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1.
Horm Metab Res ; 54(2): 76-83, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130568

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of thyroperoxidase antibody (TPOAb) and thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) on maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes in pregnant women. A total of 296 singleton pregnant women were classified into four groups according to the thyroid auto-antibody in the first trimester. Finally, there were 97 women in TPOAb positive group (TPOAb+/TgAb-), 35 in TgAb positive group (TPOAb-/TgAb+), 85 in TPOAb and TgAb positive group (TPOAb+/TgAb+), and 79 in TPOAb and TgAb negative group (TPOAb-/TgAb-). Thyroid function, TPOAb, and TgAb were checked during pregnancy and followed up at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months postpartum. Levothyroxine sodium tablets could be taken to maintain euthyroid antepartum. Thyroid function of women with postpartum thyroiditis (PPT) were followed up at 2 and 3 years postpartum. We observed the incidence of PPT, premature rupture of membranes (PROM), placental abruption, placenta previa, polyhydramnios, oligohydramnios, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm birth, and low birth Weight in the four groups. 19.93% of the women had PPT. The incidence of PPT in TPOAb+/TgAb-, TPOAb-/TgAb+, TPOAb+/TgAb+groups was significantly higher than that in TPOAb-/TgAb- group, respectively (16.49 vs. 6.33%, 22.86 vs. 6.33%, 35.29 vs. 6.33%, p <0.05). The incidence of PPT in TPOAb+/TgAb+group was significantly higher than that in TPOAb+/TgAb- group (35.29 vs. 16.49%, p <0.01). PPT occurred as early as 6 weeks postpartum, but mainly at 3 and 6 months postpartum in the four groups (62.50%, 75.00%, 70.00%, 80.00%). All PPT in TPOAb-/TgAb- group occurred within 6 months postpartum, while it was found at 9 months or 12 months postpartum in other three groups. There was no classical form of PPT in TPOAb-/TgAb- group, while in the other three groups, all three types (classical form, isolated thyrotoxicosis, isolated hypothyroidism) existed. At 2 years postpartum of the women with PPT, the rate of euthyroidism in TPOAb+/TgAb+group was significantly lower than that in TPOAb-/TgAb- group (p <0.05). At 3 years postpartum of the women with PPT, the rate of euthyroidism in TPOAb+/TgAb-, TPOAb-/TgAb+, and TPOAb+/TgAb+groups were significantly lower than that in TPOAb-/TgAb- group (p <0.05). The values of TPOAb and TgAb postpartum were significantly higher than those during pregnancy (p <0.05). The incidence of PROM in TPOAb+/TgAb- group was significantly higher than that in TPOAb-/TgAb- group (32.99 vs. 17.72%, p <0.05). The binary logistic regression for PPT showed that the OR value of TPOAb was 2.263 (95% CI 1.142-4.483, p=0.019). The OR value of TgAb was 3.112 (95% CI 1.700-5.697, p=0.000). In conclusion, pregnant women with positive thyroid auto-antibodies had an increased risk of PPT and a reduced rate of euthyroidism at 2 and 3 years postpartum. TPOAb is associated with the incidence of PROM. Both of TPOAb and TgAb were independent risk factors for PPT. TgAb deserves more attention when studying autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) combined with pregnancy.


Assuntos
Hipotireoidismo , Nascimento Prematuro , Autoanticorpos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido , Iodeto Peroxidase , Placenta , Gravidez , Gestantes , Tireoglobulina
2.
Front Neurol ; 13: 992851, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147038

