Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 110
Filtrar
1.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 2020 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adult patients with T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) are treated with high-intensity chemotherapy regimens, but the response rate is still unsatisfactory because of frequent drug resistance. We aimed to investigate the potential mechanisms of drug resistance in adults with T-LBL. METHODS: Gene expression microarray was used to identify differential mRNA expression profiles between chemotherapy-resistant and chemotherapy-sensitive adult T-LBL tissues. Real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry were performed to detect the expression of bromodomain-containing protein 2 (BRD2) and c-Myc in fresh-frozen T-LBL tissues from 85 adult patients. The Ras pull-down assay was performed to monitor Ras activation. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays were used to analyze the binding of E2F transcription factor 1 (E2F1)/BRD2 to the RAS guanyl releasing protein 1 (RasGRP1) promoter region. The drug resistance effect and mechanism of BRD2 were determined by both in vivo and in vitro studies. RESULTS: A total of 86 chemotherapy resistance-related genes in adult T-LBL were identified by gene expression microarray. Among them, BRD2 was upregulated in chemotherapy-resistant adult T-LBL tissues and associated with worse progression-free survival and overall survival of 85 adult T-LBL patients. Furthermore, BRD2 suppressed doxorubicin (Dox)-induced cell apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo. The activation of RasGRP1/Ras/ERK signaling might contribute to the Dox resistance effect of BRD2. Besides, OTX015, a bromodomain and extra-terminal (BET) inhibitor, reversed the Dox resistance effect of BRD2. Patient-derived tumor xenograft demonstrated that the sequential use of OTX015 after Dox showed superior therapeutic effects. CONCLUSIONS: Our data showed that BRD2 promotes drug resistance in adult T-LBL through the RasGRP1/Ras/ERK signaling pathway. Targeting BRD2 may be a novel strategy to improve the therapeutic efficacy and prolong survival of adults with T-LBL.

2.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234760

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Adults with T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) generally benefit from treatment with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)-like regimens, but approximately 40% will relapse after such treatment. We evaluated the value of CpG methylation in predicting relapse for adults with T-LBL treated with ALL-like regimens. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A total of 549 adults with T-LBL from 27 medical centers were included in the analysis. Using the Illumina Methylation 850K Beadchip, 44 relapse-related CpGs were identified from 49 T-LBL samples by two algorithms: least absolute shrinkage and selector operation (LASSO) and support vector machine-recursive feature elimination (SVM-RFE). We built a four-CpG classifier using LASSO Cox regression based on association between the methylation level of CpGs and relapse-free survival in the training cohort (n = 160). The four-CpG classifier was validated in the internal testing cohort (n = 68) and independent validation cohort (n = 321). RESULTS: The four-CpG-based classifier discriminated patients with T-LBL at high risk of relapse in the training cohort from those at low risk (P < 0.001). This classifier also showed good predictive value in the internal testing cohort (P < 0.001) and the independent validation cohort (P < 0.001). A nomogram incorporating five independent prognostic factors including the CpG-based classifier, lactate dehydrogenase levels, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, central nervous system involvement, and NOTCH1/FBXW7 status showed a significantly higher predictive accuracy than each single variable. Stratification into different subgroups by the nomogram helped identify the subset of patients who most benefited from more intensive chemotherapy and/or sequential hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: Our four-CpG-based classifier could predict disease relapse in patients with T-LBL, and could be used to guide treatment decision.

3.
Leukemia ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080345

RESUMO

We aimed to establish a discriminative gene-expression-based classifier to predict survival outcomes of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) patients. After exploring global gene-expression profiles of progressive (n = 22) vs. progression-free (n = 28) T-LBL patients, 43 differentially expressed mRNAs were identified. Then an eleven-gene-based classifier was established using LASSO Cox regression based on NanoString quantification. In the training cohort (n = 169), high-risk patients stratified using the classifier had significantly lower progression-free survival (PFS: hazards ratio 4.123, 95% CI 2.565-6.628; p < 0.001), disease-free survival (DFS: HR 3.148, 95% CI 1.857-5.339; p < 0.001), and overall survival (OS: HR 3.790, 95% CI 2.237-6.423; p < 0.001) compared with low-risk patients. The prognostic accuracy of the classifier was validated in the internal testing (n = 84) and independent validation cohorts (n = 360). A prognostic nomogram consisting of five independent variables including the classifier, lactate dehydrogenase levels, ECOG-PS, central nervous system involvement, and NOTCH1/FBXW7 status showed significantly greater prognostic accuracy than each single variable alone. The addition of a five-miRNA-based signature further enhanced the accuracy of this nomogram. Furthermore, patients with a nomogram score ≥154.2 significantly benefited from the BFM protocol. In conclusion, our nomogram comprising the 11-gene-based classifier may make contributions to individual prognosis prediction and treatment decision-making.

