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1.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(5): 470, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976108

RESUMO

Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) has been shown to contribute to cardiac fibrosis and heart failure (HF). Recent studies have demonstrated that EndMT is regulated by autophagy, and we previously showed suppression of excessive autophagy and alleviation of cardiac fibrosis in HF mice with inactivated receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE). Thus, we investigated whether reduced cardiac fibrosis due to RAGE knockout occurred by inhibiting EndMT mediated by excessive autophagy. We found a decrease in endothelial cells (CD31+/VE-Cadherin+) and an increase in cells co-expressing CD31 and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA, myofibroblast marker) at 8 weeks in heart tissue of mice subjected to transverse aortic constriction (TAC), which implied EndMT. Knockout RAGE decreased EndMT accompanied by decreased expression of autophagy-related proteins (LC3BII/I and Beclin 1), and alleviated cardiac fibrosis and improved cardiac function in TAC mice. Moreover, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and chloroquine (CQ), inhibitors of autophagy, attenuated EndMT, and cardiac fibrosis in TAC mice. Importantly, EndMT induced by AGEs could be blocked by autophagy inhibitor in vivo and in vitro. These results suggested that AGEs/RAGE-autophagy-EndMT axis involved in the development of cardiac fibrosis and knockout RAGE ameliorated cardiac fibrosis through decreasing EndMT regulated by autophagy, which could be a promising therapeutic strategy for HF.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 274: 114078, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798659

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Xinyang tablet (XYT) has been traditionally used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Our previous study indicated that XYT exhibited protective effects in heart failure (HF). AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the present study was to determine the protective effects of XYT in pressure overload induced HF and to elucidate its underlying mechanisms of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed XYT content using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC.). Mice were subjected to transverse aortic constriction (TAC) to generate pressure overload-induced cardiac remodeling and were then orally administered XYT or URMC-099 for 1 week after the operation. HL1 mouse cardiomyoblasts were induced by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) to trigger pyroptosis and were then treated with XYT or URMC-099. We used echocardiography (ECG), hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, Masson's trichrome staining and a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay to evaluate the effects of XYT. Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) levels of collagen metabolism biomarkers and inflammation-related factors were detected. We determined protein levels of inflammation- and pyroptosis-related signaling pathway members via Western blot (WB). Caspase-1 activity was measured in cell lysate using a Caspase-1 Activity Assay Kit. Subsequently, to define the candidate ingredients in XYT that regulate mixed-lineage kinase-3 (MLK3), we used molecular docking (MD) to predict and evaluate binding affinity with MLK3. Finally, we screened 24 active potential compounds that regulate MLK3 via MD. RESULTS: ECG, H&E staining, Masson's trichrome staining and TUNEL assay results showed that XYT remarkably improved heart function, amelorated myocardial fibrosis and inhibited apoptosis in vivo. Moreover, it reduced expression of proteins or mRNAs related to collagen metabolism, including collagen type 1 (COL1), fibronectin (FN), alpha smooth-muscle actin (α-SMA), and matrix metalloproteinases-2 and -9 (MMP-2, MMP-9). XYT also inhibited inflammation and the induction of pyroptosis at an early stage, as well as attenuated inflammation and pyroptosis levels in vitro. CONCLUSION: Our data indicated that XYT exerted protective effects against pressure overload induced myocardial fibrosis (MF), which might be associated with the induction of pyroptosis-mediated MLK3 signaling.

3.
Cytokine ; 143: 155509, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840587

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LncRNA PVT1 was reported to be elevated in septic myocardial tissue. The underlying mechanism by which PVT1 aggravated sepsis induced myocardial injury needs further investigation. METHODS: Mice was subjected to LPS injection to mimic in vivo sepsis model. HE staining was applied to observe tissue injury. Cardiac function of mice was determined by echocardiography. Bone marrow derived macrophage (BMDM) was used to confirm the regulatory effect of PVT1 in macrophage polarization. Western blotting or qRT-PCR were performed to evaluate protein or mRNA levels, respectively. ELISA was conducted to determine cytokine levels. Interaction between PVT1 and miR-29a, miR-29a and HMGB1 were accessed by dual luciferase assay. RESULTS: Expression of PVT1 was elevated in myocardial tissue and heart infiltrating macrophages of sepsis mice. PVT1 knockdown alleviated LPS induced myocardial injury and attenuated M1 macrophage polarization. The mechanic study suggested that PVT1 targeted miR-29a, thus elevated expression of HMGB1, which was repressed by miR-29a targeting. The effect of PVT1 on M1 macrophage polarization was dependent on targeting miR-29a. CONCLUSION: PVT1 promoted M1 polarization and aggravated LPS induced myocardial injury via miR-29a/HMGB1 axis.

