTA has high diagnostic specificity for BPF,which can be used as the preferred method for non-invasive screening of suspected BPF patients.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Fístula , Artérias Brônquicas , Humanos , Artéria Pulmonar , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(12): 1284-1289, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795587

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the status and related factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women with syphilis infection in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Methods: A total of 9378 pregnant women with syphilis infection who were diagnosed by Guangxi medical and health care institutions at all levels and were registered in the national "Management information system for mother-to-child transmission of AIDS, syphilis and hepatitis B" . The delivery date of these pregnant women were from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2018, and their demographic characteristics, treatment, non-treponema pallidum titer, and pregnancy outcomes were collected. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the related factors of adverse pregnancy outcome. Results: The age of the pregnant women with syphilitic infection was (30.05±6.07) years old. There were 1 184 cases with an adverse pregnancy outcome. The incidence of adverse pregnancy outcome was 12.63%, and 83.30% (7 812 cases) of patients received syphilis treatment, of which 50.32% (3 931 cases) were treated with standard treatment. The results of multivariate analysis showed that, the probability of an adverse pregnancy outcome for a 35-year-old was higher than those of the <25 year old [OR (95%CI)=1.37(1.13-1.67)]. The possibility of the occurrence of an adverse pregnancy outcome in 1-2 times of delivery was lower than that of 0 times of delivery in the past, with the OR (95%CI) value was 0.81 (0.70-0.94). Compared with those who tested for syphilis in the early stages of pregnancy, patients with gestational weeks ≥ 28 weeks of initial examination were more likely to have adverse pregnancy outcomes, with the OR (95%CI) value was 1.54 (1.26-1.88). Compared with the first test titer level was <1:8, the probability of an adverse pregnancy outcome was higher in the titer of ≥1:8, with the OR (95%CI) value was 1.33 (1.12-1.57). There was a higher probability of an adverse pregnancy outcome in the untreated patients compared to the treatment of the syphilitic, with the OR (95%CI) value was 1.41(1.19-1.68). Patients with unregulated treatment were more likely to have adverse pregnancy outcomes than those with standardized treatment, with the OR (95%CI) value was 1.27 (1.09-1.47). Conclusion: Gestational weeks of first examination in pregnant women with syphilis infection, the first test titer, and the treatment condition were closely related to the occurrence of the adverse pregnancy outcome. Pregnant women with syphilis infection without treatment and unstandardized treatment were more likely to have adverse pregnancy outcomes than those of treatment and standardized treatment.


Assuntos
Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/microbiologia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Sífilis/complicações , Sífilis/epidemiologia
3.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(8): 516-521, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461807

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the factors associated with the success rate of external cephalic version (ECV) for singleton and non-cephalic presentation pregnancies in the third trimester. Methods: A retrospective study of ECV among singleton and non-cephalic presentation pregnant women in 36-40 weeks of gestation at Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from January 2016 to June 2018 was analyzed. Results: (1) Totally, 251 cases of 358 pregnant women who underwent ECV were successful, with a total success rate of 70.1% (251/358). The success rate of multipara was 79.1% (129/163), while 62.6% (122/195) in primipara (P<0.01). The total vaginal delivery rate was 52.2% (187/358), the vaginal delivery rate of multipara was 61.3% (100/163), while 44.6% (87/195) in primipara (P<0.01). (2) Spontaneous reversion occurred in 7.6%(19/251) of ECV successful women, the rate of reversion of multipara was 10.9% (14/129), higher than that of the primipara [4.1% (5/122); P<0.01]. (3) Among the 232 pregnant women who did not reverted after successful ECV, 187 cases of successful vaginal delivery, the vaginal delivery rate was 80.6% (187/232); the vaginal delivery rate of the multipara was 87.0%(100/115), which was higher than that of the primipara [74.4%(87/117); P<0.01]. (4) The variables significantly associated with ECV success were parity, type of breech, whether fetal presentation was in pelvic or not (all P<0.05). The complication rate was 2.2% (8/358), among which the incidence of fetal distress, placental abruption and transient fetal heart abnormalities were 0.6% (2/358), 0.3% (1/358) and 1.4% (5/358) respectively. Conclusion: By close monitoring, ECV is a safe and effective procedure in selected appropriate cases, and worthy of clinical application.


Assuntos
Apresentação Pélvica , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Versão Fetal/métodos , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/etiologia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
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