4.
J Cancer ; 10(14): 3239-3245, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289595

RESUMO

The prognostic significance of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in multiple myeloma (MM) in the era of novel drugs remains unclear. CD163 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry to determine the number of TAMs in 198 MM patients receiving bortezomib-based regimens and the data were used to evaluate its relevance with clinical characteristics, treatment response, and prognosis. Patients with high levels of infiltrated CD163+ TAMs (>55/HPF) at diagnosis tended to have more adverse clinical characteristics. Patients with high CD163+ TAM content (>55/HPF) at diagnosis had worse progression-free survival (PFS) (P<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (P<0.001),and achieved lower complete remission (CR)/near-CR rate (P<0.001), than patients with low CD163+ TAM levels. Multivariate analysis revealed that CD163+ TAM content was an independent adverse prognostic factor for PFS and OS. Our data indicated that CD163+ TAM content at diagnosis is a powerful predictor of prognosis for MM in the era of novel drugs, and this discovery offers new insight into potential therapeutic strategies.

5.
Leukemia ; 33(10): 2454-2465, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953029

RESUMO

New prognostic factors are needed to establish indications for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in first complete remission (CR1) for T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) patients. We used microarray to compare T-LBL tissue samples (n = 75) and fetal thymus tissues (n = 20), and identified 35 differentially expressed miRNAs. Using 107 subjects as the training group, we developed a five-miRNA-based classifier to predict patient survival with LASSO Cox regression: lower risk was associated with better prognosis (disease-free survival (DFS): hazard ratio (HR) 4.548, 95% CI 2.433-8.499, p < 0.001; overall survival (OS): HR 5.030, 95% CI 2.407-10.513, p < 0.001). This classifier displayed good performance in the internal testing set (n = 106) and the independent external set (n = 304). High risk was associated with more favorable response to HSCT (DFS: HR 1.675, 95% CI 1.127-2.488, p = 0.011; OS: HR 1.602, 95% CI 1.055-2.433, p = 0.027). When combined with ECOG-PS and/or NOTCH1/FBXW7 status, this classifier had even better prognostic performance in patients receiving HSCT (DFS: HR 2.088, 95% CI 1.290-3.379, p = 0.003; OS: HR 1.996, 95% CI 1.203-3.311, p = 0.007). The five-miRNA classifier may be a useful prognostic biomarker for T-LBL adults, and could identify subjects who could benefit from HSCT.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Indução de Remissão/métodos
6.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 38(1): 62, 2018 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30340635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is a highly aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma often resistant to chemotherapy. Serum level of soluble IL-2 receptor α (IL-2Rα) is elevated in NKTCL patients and correlates significantly with treatment response and survival. In the current study we examined the potential role of IL-2Rα by over-expressing IL-2Rα in representative cell lines. METHODS: Levels of IL-2Rα were evaluated in the human natural killer cell line NK-92 and the NKTCL cell line SNK-6. Lentiviral vectors were used to express latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) in NK-92 cells, and IL-2Rα in both NK-92 and SNK-6 cells. The biological effects of these genes on proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle distribution, and chemosensitivity were analyzed. RESULTS: Expression of IL-2Rα was significantly higher in SNK-6 cells than in NK-92 cells. Expressing LMP1 in NK-92 cells remarkably up-regulated IL-2Rα levels, whereas selective inhibitorss of the proteins in the MAPK/NF-κB pathway significantly down-regulated IL-2Rα. IL-2Rα overexpression in SNK-6 cells promoted cell proliferation by altering cell cycle distribution, and induced resistance to gemcitabine, doxorubicin, and asparaginase. These effects were reversed by an anti-IL-2Rα antibody. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that LMP1 activates the MAPK/NF-κB pathway in NKTCL cells, up-regulating IL-2Rα expression. IL-2Rα overexpression promotes growth and chemoresistance in NKTCL, making this interleukin receptor a potential therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-2/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/metabolismo , Células T Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Humanos , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-2/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia , Regulação para Cima
7.
Asia Pac J Clin Oncol ; 14(3): 159-166, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28670820