RESUMO

Aims: To verify the association between leukocyte subpopulations and hematoma expansion (HE) determined by two definitions in Chinese individuals who experienced spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. Methods: We enrolled 471 patients. The 1/2ABC formula was used to gauge hematoma volume. The outcome was whether HE appeared within 72 h. We used Definition 1 (volume increase ≥6 mL or 33%) and Definition 2 (volume increase ≥12.5 mL or 33%) to define HE, respectively. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association between leukocyte subpopulations and HE. For statistically significant leukocyte subpopulations, we also performed subgroup analyses to assess differences between subgroups. Results: Among 471 patients, 131 (27.81%) and 116 (24.63%) patients experienced HE based on Definition 1 and Definition 2, respectively. After adjusting for confounding factors, elevated monocyte count was associated with a higher risk of HE-Definition 1 [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.45, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-5.88, P = 0.0450] and HE-Definition 2 (aOR 2.54, 95% CI 1.04-6.20, P = 0.0399). Additionally, we compared the results before and after adjusting for coagulation parameters. Monocyte count was significantly correlated with HE only after adjusting for coagulation parameters. Increased neutrophil count was associated with a lower risk of HE-Definition 1 (aOR 0.91, 95% CI 0.84-1.00, P = 0.0463). No correlations were observed between lymphocyte and leukocyte counts and HE (P > 0.05), and no subgroup interactions were observed (interaction P > 0.05). Conclusion: A higher monocyte count is associated with a higher HE risk regardless of the two definitions, after excluding the influence of the coagulation parameters, which facilitates risk stratification. Moreover, an increased neutrophil count is associated with a decreased risk of HE in the context of HE-Definition 1, which reflects the importance of standardizing the definition of HE.

3.
Soft Matter ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124911

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting technology, allowing rapid prototyping and personalized customization, has received much attention in recent years, while regenerated silk fibroin (RSF) has also been widely investigated for its excellent biocompatibility, processibility, and comprehensive mechanical properties. However, due to the difficulty in curing RSF aqueous solution and the tendency of conformational transition of RSF chains under shearing, it is rather complicated to fabricate RSF-based materials with high mechanical strength through extrusion bioprinting. To solve this problem, a printable hydrogel with thixotropy was prepared from regenerated silk fibroin with high-molecular-weight (HMWRSF) combined with a small amount of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) in urea containing aqueous solution. It was found that the introduction of urea could not only vary the solid content of the hydrogel to benefit the mechanical properties of the 3D-bioprinted pre-cured hydrogels or 3D-bioprinted sponges, but also expand the "printable window" of this system. Indeed, the printability and rheological properties could be modulated by varying the solid content, the heating time, the urea/HMWRSF weight ratio, etc. Moreover, the microstructure of nanospheres stacked in these lyophilized 3D-bioprinted sponges was interesting to observe, which indicated the existence of microhydrogels and both "the reversible network" and "the irreversible network" in this HMWRSF-based pre-cured hydrogel. Like other HMWRSF materials fabricated in other ways, these 3D-bioprinted HMWRSF-based sponges exhibited good cytocompatibility for dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells. This work may inspire the design of functional HMWRSF-based materials by regulating the relationship between structure and properties.

4.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 966348, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091821

RESUMO

Backgroud: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a typical neurodegenerative disease, which occurs in the elderly population. Alpiniae oxyphyllae Fructus (AOF) is a traditional Chinese medicine that has potential therapeutic effect on AD, but the mechanism behind it is unclear. Methods: Firstly, the main chemical components of AOF were identified by LC-MS, while the main active ingredients and targets were screened by TCMSP database. At the same time, AD-related target proteins were obtained using Genecards and OMIM databases. PPI was constructed by cross-linking AOF and AD targets, and GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were performed to identify the relevant biological processes and signaling pathways. Finally, based on the H2O2-stimulated PC12 cell, flow cytometry, WB and immunofluorescence experiments were performed to verify the protective effect of AOF on AD. Results: We identified 38 active ingredients with 662 non-repetitive targets in AOF, of which 49 were potential therapeutic AD targets of AOF. According to the GO and KEGG analysis, these potential targets are mainly related to oxidative stress and apoptosis. The role of AOF in the treatment of AD is mainly related to the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Protocatechuic acid and nootkatone might be the main active ingredients of AOF. In subsequent experiments, the results of CCK-8 showed that AOF mitigated PC12 cell damage induced by H2O2. Kits, flow cytometry, and laser confocal microscopy indicated that AOF could decrease ROS and increase the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), while AOF could also increase mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), thereby inhibiting apoptosis. Finally, immunofluorescence and WB results showed that AOF inhibited the expression of BAX and caspase-3 in PC12 cells, and promoted the expression of Bcl-2. At the same time, the phosphorylation levels of PI3K and Akt proteins were also significantly increased. Conclusion: This study suggests that AOF had the potential to treat AD by suppressing apoptosis induced by oxidative stress via the PI3K/Akt pathway.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 851(Pt 2): 158416, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049697

