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1.
J Natl Compr Canc Netw ; 17(10): 1174-1183, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Differences between the features of primary cancer and matched metastatic cancer have recently drawn attention in research. This study investigated the concordance in microsatellite instability (MSI) and mismatch repair (MMR) status between primary and corresponding metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Consecutive patients with metastatic CRC who had both primary and metastatic tumors diagnosed at our institution in January 2008 through December 2016 were identified. Immunohistochemistry was used to test the MMR status of both primary and matched metastatic tumors, and PCR analysis was performed to test MSI in patients with deficient MMR (dMMR) status. RESULTS: A total of 369 patients were included. Of the 46 patients with MSI-high primary tumors, 37 (80.4%) also had MSI-high metastatic tumors, whereas 9 (19.6%) had microsatellite stable (MSS) metastatic tumors. A high concordance was found in patients with liver, lung, or distant lymph node metastases. Interestingly, the discrepancy was more likely to be limited to peritoneal (5/20) or ovarian (4/4) metastasis (chi-square test, P<.001). These organ-specific features were also found in the pooled analysis. Along with the change of MSI-high in primary cancer to MSS in metastatic cancer, lymphocyte infiltration decreased significantly (P=.008). However, the change did not influence survival; the median overall survival of MSI-high and MSS metastatic tumors was 21.3 and 21.6 months, respectively (P=.774). The discrepancy rate was 1.6% for patients with proficient MMR primary tumors. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with dMMR primary tumors, the concordance of MSI and MMR status in primary CRC and corresponding metastatic cancer is potentially organ-specific. High concordance is found in liver, lung, and distant lymph node metastases, whereas discrepancy is more likely to occur in peritoneal or ovarian metastasis. Rebiopsy to evaluate MSI-high/dMMR status might be needed during the course of anti-PD-1 therapy in cases of peritoneal or ovarian metastasis.

2.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4695, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619685

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been implicated in cancer progression through largely unknown mechanisms. Herein, we identify an N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modified circRNA, circNSUN2, frequently upregulated in tumor tissues and serum samples from colorectal carcinoma (CRC) patients with liver metastasis (LM) and predicts poorer patient survival. The upregulated expression of circNSUN2 promotes LM in PDX metastasis models in vivo and accelerates cancer cells invasion in vitro. Importantly, N6-methyladenosine modification of circNSUN2 increases export to the cytoplasm. By forming a circNSUN2/IGF2BP2/HMGA2 RNA-protein ternary complex in the cytoplasm, circNSUN2 enhances the stability of HMGA2 mRNA to promote CRC metastasis progression. Clinically, the upregulated expressions of circNSUN2 and HMGA2 are more prevalent in LM tissues than in primary CRC tissues. These findings elucidate that N6-methyladenosine modification of circNSUN2 modulates cytoplasmic export and stabilizes HMGA2 to promote CRC LM, and suggest that circNSUN2 could represent a critical prognostic marker and/or therapeutic target for the disease.

3.
J Clin Invest ; 130: 4850-4862, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408442

RESUMO

Checkpoint blockade antibodies have been approved as immunotherapy for multiple types of cancer, but the response rate and efficacy are still limited. There are few immunogenic cell death (ICD)-inducing drugs available that can kill cancer cells, enhance tumor immunogenicity, increase the in vivo immune infiltration, and thereby boosting a tumor response to immunotherapy. So far, the ICD markers have been identified as the few immuno-stimulating characteristics of dead cells, but whether the presence of such ICD markers on tumor cells translates into enhanced antitumor immunity in vivo is still investigational. To identify anticancer drugs that could induce tumor cell death and boost T cell response, we performed drug screenings based on both an ICD reporter assay and T cell activation assay. We identified that teniposide, a DNA topoisomerase II inhibitor, could induce high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) release and type I interferon signaling in tumor cells, and teniposide-treated tumor cells could activate antitumor T cell response both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, teniposide induced tumor cell DNA damage and innate immune signaling including NF-κB activation and STING-dependent type I interferon signaling, both of which contribute to the activation of dendritic cells and subsequent T cells. Furthermore, teniposide potentiated the antitumor efficacy of anti-PD1 on multiple types of mouse tumor models. Our findings showed that teniposide could trigger tumor immunogenicity, and enabled a potential chemo-immunotherapeutic approach to potentiate the therapeutic efficacy of anti-PD1 immunotherapy.