RESUMO

AIM: To examine the treatment practices for cancer pain relief and adverse event management, and the factors related to patient outcomes in the participating countries/regions. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional survey conducted between September and December 2013 in 10 countries/regions across Asia. Adult patients with a history of cancer pain at least 1 month before study entry completed the survey questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 1190 patients were included. The mean Box Scale-11 (BS-11) pain score was 6.0 (SD 2.1), with 86.2% experiencing moderate-to-severe pain and 53.2% receiving opioids at time of the survey. The mean BS-11 scores were 5.3 (SD 2.1) in the "others" (single non-opioid medication or untreated) group, 6.3 (SD 2.0) in the ≥2 non-opioids group and 6.7 (SD 1.9) in the opioid group. The proportions of patients experiencing moderate-to-severe pain were 79.1%, 87.3% and 93.7%, respectively. About 70% of patients reported adverse events due to their pain medications, about half had received medications to manage these symptoms. Adverse events were negatively associated with activities of daily living (P < 0.0001). Pain and hindrance to activities of daily living were negatively associated with employment status (P = 0.003 and 0.021). Unemployment was significantly associated with poorer quality of life (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: This analysis demonstrates inadequate management of cancer pain and treatment-related adverse events in the participating cohort. Pain and inadequate management of adverse events were negatively associated with patients' overall well-being. More collaborative efforts should be taken to optimize pain treatment and increase awareness of adverse event management in physicians.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Ásia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/complicações , Manejo da Dor/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Oncotarget ; 8(58): 99104-99111, 2017 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29228756

RESUMO

T lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (T-ALL/LBL) is highly aggressive. Although intensive chemotherapies such as ALL-type regimens are commonly used, about half adult patients eventually relapse and die of T-ALL/LBL. Overwhelming evidences have confirmed that interim PET can predict survival outcomes and guide subsequent treatments in Hodgkin lymphoma. However, whether interim PET-CT can predict survival outcomes or not in T-ALL/LBL patients remains unclear. 47 adult patients of T-ALL/LBL were retrospectively reviewed. Interim PET-CT was done after induction therapy and evaluated according to the International Harmonization Project criteria. After induction therapy, interim PET-CT was positive in 19 patients (40.4%). After a median follow up time of 34 months, the 2-year and 3-year progression free survival (PFS) rate were 39% and 30%, respectively, and the 2-year and 3-year overall survival (OS) rate were 54% and 45%, respectively. Using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, it was found that interim PET-CT positivity correlated with significantly inferior PFS and OS (2-year PFS rate for patients with positive or negative interim PET were 21.1% or 56.0%, respectively, p = 0.002; 2-year OS rate for patients with positive or negative interim PET were 31.6% or 63.7%, respectively, p = 0.010). However, there was no significant relationship between PFS, OS and bone marrow infiltration, lactate dehydrogenase level, and stages (p > 0.05). Interim PET-CT may predict PFS and OS in adult patients of T-ALL/LBL, which needs to be validated in prospective clinical trials. The optimal criteria for interim PET-CT evaluation and risk-adapted treatment strategy determined by interim PET-CT should be investigated in future clinical practice.