RESUMO

As an important component of terrestrial ecosystem, vegetation acts as a sensitive recorder of changes in hydroclimatic conditions. Long-term time series of remote sensing-based vegetation indices and their influencing environmental driving factors, such as human activities and climate change, have been widely discussed in the literature. Globally, however, little is known about the hydroclimatic processes controlling vegetation changes in mountainous regions, which are conceived as more sensitive to climate change than other landscapes. The present study aims to quantify the respective roles of two dominant hydroclimatic factors, namely, TWS (i.e., terrestrial water storage) and Tair (i.e., temperature), in the spatio-temporal changes of mountainous vegetation over global six contrasting climate zones (i.e., tropical, arid, subtropical, temperate, sub-frigid, and frigid zones) during the period 2003-2016 based on EVI (i.e., enhanced vegetation index), TWS, Tair, and elevation data. Results indicate that the mean EVI shows a larger increasing trend (+0.85 %/decade, p-value < 0.01) and a larger decreasing trend in TWS (-85 mm/decade, p-value < 0.01) across the global mountainous regions than other global regions combined together (+0.61 %/decade, p-value < 0.01), particularly over high latitudes. With the increasing latitudes, the positive effect of temperature more dominates mountainous vegetation growth than moisture, as evidenced by the increasing trends of EVI with warming. However, in certain low-latitude mountainous regions (e.g., East Africa, South Asia, the western Tibetan Plateau, Brazil Plateau, and the southern Rocky Mountains), mountainous vegetation may face degradation due to water deficit induced by increased snowmelt, especially among the high-elevation ecosystems. The water availability controls vegetation activities more than Tair in the mid- and low-latitude regions, including the tropical, arid, and subtropical climate zones. These findings indicate that the potential shifts in mountainous vegetation may occur under the notable interactions with hydroclimatic factors, as the high-latitudes are experiencing ongoing warming and the mid- and low-latitudes are getting dryer.

7.
Front Neurol ; 13: 922199, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36158963

RESUMO

The cause of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus's (iNPH) clinical symptoms remains unclear. The cerebral cortex is the center of the brain and provides a structural basis for complex perception and motor function. This study aimed to explore the relationship between changes in cerebral cortex volume and clinical symptoms in patients with iNPH. This study included 21 iNPH patients and 20 normal aging (NA) controls. Voxel-based morphometry statistical results showed that, compared with NA, the gray matter volumes of patients with iNPH in the bilateral temporal lobe, bilateral hippocampus, bilateral thalamus, bilateral insula, left amygdala, right lenticular nucleus, right putamen, and cerebellum decreased, while the volumes of gray matter in the bilateral paracentral lobules, precuneus, bilateral supplementary motor area, medial side of the left cerebral hemisphere, and median cingulate and paracingulate gyri increased. Correlation analysis among the volumes of white matter and gray matter in the cerebrum and cerebellum and the iNPH grading scale (iNPHGS) revealed that the volume of white matter was negatively correlated with the iNPHGS (P < 0.05), while the gray matter volumes of cerebellar area 6 and area 8 were negatively correlated with the clinical symptoms of iNPH (P < 0.05). The volume of gray matter in the cerebellar vermis was negatively correlated with gait, and the gray matter volume of cerebellar area 6 was negatively correlated with cognition. Our findings suggest that the cerebellum also plays an important role in the pathogenesis of iNPH, potentially highlighting new research avenues for iNPH.

8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(17): 4551-4559, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36164859

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is one of the main causes of death and long-term disability worldwide, which seriously affects the quality of life of patients and brings a heavy economic burden to families and society. Epidemiological studies have shown that stroke has become the second leading cause of death and major disabling disease in the world, with the characteristics of high morbidity, high recurrence, and high mortality. Epigenetic mechanism is the molecular process where gene expression and function in each cell are dynamically regulated and interconnected and a biological mechanism that changes genetic performance without changing the DNA sequence, including DNA methylation, histone modifications, and non-coding RNA. However, the research on epigenetics is currently focused on other diseases such as tumors. Recent studies have found that epigenetics has received extensive attention in the past few decades as a key factor involved in the pathophysiological process of ischemic stroke. The present study introduced the mediation of epigenetics in the induction of stroke, summarized the potential drug targets for these mechanisms in the treatment of stroke, and further explored the significance of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) against cerebral ischemia injury based on TCM classification of stroke.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/genética , Qualidade de Vida , RNA não Traduzido/genética , RNA não Traduzido/metabolismo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética
9.
Apoptosis ; 2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36038736