4.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 7374086, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33274005

RESUMO

Chrysophanol, a primary active ingredient of Cassia mimosoides Linn or Rhei radix et rhizoma, has various pharmacological properties, including anticancer, antidiabetic, and anti-inflammatory, as well as blood lipid regulation. However, whether chrysophanol can mitigate obesity, and its underlying mechanisms remains unclear. This study investigated whether chrysophanol effects energy metabolism in high-fat diet- (HFD-) induced obese mice and fat-specific Sirtuin 6- (SIRT6-) knockout (FKO) mice, targeting the SIRT6/AMPK signaling pathway in brown and white fat tissue. Our results showed that chrysophanol can effectively inhibit lipid accumulation in vitro and reduce mice's body weight, improve insulin sensitivity and reduced fat content of mice, and induce energy consumption in HFD-induced obese mice by activating the SIRT6/AMPK pathway. However, a treatment with OSS-128167, an SIRT6 inhibitor, or si-SIRT6, SIRT6 target specific small interfering RNA, in vitro blocked chrysophanol inhibition of lipid accumulation. Similar results were obtained when blocking the AMPK pathway. Moreover, in the HFD-induced obese model with SIRT6 FKO mice, histological analysis and genetic test results showed that chrysophanol treatment did not reduce lipid droplets and upregulated the uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) expression. Rather, it upregulated the expression of thermogenic genes and activated white fat breakdown by inducing phosphorylation of adenosine 5'-monophosphate- (AMP-) activated protein kinase (AMPK), both in vitro and in vivo. OSS-128167 or si-SIRT6 blocked chrysophanol's upregulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (Pgc-1α) and Ucp1 expression. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that chrysophanol can activate brown fat through the SIRT6/AMPK pathway and increase energy consumption, insulin sensitivity, and heat production, thereby alleviating obesity and metabolic disorders.

5.
J Int Med Res ; 48(8): 300060520939742, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762413

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Heart failure (HF) is a common and potentially fatal condition. In 2015, HF affected approximately 40 million people globally. Evidence showing that the use of nitrates can improve clinical outcomes in patients with HF is limited. This study aimed to assess the effect of nitrates on functional capacity and exercise time in patients with HF. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases were reviewed for articles on the use of nitrates and other treatments for patients with HF. The primary endpoints were the 6-minute walk test distance, exercise time, and quality of life. Secondary endpoints were all-cause mortality, arrhythmia, hospitalization, and worsening HF. The weighted mean difference, risk ratio, and 95% confidence interval were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 14 related studies that comprised 26,321 patients were included. No significant differences were found in the 6-minute walk test distance, exercise time, and quality of life between the nitrate and control treatment groups. There were also no differences in all-cause mortality, the incidence of arrhythmia, hospitalization, and worsening HF between these two groups. CONCLUSION: Patients with HF who receive nitrate treatment do not have better quality of life or exercise capacity compared with controls.

