Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 12 de 12
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Langmuir ; 37(28): 8426-8434, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233119

RESUMO

CuCo2O4, a type of promising lithium-ion storage material, exhibits high electrochemical properties in lithium-ion batteries and enormous economic benefits. However, its practical application is limited by problems such as structural collapse and electrochemical stability during the charging and discharging process. In this work, the reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-coated CuCo2O4 (CuCo2O4/rGO) hollow microspheres were successfully prepared by electrostatic self-assembly. The CuCo2O4/rGO electrode shows an outstanding capability for lithium-ion storage and a remarkable rate capacity, e.g., 445 mA h g-1 at 5 A g-1. After 150 cycles at 0.1 A g-1, the reversible capacity of the CuCo2O4/rGO electrode is as high as 1080 mA h g-1, and it can still retain about 530 mA h g-1 in the 400th cycle at 1 A g-1. The hollow microspheres with mesoporous shells can cause electrolyte penetration into the spherical shell to effectively shorten the transfer distance of lithium ions, and the encapsulation of graphene improves the conductivity and stability of CuCo2O4, which endows CuCo2O4/rGO with a wonderful Li+ storage performance. It is proved that this is an efficient method to improve the electrochemical performance of metal compounds for better applications in energy storage.

2.
Adv Mater ; 33(9): e2007549, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506541

RESUMO

The shuttle effect of lithium polysulfides (LiPS) and potential safety hazard caused by the burning of flammable organic electrolytes, sulfur cathode, and lithium anode seriously limit the practical application of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. Here, a flame-retardant polyphosphazene (PPZ) covalently modified holey graphene/carbonized cellulose paper is reported as a multifunctional interlayer in Li-S batteries. During the discharge/charge process, once the LiPS are generated, the as-obtained flame-retardant interlayer traps them immediately through the nucleophilic substitution reaction between PPZ and LiPS, effectively inhibiting the shuttling effect of LiPS to enhance the cycle stability of Li-S batteries. Meanwhile, this strong chemical interaction increases the diffusion coefficient for lithium ions, accelerating the lithiation reaction with complete inversion. Moreover, the as-obtained interlayer can be used as a fresh 3D current collector to establish a flame-retardant "vice-electrode," which can trap dissolved sulfur and absorb a large amount of electrolyte, prominently bringing down the flammability of the sulfur cathode and electrolyte to improve the safety of Li-S batteries. This work provides a viable strategy for using PPZ-based materials as strong chemical scavengers for LiPS and a flame-retardant interlayer toward next-generation Li-S batteries with enhanced safety and electrochemical performance.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(25): 11173-11182, 2020 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459963

RESUMO

Hydrous materials are ubiquitous in the natural environment and efforts have previously been made to investigate the structures and dynamics of hydrated surfaces for their key roles in various chemical and physical applications, with the help of theoretical modeling and microscopy techniques. However, an overall atomic-scale understanding of the water-solid interface, including the effect of water on surface ions, is still lacking. Herein, we employ ceria nanorods with different amounts of water as an example and demonstrate a new approach to explore the water-surface interactions by using solid-state NMR in combination with density functional theory. NMR shifts and relaxation time analysis provide detailed information on the local structure of oxygen ions and the nature of water motion on the surface: the amount of molecularly adsorbed water decreases rapidly with increasing temperature (from room temperature to 150 °C), whereas hydroxyl groups are stable up to 150 °C, and dynamic water molecules are found to instantaneously coordinate to the surface oxygen ions. The applicability of dynamic nuclear polarization for selective detection of surface oxygen species is also compared to conventional NMR with surface selective isotopic-labeling: the optimal method depends on the feasibility of enrichment and the concentration of protons in the sample. These results provide new insight into the interfacial structure of hydrated oxide nanostructures, which is important to improve performance for various applications.

4.
Small ; 16(8): e1907043, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003933

RESUMO

Conjugated coordination polymers (CPs) with designable and predictable structures have drawn tremendous attention in recent years. However, the poor electrical conductivity and low structural stability seriously restrict their practical applications in electronic devices. Herein, the rational design and synthesis of a hierarchically structured 2D bimetallic CoNi-hexaaminobenzene CPs derived from Co(OH)2 are reported as an efficient oxygen evolution reaction (OER) self-supported electrode. The as-obtained electrode possesses high electrochemical surface area and intrinsic activity, exhibiting high electrochemical catalytic activity, favorable reaction kinetics performance, and strong durability compared with those of the powder catalysts. As a result, the electrode delivers low overpotential of 219 mV @ 10 mA cm-2 and Tafel slope of 42 mV dec-1 as well as 91.3% retention of current density after 24 h of reaction time. The results of density functional theory computations reveal that the synergistic effect of Co and Ni plays an important role in OER. This work not only presents a strategy to fabricate advanced self-supported electrodes with abundant and dense active sites, but also promotes the development of conjugated CPs for electrocatalysis.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(18): 2692-2695, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30747934

RESUMO

Nb2O5@carbon/reduced graphene oxide (M-Nb2O5@C/rGO) composites are fabricated by annealing the precursor of graphene oxide supported Nb-based metal organic frameworks for the first time. The lithium ion capacitor using M-Nb2O5@C/rGO as the anode and activated carbon as the cathode delivers a high energy density of 71.5 W h kg-1 and excellent cycling stability.

