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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33401753

RESUMO

Infectious diseases have caused some of the most feared plagues and greatly harmed human health. However, despite the qualitative understanding that the occurrence and diffusion of infectious disease is related to the environment, the quantitative relations are unknown for many diseases. Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne virus that poses a fatal threat and has spread explosively throughout the world, impacting human health. From a geographical perspective, this study aims to understand the global hotspots of ZIKV as well as the spatially heterogeneous relationship between ZIKV and environmental factors using exploratory special data analysis (ESDA) model. A geographically weighted regression (GWR) model was used to analyze the influence of the dominant environmental factors on the spread of ZIKV at the continental scale. The results indicated that ZIKV transmission had obvious regional and seasonal heterogeneity. Population density, GDP per capita, and landscape fragmentation were the dominant environmental factors affecting the spread of ZIKV, which indicates that social factors had a greater influence than natural factors on the spread of it. As SARS-CoV-2 is spreading globally, this study can provide methodological reference for fighting against the pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecção por Zika virus , Animais , Humanos , Mosquitos Vetores , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Zika virus , Infecção por Zika virus/epidemiologia , Infecção por Zika virus/transmissão
2.
Front Psychol ; 8: 581, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28446896

RESUMO

Two experiments in this study were designed to explore a model of Chinese fixation with four types of native facial expressions-happy, peaceful, sad, and angry. In both experiments, participants performed an emotion recognition task while their behaviors and eye movements were recorded. Experiment 1 (24 participants, 12 men) demonstrated that both eye fixations and durations were lower for the upper part of the face than for the lower part of the face for all four types of facial expression. Experiment 2 (20 participants, 6 men) repeated this finding and excluded the disturbance of fixation point. These results indicate that Chinese participants demonstrated a superiority effect for the lower part of face while interpreting facial expressions, possibly due to the influence of eastern etiquette culture.

3.
Front Psychol ; 8: 85, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28184210

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the influence of adult attachment orientations on infant preference. Methods: We adopted eye-tracking technology to monitor childless college women's eye movements when looking at pairs of faces, including one adult face (man or woman) and one infant face, with three different expressions (happy, sadness, and neutral). The participants (N = 150; 84% Han ethnicity) were aged 18-29 years (M = 19.22, SD = 1.72). A random intercepts multilevel linear regression analysis was used to assess the unique contribution of attachment avoidance, determined using the Experiences in Close Relationships scale, to preference for infant faces. Results: Women with higher attachment avoidance showed less infant preference, as shown by less sustained overt attentional bias to the infant face than the adult face based on fixation time and count. Conclusion: Adult attachment might be related to infant preference according to eye movement indices. Women with higher attachment avoidance may lack attentional preference for infant faces. The findings may aid the treatment and remediation of the interactions between children and mothers with insecure attachment.

4.
Cogn Emot ; 30(5): 857-67, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26020681

RESUMO

Based on the theory of appraisal, we predicted that positive and negative events happening to the same people or things in a specific chronological order (i.e., a negative event following a positive event) would induce different mixed feelings than the same events happening to different people or things. Pairs of emotional pictures with different captions were used to create two event groups. In the "tragic event" group, the positive and negative events happened to the same person or things, and in the "tragicomic event" group, the positive and negative events happened to different people or things. We designed two experiments to explore and compare the generation of mixed feelings in those two groups. In Experiment 1, the negative event was shown first, and in Experiment 2, the negative event was shown second (although the chronological order of the depicted events was the same). The participants were 381 undergraduates: 195 in Experiment 1 and 186 in Experiment 2. In both experiments, we found that tragic events introduced less intense mixed feelings than did tragicomic events due to fewer pleasurable feelings induced by the tragic events. There was no significant difference in the report of negative emotions between the groups. Appraisal theory and negative bias effects may explain these results.


Assuntos
Emoções/fisiologia , Estimulação Luminosa/métodos , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prazer/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 66(3): 573-81, 2011 May.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21701090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the relationships of neutrophil functions with lifestyle factors (namely, subjective stress, exercise habits, smoking habits, alcohol-drinking habits, and self-perceived status health) and health behavior in the Chinese urban elderly. METHODS: We performed a health survey of the elderly aged 65 years or older living in Tianjin. The subjects were 42 males (69.1 ± 4.1 years old) and 41 females (69.1 ± 4.1 years old). Investigations of subjective stress, exercise habits, smoking habits, alcohol-drinking habits, and self-perceived health status were performed. The phagocytosis and superoxide productivity of neutrophils were measured by the nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction method. In addition, leukocyte count and serum total protein (TP) level were examined. RESULTS: The investigations revealed the associations of health behavior (p<0.05) and self-perceived health (p<0.10) with the balance between phagocytosis and subsequent superoxide production. CONCLUSIONS: The present study revealed that there were correlations of neutrophil functions with lifestyle factors (subjective stress, exercise habits, smoking habits, alcohol-drinking habits, and self-perceived status health) and health behavior in the Chinese urban elderly.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Estilo de Vida , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Idoso , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nitroazul de Tetrazólio , Fagocitose/fisiologia , Superóxidos/metabolismo
6.
Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 61(1): 53-62, 2006 Jan.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16506655

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Oral health is very important particularly for elderly to live happily. The purpose of this study is to clarify the relationship between lifestyle and oral health in Chinese elderly. METHODS: The subjects were 96 men (mean +/- SD: 70.1 +/- 4.9) and 92 women (70.7 +/- 5.4). Oral health status was evaluated according to the numbers of remaining, intact, treated, and untreated teeth and score in WHO's CPI code. By carrying out a questionnaire survey, we evaluated lifestyle factors, such as stress (SCL-S), smoking habits, drinking habit, sleeping hours, sports, snack habit, and tooth brushing habit. Logistic regression analysis was used in analyzing the data. RESULTS: By multi-logistic regression analysis, men who smoke were more likely to have a lower CPI score than those who do not {odds ratio (OR) = 4.69, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 0.79-27.89, p < .10}. Men who brush their teeth less than once a day are less likely to have a lower CPI score than those who brush their teeth more than twice a day (OR = 0.33, 95% CI = 0.09-1.22, p < .10). On the other hand, women who experience much stress are more likely to have a lower CPI score than women who experience little stress (OR = 5.59, 95% CI = 1.29-24.15, p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The study indicated that smoking may affect oral health conditions in men, whereas stress may affect oral health conditions in women. The reduction in stress and abstinence from smoking are important in maintaining good oral health in Chinese elderly.


Assuntos
Estilo de Vida , Saúde Bucal/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Regressão , Fumar , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
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