9.
Chin J Cancer ; 36(1): 94, 2017 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29246182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway inhibits the activation of T cells and plays a crucial role in the negative regulation of cellular and humoral immune responses. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common lymphoid malignancy in adults. In the present study, we aimed to detect the expression of PD-L1 in DLBCL and to analyze its relationship with prognosis. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 204 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between October 2005 and August 2012. The expression of PD-L1 in tumor tissues from these 204 patients was detected using immunohistochemical (IHC) assay. The expression of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), CD5, CD30, and C-Myc in tumor specimens from 109 patients was detected using IHC, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded RNAs (EBERs) were detected using fluorescence in situ hybridization. The Spearman method was used for correlation analysis. The Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank test was used for univariate analysis. Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Of the 204 patients, 100 (49.0%) were PD-L1-positive in tumor cells and 44 (21.6%) were PD-L1-positive in tumor microenvironment. PD-L1 expression in tumor cells and tumor microenvironment were more common in the non-germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) subtype than in the GCB subtype (P = 0.02 and P = 0.04). Patients with PD-L1 expression in tumor microenvironment were more likely to be resistant to first-line chemotherapy when compared with the patients without PD-L1 expression in tumor microenvironment (P = 0.03). PD-L1 expression in tumor microenvironment was negatively correlated with C-Myc expression (r = - 0.20, P = 0.04). No correlations were detected between PD-L1 expression and the expression of ALK, CD5, and CD30 as well as EBERs. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 50.0% and 67.3% in patients with and without PD-L1 expression in tumor cells (P = 0.02). PD-L1 expression in tumor cells was an independent risk predictor for OS (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: PD-L1 expression is more common in the non-GCB subtype than in the GCB subtype. PD-L1 expression in tumor microenvironment has a negative correlation with C-Myc. PD-L1 positivity predicts short survival in DLBCL patients. For patients with PD-L1 expression, more strategy such as anti-PD-L1 antibody treatment should be recommended.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Ann Hematol ; 96(12): 2079-2088, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28871325

RESUMO

The IL-2/IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) system plays a central role in maintaining normal T cell immunity, and its disturbance is associated with several hematologic disorders. Studies have found in several types of lymphoma that abnormal amounts of soluble IL-2R (sIL-2R) may result in imbalance of the IL-2/IL-2R system and hence of the T cell immunoregulation. Whether the level of sIL-2R in blood could predict treatment outcomes or not needs to be investigated in multiple myeloma (MM) patients. The level of sIL-2R in serum was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 81 patients with newly diagnosed MM. Twenty-six patients (32.1%) were treated with bortezomib-based regimens and 55patients (67.9%) received old drugs-based regimens. The mean concentration of sIL-2R for myeloma patients was 8.51 ng/ml, significantly higher than that of healthy controls (0.56 ng/ml, p < 0.0001). The best cutoff value for sIL-2R in predicting high risk for disease progression is 6.049 ng/ml with an area under curve (AUC) of 0.665 (p = 0.013). Thirty-six patients (44.4%) were classified as higher sIL-2R level group (> 6.049 ng/ml), and 45 patients (55.6%) as lower group (≤ 6.049 ng/ml). The overall response rate (ORR) was 60.0% in lower sIL-2R level group, and 41.7% in higher level group (p = 0.156). The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was 12 months (range, 2.0-65 months) and 20 months (range, 2.0-118 months), respectively. In a multivariate survival analysis, including Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score, treatment response, and sIL-2R level, it was found that all these three parameters were significantly independent prognostic factors for PFS (p = 0.032, 0.016, and 0.043, respectively), but none factors maintained their value in predicting OS. Subgroup analysis revealed that high level of sIL-2R is correlated with significantly inferior PFS in patients treated with bortezomib-based regimens (p = 0.004). Serum sIL-2R level is an independent prognostic factor for PFS, indicating novel drugs targeting the imbalance of IL-2/IL-2R system may be a promising strategy in MM.