RESUMO

Glioma is the most common brain cancer with a poor prognosis, and its underlying molecular mechanisms still needs to be further explored. In the current study, we discovered that an antisense lncRNA, CACNA1C-AS2, suppressed growth, migration and invasion of glioma cells, suggesting that CACNA1C-AS2 functions as a tumor suppressor. Furthermore, we found that CACNA1C-AS2 negatively regulated Fbxo45 protein expression in glioma cells. Impressively, extensive experimental results revealed that Fbxo45 accelerated growth, migration and invasion of glioma cells. Clinically, increased Fbxo45 expression was observed in 75 human glioma tissue samples. Moreover, in vivo experiments also demonstrated that Fbxo45 overexpression enhanced tumor growth in mice. Especially, we further identified that Fbxo45 activated mTORC1 rather than mTORC2 through PI3K/AKT signaling to promote cell growth and motility in glioma cells. Rescue experiments also exhibited that CACNA1C-AS2 inhibited cell growth and motility partly through down-regulating Fbxo45 expression in glioma. Our results provide the novel insights into the critical role of CACNA1C-AS2/Fbxo45/mTOR axis involved in regulating glioma tumorigenesis and progression, and further indicate that CACNA1C-AS2 and Fbxo45 may be the potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for glioma.

10.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 809, 2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36002815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study is aimed to investigate retrospectively the radiographic and clinical outcomes in children and young adults with cerebral palsy (CP) undergoing periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) with or without femoral osteotomy (FO) for hip subluxation. METHODS: A consecutive cohort of twenty-one patients (23 hips) with symptomatic CP hip subluxation were treated with PAO with or without FO and reviewed retrospectively. Two patients (2 hips) were excluded due to insufficient follow-up and lost to follow-up, respectively. The Reimers migration percentage, lateral center-edge angle (LCEA), Sharp angle, neck-shaft angle (NSA), femoral anteversion (FNA), Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and hip pain were assessed. RESULTS: Twenty-one hips (19 patients) with CP treated with PAO with or without FO were included. Five hips received PAO. Sixteen hips underwent PAO with FO. Mean age at surgery was 19 ± 6 and 15 ± 4 years for PAO and PAO plus FO, respectively. Mean follow-up was 44.0 ± 28.3 months for PAO and 41.5 ± 17.2 months for PAO + FO. All hips were painful before surgery and painless at final visits. The GMFCS improved by one level in 10 of 19 patients. There was significant increase in LCEA (p < 0.001) and decrease in the Reimer's MP (p < 0.001), NSA (p < 0.001) and Tonnis angle(p < 0.001) postoperatively. Resubluxation occurred in 7 hips (30%) due to insufficient correction and loosening of fixation. Nervus cutaneus femoris lateralis was impaired in 4 patients after surgery. There was no avascular necrosis of the femoral head, resubluxation or infection. CONCLUSION: PAO with or without FO can be effective for children and young adults with concomitant hip subluxation and CP.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Luxação do Quadril , Luxações Articulares , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Paralisia Cerebral/complicações , Paralisia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Paralisia Cerebral/cirurgia , Criança , Fêmur/cirurgia , Luxação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxação do Quadril/etiologia , Luxação do Quadril/cirurgia , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Luxações Articulares/etiologia , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Nat Genet ; 54(8): 1167-1177, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915169

RESUMO

To identify new susceptibility loci to lung cancer among diverse populations, we performed cross-ancestry genome-wide association studies in European, East Asian and African populations and discovered five loci that have not been previously reported. We replicated 26 signals and identified 10 new lead associations from previously reported loci. Rare-variant associations tended to be specific to populations, but even common-variant associations influencing smoking behavior, such as those with CHRNA5 and CYP2A6, showed population specificity. Fine-mapping and expression quantitative trait locus colocalization nominated several candidate variants and susceptibility genes such as IRF4 and FUBP1. DNA damage assays of prioritized genes in lung fibroblasts indicated that a subset of these genes, including the pleiotropic gene IRF4, potentially exert effects by promoting endogenous DNA damage.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética
13.
Virus Res ; 320: 198896, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35977626

RESUMO

Spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) usually be considered as one of the serious in viral diseases of aquaculture, and DNA vaccine with novel delivery mechanism or adjuvant has proven to be a promising and effective strategy to control aquatic animal diseases. In this study, the mannose-modified chitosan, a carrier system for vaccine delivery, were used to developed a chitosan-encapsulated DNA vaccine (CS-M-G) against SVCV, then investigated immune response induced by the vaccine. Our results showed that CS-M-G was confirmed the spherical or elliptical with even distribution and ranging from approximately 50 to 150 nm in size, the expression of the antigen gene could still be detected after 21 d post vaccination. The CS-M-G induces the highest antibody levels in the 20 µg dose group which is about 3 times than naked plasmid group at 21 d post vaccination, and still hold a higher level than control group at 28 d post vaccination. On the side, strongest protection with relative percent survival of 62.1% in the 20 µg CS-M-G group, which could produce significantly higher enzyme activities and up-regulated expression of immune-associated genes than control group. Thus, our results indicate that DNA vaccine loaded with mannose-modified chitosan induces strong immune response and provided an effective protection against SVCV infection, may be helpful and extended for developing more aquatic animal vaccines in the future.


Assuntos
Carpas , Quitosana , Doenças dos Peixes , Vacinas de DNA , Vacinas Virais , Animais , Manose , Rhabdoviridae , Viremia/prevenção & controle
14.
Transl Res ; 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35952983

RESUMO

Human body fluids have become an indispensable resource for clinical research, diagnosis and prognosis. Urine is widely used to discover disease-specific glycoprotein biomarkers because of its recurrently non-invasive collection and disease-indicating properties. While urine is an unstable fluid in that its composition changes with ingested nutrients and further as it is excreted through micturition, urinary proteins are more stable and their abnormal glycosylation is associated with diseases. It is known that aberrant glycosylation can define tumor malignancy and indicate disease initiation and progression. However, a thorough and translational survey of urinary glycosylation in diseases has not been performed. In this article, we evaluate the clinical applications of urine, introduce methods for urine glycosylation analysis, and discuss urine glycoprotein biomarkers. We emphasize the importance of mining urinary glycoproteins and searching for disease-specific glycosylation in various diseases (including cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, and viral infections). With advances in mass spectrometry-based glycomics/glycoproteomics/glycopeptidomics, characterization of disease-specific glycosylation will optimistically lead to the discovery of disease-related urinary biomarkers with better sensitivity and specificity in the near future.

15.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(17): 12584-12591, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35973026

RESUMO

Complete ammonia oxidation (i.e., comammox) is a newly discovered microbial process performed by a subset of the Nitrospira genus, and this unique microbial process has been ubiquitously detected in various wastewater treatment units. However, the operational conditions favoring comammox prevalence remain unclear. In this study, the dominance of comammox Nitrospira in four sponge biofilm reactors fed with low-strength ammonium (NH4+ = 23 ± 3 mg N/L) wastewater was proved by coupling 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and metagenomic sequencing. The results showed that comammox Nitrospira dominated in the nitrifying guild over canonical ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) constantly, despite the significant variation in the residual ammonium concentration (0.01-15 mg N/L) under different sets of operating conditions. This result indicates that sponge biofilms greatly favor retaining comammox Nitrospira in wastewater treatment and highlights an essential role of biomass retention in the comammox prevalence. Moreover, analyses of the assembled metagenomic sequences revealed that the retrieved amoA gene sequences affiliated with comammox Nitrospira (53.9-66.0% read counts of total amoA gene reads) were always higher than those (28.4-43.4%) related to ß-proteobacterial AOB taxa. The comammox Nitrospira bacteria detected in the present biofilm systems were close to clade A Candidatus Nitrospira nitrosa.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Nitrificação , Amônia , Archaea , Bactérias/genética , Reatores Biológicos , Oxirredução , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
17.
Support Care Cancer ; 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939237

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the prognostic value of the controlling nutritional status score (CONUT) in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). METHODS: The clinical data of 81 newly diagnosed MDS patients treated with decitabine in the hematology ward of our hospital from October 2009 to September 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the ROC curve of overall survival (OS), the best cutoff value of CONUT was obtained. MDS patients were divided into high CONUT score group and low CONUT score group according to the best cut-off value, and their clinical characteristics and survival were analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 81 patients with MDS, there were 32 cases in the high CONUT score group and 49 cases in low CONUT score group. Compared with the low CONUT group, the high CONUT group had lower levels of hemoglobin, lymphocyte count, albumin, and total cholesterol (P = 0.037, < 0.001, 0.009, < 0.001). The median OS of low and high CONUT groups were 17.2 and 11.0 months (P = 0.017). According to the results of univariate and multivariate survival analysis of OS, thrombocytopenia, high CONUT score, and medium and high risk IPSS-R score were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: High CONUT score is associated with low hemoglobin in patients with MDS. High CONUT score indicates poor OS and it is an independent prognostic factor in patients with MDS.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35943648

RESUMO

The hydrological exchange process between Poyang Lake (PYL), the largest freshwater lake in China, and the Yangtze River leads to drastic changes in water area (WA) and water level (WL), as well as apparent fluctuations in lake nutrients, algal organisms, and trophic level index. This study investigated the current status of the PYL water environment and the influence of hydrological changes on the nutrient status of the floodplain of the lake. Based on monthly measured data from six hydrological stations from 2016 to 2019, it was hypothesized that WA and WL were the key regulators of the spatial and temporal distribution patterns of lake water quality and algal growth, including water temperature, water clarity (Secchi depth [SD]), and nutrient levels. The results revealed that (1) the spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of major nutrients in PYL were influenced by dynamic changes in hydrological characteristics (SD, total nitrogen [TN], and total phosphorus [TP]); (2) the eutrophication level in PYL has been in a steady state in recent years, while the central area has been more prone to the risk of eutrophication (e.g., the peak eutrophication index during Period 1 [January to April] in the water near the Duchang station reached 70); and (3) there were significant correlations among environmental variables, nutrients, and algal organisms, with different spatial and temporal distribution characteristics (p < 0.05), while the changes in WA and WL considerably influenced the water environment in the PYL.

19.
J Fish Dis ; 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35944110

RESUMO

The disease caused by Micropterus salmoides rhabdovirus (MSRV) has brought substantial economic losses to the largemouth bass aquaculture industry in China. Vaccination was considered as a potential way to prevent and control this disease. As a kind of sustained and controlled release system, alginate and chitosan microspheres (SA-CS) are widely used in the development of oral vaccination for fish. Here, we prepared a king of alginate-chitosan composite microsphere to encapsulate the second segment of MSRV glycoprotein (G2 protein) and then evaluated the immune effect of the microsphere vaccine on largemouth bass. Largemouth bass were vaccinated via intragastric immunization by different treatments (PBS, SA-CS, G2 and SA-CS-G2). The results showed that a stronger immune response including serum antibody levels, immune-related physiological indexes (acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, superoxide dismutase and total antioxidant capacity) and the expression of immune-related gene (IgM、IL-8、IL-1ß、CD4、TGF-ß、TNF-α) can be induced obviously with SA-CS-G2 groups compared with G2 groups when fish were vaccinated. Furthermore, fish were injected with a lethal dose of MSRV after immunization for 28 days, and the highest relative percentage survival (54.8%) was observed in SA-CS-G2 group (40 µg per fish), which is significantly higher than that of G2 group (25.8%). This study showed that alginate-chitosan microspheres as the vaccine carrier can effectively improve the immune effect of oral vaccination and induce better immune protection effect against MSRV infection.

20.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 45(10): 1673-1682, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964262

RESUMO

Polymalic acid (PMA) is a water-soluble polyester produced by Aureobasidium pullulans. In this study, the physiological response of A. pullulans after the addition of vegetable oils was investigated. Soybean oil (SBO) is pivotal for shortening fermentation time and achieving high PMA titer. With the addition of 1% (w/v) SBO, the titer and productivity of PMA was, respectively, increased by 34.2% and 80%. SBO acted as a chemical stimulatory agent rather than a carbon source, the enhancement on PMA production was attributed to the component of fatty acid. SBO induced the dimorphism (yeast-like cells and mycelia) of A. pullulans, in vitro enzyme activities indicated that the TCA oxidative branch for malic acid synthesis might be strengthened, which could generate more ATP for PMA synthesis, and the assay of intracellular energy supply validated this deduction. This study provided a new sight for recognizing the regulatory behavior of SBO in A. pullulans.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Óleo de Soja , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Aureobasidium , Carbono/farmacologia , Ácidos Graxos , Fermentação , Malatos/farmacologia , Poliésteres , Polímeros , Óleo de Soja/farmacologia , Água
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