6.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(2): 917-925, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32742334

RESUMO

Patients with heart disease often suffer from ischemia, which can be treated by reperfusion. However, this treatment can lead to the development of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, an inflammatory condition that can cause further heart damage. Dexmedetomidine (Dex), an α2-adrenoceptor agonist, and the microRNA (miR)-17-3p, have both been suggested to alleviate I/R injury and cardiac tissue inflammation. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether Dex and miR-17-3p could act together to prevent I/R injury. H9C2 cells, a myoblast cell line used as a model of rat cardiomyocytes, were cultured in a hypoxic environment for 3 h, and then reoxygenated for 3 h. This hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) was used to model I/R. Cell Counting kit-8 was used to determine cell viability and an annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide apoptosis kit used to analyze cell apoptosis. A dual luciferase reporter assay was used to determine the interaction between miR-17-3p and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). Western blotting and reverse transcription-quantitative PCR were used to determine protein levels and mRNA expression of TLR4 and galectin-3. A concentration of 0.1-10 µmol/l Dex attenuated H/R injury, which was accompanied by increased miR-17-3p levels. Additionally, the inhibition of miR-17-3p exacerbated H/R injury and reduced the effect of Dex on H/R injury. H/R led to an increased galectin-3 level compared with that in control cells, and Dex or miR-17-3p inhibitor did not markedly affect the level of galectin-3, indicating that Dex alleviated the effects of I/R injury through other pathways. Inhibition of miR-17-3p in Dex-induced H9C2 cells during H/R increased the expression of inflammatory mediators including tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß and phosphorylated NFκB subunit p65, while Dex reduced the H/R-induced expression of these inflammatory mediators. Inhibition of TLR4 also attenuated H/R injury. In summary, the findings of the present study indicated that Dex reduced H/R injury in H9C2 cell via the modulation of inflammatory signaling pathways, and these inflammatory factors could be regulated by miR-17-3p.

7.
BMJ Open ; 10(8): e038074, 2020 08 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847917

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Unstable angina (UA), referred to as acute coronary syndrome (ACS), causes unexpected chest pain. Xueshuantong injection (lyophilised) (XST) is a traditional Chinese herbal injection having the potential to treat ACS. However, no clinical trial has been performed in this field. This clinical trial aims to examine the efficacy and safety of XST. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a randomised, parallel-arm, controlled, double-blind and multicentre clinical trial. A total of 1200 participants with UA will be enrolled in a 1:1 ratio, with 600 patients included in the XST treatment group and 600 with 1/20th dose in the control group. The efficacy assessment and major adverse cardiovascular events will be observed, and the frequency of angina attack, angina pectoris will be examined at the start and end of the run-in period. All adverse events will be recorded, regardless of the severity, to assess the safety of XST. The baseline characteristics of patients will be summarised and compared using the t test or non-parametric statistical test. Qualitative data will be analysed using the χ2 or Fisher exact tests, Cochran-Mantel-Hasenszel test and Wilcoxon test. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This trial has been approved by the Research Ethics Committee of The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, China (approval number: ZYYEC [2017] 0021). Written informed consent will be obtained from all participants. The results of this trial will be disseminated to the public through academic conferences and peer-reviewed journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered on the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (http://www.chictr.org.cn/) with the ID ChiCTR1800015911.

8.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(7): 574, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710001