Assuntos
Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Mieloma Múltiplo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/sangue , Receptores de Interleucina-2/sangue , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/sangue , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
J Cancer ; 8(5): 793-800, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28382141

RESUMO

Background: Recently double-hit lymphoma or double protein expressor lymphoma has been identified as a distinct group of diffuse large B cell lymphoma with poor prognosis. However, the expression status, clinical and prognostic effect of combined overexpression of MYC and BCL2 in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) are not known. Materials and methods: Paraffin-embedded lymphoma samples from 53 patients with newly diagnosed ENKTL were studied using immunohistochemistry for MYC and BCL2, and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for MYC and BCL2 were done on 5 tissue sections with highest percentages of both MYC and BCL2 positive lymphoma cells. Results: The median percentage of MYC-positive lymphoma cells and BCL2-positive lymphoma cells were 20% (range, 5%-45%) and 70% (10%-95%), respectively. Using median scores as cutoffs, we assigned each patient an IHC double-hit score (DHS) that ranged from 0 to 2. Using this DHS, 15 patients (28.3%) had a DHS of 0, 24 patients (45.3%) had a DHS of 1, and the remaining 14 patients (26.4%) had a DHS of 2. FISH analysis was performed on 5 tissue sections with DHS of 2, and none of them had MYC or BCL2 rearrangement. The DHS was not associated with patients' age, gender, disease stage, LDH level, B symptoms, performance status, or local tumor invasiveness. However, patients with tumor localized in extranasal sites seemed to have higher expression of BCL2 and higher DHS than nasal lesions (p=0.014 and 0.042, respectively). In univariate survival analysis, either high expression of MYC or BCL2 was significantly correlated with inferior PFS and OS (p<0.05). According to the DHS, patients with ENKTL could be divided into three significantly different risk groups for PFS and OS (3-year PFS rate for DHS of 0, 1, and 2 was 60%, 41%, and 21%, respectively, p=0.008; 3-year OS rate for DHS of 0, 1, and 2 was 79%, 49%, and 33%, respectively, p=0.015). In multivariate survival analysis, it was found that DHS was an independent prognostic factor for both PFS and OS (p=0.006 and 0.011, respectively). Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that DHS can help identify patients with newly diagnosed ENKTL who are at a high risk for a poor clinical outcome, which needs to be validated in prospective clinical trials with patients treated uniformly.

12.
Oncotarget ; 8(7): 11480-11488, 2017 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28002792

RESUMO

This study retrospectively investigated asparaginase-based chemotherapy treatment outcomes with or without radiotherapy in 143 patients with stage IE-IIE extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma (ENKTCL). All patients received a median of three cycles of asparaginase-based chemotherapy, while 121 patients received radiotherapy following the chemotherapy. The complete remission (CR) rate for all patients post-chemotherapy was 58.7%, and rose to 73.4% by the end of treatment. Patients who received radiotherapy achieved better survival outcomes than those who did not (89.7% vs. 49.0% for 2-year overall survival (OS), P<0.001; 86.8% vs. 37.4% for 2-year progression-free survival (PFS), P<0.001). Additionally, even patients who achieved CR post-chemotherapy exhibited differential survival rates with or without radiotherapy (90.8% vs. 60% for 2-year OS, P=0.006; 86.1% vs. 60% for 2-year PFS, P=0.044). Multivariate analysis revealed that radiotherapy was an independent factor favoring OS (HR=0.098, 95%CI=0.031-0.314, P=0.001) and PFS (HR=0.156, 95%CI=0.062-0.396, P=0.001). Thus, radiotherapy is recommended for stage IE-IIE ENKTCL patients treated with asparaginase-based chemotherapy, even in cases of CR following chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/mortalidade , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Hematol Oncol ; 9(1): 109, 2016 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27737703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated, highly aggressive lymphoma. Treatment outcome remains sub-optimal, especially for advanced-stage or relapsed diseases. Programmed cell death receptor 1 (PD-1) and PD ligand 1 (PD-L1) have become promising therapeutic targets for various malignancies, but their role in the pathogenesis and their interactions with EBV in NKTCL remains to be investigated. METHODS: Expression of PD-L1 was measured in NK-92 (EBV-negative) and SNK-6 (EBV-positive) cells by western blot, quantitative real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. Latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1)-harboring lentiviral vectors were transfected into NK-92 cells to examine the correlation between LMP1 and PD-L1 expression. Proteins in the downstream pathways of LMP1 signaling were measured in NK-92 cells transfected with LMP1-harboring or negative control vectors as well as in SNK-6 cells. PD-L1 expression on tumor specimens and serum concentration of soluble PD-L1 were collected in a retrospective cohort of patients with Ann Arbor stage I~II NKTCL, and their prognostic significance were analyzed. RESULTS: Expression of PD-L1 was significantly higher in SNK-6 cells than in NK-92 cells, at both protein and mRNA levels. Expression of PD-L1 was remarkably upregulated in NK-92 cells transfected with LMP1-harboring lentiviral vectors compared with those transfected with negative control vectors. Proteins in the MAPK/NF-κB pathway were upregulated in LMP1-expressing NK-92 cells compared with the negative control. Selective inhibitors of those proteins induced significant downregulation of PD-L1 expression in LMP1-expressing NK-92 cells as well as in SNK-6 cells. Patients with a high concentration of serum soluble PD-L1 (≥3.4 ng/ml) or with a high percentage of PD-L1 expression in tumor specimens (≥38 %) exhibited significantly lower response rate to treatment and remarkably worse survival, compared with their counterparts. A high concentration of serum soluble PD-L1 and a high percentage of PD-L1 expression in tumor specimens were independent adverse prognostic factors among patients with stage I~II NKTCL. CONCLUSIONS: PD-L1 expression positively correlated LMP1 expression in NKTCL, which was probably mediated by the MAPK/NF-κB pathway. PD-L1 expression in serum and tumor tissues has significant prognostic value for early-stage NKTCL.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/análise , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/fisiologia , Antígeno B7-H1/sangue , Biópsia , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Transfecção , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/genética
14.
Onco Targets Ther ; 9: 5875-5881, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27713641