4.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(15): 1840-1853, 2019 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31057298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the main causes of cancer-related deaths in China and around the world. Advanced CRC (ACRC) patients suffer from a low cure rate though treated with targeted therapies. The response rate is about 50% to chemotherapy and cetuximab, a monoclonal antibody targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and used for ACRC with wild-type KRAS. It is important to identify more predictors of cetuximab efficacy to further improve precise treatment. Autophagy, showing a key role in the cancer progression, is influenced by the EGFR pathway. Whether autophagy can predict cetuximab efficacy in ACRC is an interesting topic. AIM: To investigate the effect of autophagy on the efficacy of cetuximab in colon cancer cells and ACRC patients with wild-type KRAS. METHODS: ACRC patients treated with cetuximab plus chemotherapy, with detailed data and tumor tissue, at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 1, 2005, to October 1, 2015, were studied. Expression of autophagy-related proteins [Beclin1, microtubule-associated protein 1A/B-light chain 3 (LC3), and 4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1)] was examined by Western blot in CRC cells and by immunohistochemistry in cancerous and normal tissues. The effect of autophagy on cetuximab-treated cancer cells was confirmed by MTT assay. The associations between Beclin1, LC3, and 4E-BP1 expression in tumor tissue and the efficacy of cetuximab-based therapy were analyzed. RESULTS: In CACO-2 cells exposed to cetuximab, LC3 and 4E-BP1 were upregulated, and P62 was downregulated. Autophagosome formation was observed, and autophagy increased the efficacy of cetuximab. In 68 ACRC patients, immunohistochemistry showed that Beclin1 levels were significantly correlated with those of LC3 (0.657, P < 0.001) and 4E-BP1 (0.211, P = 0.042) in ACRC tissues. LC3 was significantly overexpressed in tumor tissues compared to normal tissues (P < 0.001). In 45 patients with wild-type KRAS, the expression levels of these three proteins were not related to progression-free survival; however, the expression levels of Beclin1 (P = 0.010) and 4E-BP1 (P = 0.005), pathological grade (P = 0.002), and T stage (P = 0.004) were independent prognostic factors for overall survival (OS). CONCLUSION: The effect of cetuximab on colon cancer cells might be improved by autophagy. LC3 is overexpressed in tumor tissues, and Beclin1 and 4E-BP1 could be significant predictors of OS in ACRC patients treated with cetuximab.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Autofagia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Cetuximab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Proteína Beclina-1/metabolismo , Cetuximab/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Regulação para Baixo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
5.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(14): 4530-4541, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30940655

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy induces durable tumor regressions in a minority of patients with cancer. In this study, we aimed to identify kinase inhibitors that were capable of increasing the antimelanoma immunity. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Flow cytometry-based screening was performed to identify kinase inhibitors that can block the IFNγ-induced PD-L1 expression in melanoma cells. The pharmacologic activities of regorafenib alone or in combination with immunotherapy in vitro and in vivo were determined. The mechanisms of regorafenib were explored and analyzed in melanoma patients treated with or without anti-PD-1 using The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets. RESULTS: Through screening of a kinase inhibitor library, we found approximately 20 agents that caused more than half reduction of cell surface PD-L1 level, and regorafenib was one of the most potent agents. Furthermore, our results showed that regorafenib, in vitro and in vivo, strongly promoted the antitumor efficacy when combined with IFNγ or ICB. By targeting the RET-Src axis, regorafenib potently inhibited JAK1/2-STAT1 and MAPK signaling and subsequently attenuated the IFNγ-induced PD-L1 and IDO1 expression without affecting MHC-I expression much. Moreover, RET and Src co-high expression was an independent unfavorable prognosis factor in melanoma patients with or without ICB through inhibiting the antitumor immune response. CONCLUSIONS: Our data unveiled a new mechanism of alleviating IFNγ-induced PD-L1 and IDO1 expression and provided a rationale to explore a novel combination of ICB with regorafenib clinically, especially in melanoma with RET/Src axis activation.