RESUMO

Chronic heart failure (CHF) is the final outcome of many cardiovascular diseases, and is a severe health issue faced by the elderly population. Mixed lineage kinase 3 (MLK3), a member of MAP3K family, is associated with aging, inflammation, oxidative stress, and related diseases, such as CHF. MLK3 has also been reported to play an important role in protecting against cardiomyocyte injury; however, its function in myocardial fibrosis is unknown. To investigate the role of MLK3 in myocardial fibrosis, we inhibited the expression of MLK3, and examined cardiac function and remodeling in TAC mice. In addition, we assessed the expression of MLK3 protein in ventricular cells and its downstream associated protein. We found that MLK3 mainly regulates NF-κB/NLRP3 signaling pathway-mediated inflammation and that pyroptosis causes myocardial fibrosis in the early stages of CHF. Similarly, MLK3 mainly regulates the JNK/p53 signaling pathway-mediated oxidative stress and that ferroptosis causes myocardial fibrosis in the advanced stages of CHF. We also found that promoting the expression of miR-351 can inhibit the expression of MLK3, and significantly improve cardiac function in mice subjected to TAC. These results suggest the pyroptosis and ferroptosis induced by MLK3 signaling in cardiomyocytes are essential for adverse myocardial fibrosis, in response to pressure overload. Furthermore, miR-351, which has a protective effect on ventricular remodeling in heart failure caused by pressure overload, may be a key target for the regulation of MLK3.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(21): e20233, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis-induced myopathy (SIM) is a disease that causes motor dysfunction in patients with sepsis. There is currently no targeted treatment for this disease. Acupuncture has shown considerable efficacy in the treatment of sepsis and muscle weakness. Therefore, our research aims to explore the effects of acupuncture on the improvement of muscle structure and function in SIM patients and on activities of daily living. METHODS: The ACU-SIM pilot study is a single-center, propensity-score stratified, assessor-blinded, prospective pragmatic controlled trial (pCT) with a 1-year follow-up period. This study will be deployed in a multi-professional critical care department at a tertiary teaching hospital in Guangzhou, China. Ninety-eight intensive care unit subjects will be recruited and assigned to either the control group or the acupuncture group. Both groups will receive basic treatment for sepsis, and the acupuncture group will additionally receive acupuncture treatment. The primary outcomes will be the rectus femoris cross-sectional area, the Medical Research Council sum-score and time-to-event (defined as all-cause mortality or unplanned readmission to the intensive care unit due to invasive ventilation). The activities of daily living will be accessed by the motor item of the Functional Independence Measure. Recruitment will last for 2 years, and each patient will have a 1-year follow-up after the intervention. DISCUSSION: There is currently no research on the therapeutic effects of acupuncture on SIM. The results of this study may contribute to new knowledge regarding early muscle atrophy and the treatment effect of acupuncture in SIM patients, and the results may also direct new approaches and interventions in these patients. This trial will serve as a pilot study for an upcoming multicenter real-world study. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trials Registry: ChiCTR-1900026308, registered on September 29th, 2019.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Debilidade Muscular/terapia , Atrofia Muscular/terapia , Doenças Musculares/terapia , Sepse/terapia , Atividades Cotidianas , Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , China/epidemiologia , Cuidados Críticos/organização & administração , Seguimentos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade/tendências , Debilidade Muscular/etiologia , Debilidade Muscular/patologia , Atrofia Muscular/etiologia , Atrofia Muscular/patologia , Doenças Musculares/etiologia , Readmissão do Paciente/tendências , Projetos Piloto , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Sepse/complicações , Centros de Atenção Terciária/organização & administração , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32382301

RESUMO

Heart failure (HF), a clinical syndrome with a high incidence due to various reasons, is the advanced stage of most cardiovascular diseases. Huangqi is an effective treatment for cardiovascular disease, which has multitarget, multipathway functions. Therefore, we used network pharmacology to explore the molecular mechanism of Huangqi in treating HF. In this study, 21 compounds of Huangqi, which involved 407 targets, were obtained and reconfirmed using TCMSP and PubChem databases. Moreover, we used Cytoscape 3.7.1 to construct compound-target network and screened the top 10 compounds. 378 targets related to HF were obtained from CTD and GeneCards databases and HF-target network was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.1. The 46 overlapping targets of HF and Huangqi were gotten by Draw Venn Diagram. STRING database was used to set up a protein-protein interaction network, and MCODE module and the top 5 targets with the highest degree for overlapping targets were obtained. GO analysis performed by Metascape indicated that the overlapping targets were mainly enriched in blood vessel development, reactive oxygen species metabolic process, response to wounding, blood circulation, and so on. KEGG analysis analyzed by ClueGO revealed that overlapping targets were mainly enriched in AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, IL-17 signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, c-type lectin receptor signaling pathway, relaxin signaling pathway, and so on. Finally, molecular docking showed that top 10 compounds of Huangqi also had good binding activities to important targets compared with digoxin, which was carried out in CB-Dock molecular docking server. In conclusion, Huangqi has potential effect on regulating overlapping targets and GE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, IL-17 signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, and so on to be a latent multitarget, multipathway treatment for HF.