6.
ChemSusChem ; 11(5): 907-915, 2018 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29388379

RESUMO

The incorporation of spacers between graphene sheets has been investigated as an effective method to improve the electrochemical performance of graphene papers (GPs) for supercapacitors. Here, we report the design of free-standing GP@NiO and GP@Ni hybrid GPs in which NiO nanoclusters and Ni nanoparticles are encapsulated into graphene sheets through electrostatic assembly and subsequent vacuum filtration. The encapsulated NiO nanoclusters and Ni nanoparticles can mitigate the restacking of graphene sheets, providing sufficient spaces for high-speed ion diffusion and electron transport. In addition, the spacers strongly bind to graphene sheets, which can efficiently improve the electrochemical stability. Therefore, at a current density of 0.5 A g-1 , the GP@NiO and GP@Ni electrodes exhibit higher specific capacitances of 306.9 and 246.1 F g-1 than the GP electrode (185.7 F g-1 ). The GP@NiO and GP@Ni electrodes exhibit capacitance retention of 98.7 % and 95.6 % after 10000 cycles, demonstrating an outstanding cycling stability. Additionally, the GP@NiO∥GP@Ni delivers excellent cycling stability (93.7 % after 10 000 cycles) and high energy density. These free-standing encapsulated hybrid GPs have great potential as electrode for high-performance supercapacitors.


Assuntos
Capacitância Elétrica , Grafite/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Eletrodos , Transporte de Elétrons , Níquel/química , Eletricidade Estática
7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(4): 3549-3561, 2018 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29297668

RESUMO

In this work, we synthesized the hierarchical ZnO@C@NiO core-shell nanorods arrays (CSNAs) grown on a carbon cloth (CC) conductive substrate by a three-step method involving hydrothermal and chemical bath methods. The morphology and chemical structure of the hybrid nanoarrays were characterized in detail. The combination and formation mechanism was proposed. The conducting carbon layer between ZnO and NiO layers can efficiently enhance the electric conductivity of the integrated electrodes, and also protect the corrosion of ZnO in an alkaline solution. Compared with ZnO@NiO nanorods arrays (NAs), the NiO in CC/ZnO@C@NiO electrodes, which possess a unique multilevel core-shell nanostructure exhibits a higher specific capacity (677 C/g at 1.43 A/g) and an enhanced cycling stability (capacity remain 71% after 5000 cycles), on account of the protection of carbon layer derived from glucose. Additionally, a flexible all-solid-state supercapacitor is readily constructed by coating the PVA/KOH gel electrolyte between the ZnO@C@NiO CSNAs and commercial graphene. The energy density of this all-solid-state device decreases from 35.7 to 16.0 Wh/kg as the power density increases from 380.9 to 2704.2 W/kg with an excellent cycling stability (87.5% of the initial capacitance after 10000 cycles). Thereby, the CC/ ZnO@C@NiO CSNAs of three-dimensional hierarchical structure is promising electrode materials for flexible all-solid-state supercapacitors.

8.
Nanotechnology ; 28(31): 315403, 2017 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28635618

RESUMO

Strongly coupled boron and nitrogen co-doped graphene (BN-G) hybrids with nickel cobaltite (NiCo2O4) nanosheets (NCO/BN-G) were fabricated by a facile soft-chemical method for asymmetric supercapacitors with high-performance. The strong interaction between BN-G and NiCo2O4 nanosheets are explored by various techniques. The effect of heteroatom doping on electrochemical properties of the hybrids is systematically investigated. The strong synergistic effect between NiCo2O4 and BN-G leads to a specific capacitance of 106.5 mA h g-1 at the current density of 0.5 A g-1 and capacitance retention of 96.8% after 10 000 cycles at 5 A g-1, much better than those of the pure NiCo2O4 and its hybrid with N-doped graphene. Moreover, an asymmetric supercapacitor device, assembled with NCO/BN-G and activated carbon (NCO/BN-G//AC), exhibits a maximum energy density of 45.6 Wh kg-1 and an excellent cycling stability. The improved electrochemical performance of the NCO/BN-G hybrid is attributed to the good conductivity of BN-G and the synergistic effect between NiCo2O4 nanosheets and BN-G combined together through a plane-to-plane contact mode.