6.
J Transl Med ; 16(1): 273, 2018 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30286769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation and immune dysfunction has been proved to be significantly associated with cancer progression and metastasis in many cancer types, including colorectal cancer. We examined the prognostic significance of the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and the relationship between the lymphocytic response to the tumor and this index. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 240 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed stage IV mCRC who underwent surgical resection. The SII values were calculated based on preoperative laboratory data regarding platelet, neutrophil, and lymphocyte counts. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes were evaluated using the surgical specimens. The overall survival and their 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were estimated by regression analyses and the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up of 26.7 (1.1-92.4) months, 146 patients (60.8%) died. In the univariate analysis, a high SII was significantly associated with poor overall survival (P = 0.009). The multivariable analysis also confirmed that a high SII was independently associated with poor overall survival (hazard ratio: 1.462, 95% confidence interval 1.049-2.038, P = 0.025). The SII value was significantly correlated with the TILs value at the tumor's center (P = 0.04), but not at the invasive margin (P = 0.39). When we evaluated overall survival for groupings of the tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and SII values, we identified three distinct prognostic groups. The group with low tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte values and high SII values had the worst prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: A high SII value independently predicts poor clinical outcomes among patients with mCRC. In addition, combining the lymphocytic response to the tumor and SII could further enhance prognostication for mCRC.

7.
Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 3589-3597, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30271207

RESUMO

Purpose: Tumor vessels supported by perivascular cells have been implicated in the failure of some anti-angiogenic agents. The relationship between perivascular cell coverage (PC) and bevacizumab efficacy in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) was analyzed. Patients and methods: A total of 284 consecutive mCRC patients who received first-line chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab from 2007-2014 in Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center were analyzed. Immunohistochemical double-stain for the perivascular cell marker alpha-smooth muscle actin and endothelial cell (cluster of differentiation 31) was performed to characterize the intratumoral microvascular density. Multispectral image capturing and computerized image analyses were used to quantify the microvessels supported by the perivascular cells. The patients were divided into high and low PC group according to a median cutoff value of 0.55. Results: No significant differences in overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were noted between the high and low PC group. In the low PC group, the patients with bevacizumab treatment had favorable OS (P=0.03), but without PFS benefit. In the high PC group, neither OS nor PFS was significantly different between the B+C and C subgroup. Tumors with perineural invasion had high PC (P=0.03). Conclusion: The data showed that a low PC value could be a predictor for bevacizumab benefit.

8.
J Cancer ; 9(17): 3093-3100, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30210632

RESUMO

Purpose: Mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR) colorectal cancer (CRC) is associated with increased local immune response as compared with mismatch repair-proficient (pMMR) CRC. We evaluated the relationship between MMR status and systemic inflammatory factors, including neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and C-reactive protein (CRP). We also assessed the prognostic value of these parameters. Methods and materials: We analysed the relationship between MMR status (obtained by histochemical analysis), neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, NLR, and CRP level. The impact of systemic inflammatory factors on survival was also evaluated in dMMR and pMMR CRC patients. Results: A total of 1353 male and 892 female patients were eligible for analysis, of which, 253 patients (11.3%) were found to have dMMR status. Patients with dMMR status presented with increased neutrophil counts, and higher NLR and CRP levels in early stage CRC. In stage IV CRC patients, no correlation between MMR status and systemic inflammatory factors was found. Lymphocyte counts did not correlate with MMR status. High NLR was a prognostic factor for poor survival in pMMR CRC. However, NLR was not a prognostic factor in dMMR CRC. Conclusions: Our results suggest that dMMR CRC correlates with higher neutrophil count, NLR and CRP levels only in non-metastatic patients, and NLR has prognostic value only in pMMR CRC.