11.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(5): 565-9, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32394668

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the rules of acupoint selection and drug use in treatment of hypertension with acupoint application therapy. METHODS: The articles of the clinical research of hypertension treated with acupoint application therapy were retrieved from Chinese journal full-text database (CNKI), VIP database (VIP) and Wanfang databases from the time of establishment to January 20, 2019. The database was set up with Microsoft Excel 2010. Using the cloud platform of the ancient and modern medicine record, the frequency statistical and clustering analyses were conducted. RESULTS: A total of 117 articles were collected, including 191 prescriptions, 60 aucpoints and 236 kinds of herbal drugs. It was found in the frequency statistical analysis that the top 6 acupoints in use frequency were Yongquan (KI 1), Quchi (LI 11), Taichong (LR 3), Shenque (CV 8), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Neiguan (PC 6). According to the correlation analysis, corresponding to these top 6 acupoints, the pairs of acupoints were Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Yongquan (KI 1), Shenque (CV 8) and Yongquan (KI 1), Neiguan (PC 6) and Yongquan (KI 1), Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Neiguan (PC 6) with Yongquan (KI 1), as well as Yongquan (KI 1) and Neiguan (PC 6) with Sanyinjiao (SP 6). The dominant meridians were the kidney meridian, the conception vessel and the bladder meridian. The special acupoints referred to yuan-source point, luo-connecting point, back-shu point and front-mu point. The top 3 herbal drugs in use frequency included fructus evodiae, semen sinapis and rhizoma chuanxiong. The herbs used were mainly warm and slight cold in nature and neutral in property. The frequencies of the drug use were similar in the application for cold and heat purposes. The common flavors of the herbal medicines were pungent, sweat and bitter and the liver, kidney and spleen meridians were generally involved in meridian tropism. CONCLUSION: In treatment of hypertension with acupoint application therapy, the commonly used single acupoint is Yongquan (KI 1), which is generally combined with Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenque (CV 8), Neiguan (PC 6) and Zusanli (ST 36). The correlation is emphasized on the application of special acupoints, meridian points and zangfu organs. The vesicatory herbal drugs are predominant in the drug use. In generally, this therapy embodies the treatment principles as tonifying for the deficiency and reducing for the excess, as well as balancing of cold and heat.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura , Hipertensão/terapia , Meridianos , Humanos
12.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e919665, 2020 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Sepsis-induced myopathy (SIM) is a complication of sepsis that results in prolonged mechanical ventilation, long-term functional disability, and increased patient mortality. This study aimed to use bioinformatics analysis to identify hub genes and molecular pathways involved in SIM, to identify potential diagnostic or therapeutic biomarkers. MATERIAL AND METHODS The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database was used to acquire the GSE13205 expression profile. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in cases of SIM and healthy controls, and the Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed using the limma R/Bioconductor software package and clusterProfiler package in R, respectively. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network data of DEGs was retrieved using the STRING database and analyzed using the Molecular Complex Detection (MCODE) Cytoscape software plugin. RESULTS A total of 196 DEGs were obtained in SIM samples compared with healthy samples, including 93 upregulated genes. The DEGs were significantly upregulated in mineral absorption, and the interleukin-17 (IL-17) signaling pathway and 103 down-regulated genes were associated with control of the bile secretion signaling pathway. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed with 106 nodes and 192 edges. The top two important clusters were selected from the PPI by MCODE analysis. There were 16 hub genes with a high degree of connectivity in the PPI network that were selected, including heme oxygenase 1 (HMOX1), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1), and metallothionein (MT)-1E. CONCLUSIONS Bioinformatics network analysis identified key hub genes and molecular mechanisms in SIM.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Doenças Musculares/etiologia , Doenças Musculares/genética , Sepse/complicações , Transdução de Sinais , Análise por Conglomerados , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
13.
Lab Invest ; 100(4): 527-541, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792391