9.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 6(10)2016 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28335305

RESUMO

A novel, simple and selective electrochemical method was investigated for the simultaneous detection of dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA) on a poly(l-lysine)/graphene oxide (GO) modified glassy carbon electrode (PLL/GO/GCE) by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). The electrochemically prepared PLL/GO sensory platform toward the oxidation of UA and DA exhibited several advantages, including high effective surface area, more active sites and enhanced electrochemical activity. Compared to the PLL-modified GCE (PLL/GCE), GO-modified GCE and bare GCE, the PLL/GO/GCE exhibited an increase in the anodic potential difference and a remarkable enhancement in the current responses for both UA and DA. For the simultaneous detection of DA and UA, the detection limits of 0.021 and 0.074 µM were obtained, while 0.031 and 0.018 µM were obtained as the detection limits for the selective detection of UA and DA, using DPV in the linear concentration ranges of 0.5 to 20.0 and 0.5 to 35 µM, respectively. In addition, the PLL/GO/GCE demonstrated good reproducibility, long-term stability, excellent selectivity and negligible interference of ascorbic acid (AA). The proposed modified electrode was successfully implemented in the simultaneous detection of DA and UA in human blood serum, urine and dopamine hydrochloride injection with satisfactory results.

10.
Small ; 11(43): 5833-43, 2015 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26390018

RESUMO

Catalysts with low-cost, high activity and stability toward oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) are extremely desirable, but its development still remains a great challenge. Here, a novel magnetically separable hybrid of multimetal oxide, cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4), anchored on nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide (CoFe2O4/NG) is prepared via a facile solvothermal method followed by calcination at 500 °C. The structure of CoFe2O4/NG and the interaction of both components are analyzed by several techniques. The possible formation of Co/Fe-N interaction in the CoFe2O4/NG catalyst is found. As a result, the well-combination of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles with NG and its improved crystallinity lead to a synergistic and efficient catalyst with high performance to ORR through a four-electron-transfer process in alkaline medium. The CoFe2O4/NG exhibits particularly comparable catalytic activity as commercial Pt/C catalyst, and superior stability against methanol oxidation and CO poisoning. Meanwhile, it has been proved that both nitrogen doping and the spinel structure of CoFe2O4 can have a significant contribution to the catalytic activity by contrast experiments. Multimetal oxide hybrid demonstrates better catalysis to ORR than a single metal oxide hybrid. All results make the low-cost and magnetically separable CoFe2O4/NG a promising alternative for costly platinum-based ORR catalyst in fuel cells and metal-air batteries.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24887497

RESUMO

The interaction between 9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate (FMOC-Cl) and Fe3+ and Cu2+ ions was investigated using fluorescence, UV/Vis absorption spectroscopies and theoretical calculation. The optical property of FMOC-Cl was studied in detail in absence and presence of various transition metal ions with particular affinity to Fe3+ and Cu2+ ions. With the fluorescence characteristic band centered at 307 and 315 nm for FMOC-Cl, the introduction of Fe3+ or Cu2+ ions leads to the fluorescence quenching of FMOC-Cl with different shift and intensities of two fluorescent bands. It allows us to differentiate between FMOC-Cl and Fe3+ and Cu2+ ions interaction behavior. The study on fluorescent kinetics confirms that the fluorescence quenching of FMOC-Cl with Fe3+ and Cu2+ ions is based on the formation of non-fluorescent material, that is, static quenching. Further analyses of bond lengths, Mulliken atomic charges and the frontier orbital compositions for FMOC-Cl and its complexes with Fe3+ and Cu2+ ions were carried out. The theoretical calculations prove the fluorescence quenching originates from the formation of coordination bonds between the oxygen atom of the carbonyl group of FMOC-Cl and Fe3+ and Cu2+ ions. The commercially available FMOC-Cl can be used as excellent fluorescent probe toward Fe3+ and Cu2+ ions with high sensitivity.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Fluorenos/química , Ferro/química , Modelos Moleculares , Íons , Conformação Molecular , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
12.
J Mater Chem B ; 2(27): 4324-4330, 2014 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32261571

RESUMO

The large-scale synthesis of ternary nanocomposite hemin-graphene sheets/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (H-GNs/PEDOT) was achieved via a microwave-assisted method, in which PEDOT was polymerized with graphene oxide and induced with hemin on the H-GNs nanosheets without additional oxidants; meanwhile, graphene oxide was partially reduced simultaneously. The morphology and structure of the as-prepared nanocomposites were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy. The H-GNs/PEDOT nanocomposite combines the main excellent properties of the three components, maintaining the peroxidase-like activity of hemin, and displaying a high-speed electron transfer ascribed to the presence of PEDOT and the graphene sheets. The H-GNs/PEDOT exhibited remarkable electrocatalysis towards the reduction of H2O2 due to the direct electron-transfer between the hemin and the modified electrode. The excellent synergic effect enables an enhanced electrochemical performance of the H-GNs/PEDOT modified electrode with good biocompatibility and fast redox property. The novel biomimetic H2O2 biosensor based on the well-designed ternary hybrid H-GNs/PEDOT has a low detection limit (0.08 µM) with a high dynamic response range (10-7 to 10-5 M) and a high sensitivity (235 µA mM-1 cm-2). The sensor displays good selectivity, repeatability, reproducibility and stability.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...