9.
Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 2499-2507, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30122999

RESUMO

Background: Skeletal muscle depletion is a prognostic factor in patients with cancer. Here, we evaluated the association between the skeletal muscle index (SMI) and local and systemic responses in patients with colon cancer. Patients and methods: We analyzed the relationships of the SMI with neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, and platelet counts; the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio; albumin levels; and C-reactive protein levels in a cohort of 561 patients, and with the circulating levels of 39 cytokines in a cohort of 125 patients. We also studied the association between the SMI and tumor local inflammatory response and the effect of SMI on survival. Results: The median SMIs for male and female subjects were 44.1 and 34.2 cm2/m2, respectively. We observed positive correlations of the SMI with neutrophil (p=0.022), lymphocyte (p=0.001), and monocyte counts (p=0.003). A low SMI correlated significantly with an increased platelet count (p=0.017), decreased albumin level (p=0.006), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio >3 (p=0.021), and an increased interferon γ-induced protein 10 level (IP-10, r = -0.276, p=0.002). The SMI did not correlate significantly with local inflammatory reactions or the C-reactive protein level. Finally, the SMI was a significant prognosticator in patients with stage III colon cancer (3-year disease-free survival rates: 35.1% for the low SMI arms versus 46.0% in the high SMI arms; HR =2.036; p=0.034). Conclusion: This study highlights the association of a low SMI with a high systematic inflammatory response and IP-10 levels. Furthermore, low SMI is a predictor of poor disease-free survival in patients with stage III colon cancer.

10.
J Transl Med ; 16(1): 195, 2018 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30005666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR) status is a promising candidate for targeted immune checkpoint inhibition therapy in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, however, the potential immunological mechanism has not yet been well clarified and some other predictors need to be excavated as well. METHODS: We collected 330 CRC patients by the match of mismatch repair-proficient (167) and dMMR (163), explored the relationship between MMR status and some important immune molecules including MHC class I, CD3, CD4, CD8, CD56, programmed death-1 and programmed death ligand-1, and investigated the risk factors for dMMR status as well as low MHC class I expression. The Pearson Chi square test was used for analyzing the associations between clinicopathological and immune characteristics and MMR status, and two categories logistic regression model was used for univariate and multivariate analysis to predict the odds ratio of risk factors for dMMR status and low MHC class I expression. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that low MHC class I and CD4 expression and high CD8 expression were significant risk factors for dMMR status [odds ratio (OR) = 24.66, 2.94 and 2.97, respectively; all p < 0.05] and dMMR status was the only risk factor for low MHC class I expression (OR = 15.34; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: High CD8 and low MHC class I expression suggests the contradiction and complexity of immune microenvironment in dMMR CRC patients. Some other immunocytes such as CD56+ cells might also participate in the process of immune checkpoint inhibition, whereas needs further investigations.

11.
Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 1597-1604, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29950897

RESUMO

Background: The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship among the number of negative lymph nodes (LNs), the local and systemic immune response, and survival in patients with colon cancer. Patients and methods: One thousand one hundred and fifty-seven patients with colon cancer who underwent surgery at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 2009 and 2014 were included. We examined negative LNs in relation to the local and systemic immune response, including percentage carcinoma, neutrophil and lymphocyte infiltration, Crohn's-like reaction, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, platelets, and C-reactive protein (CRP). Disease-free survival and overall survival were also examined. We performed subgroup analysis based on the distribution of negative LNs. Results: An increased number of negative LNs was associated with greater neutrophil invasion (p=0.001), more lymphocyte invasion (p=0.001), and more Crohn's-like reaction (p=0.001). No significant correlation was observed between negative LNs and the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio. More than 12 negative LNs were associated with increased platelets and CRP levels. A higher number of negative LNs was independently associated with longer disease-free survival in stage I+II patients (p=0.004) and stage III patients (p=0.015), while negative LNs were also independent prognostic factors in stage IV patients (p=0.007). Conclusion: Our study suggests that negative LNs are indicators of the immune response and are associated with a better prognosis in patients with colon cancer.