RESUMO

In this study, we screened potential natural compounds for the treatment of myocardial infarction (MI) and explored the underlying mechanisms. We built three machine learning models to screen the potential compounds. qPCR, flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence analyses were applied to analyze the pharmacological effects of the compounds on macrophages/monocytes in vivo and in vitro. Arctigenin (AG) was selected as a candidate, and echocardiography, Masson's trichrome staining, and TUNEL staining were utilized to detect the effect of AG on MI in vivo. Transcriptome analysis and subsequent bioinformatics analyses were performed to predict the target of the selected compound. Western blot and luciferase reporter assays were used to confirm the target and mechanism of AG. The reversibility of the effects of AG were verified through overexpression of NFAT5. The results showed that AG can improve cardiac injury after MI by reducing infarct size, improving heart function, and inhibiting cardiac death. In addition, AG suppresses inflammatory macrophages/monocytes and proinflammatory cytokines in vivo and in vitro. Transcriptomic and biological experiments revealed that AG modulates macrophage polarization via the NFAT5-induced signaling pathway. Therefore, our data suggest that AG can improve MI by inhibiting the inflammatory phenotype of macrophages/monocytes through targeting of NFAT5.


Assuntos
Furanos/farmacologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lignanas/farmacologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição , Animais , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Miocárdio/citologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Transcrição/antagonistas & inibidores , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772597

RESUMO

Background: Acupuncture and moxibustion (A&M) has been used for treating heart failure in China since the Han Dynasty. This ancient therapy can be applied to many diseases according to the WHO recommendations. Although there are many clinical reports on the treatment of heart failure by A&M, its effectiveness is still not fully demonstrated. We aimed to systematically review the related randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies and conduct a meta-analysis. Methods: The PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, CENTRAL, CNKI, Wanfang, and Weipu databases were searched electronically until December 2018. The data were extracted, and the risk of bias was evaluated. Meta-analysis, subgroup analysis, and metaregression were performed. Heart function was the main outcome assessed. The details of the intervention were also investigated. Results: Thirty-two RCTs involving 2499 patients were included. Most studies had an unclear risk regarding blinding and allocation concealment. Compared with the traditional treatment group, the experimental group had a higher efficacy rate (odds ratio (OR) = 2.61, 95% confidence interval (95%CI): = [1.84; 3.72], I 2 = 0%, p < 0.0001) and a significantly improved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (mean difference (MD) = 6.34, 95%CI = [4.11, 8.57], I 2 = 93%, p < 0.0001), cardiac output (CO) (MD = 1.02, 95%CI = [0.65, 1.39], I 2 = 94%, p < 0.0001), 6-minute walk test (6MWT) (MD = 43.6, 95%CI = [37.43, 49.77], I 2 = 0%, p < 0.0001), and reduced brain-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) (MD = -227.99, 95%CI = [-337.30, -118.68], I2 = 96%, p < 0.0001). Adverse events were inadequately reported in most studies. Conclusions: A&M may be a promising intervention as an adjunctive therapy to medication for treating heart failure. However, the evidence was inconclusive. Further large and rigorously designed RCTs are needed for verification.

16.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 9(4): 711-723, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384532

RESUMO

The loss of endothelial connective integrity and endothelial barrier dysfunction can lead to increased vascular injury, which is related to the activation of endothelial inflammasomes. There are evidences that low concentrations of aspirin can effectively prevent cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesized that low-dose aspirin could ameliorate endothelial injury by inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes and ultimately prevent cardiovascular diseases. Microvascular endothelial cells were stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (2 µg/mL) and administrated by 0.1-2 mmol/L aspirin. The wild type mice were stimulated with LPS (100 µg/kg/day), and 1 h later treated with aspirin (12.5, 62.5, or 125 mg/kg/day) and dexamethasone (0.0182 mg/kg/day) for 7 days. Plasma and heart were harvested for measurement of ELISA and immunofluorescence analyses. We found that aspirin could inhibit NLRP3 inflammasome formation and activation in vitro in dose-dependent manner and has correlation between the NLRP3 inflammasome and the ROS/TXNIP pathway. We also found that low-concentration aspirin could inhibit the formation and activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and restore the expression of the endothelial tight junction protein zonula occludens-1/2 (ZO1/2). We assume that aspirin can ameliorate the endothelial layer dysfunction by suppressing the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome.

17.
Pharmacol Res ; 147: 104251, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31233804

RESUMO

Heart failure (HF) is a complex pathology for which single-agent therapy cannot provide comprehensive efficacy. Therefore, effective combination therapies for HF are increasingly emphasized. Multiple-component drugs derived from Chinese herbal formulae provide efficacy and safety when administered to patients with HF. Nuanxinkang (NXK) is a simplified Chinese herbal formula which has been widely applied in HF for decades. It exhibits comprehensive cardiac protective effects in HF patients as an adjuvant therapy, including improving heart function and quality-of-life, reducing inflammation, and regulating neurohormones. Nevertheless, the bioactive ingredients and mechanisms of action of NXK are unknown, which hinders its further application. Here, we examined the therapeutic efficacy of NXK in a mouse model of HF. Using transcriptome analysis and drug similarity analysis we found that NXK inhibits apoptosis and inflammation, while improving cardiac contraction and reversing myocardial fibrosis. In addition, we detected 21 bioactive species in NXK using UHPLC-MS analysis. Based on these data, we performed network pharmacology analysis to investigate ingredient-target-pathway interactions. We further confirmed 13 genes as potential targets, and assessed the effects of NXK on the AKT to validate the anti-apoptotic role of NXK both in vivo and in vitro. Thus, our work has identified a simplified herbal formula with efficacy against HF by exploring its constituents and mechanism of action, providing evidence for an innovative treatment strategy and novel therapeutic targets for HF.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Ilex , Panax , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Cytokine ; 119: 37-46, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30875589

RESUMO

We examined the precise association between IL-10 levels and cardiovascular disease (CVD) prognosis and explored the pleiotropic role of IL-10 in different cardiac pathologies. We performed a meta-analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies investigating IL-10 levels. Meta-regression analyses were used to determine the cause of the discrepancies. To assess publication bias, funnel plots were constructed, and Egger's tests were performed. Data from the GSE58015 dataset were used to investigate the levels of IL-10 under certain conditions. Because of substantial heterogeneity in the data used to compare the IL-10 levels between patients with CVD and healthy people, we could not determine the differences between the healthy controls and patients with ischemic or nonischemic pathologies (p > 0.05). The analysis of the association between IL-10 levels and CVD prognosis indicated that higher IL-10 levels were significantly associated with a poor prognosis in patients with nonischemic pathologies (HR = 1.10, 95% CI = 1.00-1.20, p = 0.043) but differentially associated with the prognosis of patients with ischemic pathologies based on the sampling time point (before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI): HR = 4.90, 95% CI = 1.24-19.30, p < 0.001; after PCI: HR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.43-0.75, p = 0.023). The meta-regression analysis showed that the pooled HR of the IL-10 levels was positively correlated with the IL-10/IL-6 ratio (ß = 0.644, p = 0.024). The funnel plots and Egger's tests revealed no statistically significant bias in our meta-analysis (p > 0.1). Furthermore, our data mining analysis supported our findings. Our analysis showed that IL-10 levels may be pleiotropically associated with the CVD prognosis possibly based on the type of pathology, disease stage and levels of other proinflammatory factors, such as IL-6.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Prognóstico
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(1): 183-186, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-989970

RESUMO

ABSTRACT We present the case of a 28 year old patient with an incomplete tear of the tunica albuginea occurred after having sexual intercourse in the female superior position. The diagnostic assessment was performed first clinically, then with CT, owing to its high resolution, allowed to exactly detect the tear location leading to precise preoperative planning. After adequate diagnosis through imaging and proper planning, the patient was performed a selective minimally invasive surgical approach to repair the lesion. The patient had good erection with no angular deformity or plaque formation after a 3-month follow-up.

20.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(1): 183-186, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30556992

RESUMO

We present the case of a 28 year old patient with an incomplete tear of the tunica albuginea occurred after having sexual intercourse in the female superior position. The diagnostic assessment was performed first clinically, then with CT, owing to its high resolution, allowed to exactly detect the tear location leading to precise preoperative planning. After adequate diagnosis through imaging and proper planning, the patient was performed a selective minimally invasive surgical approach to repair the lesion. The patient had good erection with no angular deformity or plaque formation after a 3-month follow-up.


Assuntos
Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Pênis/lesões , Ruptura/cirurgia , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Doenças do Pênis/diagnóstico por imagem , Pênis/diagnóstico por imagem , Pênis/cirurgia , Ruptura/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
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