RESUMO

Previous studies have found that radiotherapy (RT) dose less than 50 Gy resulted in inferior outcomes for early stage extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL). Nowadays, induction chemotherapy (CT) followed by RT consolidation is often used. For patients who get complete response (CR) after CT, whether RT dose can be safely reduced or not remains unknown. This retrospective study compared the survival outcomes between patients who received higher dose (>50 Gy) and lower dose (≤50 Gy) RT after CR was attained by CT. One hundred and forty four patients of early stage ENKTL got CR after induction CT and received RT consolidation. Thirty-one patients received lower dose RT (median 46 Gy, range, 36-50 Gy), and 113 patients received higher dose RT (median 56 Gy, range, 52-66 Gy). In univariate survival analysis, age >60, local tumor invasion, and non-asparaginase-based CT were associated with inferior progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). However, there were no differences in PFS and OS between patients treated with higher and lower dose RT, which was confirmed in the multivariate survival analysis. Furthermore, reduced dose RT did not affect local control rate. Most common RT-related side effects were grade 1/2 mucositis and dermatitis, and the incidence rate of grade 3 mucositis or dermatitis was lower in patients treated with reduced dose RT (9.7% vs 15.0% for mucositis, and 6.5% vs 17.7% for dermatitis). In conclusion, this study found that RT dose could be safely reduced without compromising survival outcomes and further improved RT-related side effects. Prospective randomized controlled trials are warranted to validate our findings.

15.
Chin J Cancer ; 35(1): 87, 2016 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27624700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), central nervous system (CNS) relapse is uncommon but is nearly always fatal. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for CNS relapse in DLBCL patients and to evaluate the efficacy of rituximab and intrathecal chemotherapy prophylaxis for CNS relapse reduction. METHODS: A total of 511 patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL treated at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2003 and December 2012 were included in the study. Among these patients, 376 received R-CHOP regimen (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) as primary treatment, and 135 received CHOP regimen (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) as primary treatment. Intrathecal chemotherapy prophylaxis (methotrexate plus cytarabine) was administered to those who were deemed at high risk for CNS relapse. In the entire cohort and in the R-CHOP set in particular, the Kaplan-Meier method coupled with the log-rank test was used for univariate analysis, and the Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate analysis. Differences were evaluated using a two-tailed test, and P < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 46 months, 25 (4.9%) patients experienced CNS relapse. There was a trend of reduced occurrence of CNS relapse in patients treated with rituximab; the 3-year cumulative CNS relapse rates were 7.1% in CHOP group and 2.7% in R-CHOP group (P = 0.045). Intrathecal chemotherapy prophylaxis did not confer much benefit in terms of preventing CNS relapse. Bone involvement [hazard ratio (HR) = 4.21, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.38-12.77], renal involvement (HR = 3.85, 95% CI 1.05-14.19), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) >110 U/L (HR = 3.59, 95% CI 1.25-10.34), serum albumin (ALB) <35 g/L (HR = 3.63, 95% CI 1.25-10.51), treatment with rituximab (HR = 0.34, 95% CI 0.12-0.96), and a time to complete remission ≤ 108 days (HR = 0.22, 95% CI 0.06-0.78) were independent predictive factors for CNS relapse in the entire cohort. Bone involvement (HR = 4.44, 95% CI 1.08-18.35), bone marrow involvement (HR = 11.70, 95% CI 2.24-60.99), and renal involvement (HR = 10.83, 95% CI 2.27-51.65) were independent risk factors for CNS relapse in the R-CHOP set. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, rituximab decreased the CNS relapse rate of DLBCL, whereas intrathecal chemotherapy prophylaxis alone was not sufficient for preventing CNS relapse. Serum levels of ALB and ALP, and the time to complete remission were new independent predictive factors for CNS relapse in the patients with DLBCL. In the patients received R-CHOP regimen, a trend of increased CNS relapse was found to be associated with extranodal lesions.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
16.
Oncotarget ; 7(25): 38884-38891, 2016 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27150061

