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1.
Nurs Open ; 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569191

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to culturally adapt and psychometrically validate the PROMIS Social Relationships Short Forms (PROMIS-SR) among Chinese patients with breast cancer. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHOD: The PROMIS-SR was translated into simplified Chinese by strictly adhering to the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy translation method and was subsequently tested among patients with breast cancer (N = 965). Eligible patients filled out the demographic information questionnaire, the PROMIS-SR, and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast. RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) provided support for the original structure of the PROMIS-SR. All instruments reported strong known-group, cross-cultural and convergent validity, as hypothesized. Correlation coefficients ranged from 0.67 to 0.85, and Cronbach's α of all items were high (0.90-0.94).

2.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 52: 103009, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33735744

RESUMO

Stigma and negative attitudes towards people with mental illness are frequently found among nursing students. Interventions targeting mental illness stigma are the critical elements in altering the status. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of the psychiatric-mental health education with role-play and real-world contact on stigma of nursing students towards people with mental illness in China. A single group pretest and posttest study design was adopted and total 373 students were recruited whilst 343 completed the course. We integrated the role-play and contact with patients in the routine psychiatric-mental health education. After the education was completed, the students' stigma towards people with mental illness were positively changed (pretest mean score of stigma: 53.77, posttest mean score of stigma: 49.01, 95% CI: 2.63-6.87) and their willingness to care for the people with mental illness was also significantly increased (pretest mean score of willingness: 5.45, posttest mean score of willingness: 7.38, 95% CI: -2.22--1.65). The psychiatric-mental health education especially with integrated role-play and real-world contact is an effective way to reduce nursing students' stigma and negative attitudes towards people with mental illness and increases their willingness to care for people with mental illness.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , China , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Geriatr Nurs ; 41(3): 261-273, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706592

RESUMO

This review reports the most current evidence on the effects of exercise interventions on improving physical function, daily living activities and quality of life in community-dwelling frail older adults. CBMdisc, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Central), Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science and EBSCO were searched from inception to July 2019. Exercise interventions were found to improve knee extension strength and normal speed and were beneficial in lower Time up and go test (TUG) and improving semi-tandem, Berg balance scale (BBS), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Physical Performance Test (PPT) and Activities of daily living (ADL). Further well-designed studies are needed to explore the most effective intervention type and dose.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Terapia por Exercício , Idoso Fragilizado , Vida Independente , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Idoso , Humanos , Equilíbrio Postural , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos de Tempo e Movimento
4.
Geriatr Nurs ; 40(5): 457-462, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30853128

RESUMO

Little is known about the prevalence of self-neglect and its predictors among community-dwelling older adults living alone in China. The present study was conducted among 181 older adults living alone in Nanjing, China. Self-neglect was assessed using a self-neglect screening scale. Participants' sociodemographic data, social network, functional ability, cognitive function, and depression level were also collected through a set of questionnaires. The prevalence of self-neglect among this group of older adults was 23.2%, which is comparative to their counterparts in Korea and in the United States. Only depression (ß = 0.361, p < 0.001) and monthly income (ß = -0.159, p = 0.025) were identified as significant predictors of self-neglect, accounting for 27.1% of the variance. Understanding self-neglect and its predictive factors is essential to provide culturally relevant and tailored interventions to enhance the confidence and self-care abilities of older adults to maintain their health and well-being.


Assuntos
Depressão/psicologia , Vida Independente , Autonegligência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Cognição , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Cancer Nurs ; 41(2): 124-130, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28045700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide, and spiritual fulfillment such as experiencing meaning in life plays an important role in coping with the disease. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to explore and understand Chinese breast cancer survivors' perspective on meaning in life. METHODS: This study used Grounded Theory; 23 participants were recruited using convenience sampling, purposive sampling, and theoretical sampling. Semistructured interviews were conducted, and the data were analyzed using open coding, axial coding, and selective coding. RESULTS: A core category emerged as "satisfaction with my life" to explain Chinese breast cancer survivors' perspective of meaning in life, and 4 subcategories described the core category including (1) living a healthy and peaceful life, (2) having a good relationship with others, (3) achieving purpose in life, and (4) fulfilling responsibility. CONCLUSION: Chinese breast cancer survivors value physical health as well as spiritual fulfillment. The experience of adapting to life with cancer, having a good relationship with others, pursuing life goals, and fulfilling responsibility consists of a satisfying life, which makes life more meaningful. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Health providers should pay more attention to survivors' experience of meaning in life and help them enhance meaning in life and improve their quality of life through building good relationship with others, achieving purpose in life, and fulfilling responsibility for family and society.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Espiritualidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Teoria Fundamentada , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
J Clin Nurs ; 26(21-22): 3298-3304, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27878884

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop a Meaning in Life Scale for cancer patients in Chinese version and to test the validity and reliability. BACKGROUND: Meaning in life is a protective factor of psychological well-being and is negatively related to depression and demoralisation among cancer patients. The existing scales measuring meaning in life are mostly designed in English and there is no scale designed for Chinese cancer patients based on Chinese cultural background. DESIGN: Process of instrument development and psychometric evaluation were used. METHODS: Items were generated from literature review and a focus group interview. Delphi technique was used to test the content validity. Item analysis and exploratory factor analysis were performed with data from 251 cancer patients. The internal consistency of the scale was tested by Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: A 25-item Meaning in Life Scale in Chinese version with five domains was developed. The five factors explained 62·686% of the variance. The Cronbach's alpha for the total scale was 0·897. CONCLUSIONS: The Meaning in Life Scale in Chinese version has acceptable internal consistency reliability and good content validity and acceptable construct validity. The content of the scale reflected the attitudes of cancer patients towards meaning in life based on Chinese cultural background. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The Chinese version of Meaning in Life Scale for Cancer Patients appears to be a new scale to assess meaning in life among Chinese cancer patients exactly and the concept of meaning in life presented in this scale provides new ideas of meaning intervention in routine clinical practice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Características Culturais , Técnica Delfos , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções
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