12.
Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 1365-1375, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29881307

RESUMO

Background: Although tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have been understood for years as a favorable prognostic factor for colorectal cancers (CRCs) after complete surgical resection, its prognostic role in metastatic CRC (mCRC) remains poorly defined, and it is largely unknown how this prognostic benefit relates to the metastatic status and operation modality. Materials and methods: After reviewing 2215 consecutive cases of surgically resected CRC, 332 patients newly diagnosed with stage IV CRC and treated at the Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center between 2009 and 2014 were included. H&E-stained (HES) slides from surgical specimens were evaluated for the extent of TILs. The primary end point was overall survival (OS). Cox proportional hazards regression was conducted to determine the prognostic significance of TILs. All statistical tests were 2-sided. Results: HES slides from primary tumor samples were evaluable for 302 of the 332 included cases. Among the 302 patients, 105 patients (34.8%) were classified as high TIL, the remaining 197 (65.2%) were defined as low TIL. In the univariate analysis, TILs were significantly associated with better OS (P=0.015). Multivariable analysis confirmed that high TIL strongly predicted better survival (hazard ratio =0.62, 95% CI: 0.44-0.89, P=0.008), independent of other patients' clinicopathological characteristics. Stratified analysis revealed a prognostic benefit of high TIL for patients in the subgroup with non-oligometastatic disease (P=0.002), ≥2 metastatic organs (P=0.006), and non-metastasectomy (P=0.005). By contrast, oligometastatic disease, 1 metastatic organ, or metastasectomy fully abrogated the prognostic effect of TIL. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the level of TILs can be used to predict the outcome for patients with mCRC; however, the operation modality and the metastatic status of patients should also be taken into account.

13.
Oncotarget ; 8(58): 99136-99149, 2017 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29228759

RESUMO

Background: Current opinions on the benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy for stage II colon cancer are divided and reformative election of these patients is required. We examined whether the primary tumor location based on mismatch repair status and other risk factors could better inform the current guideline. Materials and Methods: A total of 673 consecutive patients with stage II colon cancer were included in the analysis. Differences in the common clinicopathological factors between left-sided colon cancer and right-sided colon cancer were analyzed using Fisher's exact analysis. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to distinguish the survival difference by primary tumor location and/or MMR status. Results: RCC had a shorter overall survival (P = 0.001) and Disease-free survival (P = 0.050) than LCC but was associated with survival benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy (P = 0.001 and P = 0.011 for OS and DFS, respectively). Mismatch repair-proficient had a shorter OS (P = 0.036) and disease free survival (P = 0.034) than mismatch-repair deficient but chemotherapy improved the OS (P = 0.007). When the primary tumor location and MMR status were combined, the PMMR/RCC was the only subgroup that could benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy (P < 0.001 and P = 0.002 for OS and DFS, respectively). Other tumors such as DMMR/RCC, DMMR/LCC, and PMMR/LCC did not benefit. Conclusions: The observed survival benefits in PMMR/RCC patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy will allow better selection of patients for chemotherapy who are in stage II.

14.
BMC Cancer ; 17(1): 873, 2017 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29262803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Right-sided colon cancer (RCC) and left-sided colon cancer (LCC) differ with respect to their biology and genomic patterns, but inflammatory index variation did not fully investigate. This study aimed to examine the difference of inflammatory indexes and its value between RCC and LCC. METHODS: The differences of common clinicopathologic factors, inflammatory indexes including PLR (Platelet lymphocyte ratio) between LCC and RCC were analyzed in the training cohort with logistic regression model, subsequently, confirmed in validation cohort. Kaplan-Meier analysis was applied for the analysis of the survival difference distinguished by the PLR and the Nonparametric Test was adopted to demonstrate the difference of PLR variation with the standard TNM classification between RCC and LCC. RESULTS: A total of 1846 CRC patients entered the study, 744 (40.3%) patients were RCC, 1102 (59.7%) were LCC. The patients' number in both cohorts was 923. It was found that LCC patients in the training cohort significantly to be with higher CEA, adenocarcinoma, early UICC/AJCC stage, p-MMR (mismatch-repair proficient), and lower PLR, and the later four features were confirm in validation cohort. Higher PLR, the unique inflammatory index, was significantly associated with poorer OS in LCC cohort (P = 0.002) and was elevated with the TNM stage in the LCC patients (P < 0.001), however, the two relationships did not sustain in RCC patients. CONCLUSION: Expect the classical characteristics, PLR, an inexpensive and easily assessable inflammatory index was found first time to be significant differ between LCC and RCC. Further, elevated PLR associated with poor OS (overall survival) in the LCC and more common in advanced TNM stage.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Plaquetas/patologia , Quimiorradioterapia/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Linfócitos/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Neoplasias do Colo/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
J Cancer ; 8(17): 3548-3554, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29151940

RESUMO

Background: Given recent results indicating that diminished LKB1 expression in laryngeal cancer correlates with shorter survival. We aim to perform an analysis estimate the role of decreased liver kinase B1(LKB1) and in the prognostication of human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Methods: We conducted a retrospective study and evaluate the expression of LKB1 and p16INK4a (p16) in 208 clinical advanced-stage LSCC tissue samples by using immunohistochemistry. The specimens were received at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (Guangzhou, China). To evaluate the independent prognostic relevance of LKB1, univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used, overall survival (OS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) were compared using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Immunohistochemical analyses revealed that 80/208 (38.5%) of the LSCC tissue samples expressed high LKB1. Low LKB1 expression was associated with a significantly shorter OS and DMFS than high LKB1 expression (P = 0.041 and 0.028, respectively; log-rank test), and there was a poorer OS in the p16-positive than p16-negative group. In the subgroup stratified by p16 status, the shorter OS were also seen with low LKB1 expression. Multivariate survival analysis indicated that high LKB1 expression was an independent prognostic factor for OS (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.628, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.060-2.500, P = 0.026) and DMFS (HR: 2.182, 95% CI: 1.069-4.456, P = 0.032). Conclusions: Our data indicated that low expression of LKB1 was significantly associated with poor prognosis and it may represent a marker of tumor metastasis in patients with LSCC. When combined with p16, LKB1 was also of prognostic value.

16.
J Cancer ; 8(12): 2410-2416, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28819445

RESUMO

Background: DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) is known to function in several types of cancer. In this study, we investigated the expression and clinicopathologic significance of DNA-PKcs in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 208 patients with advanced-stage LSCC treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China. We assessed DNA-PKcs and p16INK4a (p16) status using immunohistochemistry. We examined the association between DNA-PKcs expression and clinicopathologic features and survival outcomes. To evaluate the independent prognostic relevance of DNA-PKcs, we used univariate and multivariate Cox regression models. We estimated overall survival (OS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Immunohistochemical analyses revealed that 163/208 (78.4%) of the LSCC tissue samples exhibited high DNA-PKcs expression. High DNA-PKcs expression was significantly associated with survival outcomes (P = 0.016) and distant metastasis (P = 0.02; chi-squared test). High DNA-PKcs expression was associated with a significantly shorter OS and DMFS than low DNA-PKcs expression (P = 0.029 and 0.033, respectively; log-rank test), and was associated with poor OS in the p16-positive subgroup (P = 0.047). Multivariate analysis identified DNA-PKcs as an independent prognostic indicator of OS and DMFS in all patients (P = 0.039 and 0.037, respectively). Conclusions: Our results suggest that patients with LSCC in whom DNA-PKcs expression is elevated have a higher incidence of distant metastasis and a poorer prognosis. DNA-PKcs may represent a marker of tumor progression in patients with p16-positive LSCC.