RESUMO

A broadly accepted standard treatment for adult T-lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) has not yet been defined. To address that issue, we retrospectively compared three chemotherapy regimens used to treat 110 adult patients with newly diagnosed T-LBL. These included two adult regimens (ECOG2993 and hyper-CVAD) and a childhood regimen (BFM-90). These intensive drug regimens are mainly used to treat childhood and adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia. They included induction, consolidation, and maintenance chemotherapy protocols and were administered over the course of 2 years. Seventy-five patients (80%) achieved a complete remission (CR). Within a median follow-up time of 31 months (range: 5-152 months), the 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 47.7% (95% CI, 35.0-69.8%) and 45.7% (95% CI, 27.6-56.6%), respectively. Shorter survival was associated with age > 40 years, poor ECOG PS and bone marrow involvement. Elevated lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) level, Ann Arbor stage and International Prognostic Index (IPI) score had no prognostic value. The childhood chemotherapy regimen improved CR and the overall survival rate more than the adult regimen in patients aged < 40 years.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Oncotarget ; 7(23): 35412-22, 2016 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27072578

RESUMO

Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is an aggressive neoplasm with a poor outcome. Novel L-asparaginase-based treatment regimens, such as GELOX (gemcitabine, oxaliplatin, and L-asparaginase) and P-gemox (gemcitabine, oxaliplatin, and pegaspargase), have shown promising results against stage IE/IIE ENKTL. To define the general applicability of P-gemox, in a retrospective analysis we examined the efficacy and safety of P-gemox in a cohort of 117 patients with newly diagnosed or relapsed/refractory ENKTL. Treatment included 2 to 8 cycles of P-gemox: intravenous gemcitabine (1250 mg/m2) and oxaliplatin (85 mg/m2) and intramuscular pegaspargase (2500 IU/ m2) on day 1 and repeated every 2 weeks, or intravenous gemcitabine (1000 mg/m2) on days 1 and 8 and intravenous oxaliplatin (130 mg/m2) and intramuscular pegaspargase (2500 IU/m2) on day 1 and repeated every 3 weeks. Upon completion of treatment, the overall response rate was 88.8%, and responses were similar for newly diagnosed and relapsed/refractory patients. After a median follow-up of 17 months, the 3-year overall and progression-free survival rates were 72.7% and 57.8%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that CR after treatment was the most significant factor affecting survival. P-gemox thus appears to be an effective and well-tolerated treatment for patients with ENKTL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Asparaginase/administração & dosagem , Asparaginase/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Compostos Organoplatínicos/efeitos adversos , Oxaliplatina , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Polietilenoglicóis/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Oncotarget ; 7(20): 29092-101, 2016 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27093153

