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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(34): e27123, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449517

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The specific method and dose of tranexamic acid (TXA) topically applied for intertrochanteric fractures have not been well established. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of TXA topically administered via our protocol for perioperative bleeding management in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures who underwent proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA).A retrospective comparative analysis was performed. The TXA group was composed of 82 patients with topical use of TXA, and the control group was composed of 82 patients without TXA use during the PFNA procedure. Intraoperative, total and hidden amounts of blood loss, drainage volumes, postoperative blood transfusion volumes and complications were compared between the 2 groups.The intraoperative, total and hidden amounts of blood loss and the drainage volumes were significantly lower in the TXA group than in the control group (P = .012, P < .01, P < .01, P = .014, respectively). The volume and rate of blood transfusion in the TXA group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < .01). There were no significant differences in complications between the 2 groups (P > .05).Topical application of TXA offers an effective and safe option for reducing perioperative blood loss and transfusion in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures undergoing PFNA.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem , Administração Tópica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e23965, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: postmenopausal osteoporosis is a systemic metabolic skeletal disease associated with menopause-related estrogen withdrawal. postmenopausal osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass, bone microstructure destruction, leading to increased bone brittleness and be prone to fracture, resulting in disability and death. At present, the commonly used drugs are estrogen, calcium, bone formation promoter and bone resorption inhibitor, and the side effects are obvious. In Traditional Chinese medicine, kidney-tonifying differentiating medicine is guided by the whole concept, Xianling Gubao capsule as the representative, the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis has certain therapeutic advantages, but lacks evidence-based medicine evidence. The purpose of this study is to systematically study the efficacy and safety of Xianling Gubao capsule in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. METHODS: use computer to search English databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library) and Chinese databases (China Knowledge Network, Wanfang, Weipu, Chinese Biomedical Database), in addition manually search Baidu academic, Google academic, from the establishment of database to October 2020, for randomized controlled clinical study of postmenopausal osteoporosis in the Xianling Gubao capsule treatment. Two researchers independently did the data extraction and literature quality evaluation, using RevMan5.3 software to do meta-analysis of the included literature. RESULTS: this study assessed the efficacy and safety of xianling gubao capsule in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis by total effective rate, bone density after treatment, blood calcium level after treatment, blood phosphorus level after treatment, pain score, quality of life and so on. CONCLUSION: this study will provide reliable evidence-based evidence for the clinical application of Xianling Gubao capsule in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/TP394.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/tratamento farmacológico , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15323452

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship of the limited resource of the autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in articular cavity to the treatment results of full-thickness articular cartilage defect, and to investigate whether the extrogenous sodium hyaluronate (SH) promotes the migration of MSCs cultured in vitro to the articular defect in vivo. METHODS: Sixty-six Japan rabbits were made the model of the full-thickness articular cartilage defect (5 mm width and 4 mm depth). The autologous MSCs were extracted from the rabbit femur, cultured in vitro, labeled by Brdu, and injected into the injured articular cavity with or without SH. The experiment was divided into 4 groups; group A (MSCs and SH, n=15); group B (MSCs, n=15); group C (SH, n=18); and group D (non-treatment, n=18). The morphologic observation was made by HE staining, Mallory staining and immunohistochemical staining after 5 weeks, 8 weeks and 12 weeks of operation. RESULTS: There were significant differences in the thickness of repairing tissue between group A and group B (P<0.01); but there were no significant differences between group A and group C, and between group B and group D (P>0.05). The histological observation showed that the main repairing tissue was fibrocartilage in group A and fiber tissue in group B. CONCLUSION: MSCs cultured in vitro and injected into the articular cavity can not improve the treatment results of the articular cartilage defect. Extrogenous SH has effect on repairing cartilage defect. The extrogenous SH has no effect on the chemotaxis of the MSCs, and on the collection of MSCs into the joint defect.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Cartilagem Articular/lesões , Ácido Hialurônico/uso terapêutico , Traumatismos do Joelho/cirurgia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Animais , Cartilagem Articular/cirurgia , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Masculino , Coelhos
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