17.
J Cancer ; 8(3): 388-394, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28261339

RESUMO

Background: Published papers reported contradictory results about the correlation between bevacizumab effectiveness and primary tumor location of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Methods: 740 mCRC patients treated with chemotherapy (CT group) and 244 patients treated with bevacizumab plus chemotherapy as first-line setting (CT + B group) were included. Propensity score analyses were used for patients' stratification and matching. Kaplan-Meier curves with log-rank tests were used to detect different overall survival (OS). Results: Patients in CT + B group had similar OS comparing with CT group only when the primary tumor located at right-side colon (20.2 for CT + B versus 19.7 months for CT group, p = 0.269). For left-side colon and rectal cancer patients, significantly longer OS were observed in CT + B than CT group. Conclusion: Our data suggested only patients with left-side colon or rectal cancer could get survival benefit from the addition of bevacizumab to first-line chemotherapy.

18.
Chin J Cancer ; 35(1): 58, 2016 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27357402

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains controversial whether palliative primary tumor resection (PPTR) can provide survival benefits to the patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who have unresectable metastases. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether PPTR could improve the survival of patients with mCRC. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on consecutive mCRC patients with unresectable metastases who were diagnosed at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China, between January 2005 and December 2012. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) after first-line chemotherapy failure were compared between the PPTR and non-PPTR patient groups. RESULTS: A total of 387 patients were identified, including 254 who underwent PPTR and 133 who did not. The median OS of the PPTR and non-PPTR groups was 20.8 and 14.8 months (P < 0.001), respectively. The median PFS after first-line chemotherapy was 7.3 and 4.8 months (P < 0.001) in the PPTR and non-PPTR groups, respectively. A larger proportion of patients in the PPTR group (219 of 254, 86.2%) showed local progression compared with that of patients in the non-PPTR group (95 of 133, 71.4%; P < 0.001). Only patients with normal lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels and with carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels <70 ng/mL benefited from PPTR (median OS, 22.2 months for the PPTR group and 16.2 months for the non-PPTR group; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: For mCRC patients with unresectable metastases, PPTR can improve OS and PFS after first-line chemotherapy and decrease the incidence of new organ involvement. However, PPTR should be recommended only for patients with normal LDH levels and with CEA levels <70 ng/mL.


Assuntos
Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Onco Targets Ther ; 9: 877-83, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26966375

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the prognostic relevance of preoperative peripheral neutrophil- to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 129 consecutive GIST patients who underwent initial curative surgical resection with or without adjuvant/palliative imatinib treatment in our study. Blood NLR was calculated as neutrophil count (number of neutrophils ×10(9)/L) divided by lymphocyte count (number of lymphocytes ×10(9)/L). Survival curves were constructed by using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression models were performed to identify associations with outcome variable. All tests were two-sided, and P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The optimal cut-off value of NLR was 2.07 in the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. The median overall survival (OS) of high NLR group was 113.0 months, whereas that of the low NLR group had not reached the median OS both in the general (P<0.001) and subgroup analyses. The elevated NLR suggested shorter OS in the high malignant potential groups (P=0.01) and the combined low and moderate groups (P=0.02). Increased NLR indicated poor OS in patients regardless of whether if received imatinib treatment or not (P=0.005, and P=0.032, respectively). High NLR indicated poor OS of patients in stage I and II disease (P=0.005) and a clear tendency that increased level of NLR is inimical to OS. CONCLUSION: Elevated NLR was detected as an independent adverse prognostic factor. Elevated preoperative NLR predicts poor clinical outcome in GIST patients and may serve as a cost-effective and broadly available independent prognostic biomarker.

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