RESUMO

Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is an aggressive neoplasm with a poor outcome. Asparaginase-based regimens are recommended for patients with advanced-stage or relapsed/refractory ENKTL. We retrospectively investigated the efficacy and toxicity of combined gemcitabine, oxaliplatin, and pegaspargase (P-gemox) in these patients. A total of 35 patients with newly diagnosed stage III-IV, relapsed or refractory ENKTL were treated with 2 to 8 cycles of P-gemox: gemcitabine (1250 mg/m2) and oxaliplatin (85 mg/m2) injected intravenously and pegaspargase (2500 IU/m2) injected intramuscularly on day 1 and repeated every 2 weeks. Upon completion of treatment, the overall response rate was 80.0%, with a complete response in 51.4% of patients. The 1-, 2- and 3- year progression-free survival rates were 45.0%, 38.6% and 38.6%, and overall survival rates were 76.8%, 64.7% and 64.7%, respectively. Patients who attained a complete response showed better progression-free survival than those without a complete response (p = 0.01). The major adverse effects were hematologic toxicity and liver dysfunction. Grade 3/4 leucopenia and neutropenia occurred in 40.0% of patients. No treatment-related deaths occurred. These results indicate the P-gemox regimen is a safe and effective treatment for patients with newly diagnosed advanced-stage or relapsed/refractory ENKTL. We anticipate future prospective trials will confirm the efficacy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Asparaginase/administração & dosagem , Asparaginase/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Compostos Organoplatínicos/efeitos adversos , Oxaliplatina , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Polietilenoglicóis/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Oncotarget ; 7(22): 33035-45, 2016 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27105512

RESUMO

The impact of serum levels of soluble programmed cell death ligand 1 (sPD-L1) on prognosis in patients with Epstein-Barr virus-associated malignancies has never been investigated. We prospectively measured pre- and post-treatment serum sPD-L1 levels and evaluated their prognostic value in 97 patients with newly diagnosed, early stage extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL) treated with asparaginase-based chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy. For predicting survival outcomes, serum sPD-L1 levels of 3.23 ng/mL and 1.12 ng/mL were respectively identified for pre- and post-treatment cut-off levels. Patients with high pretreatment (>3.23 ng/mL) had shorter progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). In a multivariate survival analysis, post-treatment sPD-L1 >1.12 ng/mL, treatment response (complete vs. non-complete response), and stage II disease were independent prognostic factors for shorter PFS and OS. In patients with a complete response, post-treatment sPD-L1 >1.12 ng/mL was associated with shorter PFS and OS. In patients with high pretreatment sPD-L1 levels (>3.23 ng/mL), low post-treatment sPD-L1 level (≤1.12 ng/mL) correlated with longer PFS and OS. Our data suggest the post-treatment sPD-L1 level is a potent biomarker for predicting early relapse and poor prognosis in early stage ENKTCL patients treated with asparaginase, and may be a useful marker of minimal residual disease.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/sangue , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/mortalidade , Masculino , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Br J Cancer ; 114(4): 463-8, 2016 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26882069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a inhibiting inflammatory cytokine that plays an important role in immune suppressive microenvironment in multiple myeloma (MM). Whether the level of serum IL-10 could predict treatment response and survival outcomes or not needs to be investigated in MM patients. METHODS: The level of IL-10 in serum was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 188 patients with newly diagnosed MM. RESULTS: The best cutoff value for IL-10 in predicting survival is 169.69 pg ml(-1) with an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.747 (P<0.001). In all, 92 patients (48.9%) were classified as high-IL-10 group (>169.96 pg ml(-1)) and 96 patients (51.1%) as low-IL-10 group (⩽169.96 pg ml(-1)). The overall response rate (ORR) was 79.2% in low-IL-10 group, significantly higher than that in high-IL-10 group (53.3%, P<0.001). Patients in low-IL-10 group had significantly better survival compared with those in high-IL-10 group (3-year PFS rate: 69.3% vs 13.3%, P<0.001; 3-year OS rate: 93.6% vs 51.9%, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that serum IL-10 level >169.96 pg ml(-1) at diagnosis and certain cytogenetic abnormalities were two adverse factors for PFS and OS. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that serum IL-10 at diagnosis is a novel, powerful predictor of prognosis for MM.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Interleucina-10/sangue , Mieloma Múltiplo/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA